US State Code:United States CodeTITLE 50 - WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE


A Council of National Defense is established, for the coordination of industries and resources for the national security and welfare, to consist of the Secretary of the Army,...


The Council of National Defense shall nominate to the President, and the President shall appoint, an advisory commission, consisting of not more than seven persons, each of whom...


It shall be the duty of the Council of National Defense to supervise and direct investigations and make recommendations to the President and the heads of executive departments as...


The Council of National Defense shall adopt rules and regulations for the conduct of its work, which rules and regulations shall be subject to the approval of the President, and...


Reports shall be submitted by all subordinate bodies and by the advisory commission to the council, and from time to time the council shall report to the President or to the heads...


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Whenever there is a declared war between the United States and any foreign nation or government, or any invasion or predatory incursion is perpetrated, attempted or threatened...


When an alien who becomes liable as an enemy, in the manner prescribed in section 21 of this title, is not chargeable with actual hostility, or other crime against the public...


After any such proclamation has been made, the several courts of the United States, having criminal jurisdiction, and the several justices and judges of the courts of the...


When an alien enemy is required by the President, or by order of any court, judge, or justice, to depart and to be removed, it shall be the duty of the marshal of the district...


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Any person who furnishes original information to the United States - (a) leading to the finding or other acquisition by the United States of special nuclear material or...


The Attorney General shall determine whether a person furnishing information to the United States is entitled to a reward and the amount to be paid pursuant to section 47a of...


If the information leading to an award under section 47b of this title is furnished by an alien, the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the Director of...


(a) The Attorney General is authorized to hold such hearings and make, promulgate, issue, rescind, and amend such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the...


Any awards granted under section 47b of this title shall be certified by the Attorney General and, together with the approval of the President in those cases where such approval...


As used in this chapter - (a) The term ''atomic energy'' means all forms of energy released in the course of nuclear fission or nuclear transformation. (b) The term...


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(a) Definitions The word ''person'' as used in subsections (b) and (c) of this section shall include any individual, trustee, firm, association, company, or corporation. The...


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This subchapter may be cited as the ''Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act''. ...


(a) The Congress finds that the natural resources of the United States in certain strategic and critical materials are deficient or insufficiently developed to supply the...


(a) Determination of materials; quantities Subject to subsection (c) of this section, the President shall determine from time to time (1) which materials are strategic and ...


(a) Contents The stockpile consists of the following materials: (1) Materials acquired under this subchapter and contained in the national stockpile on July 29, 1979. ...


(a) Funds appropriated for acquisitions; proposed stockpile transactions; significant changes therein (1) Except for acquisitions made under the authority of paragraph (3)...


(a) Presidential powers The President shall - (1) acquire the materials determined under section 98b(a) of this title to be strategic and critical materials; ...


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(a) Materials in the stockpile may be released for use, sale, or other disposition - (1) on the order of the President, at any time the President determines the release...


(a) Development, mining, preparation, treatment, and utilization of ores and other mineral substances (1) The President shall make scientific, technologic, and ...


(a) Establishment There is established in the Treasury of the United States a separate fund to be known as the National Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund (hereinafter in...


(a) Membership The President may appoint advisory committees composed of individuals with expertise relating to materials in the stockpile or with expertise in...


(a) Not later than January 15 of each year, the President shall submit to the Congress an annual written report detailing operations under this subchapter. Each such report...


For the purposes of this subchapter: (1) The term ''strategic and critical materials'' means materials that (A) would be needed to supply the military, industrial,...


The President may not prohibit or regulate the importation into the United States of any material determined to be strategic and critical pursuant to the provisions of...


(a) In general Not later than January 15 of every other year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on stockpile requirements. Each such report shall...


(a) Purchase of materials of domestic origin; processing of materials in domestic facilities Subject to subsection (c) of this section and to the extent the ...


(a) Appointment The President shall designate a single Federal office to have responsibility for performing the functions of the President under this subchapter, other than...


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(a) Investigations; designation of sites; construction and operation of dams, locks, improvements to navigation, etc. The President of the United States may make, or cause to...


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As used in this chapter: (1) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of the Interior; (2) The term ''person'' means any individual, corporation, partnership,...


(a) Extraction and disposal of helium on Federal lands (1) In general The Secretary may enter into agreements with private parties for the recovery and disposal of helium...


(a) Storage, transportation, and withdrawal The Secretary may store, transport, and withdraw crude helium and maintain and operate crude helium storage facilities, in existence ...


(a) In general Whenever the Secretary provides helium storage withdrawal or transportation services to any person, the Secretary shall impose a fee on the person to reimburse...


(a) Purchase by Government agencies The Department of Defense, the Atomic Energy Commission, and other agencies of the Federal Government, to the extent that supplies are...


The Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission may each designate representatives to cooperate with the Secretary in carrying out the purposes of...


(a) Stockpile sales (1) Commencement Not later than January 1, 2005, the Secretary shall commence offering for sale crude helium from helium reserves owned by the ...


The Secretary is authorized to establish and promulgate such rules and regulations, as are consistent with the directions of this chapter and are necessary to carry out the...


(a) The provisions of subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5 shall apply to any agency proceeding and any agency action taken under this chapter, including the issuance of rules...


The provisions of the Natural Gas Act of June 21, 1938, as amended (15 U.S.C. 717 et seq.), shall not be applicable to the sale, extraction, processing, transportation, or storage...


(a) In general The Secretary of the Interior shall transfer all right, title, and interest of the United States in and to the parcel of land described in subsection (b) of...


Whoever willfully violates, attempts to violate, or conspires to violate, any provision of this chapter or any regulation or order issued or any terms of a license granted...


Whenever in the judgment of the Secretary any person has engaged or is about to engage in any act or practice which constitutes or will constitute a violation of any provision of...


