Arizona


A. There shall be an industrial commission of Arizona. B. The commission shall be composed of five members appointed by the governor pursuant to section 38-211. Each member shall be appointed...


The salaries of members of the commission shall be paid by the administrative fund. ...



A majority of the commission shall constitute a quorum to transact business. When a vacancy occurs in the commission, the remaining commissioners may exercise all the powers of the...



A. The commission shall have an official seal for the authentication of its orders and proceedings. Upon the seal shall be engraved the words, industrial commission of Arizona and such...



A. The commission shall maintain its principal offices at the state capitol, but may maintain offices and hold meetings in any place within the state. B. The commission offices shall be open...



A. The commission has full power, jurisdiction and authority to: 1. Formulate and adopt rules and regulations for effecting the purposes of this article. 2. Administer and enforce all...



A. The commission shall employ a director. The director may employ such personnel as deemed necessary by the provisions of chapters 1, 2 and 6 and article 2 of chapter 3 of this title. B....



The director, under the supervision of the commission, shall administer the policies, powers and duties of the commission as prescribed by chapters 1, 2 and 6 and article 2 of chapter 3 of...



A. The commission shall appoint administrative law judges of the commission who shall be members of the Arizona state bar and who are subject to the state personnel board. B. The...



A. The industrial commission shall be responsible for determining the policy of the commission. B. Any powers and duties prescribed by law to the commission in chapters 1, 2 and 6 and article 2...



A. The director of the industrial commission shall employ an ombudsman to assist recipients of workers' compensation benefits. B. The ombudsman shall not provide legal advice but may...



It is unlawful for a person charged or entrusted by another with the employment or continuance in employment of any workmen or laborers to demand or receive, either directly or indirectly, from...



A person who knowingly compels, or in any manner seeks to coerce any employee or any person to purchase goods or supplies from any particular person is guilty of a class 2 misdemeanor. ...




A. Unless a variance is granted pursuant to section 23-241, a person shall not employ or allow a person under the age of eighteen years to work in, about or in connection with: 1....



A. In addition to the prohibited employments under section 23-231, unless a variance is granted pursuant to section 23-241, a person shall not employ or allow a person under the age of...



A. Employment of persons under the age of sixteen shall be confined to: 1. Not more than forty hours in any one week when the person is not enrolled in a session of school or when school is...



No child under the age of ten years shall sell, expose for sale or otherwise offer for sale newspapers, magazines or periodicals in any street or public place. ...



A. The provisions of sections 23-231, 23-232 and 23-233 shall not apply to persons: 1. Employed by a grandparent, brother, sister, aunt, uncle, first cousin, stepparent or parent, including...



A. A cease and desist order issued by the commission shall become final upon the expiration of the time during which a request for a hearing may be made pursuant to section 23-236 unless...



Upon the failure or refusal of a person to comply with a cease and desist order of the commission, the commission may file an action in the superior court of the county where the alleged...



Any person who violates any provision of this article is guilty of a class 2 misdemeanor. ...



A. A person who desires a variation from this article or a modification or renewal of a variation granted under this section shall file a written application with the director of the department...



No provision of this article alters or excuses noncompliance with any applicable federal statute or regulation relating to the employment of child labor. If both federal law and the provisions...



No railroad employer of two hundred fifty or more persons may operate business on other than the time as prescribed in section 1-242. ...



A. Employment in mining activities in underground mines and underground workings is declared injurious to health and dangerous to life and limb of those employed therein. B. The period...



A company operating a railroad in whole or in part within the state which requires a conductor, engineer, fireman, brakeman, telegraph operator or any employee who has worked in his...



In this article, unless the context otherwise requires: 1. Commission means the industrial commission of Arizona. 2. Directory order means a temporary order which becomes mandatory...



The commission or any authorized representative may: 1. Investigate and ascertain the wages of minors employed in any occupation. 2. Enter the place of business or employment of any...



The commission, on the petition of twenty or more residents of the state engaged in any particular occupation, shall cause an investigation to be made of the wages being paid to minors in...



A. A wage board shall be composed of three representatives of the employees in any occupation, trade or industry and an equal number of representatives chosen from among the employers in...



A wage board may differentiate and classify employment in any occupation according to the nature of the service rendered and recommend appropriate minimum fair wage rates for...



In establishing a minimum fair wage for any service or class of service under this article, the commission, or the wage board, without being bound by any technical rules of evidence or...



A wage board may recommend a suitable scale of wage rates for learners and apprentices in any occupation. The scale of learners' and apprentices' wage rates may be less than the regular...



A. The chairman of a wage board may administer oaths and require by subpoena the attendance and testimony of witnesses, the production of all books, records, and other evidence relative to...



Upon fixing the time and place for holding a hearing for considering wage matters referred to in this article, and at least fourteen days before the date of the hearing, the commission shall...



The commission shall present to a wage board promptly upon its organization all the evidence and information in its possession relating to wages of minors working in occupations over which...



A. Within ten days after its organization a wage board shall submit a report which shall include its recommendations of minimum fair wage standards for minors in the occupations the wage board...



A. If the report of a wage board is approved, the commission shall make and publish a directory order which shall define minimum fair rates in the occupation or occupations as recommended in...



At any time after a minimum fair wage order has been in effect for one year or more, the commission may on its own motion, and shall, on petition of twenty or more residents of the state...



A. All questions of fact arising under this article, except as otherwise provided, shall be decided by the commission, but there shall be the right of appeal from the decision of the commission...



In an occupation for which minimum fair wage rates have been established, the commission may issue to a minor, including a learner or apprentice, whose earning capacity is impaired by...



If a minor is paid less than the minimum fair wage to which such minor is entitled under a mandatory minimum fair wage order, such minor may recover in a civil action an amount which is treble...



It is contrary to public policy for an employer to employ a minor in an occupation at an oppressive and unreasonable wage as defined by section 23-311, and any contract, agreement or...



A. An employer or his agent, or the officer or agent of a corporation, who knowingly discharges, or in any other manner discriminates against an employee, because the employee has served, or...



In this article, unless the context otherwise requires: 1. Commission means the industrial commission of Arizona. 2. Employee means every woman or man in receipt of or entitled...



A. Notwithstanding the other provisions of this chapter, no employer shall pay any person in his employ at wage rates less than the rates paid to employees of the opposite sex in the...



