US State Code:United States CodeTITLE 47 - TELEGRAPHS, TELEPHONES, AND RADIOTELEGRAPHS


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All railroad and telegraph companies to which the United States has granted any subsidy in lands or bonds or loan of credit for the construction of either railroad or telegraph...


Whenever any telegraph company which shall have accepted the provisions of sections 1 to 6 and 8 (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title, prior to the effective date of the repeal of...


If any railroad or telegraph company referred to in section 9 of this title, or company operating such railroad or telegraph line shall refuse or fail, in whole or in part,...


In order to secure and preserve to the United States the full value and benefit of its liens upon all the telegraph lines required to be constructed by and lawfully belonging...


Any officer or agent of said railroad or telegraph companies, or of any company operating the railroads and telegraph lines of said companies, who shall refuse or fail to operate...


It shall be the duty of each and every one of the aforesaid railroad and telegraph companies annually to report to the Federal Communications Commission, with reasonable fullness...


Nothing in sections 9 to 15 of this title shall be construed to affect or impair the right of Congress, at any time hereafter, to alter, amend, or repeal sections 1 to 6 and...


On and after May 20, 1926, such amount of money as may be authorized by the Secretary of the Army may be withheld temporarily from the receipts of the Washington-Alaska Military...


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Any person who shall willfully and wrongfully break or injure, or attempt to break or injure, or who shall in any manner procure, counsel, aid, abet, or be accessory to such...


Any person who by culpable negligence shall break or injure a submarine cable in such manner as to interrupt or embarrass, in whole or in part, telegraphic communication, shall...


The provisions of sections 21 and 22 of this title shall not apply to a person who breaks or injures a cable in an effort to save the life or limb of himself or of any other...


The master of any vessel which, while engaged in laying or repairing submarine cables, shall fail to observe the rules concerning signals that have been or shall be adopted by the ...


The master of any fishing vessel who shall not keep his implements or nets at a distance of at least one nautical mile from a vessel engaged in laying or repairing a cable; or...


For the purpose of carrying into effect the convention described in section 30 of this title a person commanding a ship of war of the United States or of any foreign state for...


Any person having the custody of the papers necessary for the preparation of the statements provided for in article 10 of the said convention with respect to reports of...


The penalties provided in this chapter for the breaking or injury of a submarine cable shall not be a bar to a suit for damages on account of such breaking or injury. ...


When an offense against this chapter shall have been committed by means of a vessel, or of any boat belonging to a vessel, the master of such vessel shall, unless some other person...


Unless the context of this chapter otherwise requires, the term ''vessel'' shall be taken to mean every description of vessel used in navigation, in whatever way it is propelled;...


The provisions of sections 391-396 of title 33 shall extend to the trial of offenses against the provisions of sections 24 and 25 of this title. ...


The provisions of this chapter shall be held to apply only to cables to which the convention for the time being applies. ...


The district courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction over all offenses against this chapter and of all suits of a civil nature arising thereunder, whether the...


No person shall land or operate in the United States any submarine cable directly or indirectly connecting the United States with any foreign country, or connecting one portion of...


The President may withhold or revoke such license when he shall be satisfied after due notice and hearing that such action will assist in securing rights for the landing or...


The President is empowered to prevent the landing of any cable about to be landed in violation of sections 34 to 39 of this title. When any such cable is about to be or is landed...


Whoever knowingly commits, instigates, or assists in any act forbidden by section 34 of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined not more than $5,000,...


The term ''United States'' as used in sections 34 to 39 of this title includes the Canal Zone and all territory continental or insular, subject to the jurisdiction of the...


No right shall accrue to any government, person, or corporation under the terms of sections 34 to 39 of this title that may not be rescinded, changed, modified, or amended by...


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For the purpose of regulating interstate and foreign commerce in communication by wire and radio so as to make available, so far as possible, to all the people of the United...


(a) The provisions of this chapter shall apply to all interstate and foreign communication by wire or radio and all interstate and foreign transmission of energy by radio,...


For the purposes of this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires - (1) Affiliate The term ''affiliate'' means a person that (directly or indirectly) owns...


(a) Number of commissioners; appointment The Federal Communications Commission (in this chapter referred to as the ''Commission'') shall be composed of five commissioners ...


(a) Chairman; duties; vacancy The member of the Commission designated by the President as chairman shall be the chief executive officer of the Commission. It shall be his duty...


(a) There are authorized to be appropriated for the administration of this chapter by the Commission $109,831,000 for fiscal year 1990 and $119,831,000 for fiscal year 1991,...


(a) It shall be the policy of the United States to encourage the provision of new technologies and services to the public. Any person or party (other than the Commission) who...


(a) Assessment and collection The Commission shall assess and collect application fees at such rates as the Commission shall establish or at such modified rates as it...


(a) General authority (1) Recovery of costs The Commission, in accordance with this section, shall assess and collect regulatory fees to recover the costs of the following ...


