US Labor Code


This page offers the National Labor Relations Act. This information is provided for informational purposes only. The data was compiled from reliable sources in October 2003. You are not to rely on this information as legal advice and must seek competent legal assistance. Please see Terms of Service.
The general design and duties of the Bureau of Labor Statistics shall be to acquire and diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected...


The Bureau of Labor Statistics, under the direction of the Secretary of Labor, shall collect, collate, and report at least once each year, or oftener if necessary, full and complete ...


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The Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor is authorized and directed to make continuing studies of productivity and labor costs in the...


The Bureau of Labor Statistics shall be under the charge of a Commissioner of Labor Statistics, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of...


It shall be the duty of the Commissioner of Labor Statistics to ascertain the effect of the customs laws, and the effect thereon of the state of the currency, in the United States,...


The Commissioner of Labor Statistics is authorized to prepare and publish a bulletin of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, as to the condition of labor in this and other...


The Commissioner of Labor Statistics shall annually make a report in writing to the President and Congress, of the information collected and collated by him, and containing...


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The Department of Labor, in cooperation with the Department of Commerce, shall develop methods for improving and expanding the collection, analysis, and publication of...


The Department of Labor is authorized, within the discretion of the Secretary of Labor, upon the written request of any person, to make special statistical studies relating...


All moneys hereinafter (FOOTNOTE 1) received by the Department of Labor in payment of the cost of such work shall be deposited to the credit of the appropriation of that...


The Secretary of Labor shall prescribe rules and regulations for the enforcement of sections 9 and 9a of this title. ...


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(a) Standards for labor-management relations The Congress finds that, in the public interest, it continues to be the responsibility of the Federal Government to protect ...


For the purposes of this chapter - (a) ''Commerce'' means trade, traffic, commerce, transportation, transmission, or communication among the several States or between any...


(a)(1) Equal rights Every member of a labor organization shall have equal rights and privileges within such organization to nominate candidates, to vote in elections...


Any person whose rights secured by the provisions of this subchapter have been infringed by any violation of this subchapter may bring a civil action in a district court of the...


Nothing contained in this subchapter shall limit the rights and remedies of any member of a labor organization under any State or Federal law or before any court or other tribunal,...


It shall be the duty of the secretary or corresponding principal officer of each labor organization, in the case of a local labor organization, to forward a copy of each...


Every labor organization shall inform its members concerning the provisions of this chapter. ...


(a) Adoption and filing of constitution and bylaws; contents of report Every labor organization shall adopt a constitution and bylaws and shall file a copy thereof with...


(a) Filing; contents of report Every officer of a labor organization and every employee of a labor organization (other than an employee performing exclusively clerical...


(a) Filing and contents of report of payments, loans, promises, agreements, or arrangements Every employer who in any fiscal year made - (1) any payment or loan, direct...


Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to require an attorney who is a member in good standing of the bar of any State, to include in any report required to be...


(a) Publication; statistical and research purposes The contents of the reports and documents filed with the Secretary pursuant to sections 431, 432, 433, and 441 of this title ...


Every person required to file any report under this subchapter shall maintain records on the matters required to be reported which will provide in sufficient detail the...


(a) Each labor organization shall file the initial report required under section 431(a) of this title within ninety days after the date on which it first becomes subject to...


The Secretary shall have authority to issue, amend, and rescind rules and regulations prescribing the form and publication of reports required to be filed under this subchapter...


(a) Willful violations of provisions of subchapter Any person who willfully violates this subchapter shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year,...


Whenever it shall appear that any person has violated or is about to violate any of the provisions of this subchapter, the Secretary may bring a civil action for such...


Each surety company which issues any bond required by this chapter or the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.) shall file annually with...


(a) Filing and contents; annual financial report Every labor organization which has or assumes trusteeship over any subordinate labor organization shall file with the Secretary ...


Trusteeships shall be established and administered by a labor organization over a subordinate body only in accordance with the constitution and bylaws of the organization which...


(a) During any period when a subordinate body of a labor organization is in trusteeship, it shall be unlawful (1) to count the vote of delegates from such body in any convention...


(a) Complaint; investigation; commencement of action by Secretary, member or subordinate body of labor organization; jurisdiction Upon the written complaint of any member...


The Secretary shall submit to the Congress at the expiration of three years from September 14, 1959, a report upon the operation of this subchapter. ...


The rights and remedies provided by this subchapter shall be in addition to any and all other rights and remedies at law or in equity: Provided, That upon the filing of a complaint...


(a) Officers of national or international labor organizations; manner of election Every national or international labor organization, except a federation of national...


(a) Filing of complaint; presumption of validity of challenged election A member of a labor organization - (1) who has exhausted the remedies available under the ...


No labor organization shall be required by law to conduct elections of officers with greater frequency or in a different form or manner than is required by its own constitution...


(a) Duties of officers; exculpatory provisions and resolutions void The officers, agents, shop stewards, and other representatives of a labor organization occupy positions of trust...


(a) Every officer, agent, shop steward, or other representative or employee of any labor organization (other than a labor organization whose property and annual financial receipts...


(a) Direct and indirect loans No labor organization shall make directly or indirectly any loan or loans to any officer or employee of such organization which results in a...


(a) Membership in Communist Party; persons convicted of robbery, bribery, etc. No person who is or has been a member of the Communist Party or who has been convicted of,...


(a) The Secretary shall have power when he believes it necessary in order to determine whether any person has violated or is about to violate any provision of this chapter...


(a) It shall be unlawful to carry on picketing on or about the premises of any employer for the purpose of, or as part of any conspiracy or in furtherance of any plan or purpose...


(a) Except as explicitly provided to the contrary, nothing in this chapter shall reduce or limit the responsibilities of any labor organization or any officer, agent, shop steward,...


Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to impair or diminish the authority of any State to enact and enforce general criminal laws with respect to robbery, bribery,...


Notwithstanding this or any other Act regulating labor-management relations, each State shall have the authority to enact and enforce, as part of a comprehensive statutory system...


For the purposes of this chapter, service of summons, subpena, or other legal process of a court of the United States upon an officer or agent of a labor organization in his...


The provisions of subchapter II of chapter 5, and chapter 7, of title 5 shall be applicable to the issuance, amendment, or rescission of any rules or regulations, or any...


In order to avoid unnecessary expense and duplication of functions among Government agencies, the Secretary may make such arrangements or agreements for cooperation or...


No person shall be punished for any criminal contempt allegedly committed outside the immediate presence of the court in connection with any civil action prosecuted by the...


It shall be unlawful for any labor organization, or any officer, agent, shop steward, or other representative of a labor organization, or any employee thereof to fine, suspend,...


It shall be unlawful for any person through the use of force or violence, or threat of the use of force or violence, to restrain, coerce, or intimidate, or attempt to...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application of such provision to any person or circumstances, shall be held invalid, the remainder of this chapter or the application of...


There shall be an executive department in the Government to be called the Department of Labor, with a Secretary of Labor, who shall be the head thereof, to be appointed by...


There is established in the Department of Labor the office of Deputy Secretary of Labor, which shall be filled by appointment by the President, by and with the advice and consent...


There are established in the Department of Labor nine offices of Assistant Secretary of Labor, which shall be filled by appointment by the President, by and with the advice...


There shall be in the Department of Labor not more than two assistants to the Secretary, who shall be appointed by the President and shall perform such duties as may be prescribed...


There shall be a solicitor for the Department of Labor. ...


There shall be in said department a chief clerk and such other clerical assistants, inspectors, and special agents as may from time to time be provided for by Congress. ...


The following-named offices, bureaus, divisions, and branches of the public service, and all that pertains to the same, shall be under the jurisdiction and supervision of...


There is established in the Department of Labor a Mine Safety and Health Administration to be headed by an Assistant Secretary of Labor for Mine Safety and Health appointed by...


Beginning in fiscal year 2001, there is established in the Department of Labor an office of disability employment policy which shall, under the overall direction of the...


The Secretary of Labor shall have charge in the buildings or premises occupied by or appropriated to the Department of Labor, of the library, furniture, fixtures, records, and...


Where any office, bureau, or branch of the public service transferred to the Department of Labor by this Act is occupying rented buildings or premises, it may continue to do so...


The Secretary of Labor shall annually, at the close of each fiscal year, prepare and submit to Congress the financial statements of the Department that have been audited. He shall ...


The official records and papers on file in and pertaining exclusively to the business of any bureau, office, department, or branch of the public service in this Act transferred...


All laws prescribing the work and defining the duties of the several bureaus, offices, departments, or branches of the public service by this Act transferred to and made a part...


There is established a working capital fund, to be available without fiscal year limitation, for expenses necessary for the maintenance and operation of (1) a central...


There is appropriated for expenses necessary during the fiscal year ending September 30, 1994, and each fiscal year thereafter, for the maintenance and operation of a...


The Working Capital Fund of the Department of Labor shall be available on and after March 5, 1970, for expenses necessary for personnel functions in regional administrative offices. ...


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(a) Establishment The Secretary of Labor shall establish a program through which the Secretary shall provide grants to, or enter into contracts with, employers to enable...


Appropriations in this Act or subsequent Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Acts available for salaries and...


The Secretary of Labor is authorized to accept, in the name of the Department of Labor, and employ or dispose of in furtherance of authorized activities of the Department of...


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(a) The Congress hereby finds and declares that - (1) in the face of rising productivity and affluence, older workers find themselves disadvantaged in their efforts to retain ...


(a) The Secretary of Labor shall undertake studies and provide information to labor unions, management, and the general public concerning the needs and abilities of older workers,...


(a) Employer practices It shall be unlawful for an employer - (1) to fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual or otherwise discriminate against any...


(a)(1) The Secretary of Labor is directed to undertake an appropriate study of institutional and other arrangements giving rise to involuntary retirement, and report his findings...


The Secretary shall have the power - (a) Delegation of functions; appointment of personnel; technical assistance to make delegations, to appoint such agents...


(a) Attendance of witnesses; investigations, inspections, records, and homework regulations The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission shall have the power to...


Every employer, employment agency, and labor organization shall post and keep posted in conspicuous places upon its premises a notice to be prepared or approved by the...