In this article, unless the context otherwise requires: 1. Department means the labor department of the industrial commission of Arizona. 2. Employee means any person who...



A. Each employer in this state shall designate two or more days in each month, not more than sixteen days apart, as fixed paydays for payment of wages to the employees. B. Notwithstanding...



No employer may withhold or divert any portion of an employee's wages unless one of the following applies: 1. The employer is required or empowered to do so by state or federal law. 2....



A. When an employee is discharged from the service of an employer, he shall be paid wages due him within three working days or the end of the next regular pay period, whichever is sooner. B....



A. In assignments of property for benefit of creditors or in proceedings in insolvency, the wages of salesmen, clerks or laborers employed by the debtor or insolvent, to the amount of two...



A. Instead of proceeding under section 23-355, an employee may file a written claim with the department for unpaid wages against an employer if the amount of such wages does not exceed...



A. The department shall investigate wage claims timely filed under section 23-356 to determine if wages are due or if a dispute exists between the parties to the claim. B. Upon completion of...



A. A party aggrieved by a determination under section 23-357 may seek review pursuant to title 12, chapter 7, article 6. B. If the department's determination finds that there is a dispute...



Unless review is sought pursuant to section 23-358, the department's determination shall be final upon the expiration of the time for seeking review. A final determination by the department...



An employer who has been ordered by the department pursuant to section 23-357 or a court to pay wages due an employee and who fails to do so within ten days after the order becomes final is...



The commission may adopt such rules and regulations as necessary for the purpose of administering and enforcing this article. ...



A. The legislature declares that the establishment of a uniform minimum wage is a matter of statewide concern. B. No political subdivision of this state may establish, mandate or otherwise...



A. Subject to availability of appropriated funds, an employee of the state or any political subdivision, serving in a position determined by the law enforcement merit system council, the...


A. Any person engaged in law enforcement activities shall be compensated for each hour worked in excess of forty hours in one work week at the option of such employer at the following rates:...


In this article, unless the context otherwise requires: 1. Board means a review board established pursuant to section 23-422. 2. Commission means the industrial commission of Arizona....



Nothing in this article shall apply to working conditions of employees with respect to which any state agency acting under section 274(b) of the atomic energy act of 1954, as amended, or...



Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations and orders issued pursuant to this article which are applicable to his own actions and conduct. ...



The commission shall: 1. Administer the provisions of this article through the division of occupational safety and health. 2. Appoint the director of the division of occupational safety...



A. There shall be a division of occupational safety and health within the industrial commission. B. The director of the division of occupational safety and health shall be the administrative...



The division on behalf of the commission shall: 1. Recommend all standards, rules or changes thereto, pursuant to section 23-410, to the commission for its approval or disapproval. 2....



A. The director of the division of occupational safety and health, or his authorized representative, upon presentation of credentials, shall be permitted to inspect places of employment,...



A. Safety and health standards and rules shall be formulated in the following manner: 1. The division shall either propose adoption of national consensus standards or federal standards or...



A. Any employer may apply to the commission for a temporary order granting a variance from a standard or regulation or any provision thereof promulgated under this article. B. Such temporary...



Any affected employer may apply to the commission for a rule or order for a variance from a standard or regulation promulgated under this article. Affected employees shall be given notice of...



Any interested party adversely affected by a rule or order issued under sections 23-411 or 23-412 may appeal in accordance with the procedures established in sections 23-945 and 23-946. ...



A. The commission may provide for emergency temporary standards or regulations to take immediate effect upon filing with the secretary of state, if it determines that employees are exposed...



The division may issue an advisory notice setting forth de minimis violations of standards and regulations which shall carry no penalty, unless the employer wilfully and repeatedly violates...



A. If the director, following an inspection or investigation, issues a citation pursuant to section 23-415 he shall, within a reasonable time after termination of the inspection or...



A. Any employer who wilfully or repeatedly violates the requirements of section 23-403 or any standard or regulation adopted pursuant to section 23-410 or 23-414 or any provision of this...



A. An additional penalty of twenty-five thousand dollars shall be assessed by the commission against an employer who is assessed a penalty under section 23-418, subsection A, for each...



A. The superior court has jurisdiction upon filing of a verified complaint by the commission to restrain any conditions or practices in any place of employment which are such that a danger...



A. Upon the conclusion of any hearing, or prior thereto with concurrence of the parties, the administrative law judge shall promptly and not later than thirty days after the matter is...



A. A review board shall be established to hear and rule on appeals of administrative law judge decisions generated in this article. The board shall consist of five members appointed by...



A. A request for review to the review board shall be filed with the commission within fifteen days from the date the decision was mailed to the parties and copies of the request shall be mailed...



A. No person shall discharge or in any manner discriminate against any employee because such employee has filed any complaint or instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding under...



All information reported to or likewise obtained by the commission or its representatives in connection with any inspection or investigation under this article which contains or which might...



Notwithstanding the provisions of section 32-261, any affected employee or employer may designate any person or persons to represent him for the purpose of proceedings before any...



A. Nothing in this article shall prevent any county, city or other political subdivision of the state or any court from asserting jurisdiction over any occupational safety or health issue...



The commission may establish requirements and standards of competency for individuals involved in inspecting, constructing, relocating, altering, dismantling, maintaining or repairing...



The commission may require the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of evidence under oath. Witnesses shall be paid the same fees and mileage paid witnesses in courts of...



A. The division shall develop a consulting program utilizing visits to the workplace of employers to provide consultation and advice to such employers. Such visits: 1. May be conducted...



In this article, unless the context otherwise requires: 1. Authorized representative means the boiler chief and boiler inspector employed by the division. 2. Certificate means...



The division shall administer the provisions of this article. ...



Every owner or operator of any boiler or lined hot water storage heater shall: 1. Furnish, maintain and provide safe and adequate boilers or lined hot water storage heaters. 2. Comply...



The commission shall: 1. Administer the provisions of this article through the division of occupational safety and health. 2. Establish a boiler advisory board to assist the commission...



The division shall: 1. Inspect boilers and lined hot water storage heaters pursuant to this article. 2. Recommend standards, regulations and amendments to such standards and regulations...



A. Safety standards and regulations shall be formulated in the following manner: 1. The division shall either propose adoption of national consensus standards or federal standards or draft...



A. Any person may make a request for an investigation by the division into alleged violations of section 23-473 by giving notice to the director or the director's authorized representative of...