(a) Regulatory flexibility Notwithstanding section 332(c)(1)(A) of this title, the Commission shall forbear from applying any regulation or any provision of this chapter to...


(a) Biennial review of regulations In every even-numbered year (beginning with 1998), the Commission - (1) shall review all regulations issued under this chapter in ...


(a) It shall be the duty of every common carrier engaged in interstate or foreign communication by wire or radio to furnish such communication service upon reasonable...


(a) Charges, services, etc. It shall be unlawful for any common carrier to make any unjust or unreasonable discrimination in charges, practices, classifications, ...


(a) Filing; public display Every common carrier, except connecting carriers, shall, within such reasonable time as the Commission shall designate, file with the Commission...


(a)(1) Whenever there is filed with the Commission any new or revised charge, classification, regulation, or practice, the Commission may either upon complaint or upon its...


(a) Whenever, after full opportunity for hearing, upon a complaint or under an order for investigation and hearing made by the Commission on its own initiative, the Commission...


In case any common carrier shall do, or cause or permit to be done, any act, matter, or thing in this chapter prohibited or declared to be unlawful, or shall omit to do any...


Any person claiming to be damaged by any common carrier subject to the provisions of this chapter may either make complaint to the Commission as hereinafter provided for, or may...


(a) Any person, any body politic, or municipal organization, or State commission, complaining of anything done or omitted to be done by any common carrier subject to this chapter,...


If, after hearing on a complaint, the Commission shall determine that any party complainant is entitled to an award of damages under the provisions of this chapter, the...


(a) Nothing in this chapter or in any other provision of law shall be construed to prohibit common carriers from issuing or giving franks to, or exchanging franks with each other...


(a) Every carrier subject to this chapter shall file with the Commission copies of all contracts, agreements, or arrangements with other carriers, or with common carriers not...


It shall be unlawful for any person to hold the position of officer or director of more than one carrier subject to this chapter, unless such holding shall have been authorized...


(a) Hearing The Commission may from time to time, as may be necessary for the proper administration of this chapter, and after opportunity for hearing, make a valuation of all...


(a) Exceptions; temporary or emergency service or discontinuance of service; changes in plant, operation or equipment No carrier shall undertake the construction of a new line...


(a) Access to records and documents The Commission shall examine into transactions entered into by any common carrier which relate to the furnishing of equipment, ...


The provisions of this chapter shall apply to all receivers and operating trustees of carriers subject to this chapter to the same extent that it applies to carriers. ...


In construing and enforcing the provisions of this chapter, the act, omission, or failure of any officer, agent, or other person acting for or employed by any common carrier or...


The Commission may inquire into the management of the business of all carriers subject to this chapter, and shall keep itself informed as to the manner and method in which the same...


(a) The Commission is authorized to require annual reports from all carriers subject to this chapter, and from persons directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by, or...


(a) Forms (1) The Commission may, in its discretion, prescribe the forms of any and all accounts, records, and memoranda to be kept by carriers subject to this chapter,...


(a) Repealed. Pub. L. 104-104, title VI, Sec. 601(b)(2), Feb. 8, 1996, 110 Stat. 143 (b) State jurisdiction over services Subject to the provisions of sections 225 and 301...


(a) In general Every telecommunications carrier has a duty to protect the confidentiality of proprietary information of, and relating to, other telecommunication...


(a) Prohibited acts generally Whoever - (1) in interstate or foreign communications - (A) by means of a telecommunications device knowingly - (i)...


(a) Definitions As used in this section: (1) The term ''utility'' means any person who is a local exchange carrier or an electric, gas, water, steam, or other public utility, ...


(a) Definitions As used in this section - (1) Common carrier or carrier The term ''common carrier'' or ''carrier'' includes any common carrier engaged in...


(a) Definitions As used in this section - (1) The term ''access code'' means a sequence of numbers that, when dialed, connect the caller to the provider of operator ...


(a) Definitions As used in this section - (1) The term ''automatic telephone dialing system'' means equipment which has the capacity - (A) to store or...


(a) Purpose It is the purpose of this section - (1) to put into effect a system of national regulation and review that will oversee interstate pay-per-call services; and ...


(a) In general The Commission shall prescribe such rules as are necessary to implement the requirements of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (47 U.S.C. 1001...


(a) Findings The Congress finds the following: (1) The rapidly developing array of Internet and other interactive computer services available to individual Americans ...


(a) Requirement to restrict access (1) Prohibited conduct Whoever knowingly and with knowledge of the character of the material, in interstate or foreign commerce by...


(a) General duty of telecommunications carriers Each telecommunications carrier has the duty - (1) to interconnect directly or indirectly with the facilities and...


(a) Agreements arrived at through negotiation (1) Voluntary negotiations Upon receiving a request for interconnection, services, or network elements pursuant to section...


