US State Code:United States CodeTITLE 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE


Every contract, combination in the form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations, is declared to...


Every person who shall monopolize, or attempt to monopolize, or combine or conspire with any other person or persons, to monopolize any part of the trade or commerce among the...


Every contract, combination in form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce in any Territory of the United States or of the District of Columbia, or...


The several district courts of the United States are invested with jurisdiction to prevent and restrain violations of sections 1 to 7 of this title; and it shall be the duty of...


Whenever it shall appear to the court before which any proceeding under section 4 of this title may be pending, that the ends of justice require that other parties should be...


Any property owned under any contract or by any combination, or pursuant to any conspiracy (and being the subject thereof) mentioned in section 1 of this title, and being in...


Sections 1 to 7 of this title shall not apply to conduct involving trade or commerce (other than import trade or import commerce) with foreign nations unless - (1)...


The word ''person'', or ''persons'', wherever used in sections 1 to 7 of this title shall be deemed to include corporations and associations existing under or authorized by the...


Every combination, conspiracy, trust, agreement, or contract is declared to be contrary to public policy, illegal, and void when the same is made by or between two or more persons...


The several district courts of the United States are invested with jurisdiction to prevent and restrain violations of section 8 of this title; and it shall be the duty of the...


Whenever it shall appear to the court before which any proceeding under section 9 of this title may be pending, that the ends of justice require that other parties should be...


Any property owned under any contract or by any combination, or pursuant to any conspiracy, and being the subject thereof, mentioned in section 8 of this title, imported into...


(a) ''Antitrust laws,'' as used herein, includes the Act entitled ''An Act to protect trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies,'' approved July second,...


(a) Price; selection of customers It shall be unlawful for any person engaged in commerce, in the course of such commerce, either directly or indirectly, to discriminate in...


It shall be unlawful for any person engaged in commerce, in the course of such commerce, to be a party to, or assist in, any transaction of sale, or contract to sell,...


Nothing in this Act shall prevent a cooperative association from returning to its members, producers, or consumers the whole, or any part of, the net earnings or surplus...


Nothing in the Act approved June 19, 1936, known as the Robinson-Patman Antidiscrimination Act, shall apply to purchases of their supplies for their own use by schools, colleges, ...


It shall be unlawful for any person engaged in commerce, in the course of such commerce, to lease or make a sale or contract for sale of goods, wares, merchandise,...


(a) Amount of recovery; prejudgment interest Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any person who shall be injured in his business or property by reason of ...


Whenever the United States is hereafter injured in its business or property by reason of anything forbidden in the antitrust laws it may sue therefor in the United States...


Any action to enforce any cause of action under section 15, 15a, or 15c of this title shall be forever barred unless commenced within four years after the cause of action accrued....


(a) Parens patriae; monetary relief; damages; prejudgment interest (1) Any attorney general of a State may bring a civil action in the name of such State, as parens patriae on...


In any action under section 15c(a)(1) of this title, in which there has been a determination that a defendant agreed to fix prices in violation of sections 1 to 7 of this...


Monetary relief recovered in an action under section 15c(a)(1) of this title shall - (1) be distributed in such manner as the district court in its discretion may...


(a) Notification to State attorney general Whenever the Attorney General of the United States has brought an action under the antitrust laws, and he has reason to believe that ...


For the purposes of sections 15c, 15d, 15e, and 15f of this title: (1) The term ''State attorney general'' means the chief legal officer of a State, or any other...


Sections 15c, 15d, 15e, 15f, and 15g of this title shall apply in any State, unless such State provides by law for its nonapplicability in such State. ...


(a) Prima facie evidence; collateral estoppel A final judgment or decree heretofore or hereafter rendered in any civil or criminal proceeding brought by or on behalf of the ...


The labor of a human being is not a commodity or article of commerce. Nothing contained in the antitrust laws shall be construed to forbid the existence and operation of labor, ...


No person engaged in commerce or in any activity affecting commerce shall acquire, directly or indirectly, the whole or any part of the stock or other share capital and no...


(a) Filing Except as exempted pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, no person shall acquire, directly or indirectly, any voting securities or assets of any other...


(a)(1) No person shall, at the same time, serve as a director or officer in any two corporations (other than banks, banking associations, and trust companies) that are - ...


...


...


(a) Commission, Board, or Secretary authorized to enforce compliance Authority to enforce compliance with sections 13, 14, 18, and 19 of this title by the persons...


Nothing herein contained shall affect rights of action arising, or litigation pending, or orders of the Federal Trade Commission issued and in effect or pending on review, based...


Any suit, action, or proceeding under the antitrust laws against a corporation may be brought not only in the judicial district whereof it is an inhabitant, but also in any...


In any suit, action, or proceeding brought by or on behalf of the United States subpoenas for witnesses who are required to attend a court of the United States in any...


Whenever a corporation shall violate any of the penal provisions of the antitrust laws, such violation shall be deemed to be also that of the individual directors, officers, or...


The several district courts of the United States are invested with jurisdiction to prevent and restrain violations of this Act, and it shall be the duty of the several United...


Any person, firm, corporation, or association shall be entitled to sue for and have injunctive relief, in any court of the United States having jurisdiction over the parties,...


(a) Limitations on the use of credit instruments; sales, resales, and transfers Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, it shall be unlawful for any...


If any clause, sentence, paragraph, or part of this Act shall, for any reason, be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment shall not...


(a) Major league baseball subject to antitrust laws Subject to subsections (b) through (d) of this section, the conduct, acts, practices, or agreements of persons in the business ...


...


(a) Court of appeals; review by Supreme Court Except as otherwise expressly provided by this section, in every civil action brought in any district court of the United States ...


In the taking of depositions of witnesses for use in any suit in equity brought by the United States under sections 1 to 7 of this title, and in the hearings before any examiner...


No vessel permitted to engage in the coastwise or foreign trade of the United States shall be permitted to enter or pass through the Panama Canal if such ship is owned,...


...


For purposes of sections 34 to 36 of this title - (1) the term ''local government'' means - (A) a city, county, parish, town, township, village, or any other...


(a) Prohibition in general No damages, interest on damages, costs, or attorney's fees may be recovered under section 4, 4A, or 4C of the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C. 15, 15a, or...