A. If the division, following an inspection or investigation determines that there is reasonable cause to believe that there exists a violation of a standard or regulation the division shall...



A. Any interested party may request a hearing before the commission to contest the notice of violation issued pursuant to this article. B. A request for hearing shall be made in writing, signed...



A. Upon the conclusion of any hearing, or prior to the conclusion with concurrence of the parties, the administrative law judge shall, not later than thirty days after the matter is submitted...



A. The commission shall, upon application of any employer, grant such time as reasonably necessary for compliance with an order. A person may petition the commission for an extension of time...



A. Any party affected by a decision of the commission or by a decision upon review pursuant to section 23-481 may apply to the court of appeals by a petition for special action to review...



Nothing contained in this article shall in any way impair the authority or responsibility of political subdivisions of this state with regard to the local enforcement of licensing, safety...



A. The division, upon the request of any company authorized to insure against loss from explosion of boilers or lined hot water storage heaters in this state, may issue to any inspector of...



This article shall apply to any political subdivisions of this state except those political subdivisions having boiler inspection regulations equal to those of this state at the time this...



A. The division may enter into agreements to provide inspection services during the manufacture, assembly, erection, or repair of boilers, lined hot water storage heaters or any...



The division shall administer the provisions of this article. ...



Every owner and operator of a conveyance shall: 1. Construct, furnish, maintain and provide safe and adequate devices with which to safely and properly convey or move all persons and...



Existing conveyances lawfully installed prior to the effective date of this article may continue in use if the use is, in the opinion of the director, not a hazard to life, health or property. ...



A. The commission shall: 1. Administer the provisions of this article through the division of occupational safety and health. 2. Establish an elevator advisory board to assist the...



The division shall: 1. Inspect conveyances annually and may do so at other times when deemed necessary or appropriate by the division. 2. Recommend to the commission for approval...



A. Safety standards and regulations shall be formulated in the following manner: 1. The division shall either propose adoption of national consensus standards or federal standards or draft...



A. Any person may make a request for an investigation by the division into alleged violations of section 23-491.02 by giving notice to the director or the director's authorized representative...



A. Any interested party may request a hearing before the commission to contest any correction order issued pursuant to this article. B. A request for hearing shall be made in writing, signed by...



A. Upon the conclusion of any hearing, or prior to the conclusion with concurrence of the parties, the administrative law judge shall, not later than thirty days after the matter is submitted...



A. The request for review of an administrative law judge decision need only state that the party requests a review of the decision. The request may be accompanied by a memorandum of points...



A. Any party affected by a decision of the commission or by a decision upon review pursuant to section 23-491.12 may apply to the court of appeals by a petition for special action to review...



Nothing contained in this article shall in any way impair the authority or responsibility of political subdivisions of this state with regard to the local enforcement or licensing, safety...



In this article, unless the context otherwise requires: 1. Alcohol means ethanol, isopropanol or methanol. 2. Drugs means any substance considered unlawful under the schedules of...



A. In order to test reliably for the presence of drugs, an employer may require samples from its employees and prospective employees and may require presentation of reliable...



Regarding the timing and cost of drug tests and alcohol impairment tests, and in order for an employer to qualify for the benefits of this article: 1. Any drug testing or alcohol...



No cause of action is or may be established for any person against an employer who has established a policy and initiated a testing program in accordance with this article for any of...



A. No cause of action is or may be established for any person against an employer who has established a program of drug testing or alcohol impairment testing in accordance with this...



Nothing in this article shall be construed to infringe on, contradict, preempt or otherwise conflict with the valid provisions of any collective bargaining agreement or to otherwise abridge...



An employer who is obligated by state or federal requirements to have a drug testing or alcohol impairment testing policy or program shall receive the full benefits of this article, even if...



In this article, unless the context otherwise requires: 1. Department means the department of economic security. 2. Director means the director of the department. 3. Disabled...



The department shall cooperate in carrying out the purposes of federal statutes pertaining to vocational rehabilitation. The division may adopt methods of administration found by the...



A. Vocational rehabilitation service shall be provided to a disabled person, resident in the state, whose vocational rehabilitation in the judgment of the director after investigation...



A. The state treasurer shall be the custodian of monies received from the federal government for the purpose of carrying out any federal law relating to vocational rehabilitation, and...



A. Employment agent means all persons, firms, corporations or associations which for a fee, commission or charge that is collected from persons seeking employment either: 1. Furnish...



The industrial commission shall supervise employment agents to the extent necessary to enforce and administer adequately all laws and lawful orders designed to prevent fraud,...



A. There shall be an Arizona employment advisory council. B. The council shall be composed of seven members appointed by the industrial commission. Each member of the council shall be a citizen...



The council shall: 1. Inquire into the needs of the employment agency industry, and make such recommendations as may be deemed important and necessary for the welfare of the state,...



The commission shall: 1. Fix and order reasonable rules promulgated by the advisory council and approved by the commission for the conduct of the business of employment agents necessary...



A. A commissioner or deputy of the commission may at any reasonable time enter the place of business of an employment agent for the purpose of examining the records or registers kept by...



A. The clerk of every city and town in which there is no public employment office or employment agency licensed under the provisions of this article may solicit, receive and record applications...



A. A person, firm, corporation or association desiring a license as employment agent shall make application for a license to the industrial commission, and shall accompany the application with...



A. Each license shall be valid for one year from the date of issue and may be renewed annually for a like period of time. The commission shall give the licensee forty-five days' prior...



A. The industrial commission may take disciplinary action against a licensee charged with the commission of any of the following acts: 1. Fraud or misrepresentation in the application...



A. Every applicant for a license shall file with the commission, within a time fixed by the commission, a schedule of the fees or charges made by the employment agent to applicants for...



A. Every licensee conducting an employment agency shall give every applicant for employment from whom a fee is received, a receipt which shall state the name and address of the employment...



A. No employment agent, or agent thereof, shall send an applicant out for employment without having a bona fide order from the prospective employer to do so. B. If an applicant is sent out...



Every employment agent shall reasonably assure himself that any representations whatever, whether spoken, written or advertised in printed form, which he makes with regard to any employment,...



A. No person, firm, association, corporation or any employee or agent thereof, shall knowingly make a false statement to any person furnishing or seeking employment regarding any employment,...



No employment agent or employee or agent thereof shall divide or offer to divide, or share directly or indirectly, a fee, charge or compensation received from an applicant for employment with...



