US State Code:United States CodeTITLE 45 - RAILROADS


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Every common carrier by railroad while engaging in commerce between any of the several States or Territories, or between any of the States and Territories, or between the District...


Every common carrier by railroad in the Territories, the District of Columbia, the Panama Canal Zone, or other possessions of the United States shall be liable in damages to...


In all actions on and after April 22, 1908 brought against any such common carrier by railroad under or by virtue of any of the provisions of this chapter to recover damages...


In any action brought against any common carrier under or by virtue of any of the provisions of this chapter to recover damages for injuries to, or the death of, any of its...


A regulation, standard, or requirement in force, or prescribed by the Secretary of Transportation under chapter 201 of title 49 or by a State agency that is participating...


Any contract, rule, regulation, or device whatsoever, the purpose or intent of which shall be to enable any common carrier to exempt itself from any liability created by this...


No action shall be maintained under this chapter unless commenced within three years from the day the cause of action accrued. Under this chapter an action may be brought in...


The term ''common carrier'' as used in this chapter shall include the receiver or receivers or other persons or corporations charged with the duty of the management and operation...


Nothing in this chapter shall be held to limit the duty or liability of common carriers or to impair the rights of their employees under any other Act or Acts of Congress. ...


Any right of action given by this chapter to a person suffering injury shall survive to his or her personal representative, for the benefit of the surviving widow or husband...


Any contract, rule, regulation, or device whatsoever, the purpose, intent, or effect of which shall be to prevent employees of any common carrier from furnishing...


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When used in this chapter and for the purposes of this chapter - First. The term ''carrier'' includes any railroad subject to the jurisdiction of the Surface Transportation...


The purposes of the chapter are: (1) To avoid any interruption to commerce or to the operation of any carrier engaged therein; (2) to forbid any limitation upon freedom of...


First. Duty of carriers and employees to settle disputes It shall be the duty of all carriers, their officers, agents, and employees to exert every reasonable effort to make...


First. Establishment; composition; powers and duties; divisions; hearings and awards; judicial review There is established a Board, to be known as the ''National ...


First. Board of Mediation abolished; National Mediation Board established; composition; term of office; qualifications; salaries; removal The Board of Mediation...


First. Disputes within jurisdiction of Mediation Board The parties, or either party, to a dispute between an employee or group of employees and a carrier may invoke the services...


Carriers and representatives of the employees shall give at least thirty days' written notice of an intended change in agreements affecting rates of pay, rules, or working...


First. Submission of controversy to arbitration Whenever a controversy shall arise between a carrier or carriers and its or their employees which is not settled either in ...


The agreement to arbitrate - (a) Shall be in writing; (b) Shall stipulate that the arbitration is had under the provisions of this chapter; (c) Shall state whether...


First. Filing of award The award of a board of arbitration, having been acknowledged as herein provided, shall be filed in the clerk's office of the district court designated...


(a) Applicability of provisions Except as provided in section 590(h) (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title, the provisions of this section shall apply to any dispute subject to this...


If a dispute between a carrier and its employees be not adjusted under the foregoing provisions of this chapter and should, in the judgment of the Mediation Board,...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter, and the application of such provision...


There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for expenditure by the Mediation Board in carrying out the provisions of this chapter. ...


Chapters 6 and 7 of this title, providing for mediation, conciliation, and arbitration, and all Acts and parts of Acts in conflict with the provisions of this chapter are...


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All of the provisions of subchapter I of this chapter except section 153 of this title are extended to and shall cover every common carrier by air engaged in interstate or...


The duties, requirements, penalties, benefits, and privileges prescribed and established by the provisions of subchapter I of this chapter except section 153 of this title shall...


The parties or either party to a dispute between an employee or a group of employees and a carrier or carriers by air may invoke the services of the National Mediation Board and...


The disputes between an employee or group of employees and a carrier or carriers by air growing out of grievances, or out of the interpretation or application of agreements...


When, in the judgment of the National Mediation Board, it shall be necessary to have a permanent national board of adjustment in order to provide for the prompt and orderly...