(a) Prohibition in general No damages, interest on damages, costs or attorney's fees may be recovered under section 4, 4A, or 4C of the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C. 15, 15a, or 15c)...


(a) Inapplicability of antitrust laws Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, the antitrust laws, and any State law similar to any of the antitrust laws, shall...


For purposes of this section and section 37 of this title: (1) Antitrust laws The term ''antitrust laws'' has the meaning given it in subsection (a) of section 12 of...


A commission is created and established, to be known as the Federal Trade Commission (hereinafter referred to as the Commission), which shall be composed of five Commissioners, who ...


Each commissioner shall receive a salary, payable in the same manner as the salaries of the judges of the courts of the United States. The commission shall appoint a secretary,...


The principal office of the Commission shall be in the city of Washington, but it may meet and exercise all its powers at any other place. The Commission may, by one or more of...


The words defined in this section shall have the following meaning when found in this subchapter, to wit: ''Commerce'' means commerce among the several States or with ...


(a) Declaration of unlawfulness; power to prohibit unfair practices; inapplicability to foreign trade (1) Unfair methods of competition in or affecting commerce, and unfair...


To the extent any person introduces, delivers for introduction, sells, advertises, or offers for sale in commerce a product with a ''Made in the U.S.A.'' or ''Made in America''...


The Commission shall also have power - (a) Investigation of persons, partnerships, or corporations To gather and compile information concerning, and to investigate from time...


After June 16, 1933, no new investigations shall be initiated by the Commission as the result of a legislative resolution, except the same be a concurrent resolution of the two...


In any suit in equity brought by or under the direction of the Attorney General as provided in the antitrust Acts, the court may, upon the conclusion of the testimony therein, if...


The several departments and bureaus of the Government when directed by the President shall furnish the Commission, upon its request, all records, papers, and information in...


For the purposes of this subchapter the Commission, or its duly authorized agent or agents, shall at all reasonable times have access to, for the purpose of examination, and the...


Any person who shall neglect or refuse to attend and testify, or to answer any lawful inquiry or to produce any documentary evidence, if in his power to do so, in obedience to...


Nothing contained in this subchapter shall be construed to prevent or interfere with the enforcement of the provisions of the antitrust Acts or the Acts to regulate commerce,...


(a) Unlawfulness It shall be unlawful for any person, partnership, or corporation to disseminate, or cause to be disseminated, any false advertisement - (1) By...


(a) Power of Commission; jurisdiction of courts Whenever the Commission has reason to believe - (1) that any person, partnership, or corporation is engaged in, or is...


(a) Imposition of penalties Any person, partnership, or corporation who violates any provision of section 52(a) of this title shall, if the use of the commodity advertised may...


For the purposes of sections 52 to 54 of this title - (a) False advertisement (1) The term ''false advertisement'' means an advertisement, other than labeling, which...


(a) Procedure for exercise of authority to litigate or appeal (1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (2) or (3), if - (A) before commencing, defending, or intervening...


If any provision of this subchapter, or the application thereof to any person, partnership, or corporation, or circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of this subchapter, and...


(a) Authority of Commission to prescribe rules and general statements of policy (1) Except as provided in subsection (h) of this section, the Commission may prescribe - ...


...


(a) Suits by Commission against persons, partnerships, or corporations; jurisdiction; relief for dishonest or fraudulent acts (1) If any person, partnership,...


(a) Definitions For purposes of this section: (1) The terms ''civil investigative demand'' and ''demand'' mean any demand issued by the commission under subsection (c)(1) ...


(a) Definitions For purposes of this section: (1) The term ''material'' means documentary material, tangible things, written reports or answers to questions,...


(a) Definitions For purposes of this section: (1) The term ''rule'' means any rule promulgated by the Commission under section 46 or section 57a of this title, except ...


(a) ''Board of Governors'' defined For purposes of this section, the term ''Board of Governors' means the Board of Governors'' of the Federal Reserve System. (b) Use as defense ...


(a) The Commission shall not have any authority to conduct any study, investigation, or prosecution of any agricultural cooperative for any conduct which, because of the...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the functions, powers, and duties of the Commission not to exceed $92,700,000 for fiscal year 1994; not to exceed $99,000,000...


This subchapter may be cited as the ''Federal Trade Commission Act''. ...


The words ''export trade'' wherever used in this subchapter mean solely trade or commerce in goods, wares, or merchandise exported, or in the course of being exported from the...


Nothing contained in the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. 1 et seq.) shall be construed as declaring to be illegal an association entered into for the sole purpose of engaging in export...


Nothing contained in section 18 of this title shall be construed to forbid the acquisition or ownership by any corporation of the whole or any part of the stock or other capital...


The prohibition against ''unfair methods of competition'' and the remedies provided for enforcing said prohibition contained in the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et...


Every association which engages solely in export trade, within thirty days after its creation, shall file with the Federal Trade Commission a verified written statement setting...


This subchapter may be cited as the ''Webb-Pomerene Act''. ...


As used in this subchapter - (a) The term ''person'' means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, or any other form of business enterprise, plural or singular,...


The introduction, or manufacture for introduction, into commerce, or the sale, transportation, or distribution, in commerce, of any wool product which is misbranded within the...


(a) False identification; affixation of label, etc., contents A wool product shall be misbranded - (1) If it is falsely or deceptively stamped, tagged, labeled, or...


(a) Affixing; retention until sale Any person manufacturing for introduction, or first introducing into commerce a wool product shall affix thereto the stamp, tag, label, or...


(a) Authority of Commission Except as otherwise specifically provided herein, this subchapter shall be enforced by the Federal Trade Commission under rules, regulations,...


(a) Grounds for condemnation; disposition of merchandise Any wool products shall be liable to be proceeded against in the district court of the United States for the district...


All wool products imported into the United States, except those made more than twenty years prior to such importation, shall be stamped, tagged, labeled, or otherwise identified...


(a) Avoidance of liability; requirements No person shall be guilty under section 68a of this title if he establishes a guaranty received in good faith signed by and containing...


Any person who willfully violates sections 68a, 68c, 68f, or 68g(b) of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be fined not more than $5,000, or...