(a) In general No State or local statute or regulation, or other State or local legal requirement, may prohibit or have the effect of prohibiting the ability of any entity...


(a) Procedures to review universal service requirements (1) Federal-State Joint Board on universal service Within one month after February 8, 1996, the Commission shall ...


(a) Definitions As used in this section - (1) Disability The term ''disability'' has the meaning given to it by section 12102(2)(A) of title 42. (2)...


(a) Purpose It is the purpose of this section - (1) to promote nondiscriminatory accessibility by the broadest number of users and vendors of communications products and ...


(a) Elimination of barriers Within 15 months after February 8, 1996, the Commission shall complete a proceeding for the purpose of identifying and eliminating, by...


(a) Prohibition No telecommunications carrier shall submit or execute a change in a subscriber's selection of a provider of telephone exchange service or telephone toll...


(a) Regulations required The Commission shall prescribe, within one year after February 8, 1996, regulations that require incumbent local exchange carriers (as defined in...


(a) Nondiscrimination safeguards Any local exchange carrier subject to the requirements of section 251(c) of this title that provides telemessaging service - (1) shall...


(a) Commission regulations Nothing in this part shall be construed to prohibit the Commission from enforcing regulations prescribed prior to February 8, 1996, in fulfilling...


(a) General limitation Neither a Bell operating company, nor any affiliate of a Bell operating company, may provide interLATA services except as provided in this section. ...


(a) Separate affiliate required for competitive activities (1) In general A Bell operating company (including any affiliate) which is a local exchange carrier that...


(a) Authorization A Bell operating company may manufacture and provide telecommunications equipment, and manufacture customer premises equipment, if the Commission authorizes...


(a) Limitations No Bell operating company or any affiliate may engage in the provision of electronic publishing that is disseminated by means of such Bell operating company's...


(a) Delayed entry into alarm monitoring (1) Prohibition No Bell operating company or affiliate thereof shall engage in the provision of alarm monitoring services before...


(a) Nondiscrimination safeguards After the effective date of the rules prescribed pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, any Bell operating company that provides...


It is the purpose of this chapter, among other things, to maintain the control of the United States over all the channels of radio transmission; and to provide for the use of...


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(a) Regulations The Commission may, consistent with the public interest, convenience, and necessity, make reasonable regulations (1) governing the interference potential...


Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the Commission from time to time, as public convenience, interest, or necessity requires, shall - (a) Classify radio stations; ...


(a) Establishment The Commission shall, within 30 days after October 18, 1990, initiate a rulemaking proceeding to prescribe standards applicable to commercial...


(a) After the standards required by section 303a of this title are in effect, the Commission shall, in its review of any application for renewal of a commercial or...


(a) Short title This section may be cited as the ''Television Program Improvement Act of 1990''. (b) Definitions For purposes of this section - (1) the...


No station license shall be granted by the Commission until the applicant therefor shall have waived any claim to the use of any particular frequency or of the...


(a) Frequencies; compliance with regulations; stations on vessels Radio stations belonging to and operated by the United States shall not be subject to the provisions of sections...


Section 301 of this title shall not apply to any person sending radio communications or signals on a foreign ship while the same is within the jurisdiction of the United States,...


(a) Grant The Commission, if public convenience, interest, or necessity will be served thereby, subject to the limitations of this chapter, shall grant to any applicant therefor...


(a) Writing; exceptions The Commission may grant construction permits and station licenses, or modifications or renewals thereof, only upon written application therefor...


(a) Considerations in granting application Subject to the provisions of this section, the Commission shall determine, in the case of each application filed with it to which ...


(a) Grant to or holding by foreign government or representative The station license required under this chapter shall not be granted to or held by any foreign government or...


(a) Notices of filing and hearing; form and contents When there is filed with the Commission any application to which section 309(b)(1) of this title applies, for an instrument of ...


(a) Revocation of station license or construction permit The Commission may revoke any station license or construction permit - (1) for false statements knowingly made...


The Federal Communications Commission may revoke any private operator's license issued to any person under the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 151 et seq.) who is found to...


(a) Revocation of licenses All laws of the United States relating to unlawful restraints and monopolies and to combinations, contracts, or agreements in restraint of trade...


After the effective date of this chapter no person engaged directly, or indirectly through any person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by, or under direct or...


(a) Equal opportunities requirement; censorship prohibition; allowance of station use; news appearances exception; public interest; public issues discussion opportunities ...


(a)(1) Any station license or construction permit may be modified by the Commission either for a limited time or for the duration of the term thereof, if in the judgment of...


(a) Disclosure of person furnishing (1) All matter broadcast by any radio station for which any money, service or other valuable consideration is directly or indirectly paid,...


The actual operation of all transmitting apparatus in any radio station for which a station license is required by this chapter shall be carried on only by a person holding...