In accordance with the provisions of subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission may issue such rules and regulations as it may...


Whoever shall forcibly resist, oppose, impede, intimidate or interfere with a duly authorized representative of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission while it is engaged in...


For the purposes of this chapter - (a) The term ''person'' means one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, labor organizations, corporations, business trust,...


(a) Individuals at least 40 years of age The prohibitions in this chapter shall be limited to individuals who are at least 40 years of age. (b) Employees or applicants...


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(a) Federal action superseding State action Nothing in this chapter shall affect the jurisdiction of any agency of any State performing like functions with regard to ...


(a) Federal agencies affected All personnel actions affecting employees or applicants for employment who are at least 40 years of age (except personnel actions with regard...


There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this chapter. ...


(a) The Congress finds that personal injuries and illnesses arising out of work situations impose a substantial burden upon, and are a hindrance to, interstate commerce in terms...


For the purposes of this chapter - (1) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Labor. (2) The term ''Commission'' means the Occupational Safety and Health...


(a) This chapter shall apply with respect to employment performed in a workplace in a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands,...


(a) Each employer - (1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are...


(a) Promulgation by Secretary of national consensus standards and established Federal standards; time for promulgation; conflicting standards Without regard to chapter...


(a) National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health; establishment; membership; appointment; Chairman; functions; meetings; compensation; secretarial and...


(a) Authority of Secretary to enter, inspect, and investigate places of employment; time and manner In order to carry out the purposes of this chapter, the Secretary,...


(a) Authority to issue; grounds; contents; notice in lieu of citation for de minimis violations If, upon inspection or investigation, the Secretary or his ...


(a) Notification of employer of proposed assessment of penalty subsequent to issuance of citation; time for notification of Secretary by employer of contest by employer...


(a) Filing of petition by persons adversely affected or aggrieved; orders subject to review; jurisdiction; venue; procedure; conclusiveness of record and findings...


(a) Establishment; membership; appointment; Chairman The Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission is hereby established. The Commission shall be composed of three...


(a) Petition by Secretary to restrain imminent dangers; scope of order The United States district courts shall have jurisdiction, upon petition of the Secretary, to...


Except as provided in section 518(a) of title 28 relating to litigation before the Supreme Court, the Solicitor of Labor may appear for and represent the Secretary in any...


All information reported to or otherwise obtained by the Secretary or his representative in connection with any inspection or proceeding under this chapter which contains or...


The Secretary, on the record, after notice and opportunity for a hearing may provide such reasonable limitations and may make such rules and regulations allowing...


(a) Willful or repeated violation Any employer who willfully or repeatedly violates the requirements of section 654 of this title, any standard, rule, or order...


(a) Assertion of State standards in absence of applicable Federal standards Nothing in this chapter shall prevent any State agency or court from asserting jurisdiction...


(a) Establishment, development, and maintenance by head of each Federal agency It shall be the responsibility of the head of each Federal agency (not including the...


(a) Authority of Secretary of Health and Human Services to conduct research, experiments, and demonstrations, develop plans, establish criteria, promulgate...


(a) Authority of Secretary of Health and Human Services to conduct education and informational programs; consultations The Secretary of Health and Human Services,...


(a) Statement of purpose It is the purpose of this section to establish a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in the Department of Health and Human Services...


(a) Short title This section may be cited as the ''Workers' Family Protection Act''. (b) Findings and purpose (1) Findings Congress finds that - ...


(a) Designation of State agency to assist State in identifying State needs and responsibilities and in developing State plans The Secretary is authorized, during the fiscal...


(a) Development and maintenance of program of collection, compilation, and analysis; employments subject to coverage; scope In order to further the purposes of...


(a) Each recipient of a grant under this chapter shall keep such records as the Secretary or the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall prescribe, including records which...


Within one hundred and twenty days following the convening of each regular session of each Congress, the Secretary and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall each...


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If any provision of this chapter, or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance, shall be held invalid, the remainder of this chapter, or the application of...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this chapter for each fiscal year such sums as the Congress shall deem necessary. ...


(a) Findings; purpose; policy (1) Findings Congress finds that - (A) work - (i) is a valued activity, both for individuals and society; and ...


(a) Plan requirements (1) In general (A) Submission To be eligible to participate in programs under this subchapter, a State shall submit to the Commissioner...


(a) Eligibility (1) Criterion for eligibility An individual is eligible for assistance under this subchapter if the individual - (A) is an individual with...


(a) Vocational rehabilitation services for individuals Vocational rehabilitation services provided under this subchapter are any services described in an individualized plan...


For the purpose of determining the amount of payments to States for carrying out part B of this subchapter (or to an Indian tribe under part C of this subchapter), the...


(a) Establishment (1) In general Except as provided in section 721(a)(21)(A)(i) of this title, to be eligible to receive financial assistance under this subchapter...


(a) Establishment (1) In general (A) Establishment of standards and indicators The Commissioner shall, not later than July 1, 1999, establish and...


(a) In general (1) Duties In carrying out the duties of the Commissioner under this subchapter, the Commissioner shall - (A) provide for the annual review...


(a) Expenditure Amounts described in subsection (b) of this section may not be expended by a State for any purpose other than carrying out programs for which the State...


A State may expend payments received under section 731 of this title - (1) to carry out a program to train employers with respect to compliance with the requirements...


(a) Computation; additional amount; minimum amount; adjustments (1) Subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, for each fiscal year beginning before October 1,...


(a) Amount (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), from each State's allotment under this part for any fiscal year, the Commissioner shall pay to a State an amount equal to...


(a) Establishment of grant program From funds appropriated under subsection (h) of this section, the Secretary shall, in accordance with this section, make grants to States...


(a) Governing bodies of Indian tribes; amount; non-Federal share The Commissioner, in accordance with the provisions of this part, may make grants to the governing bodies of...


(a) In general (1) Memorandum of understanding The Secretary of Education and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall enter into a memorandum of understanding for ...


The purpose of this subchapter is to - (1) provide for research, demonstration projects, training, and related activities to maximize the full inclusion and integration ...


(a) There are authorized to be appropriated - (1) for the purpose of providing for the expenses of the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research ...


(a) Establishment; Director as principal officer (1) There is established within the Department of Education a National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research ...


(a) Multiple and interrelated service needs of individuals with handicaps; report to Congress The Secretary of Education is authorized to make grants to, and to enter...


(a) Establishment; membership; meetings (1) In order to promote coordination and cooperation among Federal departments and agencies conducting rehabilitation research ...


(a) Federal grants and contracts for certain research projects and related activities (1) To the extent consistent with priorities established in the 5-year plan described...


(a) Establishment Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary shall establish in the Department of Education a Rehabilitation Research Advisory Council...


(a) Purpose It is the purpose of this subchapter to authorize grants and contracts to - (1)(A) provide academic training to ensure that skilled personnel are...


(a) Grants and contracts for personnel training (1) Authority The Commissioner shall make grants to, and enter into contracts with, States and public or nonprofit...


(a) Demonstration projects to increase client choice (1) Grants The Commissioner may make grants to States and public or nonprofit agencies and organizations to pay all...


(a) Grants (1) Authority The Commissioner, subject to the provisions of section 776 of this title, may make grants to eligible entities to pay up to 90 percent of...


(a) Grants (1) Authority (A) In general The Commissioner, subject to the provisions of section 776 of this title, shall make grants to States, public...


The Commissioner may require that recipients of grants under this subchapter submit information, including data, as determined by the Commissioner to be necessary to measure...


(a) Membership; purpose (1)(A) There is established within the Federal Government a National Council on Disability (hereinafter in this subchapter referred to as the...


(1) Council as independent agency within Federal Government Effective on February 22, 1984, the National Council on the Handicapped shall be an independent agency within the Federal ...


(a) In general The National Council shall - (1) provide advice to the Director with respect to the policies and conduct of the National Institute on Disability and ...


(a) Rate Members of the National Council shall be entitled to receive compensation at a rate equal to the rate of pay for level 4 of the Senior Executive Service Schedule...


(a) Executive Director; technical and professional employees (1) The Chairperson of the National Council may appoint and remove, without regard to the provisions of title 5...


(a) Bylaws and rules The National Council may prescribe such bylaws and rules as may be necessary to carry out its duties under this subchapter. (b) Hearings The...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subchapter such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2003. ...


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(a) Interagency Committee on Employees who are Individuals with Disabilities; establishment; membership; co-chairmen; availability of other Committee resources; purpose and ...


(a) Establishment; membership; chairperson; vice-chairperson; term of office; termination of membership; reappointment; compensation and travel expenses; bylaws;...


(a) Amount of contracts or subcontracts; provision for employment and advancement of qualified individuals with disabilities; regulations Any contract in excess of...


(a) Promulgation of rules and regulations No otherwise qualified individual with a disability in the United States, as defined in section 705(20) of this title, shall, solely ...


(a)(1) The remedies, procedures, and rights set forth in section 717 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e-16), including the application of sections 706(f) through...


(a) The Secretary may provide directly or by contract with State vocational rehabilitation agencies or experts or consultants or groups thereof, technical assistance - (1)...


(a) Establishment There is hereby established an Interagency Disability Coordinating Council (hereafter in this section referred to as the ''Council'') composed of the...


(a) Requirements for Federal departments and agencies (1) Accessibility (A) Development, procurement, maintenance, or use of electronic and information technology ...


(a) Purpose and construction (1) Purpose The purpose of this section is to support a system in each State to protect the legal and human rights of individuals with ...


(a) Purpose; award of grants; eligibility; agreements; evaluation; technical assistance (1) The purpose of this part is to create and expand job and career opportunities...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the provisions of this part, such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003. ...


It is the purpose of this part to authorize allotments, in addition to grants for vocational rehabilitation services under subchapter I of this chapter, to assist States...


(a) In general (1) States The Secretary shall allot the sums appropriated for each fiscal year to carry out this part among the States on the basis of ...


Funds provided under this part may be used to provide supported employment services to individuals who are eligible under this part. Funds provided under this part, or subchapter...


An individual shall be eligible under this part to receive supported employment services authorized under this chapter if - (1) the individual is eligible for...