The provision of this subchapter shall be held to be in addition to, and not in substitution for or limitation of, the provisions of any other Act of the United States. ...


None of the provisions of this subchapter shall be construed to apply to the manufacture, delivery for shipment, shipment, sale, or offering for sale any carpets, rugs, mats,...


As used in this subchapter - (a) The term ''person'' means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, business trust, or any organized group of any of the...


(a) Introduction or manufacture for introduction into commerce, sale, advertising or offering for sale in commerce The introduction, or manufacture for introduction,...


For the purposes of this subchapter, a fur product shall be considered to be misbranded - (1) if it is falsely or deceptively labeled or otherwise falsely or...


(a) For the purposes of this subchapter, a fur product or fur shall be considered to be falsely or deceptively advertised if any advertisement, representation, public announcement,...


(a) Necessity of proper labelling; additional information Fur products imported into the United States shall be labeled so as not to be misbranded within the meaning of section 69b...


(a) Fur Products Name Guide The Commission shall, with the assistance and cooperation of the Department of Agriculture and the Department of the Interior, within six months...


(a) Enforcement by Federal Trade Commission (1) Except as otherwise specifically provided in this subchapter, sections 69a, 69d, and 69h(b) of this title shall be enforced by ...


(a) Grounds for condemnation; disposition of merchandise (1) Any fur product or fur shall be liable to be proceeded against in the district court of the United States for...


(a) Avoidance of liability; requirements No person shall be guilty under section 69a of this title if he establishes a guaranty received in good faith signed by and containing...


(a) Any person who willfully violates section 69a, 69d, or 69h(b) of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be fined not more than $5,000, or...


The provisions of this subchapter shall be held to be in addition to, and not in substitution for or limitation of, the provisions of any other Act of Congress. ...


As used in this subchapter - (a) The term ''person'' means an individual, partnership, corporation, association or any other form of business enterprise. (b) The...


(a) Introduction or manufacture for introduction into commerce, sale, advertising or offering for sale in commerce The introduction, delivery for introduction, manufacture for ...


(a) False or deceptive identification Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter, a textile fiber product shall be misbranded if it is falsely or deceptively stamped,...


(a) Removal or mutilation after shipment in commerce After shipment of a textile fiber product in commerce it shall be unlawful, except as provided in this subchapter, to remove or ...


(a) Maintenance and preservation by manufacturer Every manufacturer of textile fiber products subject to this subchapter shall maintain proper records showing the fiber content ...


(a) Enforcement by Federal Trade Commission Except as otherwise specifically provided herein, this subchapter shall be enforced by the Federal Trade Commission under rules, ...


Whenever the Commission has reason to believe - (a) that any person is doing, or is about to do, an act which by section 70a, 70c, 70d, 70g, or 70h(b) of this title is ...


All textile fiber products imported into the United States shall be stamped, tagged, labeled, or otherwise identified in accordance with the provisions of section 70b of this...


(a) Avoidance of liability; requirements No person shall be guilty of an unlawful act under section 70a of this title if he establishes a guaranty received in good faith, ...


(a) Any person who willfully does an act which by section 70a, 70c, 70d, 70g, or 70h(b) of this title is declared to be unlawful shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon...


(a) None of the provisions of this subchapter shall be construed to apply to - (1) upholstery stuffing, except as provided in section 70b(h) of this title; (2)...


The provisions of this subchapter shall be held to be in addition to, and not in substitution for or limitation of, the provisions of any other Act of the United States. ...


When used in this subchapter the term ''person'' includes partnerships, corporations, and associations. ...


It shall be unlawful for any person importing or assisting in importing any articles from any foreign country into the United States, commonly and systematically to import, sell...


If any article produced in a foreign country is imported into the United States under any agreement, understanding, or condition that the importer thereof or any other person in...


The Secretary of the Treasury shall make such rules and regulations as are necessary for the carrying out of the provisions of section 73 of this title. ...


Whenever any country, dependency, or colony shall prohibit the importation of any article the product of the soil or industry of the United States and not injurious to health...


Whenever, during the existence of a war in which the United States is not engaged, the President shall be satisfied that there is reasonable ground to believe that under the...


Whenever, during the existence of a war in which the United States is not engaged, the President shall be satisfied that there is reasonable ground to believe that any...


This subchapter may be cited as the ''Securities Act of 1933''. ...


(a) Definitions When used in this subchapter, unless the context otherwise requires - (1) The term ''security'' means any note, stock, treasury stock, security...


(a) Non-security-based swap agreements The definition of ''security'' in section 77b(a)(1) of this title does not include any non-security-based swap agreement (as defined ...


(a) Exempted securities Except as hereinafter expressly provided, the provisions of this subchapter shall not apply to any of the following classes of securities: ...


The provisions of section 77e of this title shall not apply to - (1) transactions by any person other than an issuer, underwriter, or dealer. (2) transactions by...


(a) Sale or delivery after sale of unregistered securities Unless a registration statement is in effect as to a security, it shall be unlawful for any person, directly or...


(a) Method of registration Any security may be registered with the Commission under the terms and conditions hereinafter provided, by filing a registration statement...


(a) The registration statement, when relating to a security other than a security issued by a foreign government, or political subdivision thereof, shall contain the information,...


(a) Effective date of registration statement Except as hereinafter provided, the effective date of a registration statement shall be the twentieth day after the filing thereof...


(a) Authority of Commission If the Commission finds, after notice and opportunity for hearing, that any person is violating, has violated, or is about to violate any provision...


(a) Any person aggrieved by an order of the Commission may obtain a review of such order in the court of appeals of the United States, within any circuit wherein such person...


(a) Information in registration statement; documents not required Except to the extent otherwise permitted or required pursuant to this subsection or subsections (c), (d), or (e)...


(a) Persons possessing cause of action; persons liable In case any part of the registration statement, when such part became effective, contained an untrue statement of a...


(a) In general Any person who - (1) offers or sells a security in violation of section 77e of this title, or (2) offers or sells a security (whether or not...


No action shall be maintained to enforce any liability created under section 77k or 77l(a)(2) of this title unless brought within one year after the discovery of the untrue...


Any condition, stipulation, or provision binding any person acquiring any security to waive compliance with any provision of this subchapter or of the rules and regulations of...