(a) NAS study and report Not later than three years before the date on which the Secretary commences offering for sale crude helium under section 167f of this title, the...


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Whenever the President by proclamation or Executive order declares a national emergency to exist by reason of actual or threatened war, insurrection, or invasion, or disturbance or ...


When the Coast Guard operates as a part of the Navy pursuant to section 3 of title 14, the powers conferred on the Secretary of Transportation by section 191 of this title, shall...


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If any owner, agent, master, officer, or person in charge, or any member of the crew of any such vessel fails to comply with any regulation or rule issued or order given under...


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The President may employ such departments, agencies, officers, or instrumentalities of the United States as he may deem necessary to carry out the purpose of this title. (FOOTNOTE...


The term ''United States'' as used in this Act includes all territory and waters, continental or insular, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. ...


During any period in which vessels may be requisitioned under section 1242 of title 46, Appendix, the President is authorized and empowered through the Secretary of Transportation...


During any period in which vessels may be requisitioned under section 1242 of title 46, Appendix, the President is authorized through the Secretary of Transportation to acquire...


(a) Documentation of vessels Any vessel not documented under the laws of the United States, acquired by or made available to the Secretary of Transportation under sections 196...


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Whenever the President, in pursuance of the provisions of this chapter, has called forth the militia to suppress combinations against the laws of the United States, and to cause...


Whenever any part of a State not declared to be in insurrection is under the control of insurgents, or is in dangerous proximity to places under their control, all...


The provisions of this chapter in relation to commercial intercourse shall apply to all commercial intercourse by and between persons residing or being within districts within...


The President may, in his discretion, license and permit commercial intercourse with any part of such State or section, the inhabitants of which are so declared in a state...


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Every officer of the United States, civil, military, or naval, and every sutler, soldier, marine, or other person, who takes, or causes to be taken into a State declared to be...


It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury, from time to time, to institute such investigations as may be necessary to detect and prevent frauds and abuses in any trade...


Whenever during any insurrection against the Government of the United States, after the President shall have declared by proclamation that the laws of the United States are...


Such prizes and capture shall be condemned in the district court of the United States having jurisdiction of the amount, or in admiralty in any district in which the same may...


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The Attorney General, or the United States attorney for any judicial district in which such property may at the time be, may institute the proceedings of condemnation, and in...


The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to prohibit and prevent the transportation in any vessel, or upon any railroad, turnpike, or other road or means of transportation...


All persons in the military or naval service of the United States are prohibited from buying or selling, trading, or in any way dealing in captured or abandoned property, whereby...


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Whenever, at any port of entry, the duties on imports cannot, in the judgment of the President, be collected in the ordinary way, or by the course provided in section 218 (FOOTNOTE...


It shall be unlawful to take any vessel or cargo detained under section 219 of this title from the custody of the proper officers of the customs, unless by process of some court...


Whenever, in any collection district, the duties on imports can not, in the judgment of the President, be collected in the ordinary way, nor in the manner provided by sections...


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From and after fifteen days after the issuing of the proclamation, as provided in section 205 of this title, any vessel belonging in whole or in part to any citizen or inhabitant...


The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to refuse a clearance to any vessel or other vehicle laden with merchandise, destined for a foreign or domestic port, whenever he...


Whenever a permit or clearance is granted for either a foreign or domestic port, it shall be lawful for the collector of the customs granting the same, if he deems it necessary,...


In all cases wherein any vessel, or other property, is condemned in any proceeding by virtue of any laws relating to insurrection or rebellion, the court rendering judgment...


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In enacting this legislation, it is the intent of Congress to provide a comprehensive program for the future security of the United States; to provide for the establishment...


As used in this Act: (1) The term ''intelligence'' includes foreign intelligence and counterintelligence. (2) The term ''foreign intelligence'' means information ...


(a) Establishment; presiding officer; functions; composition There is established a council to be known as the National Security Council (hereinafter in this section referred to...


(a) Establishment of Counterintelligence Policy Board There is established within the executive branch of Government a National Counterintelligence Policy Board (in this...


(a) Director of Central Intelligence There is a Director of Central Intelligence who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate....


There is a Central Intelligence Agency. The function of the Agency shall be to assist the Director of Central Intelligence in carrying out the responsibilities referred to...


The Director of Central Intelligence shall direct that elements of the Intelligence Community, whenever compatible with the national security interests of the United States...


(a) No project for the construction of any facility, or improvement to any facility, having an estimated Federal cost in excess of $300,000, may be undertaken in any fiscal...


(a) In general (1) In general Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, no project for the construction of any facility to be used primarily by...


(a) Provision of intelligence (1) Under the direction of the National Security Council, the Director of Central Intelligence shall be responsible for providing ...


(a) Access to intelligence To the extent recommended by the National Security Council and approved by the President, the Director of Central Intelligence shall have access to...


(a) In general The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Director of Central Intelligence, shall - (1) ensure that the budgets of the elements of the intelligence ...


(a) Authority to provide assistance Subject to subsection (b) of this section, elements of the intelligence community may, upon the request of a United States law ...


(a) Exemption of certain operational files from search, review, publication, or disclosure (1) The Director of the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, with the...


(a) Concurrence of DCI in certain appointments (1) In the event of a vacancy in a position referred to in paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense shall obtain the concurrence...


(a) Policy It is the policy of the United States that an element of the Intelligence Community may not use as an agent or asset for the purposes of collecting intelligence...


(a) Finding Congress finds that longstanding statutes, regulations, and policies of the United States prohibit employees, agents, and assets of the elements of the...


When used in sections 403a to 403s of this title, the term - (a) ''Agency'' means the Central Intelligence Agency; (b) ''Director'' means the Director of Central Intelligence; ...