(a) State plan supplements To be eligible for an allotment under this part, a State shall submit to the Commissioner, as part of the State plan under section 721 of this title,...


Each State agency designated under section 795k(b)(1) of this title shall collect the information required by section 721(a)(10) of this title separately for eligible...


(a) Supported employment services Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit a State from providing supported employment services in accordance with the State...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003. ...


The purpose of this part is to promote a philosophy of independent living, including a philosophy of consumer control, peer support, self-help, self-determination, equal access, and ...


As used in this part: (1) Center for independent living The term ''center for independent living'' means a consumer-controlled, community-based, cross-disability, ...


Services may be provided under this part to any individual with a significant disability, as defined in section 705(21)(B) of this title. ...


(a) In general (1) Requirement To be eligible to receive financial assistance under this part, a State shall submit to the Commissioner, and obtain approval of, ...


(a) Establishment To be eligible to receive financial assistance under this part, each State shall establish a Statewide Independent Living Council (referred to in this section...


(a) Approval of State plans (1) In general The Commissioner shall approve any State plan submitted under section 796c of this title that the Commissioner determines meets ...


(a) In general (1) States (A) Population basis Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), from sums appropriated for each fiscal year to carry out...


(a) Payments From the allotment of each State for a fiscal year under section 796e of this title, the State shall be paid the Federal share of the expenditures incurred...


The State may use funds received under this subpart to provide the resources described in section 796d(e) of this title, relating to the Statewide Independent Living Council, and...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subpart such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2003. ...


(a) In general From the funds appropriated for fiscal year 1999 and for each subsequent fiscal year to carry out this subpart, the Commissioner shall allot such sums as may...


(a) Establishment (1) In general Unless the director of a designated State unit awards grants under section 796f-2 of this title to eligible agencies in a State for...


(a) Establishment (1) In general (A) Initial year (i) Determination The director of a designated State unit, as provided in paragraph (2), or...


A State that receives assistance for fiscal year 1993 with respect to a center in accordance with subsection (a) of this section (as in effect on the day before August 7, 1998) may ...


(a) In general Each center for independent living that receives assistance under this subpart shall comply with the standards set out in subsection (b) of this section and...


As used in this subpart, the term ''eligible agency'' means a consumer-controlled, community-based, cross-disability, nonresidential private nonprofit agency. ...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subpart such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2003. ...


For purposes of this part, the term ''older individual who is blind'' means an individual age 55 or older whose significant visual impairment makes competitive employment...


(a) In general (1) Authority for grants Subject to subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the Commissioner may make grants to States for the purpose of providing...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2003. ...


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(a) Benefit plans as affecting interstate commerce and the Federal taxing power The Congress finds that the growth in size, scope, and numbers of employee benefit plans...


(a) Effects of multiemployer pension plans The Congress finds that - (1) multiemployer pension plans have a substantial impact on interstate commerce and are affected with...


(a) Findings The Congress finds that - (1) single-employer defined benefit pension plans have a substantial impact on interstate commerce and are affected with a ...


For purposes of this subchapter: (1) The terms ''employee welfare benefit plan'' and ''welfare plan'' mean any plan, fund, or program which was heretofore or is ...


(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section and in sections 1051, 1081, and 1101 of this title, this subchapter shall apply to any employee benefit plan if it...


(a) Summary plan description and information to be furnished to participants and beneficiaries The administrator of each employee benefit plan shall cause to be furnished...


(a) A summary plan description of any employee benefit plan shall be furnished to participants and beneficiaries as provided in section 1024(b) of this title. The summary...


(a) Publication and filing (1)(A) An annual report shall be published with respect to every employee benefit plan to which this part applies. Such report shall be filed with...


(a) Filing of annual report with Secretary (1) The administrator of any employee benefit plan subject to this part shall file with the Secretary the annual report for a plan...


(a) Statement furnished by administrator to participants and beneficiaries Each administrator of an employee pension benefit plan shall furnish to any plan participant...


(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the contents of the annual reports, statements, and other documents filed with the Secretary pursuant to this part shall...


Every person subject to a requirement to file any report or to certify any information therefor under this subchapter or who would be subject to such a requirement but for...


In any criminal proceeding under section 1131 of this title, based on any act or omission in alleged violation of this part or section 1112 of this title, no person shall be...


(a) Information required on forms Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary may require that any information required under this subchapter to...


(a) The Secretary on his own motion or after having received the petition of an administrator may prescribe an alternative method for satisfying any requirement of this part...


(a)(1) The Welfare and Pension Plans Disclosure Act (29 U.S.C. 301 et seq.) is repealed except that such Act shall continue to apply to any conduct and events which occurred...


This part shall apply to any employee benefit plan described in section 1003(a) of this title (and not exempted under section 1003(b) of this title) other than - (1)...


(a)(1)(A) No pension plan may require, as a condition of participation in the plan, that an employee complete a period of service with the employer or employers maintaining the plan ...


(a) Nonforfeitability requirements Each pension plan shall provide that an employee's right to his normal retirement benefit is nonforfeitable upon the attainment of ...


(a) Satisfaction of requirements by pension plans Each pension plan shall satisfy the requirements of subsection (b)(3) of this section, and - (1) in the case of a...


(a) Required contents for applicable plans Each pension plan to which this section applies shall provide that - (1) in the case of a vested participant who does not...


(a) Commencement date for payment of benefits Each pension plan shall provide that unless the participant otherwise elects, the payment of benefits under the plan to the ...


In the case of any plan maintained on January 1, 1974, if not later than 2 years after September 2, 1974, the administrator petitions the Secretary, the Secretary may prescribe...


A pension plan may not merge or consolidate with, or transfer its assets or liabilities to, any other plan after September 2, 1974, unless each participant in the plan would (if...


(a)(1) Except as provided by paragraph (2) every employer shall, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary, maintain records with respect to each of his...


(a) Plan maintained by more than one employer Notwithstanding any other provision of this part or part 3, the following provisions of this subsection shall apply to a plan ...


(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, this part shall apply in the case of plan years beginning after September 2, 1974. (b)(1) Except as otherwise provided...


(a) Plans excepted from applicability of this part This part shall apply to any employee pension benefit plan described in section 1003(a) of this title, (and not exempted under ...


(a) Avoidance of accumulated funding deficiency (1) Every employee pension benefit plan subject to this part shall satisfy the minimum funding standard (or the alternative ...


(a) Waiver of requirements in event of business hardship If an employer, or in the case of a multi-employer plan, 10 percent or more of the number of employers contributing to...


(a) Determinations by Secretary in granting extension The period of years required to amortize any unfunded liability (described in any clause of subsection (b)(2)(B) of section...


(a) Maintenance of account A plan which uses a funding method that requires contributions in all years not less than those required under the entry age normal funding method...


(a) Security may be required (1) In general Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary of the Treasury may require an employer maintaining a ...


(a) In general If - (1) a defined benefit plan (other than a multiemployer plan) to which the requirements of section 1082 of this title apply adopts an amendment...


(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, this part shall apply in the case of plan years beginning after September 2, 1974. (b) Except as otherwise provided in...


(a) Scope of coverage This part shall apply to any employee benefit plan described in section 1003(a) of this title (and not exempted under section 1003(b) of this title),...


(a) Named fiduciaries (1) Every employee benefit plan shall be established and maintained pursuant to a written instrument. Such instrument shall provide for one or more...


(a) Benefit plan assets to be held in trust; authority of trustees Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, all assets of an employee benefit plan shall be held in...


(a) Prudent man standard of care (1) Subject to sections 1103(c) and (d), 1342, and 1344 of this title, a fiduciary shall discharge his duties with respect to a plan solely in...


(a) Circumstances giving rise to liability In addition to any liability which he may have under any other provisions of this part, a fiduciary with respect to a plan shall ...


(a) Transactions between plan and party in interest Except as provided in section 1108 of this title: (1) A fiduciary with respect to a plan shall not cause the plan ...


(a) Percentage limitation Except as otherwise provided in this section and section 1114 of this title: (1) A plan may not acquire or hold - (A) any employer...


(a) Grant of exemptions The Secretary shall establish an exemption procedure for purposes of this subsection. Pursuant to such procedure, he may grant a conditional...


(a) Any person who is a fiduciary with respect to a plan who breaches any of the responsibilities, obligations, or duties imposed upon fiduciaries by this subchapter shall...


(a) Except as provided in sections 1105(b)(1) and 1105(d) of this title, any provision in an agreement or instrument which purports to relieve a fiduciary from responsibility...


(a) Conviction or imprisonment No person who has been convicted of, or has been imprisoned as a result of his conviction of, robbery, bribery, extortion, embezzlement,...


(a) Requisite bonding of plan officials Every fiduciary of an employee benefit plan and every person who handles funds or other property of such a plan (hereafter in this ...


No action may be commenced under this subchapter with respect to a fiduciary's breach of any responsibility, duty, or obligation under this part, or with respect to a violation...


(a) Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section, this part shall take effect on January 1, 1975. (b)(1) The provisions of this part authorizing the...


Any person who willfully violates any provision of part 1 of this subtitle, or any regulation or order issued under any such provision, shall upon conviction be fined not more...


(a) Persons empowered to bring a civil action A civil action may be brought - (1) by a participant or beneficiary - (A) for the relief provided for in subsection (c)...


In accordance with regulations of the Secretary, every employee benefit plan shall - (1) provide adequate notice in writing to any participant or beneficiary whose claim...


(a) Investigation and submission of reports, books, etc. The Secretary shall have the power, in order to determine whether any person has violated or is about to violate any...


Subject to subchapter II of this chapter and section 1029 of this title, the Secretary may prescribe such regulations as he finds necessary or appropriate to carry out the...


(a) Coordination with other agencies and departments In order to avoid unnecessary expense and duplication of functions among Government agencies, the Secretary may make such ...


(a) Subchapter II of chapter 5, and chapter 7, of title 5 (relating to administrative procedure), shall be applicable to this subchapter. (b) Omitted. (c) No employee...


There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to enable the Secretary to carry out his functions and duties under this chapter. ...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application of such provision to any person or circumstances, shall be held invalid, the remainder of this chapter, or the application of...


It shall be unlawful for any person to discharge, fine, suspend, expel, discipline, or discriminate against a participant or beneficiary for exercising any right to which he...