A person, firm, association or corporation who acts as an employment agent without a license as provided in this article is guilty of a class 6 felony. ...



In this article, unless the context otherwise requires: 1. Day labor means labor or employment that is under a contract between a day labor service agency and a third party employer, that...



This article does not apply to: 1. Business entities registered as farm labor contractors. 2. Temporary help services engaged in supplying white-collar employees, secretarial...



As a guide to the interpretation and application of this chapter, the public policy of this state is declared to be as follows: Economic insecurity due to unemployment is a serious menace to...



The definitions of words and phrases set forth in this article shall apply throughout this chapter unless the context otherwise requires. ...



A. Agricultural labor means and includes all service performed prior to January 1, 1972, which was agricultural labor as defined in this section prior to such date, and remunerated...



American employer means a person who is an individual who is a resident of the United States; a partnership, if two-thirds or more of the partners are residents of the United States; a trust...



A. Annual payroll means the total amount of wages for employment paid by an employer during a twelve-month period ending on June 30 of any calendar year. B. In computing an...



Base-period wages means the wages paid to an individual during his base period for insured work. ...



Benefits means the money payments payable to an individual as provided in this chapter, with respect to his unemployment. ...



Benefit year with respect to an individual means the one-year period beginning with the first day of the first week of unemployment with respect to which the individual first files a claim...



Calendar quarter means the period of three consecutive calendar months ending on March 31, June 30, September 30 or December 31, or the equivalent thereof as the commission may by...



Commission or employment security commission or department means the department of economic security. ...



Contributions means the money payments required by this chapter to be made into the state unemployment compensation fund by an employing unit on account of having individuals in its employ. ...



A. Crew leader means an individual who does all of the following: 1. Furnishes individuals to perform agricultural labor for any other person or employing unit. 2. Pays (either on...



A. Employing unit means an individual or type of organization, including a partnership, association, trust, estate, joint-stock company, insurance company or corporation, whether domestic...



A. Notwithstanding any provisions of law to the contrary except for subsection B of this section, for the purposes of this chapter, employment, as defined in section 23-615, paragraph 6...



Employment office means a free public employment office or branch thereof operated by this or any other state as a part of a state-controlled system of public employment offices, or by a...



Hospital means an institution which has been licensed, certified, or approved by the Arizona state department of health as a hospital. ...



A. Institution of higher education means an educational institution which: 1. Admits as regular students only individuals having a certificate of graduation from a high school or...



Insured work means employment for employers. ...



A. Misconduct connected with the employment means any act or omission by an employee which constitutes a material or substantial breach of the employee's duties or obligations pursuant to...



State includes, in addition to the states of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. ...



An individual shall be deemed unemployed with respect to any week during which the individual performs no services and with respect to which no wages are payable to the individual, or...



United States includes, in addition to the states of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. ...



Week means such period of seven consecutive days as the commission may by regulation prescribe. ...



Plan maintained by an employer shall not include any plan to which the employer does not contribute funds. ...



Levy includes the power of distraint and seizure by any means. ...



Internal revenue code means the United States internal revenue code of 1986, as amended. ...



Eligibility period of an individual means the period consisting of the weeks in his benefit year under this chapter which begin in an extended benefit period; and if his benefit year ends...



A. Exhaustee means an individual who, with respect to any week of unemployment in his eligibility period: 1. Has received prior to such week, all of the regular benefits that were...



A. Extended benefit period means a period which: 1. Begins with the third week after a week for which there is an Arizona on indicator; and 2. Ends with either of the following...



Extended benefits means benefits, including benefits payable to federal civilian employees and to ex-servicemen pursuant to...



Rate of insured unemployment for purposes of section 23-630 means the percentage derived by dividing: 1. The average weekly number of individuals filing claims for regular benefits in...



Regular benefits means benefits payable to an individual under this chapter or under any other state or federal unemployment compensation law other than extended benefits and shared...



State law means the unemployment insurance law of any state, approved by the United States secretary of labor under section 3304 of the internal revenue code. ...



A. An individual shall be eligible to receive extended benefits with respect to any week of unemployment in his eligibility period only if the department finds that with respect to such week:...



A. Notwithstanding section 23-776, an individual who is found by the department, with respect to any week in an eligibility period which begins from and after April 4, 1981, to have failed...



The weekly extended benefit amount payable to an individual for a week of total unemployment in his eligibility period is an amount equal to the weekly benefit amount payable to him during...



A. The total extended benefit amount payable to an eligible individual with respect to his applicable benefit year shall be the least of the following amounts: 1. Fifty per cent of the...



A. Whenever an extended benefit period is to become effective in this state as a result of an Arizona on indicator, or an extended benefit period is to be terminated in this state as a result...



Extended benefits paid to an individual shall be charged against the accounts of his base-period employers in the same manner and under the same conditions as regular benefits except that:...



Except where inconsistent with the provisions of this article, as provided in the regulations of the commission, the terms and conditions of all other articles of this chapter shall apply to...



The department may compromise a claim for contributions or payments in lieu of contributions more than two years in arrears, or an action in relation thereto. When a compromise is made,...



A. The department may enter into reciprocal arrangements with appropriate and duly authorized agencies of other states or of the federal government, or both, whereby: 1. Services performed...



In the administration of this chapter, the department shall: 1. Cooperate with the United States department of labor to the fullest extent consistent with the provisions of this chapter;...



A. There shall be established and maintained by the department free public employment offices in such number and in such places as may be necessary for the proper administration of this...



A. The department may acquire for and in the name of the state by lease purchase agreement, or otherwise, lands or buildings for the purpose of providing office space for units of the...



The commission shall print for distribution to the public the text of this chapter, its regulations and general rules, its annual reports to the governor and other material it deems relevant...



A. In a civil action to enforce the provisions of this chapter, the commission and the state may be represented by any qualified attorney who is a regular salaried employee of the commission...



Any person who knowingly violates any provision of this chapter, or any rule or regulation thereunder, the violation of which is made unlawful or the observance of which is required under...



A. The department shall establish one or more impartial appeal tribunals to hear and decide disputed claims. Such appeal tribunals shall consist in each case of one member who shall be a...



A. There is established within the department an appeals board consisting of four members. The director shall appoint the members of the appeals board and shall designate one member to serve...



