US State Code:United States CodeTITLE 19 - CUSTOMS DUTIES


Except as hereinafter provided the reorganization of the customs service made by the President and communicated to Congress under date of March 3, 1913, shall, until...


The President is authorized from time to time, as the exigencies of the service may require, to rearrange, by consolidation or otherwise, the several customs-collection districts...


The Secretary of the Treasury shall direct the superintendence of the collection of the duties on imports as he shall judge best. ...


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Any officer of the customs service designated by the Secretary of the Treasury for foreign service, shall, through the Department of State, be regularly and officially attached to...


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On and after June 30, 1949, overtime compensation of customs officers and employees, as authorized by law, shall be based either on standard or daylight saving time, whichever...


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The compensation of all customs officers and employees provided for by sections 6, 7, 8, 13, and 51 of this title, and the expenses authorized by section 48 of this title, shall...


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The Secretary may charge such fees as may be necessary to cover the costs of providing services similar to or the same as services furnished by customs officers under the...


(a) Authorized airports, seaports, or other facilities The Secretary of the Treasury shall make customs services available and charge a fee for the use of such customs services at ...


Beginning in fiscal year 1998 and thereafter, such sums as may be necessary for expenses for the provision of Customs services at certain small airports or other facilities...


(a) Schedule of fees In addition to any other fee authorized by law, the Secretary of the Treasury shall charge and collect the following fees for the provision of...


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Every officer of the customs who demands or receives any other or greater fee, compensation, or reward than is allowed by law, for performing any duty or service required from him...


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All Acts and parts of Acts imposing fines, penalties, or other punishment for offenses committed by an internal revenue officer or other officer of the Department of the Treasury...


The Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe forms of entries, oaths, bonds, and other papers, and rules and regulations not inconsistent with law, to be used in carrying out...


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To aid in the enforcement of the customs and immigration laws along the Canadian and Mexican borders and to provide better facilities for such enforcement at points along such...


The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to expend, from the funds appropriated for the general maintenance and operation of the Customs Service, such amounts as may be...


If the master of any vessel shall obstruct or hinder, or shall intentionally cause any obstruction or hindrance to any officer in lawfully going on board such vessel, for the...


When used in this chapter - (a) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Commerce; (b) The term ''Board'' means the Board which is established to carry out the...


(a) Board authorization to grant zones The Board is authorized, subject to the conditions and restrictions of this chapter and of the rules and regulations made thereunder,...


(a) Handling of merchandise in zone; shipment of foreign merchandise into customs territory; appraisal; reshipment to zone Foreign and domestic merchandise of...


The Secretary of the Treasury shall assign to the zone the necessary customs officers and guards to protect the revenue and to provide for the admission of foreign merchandise...


Vessels entering or leaving a zone shall be subject to the operation of all the laws of the United States, except as otherwise provided in this chapter, and vessels leaving a zone...


(a) Application for establishment; requirements Each application shall state in detail - (1) The location and qualifications of the area in which it is proposed to...


If the Board finds that the proposed plans and location are suitable for the accomplishment of the purpose of a foreign trade zone under this chapter, and that the facilities...


The Board shall prescribe such rules and regulations not inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter or the rules and regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury made...


The Board shall cooperate with the State, subdivision, and municipality in which the zone is located in the exercise of their police, sanitary, and other powers in and in...


For the purpose of facilitating the investigations of the Board and its work in the granting of the privilege, in the establishment, operation, and maintenance of a zone,...


If the title to or right of user of any of the property to be included in a zone is in the United States, an agreement to use such property for zone purposes may be entered...


Each grantee shall provide and maintain in connection with the zone - (a) Adequate slips, docks, wharves, warehouses, loading and unloading and mooring facilities where the...


The grantee may, with the approval of the Board, and under reasonable and uniform regulations for like conditions and circumstances to be prescribed by it, permit other...


Each zone shall be operated as a public utility, and all rates and charges for all services or privileges within the zone shall be fair and reasonable, and the grantee shall afford...


(a) Persons allowed to reside in zone No person shall be allowed to reside within the zone except Federal, State, or municipal officers or agents whose resident presence is...


(a) Manner of keeping accounts The form and manner of keeping the accounts of each zone shall be prescribed by the Board. (b) Annual report by grantee Each grantee...


The grant shall not be sold, conveyed, transferred, set over, or assigned. ...


(a) Procedure for revocation In the event of repeated willful violations of any of the provisions of this chapter by the grantee, the Board may revoke the grant after four...


In case of a violation of this chapter, or any regulation under this chapter, by the grantee, any officer, agent or employee thereof responsible for or permitting any such...


If any provision of this chapter or the application of such provision to certain circumstances be held invalid, the remainder of this chapter and the application of such...


The right to alter, amend, or repeal this chapter is reserved. ...


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(a) Establishment; extent and duration; enforcement of laws applicable to waters adjacent to customs waters Whenever the President finds and declares that at any place or ...


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(a) Vessels subject to seizure and forfeiture Whenever any vessel which shall have been built, purchased, fitted out in whole or in part, or held, in the United States or ...


Subject to appeal to the Secretary of the Treasury and under such regulations as he may prescribe, when the Secretary of Transportation is shown upon evidence which he...


Any vessel or vehicle forfeited to the United States, whether summarily or by a decree of any court, for violation of any law respecting the revenue, may, in the discretion of...


Except into the districts adjoining to the Dominion of Canada, or into the districts adjacent to Mexico, no merchandise of foreign growth or manufacture subject to the payment...


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When used in this Act: (a) The term ''United States'', when used in a geographical sense, includes all Territories and possessions of the United States, except the...


If any clause, sentence, paragraph, or part of this Act, or the application thereof to any person, or circumstances, is held invalid, the application thereof to other persons, or ...


This Act may be cited as the ''Anti-Smuggling Act''. ...


(a) Notice to Secretary of the Treasury When the Secretary of Commerce is satisfied that the public interest in promoting trade will be served by allowance of the ...


Any article imported or brought into the United States - (1) which is in continuous customs custody, covered by a customs exhibition bond, or in a foreign trade zone, and ...


(a) Disposition upon payment of duties and taxes At any time before, or within 3 months after, the closing date of any fair, any article entered for such fair under section 1752 of ...


(a) Marking requirements of the customs laws Articles entered under section 1752 of this title shall not be subject to any marking requirements of the customs laws, except ...


(a) Sole consignee and importer Each fair operator designated by the Secretary of Commerce pursuant to section 1751 of this title shall be deemed the sole consignee and...


The Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe such regulations as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the provisions of this chapter (other than section 1751 thereof). ...


The purposes of this chapter are, through trade agreements affording mutual trade benefits - (1) to stimulate the economic growth of the United States and maintain...