It shall be unlawful for any person through the use of fraud, force, violence, or threat of the use of force or violence, to restrain, coerce, intimidate, or attempt to...


(a) Establishment; membership; terms; appointment and reappointment; vacancies; quorum (1) There is hereby established an Advisory Council on Employee Welfare and...


(a) Authorization to undertake research and surveys (1) The Secretary is authorized to undertake research and surveys and in connection therewith to collect, compile, analyze and ...


(1) In general The Comptroller General of the United States may, pursuant to the request of any Member of Congress, study employee benefit plans, including the effects of...


(a) Supersedure; effective date Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the provisions of this subchapter and subchapter III of this chapter shall supersede any...


(a) In general For purposes of determining the status of a church plan that is a welfare plan under provisions of a State insurance law described in subsection (b) of...


Every employer who is obligated to make contributions to a multiemployer plan under the terms of the plan or under the terms of a collectively bargained agreement shall, to the...


(a) In general The Secretary shall maintain an ongoing program of outreach to the public designed to effectively promote retirement income savings by the public. (b) Methods ...


(a) Authority to call Summit Not later than July 15, 1998, the President shall convene a National Summit on Retirement Income Savings at the White House, to be co-hosted by...


(a) In general The plan sponsor of each group health plan shall provide, in accordance with this part, that each qualified beneficiary who would lose coverage under the plan as...


For purposes of section 1161 of this title, the term ''continuation coverage'' means coverage under the plan which meets the following requirements: (1) Type of...


For purposes of this part, the term ''qualifying event'' means, with respect to any covered employee, any of the following events which, but for the continuation coverage...


For purposes of this part - (1) In general The term ''applicable premium'' means, with respect to any period of continuation coverage of qualified beneficiaries, the ...


For purposes of this part - (1) Election period The term ''election period'' means the period which - (A) begins not later than the date on which coverage ...


(a) In general In accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary - (1) the group health plan shall provide, at the time of commencement of coverage under the...


For purposes of this part - (1) Group health plan The term ''group health plan'' means an employee welfare benefit plan providing medical care (as defined in...


The Secretary may prescribe regulations to carry out the provisions of this part. ...


(a) Group health plan coverage pursuant to medical child support orders (1) In general Each group health plan shall provide benefits in accordance with...


(a) Limitation on preexisting condition exclusion period; crediting for periods of previous coverage Subject to subsection (d) of this section, a group health plan, and...


(a) In eligibility to enroll (1) In general Subject to paragraph (2), a group health plan, and a health insurance issuer offering group health insurance coverage in ...


A group health plan which is a multiemployer plan or which is a multiple employer welfare arrangement may not deny an employer whose employees are covered under such a plan...


(a) Requirements for minimum hospital stay following birth (1) In general A group health plan, and a health insurance issuer offering group health insurance coverage,...


(a) In general (1) Aggregate lifetime limits In the case of a group health plan (or health insurance coverage offered in connection with such a plan) that provides ...


(a) In general A group health plan, and a health insurance issuer providing health insurance coverage in connection with a group health plan, that provides medical and...


(a) Continued applicability of State law with respect to health insurance issuers (1) In general Subject to paragraph (2) and except as provided in subsection (b)...


(a) General exception for certain small group health plans The requirements of this part (other than section 1185 of this title) shall not apply to any group health plan (and...


(a) Group health plan For purposes of this part - (1) In general The term ''group health plan'' means an employee welfare benefit plan to the extent that the...


The Secretary, consistent with section 104 of the Health Care Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, may promulgate such regulations as may be necessary or appropriate to...


(a) Additional material required of applicants Before issuing an advance determination of whether a pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan, a trust which is a part of such...


(a) Notification by Secretary of the Treasury to Secretary of Labor of issuance of a preliminary notice of intent to disqualify or of commencement of proceedings to...


(a) Notification to Secretary of Labor; opportunity to comment on imposition of tax under section 4975 of title 26; waiver; requests for investigations Unless...


(a) Whenever in this chapter or in any provision of law amended by this chapter the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Labor are required to carry out provisions...


The staffs of the Committee on Ways and Means and the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives, the Joint Committee on Taxation, and the Committee on...


(a) The Joint Pension, Profit-Sharing, and Employee Stock Ownership Plan Task Force shall, within 24 months after September 2, 1974, make a full study and review of - (1)...


(a) The Committee on Education and Labor and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance and the Committee on Labor and...


(a) Study and investigation by Secretary of Labor The Secretary of Labor shall, during the 2-year period beginning on September 2, 1974, conduct a full and complete study and ...


The Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of the Treasury shall, not later than the last day of the first calendar month beginning after September 2, 1974, establish a Joint Board...


(a) The Joint Board shall, by regulations, establish reasonable standards and qualifications for persons performing actuarial services with respect to plans in which this...


(a) For purposes of this subchapter, the term - (1) ''administrator'' means the person or persons described in paragraph (16) of section 1002 of this title; ...


(a) Establishment within Department of Labor There is established within the Department of Labor a body corporate to be known as the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation. ...


(a) Investigatory authority; audit of statistically significant number of terminating plans The corporation may make such investigations as it deems necessary to enforce...


...


(a) Establishment of four revolving funds on books of Treasury of the United States There are established on the books of the Treasury of the United States for revolving...


(a) Schedules for premium rates and bases for application; establishment, coverage, etc. (1) The corporation shall prescribe such schedules of premium rates and bases for...


(a) Premiums payable when due; accrual; waiver or reduction The designated payor of each plan shall pay the premiums imposed by the corporation under this subchapter with respect...


As soon as practicable after the close of each fiscal year the corporation shall transmit to the President and the Congress a report relative to the conduct of its business...


The corporation shall provide advice and assistance to individuals with respect to evaluating the economic desirability of establishing individual retirement accounts or other...


(a) Information required Each person described in subsection (b) of this section shall provide the corporation annually, on or before a date specified by the corporation...


(a) In general The plan administrator of a plan subject to the additional premium under section 1306(a)(3)(E) of this title shall provide, in a form and manner and at such time...


(a) Plans covered Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, this subchapter applies to any plan (including a successor plan) which, for a plan year - (1) is...


(a) Nonforfeitable benefits Subject to the limitations contained in subsection (b) of this section, the corporation shall guarantee, in accordance with this section, the...


(a) Benefits of covered plans subject to guarantee The corporation shall guarantee, in accordance with this section, the payment of all nonforfeitable benefits (other than benefits ...


(a) Notwithstanding sections 1322 and 1322a of this title, no person shall receive from the corporation pursuant to a guarantee by the corporation of basic benefits with respect to...


Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, a fiduciary of a plan to which section 1321 of this title applies is not in violation of the fiduciary's duties as a result of...


(a) General rules governing single-employer plan terminations (1) Exclusive means of plan termination Except in the case of a termination for which proceedings are ...


(a) Determinative factors Termination of a multiemployer plan under this section occurs as a result of - (1) the adoption after September 26, 1980, of a plan amendment ...


(a) Authority to institute proceedings to terminate a plan The corporation may institute proceedings under this section to terminate a plan whenever it determines that - ...


(a) Notification that event has occurred Within 30 days after the plan administrator or the contributing sponsor knows or has reason to know that a reportable event described...


(a) Order of priority of participants and beneficiaries In the case of the termination of a single-employer plan, the plan administrator shall allocate the assets of the...


(a) Authorization to recover benefits Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, the trustee is authorized to recover for the benefit of a plan from a participant...


The corporation and the plan administrator of any plan to be terminated under this subtitle shall furnish to the trustee such information as the corporation or the plan...


Whenever the corporation determines that a plan which is to be terminated under section 1341 or 1342 of this title, or which is in the process of being terminated under section...


(a) For purposes of this subchapter the termination date of a single-employer plan is - (1) in the case of a plan terminated in a standard termination in accordance with...


...


(a) General rule (1) Payment to the corporation A plan administrator satisfies section 1341(b)(3)(A) of this title in the case of a missing participant only if the plan ...


The corporation shall pay benefits under a single-employer plan terminated under this subchapter subject to the limitations and requirements of subtitle B of this subchapter....


(a) In general In any case in which a single-employer plan is terminated in a distress termination under section 1341(c) of this title or a termination otherwise instituted by...


(a) Single-employer plans with two or more contributing sponsors Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, the plan administrator of a single-employer plan which has...


(a) This section applies to all contributing sponsors of a single-employer plan which has two or more contributing sponsors at least two of whom are not under common control at...


For each plan year for which section 1321 of this title applies to a plan, the plan administrator shall file with the corporation, on a form prescribed by the corporation, an...


The plan administrator of each single-employer plan which has at least two contributing sponsors at least two of whom are not under common control shall notify, within 6 months...


The corporation is authorized to make arrangements with contributing sponsors and members of their controlled groups who are or may become liable under section 1362, 1363, or 1364...


(a) Creation of lien If any person liable to the corporation under section 1362, 1363, or 1364 of this title neglects or refuses to pay, after demand, the amount of such...


(a) Treatment of transactions to evade liability If a principal purpose of any person in entering into any transaction is to evade liability to which such person would be ...


(a) In general Any person who is with respect to a single-employer plan a fiduciary, contributing sponsor, member of a contributing sponsor's controlled group, participant,...


The corporation may assess a penalty, payable to the corporation, against any person who fails to provide any notice or other material information required under this...


(a) If an employer withdraws from a multiemployer plan in a complete withdrawal or a partial withdrawal, then the employer is liable to the plan in the amount determined under...


When an employer withdraws from a multiemployer plan, the plan sponsor, in accordance with this part, shall - (1) determine the amount of the employer's withdrawal ...


(a) Determinative factors For purposes of this part, a complete withdrawal from a multiemployer plan occurs when an employer - (1) permanently ceases to have an obligation...


(a) Complete or partial withdrawal not occurring as a result of sale and subsequent cessation of covered operations or cessation of obligation to contribute to...


(a) Determinative factors Except as otherwise provided in this section, there is a partial withdrawal by an employer from a plan on the last day of a plan year if for such...


(a) The amount of an employer's liability for a partial withdrawal, before the application of sections 1399(c)(1) and 1405 of this title, is equal to the product of - (1)...