Every person who, by or through stock ownership, agency, or otherwise, or who, pursuant to or in connection with an agreement or understanding with one or more other persons by...


(a) Remedies additional Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the rights and remedies provided by this subchapter shall be in addition to any and all other...


(a) Use of interstate commerce for purpose of fraud or deceit It shall be unlawful for any person in the offer or sale of any securities or any security-based swap agreement...


(a) Scope of exemption Except as otherwise provided in this section, no law, rule, regulation, or order, or other administrative action of any State or any political...


(a) Authority to purchase, hold, and invest in securities; securities considered as obligations of United States (1) Any person, trust, corporation, partnership, association, ...


(a) The Commission shall have authority from time to time to make, amend, and rescind such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this...


(a) Investigation of violations Whenever it shall appear to the Commission, either upon complaint or otherwise, that the provisions of this subchapter, or of any rule...


All hearings shall be public and may be held before the Commission or an officer or officers of the Commission designated by it, and appropriate records thereof shall be kept. ...


(a) Federal and State courts; venue; service of process; review; removal; costs The district courts of the United States and the United States courts of any Territory...


Neither the fact that the registration statement for a security has been filed or is in effect nor the fact that a stop order is not in effect with respect thereto shall be deemed...


Any person who willfully violates any of the provisions of this subchapter, or the rules and regulations promulgated by the Commission under authority thereof, or any person...


Nothing in this subchapter shall relieve any person from submitting to the respective supervisory units of the Government of the United States information, reports, or other...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance, shall be held invalid, the remainder of this chapter, or the application of...


(a) Private class actions (1) In general The provisions of this subsection shall apply to each private action arising under this subchapter that is brought as a ...


(a) Applicability This section shall apply only to a forward-looking statement made by - (1) an issuer that, at the time that the statement is made, is subject to...


The Commission, by rule or regulation, may conditionally or unconditionally exempt any person, security, or transaction, or any class or classes of persons, securities,...


SCHEDULE A (1) The name under which the issuer is doing or intends to do business; (2) the name of the State or other sovereign power under which ...


For the purpose of protecting, conserving, and advancing the interests of the holders of foreign securities in default, there is hereby created a body corporate with the...


The control and management of the Corporation shall be vested in a board of six directors, who shall be appointed and hold office in the following manner: As soon as practicable...


The Corporation shall have power to adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal; to make contracts; to lease such real estate as may be necessary for the transaction of its business;...


The board of directors may - (1) Convene meetings of holders of foreign securities. (2) Invite the deposit and undertake the custody of foreign securities which...


The board of directors shall cause accounts to be kept of all matters relating to or connected with the transactions and business of the Corporation, and cause a general account...


The Corporation shall make, print, and make public an annual report of its operations during each year, send a copy thereof, together with a copy of the account and balance sheet...


The Corporation may in its discretion levy charges, assessed on a pro rata basis, on the holders of foreign securities deposited with it: Provided, That any charge levied at the...


The Corporation may receive subscriptions from any person, foundation with a public purpose, or agency of the United States Government, and such subscriptions may, in the...


The Reconstruction Finance Corporation is authorized to loan out of its funds not to exceed $75,000 for the use of the Corporation. ...


Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this subchapter, it shall be unlawful for, and nothing in this subchapter shall be taken or construed as permitting or authorizing,...


This subchapter shall not take effect until the President finds that its taking effect is in the public interest and by proclamation so declares. ...


This subchapter may be cited as the ''Corporation of Foreign Bondholders Act, 1933.'' ...


This subchapter may be cited as the ''Trust Indenture Act of 1939.'' ...


(a) Practices adversely affecting public Upon the basis of facts disclosed by the reports of the Securities and Exchange Commission made to the Congress pursuant to section...


When used in this subchapter, unless the context otherwise requires - (1) Any term defined in section 2 of the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77b), and not...


(a) Specific securities exempted The provisions of this subchapter shall not apply to any of the following securities: (1) any security other than (A) a note, bond,...


(a) Information required Subject to the provisions of section 77ddd of this title, a registration statement relating to a security shall include the following information...


(a) Prohibitions affecting unregistered securities not issued under indenture In the case of any security which is not registered under the Securities Act of 1933 (15...


(a) Application; information required; availability of information to public In the case of any security which is not required to be registered under the Securities Act...


(a) Incorporation by reference The Commission, by such rules and regulations or orders as it deems necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection...


(a) Effective time of registration or application for qualification of indenture The indenture under which a security has been or is to be issued shall be deemed to have...


(a) Persons eligible for appointment as trustee (1) There shall at all times be one or more trustees under every indenture qualified or to be qualified pursuant to this subchapter, ...


(a) Trustee as creditor of obligor Subject to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, if the indenture trustee shall be, or shall become, a creditor, directly...


(a) Periodic filing of information by obligor with trustee Each obligor upon the indenture securities shall furnish or cause to be furnished to the institutional trustee thereunder...


(a) Report to security holders; time; contents The indenture trustee shall transmit to the indenture security holders as hereinafter provided, at stated intervals of not more ...


(a) Periodic reports Each person who, as set forth in the registration statement or application, is or is to be an obligor upon the indenture securities covered thereby shall - ...


(a) Duties prior to default The indenture to be qualified shall automatically be deemed (unless it is expressly provided therein that any such provision is excluded) to...


(a) Directions and waivers by bondholders The indenture to be qualified - (1) shall automatically be deemed (unless it is expressly provided therein that any such...


(a) The indenture trustee shall be authorized - (1) , (FOOTNOTE 1) in the case of a default in payment of the principal of any indenture security, when and as the same shall ...


(a) Imposed duties to control If any provision of the indenture to be qualified limits, qualifies, or conflicts with the duties imposed by operation of subsection (c) of...


(a) Authority of Commission; subject matter of rules, etc. The Commission shall have authority from time to time to make, issue, amend, and rescind such rules and regulations...


Hearings may be public and may be held before the Commission, any member or members thereof, or any officer or officers of the Commission designated by it, and appropriate...


(a) Investigatory powers For the purpose of any investigation or any other proceeding which, in the opinion of the Commission, is necessary and proper for the enforcement of...