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For purposes of this chapter - (1) Repealed. Pub. L. 93-618, title VI, Sec. 602(d), Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2072. (2) The term ''duty or other import...


(a) Determination by President; trade agreements; modification or continuance of existing duties Whenever the president determines that any existing duties or other...


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For purposes of this chapter, section 1821(b)(1) of this title (relating to limit on decrease in duty), sections 1841, 1843, and 1844 of this title (relating to certain...


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(a) Prohibition on decrease or elimination of duties or other import restrictions if such reduction or elimination would threaten to impair national security No...


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Any person who violates any national security export control imposed under section 2404 of the Appendix to title 50 or any regulation, order, or license issued under that section,...


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(a) Establishment; functions; membership and composition; participation of representatives of other agencies; meetings (1) The President shall establish an...


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Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter, in section 1351 of this title, or in section 401(a) of the Tariff Classification Act of 1962, any duty or other import restriction...


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(a) Repealed. Pub. L. 93-618, title VI, Sec. 602(d), Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2072. (b) The President may at any time terminate, in whole or in part, any proclamation made...


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Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to affect in any way the provisions of section 624 of title 7, or to apply to any import restriction heretofore or...


All provisions of law (other than this chapter and the Trade Agreements Extension Act of 1951) in effect after June 30, 1962, referring to section 350 of the Tariff Act of 1930,...


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(a) Guarantees, agreements for deferred participation, and loans In making and administering guarantees, agreements for deferred participation, and loans under section 1914...


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(a) Maintenance of records by recipients of assistance Each recipient of adjustment assistance under section 1913, 1914, or 1917 (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title, shall keep records...


Whoever makes a false statement of a material fact knowing it to be false, or knowingly fails to disclose a material fact, or whoever willfully overvalues any security, for...


In providing technical and financial assistance under sections 1913 and 1914 (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title, the Secretary of Commerce may sue and be sued in any court of record of...


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(a) Proclamation of increase in, or imposition of, any duty or other import restriction; report to the Congress; adoption of resolution of approval; request for...


(a) Negotiations After receiving an affirmative finding of the United States International Trade Commission under section 1901(b) (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title with respect to...


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The purposes of this chapter are - (1) to provide for the implementation of the Agreement Concerning Automotive Products Between the Government of the United States...


(a) Modification of Harmonized Tariff Schedule The President is authorized to proclaim the modifications of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States provided for in ...


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(a) Retroactive effect; authority of President Subject to subsection (b) of this section, the President is authorized, notwithstanding section 1514 of this title or any other ...


The President is authorized at any time to terminate, in whole or in part, any proclamation issued pursuant to section 2011 or 2012 of this title. ...


(a) Report on required comprehensive review No later than August 31, 1968, the President shall submit to the Senate and the House of Representatives a special report on the ...


A petition may be filed for tariff adjustment or for a determination of eligibility to apply for adjustment assistance under title III of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 (19...


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There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary from time to time to carry out the provisions of this subchapter, which sums are authorized to...


The head of any agency performing functions authorized by this chapter may - (1) authorize the head of any other agency to perform any of such functions; and ...


The President shall submit to the Congress an annual report on the implementation of this chapter. Such report shall include information regarding new negotiations, reductions...


Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to affect or modify the provisions of subtitle B of title VII of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1673 et seq.) or of any of...


The President of the United States is authorized to designate a Federal agency or agencies which shall be responsible for carrying out the provisions of the Agreement for...


Agencies of the Federal Government are authorized to furnish facilities and personnel for the purpose of assisting the agency or agencies designated by the President in carrying...


There shall be in the Department of the Treasury a service to be known as the United States Customs Service, and a Commissioner of Customs. The Commissioner of Customs, who shall...


(a) Appointment by Secretary of the Treasury The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to appoint, in the service established by section 2071 of this title, one assistant ...


(a) Repealed. Sept. 3, 1954, ch. 1263, Sec. 10, 68 Stat. 1229. (b) The records, property (including office equipment), and personnel of the Division of Customs are transferred...


There is established a revolving fund of $300,000 which shall be available, without fiscal year limitation exclusively for transfer to the appropriation for collecting the...


(a) In general (1) For the fiscal year beginning October 1, 1979, and each fiscal year thereafter, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of the Treasury...


Section 3324(a) and (b) of title 31 shall not apply to payments made for the United States Customs Service in foreign countries. ...


The Commissioner of Customs, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, is authorized to direct the advance of funds by the Fiscal Service, Treasury Department, in...


A certificate by the Commissioner of Customs stating the amount of an expenditure made from funds advanced and certifying that the confidential nature of the transaction...


The provisions of this Act shall not affect payments made for the United States Customs Service in foreign countries, nor the right of any customs officer or employee to...


Advances pursuant to this Act, in connection with the enforcement of the customs laws may be made, notwithstanding the provisions of section 3324(a) and (b) of title 31, from...


(a) Certification required for exemption of undercover operations from certain laws With respect to any undercover investigative operation of the United States Customs...


(a) In general The Commissioner of Customs shall - (1) develop and implement accounting systems that accurately determine and report the allocations made of Customs...


(a) Violation estimates Not later than 30 days before the beginning of each fiscal year after fiscal year 1991, the Commissioner of Customs shall submit to the Committee on...


The Secretary, after consultation with the Secretary of State, by regulation shall promulgate, and thereafter when appropriate shall revise, a list of stone carvings and wall...


(a) Issuance by country of export No pre-Columbian monumental or architectural sculpture or mural which is exported (whether or not such exportation is to the United States)...


(a) Seizure Any pre-Columbian monumental or architectural sculpture or mural imported into the United States in violation of this chapter shall be seized and subject to...


The Secretary shall prescribe such rules and regulations as are necessary and appropriate to carry out the provisions of this chapter. ...


For the purposes of this chapter - (1) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of the Treasury. (2) The term ''United States'' includes the several States, the ...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Trade Act of 1974''. ...


The purposes of this chapter are, through trade agreements affording mutual benefits - (1) to foster the economic growth of and full employment in the United States and...


(a) Presidential authority to enter into agreement; modification or continuance of existing duties Whenever the President determines that any existing duties or other...


(a) Congressional findings; directives; disavowal of prior approval of legislation The Congress finds that barriers to (and other distortions of) international trade...


The overall United States negotiating objective under sections 2111 and 2112 of this title shall be to obtain more open and equitable market access and the harmonization,...


(a) Obtaining equivalent competitive opportunities A principal United States negotiating objective under sections 2111 and 2112 of this title shall be to obtain, to the maximum ...


(a) Trade in services (1) In general Principal United States negotiating objectives under section 2112 of this title shall be - (A) to reduce or to...


(1) The Secretary of Commerce shall establish a service industries development program designed to - (A) develop, in consultation with other Federal agencies as ...