(a) The corporation shall provide by regulation for the reduction or waiver of liability for a complete withdrawal in the event that an employer who has withdrawn from a...


(a) Obligation of employer for payments for partial withdrawal for plan years beginning after the second consecutive plan year following the partial withdrawal year;...


(a) Reduction of unfunded vested benefits allocable to employer withdrawn from plan Except in the case of a plan amended under subsection (b) of this section, the amount...


(a) An employer who withdraws from a plan in complete or partial withdrawal is not liable to the plan if the employer - (1) first had an obligation to contribute to the...


(a) Determination of amount of unfunded vested benefits allocable to employer withdrawn from plan The amount of the unfunded vested benefits allocable to an employer...


(a) ''Obligation to contribute'' defined For purposes of this part, the term ''obligation to contribute'' means an obligation to contribute arising - (1) under one or...


(a) Use by plan actuary in determining unfunded vested benefits of a plan for computing withdrawal liability of employer The corporation may prescribe by regulation...


(a) No plan rule or amendment adopted after January 31, 1981, under section 1389 or 1391(c) of this title may be applied without the employer's consent with respect to liability for...


The corporation may, by regulation, require the plan sponsor of a multiemployer plan to provide notice to the corporation when the withdrawal from the plan by any employer...


(a) Amount of withdrawal liability; determinative factors In the case of a plan described in subsection (b) of this section - (1) if an employer withdraws prior to...


(a) For the purpose of determining the amount of unfunded vested benefits allocable to an employer for a partial or complete withdrawal from a plan which occurs after September...


Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, an employer shall not be considered to have withdrawn from a plan solely because - (1) an employer ceases to exist by...


(a) Furnishing of information by employer to plan sponsor An employer shall, within 30 days after a written request from the plan sponsor, furnish such information as the...


(a) Amendment of covered multiemployer plan; procedures applicable Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, if an amendment to a multiemployer plan authorized by...


(a) Arbitration proceedings; matters subject to arbitration, procedures applicable, etc. (1) Any dispute between an employer and the plan sponsor of a multiemployer...


(a) Required supplemental program to reimburse for payments due from employers uncollectible as a result of employer involvement in bankruptcy case or proceedings; program ...


(a) Establishment of or participation in fund by plan sponsors The plan sponsors of multiemployer plans may establish or participate in a withdrawal liability payment fund. ...


A multiemployer plan may adopt rules providing for other terms and conditions for the satisfaction of an employer's withdrawal liability if such rules are consistent with this...


(a) Unfunded vested benefits allocable to employer in bona fide sale of assets of employer in arms-length transaction to unrelated party; maximum amount; determinative factors ...


(a) Authority of plan sponsor Unless otherwise provided in regulations prescribed by the corporation, a plan sponsor may not cause a multiemployer plan to merge with one or...


(a) General authority A transfer of assets or liabilities between, or a merger of, a multiemployer plan and a single-employer plan shall satisfy the requirements of this...


(a) Authority of corporation The corporation may order the partition of a multiemployer plan in accordance with this section. (b) Authority of plan sponsor upon application...


(a) Applicability and scope A transfer of assets from a multiemployer plan to another plan shall comply with asset-transfer rules which shall be adopted by the multiemployer...


(a) Authority to transfer from old plan to new plan pursuant to employee participation in another multiemployer plan after certified change of representative In any...


(a) Reorganization index of plan for plan year greater than zero A multiemployer plan is in reorganization for a plan year if the plan's reorganization index for that year is...


(a)(1) If - (A) a multiemployer plan is in reorganization for a plan year, and (B) section 1423 of this title would require an increase in contributions for...


(a) Maintenance of funding standard account; amount of accumulated funding deficiency (1) For any plan year for which a plan is in reorganization - (A) the plan...


(a) Applicability of overburden credit to determinations For purposes of determining the minimum contribution requirement under section 1423 of this title (before the application...


(a) Amendment of multiemployer plan in reorganization to reduce or eliminate accrued benefits attributable to employer contributions ineligible for guarantee of corporation; ...


(a) Suspension of payments of benefits; conditions, amount, etc. Notwithstanding sections 1053 and 1054 of this title, in any case in which benefit payments under an...


(a) Authority; procedure applicable; amount If, upon receipt of an application for financial assistance under section 1426(f) of this title or section 1441(d) of this title, the ...


(a) Amendment of plan by plan sponsor to reduce benefits, and suspension of benefit payments Notwithstanding sections 1053 and 1054 of this title, the plan sponsor of...


(a) Persons entitled to maintain actions (1) A plan fiduciary, employer, plan participant, or beneficiary, who is adversely affected by the act or omission of any party under ...


Any person who fails, without reasonable cause, to provide a notice required under this subtitle or any implementing regulations shall be liable to the corporation in an amount up...


(a) Authority, time, and criteria Within one year after September 26, 1980, a multiemployer plan may irrevocably elect, pursuant to procedures established by the corporation,...


(a) The provisions of this subchapter take effect on September 2, 1974. (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the corporation shall pay...


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There shall be established in the Department of Labor a bureau to be known as the Women's Bureau. ...


The Women's Bureau shall be in charge of a director, a woman, to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. ...


It shall be the duty of the Women's Bureau to formulate standards and policies which shall promote the welfare of wage-earning women, improve their working conditions, increase...


There shall be in the Women's Bureau an assistant director, to be appointed by the Secretary of Labor, who shall perform such duties as shall be prescribed by the director...


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It is the purpose of this chapter to remove the restraints on commerce caused by activities detrimental to migrant and seasonal agricultural workers; to require farm labor...


As used in this chapter - (1) The term ''agricultural association'' means any nonprofit or cooperative association of farmers, growers, or ranchers, incorporated...


(a) The following persons are not subject to this chapter: (1) Family business exemption. - Any individual who engages in a farm labor contracting activity on behalf of a...


(a) Persons engaged in any farm labor contracting activity No person shall engage in any farm labor contracting activity, unless such person has a certificate of registration...


The Secretary, after appropriate investigation and approval, shall issue a certificate of registration (including a certificate of registration as an employee of a farm...


(a) Grounds for refusal to issue or renew, suspension, or revocation of certificate In accordance with regulations, the Secretary may refuse to issue or renew, or may...


(a) Transfer or assignment prohibited A certificate of registration may not be transferred or assigned. (b) Expiration; renewals (1) Unless earlier suspended or revoked,...


During the period for which the certificate of registration is in effect, each farm labor contractor shall - (1) provide to the Secretary within thirty days a notice of ...


...


(a) Written disclosure requirements imposed upon recruiters Each farm labor contractor, agricultural employer, and agricultural association which recruits any migrant agricultural ...


(a) Payment of wages Each farm labor contractor, agricultural employer, and agricultural association which employs any migrant agricultural worker shall pay the wages owed to...


(a) Compliance with substantive Federal and State safety and health standards Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, each person who owns or controls a...


(a) Written disclosure requirements imposed upon recruiters (1) Each farm labor contractor, agricultural employer, and agricultural association which recruits any...


(a) Payment of wages Each farm labor contractor, agricultural employer, and agricultural association which employs any seasonal agricultural worker shall pay the wages owed...


(a) Mode of transportation subject to coverage (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section applies to the transportation of any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker. ...


No person shall utilize the services of any farm labor contractor to supply any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker unless the person first takes reasonable steps to...


Each farm labor contractor, without regard to any other provisions of this chapter, shall obtain at each place of employment and make available for inspection to every worker he ...


(a) Applicability to contracting activity or worker protection No farm labor contractor shall violate, without justification, the terms of any written agreements made with...


(a) Violations of chapter or regulations Any person who willfully and knowingly violates this chapter or any regulation under this chapter shall be fined not more than $1,000...


(a) Injunctive relief The Secretary may petition any appropriate district court of the United States for temporary or permanent injunctive relief if the Secretary determines...


(a) Civil money penalties for violations; criteria for assessment (1) Subject to paragraph (2), any person who commits a violation of this chapter or any regulation under...


(a) Maintenance of civil action in district court by aggrieved person Any person aggrieved by a violation of this chapter or any regulation under this chapter by a farm...


(a) Prohibited activities No person shall intimidate, threaten, restrain, coerce, blacklist, discharge, or in any manner discriminate against any migrant or seasonal...


Agreements by employees purporting to waive or to modify their rights under this chapter shall be void as contrary to public policy, except that a waiver or modification of rights...


The Secretary may issue such rules and regulations as are necessary to carry out this chapter, consistent with the requirements of chapter 5 of title 5. ...


(a) Investigation and inspection authority concerning places, records, etc. To carry out this chapter the Secretary, either pursuant to a complaint or otherwise, shall, as...


(a) Scope of agreements The Secretary may enter into agreements with Federal and State agencies (1) to use their facilities and services, (2) to delegate, subject to...


This chapter is intended to supplement State law, and compliance with this chapter shall not excuse any person from compliance with appropriate State law and regulation. ...


The Secretary may deny a certificate of registration to any farm labor contractor, as defined in this chapter, who has a judgment outstanding against him under the Farm...


The Congress finds that - (1) deaf-blindness is among the most severe of all forms of disabilities, and there is a great and continuing need for services and training...


(a) Administration by Secretary of Education The Secretary of Education shall continue to administer and support the Helen Keller National Center for Youths and Adults who ...


(a) The books and accounts of the Center shall be audited annually by an independent auditor in the manner prescribed by the Secretary and a report on each such audit shall...


(a) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the provisions of this chapter such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2003. Such sums...


For purposes of this chapter - (1) the terms ''Helen Keller National Center for Youths and Adults who are Deaf-Blind'' and ''Center'' mean the Helen Keller National...


This chapter shall not be construed as modifying or affecting any agreement between the Department of Education or any other department or agency of the United States and the...


(a) Establishment The Secretary and the Board of Directors of the Helen Keller National Center are authorized to establish the Helen Keller National Center Federal Endowment...


(a) In general To assist the Center in providing services to individuals who are deaf-blind, the Center may establish and maintain registries of such individuals in each of...


As used in this chapter: (1) Commerce The term ''commerce'' has the meaning provided by section 203(b) of this title. (2) Employer The term...