The Director of Central Intelligence shall cause a seal of office to be made for the Central Intelligence Agency, of such design as the President shall approve, and judicial...


(a) Purchases and contracts for supplies and services In the performance of its functions the Central Intelligence Agency is authorized to exercise the authorities contained in ...


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(a) Travel, allowances, and related expenses for officers and employees assigned to duty stations outside United States Under such regulations as the Director may prescribe,...


(a) Scope of authority with respect to Federal employees and members of Armed Forces The Director of Central Intelligence may exercise the authority granted in section 4503...


(a) In general In the performance of its functions, the Central Intelligence Agency is authorized to - (1) Transfer to and receive from other Government agencies such ...


In the interests of the security of the foreign intelligence activities of the United States and in order further to implement section 403-3(c)(6) of this title that the Director...


Whenever the Director, the Attorney General, and the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization shall determine that the admission of a particular alien into the United...


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(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, sums made available to the Agency by appropriation or otherwise may be expended for purposes necessary to carry out its functions, ...


(a)(1) The Director may pay a gratuity to the surviving dependents of any officer or employee of the Agency who dies as a result of injuries (other than from disease)...


(a) Use for operational purposes prohibited Subject to the provisions of this section, the Director may accept, hold, administer, and use gifts of money, securities, or ...


(a) Prohibited acts No person may, except with the written permission of the Director, knowingly use the words ''Central Intelligence Agency'', the initials ''CIA'', the seal...


(a) Manner and extent of applicability The provisions of sections 2002, 2031(b)(1)-(3), 2031(f), 2031(g), 2031(h)(2), 2031(i), 2031(l), 2032, 2033, 2034, 2035, 2052(b),...


(a) Special policemen: functions and powers; regulations: promulgation and enforcement (1) The Director may authorize Agency personnel within the United States to perform...


(a) Persons eligible Except as provided in subsection (e) of this section, any individual - (1) formerly married to an employee or former employee of the Agency,...


(a) Purpose; establishment In order to - (1) create an objective and effective office, appropriately accountable to Congress, to initiate and conduct independently ...


(a) Officers and employees to whom rules apply Notwithstanding any provision of chapter 83 of title 5, the annuity under subchapter III of such chapter of an officer or ...


The special accrual rates provided by section 2153 of this title and by section 403r of this title for computation of the annuity of an individual who has served abroad as an...


(a) Officers and employees to whom section 2051 rules apply Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an officer or employee of the Central Intelligence Agency subject...


(a) Appointment There is a General Counsel of the Central Intelligence Agency, appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. ...


(a) In general The Director may carry out a program under which elements of the Agency provide items and services on a reimbursable basis to other elements of the...


The Director may - (1) detail any personnel of the Agency on a reimbursable basis indefinitely to the National Reconnaissance Office without regard to any limitation...


(a) Employment of personnel The Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, subject to the direction of the President, is authorized, subject to the civil-service...


(a) Transmittal to Congress (1) The President shall transmit to Congress each year a comprehensive report on the national security strategy of the United States (hereinafter...


(a) Annual submission of multiyear national foreign intelligence program The Director of Central Intelligence shall submit to the congressional committees specified...


(a) Report requirements The President shall submit to the congressional committees specified in subsection (d) of this section each year a report (in both classified...


(a) In general (1) Not later than January 31 each year, the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the requirements of the United...


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(a) In general In addition to the Department of Defense missions set forth in section 442 of title 10, the National Imagery and Mapping Agency shall support the...


Unless otherwise directed by the President, the Director of Central Intelligence shall have authority (except as otherwise agreed by the Director and the Secretary of Defense) to - ...


(a) Provision of intelligence information to United Nations (1) No United States intelligence information may be provided to the United Nations or any organization affiliated with...


(a) Detail (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the head of a department with an element in the intelligence community or the head of an intelligence community...


(a) Report on intelligence community cooperation with Federal law enforcement agencies (1) Not later than December 31 of each year, the Director of Central Intelligence...


(a) In general (1) A diplomatic intelligence support center may not be established, operated, or maintained without the prior approval of the Director of Central Intelligence. ...


(a) In general Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Director of Central Intelligence may authorize travel on any common carrier when such travel, in the discretion...


(a) Requirement (1) The Director of Central Intelligence shall, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, establish and maintain in the intelligence community an...


(a) The Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Director of Central Intelligence, and the National Security Council, acting through its Executive Secretary,...


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No part of the funds appropriated in any act shall be used to pay (1) any person, firm, or corporation, or any combinations of persons, firms, or corporations, to conduct a study...


Except to the extent inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, the provisions of title 4 of the Revised Statutes as now or hereafter amended shall be applicable to the...


(a) The term ''Department of the Army'' as used in this Act shall be construed to mean the Department of the Army at the seat of the government and all field headquarters,...


(a) Short title This section may be cited as the ''National Security Agency Voluntary Separation Act''. (b) Definitions For purposes of this section - (1) the...


(a) As used in this Act, the term ''function'' includes functions, powers, and duties. (b) As used in this Act, the term ''Department of Defense'' shall be deemed to include...


There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary and appropriate to carry out the provisions and purposes of this Act (other than the provisions and purposes...


All laws, orders, and regulations inconsistent with the provisions of this title are repealed insofar as they are inconsistent with the powers, duties, and responsibilities enacted ...


(a) Reports to Congressional committees of intelligence activities and anticipated activities (1) The President shall ensure that the intelligence committees are kept...


To the extent consistent with due regard for the protection from unauthorized disclosure of classified information relating to sensitive intelligence sources and methods or...


(a) Presidential findings The President may not authorize the conduct of a covert action by departments, agencies, or entities of the United States Government unless the...


(a) Obligations and expenditures for intelligence or intelligence-related activity; prerequisites Appropriated funds available to an intelligence agency may be obligated...


