US State Code:United States CodeTITLE 23 - HIGHWAYS


(a) Definitions. - In this title, the following definitions apply: (1) Apportionment. - The term ''apportionment'' includes unexpended apportionments made under...


(a) HOV Passenger Requirements. - (1) In general. - A State transportation department shall establish the occupancy requirements of vehicles operating in high...


(a) In General. - For the purposes of this title, the Federal-aid systems are the Interstate System and the National Highway System. (b) National Highway System. - ...


(a) Administrative Expenses. - (1) In general. - Whenever an apportionment is made of the sums made available for expenditure on each of the surface transportation...


(a) General Rule. - For each of fiscal years 1998 through 2003, the Secretary shall allocate among the States amounts sufficient to ensure that each State's percentage of the...


(a) In General. - (1) Submission of plans, specifications, and estimates. - Except as otherwise provided in this section, each State transportation department shall...


(a) In any case in which the Secretary is requested by a State to acquire lands or interests in lands (including within the term ''interests in lands'', the control of access...


(a) In General. - (1) Availability of funds. - For the purpose of facilitating the timely and economical acquisition of real property for a transportation...


(a) In General. - The Secretary shall ensure that the plans and specifications for each proposed highway project under this chapter provide for a facility that will - ...


(a) In General. - (1) Allocation. - On October 15 of fiscal year 2000 and each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary shall allocate for such fiscal year an amount of...


(a) In General. - All agreements between the Secretary and the State transportation department for the construction of projects on the Interstate System shall contain a...


(a) In all cases where the construction is to be performed by the State transportation department or under its supervision, a request for submission of bids shall be made...


(a) The Secretary shall take such action as may be necessary to insure that all laborers and mechanics employed by contractors or subcontractors on the construction work performed...


(a) Construction Work In General. - The construction of any highways or portions of highways located on a Federal-aid system shall be undertaken by the respective...


(a) Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement, Surface Transportation, Bridge, Planning, and Research Projects. - (1) General rule. - Subject to paragraph (2), when...


(a) It shall be the duty of the State transportation department to maintain, or cause to be maintained, any project constructed under the provisions of this chapter or...


(a) Authorization of High Priority Projects. - The Secretary is authorized to carry out high priority projects with funds made available to carry out the high priority...


(a) Date Available for Obligation. - Except as otherwise specifically provided, authorizations from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out...


(a) In General. - (1) Projects. - The Secretary may approve projects for resurfacing, restoring, rehabilitating, and reconstructing - (A) routes on the...


(a) Interstate System Projects. - (1) In general. - Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the Federal share payable on account of any project on the ...


(a) In General. - The Secretary, from time to time as the work progresses, may make payments to a State for costs of construction incurred by the State on a project. Such...


(a) Definition of Eligible Debt Financing Instrument. - In this section, the term ''eligible debt financing instrument'' means a bond or other debt financing instrument, including...


(a) When a State shall pay for the cost of relocation of utility facilities necessitated by the construction of a project on any Federal-aid system, Federal funds may be used...


If the Secretary shall determine that it is necessary for the expeditious completion of projects on any of the Federal-aid systems, including the Interstate System, he may advance...


(a) General Eligibility. - Subject to this section and section 120, an emergency fund is authorized for expenditure by the Secretary for the repair or reconstruction of...


(a) General Rule. - Notwithstanding any other provision of law but subject to subsections (b) and (c), if at least 50 percent of a State's apportionment under section 104 or 144 for...


(a) In General. - No funds shall be apportioned in any fiscal year under section 104(b)(1) of this title to any State which does not permit the use of The Dwight D. Eisenhower...


(a) Any State transportation department which submits plans for a Federal-aid highway project involving the by passing of or, going through any city, town, or village,...


(a) Basic Program. - (1) Authorization for federal participation. - Notwithstanding section 301 of this title and subject to the provisions of this section, the...


(a) Subject to section 120 and subsection (b) of this section, the entire cost of construction of projects for the elimination of hazards of railway-highway crossings, including...


(a) The Congress hereby finds and declares that the erection and maintenance of outdoor advertising signs, displays, and devices in areas adjacent to the Interstate System and...