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If any provision of this subchapter or application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of such sections and the application of such provision to...


There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for expenditure by the Mediation Board in carrying out the provisions of this chapter. ...


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For the purposes of this subchapter - (a)(1) The term ''employer'' shall include - (i) any carrier by railroad subject to the jurisdiction of the Surface...


(a) Individuals eligible for annuities; disability standards; proof of continued disability (1) The following-described individuals, if they shall have completed ten years...


(a) Amount (1) The annuity of an individual under section 231a(a)(1) of this title shall be in an amount equal to the amount (before any reduction on account of age and before...


(a) Amount of spouses' annuities; age (1) The annuity of a spouse or divorced wife of an individual under section 231a(c) of this title shall be in an amount equal to the...


(a) Annuities under section 231a of this title Subject to the limitations set forth below, an annuity under section 231a of this title shall begin with the month in which ...


(a) Eligible annuities; applications; reversion; determination of status of recipient (1) Annuities under section 231a(a)(1) of this title and supplemental annuities...


(a) Administration This subchapter shall be administered by the Railroad Retirement Board established by the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 (45 U.S.C. 228a et seq.) as...


As part of the annual report required under section 231u(a) of this title, the Railroad Retirement Board shall submit to the Congress a report on the actuarial status of the...


Decisions of the Board determining the rights or liabilities of any person under this subchapter shall be subject to judicial review in the same manner, subject to the...


Employers shall file with the Board, in such manner and form and at such times as the Board by rules and regulations may prescribe, returns of compensation of employees, and, if...


(a) Recovery If the Board finds that at any time more than the correct amount of annuities or other benefits has been paid to any individual under this subchapter, or payment...


Any person awarded an annuity under this subchapter may decline to accept all or any part of such annuity by a waiver signed and filed with the Board. Such a waiver may be revoked...


(a) Every individual receiving or claiming benefits, or to whom any right or privilege is extended, under this subchapter or any other Act of Congress now or hereafter...


(a) Any person who shall knowingly fail or refuse to make any report or furnish any information required by the Board in the administration of this subchapter, including...


(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.), notwithstanding any other law of the United States, or of any ...


(a) Maintenance of account; authorization of appropriations The Railroad Retirement Account established by section 15(a) of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1937 (45 U.S.C....


(a) Establishment There is hereby created an account in the Treasury of the United States to be known as the ''Social Security Equivalent Benefit Account''. (b)...


Nothing in this subchapter shall be taken as restricting or discouraging payment by employers to retired employees of pensions or gratuities in addition to the annuities paid to...


It shall not be unlawful for carriers by railroad subject to this subchapter to furnish free transportation to individuals receiving annuities under this subchapter in the same...


(1) Except as provided in subdivision (2), the term ''employment'' as defined in section 216 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 416) shall not include service performed by an ...


(a) Reduced benefits If title II of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.) is amended at any time after December 31, 1974, to reduce the eligibility requirements...


If any provision of this subchapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, should be held invalid, the remainder of such subchapter, or the application of...


This subchapter may be cited as the ''Railroad Retirement Act of 1974''. ...


(a)(1) On or before May 1 of each year beginning in 1984, the Railroad Retirement Board shall prepare a five-year projection of anticipated revenues to and payments from the...


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For the purposes of this chapter, except when used in amending the provisions of other Acts - (a) The term ''employer'' means any carrier (as defined in subsection (b) of...


(a) Days for which benefits payable; determination of amount (1)(A) Payment of Unemployment Benefits. - (i) Generally. - Except as otherwise provided in this ...


An employee shall be a ''qualified employee'' if the Board finds that his compensation with respect to the base year will have been not less than 2.5 times the monthly...


(a-1) Day of unemployment or day of sickness There shall not be considered as a day of unemployment, or as a day of sickness, with respect to any employee - (i) any of...


(a) Publication of Board's regulations Claims for benefits and appeals from determinations with respect thereto shall be made in accordance with such regulations as the ...