(1)(A) The United States Trade Representative, through the interagency trade organization established pursuant to section 1872(a) of this title or any subcommittee thereof, shall,...


(1) If the United States Trade Representative, with the advice of the committee established by section 1872 of this title, determines that action by the United States is...


The President may enter into such bilateral or multilateral agreements as may be necessary or appropriate to achieve the objectives of this section and the negotiating...


If the President determines that bilateral trade agreements will more effectively promote the economic growth of, and full employment in, the United States, then, in such cases, a ...


A United States negotiating objective under sections 2111 and 2112 of this title shall be to enter into trade agreements which promote the economic growth of both developing...


(a) Harmonization, reduction, or elimination of barriers and distortions affecting international trade; use of temporary measures A principal United States...


(a) Fair and equitable access A principal United States negotiating objective under section 2112 of this title shall be to enter into trade agreements with foreign countries...


(a) Maximum aggregate reductions in rates of duty Except as otherwise provided in this section, the aggregate reduction in the rate of duty on any article which is in effect on ...


There are authorized to be appropriated annually such sums as may be necessary for the payment by the United States of its share of the expenses of the Contracting Parties to...


(a) Presidential proclamations of temporary import surcharges and temporary limitations on imports through quotas in situations of fundamental international payments problems ...


(a) New concessions Whenever - (1) any action taken under part 1 of subchapter II of this chapter or subchapter III of this chapter, or under part 2 of subchapter...


(a) Trade agreements Whenever the President determines that any existing duties or other import restrictions of any foreign country or the United States are unduly burdening...


(a) Grant of authority for termination or withdrawal at end of period specified in agreement Every trade agreement entered into under this chapter shall be subject...


(a) Direct and indirect imports Except as otherwise provided in this chapter or in any other provision of law, any duty or other import restriction or duty-free ...


(a) National security considerations No proclamation shall be made pursuant to the provisions of this chapter reducing or eliminating the duty or other import restriction on...


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(a) Lists of articles which may be considered for action (1) In connection with any proposed trade agreement under section 2133 of this title or section 2902(a) or (c) of this...


Before any trade agreement is entered into under section 2133 of this title or section 2902 of this title, the President shall seek information and advice with respect to...


(a) Opportunity for presentation of views In connection with any proposed trade agreement under section 2133 of this title or section 2902 of this title, the President ...


(a) In any negotiation seeking an agreement under section 2133 of this title or section 2902 of this title, the President may make a formal offer for the modification or...


(a) In general (1) The President shall seek information and advice from representative elements of the private sector and the non-Federal governmental sector with respect to - ...


(a) Establishment within Executive Office of the President There is established within the Executive Office of the President the Office of the United States Trade...


(a) Rules of House of Representatives and Senate This section and sections 2192 and 2193 of this title are enacted by the Congress - (1) as an exercise of the rulemaking...


(a) Contents of resolutions (1) For purposes of this section, the term ''resolution'' means only - (A) a joint resolution of the two Houses of the Congress, the ...


(a) Contents of resolution For purposes of this section, the term ''resolution'' means only a joint resolution of the two Houses of Congress, the matter after the resolving...


(a) Delivery of documents to both Houses Whenever, pursuant to section 2112(e), 2253(b), 2432(d), or 2437(a) or (b), a document is required to be transmitted to the ...


(a) Selection (1) At the beginning of each regular session of Congress, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, upon the recommendation of the chairman of the Committee...


(a) Submission of copy and reasons As soon as practicable after a trade agreement entered into under section 2133 or 2134 of this title or under section 2902 of this title...


(a) Annual report on trade agreements program and national trade policy agenda (1) The President shall submit to the Congress during each calendar year (but not later...


(a) Former United States Tariff Commission The United States Tariff Commission (established by section 1330 of this title) is renamed as the United States International Trade ...


Effective with respect to the fiscal year beginning October 1, 1976, for purposes of chapter 11 of title 31, estimated expenditures and proposed appropriations for the United States ...


(a) National trade estimates (1) In general For calendar year 1988, and for each succeeding calendar year, the United States Trade Representative, through the interagency ...


(a) In general By no later than the date that is 30 days after the date on which the annual report is submitted to Congressional committees under section 2241(b) of this...


(a) Presidential action If the United States International Trade Commission (hereinafter referred to in this part as the ''Commission'') determines under section 2252(b) of...


(a) Petitions and adjustment plans (1) A petition requesting action under this part for the purpose of facilitating positive adjustment to import competition may be filed with...


(a) In general (1)(A) After receiving a report under section 2252(f) of this title containing an affirmative finding regarding serious injury, or the threat thereof, to a...


(a) Monitoring (1) So long as any action taken under section 2253 of this title remains in effect, the Commission shall monitor developments with respect to the domestic...


(a) Filing of petition; publication of notice A petition for a certification of eligibility to apply for adjustment assistance under this subpart may be filed with the ...


(a) The Secretary shall certify a group of workers (including workers in any agricultural firm or subdivision of an agricultural firm) as eligible to apply for adjustment...


(a) Certification of eligibility As soon as possible after the date on which a petition is filed under section 2271 of this title, but in any event not later than 60 days...


(a) Subject matter of study Whenever the International Trade Commission (hereafter referred to in this part as the ''Commission'') begins an investigation under section 2252...


(a) The Secretary shall provide full information to workers about the benefit allowances, training, and other employment services available under this part and about the petition...


(a) Trade readjustment allowance conditions Payment of a trade readjustment allowance shall be made to an adversely affected worker covered by a certification under subpart A...


(a) Formula Subject to subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the trade readjustment allowance payable to an adversely affected worker for a week of total unemployment shall...


(a) Maximum allowance; deduction for unemployment insurance; additional payments for approved training periods (1) The maximum amount of trade readjustment allowances payable ...


Except where inconsistent with the provisions of this part and subject to such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, the availability and disqualification provisions of...


The Secretary shall make every reasonable effort to secure for adversely affected workers covered by a certification under subpart A of this part counseling, testing, and...


(a) Approval of training; limitation on expenditures; reasonable expectation of employment; payment of costs; approved training programs; nonduplication of payments from...


(a) Terms Any adversely affected worker covered by a certification under subpart A of this part may file an application with the Secretary for a job search allowance....


(a) Filing of application Any adversely affected worker covered by a certification under subpart A of this part may file an application with the Secretary for a...


(a) Authority of Secretary to enter into agreements The Secretary is authorized on behalf of the United States to enter into an agreement with any State, or with any State agency ...


(a) Promulgation of regulations; fair hearing In any State where there is no agreement in force between a State or its agency under section 2311 of this title, the Secretary shall ...