(a)(1) The transfer of a defense article or defense service, or the anticipated transfer in any fiscal year of any aggregation of defense articles or defense services,...


(a) Disclosure of information by persons having or having had access to classified information that identifies covert agent Whoever, having or having had authorized access...


(a) Disclosure by United States of identity of covert agent It is a defense to a prosecution under section 421 of this title that before the commission of the offense with which...


(a) Annual report by President to Congress on measures to protect identities of covert agents The President, after receiving information from the Director of ...


There is jurisdiction over an offense under section 421 of this title committed outside the United States if the individual committing the offense is a citizen of the United States...


Nothing in this subchapter may be construed as authority to withhold information from the Congress or from a committee of either House of Congress. ...


For the purposes of this subchapter: (1) The term ''classified information'' means information or material designated and clearly marked or clearly represented, ...


(a) Exemption by Director of Central Intelligence Operational files of the Central Intelligence Agency may be exempted by the Director of Central Intelligence from the ...


(a) Review by Director of Central Intelligence Not less than once every ten years, the Director of Central Intelligence shall review the exemptions in force under subsection ...


(a) Not later than 180 days after October 14, 1994, the President shall, by Executive order or regulation, establish procedures to govern access to classified information which...


(a) Certification regarding full compliance with requirements The Director of Central Intelligence shall certify to the appropriate committees of Congress whether or not each...


(a) Generally (1) Any authorized investigative agency may request from any financial agency, financial institution, or holding company, or from any consumer reporting agency,...


Except as otherwise specifically provided, the provisions of this subchapter shall not apply to the President and Vice President, Members of the Congress, Justices of the...


For purposes of this subchapter - (1) the term ''authorized investigative agency'' means an agency authorized by law or regulation to conduct a ...


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(a) In general No Federal law enacted on or after December 27, 2000, that implements a treaty or other international agreement shall be construed as making unlawful an...


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There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as the Congress may from time to time determine to be necessary to enable the Secretary to carry out the provisions of...


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The Secretary of the Air Force is authorized to establish and develop within and without the continental limits of the United States in fulfilling the air defense responsibilities...


In furtherance of section 491 of this title, the Secretary of the Air Force is authorized to make surveys and to acquire lands and rights pertaining thereto or other...


There is authorized to be appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury of the United States not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary to carry out the purposes...


The provisions of this chapter shall be subject to the duties and authority of the Secretary of Defense and the departments and agencies of the Department of Defense as provided...


The Secretary of the Air Force is authorized to establish a joint long-range proving ground for guided missiles and other weapons by the construction, installation, or equipment...


The Secretary of the Air Force is authorized in discharging the authority given in section 501 of this title to make surveys, to acquire lands and rights or other interests...


There is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, not to exceed $75,000,000 to carry out the purposes of sections 501 and 502...


The Secretary of Defense is authorized, in his discretion, to transfer to the Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Navy, and to retransfer from either of such Secretaries...


The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (hereinafter referred to as the ''Administrator'') and the Secretary of Defense are authorized and...


The Administrator is authorized, in implementation of the unitary plan, to construct and equip transsonic or supersonic wind tunnels of a size, design and character adequate for...


(a) The Administrator is authorized to expand the facilities at his existing laboratories and centers by the construction of additional transsonic, supersonic, and hypersonic...


The Secretary of the Navy is authorized, in implementation of the unitary plan, to expand the naval facilities at the David W. Taylor Model Basin, Carderock, Maryland, by...


The Administrator shall submit semi-annual written reports to the Congress covering the selection of institutions and contracts entered into pursuant to section 512 of this...


The Secretary of the Air Force is authorized to establish an Air Engineering Development Center, and to construct, install, and equip (1) temporary and permanent public...


To accomplish the purposes of this subchapter, the Secretary of the Air Force is authorized to acquire lands and rights pertaining thereto, or other interest therein, including...


The Secretary of the Air Force is authorized to employ such civilian personnel as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this subchapter without regard to the limitation...


There is authorized to be appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to remain available until expended when so specified in the appropriation...


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(a) Communication of classified information by Government officer or employee It shall be unlawful for any officer or employee of the United States or of any department...


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The foregoing provisions of this subchapter shall be construed as being in addition to and not in modification of existing criminal statutes. ...


(a) Whoever willfully shall violate any such regulation or order as, pursuant to lawful authority, shall be or has been promulgated or approved by the Secretary of Defense, or by...


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Subject to the provisions of this subchapter, the Secretary of Defense (hereafter in this subchapter referred to as the ''Secretary'') shall prescribe such regulations relating to ...


(a) Conditional employment; other current security clearance; circumstances authorizing employment on temporary basis No person shall be employed in, or detailed or assigned...


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For the purposes of this section, the term ''classified information'' means information which, for reasons of national security, is specifically designated by a United...


Subchapter II of chapter 5, and chapter 7, of title 5, shall not apply to the use or exercise of any authority granted by this subchapter. ...


The Congress finds and declares that the Communist Party of the United States, although purportedly a political party, is in fact an instrumentality of a conspiracy to overthrow...


The Communist Party of the United States, or any successors of such party regardless of the assumed name, whose object or purpose is to overthrow the Government of the United...


(a) Whoever knowingly and willfully becomes or remains a member of (1) the Communist Party, or (2) any other organization having for one of its purposes or objectives...


In determining membership or participation in the Communist Party or any other organization defined in this Act, or knowledge of the purpose or objective of such party...


Except as provided in section 852 of this title, every person who has knowledge of, or has received instruction or assignment in, the espionage, counter-espionage, or sabotage...


The registration requirements of section 851 of this title do not apply to any person - (a) who has obtained knowledge of or received instruction or assignment in...