Except as provided in sections 2006 and 2007 of this title, it shall be unlawful for any employer engaged in or affecting commerce or in the production of goods for commerce - ...


The Secretary shall prepare, have printed, and distribute a notice setting forth excerpts from, or summaries of, the pertinent provisions of this chapter. Each employer shall...


(a) In general The Secretary shall - (1) issue such rules and regulations as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out this chapter; (2) cooperate with...


(a) Civil penalties (1) In general Subject to paragraph (2), any employer who violates any provision of this chapter may be assessed a civil penalty of not more...


(a) No application to governmental employers This chapter shall not apply with respect to the United States Government, any State or local government, or any political ...


(a) Test as basis for adverse employment action (1) Under ongoing investigations exemption Except as provided in paragraph (2), the exemption under subsection (d) of...


(a) In general A person, other than the examinee, may not disclose information obtained during a polygraph test, except as provided in this section. (b) Permitted...


Except as provided in subsections (a), (b), and (c) of section 2006 of this title, this chapter shall not preempt any provision of any State or local law or of any...


(a) Definitions As used in this chapter - (1) the term ''employer'' means any business enterprise that employs - (A) 100 or more employees, excluding...


(a) Notice to employees, State dislocated worker units, and local governments An employer shall not order a plant closing or mass layoff until the end of a 60-day period...


This chapter shall not apply to a plant closing or mass layoff if - (1) the closing is of a temporary facility or the closing or layoff is the result of the completion of...


(a) Civil actions against employers (1) Any employer who orders a plant closing or mass layoff in violation of section 2102 of this title shall be liable to each ...


The rights and remedies provided to employees by this chapter are in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other contractual or statutory rights and remedies of the employees, and...


It is the sense of Congress that an employer who is not required to comply with the notice requirements of section 2102 of this title should, to the extent possible, provide notice...


(a) The Secretary of Labor shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out this chapter. Such regulations shall, at a minimum, include interpretative...


The giving of notice pursuant to this chapter, if done in good faith compliance with this chapter, shall not constitute a violation of the National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C....


Two years after August 4, 1988, the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committee on Small Business of both the House and Senate, the Committee on Labor and Human Resources,...


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(a) Findings The Congress finds that - (1) American businesses now and for the remainder of the 20th century will face a dramatically different labor market than the ...


(a) In general With funds available to the Secretary of Labor to carry out the operations of the Department of Labor in fiscal year 1994 and subsequent fiscal years, the...


(a) In general With funds appropriated to carry out this section, the Secretary shall make grants to community-based organizations to provide technical assistance to employers...


(a) In general Each community-based organization that desires to receive a grant to provide technical assistance under section 2503(a) of this title to employers and labor...


To be eligible to be selected under section 2503(b) of this title to receive technical assistance provided with grants made under section 2503(a) of this title, an employer or...


The Department of Labor shall serve as a liaison among employers, labor unions, and community-based organizations. The liaison role may include - (1) coordination...


(a) Study With funds available to the Secretary to carry out the operations of the Department of Labor in fiscal years 1994 and 1995, the Secretary shall conduct a study of...


For purposes of this chapter: (1) The term ''community-based organization'' means a community-based organization as defined in section 4(5) of the Job Training...


There is authorized to be appropriated $1,000,000 to carry out section 2503 of this title. ...


(a) Findings Congress finds that - (1) the number of single-parent households and two-parent households in which the single parent or both parents work is ...


As used in this subchapter: (1) Commerce The terms ''commerce'' and ''industry or activity affecting commerce'' mean any activity, business, or industry in commerce ...


(a) In general (1) Entitlement to leave Subject to section 2613 of this title, an eligible employee shall be entitled to a total of 12 workweeks of leave during any ...


(a) In general An employer may require that a request for leave under subparagraph (C) or (D) of section 2612(a)(1) of this title be supported by a certification issued by...


(a) Restoration to position (1) In general Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any eligible employee who takes leave under section 2612 of this ...


(a) Interference with rights (1) Exercise of rights It shall be unlawful for any employer to interfere with, restrain, or deny the exercise of or the attempt to...


(a) In general To ensure compliance with the provisions of this subchapter, or any regulation or order issued under this subchapter, the Secretary shall have, subject...


(a) Civil action by employees (1) Liability Any employer who violates section 2615 of this title shall be liable to any eligible employee affected - (A)...


(a) Application (1) In general Except as otherwise provided in this section, the rights (including the rights under section 2614 of this title, which shall...


(a) In general Each employer shall post and keep posted, in conspicuous places on the premises of the employer where notices to employees and applicants for employment...


There is established a commission to be known as the Commission on Leave (referred to in this subchapter as the ''Commission''). ...


The Commission shall - (1) conduct a comprehensive study of - (A) existing and proposed mandatory and voluntary policies relating to family and temporary...


(a) Composition (1) Appointments The Commission shall be composed of 12 voting members and 4 ex officio members to be appointed not later than 60 days after ...


(a) Pay Members of the Commission shall serve without compensation. (b) Travel expenses Members of the Commission shall be allowed reasonable travel expenses, including...


(a) Meetings The Commission shall first meet not later than 30 days after the date on which all members are appointed, and the Commission shall meet thereafter on the call of...


The Commission shall terminate 30 days after the date of the submission of the report of the Commission to Congress. ...


(a) Federal and State antidiscrimination laws Nothing in this Act or any amendment made by this Act shall be construed to modify or affect any Federal or State law prohibiting ...


(a) More protective Nothing in this Act or any amendment made by this Act shall be construed to diminish the obligation of an employer to comply with any collective...


Nothing in this Act or any amendment made by this Act shall be construed to discourage employers from adopting or retaining leave policies more generous than any policies that...


The Secretary of Labor shall prescribe such regulations as are necessary to carry out subchapter I of this chapter and this subchapter not later than 120 days after February...


The Congress finds and declares the following: (1) In an increasingly competitive world economy, the companies and nations that lead in the rapid development, ...


The purposes of this chapter are to - (1) improve the ability of workers and worker organizations to recognize, develop, assess, and improve strategies for ...


As used in this chapter: (1) Advanced workplace practices The term ''advanced workplace practices'' means innovations in work organization and performance,...


(a) In general The Secretary of Labor, after consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, shall, to the extent appropriations are available, award grants to eligible entities...


(a) In general (1) Information The Secretary, in cooperation and after consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, shall assist workers, worker organizations,...


(a) In general There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this chapter such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1995 through 1997. ...


...


...


In this chapter: (1) Adult Except in sections 2852 and 2862 of this title, the term ''adult'' means an individual who is age 18 or older. (2) Adult education;...


(a) In general The Governor of a State shall establish a State workforce investment board to assist in the development of the State plan described in section 2822 of this...


(a) In general For a State to be eligible to receive an allotment under section 2852 or 2862 of this title, or to receive financial assistance under the Wagner-Peyser Act...


(a) Designation of areas (1) In general (A) Process Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, and consistent with paragraphs (2), (3), and (4),...


(a) Establishment There shall be established in each local area of a State, and certified by the Governor of the State, a local workforce investment board, to set policy for...


(a) In general Each local board shall develop and submit to the Governor a comprehensive 5-year local plan (referred to in this chapter as the ''local plan''), in partnership...


(a) In general Consistent with the State plan, the local board for a local area, with the agreement of the chief elected official for the local area, shall - (1)...


(a) Eligibility requirements (1) In general Except as provided in subsection (h) of this section, to be identified as an eligible provider of training services described ...


From funds allocated under paragraph (2)(A) or (3) of section 2853(b) of this title to a local area, the local board for such area shall identify eligible providers of...


The Secretary shall make an allotment under section 2852(b)(1)(C) of this title to each State that meets the requirements of section 2822 of this title and a grant to each...


(a) In general The Secretary shall - (1) for each fiscal year in which the amount appropriated under section 2872(a) of this title exceeds $1,000,000,000, reserve a ...


(a) Reservations for State activities (1) In general The Governor of a State shall reserve not more than 15 percent of each of the amounts allotted to the State...


(a) Purposes The purposes of this section are - (1) to provide, to eligible youth seeking assistance in achieving academic and employment success, effective and ...


The Secretary shall make allotments under paragraphs (1)(B) and (2)(B) of section 2862(b) of this title to each State that meets the requirements of section 2822 of this title and...


(a) In general The Secretary shall - (1) make allotments and grants from the total amount appropriated under section 2872(b) of this title for a fiscal year...


(a) Reservations for State activities (1) Statewide workforce investment activities The Governor of a State shall make the reservation required under section 2853(a) of...


(a) Statewide employment and training activities (1) In general Funds reserved by a Governor for a State - (A) as described in section 2863(a)(2) of this title shall...


(a) Purpose The purpose of this section is to establish a comprehensive performance accountability system, comprised of the activities described in this section, to assess...


(a) Youth activities There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the activities described in section 2852(a) of this title, such sums as may be necessary for each...


The purpose of this subchapter is to provide workforce investment activities, through statewide and local workforce investment systems, that increase the employment, retention,...


The purposes of this subchapter are - (1) to maintain a national Job Corps program, carried out in partnership with States and communities, to assist eligible youth ...


In this subchapter: (1) Applicable local board The term ''applicable local board'' means a local board - (A) that provides information for a Job Corps center on...


There shall be within the Department of Labor a ''Job Corps''. ...


To be eligible to become an enrollee, an individual shall be - (1) not less than age 16 and not more than age 21 on the date of enrollment, except that - (A) not...


(a) Standards and procedures (1) In general The Secretary shall prescribe specific standards and procedures for the recruitment, screening, and selection of eligible ...


(a) Relationship between enrollment and military obligations Enrollment in the Job Corps shall not relieve any individual of obligations under the Military Selective Service Act...


(a) Operators and service providers (1) Eligible entities (A) Operators The Secretary shall enter into an agreement with a Federal, State, or local agency,...


(a) Activities provided by Job Corps centers (1) In general Each Job Corps center shall provide enrollees with an intensive, well organized, and fully supervised program...


(a) Counseling and testing The Secretary shall arrange for counseling and testing for each enrollee at regular intervals to measure progress in the education and...