Whenever there is duly tendered to the Board, by any person, any claim for unemployment compensation pursuant to the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act (45 U.S.C. 351 et seq.),...


Employers shall file with the Board, in such manner and at such times as the Board by regulations may prescribe, returns of compensation of employees, and, if the Board shall...


It shall not be unlawful for carriers to furnish free transportation to employees qualified for benefits or serving waiting periods under this chapter. ...


(a) Employer contribution (1) In general (A) General rule (i) Contribution rate generally Every employer shall pay a contribution, with respect to ...


(a) Failure to make report or furnish information; false or fraudulent statement or claim Any officer or agent of an employer, or any employee representative, or any...


(a) Funds constituting account; availability for benefits or refunds The Secretary of the Treasury shall maintain in the unemployment trust fund established pursuant...


(a) Maintenance of account; amounts constituting fund The Secretary of the Treasury shall maintain in the unemployment trust fund established pursuant to section 904 of the Social ...


(a) Witnesses; subpenas, service, fees, etc. For the purpose of any investigation or other proceeding relative to the determination of any right to benefits, or relative to any ...


(a) Omitted (b) Effect on State unemployment compensation laws By enactment of this chapter the Congress makes exclusive provision for the payment of unemployment benefits...


(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in any case where an employee amount (as hereinafter defined) was paid from a State unemployment fund to the Unemployment Trust...


The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to transfer from the account of the District of Columbia in the unemployment trust fund to the railroad...


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If any provision of this chapter or the application there of to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances,...


The provisions of the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act, as herein amended, shall be in full force and effect notwithstanding the enactment of the Internal Revenue Code. ...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act''. ...


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On or before July 1 of 1989, and of each calendar year thereafter, the Railroad Retirement Board shall submit to the Congress a report on the financial status of the railroad ...


An employee as defined in the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act (45 U.S.C. 351 et seq.) who has, after June 30, 1960, and before April 1, 1962, exhausted (within the...


The Secretary of Labor, upon request, shall furnish the Railroad Retirement Board information deemed necessary by such Board for the administration of section 401 of this title,...


There are authorized to be appropriated to the railroad unemployment insurance account, without fiscal year limitation, such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the...


Notwithstanding the provisions of section 358(a)2 (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title, the rate of contribution required to be paid under the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act (45 U.S.C....


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For the purposes of this chapter - (1) ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Transportation. (2) ''Board'' means the Surface Transportation Board. (3) ''Railroad'' means...


(a) Authority of Secretary; prerequisites; procedures; waiver The trustees of any railroad undergoing reorganization under section 77 of the Bankruptcy Act, as amended, upon...


The Secretary is authorized to, and shall as necessary, inspect and copy all accounts, books, records, memorandums, correspondence, and other documents of any railroad which...


(a) Forms and denominations; maturity dates; terms and conditions; interest rate; purchase and sale of obligations by Secretary of the Treasury; authorization of...


(a) In carrying out the provisions of this chapter the Secretary may use available services and facilities of other departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the...


In addition to other duties prescribed by section 77 of the Bankruptcy Act, the court shall maintain supervision of the expenditure of funds obtained pursuant to section 662 of...


The Comptroller General of the United States, or any of his duly authorized representatives, shall have access to such information, books, records, and documents as he...


The Secretary shall prescribe a guarantee fee in connection with each loan guaranteed under this chapter which shall be collected from the railroad upon repayment of the...


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(a) Findings The Congress finds and declares that - (1) Essential rail service in the midwest and northeast region of the United States is provided by railroads which...


As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires - (1) ''Association'' means the United States Railway Association, established under section 711 of this title; ...


(a) Establishment There is established, in accordance with the provisions of this section, an incorporated nonprofit association to be known as the United States...


(a) General The Association is authorized to - (1) monitor the financial performance of the Corporation; (2) review whether the goals and requirements of this chapter ...


The Corporation shall make available to the Association such information as the Association determines necessary for the Association to carry out its functions under this chapter....


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(a) Goals The final system plan shall be formulated in such a way as to effectuate the following goals: (1) the creation, through a process of reorganization, of a ...