Any finding of fact or law, judgment, conclusion or final order made by a hearing officer, an administrative law judge or any person with the authority to make findings of fact or law in...



A. All interested parties to a hearing before the appeal tribunal or the appeals board shall be given reasonable notice of the hearing and afforded an opportunity for hearing. The notice...



In the discharge of the duties imposed by this chapter, the appeal tribunal, appeals board or any duly authorized representative of the department may administer oaths and affirmations,...



Any person who without just cause knowingly fails or refuses to attend and testify or to answer any lawful inquiry or to produce books, papers, correspondence, memoranda and other records, if...



In case of contumacy or refusal of a person to obey a subpoena issued under this chapter, any court of this state within the jurisdiction of which the inquiry is carried on or within...



Witnesses subpoenaed pursuant to this chapter shall be allowed fees, not less than those paid in the superior court, at a rate fixed by the department, except that an employing unit or...



A. At the oral or written request of a party or on its own motion, the hearing officer may order, orally or in writing, that the hearing be postponed. A postponement shall be granted, if it is...



A. No individual claiming benefits shall be charged fees of any kind in a proceeding under this chapter by the department or its representatives or by a court or officer thereof. B. An...



A. There shall be a special fund known as the unemployment compensation fund which shall be kept separate and apart from all other public monies or funds of this state, and shall be...



The state treasurer shall be ex officio the treasurer and custodian of the unemployment compensation fund. He shall administer the fund in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and...



A. Within the unemployment compensation fund, there are three separate accounts known as a clearing account, an unemployment trust fund account and a benefit account. All monies payable to...



A. A special fund known as the special administration fund is established. B. No expenditure or transfer may be made from the special administration fund unless the expenditure or transfer...



A. The department may use all or any part of the funds in the special administration fund for the purpose of acquiring suitable office space for the units of the department performing...



A. A special fund known as the employment security administration fund is established. B. All monies deposited or paid into the employment security administration fund are appropriated and...



A. This state recognizes its obligation to replace, and pledges its faith that funds will be provided in the future and applied to the replacement of, any monies received from the United...



A special employment service account shall be maintained as a part of the employment security administration fund for the purpose of maintaining the public employment offices...



Each employing unit shall keep true and accurate work records for such periods of time and containing such information as the commission prescribes. Such records shall be open to inspection...



A. The department, the appeals board or an appeal tribunal may require from an employing unit sworn or unsworn reports with respect to persons employed by it which it deems necessary for...



Amendment by Laws 1998, Ch. 260, 1 was inconsistent and incompatible with Laws 1998, Ch. 280, 2 and therefore could not be blended A. After an employee is hired, is rehired or returns from...



A. An employing unit which fails to file on or before the due date prescribed by department regulation a quarterly contribution and wage report required by the department in the administration...



A. Contributions shall accrue and become payable by each employer for each calendar year in which he is subject to this chapter with respect to wages for employment. The contributions shall...



A. The commission shall maintain a separate account for each employer and shall credit the account with all contributions and payments in lieu of contributions paid by the employer and...



The standard rate of contributions payable by each employer for calendar year 1985 and each year thereafter shall be five and four-tenths per cent of the wages paid by the employer during...



A. For purposes of this section: 1. Additional contributions means the money payments to be made at the surtax rate. 2. Contribution rate means the rate at which an employer is...



Repealed effective January 1, 2008, by Laws 2000, Ch. 383, 10, as amended by Laws 2002, Ch. 264, 4 Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, beginning on January 1, 2001 until...



The commission, for each calendar year, shall classify employers in accordance with their actual experience in the payment of contributions and with respect to benefits charged against...



A. The department shall promptly notify each employer of his rate of contributions as determined for any calendar year. The determination shall become conclusive and binding upon the...



No agreement by an individual in the employ of any person or concern to pay all or a portion of an employer's contributions or payments in lieu of contributions required under this chapter...



A. No employer shall directly or indirectly make, require or accept a deduction from wages to finance the employer's contributions or payments in lieu of contributions required from him,...



A. If contributions are not paid on the date due and payable as prescribed by the commission, the whole or part thereafter remaining unpaid shall bear interest at the rate of one per cent...



A. If a contribution, payment in lieu of a contribution, penalty or interest imposed under this chapter is not paid when due, these amounts may be collected by levy pursuant to section 23-752...



A. If a contribution or payment in lieu of a contribution imposed under this chapter is not paid when due, the department may, instead of pursuing civil action authorized in section 23-737,...



A. A debtor who fails to pay any contributions, payments in lieu of contributions, penalties, interest or fees imposed under this chapter is liable for all costs and expenses incurred by...



A. If an employer neglects or refuses to make a return as required by this chapter, the department shall make an estimate based upon information in its possession of the amount of...



A. If the department finds through its audit or claims-taking procedures that the return filed by an employer is deficient, the department may compute the amount required to be paid on the...



A. Notwithstanding sections 23-738 and 23-738.01, if the department believes the collection of a contribution, payment in lieu of contributions, interest or penalties will be jeopardized by...



If a timely petition for reassessment is filed and after any decision on the issue of liability arising under section 23-724 affecting the assessment has become final, the department...



Notwithstanding section 23-742, the department shall refund any payment of contributions, payment in lieu of contributions, interest or penalties subsequently determined not due as a result of...



A. Not later than three years after the date on which any contribution or interest on a contribution becomes due, an employer who has paid the contribution or interest may apply for an...



A. Except for the provisions of subsection C, additional contributions, payments in lieu of contributions, interest or penalties shall not be determined by the department to be due after...



A. In event of a distribution of an employer's assets pursuant to court order, including receivership, assignment for benefit of creditors, adjudicated insolvency, composition or...



If any contributions, payments in lieu of contributions, interest or penalties which the department is required to collect are not paid, the unpaid amounts are a lien from the date the...



A. The department may perfect a lien no earlier than fifteen days after the date on which contributions, payments in lieu of contributions, interest or penalties are due. B. The lien imposed...



When any lien established by this article has been satisfied, the department shall issue a release to the person against whom the lien is claimed. Such release shall be a document in a form...



A. The employer may cause his property to be released from the lien provided by sections 23-745 and 23-746, by filing with the commission a bond in double the amount claimed in the lien,...



The transfer, through sale, exchange or otherwise, of a major portion of the assets of a delinquent employer shall not defeat or impair the lien in favor of the commission, and the...