(a) Review of orders Orders of the Commission under this subchapter (including orders pursuant to the provisions of sections 77eee(b) and 77ggg(c) of this title) shall be...


(a) Any person who shall make or cause to be made any statement in any application, report, or document filed with the Commission pursuant to any provisions of this subchapter, or...


It shall be unlawful for any person in offering, selling or issuing any security to represent or imply in any manner whatsoever that any action or failure to act by the Commission...


Any person who willfully violates any provision of this subchapter or any rule, regulation, or order thereunder, or any person who willfully, in any application, report, or...


Except as otherwise expressly provided, nothing in this subchapter shall affect (1) the jurisdiction of the Commission under the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.),...


Any condition, stipulation, or provision binding any person to waive compliance with any provision of this subchapter or with any rule, regulation, or order thereunder shall...


If any provision of this subchapter or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance shall be held invalid, the remainder of the subchapter and the application...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Securities Exchange Act of 1934.'' ...


For the reasons hereinafter enumerated, transactions in securities as commonly conducted upon securities exchanges and over-the-counter markets are affected with a national public ...


(a) Definitions When used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires - (1) The term ''exchange'' means any organization, association, or group of...


(a) Non-security-based swap agreements The definition of ''security'' in section 78c(a)(10) of this title does not include any non-security-based swap agreement (as defined...


(a) Establishment; composition; limitations on commissioners; terms of office There is hereby established a Securities and Exchange Commission (hereinafter referred to as...


(a) Authorization; functions delegable; eligible persons; application of other laws In addition to its existing authority, the Securities and Exchange Commission shall...


In addition to the functions transferred by the provisions of Reorganization Plan Numbered 10 of 1950 (64 Stat. 1265), there are hereby transferred from the Commission to the...


It shall be unlawful for any broker, dealer, or exchange, directly or indirectly, to make use of the mails or any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce for the purpose...


(a) Registration; application An exchange may be registered as a national securities exchange under the terms and conditions hereinafter provided in this section and in...


(a) Rules and regulations for extension of credit; standard for initial extension; undermargined accounts For the purpose of preventing the excessive use of credit for the ...


It shall be unlawful for any registered broker or dealer, member of a national securities exchange, or broker or dealer who transacts a business in securities through the medium...


(a) Transactions relating to purchase or sale of security It shall be unlawful for any person, directly or indirectly, by the use of the mails or any means or instrumentality...


It shall be unlawful for any person, directly or indirectly, by the use of any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce or of the mails, or of any facility of any...


(a) In general Each audit required pursuant to this chapter of the financial statements of an issuer by an independent public accountant shall include, in accordance...


(a) Trading for own account or account of associated person; exceptions (1) It shall be unlawful for any member of a national securities exchange to effect any transaction...


(a) Congressional findings; facilitating establishment of national market system for securities; designation of qualified securities (1) The Congress finds that - ...


(a) General requirement of registration It shall be unlawful for any member, broker, or dealer to effect any transaction in any security (other than an exempted security) on...


Any application to continue unlisted trading privileges for any security heretofore filed by any exchange and approved by the Commission pursuant to clause (1) of subsection (f)...


(a) Reports by issuer of security; contents Every issuer of a security registered pursuant to section 78l of this title shall file with the Commission, in accordance with such ...


(a) Solicitation of proxies in violation of rules and regulations It shall be unlawful for any person, by the use of the mails or by any means or instrumentality of...


(a) Registration of all persons utilizing exchange facilities to effect transactions; exemptions (1) It shall be unlawful for any broker or dealer which is either a...


All brokers and dealers for whom registration was in effect on May 27, 1936, in accordance with rules and regulations of the Commission prescribed pursuant to section 78o of...


Nothing in this Act shall be deemed to extinguish any liability which may have arisen prior to the effective date of this Act by reason of any violation of section 78o of this...


(a) Registration; application An association of brokers and dealers may be registered as a national securities association pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, or as...


(a) Registration of municipal securities dealers (1) It shall be unlawful for any municipal securities dealer (other than one registered as a broker or dealer under section 78o ...


(a) Registration requirements; notice to regulatory agencies; manner of registration; exemption from registration requirements (1)(A) It shall be unlawful for...


(a) Filing of statement of all ownership of securities of issuer by owner of more than ten per centum of any class of security Every person who is directly or indirectly...


(a) Rules and regulations (1) Every national securities exchange, member thereof, broker or dealer who transacts a business in securities through the medium of any such...


(a) Congressional findings; facilitating establishment of system (1) The Congress finds that - (A) The prompt and accurate clearance and settlement of ...


(a) Findings The Congress finds that - (1) the market for penny stocks suffers from a lack of reliable and accurate quotation and last sale information available to ...


(a) Persons liable; persons entitled to recover; defense of good faith; suit at law or in equity; costs, etc. Any person who shall make or cause to be made any statement in ...


(a) Registration procedures; notice of filing; other regulatory agencies (1) The Commission shall, upon the filing of an application for registration as a national...


(a) Joint and several liability; good faith defense Every person who, directly or indirectly, controls any person liable under any provision of this chapter or of any rule or ...


(a) Private rights of action based on contemporaneous trading Any person who violates any provision of this chapter or the rules or regulations thereunder by purchasing or selling...


(a) Authority and discretion of Commission to investigate violations (1) The Commission may, in its discretion, make such investigations as it deems necessary to...


(a) Authority to impose civil penalties (1) Judicial actions by Commission authorized Whenever it shall appear to the Commission that any person has violated any...


(a) Commission authority to assess money penalties In any proceeding instituted pursuant to sections 78o(b)(4), 78o(b)(6), 78o-4, 78o-5, or 78q-1 of this title against any person, ...


(a) Authority of Commission If the Commission finds, after notice and opportunity for hearing, that any person is violating, has violated, or is about to violate any provision...


(a) Private class actions (1) In general The provisions of this subsection shall apply in each private action arising under this chapter that is brought as a plaintiff ...


(a) Applicability This section shall apply only to a forward-looking statement made by - (1) an issuer that, at the time that the statement is made, is subject to...


Hearings may be public and may be held before the Commission, any member or members thereof, or any officer or officers of the Commission designated by it, and appropriate...