(a) Preliminary system plan (1) Within 420 days after January 2, 1974, the Association shall adopt and release a preliminary system plan prepared by it on the basis of reports...


(a) General The Board of Directors of the Association shall deliver the final system plan adopted by the Association to both Houses of Congress and to the Committee on Energy...


(a) General Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the final system plan which is adopted by the Association and which becomes effective after review by the Congress is...


(a) General To carry out the purposes of this chapter, the Association is authorized to issue bonds, debentures, trust certificates, securities, or other obligations (herein...


(a) General The Association is authorized, in accordance with the provisions of this section and such rules and regulations as it shall prescribe, to make loans to...


(a) Records Each recipient of financial assistance under this subchapter, whether in the form of loans, obligations, or other arrangements, shall keep such records as...


(a) Emergency assistance The Secretary is authorized, pending the implementation of the final system plan, to pay to the trustees of railroads in reorganization such sums as...


(a) Secretary There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for purposes of preparing the reports and exercising other functions to be performed by him under...


(a) Purposes Prior to the date upon which rail properties are conveyed to the Corporation under this chapter, the Secretary, with the approval of the Association, is authorized...


(a) General The Association is authorized, in accordance with the provisions of this section, and such rules and regulations as it may prescribe, to invest from time to time...


(a) Federal investment In addition to the authority provided under section 726 of this title, the Association shall purchase shares of Series A preferred stock and...


(a) Progress and evaluation (1) The Association shall prepare and submit to Congress periodic reports on the progress of the Secretary in carrying out the provisions...


Members of the Board of Directors of the Association serving on the day before August 13, 1981, shall serve as an Advisory Board to the Association. A member of the Advisory Board...


(a) Establishment There shall be established within 300 days after January 2, 1974, in accordance with the provisions of this section, a corporation to be known as...


The Corporation shall have all of the powers and is subject to all of the duties vested in it under this chapter, in addition to the powers conferred upon it under the laws of...


(a) Deposit with court Within 10 days after delivery of a certified copy of a final system plan pursuant to section 719(c) of this title - (1) the Corporation, in exchange...


(a) Discontinuance (1) Except as provided in subsections (c) and (f) of this section, rail service on rail properties of a railroad in reorganization in the region, or of a...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law or contract, Conrail shall be relieved of any legal obligation to operate commuter service on January 1, 1983. ...


(a) Proposals If the Secretary or the Association determines that, as part of continuing reorganization, further restructuring of rail properties in the region...


(a) General On the date when the Corporation is required to deposit securities with the special court pursuant to section 743(a)(1) of this title, the Association shall...


(a) Audit (1) The Comptroller General of the United States is authorized to audit the programs, activities, and financial operations of the Corporation for any period during...


(a) General The Corporation may, in accordance with this section, file with the Commission an application for a certificate of abandonment for any line which is part of the...


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(a) Antitrust (1) Except as specifically provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, no provision of this chapter shall be deemed to convey to any railroad or employee...


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(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no railroad in reorganization shall withhold from any State, or any political subdivision thereof, the payment of the portion of...


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(a) General The Corporation may terminate the employment of certain employees, in accordance with this section, upon the payment of an allowance of $350 for each month of...


(a) General Any employee who is deprived of employment shall have the first right of hire by any other railroad for a vacancy for which he is qualified in a class or craft (or...


(a) Register (1) The Railroad Retirement Board (hereafter in this section referred to as the ''Board'') shall prepare and maintain a register of persons separated from...


(a) Election (1) Any employee who accepts any benefits under an agreement entered into under section 797 (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title or a termination allowance under section...


(a) General With respect to any craft or class of employees not covered by a collective bargaining agreement that provides for a process substantially equivalent to that...


All work in connection with the operation or services provided by the Corporation on the rail lines, properties, equipment, or facilities acquired pursuant to the provisions of...


(a) Agreement Not later than 60 days after the effective date of any conveyance pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, the representatives of the various classes or crafts...