(a) Certification to Secretary of the Treasury for payment to cooperating States The Secretary shall from time to time certify to the Secretary of the Treasury for payment...


(a) Certifying officer No person designated by the Secretary, or designated pursuant to an agreement under this subpart, as a certifying officer, shall, in the absence of...


(a) Repayment; deductions (1) If a cooperating State agency, the Secretary, or a court of competent jurisdiction determines that any person has received any payment under...


Whoever makes a false statement of a material fact knowing it to be false, or knowingly fails to disclose a material fact, for the purpose of obtaining or increasing for himself...


(a) In general There are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Labor, for the period beginning October 1, 1998, and ending September 30, 2001, such sums as may...


(a) Establishment of projects; purpose The Secretary shall establish one or more demonstration projects during fiscal years 1989 and 1990 for the purpose of - (1)...


For purposes of this part - (1) The term ''adversely affected employment'' means employment in a firm or appropriate subdivision of a firm, if workers of such firm...


The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this part. ...


(a) Subpena by Secretary The Secretary may require by subpena the attendance of witnesses and the production of evidence necessary for him to make a determination under...


No worker may receive assistance relating to a separation pursuant to certifications under both subparts A and D of this part. ...


(a) Group eligibility requirements (1) Criteria A group of workers (including workers in any agricultural firm or subdivision of an agricultural firm) shall be certified...


(a) Filing of petition; receipt of petition; initiation of investigation A petition for a certification of eligibility to apply for adjustment assistance under this part...


(a) Application for adjustment assistance A firm certified under section 2341 of this title as eligible to apply for adjustment assistance may, at any time within 2 years ...


(a) Discretion of Secretary; types of assistance The Secretary may provide a firm, on terms and conditions as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, with such technical ...


(a) Direct loans and guarantees of loans The Secretary may provide to a firm, on such terms and conditions as he determines to be appropriate, such financial assistance in ...


(a) Unavailability of firm's resources; reasonable assurance of repayment No financial assistance shall be provided under this part unless the Secretary determines - ...


(a) Delegation of functions as to eligibility certification In the case of any firm which is small (within the meaning of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.)...


(a) Powers of Secretary In making and administering guarantees and loans under section 2344 of this title, the Secretary may - (1) require security for any such guarantee...


(a) Recordkeeping Each recipient of adjustment assistance under this part shall keep records which fully disclose the amount and disposition by such recipient of the proceeds,...


Whoever makes a false statement of a material fact knowing it to be false, or knowingly fails to disclose a material fact, or whoever willfully overvalues any security, for...


In providing technical and financial assistance under this part the Secretary may sue and be sued in any court of record of a State having general jurisdiction or in any United...


For purposes of this part, the term ''firm'' includes an individual proprietorship, partnership, joint venture, association, corporation (including a development...


The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this part. ...


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(a) Subject matter of study Whenever the Commission begins an investigation under section 2252 of this title with respect to an industry, the Commission shall immediately...


(a) Technical assistance The Secretary may provide technical assistance, on such terms and conditions as the Secretary deems appropriate, for the establishment of...


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(a) Adjustment assistance programs The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a study of the adjustment assistance programs established under parts 2, 3, and 4...


There is established the Adjustment Assistance Coordinating Committee to consist of a Deputy United States Trade Representative as Chairman, and the officials charged with...


The Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of Labor shall establish and maintain a program to monitor imports of articles into the United States which will reflect changes in...


Before moving productive facilities from the United States to a foreign country, every firm should - (1) provide notice of the move to its employees who are likely to...


(a) Petition for review; time and place of filing A worker, group of workers, certified or recognized union, or authorized representative of such worker or group aggrieved by a ...


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(a) Mandatory action (1) If the United States Trade Representative determines under section 2414(a)(1) of this title that - (A) the rights of the United States under any...


(a) Petitions (1) Any interested person may file a petition with the Trade Representative requesting that action be taken under section 2411 of this title and setting forth...


(a) In general (1) On the date on which an investigation is initiated under section 2412 of this title, the Trade Representative, on behalf of the United States, shall...


(a) In general (1) On the basis of the investigation initiated under section 2412 of this title and the consultations (and the proceedings, if applicable) under section 2413...


(a) Actions to be taken under section 2411 (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Trade Representative shall implement the action the Trade Representative determines ...


(a) In general The Trade Representative shall monitor the implementation of each measure undertaken, or agreement that is entered into, by a foreign country to provide...


(a) In general (1) The Trade Representative may modify or terminate any action, subject to the specific direction, if any, of the President with respect to such action, that...


(a) In general Upon receipt of written request therefor from any person, the Trade Representative shall make available to that person information (other than that to...


The Trade Representative shall - (1) issue regulations concerning the filing of petitions and the conduct of investigations and hearings under this subchapter, (2)...


(a) Identification (1) Within 180 days after the submission in calendar year 1995 of the report required by section 2241(b) of this title, the Trade Representative shall - ...


Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter, the President shall continue to deny nondiscriminatory treatment to the products of any country, the products of which were...


(a) Actions of nonmarket economy countries making them ineligible for normal trade relations, programs of credits, credit guarantees, or investment guarantees, or...


(a) Penalty for noncooperating countries Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if the President determines that a nonmarket economy country is not cooperating with ...


(a) Presidential proclamation Subject to the provisions of section 2435(c) of this title, the President may by proclamation extend nondiscriminatory treatment to the products of...


(a) Presidential authority Subject to the provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the President may authorize the entry into force of bilateral...


(a) Investigation by International Trade Commission; report; publication (1) Upon the filing of a petition by an entity described in section 2252(a) of this title,...


(a) Transmission of nondiscriminatory treatment documents to Congress Whenever the President issues a proclamation under section 2434 of this title extending...


(a) Renegotiation of 1974 agreement The arrangement initialed on July 5, 1974, with respect to the settlement of the claims of citizens and nationals of the United States...


(a) Sanctions for emigration restrictions To assure the continued dedication of the United States to the fundamental human rights and welfare of its own citizens, and ...


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(a) Presidential action If a product of the People's Republic of China is being imported into the United States in such increased quantities or under such conditions as to...


(a) Monitoring by Customs Service In any case in which a WTO member other than the United States requests consultations with the People's Republic of China under ...


(a) To carry out restrictions and monitoring The President shall by regulation provide for the efficient and fair administration of any restriction proclaimed pursuant to the ...


The President may provide duty-free treatment for any eligible article from any beneficiary developing country in accordance with the provisions of this subchapter. In taking...


(a) Authority to designate countries (1) Beneficiary developing countries The President is authorized to designate countries as beneficiary developing countries for...


(a) Eligible articles (1) Designation (A) In general Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the President is authorized to designate articles...


The President shall submit an annual report to the Congress on the status of internationally recognized worker rights within each beneficiary developing country, including...