(a) Power to make rules and regulations; considerations; public disclosure (1) The Commission, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the other...


(a) ''Records'' defined For purposes of section 552 of title 5 the term ''records'' includes all applications, statements, reports, contracts, correspondence, notices, and...


(a) Final Commission orders; persons aggrieved; petition; record; findings; affirmance, modification, enforcement, or setting aside of orders; remand to adduce...


No action or failure to act by the Commission or the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, in the administration of this chapter shall be construed to mean that...


The district courts of the United States and the United States courts of any Territory or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States shall have...


(a) Effect on pending causes of action The limitation period for any private civil action implied under section 78j(b) of this title that was commenced on or before June 19,...


(a) Addition of rights and remedies; recovery of actual damages; State securities commissions Except as provided in subsection (f) of this section, the rights and...


(a) Waiver provisions Any condition, stipulation, or provision binding any person to waive compliance with any provision of this chapter or of any rule or regulation...


(a) It shall be unlawful for any broker or dealer, directly or indirectly, to make use of the mails or of any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce for the purpose...


(a) Prohibition It shall be unlawful for any issuer which has a class of securities registered pursuant to section 78l of this title or which is required to file reports...


(a) Prohibition It shall be unlawful for any domestic concern, other than an issuer which is subject to section 78dd-1 of this title, or for any officer, director, employee,...


(a) Prohibition It shall be unlawful for any person other than an issuer that is subject to section 78dd-1 of this title or a domestic concern (as defined in section 78dd-2...


(a) Recovery of cost of services The Commission shall, in accordance with this section, collect transaction fees and assessments that are designed to recover the costs to...


(a) Willful violations; false and misleading statements Any person who willfully violates any provision of this chapter (other than section 78dd-1 of this title), or any rule or ...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application of such provision to any person or circumstances, shall be held invalid, the remainder of the chapter and the application of...


This chapter shall become effective on July 1, 1934, except that sections 78f and 78l(b to e) of this title shall become effective on September 1, 1934; and sections 78e, 78g,...


This Act shall become effective on May 27, 1936; except that clause (2) of subsection (f) of section 78l of this title, and subsections (a) and (d) of section 78o of this title,...


...


...


(a) In general In addition to any other funds authorized to be appropriated to the Commission, there are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the functions, powers,...


The Commission, by rule or regulation - (1) shall provide that any information in the EDGAR system that is required to be disseminated by the contractor - (A) may...


(a) Authority (1) In general Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, but notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Commission, by...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Securities Investor Protection Act of 1970''. ...


Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the provisions of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78a et seq.) (hereinafter referred to as the ''1934 Act'') apply as...


(a) Creation and membership (1) Creation There is hereby established a body corporate to be known as the ''Securities Investor Protection Corporation'' (hereafter in this ...


(a) In general (1) Establishment of fund SIPC shall establish a ''SIPC Fund'' (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the ''fund''). All amounts received by ...


(a) Determination of need of protection (1) Notice to SIPC If the Commission or any self-regulatory organization is aware of facts which lead it to believe that any...


(a) Purposes The purposes of a liquidation proceeding under this chapter shall be - (1) as promptly as possible after the appointment of a trustee in such...


(a) Trustee powers A trustee shall be vested with the same powers and title with respect to the debtor and the property of the debtor, including the same rights to...


(a) Notice and claims (1) Notice of proceedings Promptly after the appointment of the trustee, such trustee shall cause notice of the commencement of proceedings under...


(a) Advances for customers' claims In order to provide for prompt payment and satisfaction of net equity claims of customers of the debtor, SIPC shall advance to the trustee...


(a) Determination regarding direct payments If SIPC determines that - (1) any member of SIPC (including a person who was a member within one hundred eighty days prior...


(a) Administrative procedure Determinations of the Commission, for purposes of making rules pursuant to section 78ccc(e)(3) and section 78iii(f) of this title shall be...


Each member of SIPC shall file with such member's examining authority, or collection agent if a collection agent has been designated pursuant to section 78iii(a) of this title, such ...


(a) Collection agent Each self-regulatory organization shall act as collection agent for SIPC to collect the assessments payable by all members of SIPC for whom...


(a) Failure to pay assessment, etc. If a member of SIPC shall fail to file any report or information required pursuant to this chapter, or shall fail to pay when due all or...


(a) Public inspection of reports Any notice, report, or other document filed with SIPC pursuant to this chapter shall be available for public inspection unless SIPC or...


For purposes of this chapter, including the application of the Bankruptcy Act to a liquidation proceeding: (1) Commission The term ''Commission'' means the Securities...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935''. ...


(a) Interstate nature of holding companies Public-utility holding companies and their subsidiary companies are affected with a national public interest in that, among other ...


(a) Definitions When used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires - (1) ''Person'' means an individual or company. (2) ''Company'' means a...


(a) Exemption of holding companies The Commission, by rules and regulations upon its own motion, or by order upon application, shall exempt any holding company, and ...


(a) Transactions after December 1, 1935 After December 1, 1935, unless a holding company is registered under section 79e of this title, it shall be unlawful for such ...


(a) Notification of registration; effective date of registration On or at any time after October 1, 1935, any holding company or any person purposing to become a holding company...


(a) Issuing, selling, or altering rights of stockholders to declaration Except in accordance with a declaration effective under section 79g of this title and with the...


(a) Contents A registered holding company or subsidiary company thereof may file a declaration with the Commission, regarding any of the acts enumerated in subsection (a)...


Whenever a State law prohibits, or requires approval or authorization of, the ownership or operation by a single company of the utility assets of an electric utility company and a...


(a) Acquisition prohibited prior to Commission approval Unless the acquisition has been approved by the Commission under section 79j of this title, it shall be unlawful - ...


(a) Contents of application A person may apply for approval of the acquisition of securities or utility assets, or of any other interest in any business, by filing an...


(a) Examination by Commission with view to simplification It shall be the duty of the Commission to examine the corporate structure of every registered holding company and...


(a) Borrowing from other companies in same system It shall be unlawful for any registered holding company, by use of the mails or any means or instrumentality of interstate ...


(a) Contracts by holding companies After April 1, 1936, it shall be unlawful for any registered holding company, by use of the mails or any means or instrumentality of...