(a) Liability for employee claims In all cases of claims, prior to April 1, 1976, by employees, arising under the collective bargaining agreements of the railroads ...


(a) Federal Government The liability of the United States under an agreement entered into or benefit schedule prescribed under section 797 (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title or...


No State may adopt or continue in force any law, rule, regulation, order, or standard requiring the Corporation to employ any specified number of persons to perform any...


(a) Purpose The Corporation shall enter into collective bargaining agreements with its employees which provide for the establishment of one or more advisory factfinding...


The Surface Transportation Board shall impose no labor protection conditions in approving an application under section 10902 of title 49 when the application involves a Class II...


Any dispute or controversy with respect to the interpretation, application, or enforcement of the provisions of this subchapter, except sections 797b, 797c, 797g, and 797l...


(a) Purpose It is the purpose of the Congress in this Act to provide the means to rehabilitate and maintain the physical facilities, improve the operations and structure,...


As used in this Act, unless the context otherwise indicates, the term - (1) ''Association'' means the United States Railway Association; (2) ''Commission'' means...


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For purposes of this subchapter: (1)(A) The term ''cost'' means the estimated long-term cost to the Government of a direct loan or loan guarantee or modification ...


(a) General authority The Secretary may provide direct loans and loan guarantees to State and local governments, government sponsored authorities and corporations, railroads,...


(a) Applications The Secretary shall prescribe the form and contents required of applications for assistance under section 822 of this title, to enable the Secretary to...


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(a) General Fair and equitable arrangements shall be provided, in accordance with this section, to protect the interests of any employees not otherwise protected under title V...


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(a) Congress hereby finds that - (1) the severe operating losses and the deteriorating plant and equipment of the Milwaukee Railroad threaten to cause cessation of...


As used in this chapter - (1) the term ''bankruptcy court'' means the court having jurisdiction over the reorganization of the Milwaukee Railroad; (2) the term...


(a) The Milwaukee Railroad may negotiate and enter into agreements to sell, to another rail carrier or any other person, all or any portion of its rail properties used in railroad ...


(a) Abandonment of lines of railroad under section 1170 of title 11 (1) Upon the occurrence of an event described in section 920(b) of this title, or on April 1, 1980, whichever...


(a) Submission of plan to Commission; approval; findings (1) No later than December 1, 1979, an association composed of representatives of national railway labor...


(a) to (c) Omitted (d) Authorization The Secretary of Transportation shall, under the authority of the Emergency Rail Services Act of 1970 (45 U.S.C. 661 et seq.), ...


Each person who is an employee of the Milwaukee Railroad on September 30, 1979, and who is separated or furloughed from his employment with such railroad (other than for cause)...


(a) Agreement between Milwaukee Railroad and labor organizations The Milwaukee Railroad and labor organizations representing the employees of such railroad may, not later than 20...


(a) Eligible employees Any employee of the Milwaukee Railroad - (1) who (A) is employed by the restructured Milwaukee Railroad, and (B) is separated from that employment...


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(a) Eligible employees Any employee who elects to receive a separation allowance from the Milwaukee Railroad under an employee protection agreement entered into under section...


Any employee who receives any assistance under section 909 or section 911 of this title or under an employee protection agreement entered into under section 908 of this title shall...


(a) There is authorized to be appropriated to provide supplementary unemployment insurance under section 909 of this title not to exceed $5,000,000. (b) There is authorized...


(a) Authorization The Secretary of Transportation, under the authority of section 831 of this title, shall guarantee obligations of the Milwaukee Railroad for purposes...


(a) Abandonment of lines of railroad under Bankruptcy Act Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in any case pending under section 77 of the Bankruptcy Act on November 4,...


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The provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) shall not apply to transactions carried out pursuant to this chapter. ...


(a) The Board may prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out its duties under this chapter. (b) In carrying out its duties under this chapter, the Board may ...


(a) Within 30 days after November 4, 1979, the Board shall publish, and make available for distribution by the Milwaukee Railroad to all its employees, a document which describes...