Where a proposed Federal-aid project is to be undertaken by a Federal agency pursuant to an agreement between a State and such Federal agency and the State makes a deposit with...


(a) Establishment. - The Secretary shall establish a surface transportation program in accordance with this section. (b) Eligible Projects. - A State may obligate funds...


(a) General Requirements. - (1) Findings. - It is in the national interest to encourage and promote the safe and efficient management, operation, and development...


(a) General Requirements. - (1) Findings. - It is in the national interest to encourage and promote the safe and efficient management, operation, and development...


(a) The Congress hereby finds and declares that the establishment and use and maintenance of junkyards in areas adjacent to the Interstate System and the primary system should...


(a) The Secretary may approve as a project on the Federal-aid urban system the acquisition of land adjacent to the right-of-way outside a central business district, as defined by...


It is hereby declared to be the national policy that special effort should be made to preserve the natural beauty of the countryside and public park and recreation lands,...


...


(a) Prior to approving any programs for projects as provided for in subsection (a) of section 105 (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title, the Secretary shall require assurances from any...


(a) Each State shall certify to the Secretary before January 1 of each year that it is enforcing all State laws respecting maximum vehicle size and weights permitted on...


(a)(1) To encourage the development, improvement, and use of public mass transportation systems operating motor vehicles (other than on rail) on Federal-aid highways for...


(a) State Defined. - In this section, the term ''State'' means the 50 States and the District of Columbia. (b) Projects. - (1) In general. - The Secretary shall carry...


(a) Congress hereby finds and declares it to be in the vital interest of the Nation that a highway bridge replacement and rehabilitation program be established to enable the...


(a) Protection of State Sovereignty. - The authorization of the appropriation of Federal funds or their availability for expenditure under this chapter shall in no way infringe...


(a) In order to conserve fuel, decrease traffic congestion during rush hours, improve air quality, and enhance the use of existing highways and parking facilities, the Secretary...


(a) High traffic sections of highways on the Federal-aid primary system which connect to the Interstate System shall be selected by each State transportation department,...


(a) As soon as possible after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall establish criteria for the location and construction or reconstruction of the Great River...


(a) Establishment. - The Secretary shall establish and implement a congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program in accordance with this section. (b)...


...


(a) National Bridge Inspection Standards. - The Secretary, in consultation with the State transportation departments and interested and knowledgeable private organizations...


(a) In General. - (1) Program. - Each State shall conduct and systematically maintain an engineering survey of all public roads to identify hazardous locations,...


(a) Authority To Make Grants. - The Secretary may make grants to a State in a fiscal year in accordance with this section if the State has in effect in such fiscal year - ...


(a) Definitions. - In this section, the following definitions apply: (1) Alcoholic beverage. - The term ''alcoholic beverage'' has the meaning given the term in...


(a) The Secretary is authorized to construct or reconstruct access highways to public recreation areas on lakes in order to accommodate present and projected traffic density....


(a) Minimum Charge. - Subject to section 142(f), a State shall charge, at a minimum, fair market value for the sale, use, lease, or lease renewal (other than for utility use...


(a) Definitions. - In this section, the following definitions apply: (1) Motor vehicle. - The term ''motor vehicle'' means a vehicle driven or drawn by mechanical power...


(a) Withholding of Funds for Noncompliance. - (1) In general. - The Secretary shall withhold 10 per centum of the amount required to be apportioned to any State under each of ...


(a) Withholding of Apportionments for Noncompliance. - (1) Beginning in fiscal year 1994. - For each fiscal year the Secretary shall withhold 5 percent of the amount required...


(a) General Authority. - The Secretary shall allocate to the States in each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997 amounts determined under subsection (b) for reimbursement of their original ...


(a) Withholding of Apportionments for Noncompliance. - (1) Fiscal year 1999. - The Secretary shall withhold 5 percent of the amount required to be apportioned to any State...


(a) Designation of Roads. - (1) In general. - The Secretary shall carry out a national scenic byways program that recognizes roads having outstanding scenic,...