(a) Personal allowances The Secretary may provide enrollees assigned to Job Corps centers with such personal allowances as the Secretary may determine to be necessary...


(a) In general The provisions of the contract between the Secretary and an entity selected to operate a Job Corps center shall, at a minimum, serve as an operating plan for...


(a) Provision and enforcement The Secretary shall provide, and directors of Job Corps centers shall stringently enforce, standards of conduct within the centers. Such...


(a) Business and Community Liaison Each Job Corps center shall have a Business and Community Liaison (referred to in this Act as a ''Liaison''), designated by the director of...


(a) In general Each Job Corps center shall have an industry council, appointed by the director of the center after consultation with the Liaison, in accordance with...


The Secretary may establish and use advisory committees in connection with the operation of the Job Corps program, and the operation of Job Corps centers, whenever the...


The Secretary may carry out experimental, research, or demonstration projects relating to carrying out the Job Corps program and may waive any provisions of this subchapter that the ...


(a) Enrollees not considered to be Federal employees (1) In general Except as otherwise provided in this subsection and in section 8143(a) of title 5, enrollees shall not...


(a) Enrollment The Secretary shall ensure that women and men have an equal opportunity to participate in the Job Corps program, consistent with section 2885 of this title. ...


(a) Financial management information system (1) In general The Secretary shall establish procedures to ensure that each operator, and each service provider, maintains...


The Secretary is authorized to - (1) disseminate, with regard to the provisions of section 3204 of title 39, data and information in such forms as the Secretary ...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subchapter such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2003. ...


(a) Purpose (1) In general The purpose of this section is to support employment and training activities for Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian individuals...


(a) In general Every 2 years, the Secretary shall, on a competitive basis, make grants to, or enter into contracts with, eligible entities to carry out the activities described...


(a) Authorization (1) In general The Secretary shall conduct, directly or through grants or contracts, programs to meet the needs for workforce investment ...


(a) Grants (1) In general Using funds made available under section 2852(b)(1)(A) of this title, the Secretary shall make grants to eligible local boards and...


(a) General technical assistance (1) In general The Secretary shall provide, coordinate, and support the development of, appropriate training, technical assistance, staff ...


(a) Strategic plan (1) In general After consultation with States, localities, and other interested parties, the Secretary shall, every 2 years, publish in the...


(1) In general (A) Funding The Secretary of Labor shall use funds available under section 1356(s)(2) of title 8 to establish demonstration programs or projects...


(a) Programs and activities carried out under this chapter For the purpose of improving the management and effectiveness of programs and activities carried out under this...


(a) In general The Secretary is authorized to award national emergency grants in a timely manner - (1) to an entity described in subsection (c) of this section to ...


(a) Native American programs; migrant and seasonal farmworker programs; veterans' workforce investment programs (1) In general Subject to paragraph (2), there...


(a) Use of fund The Secretary of Labor shall provide for grants to States to provide educational assistance and training for United States workers. The Secretary shall...


(a) Benefits (1) Wages (A) In general Individuals in on-the-job training or individuals employed in activities under this chapter shall be compensated at...


(a) Allotments based on latest available data All allotments to States and grants to outlying areas under this chapter shall be based on the latest available data and estimates ...


(a) In general The Secretary is authorized to monitor all recipients of financial assistance under this chapter to determine whether the recipients are complying with...


(a) Establishment of fiscal controls by States (1) In general Each State shall establish such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as may be necessary to assure...


(a) Reports (1) In general Recipients of funds under this chapter shall keep records that are sufficient to permit the preparation of reports required by this...


(a) In general Whenever any applicant for financial assistance under this chapter is dissatisfied because the Secretary has made a determination not to award financial...


(a) Review (1) Petition With respect to any final order by the Secretary under section 2936 of this title by which the Secretary awards, declines to award, or...


(a) In general (1) Federal financial assistance For the purpose of applying the prohibitions against discrimination on the basis of age under the Age Discrimination ...


(a) In general The Secretary may, in accordance with chapter 5 of title 5, prescribe rules and regulations to carry out this chapter only to the extent necessary to administer...


(a) References to Comprehensive Employment and Training Act Except as otherwise specified, a reference in a Federal law (other than a reference in a provision amended by the Reading ...


(a) Authority of State legislature Nothing in this chapter shall be interpreted to preclude the enactment of State legislation providing for the implementation, consistent...


(a) Plans A State may submit to the Secretary, and the Secretary may approve, a workforce flexibility plan under which the State is authorized to waive, in accordance with...


(a) In general Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Governor may authorize a public agency to make available, for the use of a one-stop service delivery system...


(a) In general Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Secretary may not deny approval of a State plan for a covered State, or an application of a covered...


Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the following conditions are applicable to all programs under this chapter: (1) Each program under this chapter shall...


(a) Findings Congress finds the following: (1) Disability is a natural part of the human experience and in no way diminishes the right of individuals to - (A)...


(a) Definitions In this chapter: (1) Advocacy services The term ''advocacy services'', except as used as part of the term ''protection and advocacy services'',...


(a) Grants to States (1) In general The Secretary shall award grants, in accordance with this section, to eligible States to support capacity building and ...


(a) Grants to States (1) In general On the appropriation of funds under section 3015 of this title, the Secretary shall make a grant to an entity in each State to ...


(a) Review of participating entities (1) In general The Secretary shall assess the extent to which entities that receive grants pursuant to this subchapter are...


(a) In general Through grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements, awarded on a competitive basis, the Secretary is authorized to fund a technical assistance program to...


(a) In general There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subchapter $36,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal...


(a) Definition In this section, the term ''small business'' means a small-business concern, as described in section 632(a) of title 15. (b) Contracts for design, development,...


(a) In general The Director of the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research may collaborate with the Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology...


The Secretary may make grants to commercial or other enterprises and institutions of higher education for the research and development of universal design concepts for...


(a) Assistive technology in rural or impoverished urban areas The Secretary may make grants, enter into cooperative agreements, or provide financial assistance through...


(a) Grants and contracts The Secretary shall make grants, or enter into contracts with, public and private agencies and organizations, including institutions of higher...


(a) Programs The President's Committee on Employment of People With Disabilities (referred to in this section as ''the Committee'') may design, develop, and implement programs...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subchapter, and the provisions of section 763 of this title that relate to research described in section 763(b)(2)(A) of...


(a) In general The Secretary shall award grants to States to pay for the Federal share of the cost of the establishment and administration of, or the expansion and...


(a) In general (1) Grants to outlying areas From the funds appropriated under section 3058 of this title for any fiscal year that are not reserved under section 3058(b) ...


(a) Eligibility States that receive or have received grants under section 3011 of this title and comply with subsection (b) of this section shall be eligible to compete for...


(a) In general A State that receives a grant under this subchapter shall enter into a contract with a community-based organization (including a group of such organizations)...


A State that receives a grant under this subchapter and any community-based organization that enters into a contract with the State under this subchapter, shall submit to...


(a) In general The Secretary shall provide information and technical assistance to States under this subchapter, which shall include - (1) providing assistance in...


Not later than December 31 of each year, the Secretary shall submit a report to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on...


(a) In general There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subchapter $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2000. ...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


In order to promote the establishment and maintenance of a national system of public employment offices, the United States Employment Service shall be established and...


For purposes of this chapter - (1) the term ''chief elected official'' has the same meaning given that term under the Workforce Investment Act of 1998; (2) the...


(a) Assistance to State public employment services The Secretary shall assist in coordinating the State public employment services throughout the country and in increasing their ...


In order to obtain the benefits of appropriations apportioned under section 49d of this title, a State shall, pursuant to State statute, accept the provisions of this chapter and,...


For the purpose of assisting the State employment services established and maintained in accordance with the terms of this chapter, the Secretary of Labor is authorized...


...


...


...


...


(a) Authorization of appropriations There is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such amounts from time to time as...


...


(a) From the amounts appropriated pursuant to section 49d of this title for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall first allot to Guam and the Virgin Islands an amount which,...


(a) Use of 90 percent of funds allotted Ninety percent of the sums allotted to each State pursuant to section 49e of this title may be used - (1) for job search and...


(a) Submission to Secretary Any State desiring to receive assistance under this chapter shall submit to the Secretary, as part of the State plan submitted under section 2822...


(a) Audit (1) Each State shall establish such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as may be necessary to assure the proper disbursal of, and accounting for,...


(a) Records Each State shall keep records that are sufficient to permit the preparation of reports required by this chapter and to permit the tracing of funds to a level...


In carrying out the provisions of this chapter the Secretary is authorized and directed to provide for the giving of notice of strikes or lockouts to applicants before they...


The Secretary is authorized to make such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. ...


(a) The Secretary is authorized to establish performance standards for activities under this chapter which shall take into account the differences in priorities reflected in...


There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to enable the Secretary to provide funds through reimburseable (FOOTNOTE 1) agreements with the States...


(a) System content (1) In general The Secretary, in accordance with the provisions of this section, shall oversee the development, maintenance, and ...


...


The Secretary of Labor is authorized and directed to formulate and promote the furtherance of labor standards necessary to safeguard the welfare of apprentices, to extend...


The Secretary of Labor may publish information relating to existing and proposed labor standards of apprenticeship, and may appoint national advisory committees to serve without ...


The Secretary of Labor is authorized to appoint such employees as he may from time to time find necessary for the administration of this chapter, with regard to existing...


...


No restraining order or injunction shall be granted by any court of the United States, or a judge or the judges thereof, in any case between an employer and employees, or...


The word ''person'' or ''persons'' wherever used in section 52 of this title shall be deemed to include corporations and associations existing under or authorized by the laws...


No court of the United States, as defined in this chapter, shall have jurisdiction to issue any restraining order or temporary or permanent injunction in a case involving or...


In the interpretation of this chapter and in determining the jurisdiction and authority of the courts of the United States, as such jurisdiction and authority are defined and...


Any undertaking or promise, such as is described in this section, or any other undertaking or promise in conflict with the public policy declared in section 102 of this title,...


No court of the United States shall have jurisdiction to issue any restraining order or temporary or permanent injunction in any case involving or growing out of any labor dispute...