(a) Requirements No license shall be issued under the authority of this chapter for the operation of any station unless a permit for its construction has been granted by...


The Commission is authorized to designate from time to time radio stations the communications or signals of which, in its opinion, are liable to interfere with the transmission...


(a) The transmitting set in a radio station on shipboard may be adjusted in such a manner as to produce a maximum of radiation, irrespective of the amount of interference which...


Every land station open to general public service between the coast and vessels or aircraft at sea shall, within the scope of its normal operations, be bound to exchange...


(a) At all places where Government and private or commercial radio stations on land operate in such close proximity that interference with the work of Government stations cannot...


In all circumstances, except in case of radio communications or signals relating to vessels in distress, all radio stations, including those owned and operated by the United...


(a) False distress signals; rebroadcasting programs No person within the jurisdiction of the United States shall knowingly utter or transmit, or cause to be uttered or transmitted, ...


Nothing in this chapter shall be understood or construed to give the Commission the power of censorship over the radio communications or signals transmitted by any radio station,...


The Secretary of the Navy is authorized, unless restrained by international agreement, under the terms and conditions and at rates prescribed by him, which rates shall be just...


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The Commission is authorized to designate any officer or employee of any other department of the Government on duty in any Territory or possession of the United States to...


(a) No person shall ship in interstate commerce, or import from any foreign country into the United States, for sale or resale to the public, apparatus described in subsection (s)...


(a) Very high frequency stations It shall be the policy of the Federal Communications Commission to allocate channels for very high frequency commercial television broadcasting...


(a) Factors which Commission must consider In taking actions to manage the spectrum to be made available for use by the private mobile services, the Commission shall consider, ...


No person shall willfully or maliciously interfere with or cause interference to any radio communications of any station licensed or authorized by or under this chapter or operated...


(a) Limitation Except as specifically provided in this section, the Commission shall not revise - (1) the regulations concerning equal employment opportunity as ...


(a) Proceeding required to review DBS responsibilities The Commission shall, within 180 days after October 5, 1992, initiate a rulemaking proceeding to impose, on providers of...


(a) Commission action If the Commission determines to issue additional licenses for advanced television services, the Commission - (1) should limit the initial eligibility...


(a) In general Not later than January 1, 1998, the Commission shall allocate the electromagnetic spectrum between 746 megahertz and 806 megahertz, inclusive, as follows: ...


(a) Carriage obligations (1) In general Subject to the limitations of paragraph (2), each satellite carrier providing, under section 122 of title 17, secondary ...


(a) Provisions relating to carriage of distant signals (1) Carriage permitted (A) In general Subject to section 119 of title 17, any satellite carrier shall...


(a) Except as provided in section 352 hereof it shall be unlawful - (1) For any ship of the United States, other than a cargo ship of less than three hundred gross tons,...


(a) Vessels excepted The provisions of this part shall not apply to - (1) A ship of war; (2) A ship of the United States belonging to and operated by the...


(a) Two radio officers required Each cargo ship which in accordance with this part is equipped with a radiotelegraph station and which is not equipped with a radiotelegraph...


(a) Each cargo ship which in accordance with this part is equipped with a radiotelephone station shall, for safety purposes, carry at least one operator who may be the master,...


The radiotelegraph station and the radio direction finding apparatus required by section 351 of this title shall comply with the following requirements: (a) The...


Cargo ships of three hundred gross tons and upward but less than one thousand six hundred gross tons may, in lieu of the radiotelegraph station prescribed by section 354 of...


Every ship required to be provided with survival craft radio by treaty to which the United States is a party, by statute, or by regulation made in conformity with a...


Insofar as is necessary to carry out the purposes and requirements of this part, the Commission shall have authority, for any ship subject to this part - (1) To approve...


(a) Transmission of information concerning safety at sea The master of every ship of the United States, equipped with radio transmitting apparatus, which meets with dangerous ice, a ...


The radio installation, the operators, the regulation of their watches, the transmission and receipt of messages, and the radio service of the ship except as they may be regulated...


(a) Each vessel of the United States to which the Safety Convention applies shall comply with the radio and communication provisions of said Convention at all times while the...


(a) In addition to any other provisions required to be included in a radio station license, the station license of each ship of the United States subject to this subchapter...


Nothing in this subchapter shall be interpreted as lessening in any degree the control of the Commission over all matters connected with the radio equipment and its operation...


The following forfeitures shall apply to this part, in addition to the penalties and forfeitures provided by subchapter V of this chapter: (a) Any ship that leaves or...


Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter or any other provision of law or regulation, a ship documented under the laws of the United States operating in accordance with...


Except as provided in section 382 of this title, it shall be unlawful for any vessel of the United States, transporting more than six passengers for hire, to be navigated in the...


The provisions of this part shall not apply to - (1) vessels which are equipped with a radio installation in accordance with the provisions of part II of this subchapter, or ...