(a) Until the occurrence of an event described in subsection (b) of this section, the Milwaukee Railroad (1) shall maintain its entire railroad system, as it existed on October...


The Office of Rail Public Counsel may appear and be heard in the case in the bankruptcy court involving the reorganization of the Milwaukee Railroad, for purposes of...


If an event described in section 920(b) of this title occurs, resulting in the survival of less than the entire Milwaukee Railroad system, then any relief provided for such...


Congress hereby finds that - (1) uninterrupted continuation of services over Rock Island lines is dependent on adequate employee protection provisions covering Rock...


As used in this chapter, the term - (1) ''bankruptcy court'' means the court having jurisdiction over the reorganization of the Rock Island Railroad; (2) ''Board''...


(a) Situations requiring directed service; time period Notwithstanding the provisions of Public Law 96-131, the Commission shall order directed service for a period of not to ...


(a) Each person who is an employee of the Rock Island Railroad on August 1, 1979, and who, prior to January 1, 1984, is separated or furloughed (other than for cause) from...


(a) Authorization; time for agreement; use of funds The Secretary and the representatives of the various classes and crafts of employees of the Rock Island Railroad shall, not later ...


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(a) Assistance received under employee protection agreement; waiver of other employee protection benefits; exception Any employee who receives any assistance under an employee ...


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(a) The Commission shall give all proceedings involving the Rock Island Railroad preference over all other pending proceedings related to rail carriers and make all of its...


The provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and section 6362(b) of title 42 shall not apply to transactions carried out pursuant to...


(a) The Board may prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out its duties under this chapter. (b) In carrying out its duties under this chapter, the Board may ...


Within 45 days after May 30, 1980, the Board shall publish, and make available for distribution by the Rock Island Railroad to all eligible employees, a document which describes...


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(a) Eligible employees An employee who elects to receive a separation allowance under an employee protection agreement entered into or a benefit schedule prescribed under...


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During the 180-day period beginning on May 30, 1980, no rail line or facility of the Rock Island Railroad which has been approved for abandonment by the Commission or the...


(a) Use of tracks and facilities by other rail carriers; terms of compensation; continuation of service The Commission may authorize any rail carrier willing to do so ...


(a) Appeals Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any appeal from - (1) any decision of the bankruptcy court with respect to the constitutionality of any provision...


The Congress finds and declares that - (1) the processes set in motion by the Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 (45 U.S.C. 701 et seq.) have failed to create...


It is therefore declared to be the purpose of the Congress in this subtitle to provide for - (1) the removal by a date certain of the Federal Government's obligation...


It is the goal of this subtitle to provide Conrail the opportunity to become profitable through the achievement of the following objectives: (1) Nonagreement personnel ...


As used in this subtitle, unless the context otherwise requires, the term: (1) ''Amtrak'' means the National Railroad Passenger Corporation created under chapter 243...


(a) Special court; exclusive jurisdiction for civil actions Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the special court shall have original and exclusive jurisdiction over...


(a)(1) All transfers or conveyances of any interest in rail property (whether real, personal, or mixed) which are made under any provision of or amendment made by this subtitle...


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(a) Strikes interfering with rail freight service of Conrail Any person engaging in concerted economic action over disputes with Amtrak Commuter or any commuter authority shall...


Any cost reductions resulting from the provisions of or the amendments made by this subtitle shall not be used to limit the maximum level of any rate charged by Conrail for...


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(a) Final decisions involving railroads in bankruptcy Notwithstanding any other provision of subtitle IV of title 49, in any proceeding before the Commission under section 11324 or ...


(a) Responsibility of Conrail to provide crews terminated; negotiations for employee transfers After January 1, 1983, Conrail shall be relieved of the responsibility...


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For the purpose of computing the amount for which certificates of value shall be redeemable under section 746 of this title, the series B preferred stock and the common stock...


(a) The provisions of chapters 5 and 7 of title 5 (popularly known as the Administrative Procedure Act and including provisions popularly known as the Government in the Sunshine...