Every registered holding company and every mutual service company shall file with the Commission such annual, quarterly, and other periodic and special reports, the answers to...


(a) Duty of holding companies to keep Every registered holding company and every subsidiary company thereof shall make, keep, and preserve for such periods, such ...


(a) Any person who shall make or cause to be made any statement in any application, report, registration statement, or document filed pursuant to any provision of this chapter, or...


(a) Statement of ownership of securities; duty to file Every person who is an officer or director of a registered holding company shall file with the Commission in such form as the ...


(a) Investigations to determine violations, aid in enforcement and as basis for recommendations The Commission, in its discretion, may investigate any facts, ...


Hearings may be public and may be held before the Commission, any member or members thereof, or any officer or officers of the Commission designated by it, and appropriate...


(a) Authority of Commission to make The Commission shall have authority from time to time to make, issue, amend, and rescind such rules and regulations and such orders as it...


Nothing in this chapter shall affect (1) the jurisdiction of the Commission under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.), or the Securities Exchange Act...


(a) Public disclosure of information; protection of trade secrets When in the judgment of the Commission the disclosure of such information would be in the public interest or...


...


(a) Petition; jurisdiction; findings of Commission; additional evidence; finality Any person or party aggrieved by an order issued by the Commission under this chapter...


The District Courts of the United States and the United States courts of any Territory or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States shall have jurisdiction...


(a) Waiver provisions Any condition, stipulation, or provision binding any person to waive compliance with any provision of this chapter or with any rule, regulation, or...


(a) It shall be unlawful for any person, directly or indirectly, to cause to be done any act or thing through or by means of any other person which it would be unlawful for...


It shall be unlawful for any person in issuing, selling, or offering for sale any security of a registered holding company or subsidiary company thereof, to represent or imply in...


Any person who willfully violates any provision of this chapter or any rule, regulation, or order thereunder (other than an order of the Commission under subsections (b), (d), (e),...


The Commission is hereby authorized and directed to make studies and investigations of public-utility companies, the territories served or which can be served by...


The provisions of section 78d(b) of this title shall be applicable with respect to the power of the Commission - (1) to appoint and fix the compensation of such employees as ...


(a) Definitions For purposes of this section - (1) Exempt wholesale generator The term ''exempt wholesale generator'' means any person determined by the Federal...


(a) Exemptions for foreign utility companies (1) In general A foreign utility company shall be exempt from all of the provisions of this chapter, except as...


(a) Definitions For purposes of this section - (1) Exempt telecommunications company The term ''exempt telecommunications company'' means any person determined by...


If any provision of this chapter or the application of such provision to any person or circumstances shall be held invalid, the remainder of the chapter and the application of...


(a) Findings Upon the basis of facts disclosed by the record and reports of the Securities and Exchange Commission made pursuant to section 79z-4 of this title, and...


(a) Definitions When used in this subchapter, unless the context otherwise requires - (1) ''Advisory board'' means a board, whether elected or appointed, which...


(a) Definitions (1) When used in this subchapter, ''investment company'' means any issuer which - (A) is or holds itself out as being engaged primarily, or proposes...


(a) Registration requirements A security issued by or any interest or participation in any pooled income fund, collective trust fund, collective investment fund, or similar...


For the purposes of this subchapter, investment companies are divided into three principal classes, defined as follows: (1) ''Face-amount certificate company'' means...


(a) Open-end and closed-end companies For the purposes of this subchapter, management companies are divided into open-end and closed-end companies, defined as follows: ...


(a) Exemption of specified investment companies The following investment companies are exempt from the provisions of this subchapter: (1) Any company organized or...


(a) Prohibition of transactions in interstate commerce by companies No investment company organized or otherwise created under the laws of the United States or of a State and having...


(a) Notification of registration; effective date of registration Any investment company organized or otherwise created under the laws of the United States or of a State may...


(a) Persons deemed ineligible for service with investment companies, etc.; investment adviser It shall be unlawful for any of the following persons to serve or act in...


(a) Interested persons of company who may serve on board of directors No registered investment company shall have a board of directors more than 60 per centum of the...


(a) Approval by Commission for exchanges of securities on basis other than relative net asset value It shall be unlawful for any registered open-end company or any ...


(a) Purchase of securities on margin; joint trading accounts; short sales of securities; exceptions It shall be unlawful for any registered investment company, in ...


(a) No registered investment company shall, unless authorized by the vote of a majority of its outstanding voting securities - (1) change its subclassification as defined...


(a) Public offerings No registered investment company organized after August 22, 1940, and no principal underwriter for such a company, shall make a public offering of...


(a) Written contract to serve or act as investment adviser; contents It shall be unlawful for any person to serve or act as investment adviser of a registered...


(a) Election of directors No person shall serve as a director of a registered investment company unless elected to that office by the holders of the outstanding voting...


(a) Prohibited transactions It shall be unlawful for any affiliated person or promoter of or principal underwriter for a registered investment company (other than a company of...


(a) Qualifications on issuance of senior securities It shall be unlawful for any registered closed-end company to issue any class of senior security, or to sell any such security of ...


(a) Dividends; restriction; exception It shall be unlawful for any registered investment company to pay any dividend, or to make any distribution in the nature of a ...


(a) Prohibition on use of means of interstate commerce for solicitation of proxies It shall be unlawful for any person, by use of the mails or any means or instrumentality...


It shall be unlawful for any registered management company to lend money or property to any person, directly or indirectly, if - (a) the investment policies of such...


(a) Rules relating to minimum and maximum prices for purchase and sale of securities from investment company; time for resale and redemption A securities...


(a) Issuance of securities No registered closed-end company shall issue any of its securities (1) for services; or (2) for property other than cash or securities...


(a) Registration statement; contents In registering under the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.), any security of which it is the issuer, a registered ...


(a) Filing of reorganization plan and other information with Commission Any person who, by use of the mails or any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce...


(a) Custody and sale of securities No principal underwriter for or depositor of a registered unit investment trust shall sell, except by surrender to the trustee for ...


(a) Sale of certificates; restrictions It shall be unlawful for any registered investment company issuing periodic payment plan certificates, or for any depositor of ...