(a) General Authority. - The Secretary shall make a grant, in accordance with this section, to any State that has enacted and is enforcing a law that provides that any person with...


(a) Definitions. - In this section, the following definitions apply: (1) Alcohol concentration. - The term ''alcohol concentration'' means grams of alcohol per...


In this subchapter, the following definitions apply: (1) Eligible project costs. - The term ''eligible project costs'' means amounts substantially all of which are paid by, or ...


(a) Eligibility. - To be eligible to receive financial assistance under this subchapter, a project shall meet the following criteria: (1) Inclusion in transportation plans...


(a) In General. - (1) Agreements. - Subject to paragraphs (2) through (4), the Secretary may enter into agreements with 1 or more obligors to make secured loans,...


(a) In General. - (1) Agreements. - Subject to paragraphs (2) through (4), the Secretary may enter into agreements to make available lines of credit to 1 or more...


(a) Requirement. - The State in which a project that receives financial assistance under this subchapter is located may identify a local servicer to assist the Secretary in...


The provision of financial assistance under this subchapter with respect to a project shall not - (1) relieve any recipient of the assistance of any obligation to obtain...


The Secretary may issue such regulations as the Secretary determines appropriate to carry out this subchapter. ...


(a) Funding. - (1) In general. - There are authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry out this subchapter - ...


Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of this subchapter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report summarizing the financial performance of the projects that are ...


The provision of this title shall apply to all unappropriated authorizations contained in prior Acts, and also to all unexpended appropriations heretofore made, providing for...


(a) On October 1 of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate the sums authorized to be appropriated for such fiscal year for forest development roads and trails according...


Funds authorized for forest development roads and trails, public lands development roads and trails, park road, parkways, refuge roads, Indian reservation roads, and public...


(a) Establishment. - (1) In general. - Recognizing the need for all Federal roads that are public roads to be treated under uniform policies similar to the policies...


(a) Funds available for forest development roads and trails shall be used by the Secretary of Agriculture to pay for the costs of construction and maintenance thereof, including...


(a) Definitions. - In this section, the following definitions apply: (1) Motorized recreation. - The term ''motorized recreation'' means off-road recreation using...


...


(a) The Secretary is authorized, out of the funds appropriated for defense access roads, to provide for the construction and maintenance of defense access roads (including...


...


(a) Funds appropriated for the Inter-American Highway shall be used to enable the United States to cooperate with the Governments of the American Republics situated in Central...


...


(a) Funds available for public lands development roads and trails shall be used to pay the cost of construction and improvement of such roads and trails. (b) Funds available...


(a) Recognizing the mutual benefits that will accrue to the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and to the United States...


(a) The United States shall cooperate with the Government of the Republic of Panama and with the Government of Colombia in the construction of approximately two hundred and...


(a) Use of STP and Congestion Mitigation Program Funds. - Subject to project approval by the Secretary, a State may obligate funds apportioned to it under sections 104(b)(2)...


(a) Recognizing the benefits that will accrue to the State of Alaska and to the United States from the reconstruction of the Alaska Highway from the Alaskan border to Haines...


...


Except as provided in section 129 of this title with respect to certain toll bridges and toll tunnels, all highways constructed under the provisions of this title shall be free...


(a) Any State desiring to avail itself of the provisions of this title shall have a State transportation department which shall have adequate powers, and be suitably equipped...


(a) Regulations. - Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall issue regulations for State development, establishment,...


It is declared to be in the national interest to encourage and develop the actual and potential capacity of small business and to utilize this important segment of our economy to...


Funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title to the extent approved as necessary by the highway department of any State, may be used for archeological...


(a) In General. - In carrying out the provisions of this title, the Secretary may, wherever practicable, authorize the use of photogrammetric methods in mapping, and the...


...


(a) The Secretary is authorized to perform by contract or otherwise, authorized engineering or other services in connection with the survey, construction, maintenance, or...


The President is authorized to utilize the services of the Federal Highway Administration in fulfilling the obligations of the United States under the Convention on the...


In order to assure that adequate consideration is given to civil defense aspects in the planning and construction of highways constructed or reconstructed with the aid of...