The Congress finds that - (1) the Alaska Railroad, which was built by the Federal Government to serve the transportation and development needs of the Territory of...


As used in this chapter, the term - (1) ''Alaska Railroad'' means the agency of the United States Government that is operated by the Department of Transportation as a...


(a) Authority of Secretary; time, manner, etc., of transfer Subject to the provisions of this chapter, the United States, through the Secretary, shall transfer all rail properties...


(a) Joint report by Secretary and Governor of Alaska; contents, preparation, etc. Within 6 months after January 14, 1983, the Secretary and the Governor of Alaska...


(a) Availability of lands among rail properties Lands among the rail properties of the Alaska Railroad shall not be - (1) available for selection under section 12 of the...


(a) Coverage under Federal civil service retirement laws; election, funding, nature of benefits, etc., for employees transferring to State-owned railroad; voluntary...


(a) Laws, authorities, etc., applicable to State-owned railroad with status as rail carrier engaged in interstate and foreign commerce (1) After the date of transfer...


(a) Access across Federal lands; application approval After January 14, 1983, the State or State-owned railroad may request the Secretary of the Interior or the Secretary of ...


(a) Reversion or payment to Federal Government for conversion to use preventing State-owned railroad from continuing to operate If, within ten years after the date of transfer...


If the Secretary has not certified that the State has satisfied the conditions under section 1203 of this title within one year after the date of delivery of the report referred to...


On the date of transfer to the State (pursuant to section 1203 of this title) or other disposition (pursuant to section 1210 of this title), that portion of rail properties of...


(a) Actions subject to other laws The provisions of chapter 5 of title 5 (popularly known as the Administrative Procedure Act, and including provisions popularly known as...


The provisions of this chapter shall govern if there is any conflict between this chapter and any other law. ...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of this chapter and the application of such provision to...


The Congress finds that - (1) the bankruptcy of the Penn Central and other railroads in the Northeast and Midwest resulted in a transportation emergency which required...


The purposes of this chapter are to transfer the interest of the United States in the common stock of the Corporation to the private sector in a manner that provides for the...


For the purposes of this chapter - (1) the term ''capital expenditures'' means amounts expended by the Corporation and its subsidiaries for replacement or ...


(a) Public offering managers (1) Not later than 30 days after October 21, 1986, the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and...


(a) Structure of public offering (1) After the registration statement referred to in section 1311(c) of this title is declared effective by the Securities and Exchange...


(a) Investment banking firm fees The Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, shall agree to pay to investment banking firms and...


(a) Obligations of Corporation During a period of 5 years beginning on October 21, 1986, the following obligations shall apply to the Corporation: (1) The Corporation...


(a) General (1) During a period of 3 years beginning on the sale date, no person, directly or indirectly, may acquire or hold securities representing more than 10 percent of...


The Board of Directors of the Corporation shall be comprised as follows: (1) Except as provided in paragraph (3), with respect to the period ending June 30, 1987, the...


(a) Enforcement actions The Secretary of Transportation, with respect to any provision of section 1321 or 1322 of this title, and any person who suffers direct and...


(a) Abolition and termination (1) Effective April 1, 1987, the United States Railway Association is abolished. (2) On January 1, 1987, all powers, duties, rights, and ...


(a) In general No person referred to in section 726(f)(8)(C)(i), (ii), or (iii) of this title shall be liable, for money damages or otherwise, to any party if, with respect to...


Within 60 days after October 21, 1986, the Corporation shall amend its Articles of Incorporation to contain the following provision, which provision shall not be subject to...


The Corporation shall be a rail carrier as defined in section 10102 of title 49, notwithstanding this subchapter. ...


Nothing in this subchapter shall affect any obligation of the Corporation to carry out its transportation contracts and equipment leases, equipment trusts, and conditional...


(a) Employee issues Section 4024 completely and finally - (1) extinguishes all employee rights, and any obligation of the United States, under section 761(e) (FOOTNOTE 1)...


(a) Treatment as new corporation (1) In general For periods after the public sale, for purposes of title 26, Conrail shall be treated as a new corporation which...




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