No duty-free treatment provided under this subchapter shall remain in effect after September 30, 2001. ...


The appropriate agencies of the United States shall assist beneficiary developing countries to develop and implement measures designed to assure that the agricultural sectors of...


(a) Authority to designate (1) In general Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President is authorized to designate a country listed in section 3706 of this ...


In the case of a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country, as defined in section 2466a(c) of this title, duty-free treatment provided under this subchapter shall remain in...


For purposes of this subchapter: (1) Beneficiary developing country The term ''beneficiary developing country'' means any country with respect to which there is in...


For purposes of this chapter - (1) The term ''duty'' includes the rate and form of any import duty, including but not limited to tariff-rate quotas. (2) The term...


(a) Preliminary investigation In order to expedite the performance of its functions under this chapter, the International Trade Commission may conduct preliminary ...


The President shall from time to time, as appropriate, embody in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States the substance of the relevant provisions of this chapter, and...


The President shall submit a report to Congress at least once each calendar year listing those foreign countries in which narcotic drugs and other controlled substances (as...


No person shall be liable for damages, penalties, or other sanctions under the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq.) or the Antitrust Acts (as defined in section 4...


(a) Negotiations for free trade area with Canada It is the sense of the Congress that the United States should enter into a trade agreement with Canada which will guarantee ...


...


This subchapter may be cited as the ''Narcotics Control Trade Act''. ...


(a) Required action by President Subject to subsection (b) of this section, for every major drug producing country and every major drug-transit country, the President shall, on...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President may not allocate any limitation imposed on the quantity of sugar to any country which has a Government involved in the...


The President shall include as a part of the annual report required under section 2291h of title 22 an evaluation of progress that each major drug producing country and each...


For purposes of this subchapter - (1) continuity of a session of Congress is broken only by an adjournment of the Congress sine die, and the days on which either House...


This Act may be cited as the ''Trade Agreements Act of 1979''. ...


The purposes of this Act are - (1) to approve and implement the trade agreements negotiated under the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2101 et seq.); (2) to foster...


(a) Approval of agreements and statements of administrative action In accordance with the provisions of sections 2112 and 2191 of this title, the Congress approves the...


(a) United States statutes to prevail in conflict No provision of any trade agreement approved by the Congress under section 2503(a) of this title, nor the application of any ...


(a) Presidential waiver of discriminatory purchasing requirements Subject to subsection (f) of this section, the President may waive, in whole or in part, with respect to...


(a) Authority to bar procurement from non-designated countries (1) In general Subject to paragraph (2), the President, in order to encourage additional countries to...


The President may waive the application of the provisions of title III of the Act of March 3, 1933 (41 U.S.C. 10a et seq.), popularly referred to as the Buy American Act, in the...


(a) Overall negotiating objective The President shall seek in the renegotiations provided for in article XXIV(7) of the Agreement more open and equitable market access abroad,...


(a) Monitoring and enforcement structure recommendations In the preparation of the recommendations for the reorganization of trade functions, the President shall ensure that careful ...


...


The United States Trade Representative shall make available to the Members of Congress designated as official advisers pursuant to section 2211 of this title information compiled...


As used in this subchapter - (1) Agreement The term ''Agreement'' means the Agreement on Government Procurement referred to in section 3511(d)(17) of this title, as ...


(a) No bar to engaging in standards activity Nothing in this subchapter may be construed - (1) to prohibit a Federal agency from engaging in activity related...


No Federal agency may engage in any standards-related activity that creates unnecessary obstacles to the foreign commerce of the United States, including, but not limited...


(a) In general It is the sense of the Congress that no State agency and no private person should engage in any standards-related activity that creates unnecessary obstacles to...


(a) In general The Trade Representative shall coordinate the consideration of international trade policy issues that arise as a result of, and shall develop international...


(a) Establishment (1) For nonagricultural products The Secretary of Commerce shall establish and maintain within the Department of Commerce a technical office that...


(a) Oversight and consultation The Secretary concerned shall - (1) inform, and consult and coordinate with, the Trade Representative with respect to...


(a) Establishment The Secretary of Commerce shall maintain within the Department of Commerce a standards information center. (b) Functions The standards information...


(a) In general For purposes of carrying out this subchapter, and otherwise encouraging compliance with the Agreement, the Trade Representative and the Secretary concerned...


The Trade Representative and the Secretary concerned may each, with respect to functions for which responsible under this subchapter, make available, on a reimbursable basis...


In carrying out the functions for which responsible under this subchapter, the Trade Representative and the Secretary concerned shall solicit technical and policy advice from...


Except as provided under this subpart, the provisions of this part do not create any right of action under the laws of the United States with respect to allegations that...


Any - (1) Party to the Agreement; or (2) foreign country that is not a Party to the Agreement but is found by the Trade Representative to extend rights and privileges ...


(a) Review Upon receipt of any representation made under section 2552 of this title, the Trade Representative shall review the issues concerned in consultation with - ...


(a) In general If an appropriate international forum finds that a standards-related activity being engaged in within the United States conflicts with the obligations of the...


(a) In general Except as provided under subpart 1, no Federal agency may consider a complaint or petition against any standards-related activity regarding an imported product,...


No standards-related activity being engaged in within the United States may be stayed in any judicial or administrative proceeding on the basis that such activity is currently...


As used in this subchapter - (1) Agreement The term ''Agreement'' means the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade referred to in section 3511(d)(5) of this ...


This subchapter does not apply to - (1) any standards activity engaged in by any Federal agency or State agency for the use (including, but not limited to, use with ...


As soon as practicable after the close of the 3-year period beginning on the date on which this subchapter takes effect, and as soon as practicable after the close of each...


Nothing in this subpart may be construed - (1) to prohibit a Federal agency or State agency from engaging in activity related to sanitary or phytosanitary measures to ...


The standards information center maintained under section 2544 of this title shall, in addition to the functions specified therein, make available to the public relevant documents,...


Notwithstanding section 2571 of this title, for purposes of this subpart - (1) Animal The term ''animal'' includes fish, bees, and wild fauna. (2) Approval procedure ...


(a) No bar to engaging in standards activity Nothing in this subpart shall be construed - (1) to prohibit a Federal agency from engaging in activity related...


The standards information center maintained under section 2544 of this title shall, in addition to the functions specified therein, make available to the public relevant documents,...


Notwithstanding section 2571 of this title, for purposes of this subpart - (1) Approval procedure The term ''approval procedure'' means any registration, ...


Notwithstanding section 2571 of this title, for purposes of this part - (1) NAFTA The term ''NAFTA'' means the North American Free Trade Agreement. (2) State ...


(a) In general The President shall designate an agency to be responsible for informing the public of the sanitary and phytosanitary standard-setting activities of...