Any employing unit or any officer or agent of an employing unit or any other person who knowingly fails or refuses to make any contribution or other payment as required by this chapter or...



A. Any Indian tribe for which service in employment is performed is an employer for the purposes of this chapter. Benefits that are based on service in the employment by an Indian tribe...



A. If a debtor who is liable to pay any contributions, payments in lieu of contributions, interest or penalties neglects or refuses to pay the amounts, the department may collect the amounts,...



A. Except as provided in subsection B of this section, a person in possession of, or obligated with respect to, property or rights to property subject to levy on which a levy has been made,...



If a levy has been made or is about to be made on property, or a right to property, any person having custody or control of books or records containing evidence or statements relating to...



A. The following property is exempt from levy under this article: 1. Wearing apparel and school books necessary for the debtor or members of the debtor's family. 2. Fuel,...



A. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the notice of sale and sale of property seized by the department under this article shall be conducted in the manner and the time provided in...



A. The department may release the levy on all or a part of the property or rights to property levied on if the department determines that this action will facilitate the collection of...



In this article, unless the context otherwise requires: 1. Affected group means two or more employees designated by the employer to participate in a shared work plan. 2. Approved...



A. An employer wishing to participate in the shared work unemployment compensation program shall submit a signed, written shared work plan to the department for approval. The department...



A. An individual is eligible to receive shared work benefits with respect to any week only if, in addition to meeting the requirements of article 6 of this chapter as modified by subsections D...



The department shall pay an individual eligible for shared work benefits with respect to any week a shared work benefit that is a proportionate amount as provided in this section of the...



Except as otherwise provided by or inconsistent with this article, this chapter and department regulations apply to benefits under this article. ...



A. An unemployed individual shall be eligible to receive benefits with respect to any week only if the department finds that the individual: 1. Has registered for work at and thereafter...



A. Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, no otherwise eligible individual shall be denied benefits for any week: 1. Because he is in training approved by the secretary of...



A. Claims for benefits shall be made in accordance with such regulations as the department prescribes. B. All base period employers of a claimant for benefits shall be promptly notified when...



A. A representative designated by the department as a deputy shall promptly examine any claim for benefits and, on the basis of the facts found by him, shall determine whether or not the claim...



An individual shall be disqualified for benefits: 1. For the week in which he has left work voluntarily without good cause in connection with the employment, and in addition to the...



A. An individual shall be disqualified for benefits if the department finds he has failed without cause either to apply for available, suitable work, when so directed by the employment office...



A. An individual shall be disqualified for benefits for any week with respect to which the commission finds that his total or partial unemployment is due to a labor dispute, strike or...



Any person who, within the twenty-four calendar months immediately preceding a week in which he files a valid claim for benefits, has made a false statement or representation of a material...



Effective retroactively from and after June 30, 1998 A. The weekly benefit amount of an individual shall be an amount equal to one twenty-fifth of the person's total wages for insured work...



An otherwise eligible individual shall be entitled during a benefit year to a total amount of benefits equal to twenty-six times his weekly benefit amount, but shall not receive more than...



A. Benefits based on services, substantially all of which consist of participating in sports or athletic events or training or preparing to so participate, shall not be paid to an individual...



All benefits provided by this chapter shall be payable from the unemployment compensation fund. All benefits shall be paid through offices of the department of economic security. ...



As amended by Laws 1997, Chs. 219 and 300, blended A. No assignment, pledge or encumbrance of the right to benefits which are or may become due or payable under this chapter shall be valid,...



No agreement by an individual to waive, release or commute his rights to benefits or any other rights under this chapter shall be valid, except an agreement to satisfy child support...



Any person who knowingly makes a false statement or representation believing it to be false or who knowingly fails to disclose a material fact in order to obtain or increase a benefit or...



A. A person who receives any amount as benefits under this chapter to which he is not entitled is liable to repay the overpaid amount to the department. The department may deduct all or a...



The department shall recover any overpayment made to an individual under the trade act of 1974, as amended, by deduction of the overpayment amount from any benefits payable to such...



A. At the time an individual files a new claim for unemployment compensation, the department may require disclosure of whether or not the individual owes an uncollected overissuance of food...



On request of an agency which administers an employment security law of another state or foreign government and which has found in accordance with the provisions of that law that a claimant...



A. An individual filing a new claim for unemployment compensation shall, at the time of filing the claim, be advised: 1. That unemployment compensation is subject to federal and state tax....



A. Notwithstanding any other law, benefits based on service by a school bus contractor for an educational institution shall not be paid to an individual for any week of unemployment that...



The legislature reserves the right to amend or repeal all or any part of this chapter at any time, and there shall be no vested private right of any kind against such amendment or repeal. All...



If any provision of this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of this chapter and the application of such provision to other persons...



To protect the safety of employees in all hazardous occupations in mining, smelting, manufacturing, railroad or street railway transportation, or any other industry, as provided in section...



Labor and services of workmen at manual and mechanical labor in the employment of a person in an occupation declared by section 23-803 to be hazardous is service in a hazardous occupation...



The following occupations are hazardous within the meaning of this article: 1. The operation of steam railroads, electrical railroads, street railroads by locomotives, engines, trains,...



A. When in the course of work in any of the employments or occupations enumerated in section 23-803, personal injury or death by an accident arising out of and in the course of such labor,...



In actions brought under this article, the question of whether the employee was guilty of contributory negligence or assumed the risk is a question of fact and at all times, regardless of...



A. Any contract, rule, regulation or device whatever, the purpose or intent of which is to enable an employer to exempt himself from any liability created by this article, is to that extent...



A. In an action to recover damages for death or injury of an employee under any law of the state when the death or injury was sustained by the employee in the course of one of the...



A. The occupational diseases as defined by section 23-901, paragraph 12, subdivision (c) shall be deemed to arise out of the employment only if all of the following six requirements exist:...



Where compensation is payable for an occupational disease the only employer liable shall be the employer in whose employment the employee was last injuriously exposed to the hazards of...



A. For each case submitted by a claimant for compensation the commission may, or if requested by an interested party shall, appoint a committee of expert consultants on occupational...



A. Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, no employee or dependent of an employee shall be entitled to receive compensation for disability from an occupational disease, as defined...



Where an occupational disease, as defined by section 23-901, paragraph 12, subdivision (c), is aggravated by any other disease or infirmity not itself compensable, or where disability or...