The Commission shall exempt from the provisions of this part any vessel, or class of vessels, in the case of which the route or conditions of the voyage, or other conditions...


The Commission shall have authority with respect to any vessel subject to this part - (1) to specify operating and technical conditions and characteristics...


The Commission or an entity designated by the Commission shall make such inspections as may be necessary to insure compliance with the requirements of this part. In accordance...


The following forfeitures shall apply to this part in addition to penalties and forfeitures provided by subchapter V of this chapter: (a) Any vessel of the United States that...


The purpose of this subpart is to assist, through matching grants, in the planning and construction of public telecommunications facilities in order to achieve the following ...


There are authorized to be appropriated $42,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1992, 1993, and 1994, to be used by the Secretary of Commerce to assist in the planning...


(a) Applications for grants For each project for the construction of public telecommunications facilities there shall be submitted to the Secretary an application for a...


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(a) Construction and planning grants The Secretary, in consultation with the Corporation, public telecommunications entities, and as appropriate with others, shall ...


(a) The Secretary, in consultation with the Corporation, public telecommunications entities, and as appropriate with other parties, shall develop a long-range plan to accomplish...


(a) Purpose It is the purpose of this section to enhance the education of children through the creation and production of television programming specifically directed toward...


(a) Authorization for grants and contracts It is the purpose of this subpart to promote the development of nonbroadcast telecommunications facilities and services for the ...


(a) Congressional declaration of policy The Congress hereby finds and declares that - (1) it is in the public interest to encourage the growth and development of...


For the purposes of this part - (1) The term ''construction'' (as applied to public telecommunications facilities) means acquisition (including acquisition by...


(a) Prohibition Nothing contained in this part shall be deemed (1) to amend any other provision of, or requirement under, this chapter; or (2) except to the extent authorized...


No noncommercial educational broadcasting station may support or oppose any candidate for political office. ...


(a) ''Business or institutional logogram'' defined For purposes of this section, the term ''business or institutional logogram'' means any aural or visual letters or words, or...


(a) ''Advertisement'' defined For purposes of this section, the term ''advertisement'' means any message or other programming material which is broadcast or otherwise...


(a) Jurisdiction The district courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction, upon application of the Attorney General of the United States at the request of the...


(a) Procedure Any proceeding to enjoin, set aside, annul, or suspend any order of the Commission under this chapter (except those appealable under subsection (b) of this...


The Commission shall have full authority and power at any time to institute an inquiry, on its own motion, in any case and as to any matter or thing concerning which complaint...


Whenever an investigation shall be made by the Commission it shall be its duty to make a report in writing in respect thereto, which shall state the conclusions of the...


(a) After an order, decision, report, or action has been made or taken in any proceeding by the Commission, or by any designated authority within the Commission pursuant to...


The district courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction upon the relation of any person alleging any violation, by a carrier subject to this chapter, of any of the...


If a carrier does not comply with an order for the payment of money within the time limit in such order, the complainant, or any person for whose benefit such order was made, may...


Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, all orders of the Commission, other than orders for the payment of money, shall take effect thirty calendar days from the date upon...


(a) Filing of initial decisions; exceptions In every case of adjudication (as defined in section 551 of title 5) which has been designated by the Commission for hearing, the ...


(a) State joint boards; reference of communication matters; composition; jurisdiction, powers, duties, and obligations; conduct of proceedings; force and effect of joint...


(a) In any proceeding for the enforcement of the provisions of this chapter, whether such proceeding be instituted before the Commission or be begun originally in any district...


The copies of schedules of charges, classifications, and of all contracts, agreements, and arrangements between common carriers filed with the Commission as herein provided, and...


It shall be the duty of every carrier subject to this chapter to designate in writing an agent in the District of Columbia, upon whom service of all notices and process and...


Nothing in this chapter contained shall in any way abridge or alter the remedies now existing at common law or by statute, but the provisions of this chapter are in addition to...


(a) Recovery of charges by carrier All actions at law by carriers for recovery of their lawful charges, or any part thereof, shall be begun within two years from the time...


(a) Service Every order of the Commission shall be forthwith served upon the designated agent of the carrier in the city of Washington or in such other manner as may be...


Any person who willfully and knowingly does or causes or suffers to be done any act, matter, or thing, in this chapter prohibited or declared to be unlawful, or who willfully...


Any person who willfully and knowingly violates any rule, regulation, restriction, or condition made or imposed by the Commission under authority of this chapter, or any rule, ...


(a) Rebates and offsets Any person who shall deliver messages for interstate or foreign transmission to any carrier, or for whom as sender or receiver, any such carrier...


(a) Recovery The forfeitures provided for in this chapter shall be payable into the Treasury of the United States, and shall be recoverable, except as otherwise provided...


The trial of any offense under this chapter shall be in the district in which it is committed; or if the offense is committed upon the high seas, or out of the jurisdiction of...