No court of the United States shall have jurisdiction to issue a restraining order or temporary or permanent injunction upon the ground that any of the persons participating...


No officer or member of any association or organization, and no association or organization participating or interested in a labor dispute, shall be held responsible or liable in...


No court of the United States shall have jurisdiction to issue a temporary or permanent injunction in any case involving or growing out of a labor dispute, as defined in this...


No restraining order or injunctive relief shall be granted to any complainant who has failed to comply with any obligation imposed by law which is involved in the labor dispute...


No restraining order or temporary or permanent injunction shall be granted in a case involving or growing out of a labor dispute, except on the basis of findings of fact made...


Whenever any court of the United States shall issue or deny any temporary injunction in a case involving or growing out of a labor dispute, the court shall, upon the request of...


...


When used in this chapter, and for the purposes of this chapter - (a) A case shall be held to involve or to grow out of a labor dispute when the case involves persons who...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held unconstitutional or otherwise invalid, the remaining provisions of this chapter...


All acts and parts of acts in conflict with the provisions of this chapter are repealed. ...


(a) This chapter may be cited as the ''Labor Management Relations Act, 1947''. (b) Industrial strife which interferes with the normal flow of commerce and with the...


When used in this chapter - (1) The term ''industry affecting commerce'' means any industry or activity in commerce or in which a labor dispute would burden or...


Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to require an individual employee to render labor or service without his consent, nor shall anything in this chapter be construed to...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance, shall be held invalid, the remainder of this chapter, or the application of...


The denial by some employers of the right of employees to organize and the refusal by some employers to accept the procedure of collective bargaining lead to strikes and other...


When used in this subchapter - (1) The term ''person'' includes one or more individuals, labor organizations, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal ...


(a) Creation, composition, appointment, and tenure; Chairman; removal of members The National Labor Relations Board (hereinafter called the ''Board'') created by...


(a) Each member of the Board and the General Counsel of the Board shall be eligible for reappointment, and shall not engage in any other business, vocation, or employment. The...


The principal office of the Board shall be in the District of Columbia, but it may meet and exercise any or all of its powers at any other place. The Board may, by one or more of...


The Board shall have authority from time to time to make, amend, and rescind, in the manner prescribed by subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5, such rules and regulations as may...


Employees shall have the right to self-organization, to form, join, or assist labor organizations, to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and to...


(a) Unfair labor practices by employer It shall be an unfair labor practice for an employer - (1) to interfere with, restrain, or coerce employees in the exercise of...


Provision by an employer of facilities for the operations of a Federal Credit Union on the premises of such employer shall not be deemed to be intimidation, coercion,...


(a) Exclusive representatives; employees' adjustment of grievances directly with employer Representatives designated or selected for the purposes of collective bargaining...


(a) Powers of Board generally The Board is empowered, as hereinafter provided, to prevent any person from engaging in any unfair labor practice (listed in section 158 of...


For the purpose of all hearings and investigations, which, in the opinion of the Board, are necessary and proper for the exercise of the powers vested in it by sections 159 and 160...


Any person who shall willfully resist, prevent, impede, or interfere with any member of the Board or any of its agents or agencies in the performance of duties pursuant to...


Nothing in this subchapter, except as specifically provided for herein, shall be construed so as either to interfere with or impede or diminish in any way the right to strike, or...


(a) Supervisors as union members Nothing herein shall prohibit any individual employed as a supervisor from becoming or remaining a member of a labor organization, but no...


Wherever the application of the provisions of section 272 of chapter 10 of the Act entitled ''An Act to establish a uniform system of bankruptcy throughout the United...


If any provision of this subchapter, or the application of such provision to any person or circumstances, shall be held invalid, the remainder of this subchapter, or the...


This subchapter may be cited as the ''National Labor Relations Act''. ...


No petition entertained, no investigation made, no election held, and no certification issued by the National Labor Relations Board, under any of the provisions of section 159 of...


Any employee who is a member of and adheres to established and traditional tenets or teachings of a bona fide religion, body, or sect which has historically held...


It is the policy of the United States that - (a) sound and stable industrial peace and the advancement of the general welfare, health, and safety of the Nation and of the ...


(a) Creation; appointment of Director There is created an independent agency to be known as the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (herein referred to as the ...


(a) Settlement of disputes through conciliation and mediation It shall be the duty of the Service, in order to prevent or minimize interruptions of the free flow of commerce...


(a) (FOOTNOTE 1) In order to prevent or minimize interruptions of the free flow of commerce growing out of labor disputes, employers and employees and their representatives, in...


(a) There is created a National Labor-Management Panel which shall be composed of twelve members appointed by the President, six of whom shall be selected from among...


(a) Establishment and operation of plant, area, and industrywide committees (1) The Service is authorized and directed to provide assistance in the establishment and...


Whenever in the opinion of the President of the United States, a threatened or actual strike or lockout affecting an entire industry or a substantial part thereof engaged in...


(a) Composition A board of inquiry shall be composed of a chairman and such other members as the President shall determine, and shall have power to sit and act in any place...


(a) Petition to district court by Attorney General on direction of President Upon receiving a report from a board of inquiry the President may direct the Attorney General...


(a) Assistance of Service; acceptance of Service's proposed settlement Whenever a district court has issued an order under section 178 of this title enjoining acts...


Upon the certification of the results of such ballot or upon a settlement being reached, whichever happens sooner, the Attorney General shall move the court to discharge...


(a) For the guidance and information of interested representatives of employers, employees, and the general public, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor shall ...


The provisions of this subchapter shall not be applicable with respect to any matter which is subject to the provisions of the Railway Labor Act (45 U.S.C. 151 et seq.), as...


(a) Establishment of Boards of Inquiry; membership If, in the opinion of the Director of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, a threatened or actual strike or lockout ...


(a) Venue, amount, and citizenship Suits for violation of contracts between an employer and a labor organization representing employees in an industry affecting commerce...


(a) Payment or lending, etc., of money by employer or agent to employees, representatives, or labor organizations It shall be unlawful for any employer or association...


(a) It shall be unlawful, for the purpose of this section only, in an industry or activity affecting commerce, for any labor organization to engage in any activity or conduct...


...


...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938''. ...


(a) The Congress finds that the existence, in industries engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce, of labor conditions detrimental to the maintenance of...


As used in this chapter - (a) ''Person'' means an individual, partnership, association, corporation, business trust, legal representative, or any organized group of persons. ...


(a) Creation of Wage and Hour Division in Department of Labor; Administrator There is created in the Department of Labor a Wage and Hour Division which shall be under...


(a) Establishment; residents as members of committees The Administrator shall as soon as practicable appoint a special industry committee to recommend the minimum rate or rates...


(a) Employees engaged in commerce; home workers in Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands; employees in American Samoa; seamen on American vessels; agricultural employees ...


(a) Employees engaged in interstate commerce; additional applicability to employees pursuant to subsequent amendatory provisions (1) Except as otherwise provided in...


(a) Congressional policy; recommendation of wage rate by industry committee The policy of this chapter with respect to industries or enterprises in American Samoa engaged...


For the purpose of any hearing or investigation provided for in this chapter, the provisions of sections 49 and 50 of title 15 (relating to the attendance of witnesses and...


(a) Any person aggrieved by an order of the Secretary issued under section 208 of this title may obtain a review of such order in the United States Court of Appeals for any...


(a) Investigations and inspections The Administrator or his designated representatives may investigate and gather data regarding the wages, hours, and other conditions...


(a) Restrictions on shipment of goods; prosecution; conviction No producer, manufacturer, or dealer shall ship or deliver for shipment in commerce any goods produced in...


(a) Minimum wage and maximum hour requirements The provisions of sections 206 (except subsection (d) in the case of paragraph (1) of this subsection) and section 207 of this title ...


(a) Learners, apprentices, messengers The Secretary, to the extent necessary in order to prevent curtailment of opportunities for employment, shall by regulations or by...


(a) After the expiration of one hundred and twenty days from June 25, 1938, it shall be unlawful for any person - (1) to transport, offer for transportation, ship, deliver, or ...


(a) Fines and imprisonment Any person who willfully violates any of the provisions of section 215 of this title shall upon conviction thereof be subject to a fine of not more...


...


No employer shall be subject to any liability or punishment under this chapter (in any action or proceeding commenced prior to or on or after January 24, 1950), on account of...


The district courts, together with the United States District Court for the District of the Canal Zone, the District Court of the Virgin Islands, and the District Court of Guam...


(a) No provision of this chapter or of any order thereunder shall excuse noncompliance with any Federal or State law or municipal ordinance establishing a minimum wage higher than...


If any provision of this chapter or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of this chapter and the application of...


(a) The Congress finds that the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended (29 U.S.C. 201 et seq.), has been interpreted judicially in disregard of long-established...


(a) Liability of employer No employer shall be subject to any liability or punishment under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended (29 U.S.C. 201 et seq.)...


(a) Compromise of certain existing claims under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, the Walsh-Healey Act, or the Bacon-Davis Act; limitations Any cause of action...


(a) Activities not compensable Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, no employer shall be subject to any liability or punishment under the Fair Labor Standards...


Any action commenced on or after May 14, 1947, to enforce any cause of action for unpaid minimum wages, unpaid overtime compensation, or liquidated damages, under the Fair...


In determining when an action is commenced for the purposes of section 255 of this title, an action commenced on or after May 14, 1947 under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938,...


The statute of limitations prescribed in section 255(b) of this title shall also be applicable (in the case of a collective or representative action commenced prior to May 14,...


In any action or proceeding commenced prior to or on or after May 14, 1947 based on any act or omission prior to May 14, 1947, no employer shall be subject to any liability...


(a) In any action or proceeding based on any act or omission on or after May 14, 1947, no employer shall be subject to any liability or punishment for or on account of the failure...


In any action commenced prior to or on or after May 14, 1947 to recover unpaid minimum wages, unpaid overtime compensation, or liquidated damages, under the Fair Labor Standards...


No employer shall be subject to any liability or punishment under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended (29 U.S.C. 201 et seq.), on account of the failure of such...


(a) When the terms ''employer'', ''employee'', and ''wage'' are used in this chapter in relation to the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended (29 U.S.C. 201 et seq.),...




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