(a) In general An agency may not determine that a sanitary or phytosanitary measure of a foreign country is equivalent to a sanitary or phytosanitary measure established under...


(a) In general As used in this part: (1) Agency The term ''agency'' means a Federal department or agency (or combination of Federal departments or agencies). ...


(a) In general Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President may sell import licenses at public auction under such terms and conditions as he deems appropriate....


...


For purposes of this chapter - (1) The term ''agreement'' includes any amendment to, or extension of, any agreement under this chapter that enters into force with...


(a) Agreement authority (1) In general If the President determines, after request is made to the United States under article 9 of the Convention by any State Party - ...


(a) ''Emergency condition'' defined For purposes of this section, the term ''emergency condition'' means, with respect to any archaeological or ethnological material of any...


After any agreement enters into force under section 2602 of this title, or emergency action is taken under section 2603 of this title, the Secretary, in consultation with...


(a) Establishment There is established the Cultural Property Advisory Committee. (b) Membership (1) The Committee shall be composed of eleven members appointed by...


(a) Documentation of lawful exportation No designated archaeological or ethnological material that is exported (whether or not such exportation is to the United States) from...


No article of cultural property documented as appertaining to the inventory of a museum or religious or secular public monument or similar institution in any State Party which...


Pending a final determination as to whether any archaeological or ethnological material, or any article of cultural property, has been imported into the United States in violation...


(a) In general Any designated archaeological or ethnological material or article of cultural property, as the case may be, which is imported into the United States in violation...


Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1615 of this title, in any forfeiture proceeding brought under this chapter in which the material or article, as the case may be, is...


The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to - (1) any archaeological or ethnological material or any article of cultural property which is imported into the United...


The Secretary shall prescribe such rules and regulations as are necessary and appropriate to carry out the provisions of this chapter. ...


In the customs territory of the United States, and in the Virgin Islands, the provisions of this chapter shall be enforced by appropriate customs officers. In any other territory...


The President may proclaim duty-free treatment (or other preferential treatment) for all eligible articles from any beneficiary country in accordance with the provisions of this ...


(a) Definitions; termination of designation (1) For purposes of this chapter - (A) The term ''beneficiary country'' means any country listed in subsection (b) of...


(a) Growth, product, or manufacture of beneficiary countries (1) Unless otherwise excluded from eligibility by this chapter, and subject to section 423 of the Tax Reform Act of...


(a) Reporting requirement (1) In general The United States International Trade Commission (in this section referred to as the ''Commission'') shall submit to ...


The Secretary of Labor, in consulation (FOOTNOTE 1) with other appropriate Federal agencies, shall undertake a continuing review and analysis of the impact which the implementation...


(a) This chapter shall take effect on August 5, 1983. (b) Repealed. Pub. L. 101-382, title II, Sec. 211, Aug. 20, 1990, 104 Stat. 655. ...


(a) Establishment The Commissioner of Customs, after consultation with appropriate officials in the State of Texas, is authorized and directed to make grants to an institution...


(a) Congress finds that - (1) there is a substantial imbalance in international wine trade resulting, in part, from the relative accessibility enjoyed by foreign wines...


For purposes of this chapter - (1) The term ''Committees'' means the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of...


(a) The Trade Representative shall designate as a major wine trading country each foreign country, or group of foreign countries represented as an economic union, that, in...


(a) Consultations with major wine trading countries The President shall direct the Trade Representative to enter into consultations with each major wine trading country to seek a ...


The Trade Representative shall consult with the Committees and with representatives of the wine and grape products industries in the United States - (1) before...


In order to develop, maintain, and expand foreign markets for United States wine, the President is encouraged to - (1) utilize, for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985,...


(a) Overall trade negotiating objectives The overall trade negotiating objectives of the United States are to obtain - (1) more open, equitable, and reciprocal market...


(a) Agreements regarding tariff barriers (1) Whenever the President determines that one or more existing duties or other import restrictions of any foreign country or the ...


(a) In general (1) Any agreement entered into under section 2902(b) or (c) of this title shall enter into force with respect to the United States if (and only if) - ...


(a) In general For purposes of applying sections 2135, 2136(a), and 2137 of this title - (1) any trade agreement entered into under section 2902 of this title shall...


(a) In general Before any major foreign country accedes, after August 23, 1988, to the GATT 1947, or to the WTO Agreement, the President shall determine - (1)...


For purposes of this chapter: (1) The term ''distortion'' includes, but is not limited to, a subsidy. (2) The term ''foreign country'' includes any foreign ...


The purposes of this chapter are - (1) to approve the International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System; (2) to implement in...


As used in this chapter: (1) The term ''Commission'' means the United States International Trade Commission. (2) The term ''Convention'' means the...


(a) Congressional approval The Congress approves the accession by the United States of America to the Convention. (b) Acceptance of final legal text of Convention by President ...


(a) Omitted (b) Modifications to Harmonized Tariff Schedule At the earliest practicable date after August 23, 1988, the President shall - (1) proclaim such...


(a) In general The Commission shall keep the Harmonized Tariff Schedule under continuous review and periodically, at such time as amendments to the Convention are recommended...


(a) In general The President may proclaim modifications, based on the recommendations by the Commission under section 3005 of this title, to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule if...


(a) In general The Commission shall compile and publish, at appropriate intervals, and keep up to date the Harmonized Tariff Schedule and related information in the form...


The Secretary of Commerce shall compile, and make publicly available, the import and export trade statistics of the United States. Such statistics shall be conformed to...


The United States Trade Representative is responsible for coordination of United States trade policy in relation to the Convention. Before formulating any United States position...


(a) Principal United States agencies (1) Subject to the policy direction of the Office of the United States Trade Representative under section 3009 of this title, the ...


(a) Existing executive actions (1) The appropriate officers of the United States Government shall take whatever actions are necessary to conform, to the fullest...


Any reference in any law to the ''Tariff Schedules of the United States'', ''the Tariff Schedules'', ''such Schedules'', and any other general reference that clearly refers to the...


(a) Findings The Congress finds that - (1) rapid growth in the world market for telecommunications products and services is likely to continue for several decades; ...


For purposes of this chapter - (1) The term ''Trade Representative'' means the United States Trade Representative. (2) The term ''telecommunications product'' means - ...


(a) In general The Trade Representative shall conduct an investigation to identify priority foreign countries. Such investigation shall be concluded by no later than the...


(a) In general Upon - (1) the date that is 30 days after the date on which any foreign country is identified in the investigation conducted under section 3103(a)...


(a) In general (1) If the President is unable, before the close of the negotiating period, to enter into an agreement under subtitle A with any priority foreign country...


(a) In general (1) In conducting the annual analysis under section 181(a) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2241), the Trade Representative shall review the operation...