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(a) Any vessel of the United States that is navigated in violation of the provisions of the Great Lakes Agreement or the rules and regulations of the Commission made in...


(a) Payments to station employees Subject to subsection (d) of this section, any employee of a radio station who accepts or agrees to accept from any person (other than...


(a) Influencing, prearranging, or predetermining outcome It shall be unlawful for any person, with intent to deceive the listening or viewing public - (1) To supply to...


(a) Violation with willful and knowing intent Any electronic, electromagnetic, radio frequency, or similar device, or component thereof, used, sent, carried, manufactured, ...


The purposes of this subchapter are to - (1) establish a national policy concerning cable communications; (2) establish franchise procedures and standards which ...


For purposes of this subchapter - (1) the term ''activated channels'' means those channels engineered at the headend of a cable system for the provision of ...


(a) Authority to establish requirements with respect to designation or use of channel capacity A franchising authority may establish requirements in a franchise with...


(a) Purpose The purpose of this section is to promote competition in the delivery of diverse sources of video programming and to assure that the widest possible diversity...


(a) Cable operator holding license for multichannel distribution or offering satellite service It shall be unlawful for a cable operator to hold a license for ...


(a) Carriage obligations Each cable operator shall carry, on the cable system of that operator, the signals of local commercial television stations and qualified low...


(a) Carriage obligations In addition to the carriage requirements set forth in section 534 of this title, each cable operator of a cable system shall carry the signals...


(a) Regulations Within one year after October 5, 1992, the Commission shall establish regulations governing program carriage agreements and related practices between...


A franchising authority shall, if the franchise requires franchising authority approval of a sale or transfer, have 120 days to act upon any request for approval of such sale...


(a) Authority to award franchises; public rights-of-way and easements; equal access to service; time for provision of service; assurances (1) A franchising authority...


(a) Payment under terms of franchise Subject to the limitation of subsection (b) of this section, any cable operator may be required under the terms of any franchise to pay...


(a) Competition preference; local and Federal regulation (1) In general No Federal agency or State may regulate the rates for the provision of cable service except to...


(a) Regulation by franchising authority Any franchising authority may not regulate the services, facilities, and equipment provided by a cable operator except to the...


(a) Findings The Congress finds that - (1) new and recent models of television receivers and video cassette recorders often contain premium features and functions ...


(a) Grounds for modification by franchising authority; public proceeding; time of decision (1) During the period a franchise is in effect, the cable operator may obtain...


(a) Commencement of proceedings; public notice and participation (1) A franchising authority may, on its own initiative during the 6-month period which begins with the 36th...


(a) If a renewal of a franchise held by a cable operator is denied and the franchising authority acquires ownership of the cable system or effects a transfer of ownership of...


(a) Purpose The purpose of this section is to promote the public interest, convenience, and necessity by increasing competition and diversity in the multichannel video...


(a) Commercial consumer availability of equipment used to access services provided by multichannel video programming distributors The Commission shall, in...


(a) Notice to subscriber regarding personally identifiable information; definitions (1) At the time of entering into an agreement to provide any cable service or other...


(a) Franchising authority enforcement A franchising authority may establish and enforce - (1) customer service requirements of the cable operator; and (2)...


(a) Unauthorized interception or receipt or assistance in intercepting or receiving service; ''assist in intercepting or receiving'' defined (1) No person shall...


(a) Entities within scope of coverage This section shall apply to any corporation, partnership, association, joint-stock company, or trust engaged primarily in the management...


(a) Actions to review determinations by franchising authorities Any cable operator adversely affected by any final determination made by a franchising authority under...


(a) Suits for damages prohibited In any court proceeding pending on or initiated after October 5, 1992, involving any claim against a franchising authority or other ...


(a) Regulation by States, political subdivisions, State and local agencies, and franchising authorities Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to affect any ...


(a) The provisions of - (1) any franchise in effect on the effective date of this subchapter, including any such provisions which relate to the designation, use,...


Nothing in this subchapter shall be deemed to affect the criminal or civil liability of cable programmers or cable operators pursuant to the Federal, State, or local law of...


Whoever transmits over any cable system any matter which is obscene or otherwise unprotected by the Constitution of the United States shall be fined under title 18 or imprisoned...


(a) Subscriber request Upon request by a cable service subscriber, a cable operator shall, without charge, fully scramble or otherwise fully block the audio and video...


(a) Requirement In providing sexually explicit adult programming or other programming that is indecent on any channel of its service primarily dedicated to...


(a) Limitations on cable regulation (1) Radio-based systems To the extent that a common carrier (or any other person) is providing video programming to subscribers...


(a) Acquisitions by carriers No local exchange carrier or any affiliate of such carrier owned by, operated by, controlled by, or under common control with such carrier...


(a) Open video systems (1) Certificates of compliance A local exchange carrier may provide cable service to its cable service subscribers in its telephone service...