In addition to persons defined as employees under section 23-901, paragraph 5, volunteer workers of a county, city, town, or other political subdivision of the state may be deemed to be...



A. Notwithstanding section 23-901, a qualified client of a nonprofit organization which provides vocational training to handicapped persons is an employee of the nonprofit organization for...



A. If a workman who has been hired or is regularly employed in this state receives a personal injury by accident arising out of and in the course of such employment, he shall be entitled...



A. A minor working at an age and at an occupation legally permitted shall be deemed of the age of majority for the purposes of this chapter, and no other person shall have any claim or right...



A. The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to employers and their employees engaged in any phase of the motion picture business that meet all of the following requirements: 1. The...



The provisions of this chapter do not apply to a person who performs the services of a licensee as defined in section 32-2101 under the following conditions: 1. Substantially all of...




A. The industrial commission of Arizona is charged with the duties of the administration of this chapter, and with the adjudication of claims for compensation arising out of provisions of...



A. All books, records and payrolls of the employer, including nonconfidential employer records on file with other state or local governmental agencies, showing or reflecting in any way the...



A commissioner may enter any place of employment to collect facts and statistics, and may bring to the attention of any employer any law or order of the commission and the failure of such...



A. For the purpose of making an investigation with regard to any employment or place of employment, the commission may appoint, by an order in writing, a member of the commission or any...



Upon request of the commission the attorney general, or under his direction the county attorney of the proper county, shall institute and prosecute the necessary actions or proceedings for...



A. The commission has exclusive jurisdiction as prescribed in this section over complaints involving alleged unfair claim processing practices or bad faith by an employer, self-insured...



A person who violates any provision of this chapter, commits any act therein prohibited, knowingly fails or refuses to perform any duty thereby imposed within the time prescribed by law or by...



Judgments obtained in any action prosecuted by the commission or by the state under the authority of this chapter shall have the same priority against the assets of the employer as claims...



A. Subject to the provisions of section 23-947, any interested party may file a request for a hearing concerning a claim. B. A request for a hearing shall be made in writing, signed by or...



A. Upon the conclusion of any hearing, or prior thereto with concurrence of the parties, the administrative law judge shall promptly and not later than thirty days after the matter is...



A. The request for review of an administrative law judge award need only state that the party requests a review of the award. The request may be accompanied by a memorandum of points...



A. General orders of the commission shall take effect within thirty days after publication. Special orders shall take effect as therein directed. B. The commission shall, upon application of...



A. Any employer or other person interested in or affected by an order of the commission may petition for a hearing on the reasonableness and lawfulness of such order by a verified petition...



A. Any person in interest dissatisfied with an order of the commission may within thirty days commence an action in the superior court of the county where the property, plant or place...



A. If upon the trial provided for in section 23-946, it appears that all issues arising in the action have not theretofore been presented to the commission in the petition for a hearing as to...



A. A hearing on any question relating to a claim shall not be granted unless the employee has previously filed an application for compensation within the time and in the manner prescribed...



The pendency of an action to set aside, vacate or amend an order of the commission shall not stay or suspend the order of the commission. During pendency of the action, the superior court may...



Actions and proceedings under this chapter and actions or proceedings to which the commission, the insurance department, or the state is a party in which any question arises under this chapter...



A. Any party affected by an award by the commission or by a decision upon review under the provisions of section 23-943 or by an order under the provisions of section 23-237 may apply to the...



When an order or award is issued by the industrial commission awarding permanent compensation benefits, compensation shall be paid as provided in such order or award and shall not be...



When a notice is issued by an insurance carrier or a self-insured employer of an award for permanent compensation benefits pursuant to section 23-1044, subsection B, these benefits shall be...



A. Two or more employers, each of whom are engaged in similar industries, may enter into contracts to establish a workers' compensation pool to provide for the payment and administration...



A. Any county, city, town, municipal corporation or school district shall insure in any manner prescribed by the terms of section 23-961. Effective July 1, 1983, this state through the...



Every policy of insurance covering the liability of the employer for workers' compensation, whether issued by the state compensation fund or by another, shall cover the entire liability of...



A. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 23-963, an insurance carrier authorized to transact workers' compensation insurance in this state may offer deductible coverage to...



A. Each employer providing insurance or electing to pay compensation directly as provided in this chapter, shall post in conspicuous places about his place of business typewritten or...



A. If an insurance carrier or self-insured employer does not fully comply with the provisions of the workers' compensation law relating to the payment of compensation, medical benefits or...



Any employer who intentionally deducts any portion of the premium, except for accident benefits, which he is by law required to pay from the wage or salary of an employee is guilty of a class...



At the request of an employer the insurance carrier shall notify such employer of monies paid relating to a workman of the employer during the preceding month. ...



When any lien established by this article has been satisfied, the commission shall issue a release to the person against whom the lien is claimed. Such release shall be a document in a form...



A. There is established the state compensation fund which shall be maintained for the purpose of insuring employers against liability for workers' compensation, occupational disease...



A. The state compensation fund shall be under the direct supervision of a board of directors which consists of five members appointed by the governor for staggered terms of five years. Each...



A. The state compensation fund shall be neither more nor less than self-supporting. B. Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the manager of the state compensation fund may...



A. It is unlawful for an employer to wilfully misrepresent to an insurance carrier the amount of payroll, the job description or job function of an employee, or the employer's loss history,...



A. Unless otherwise provided by law, the provisions of title 20 and the rules adopted by the director of insurance relating to the transaction of insurance apply to the state compensation fund...



Every employer insuring with an insurance carrier shall receive from such insurance carrier a contract or policy of insurance. ...



The state compensation fund may reinsure any risk, or any part thereof, and may enter into agreements of reinsurance in the same way and to the same extent as other reinsurance carriers. ...



A. The state compensation fund may in its name make contracts of insurance to include and cover the entire underlying liability of employers insured in the state compensation fund so that...



A. The right to recover compensation pursuant to this chapter for injuries sustained by an employee or for the death of an employee is the exclusive remedy against the employer or any...



A. If an employee entitled to compensation under this chapter is injured or killed by the negligence or wrong of another not in the same employ, such injured employee, or in event of death...



A. An agreement by an employee to waive the employee's rights to compensation, except as provided in this chapter, or an agreement by an employee to pay any portion of the premium paid by...