If - (1) the President has taken action under section 3105(a) of this title with respect to any foreign country, and (2) such action is found to be inconsistent...


(a) Advice from departments and agencies Prior to taking any action under this chapter, the President shall seek information and advice from the interagency trade ...


(a) Submission of data The Federal Communications Commission (hereafter in this section referred to as the ''Commission'') shall periodically submit to appropriate committees...


(a) In general The Secretary of Commerce, in consultation with the Federal Communications Commission and the United States Trade Representative, shall conduct a study of...


Nothing in this chapter may be construed to require actions inconsistent with the international obligations of the United States, including the WTO Agreement and the...


The President may proclaim duty-free treatment for all eligible articles from any beneficiary country in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. ...


(a) Definitions For purposes of this chapter - (1) The term ''beneficiary country'' means any country listed in subsection (b)(1) of this section with respect to...


(a) In general (1) Unless otherwise excluded from eligibility by this chapter, the duty-free treatment provided under this chapter shall apply to any article which is the...


(a) Reporting requirements (1) In general The United States International Trade Commission (in this section referred to as the ''Commission'') shall submit to ...


The Secretary of Labor, in consultation with other appropriate Federal agencies, shall undertake a continuing review and analysis of the impact that the implementation of...


(a) Effective date This chapter shall take effect on December 4, 1991. (b) Termination of duty-free treatment No duty-free treatment extended to beneficiary countries under ...


For purposes of this Act: (1) Agreement The term ''Agreement'' means the North American Free Trade Agreement approved by the Congress under section 3311(a) of this ...


(a) Approval of Agreement and statement of administrative action Pursuant to section 2903 of this title and section 2191 of this title, the Congress approves - (1) the...


(a) Relationship of Agreement to United States law (1) United States law to prevail in conflict No provision of the Agreement, nor the application of any such provision...


(a) Consultation and layover requirements If a provision of this Act provides that the implementation of an action by the President by proclamation is subject to the ...


(a) Implementing actions After December 8, 1993 - (1) the President may proclaim such actions; and (2) other appropriate officers of the United States Government ...


(a) Establishment of United States Section The President is authorized to establish within any department or agency of the United States Government a United States Section of ...


(a) Consultation The Trade Representative shall consult with the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate...


(a) In general Section 3311(a) of this title may not be construed as conferring Congressional approval of the entry into force of the Agreement for the United States with...


(a) Tariff modifications provided for in Agreement (1) Proclamation authority The President may proclaim - (A) such modifications or continuation of any duty, ...


(a) Originating goods (1) In general For purposes of implementing the tariff treatment and quantitative restrictions provided for under the Agreement, except...


(a) ''Good subject to NAFTA drawback'' defined For purposes of this Act and the amendments made by subsection (b) of this section, the term ''good subject to NAFTA drawback'' ...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no customs duties may be refunded, waived, or reduced on color cathode-ray television picture tubes, including video monitor...


(a) Monitoring Beginning on the date the Agreement enters into force with respect to the United States, the United States Customs Service shall, for a period of 5 years,...


As used in this subpart: (1) Canadian article The term ''Canadian article'' means an article that - (A) is an originating good under chapter 4 of the Agreement; ...


(a) Filing of petition (1) In general A petition requesting action under this subpart for the purpose of adjusting to the obligations of the United States under the ...


(a) Determination By no later than 120 days after the date on which an investigation is initiated under section 3352(b) of this title with respect to a petition, the...


(a) In general No later than the date that is 30 days after the date on which the President receives the report of the International Trade Commission containing an...


(a) General rule Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, no import relief may be provided under this subpart - (1) in the case of a Canadian article,...


For purposes of section 123 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2133), any import relief provided by the President under section 3354 of this title shall be treated as action...


A petition for import relief may be submitted to the International Trade Commission under - (1) this subpart; (2) chapter 1 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974...


(a) Trigger price determination (1) In general The Secretary shall determine - (A) each period of 5 consecutive business days in which the daily price for...


(a) In general If, in any investigation initiated under chapter 1 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2251 et seq.), the International Trade Commission makes...


(a) In general In determining whether to take action under chapter 1 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2251 et seq.) with respect to imports from a NAFTA...


For purposes of expediting an investigation concerning provisional relief under this part or section 2252 of this title regarding - (1) fresh or chilled tomatoes provided...


The International Trade Commission shall adopt such procedures and rules and regulations as are necessary to bring its procedures into conformity with chapter 8 of the Agreement. ...


(a) Omitted (b) Section 624 of title 7 (1) In general The President may, pursuant to article 309 and Annex 703.2 of the Agreement, exempt from any...


Upon a basis of reciprocity secured by the Agreement, an alien who is a citizen of Canada or Mexico, and the spouse and children of any such alien if accompanying or following to...


No regulation issued by the Secretary of Transportation implementing a recommendation of the Land Transportation Standards Subcommittee established under article 913(5)(a)(i) of the ...


(a) to (f) Omitted (g) Peanut butter and peanut paste (1) In general Except as provided in paragraph (2), all peanut butter and peanut paste in the United...


Any reference in this part to an Annex, chapter, or article shall be considered to be a reference to the respective Annex, chapter, or article of the Agreement. ...


(a) Criteria for selection of individuals to serve on panels and committees (1) In general The selection of individuals under this section for - (A) placement...


(a) Authority of extraordinary challenge committee to obtain information If an extraordinary challenge committee (hereafter in this section referred to as the...


(a) Definitions As used in this section: (1) Competent investigating authority The term ''competent investigating authority'' means the competent...


(a) Rules of procedure for binational panels The administering authority shall prescribe rules, negotiated in accordance with paragraph 14 of article 1904, governing, with ...


In the case of any trade agreement which may be entered into by the President with a NAFTA country, the negotiating objectives of the United States with respect to subsidies...


(a) Petitions Any entity, including a trade association, firm, certified or recognized union, or group of workers, that is representative of a United States industry and...


Any amendment enacted after the Agreement enters into force with respect to the United States that is made to - (1) section 303 (FOOTNOTE 1) or title VII of the Tariff Act of ...


(a) In general Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, on the date on which a country ceases to be a NAFTA country, the provisions of this title (FOOTNOTE 1)...


(a) Commission for Labor Cooperation (1) Membership The United States is authorized to participate in the Commission for Labor Cooperation in accordance with the North ...


(a) Commission for Environmental Cooperation (1) Membership The United States is authorized to participate in the Commission for Environmental Cooperation in accordance...


(a) Border Environment Cooperation Commission (1) Membership The United States is authorized to participate in the Border Environment Cooperation Commission in...


For purposes of this Act: (1) GATT 1947; GATT 1994 (A) GATT 1947 The term ''GATT 1947'' means the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, dated October...