(a) All duties, powers, and functions of the Interstate Commerce Commission under sections 9 to 15 of this title, relating to operation of telegraph lines by railroad and...


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(a) Orders, determinations, rules, regulations, permits, contracts, licenses, and privileges All orders, determinations, rules, regulations, permits, contracts, licenses,...


(a) Practices prohibited Except as authorized by chapter 119, title 18, no person receiving, assisting in receiving, transmitting, or assisting in transmitting, any interstate...


(a) Priority communications During the continuance of a war in which the United States is engaged, the President is authorized, if he finds it necessary for the national...


This chapter shall take effect upon the organization of the Commission, except that this section and sections 151 and 154 of this title shall take effect July 1, 1934. The...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter and the application of such provision to...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Communications Act of 1934.'' ...


(a) Establishment of regulations The Commission shall establish such regulations as are necessary to ensure reasonable access to telephone service by persons with ...


Any television public service announcement that is produced or funded in whole or in part by any agency or instrumentality of Federal Government shall include closed captioning of...


(a) The Federal Communications Commission shall initiate a combined inquiry and rulemaking proceeding for the purpose of - (1) determining the feasibility of imposing syndicated ...


(a) Commission inquiry Within 180 days after February 8, 1996, the Federal Communications Commission shall complete an inquiry to ascertain the level at which video programming...


(a) Purpose of section It is the purpose of this section - (1) to promote access to capital for small businesses in order to enhance competition in the...


The Federal Communications Commission shall encourage and support efforts by States to deploy comprehensive end-to-end emergency communications infrastructure and programs, based...


(a) Provider parity A wireless carrier, and its officers, directors, employees, vendors, and agents, shall have immunity or other protection from liability in a State of a...


As used in this Act: (1) Secretary The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Transportation. (2) State The term ''State'' means any of the several States,...


(a) Policy The Congress declares that it is the policy of the United States to establish, in conjunction and in cooperation with other countries, as expeditiously as practicable...


As used in this chapter, and unless the context otherwise requires - (1) the term ''communications satellite system'' refers to a system of communications satellites...


In order to achieve the objectives and to carry out the purposes of this chapter - (a) Executive functions; review; agency coordination; supervision of foreign...


There is authorized to be created a communications satellite corporation for profit which will not be an agency or establishment of the United States Government. ...


The corporation shall be subject to the provisions of this chapter and, to the extent consistent with this chapter, to the District of Columbia Business Corporation Act. The right...


...


(a) Authorized powers In order to achieve the objectives and to carry out the purposes of this chapter, the corporation is authorized to - (1) plan, initiate, construct,...


The corporation shall be deemed to be a common carrier within the meaning of section 3(h) (FOOTNOTE 1) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, and as such shall be...


Whenever the corporation shall enter into business negotiations with respect to facilities, operations, or services authorized by this chapter with any international or...


(a) Petition of Attorney General for equitable relief; venue If the corporation created pursuant to this chapter shall engage in or adhere to any action, practices, or...


The corporation shall transmit to the President and the Congress, annually and at such other times as it deems desirable, a comprehensive and detailed report of its...


...


(a) Administrative functions; agency coordination; spectrum and orbital space use; compatibility with domestic and foreign facilities The Secretary of Commerce shall - ...


...


For purposes of this subchapter - (1) the term ''person'' includes an individual, partnership, association, joint stock company, trust, or corporation; (2) the...


(a) Licensing for separated entities (1) Competition test The Commission may not issue a license or construction permit to any separated entity, or renew or permit...


(a) Limitation Until INTELSAT, Inmarsat, and their successor or separate entities are privatized in accordance with the requirements of this subchapter, INTELSAT, Inmarsat,...


The President and the Commission shall secure a pro-competitive privatization of INTELSAT and Inmarsat that meets the criteria set forth in this section and sections 763a through...


In securing the privatizations required by section 763 of this title, the following additional criteria with respect to INTELSAT privatization shall be applied as licensing...


In securing the privatizations required by section 763 of this title, the following additional criteria with respect to any INTELSAT separated entity shall be applied as...


In securing the privatizations required by section 763 of this title, the following additional criteria with respect to Inmarsat privatization shall be applied as licensing...


(a) NTIA determination (1) Determination required Within 180 days after March 17, 2000, the Secretary of Commerce shall, through the Assistant Secretary for...


(a) Access permitted Beginning on March 17, 2000, users or providers of telecommunications services shall be permitted to obtain direct access to INTELSAT...


(a) Limitations on signatories (1) National security limitations The Federal Communications Commission, after a public interest determination, in consultation with...


Nothing in this subchapter or the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 151 et seq.) shall be construed to authorize or require any preference, in Federal Government procurement...


(a) Technical coordination The Commission and United States satellite companies shall utilize the International Telecommunication Union procedures for technical coordination...