A. An employee who may be entitled to compensation under this chapter shall submit himself for medical examination from time to time at a place reasonably convenient for the employee, if and...



A. If in order to obtain any compensation, benefit or payment under the provisions of this chapter, either for himself or for another, any person knowingly makes a false statement...



A. If the provisions of this chapter relative to compensation for injuries to or death of workmen are repealed, and the injury or death has not previously been compensated by lump payment...



This chapter shall not be construed as having repealed the sections of the statutes commonly known as the employers' liability law. ...



Text of 23-1028.01 as amended, renumbered as the result of revision A. Except as provided in subsection B of this section, beginning on December 1, 1997, payment of compensation under...



A. Every employee of an employer within the provisions of this chapter who is injured by accident arising out of and in the course of employment, or his dependents in the event of his death,...



All hernias are considered injuries within the provisions of this chapter causing incapacitating conditions or permanent disability, and until otherwise ordered by the commission, the...



A. A heart-related or perivascular injury, illness or death shall not be considered a personal injury by accident arising out of and in the course of employment and is not compensable pursuant...



A. A claim for a condition, infection, disease or disability involving or related to the human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome shall include the occurrence of...



A. A claim for a condition, infection, disease or disability involving or related to hepatitis C shall include the occurrence of a significant exposure as defined in this section and, except...



A. For temporary total disability the following compensation shall be paid: 1. Compensation of sixty-six and two-thirds per cent of the average monthly wage shall be paid during the period...



Effective retroactively to from and after February 28, 1999 A. In case of an injury causing death, the compensation therefor shall be known as a death benefit and shall be payable in the...



A. In cases of permanent partial disability under section 23-1044, Subsection B, paragraph 22 and Subsections C and F, when the physical condition of the injured employee becomes stationary, or...



Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prevent a workman, whose injury or disability has been established to the satisfaction of the commission, from relying in good faith on treatment...



A. Promptly, upon notice to the employer, every injured employee shall receive medical, surgical and hospital benefits or other treatment, nursing, medicine, surgical supplies, crutches and...



Compensation to a dependent widow or widower shall be for the use and benefit of the widow or widower and the dependent children, and the commission may, upon proper application at any time...



A. The following persons are conclusively presumed to be totally dependent for support upon a deceased employee: 1. A wife upon a husband whom she has not voluntarily abandoned at the time...



A. Compensation, whether determined or not, is not, prior to the delivery of the warrant therefor, assignable. B. Except as provided in subsection D of this section, compensation is exempt...



A. In proceedings before the commission in which an attorney employed by the claimant has rendered services reasonably necessary in processing the claim, the commission shall, upon...



A. An employer, other than the state or a political subdivision thereof, who secures compensation to his employees in the manner provided in either subsection A, paragraph 1, or subsection...



A. If a request for hearing filed in connection with a change of physician under section 23-1070 alleges, by affidavit, that immediate and irreparable injury, loss or damage will result if...



A. No employee may leave the state of Arizona for a period exceeding two weeks while the necessity of having medical treatment continues, without the written approval of the commission....



A. On filing a claim for compensation for death from an industrial injury or occupational disease where in the opinion of the commission it is necessary to ascertain accurately and...



The commission appointed pursuant to the provisions of chapter 1 of this title shall process all claims for injuries or disabling conditions which occurred prior to January 1, 1969 to the entry...


A. The administrative fund is established to provide for all expenses of the industrial commission in carrying out its powers and duties under the provisions of this title. Except for monies...


A. An insurer may decline to issue a workers' compensation or occupational disease policy to an employer. An employer who is refused coverage by the state compensation fund and two or more...


No person shall be denied the opportunity to obtain or retain employment because of nonmembership in a labor organization, nor shall the state or any subdivision thereof, or any...



A. Any act or provision in an agreement which is in violation of this article is illegal and void. B. Any strike or picketing to force or induce an employer to make an agreement orally or...



It is unlawful for an employee, labor organization, or officer, agent or member thereof, by any threatened or actual interference with the person, his immediate family or his property, to...



A combination or conspiracy by two or more persons to cause the discharge of any person or to cause him to be denied employment because he is not a member of a labor organization by inducing...



A person who violates any provision of this article, or who enters into an agreement containing a provision declared illegal by this article, or who brings about the discharge of or denial...



A person injured or threatened with injury by an act declared illegal by this article shall, notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, be entitled to injunctive relief therefrom. ...



In this article, unless the context otherwise requires: 1. Labor organization means an organization of any kind, or an agency or employee representation committee or plan in which...



It is unlawful for a labor organization to picket any establishment unless there exists between the employer and the majority of employees of such establishment a bona fide dispute regarding...



A. The picketing of an establishment when a bona fide dispute does not exist between the employer and the majority of employees, and engaging in a secondary boycott, are illegal and a...



Any person who violates any provision of this article is guilty of a class 2 misdemeanor. Any fine levied shall be recovered by the attorney general or under his direction in the name of...



A. A person commits blacklisting if he knowingly exchanges, solicits or gives out any labor blacklist. B. A person who commits blacklisting is guilty of a class 2 misdemeanor. ...



It is hereby declared to be the policy of this state that the uninterrupted production, packing, processing, transporting and marketing of agricultural products are vital to the public...



A. Agricultural employees have the right to self-organization, to bargain directly for themselves, and to form and join or assist labor organizations to bargain collectively...



An agricultural employer has the following management rights: 1. To manage, control and conduct his operations, including but not limited to the number of farms and their locations, methods...



A. An agricultural employment relations board is established that consists of seven members. B. The governor shall appoint the members of the board. Two of the members shall be appointed...



A. The board may appoint an executive secretary and such attorneys and other employees as it may from time to time find necessary for the proper performance of its duties. Compensation for...



A. The board, or its duly authorized agent or agencies, shall have access to, at all reasonable times, for the purpose of examination, and the right to copy any evidence of any person...



Any person who knowingly resists, prevents, impedes or interferes with any member of the board or any of its agents or agencies in the performance of duties pursuant to this article or...



A. Any person who is aggrieved or is injured in his business or property by reason of any violation of this article, or a violation of an injunction issued as provided in this section, may sue...



This article applies only to such persons, labor organizations or activities as are not within the jurisdiction of the national labor relations act or the jurisdictional guidelines established...



A. Public safety employees serving any city, town, county or fire district in this state have the right to join employee associations which comply with the laws of this state and have freedom...






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