The Attorney General shall retain in permanent form one copy of all registration statements filed under this subchapter. They shall be public records and open to public...


The Attorney General may at any time, make, prescribe, amend, and rescind such rules, regulations and forms as he deems necessary to carry out the provisions of this subchapter. ...


(a) Whoever willfully violates any provision of this subchapter or any regulation thereunder, or in any registration statement willfully make (FOOTNOTE 1) a false statement of...


Failure to file a registration statement as required by this subchapter is a continuing offense for as long as such failure exists, notwithstanding any statute of limitation or...


Compliance with the registration provisions of this subchapter does not relieve any person from compliance with any other applicable registration statute. ...


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The President may authorize any department or agency of the Government which exercises functions in connection with the national defense, acting in accordance with...


Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to constitute authorization hereunder for - (a) the use of the cost-plus-a-percentage-of-cost system of contracting; ...


(a) All actions under the authority of this chapter shall be made a matter of public record under regulations prescribed by the President and when deemed by him not to be...


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This chapter shall be effective only during a national emergency declared by Congress or the President and for six months after the termination thereof or until such earlier time...


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None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or any other Act may be used for the transportation of any lethal chemical or any biological warfare agent to or from...


(a) Prohibition of transportation across State lines The Secretary of Defense may not transport any chemical munition that constitutes part of the chemical weapons stockpile out...


(1) None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or any other Act may be used for the future deployment, storage, or disposal, at any place outside the United States...


Unless otherwise indicated, as used in this chapter the term ''United States'' means the several States the District of Columbia, and the territories and possessions of the...


After November 19, 1969, the operation of this chapter, or any portion thereof, may be suspended by the President during the period of any war declared by Congress and during...


None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act shall be used for the procurement of delivery systems specifically designed to disseminate lethal chemical or...


Nothing contained in this chapter shall be deemed to restrict the transportation or disposal of research quantities of any lethal chemical or any biological warfare agent, or to...


On and after October 7, 1970, no chemical or biological warfare agent shall be disposed of within or outside the United States unless such agent has been detoxified or made...


(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this or any other Act shall be used for the purpose of production of lethal...


(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no funds may be obligated or expended after September 24, 1983, for the production of binary chemical weapons unless the...


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(a) Prohibited activities The Secretary of Defense may not conduct (directly or by contract) - (1) any test or experiment involving the use of a chemical agent...


(a) In general Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Defense (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ''Secretary'') shall, in accordance with...


(a) General The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the chemical and biological defense program of the United States in accordance with the provisions of this section. ...


(a) Report required The Secretary of Defense shall include in the annual report of the Secretary under section 113(c) of title 10 a report on chemical and biological...


(a) Agreements authorized The Secretary of Defense may enter into agreements with the Secretary of Health and Human Services to provide support for vaccination programs of...


(a) Assistance authorized Upon the request of the owner or operator of a facility that is subject to a routine inspection or a challenge inspection under the Chemical...


(a) Prohibition Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, no assistance may be provided by the United States Government to any person who is involved in the...


(a) Congressional declaration It is the purpose of this chapter to fulfill the intent of the framers of the Constitution of the United States and insure that the...


The President in every possible instance shall consult with Congress before introducing United States Armed Forces into hostilities or into situations where imminent involvement in ...


(a) Written report; time of submission; circumstances necessitating submission; information reported In the absence of a declaration of war, in any case in which United...


(a) Transmittal of report and referral to Congressional committees; joint request for convening Congress Each report submitted pursuant to section 1543(a)(1) of this ...


(a) Time requirement; referral to Congressional committee; single report Any joint resolution or bill introduced pursuant to section 1544(b) of this title at least...


(a) Referral to Congressional committee; single report Any concurrent resolution introduced pursuant to section 1544(c) of this title shall be referred to the Committee on...


Any joint resolution or bill introduced in either House which requires the removal of United States Armed Forces engaged in hostilities outside the territory of the United...


(a) Inferences from any law or treaty Authority to introduce United States Armed Forces into hostilities or into situations wherein involvement in hostilities is clearly...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter and the application of such provision to...


(a) All powers and authorities possessed by the President, any other officer or employee of the Federal Government, or any executive agency, as defined in section 105 of title 5, as...


(a) With respect to Acts of Congress authorizing the exercise, during the period of a national emergency, of any special or extraordinary power, the President is authorized to...


(a) Termination methods Any national emergency declared by the President in accordance with this subchapter shall terminate if - (1) there is enacted into law a...


When the President declares a national emergency, no powers or authorities made available by statute for use in the event of an emergency shall be exercised unless and until...


(a) Maintenance of file and index of Presidential orders, rules and regulations during national emergency When the President declares a national emergency, or Congress ...


(a) The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to the following provisions of law, the powers and authorities conferred thereby, and actions taken thereunder: ...


(a) Any authority granted to the President by section 1702 of this title may be exercised to deal with any unusual and extraordinary threat, which has its source in whole...


(a)(1) At the times and to the extent specified in section 1701 of this title, the President may, under such regulations as he may prescribe, by means of instructions, licenses,...


(a) Consultation with Congress The President, in every possible instance, shall consult with the Congress before exercising any of the authorities granted by this chapter...


The President may issue such regulations, including regulations prescribing definitions, as may be necessary for the exercise of the authorities granted by this chapter. ...


(a) A civil penalty of not to exceed $10,000 may be imposed on any person who violates, or attempts to violate, any license, order, or regulation issued under this chapter. ...


(a) Termination of national emergencies pursuant to National Emergencies Act (1) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, notwithstanding the termination...


(a) Policy on the establishment of embargoes It is the policy of the United States, that upon the use of the Armed Forces of the United States to engage in hostilities against ...


As used in this subchapter: (a) ''Foreign power'' means - (1) a foreign government or any component thereof, whether or not recognized by the United States; ...