Effective on the dates specified, the following provisions of this chapter shall cease to be effective: (1) March 17, 2000: Paragraphs (1), (5) and (6) of section 721(a)...


(a) Annual reports The President and the Commission shall report to the Committees on Commerce and International Relations of the House of Representatives and the Committees...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commission shall not have the authority to assign by competitive bidding orbital locations or spectrum used for the provision...


(a) In general No satellite operator shall acquire or enjoy the exclusive right of handling telecommunications to or from the United States, its territories or possessions,...


The President shall secure the pro-competitive privatizations required by this subchapter in a manner that meets the criteria in part B of this subchapter. ...


(a) In general As used in this subchapter: (1) INTELSAT The term ''INTELSAT'' means the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization established...


...


(a) Definitions In this chapter, the following definitions apply: (1) The term ''NTIA'' means the National Telecommunications and Information Administration. (2)...


(a) Establishment (1) Administration There shall be within the Department of Commerce an administration to be known as the National Telecommunications and ...


(a) Revision of regulations Within 180 days after October 27, 1992, the Secretary of Commerce and the NTIA shall amend the Department of Commerce spectrum management...


(a) Interagency functions (1) Agency consultation Federal agencies shall consult with the Assistant Secretary and the NTIA to ensure that the conduct of telecommunications ...


...


As used in this subchapter: (1) The term ''allocation'' means an entry in the National Table of Frequency Allocations of a given frequency band for the purpose of its...


The Assistant Secretary and the Chairman of the Commission shall meet, at least biannually, to conduct joint spectrum planning with respect to the following issues: (1)...


(a) Identification required The Secretary shall, within 18 months after August 10, 1993, and within 6 months after August 5, 1997, prepare and submit to the President and...


(a) In general The President shall - (1) within 6 months after receipt of a report by the Secretary under subsection (a), (d)(1), or (f) of section 923 of this ...


(a) Allocation and assignment of immediately available frequencies With respect to the frequencies made available for immediate reallocation pursuant to section 923(e)(2) of...


(a) Authority of President Subsequent to the withdrawal of assignment to Federal Government stations pursuant to section 924 of this title, the President may reclaim...


(a) Additional reallocation Nothing in this subchapter prevents or limits additional reallocation of spectrum from the Federal Government to other users. (b) Implementation...


For purposes of this subchapter - (1) The terms defined in section 2510 of title 18 have, respectively, the meanings stated in that section. (2) The...


(a) Capability requirements Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section and sections 1007(a) and 1008(b) and (d) of this title, a ...


(a) Notices of maximum and actual capacity requirements (1) In general Not later than 1 year after October 25, 1994, after consulting with State and local law...


A telecommunications carrier shall ensure that any interception of communications or access to call-identifying information effected within its switching premises can be...


(a) Consultation A telecommunications carrier shall consult, as necessary, in a timely fashion with manufacturers of its telecommunications transmission and switching...


(a) Safe harbor (1) Consultation To ensure the efficient and industry-wide implementation of the assistance capability requirements under section 1002 of this ...


(a) Grounds for issuance A court shall issue an order enforcing this subchapter under section 2522 of title 18 only if the court finds that - (1) alternative technologies...


(a) Equipment, facilities, and services deployed on or before January 1, 1995 The Attorney General may, subject to the availability of appropriations, agree to...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subchapter a total of $500,000,000 for fiscal years 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998. Such sums are authorized to remain...


(a) Reports by Attorney General (1) In general On or before November 30, 1995, and on or before November 30 of each year thereafter, the Attorney General shall submit to ...


(a) Establishment of Fund There is hereby established in the United States Treasury a fund to be known as the Department of Justice Telecommunications Carrier Compliance...


The purpose of this chapter is to facilitate access, on a technologically neutral basis and by December 31, 2006, to signals of local television stations for households located...


(a) Establishment There is established the LOCAL Television Loan Guarantee Board (in this chapter referred to as the ''Board''). (b) Members (1) In general ...


(a) Authority to approve loan guarantees Subject to the provisions of this section and consistent with the purpose of this chapter, the Board may approve loan guarantees ...


(a) In general The Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service (in this chapter referred to as the ''Administrator'') shall issue and otherwise administer loan guarantees...


(a) Requirement The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct on an annual basis an audit of - (1) the administration of the provisions of this chapter; and ...


(a) Reinstatement of applicants as tentative selectees (1) In general Notwithstanding the order of the Federal Communications Commission in the proceeding described...


No loan guarantee may be approved under this chapter after December 31, 2006. ...


In this chapter: (1) Affiliate The term ''affiliate'' - (A) means any person or entity that controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control...


(a) Cost of loan guarantees For the cost of the loans guaranteed under this chapter, including the cost of modifying the loans, as defined in section 661a of title 2, there...


(a) Testing for harmful interference The Federal Communications Commission shall provide for an independent technical demonstration of any terrestrial service technology...




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