Funds made available under subsection (a) of section 104 of this title may be used to pay the entire engineering costs of the surveys, plans, specifications, estimates,...


The Secretary of Defense, upon request of the Secretary, is authorized to make temporary details to the Federal Highway Administration of officers of the Army, the Navy, and the Air ...


...


The Secretary is authorized in an emergency to use appropriations to the Department of Transportation for carrying out the provisions of this title for medical supplies, services,...


Except as provided in sections 204(f) and 205(a) of this title, the Secretary is authorized to prescribe and promulgate all needful rules and regulations for the carrying out of...


For the purposes of this title the consent of the United States is given to any railroad or canal company to convey to the State transportation department of any State, or...


(a) If the Secretary determines that any part of the lands or interests in lands owned by the United States is reasonably necessary for the right-of-way of any highway, or as a...


Federal highway funds shall not be used for the reconstruction or relocation of any highway giving access to an airport constructed or extended after December 20, 1944, or for...


(a) Landscape and Roadside Development. - The Secretary may approve as a part of the construction of Federal-aid highways the costs of landscape and roadside development,...


(a) Each executive department, independent establishment, office, board, bureau, commission, authority, administration, corporation wholly owned or controlled by the United States,...


...


(a) Definitions. - In this section, the following definitions apply: (1) Eligible project costs. - The term ''eligible project costs'' - (A) means the capital...


(a) Donations of Property Being Acquired. - Nothing in this title, or in any other provision of law, shall be construed to prevent a person whose real property is being acquired in ...


No person shall on the ground of sex be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal ...


...


The Secretary is authorized and directed to assist and cooperate with other Federal departments and agencies, State and local governments, private industry, and other...


(a) Each State shall have a highway safety program approved by the Secretary, designed to reduce traffic accidents and deaths, injuries, and property damage resulting therefrom....


(a) Authority of the Secretary. - (1) In general. - The Secretary is authorized to use funds appropriated to carry out this section to engage in research on all phases...


(a)(1) There is established in the Department of Transportation a National Highway Safety Advisory Committee, composed of the Secretary or an officer of the Department appointed...


(a) General Authority. - (1) Authority to make grants. - Subject to the requirements of this section, the Secretary shall make grants under this section to States...


(a) The Secretary is authorized to make grants to the States for the purpose of carrying out State programs approved by him of driver education and training for persons driving...


(a) In addition to other grants authorized by this chapter, the Secretary may make grants in any fiscal year to those States, political subdivisions thereof, and...


(a) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Secretary shall make grants to those States which adopt and implement effective programs to reduce traffic safety problems...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, reports, surveys, schedules, lists, or data compiled or collected for the purpose of identifying, evaluating, or planning the...


(a) General Authority. - (1) Authority to make grants. - Subject to the requirements of this section, the Secretary shall make grants to States that adopt and...


(a) General Authority. - (1) Authority to make grants. - Subject to the requirements of this section, the Secretary shall make grants to States that adopt and...


In this chapter, the following definitions apply: (1) Federal laboratory. - The term ''Federal laboratory'' includes a Government-owned, Government-operated laboratory and a ...


(a) General Authority. - (1) Research, development, and technology transfer activities. - The Secretary may carry out research, development, and technology...


(a) Technology Deployment Initiatives and Partnerships Program. - (1) Establishment. - The Secretary shall develop and administer a national technology deployment...


(a) National Highway Institute. - (1) In general. - The Secretary shall operate in the Federal Highway Administration a National Highway Institute (in this ...


(a) General Rule. - Two percent of the sums apportioned to a State for fiscal year 1998 and each fiscal year thereafter under section 104 (other than sections 104(f) and 104(h))...


(a) Establishment. - The Secretary may establish an international highway transportation outreach program - (1) to inform the United States highway community of ...


(a) In General. - The Secretary shall establish and carry out a surface transportation-environment cooperative research program. (b) Contents. - The program to be carried out...


(a) In General. - The Secretary shall - (1) establish a strategic planning process, consistent with section 306 of title 5 for the Department of Transportation to ...




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