(a)(1) Notwithstanding any other law, the President, through the Attorney General, may authorize electronic surveillance without a court order under this subchapter to acquire...


(a) Court to hear applications and grant orders; record of denial; transmittal to court of review The Chief Justice of the United States shall publicly designate ...


(a) Submission by Federal officer; approval of Attorney General; contents Each application for an order approving electronic surveillance under this subchapter shall be...


(a) Necessary findings Upon an application made pursuant to section 1804 of this title, the judge shall enter an ex parte order as requested or as modified approving...


(a) Compliance with minimization procedures; privileged communications; lawful purposes Information acquired from an electronic surveillance conducted pursuant to...


In April of each year, the Attorney General shall transmit to the Administrative Office of the United States Court and to Congress a report setting forth with respect to the...


(a)(1) On a semiannual basis the Attorney General shall fully inform the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence...


(a) Prohibited activities A person is guilty of an offense if he intentionally - (1) engages in electronic surveillance under color of law except as authorized by...


An aggrieved person, other than a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power, as defined in section 1801(a) or (b)(1)(A) of this title, respectively, who has been subjected to...


Notwithstanding any other law, the President, through the Attorney General, may authorize electronic surveillance without a court order under this subchapter to acquire...


As used in this subchapter: (1) The terms ''foreign power'', ''agent of a foreign power'', ''international terrorism'', ''sabotage'', ''foreign intelligence ...


(a) Presidential authorization (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President, acting through the Attorney General, may authorize physical searches without a...


(a) Submission by Federal officer; approval of Attorney General; contents Each application for an order approving a physical search under this subchapter shall be made by...


(a) Necessary findings Upon an application made pursuant to section 1823 of this title, the judge shall enter an ex parte order as requested or as modified approving the...


(a) Compliance with minimization procedures; lawful purposes Information acquired from a physical search conducted pursuant to this subchapter concerning any United States person...


On a semiannual basis the Attorney General shall fully inform the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives and the Select Committee on...


(a) Prohibited activities A person is guilty of an offense if he intentionally - (1) under color of law for the purpose of obtaining foreign intelligence...


An aggrieved person, other than a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power, as defined in section 1801(a) or (b)(1)(A), respectively, of this title, whose premises,...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President, through the Attorney General, may authorize physical searches without a court order under this subchapter to...


As used in this subchapter: (1) The terms ''foreign power'', ''agent of a foreign power'', ''international terrorism'', ''foreign intelligence information'',...


(a) Application for authorization or approval (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Attorney General or a designated attorney for the Government may make an ...


(a) Requirements for authorization Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, when the Attorney General makes a determination described in subsection (b) of...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President, through the Attorney General, may authorize the use of a pen register or trap and trace device without a court order...


(a) In general (1) Information acquired from the use of a pen register or trap and trace device installed pursuant to this subchapter concerning any United States person may...


(a) On a semiannual basis, the Attorney General shall fully inform the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives and the Select Committee...


As used in this subchapter: (1) The terms ''foreign power'', ''agent of a foreign power'', ''foreign intelligence information'', ''international terrorism'',...


(a) Application for authorization The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation or a designee of the Director (whose rank shall be no lower than Assistant Special Agent...


(a) On a semiannual basis, the Attorney General shall fully inform the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives and the Select Committee...


(a) Short title This chapter may be cited as the ''David L. Boren National Security Education Act of 1991''. (b) Findings The Congress makes the following findings: ...


(a) Program required (1) In general The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a program for - (A) awarding scholarships to undergraduate students who - ...


(a) Establishment The Secretary of Defense shall establish a National Security Education Board. (b) Composition The Board shall be composed of the following individuals...


(a) Establishment of Fund There is established in the Treasury of the United States a trust fund to be known as the ''National Security Education Trust Fund''. The assets of...


(a) Regulations The Secretary may prescribe regulations to carry out the program required by this chapter. Before prescribing any such regulations, the Secretary shall submit...


(a) Annual report The Secretary shall submit to the President and to the Congress an annual report of the conduct of the program required by this chapter. The report shall...


The conduct of the program required by this chapter may be audited by the General Accounting Office under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the Comptroller General...


For the purpose of this chapter: (1) The term ''Board'' means the National Security Education Board established pursuant to section 1903 of this title. (2) The...


(a) Authorization of appropriations to Fund There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Fund for fiscal year 1992 the sum of $150,000,000. (b) Authorization...


(a) Fiscal years 1993 and 1994 Amounts appropriated to carry out this chapter for fiscal years 1993 and 1994 shall remain available until expended. (b) Fiscal years 1995 and...


When used in this chapter: (1) Agency The term ''Agency'' means the Central Intelligence Agency. (2) Director The term ''Director'' means the Director of Central ...


(a) General definitions When used in subchapter II of this chapter: (1) Former participant The term ''former participant'' means a person who - (A) while...


(a) In general (1) Establishment of system There is a retirement and disability system for certain employees of the Central Intelligence Agency known as the Central ...


The Director shall maintain the fund in the Treasury known as the ''Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability Fund'' (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as...


(a) Designation of participants The Director may from time to time designate employees of the Agency who shall be entitled to participate in the system. Employees so...


Persons who are annuitants under the system are - (1) those persons who, on the basis of their service in the Agency, have met all requirements for an annuity under this ...


(a) In general (1) Participant's contributions Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, 7 percent of the basic pay received by a participant for any pay...


(a) Annuity of participant (1) Computation of annuity The annuity of a participant is the product of - (A) the participant's high-3 average pay (as defined in ...


(a) Former spouse share of participant's annuity (1) Pro rata share Unless otherwise expressly provided by a spousal agreement or court order under section 2094(b) of...