(a) Approval of agreements and statement of administrative action Pursuant to section 2903 of this title and section 2191 of this title, the Congress approves - (1) the...


(a) Relationship of agreements to United States law (1) United States law to prevail in conflict No provision of any of the Uruguay Round Agreements, nor the application...


(a) Implementing actions After December 8, 1994 - (1) the President may proclaim such actions, and (2) other appropriate officers of the United States Government ...


(a) In general In addition to the authority provided by section 2902 of this title, the President shall have the authority to proclaim - (1) such other modification of...


(a) Liquidation or reliquidation Notwithstanding section 1514 of this title or any other provision of law, and subject to subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary of...


The President - (1) shall proclaim duty-free entry for octadecyl isocyanate and 5 to be effective on the effective date of the proclamation issued by the President...


If a provision of this Act provides that the implementation of an action by the President by proclamation is subject to the consultation and layover requirements of this section,...


For purposes of this part: (1) Administering authority The term ''administering authority'' has the meaning given that term in section 1677(1) of this title. ...


(a) Decisionmaking In the implementation of the Uruguay Round Agreements and the functioning of the World Trade Organization, it is the objective of the United States to...


(a) Review by President The President shall review annually the WTO panel roster and shall include the panel roster and the list of persons serving on the Appellate Body in...


Not later than March 1 of each year beginning in 1996, the Trade Representative shall submit to the Congress a report describing, for the preceding fiscal year of the WTO - ...


(a) Report on operation of WTO The first annual report submitted to the Congress under section 3534 of this title - (1) after the end of the 5-year period beginning on...


The Trade Representative shall seek the adoption by the Ministerial Conference and General Council of procedures that will ensure broader application of the principle of...


(a) In general Whenever the United States is a party before a dispute settlement panel established pursuant to Article 6 of the Dispute Settlement Understanding, the...


(a) Action by United States International Trade Commission (1) Advisory report If a dispute settlement panel finds in an interim report under Article 15 of the...


(a) In general The President shall seek the establishment in the GATT 1947, and, upon entry into force of the WTO Agreement with respect to the United States, in the WTO, of...


If the President enters into an agreement developed under the work program described in Article 9 of the Agreement on Rules of Origin referred to in section 3511(d)(10) of this...


It is the sense of the Congress that the Trade Representative should vigorously oppose the admission into the World Trade Organization of any country which, through its...


(a) Development of policy The President should develop and implement a comprehensive trade and development policy for the countries of Africa. (b) Reports to Congress ...


(a) Trade in financial services The principal negotiating objective of the United States in the extended negotiations on financial services to be conducted under the auspices...


In the case of nonrubber footwear imported from Brazil - (1) which is subject to Treasury Decision 74-233, dated September 9, 1974, (2) which was entered, or...


(a) Assistance regarding multilateral subsidy remedies The administering authority shall provide information to the public upon request, and, to the extent feasible, assistance and ...


(a) General objectives The general objectives of the United States under this subchapter are - (1) to ensure that parts II and III of the Agreement on Subsidies...


It is the objective of the United States - (1) to accelerate the implementation of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights referred to ...


Not later than 120 days after the date that the WTO Agreement enters into force with respect to the United States, the Secretary of Commerce shall publish in the Federal Register...


(a) Regulatory authority The Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe rules implementing the principles contained in subsection (b) of this section for determining the origin...


(a) Orderly marketing In implementing the tariff-rate quotas set out in Schedule XX for the entry, or withdrawal from warehouse, for consumption of goods in the United States,...


(a) Determination of trigger levels Consistent with Article 5 as determined by the President, the President shall cause to be published in the Federal Register - (1) the...


...


(a) In general The President, after consultation with the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and with the Committee on Finance of the Senate, may...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct a study to determine the effects of the Uruguay Round Agreements on the Federal milk marketing order system. Not later than 6 months...


(a) Use of additional funds Consistent, as determined by the President, with the obligations undertaken by the United States set forth in the Uruguay Round Agreements,...


Congress finds that - (1) it is in the mutual interest of the United States and the countries of sub-Saharan Africa to promote stable and sustainable economic growth...


Congress supports - (1) encouraging increased trade and investment between the United States and sub-Saharan Africa; (2) reducing tariff and nontariff barriers and...


(a) In general The President is authorized to designate a sub-Saharan African country as an eligible sub-Saharan African country if the President determines that the country - ...


(a) Declaration of policy The President shall convene annual high-level meetings between appropriate officials of the United States Government and officials of the governments...


The President shall submit to the Congress, not later than 1 year after May 18, 2000, and annually thereafter through 2008, a comprehensive report on the trade and investment...


For purposes of this chapter, the terms ''sub-Saharan Africa'', ''sub-Saharan African country'', ''country in sub-Saharan Africa'', and ''countries in sub-Saharan Africa'' refer...


(a) Preferential treatment Textile and apparel articles described in subsection (b) of this section that are imported directly into the customs territory of the United States...


(a) Preferential treatment conditioned on enforcement measures (1) In general The preferential treatment under section 3721(a) of this title shall not be provided to...


(a) Declaration of policy Congress declares that free trade agreements should be negotiated, where feasible, with interested countries in sub-Saharan Africa, in order to serve...


It is the sense of the Congress that - (1) the position of Assistant United States Trade Representative for African Affairs is integral to the United States commitment...


(a) Findings Congress makes the following findings: (1) The burden of external debt has become a major impediment to economic growth and poverty reduction in many of...


(a) Statement of the Congress The Congress recognizes that the stated policy of the executive branch in 1997, the ''Partnership for Growth and Opportunity in Africa''...


(a) Initiation of funds It is the sense of the Congress that the Overseas Private Investment Corporation should exercise the authorities it has to initiate an equity fund...


(a) Sense of the Congress It is the sense of the Congress that the Board of Directors of the Bank shall continue to take comprehensive measures, consistent with the...


(a) Findings The Congress makes the following findings: (1) The United States and Foreign Commercial Service (hereafter in this section referred to as the...


It is the sense of the Congress that, to the extent appropriate, the United States Government should make every effort to donate to governments of sub-Saharan African...


(a) Use of sustainable development assistance to support further economic growth It is the sense of the Congress that sustained economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa...


It is the sense of the Congress that United States businesses should be encouraged to provide assistance to sub-Saharan African countries to prevent and reduce the incidence...


(a) Findings The Congress finds the following: (1) Sustained economic development in sub-Saharan Africa depends in large measure upon successful trade with and foreign ...


(a) In general The Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with American Land Grant Colleges and Universities and not-for-profit international organizations, is authorized...


(a) Findings The Congress finds that - (1) desertification affects approximately one-sixth of the world's population and one-quarter of the total land area; (2)...




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