(a) Former spouses as of November 15, 1982 A participant, former participant, or retired participant in the system who on November 15, 1982, had a former spouse may, by a ...


(a) Survivor annuity (1) In general An individual who was a former spouse of a participant or retired participant on November 15, 1982, shall be entitled, except...


(a) Retirement annuity An individual who was a former spouse of a participant, former participant, or retired participant on November 15, 1982, and any former spouse...


The Director shall prescribe regulations under which a previous spouse who is divorced after September 29, 1988, from a participant, former participant, or retired participant...


(a) Disability retirement (1) Eligibility A participant who has become disabled shall, upon the participant's own application or upon order of the Director, be ...


(a) Return of contributions when no annuity payable If a participant dies and no claim for an annuity is payable under this subchapter, the participant's lump-sum credit and any ...


(a) A participant who is at least 50 years of age and has completed 20 years of service may, on the participant's application and with the consent of the Director, be retired from...


(a) Deferred annuity A participant who separates from the Agency may, upon separation or at any time before the commencement of an annuity under this subchapter, elect - ...


(a) Involuntary retirement (1) Authority of director. - The Director may, in the Director's discretion, place in a retired status any participant in the system described...


(a) One-out-of-two requirement A participant must complete, within the last two years before any separation from service (except a separation because of death or disability)...


(a) Entitlement to lump-sum credit Subject to section 2082(d) of this title and subsection (b) of this section, a participant who - (1) is separated from the Agency for...


(a) In general (1) Crediting service as participant For the purposes of this subchapter, the period of service of a participant shall be computed from the date on which...


(a) In general A participant may, subject to the provisions of this section, include in the participant's period of service - (1) civilian service in the Government...


(a) General rule A participant who, during the period of any war or of any national emergency as proclaimed by the President or declared by the Congress, leaves the...


(a) Estimates of annual appropriations The Director shall prepare the estimates of the annual appropriations required to be made to the fund. (b) Actuarial valuations ...


The Director may, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, invest from time to time in interest-bearing securities of the United States such portions of the fund as in...


(a) Annuities stated as annual amounts Each annuity is stated as an annual amount, 1/12 of which, rounded to the next lowest dollar, constitutes the monthly rate payable on...


(a) Exemption from legal process Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), and (e) of this section, none of the moneys mentioned in this subchapter shall be assignable either...


Recovery of payments under this subchapter may not be made from an individual when, in the judgment of the Director, the individual is without fault and recovery would be...


(a) Authority to recall The Director may, with the consent of a retired participant, recall that participant to service in the Agency whenever the Director determines that...


A participant retired under this subchapter shall not, by reason of that retired status, be barred from employment in Federal Government service in any appointive position for...


(a) Deduction from basic pay An annuitant who has retired under this subchapter and who is reemployed in the Federal Government service in any appointive position (either on...


(a) Authority for voluntary contributions (1) In general Under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Director, a participant may voluntarily contribute...


(a) In general Each annuity payable from the fund shall be adjusted as follows: (1) Each cost-of-living annuity increase under this section shall be identical to...


(a) Presidential authority (1) Conformity to CSRS by Executive order Whenever the President determines that it would be appropriate for the purpose of maintaining...


(a) Eligibility for Thrift Savings Plan Participants in the system shall be deemed to be employees for the purposes of section 8351 of title 5. (b) Management of Thrift...


(a) Authority for alternative form of annuity The Director shall prescribe regulations under which any participant who has a life-threatening affliction or other critical ...


The amount of the increase in any annuity that results from the application of section 403r of this title, if and when such increase is based on an individual's overseas service...


(a) General rule Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c) of this section, all employees of the Agency, any of whose service after December 31, 1983, is employment for...


(a) In general Except as otherwise provided in this section, in the application of chapter 84 of title 5 to an employee of the Agency who is subject to such chapter and...


(a) Special computation rule Notwithstanding any provision of chapter 84 of title 5, the annuity under subchapter II of such chapter of a retired employee of the Agency who is...


(a) General rule Except as otherwise specifically provided in this section, the provisions of chapter 84 of title 5 shall apply in the case of an employee of the Agency who...


(a) Finality of decisions of Director Section 2011(c) of this title shall apply in the administration of chapter 84 of title 5 with respect to employees of the Agency. ...


(a) Requirement The Director shall prescribe in regulations appropriate procedures to carry out this subchapter. Such regulations shall be prescribed in consultation with...


(a) Regulations The Director shall prescribe regulations providing for the transition from the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System to the...


(a) Eligibility for transfer Spoils of war in the possession, custody, or control of the United States may be transferred to any other party, including any government, group,...


Spoils of war in the possession, custody, or control of the United States may not be transferred to any country determined by the Secretary of State, for purposes of section 2780...


Not later than 90 days after April 30, 1994, the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report describing any spoils of war obtained subsequent to...


As used in this chapter - (1) the term ''appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign...


Nothing in this chapter shall apply to - (1) the abandonment or failure to take possession of spoils of war by troops in the field for valid military reasons related to ...


Congress makes the following findings: (1) Weapons of mass destruction and related materials and technologies are increasingly available from worldwide sources. ...


In this chapter: (1) The term ''weapon of mass destruction'' means any weapon or device that is intended, or has the capability, to cause death or serious bodily injury...


(a) Enhanced response capability In light of the potential for terrorist use of weapons of mass destruction against the United States, the President shall take immediate action...


(a) Program required (1) The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a program to provide civilian personnel of Federal, State, and local agencies with training and expert...


(a) Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense shall designate an official within the Department of Defense as the executive agent for - (1) the coordination of...


(a) Department of Defense rapid response team The Secretary of Defense shall develop and maintain at least one domestic terrorism rapid response team composed of members of the ...


(a) Emergencies involving chemical or biological weapons (1) The Secretary of Defense shall develop and carry out a program for testing and improving the responses of Federal,...


(a) to (c) Omitted (d) Civilian expertise The President shall take reasonable measures to reduce the reliance of civilian law enforcement officials on Department of ...


(a) Inventory of rapid response assets (1) The head of each Federal Response Plan agency shall develop and maintain an inventory of physical equipment and assets under ...


Of the amount authorized to be appropriated by section 301, (FOOTNOTE 1) $15,000,000 is available for the procurement of - (FOOTNOTE 1) See References in Text note below. ...


(a) Sense of Congress concerning inadequacy of sentencing guidelines It is the sense of Congress that the sentencing guidelines prescribed by the United States...


(a) Secretary of Defense responsibility The Secretary of Defense, in consultation and cooperation with the Commissioner of Customs, shall carry out programs for assisting ...


(a) Replacement program The Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall develop a cooperative program with the Government of Russia to eliminate...


(a) Designation of position The President shall designate an individual to serve in the Executive Office of the President as the National Coordinator for ...


(a) Establishment The Committee on Nonproliferation (in this section referred to as the ''Committee'') is established as a committee of the National Security Council. ...


(a) Program required The President, acting through the Committee on Nonproliferation established under section 2352 of this title, shall develop a comprehensive program...


After September 30, 1999, the President - (1) is not required to maintain a National Coordinator for Nonproliferation Matters under section 2351 of this title; and ...


It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Secretary of State, to the extent authorized by law,...


Congress finds that - (1) the various Cooperative Threat Reduction programs are being carried out at different rates in the various countries covered by such...


It is the sense of Congress that - (1) the Cooperative Threat Reduction programs and other United States programs authorized in title XIV of the National Defense ...


(a) Sense of Congress It is the sense of Congress that the allies of the United States and other nations should participate in efforts to ensure that stockpiles of...


It is the sense of Congress that - (1) the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Secretary of State should ...


(a) Reports Not later than 6 months after October 11, 1996, and every 6 months thereafter, the Director of Central Intelligence shall submit to Congress a report on - ...


(a) Annual report The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress by January 30 of each year a report on the threats posed to the United States and allies of the United...


(a) Establishment There is established within the Department of Energy a separately organized agency to be known as the National Nuclear Security Administration (in this...


(a) In general (1) There is at the head of the Administration an Administrator for Nuclear Security (in this chapter referred to as the ''Administrator''). (2) Pursuant...


(a) Status of Administration personnel Each officer or employee of the Administration - (1) shall be responsible to and subject to the authority, direction, and control...


(a) In general There is in the Administration a Deputy Administrator for Defense Programs, who is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. ...


(a) In general There is in the Administration a Deputy Administrator for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, who is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent...


(a) In general (1) There is in the Administration a Deputy Administrator for Naval Reactors. The director of the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program provided for under the...


There is a General Counsel of the Administration. The General Counsel is the chief legal officer of the Administration. ...


(a) In general The Administrator shall maintain within the Administration sufficient staff to assist the Administrator in carrying out the duties and responsibilities of...


Notwithstanding the authority granted by section 7253 of title 42 or any other provision of law, the Secretary of Energy may not establish, abolish, alter, consolidate, or...


(a) Policies and procedures required The Administrator shall establish procedures to ensure the maximum protection of classified information in the possession of ...


(a) Establishment (1) There are within the Administration - (A) an Office of Defense Nuclear Counterintelligence; and (B) an Office of Defense Nuclear Security. ...


(a) National security laboratories and nuclear weapons production facilities The Administrator shall, at each national security laboratory and nuclear weapons...


The Administrator shall establish appropriate procedures to ensure that any individual is not permitted unescorted access to any classified area, or access to classified...


(a) Procedures required The Administrator shall establish procedures to govern access to information on Administration computers. Those procedures shall, at a minimum,...


(a) Annual report on special access programs (1) Not later than February 1 of each year, the Administrator shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on ...


The Administrator may, for the purposes of carrying out the responsibilities of the Administrator under this chapter, establish not more than 300 scientific, engineering,...


(a) Authority An employee of the Department of Energy who is separated from the service under conditions described in subsection (b) of this section after completing 25 years...


(a) Except as otherwise expressly provided by statute, no funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available for the Department of Energy may be obligated or utilized...


(a) President's budget In each budget submitted by the President to the Congress under section 1105 of title 31, amounts requested for the Administration shall be set...


(a) Procedures required The Administrator shall establish procedures to ensure that the planning, programming, budgeting, and financial activities of the Administration...


(a) Submission to Congress The Administrator shall submit to Congress each year, at or about the time that the President's budget is submitted to Congress that year under...


(a) Compliance required The Administrator shall ensure that the Administration complies with all applicable environmental, safety, and health statutes and ...


The Administrator shall establish procedures to ensure that the mission and programs of the Administration are executed in full compliance with all applicable provisions of...


The Administrator shall, in cooperation with the Secretary of Defense, establish procedures and programs to provide for the sharing of technology, technical capability, and...


The Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator, shall establish appropriate procedures to provide for the use, in a manner consistent with the national security mission of...


For purposes of this chapter: (1) The term ''national security laboratory'' means any of the following: (A) Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico. ...


(a) Transfers There are hereby transferred to the Administrator all national security functions and activities performed immediately before October 5, 1999, by the...


(a) Transfer of funds (1) Any balance of appropriations that the Secretary of Energy determines is available and needed to finance or discharge a function, power, or duty or...


(a) Compliance with financial principles (1) The Under Secretary of Energy for Nuclear Security shall ensure that the compliance with sound financial and fiscal ...


Unless otherwise provided in this chapter, all provisions of law and regulations in effect immediately before the effective date of this chapter that are applicable to functions...




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