(a) Issuance or sale of certificates It shall be unlawful for any registered face-amount certificate company to issue or sell any face-amount certificate, or to collect or...


(a) Annual report by company Every registered investment company shall file annually with the Commission such information, documents, and reports as investment companies...


(a) Maintenance of records (1) In general Each registered investment company, and each underwriter, broker, dealer, or investment adviser that is a majority-owned ...


(a) Selection of accountant It shall be unlawful for any registered management company or registered face-amount certificate company to file with the Commission any...


Every registered investment company which is a party and every affiliated person of such company who is a party defendant to any action or claim by a registered investment company...


(a) Willful destruction It shall be unlawful for any person, except as permitted by rule, regulation, or order of the Commission, willfully to destroy, mutilate, or alter...


(a) Misrepresentation of guarantees (1) In general It shall be unlawful for any person, issuing or selling any security of which a registered investment company is...


(a) Civil actions by Commission; jurisdiction; allegations; injunctive or other relief The Commission is authorized to bring an action in the proper district court of...


Whoever steals, unlawfully abstracts, unlawfully and willfully converts to his own use or to the use of another, or embezzles any of the moneys, funds, securities, credits,...


(a) Powers of Commission The Commission shall have authority from time to time to make, issue, amend, and rescind such rules and regulations and such orders as are necessary...


Subject to the provisions of chapter 15 of title 44 and regulations prescribed under the authority thereof, the rules and regulations of the Commission under this subchapter,...


(a) Notice and hearing Orders of the Commission under this subchapter shall be issued only after appropriate notice and opportunity for hearing. Notice to the parties to...


Hearings may be public and may be held before the Commission, any member or members thereof, or any officer or officers of the Commission designated by it, and appropriate...


(a) Investigation The Commission may make such investigations as it deems necessary to determine whether any person has violated or is about to violate any provision of...


(a) Any person or party aggrieved by an order issued by the Commission under this subchapter may obtain a review of such order in the United States court of appeals within any...


The district courts of the United States and the United States courts of any Territory or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States shall have jurisdiction...


(a) The information contained in any registration statement, application, report, or other document filed with the Commission pursuant to any provision of this subchapter or of...


(a) Omitted (b) Hiring and leasing authority The provisions of section 78d(b) of this title shall be applicable with respect to the power of the Commission - (1)...


(a) Waiver of compliance as void Any condition, stipulation, or provision binding any person to waive compliance with any provision of this subchapter or with any ...


(a) Procurement It shall be unlawful for any person, directly or indirectly, to cause to be done any act or thing through or by means of any other person which it would...


Any person who willfully violates any provision of this subchapter or of any rule, regulation, or order hereunder, or any person who willfully in any registration...


Except where specific provision is made to the contrary, nothing in this subchapter shall affect (1) the jurisdiction of the Commission under the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C....


If any provision of this subchapter or any provision incorporated in this subchapter by reference, or the application of any such provision to any person or circumstances, shall...


This subchapter may be cited as the ''Investment Company Act of 1940''. ...


The effective date of the provisions of this subchapter, so far as the same relate to face-amount certificates or to face-amount certificate companies, is January 1, 1941....


(a) Eligibility Any company defined in section 80a-2(a)(48)(A) and (B) of this title may elect to be subject to the provisions of sections 80a-54 through 80a-64 of this title...


(a) Permissible assets; percentage It shall be unlawful for a business development company to acquire any assets (other than those described in paragraphs (1) through (7) of...


(a) Non-interested persons A majority of a business development company's directors or general partners shall be persons who are not interested persons of such company. ...


(a) Transactions involving controlling or closely affiliated persons It shall be unlawful for any person who is related to a business development company in a manner...


No business development company shall, unless authorized by the vote of a majority of its outstanding voting securities or partnership interests, change the nature of its business...


Notwithstanding the exemption set forth in section 80-6(f) of this title, sections 80a-1, 80a-2, 80a-3, 80a-4, 80a-5, 80a-6, 80a-9, 80a-10(f), 80a-15(a), (c), and (f),...


Notwithstanding the exemption set forth in section 80a-6(f) of this title, section 80a-12 of this title shall apply to a business development company to the same extent as if it...


(a) Exceptions for business development company Notwithstanding the exemption set forth in section 80a-6(f) of this title, section 80a-18 of this title shall apply to a business ...


Notwithstanding the exemption set forth in section 80a-6(f) of this title, section 80a-21 of this title shall apply to a business development company to the same extent as if it...


Notwithstanding the exemption set forth in section 80a-6(f) of this title, section 80a-23 of this title shall apply to a business development company to the same extent as if it...


(a) Exception for business development company Notwithstanding the exemption set forth in section 80a-6(f) of this title, section 80a-30 of this title shall apply to a business ...


Notwithstanding the exemption set forth in section 80a-6(f) of this title, section 80a-47 of this title shall apply to a business development company to the same extent as if it...


Upon the basis of facts disclosed by the record and report of the Securities and Exchange Commission made pursuant to section 79z-4 of this title, and facts otherwise disclosed...


(a) In general When used in this subchapter, unless the context otherwise requires, the following definitions shall apply: (1) ''Assignment'' includes any direct or...


(a) Necessity of registration Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section and section 80b-3a of this title, it shall be unlawful for any investment adviser,...


(a) Advisers subject to State authorities (1) In general No investment adviser that is regulated or required to be regulated as an investment adviser in the State in...


Every investment adviser who makes use of the mails or of any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce in connection with his or its business as an investment adviser...


Every investment adviser subject to section 80b-4 of this title shall establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures reasonably designed, taking into...


(a) Compensation, assignment, and partnership-membership provisions No investment adviser, unless exempt from registration pursuant to section 80b-3(b) of this title, shall make...


It shall be unlawful for any investment adviser by use of the mails or any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce, directly or indirectly - (1) to employ any...


The Commission, by rules and regulations, upon its own motion, or by order upon application, may conditionally or unconditionally exempt any person or transaction, or any class...


It shall be unlawful for any person willfully to make any untrue statement of a material fact in any registration application or report filed with the Commission under section...


(a) Representations of sponsorship by United States or agency thereof It shall be unlawful for any person registered under section 80b-3 of this title to represent or imply...


(a) Investigation Whenever it shall appear to the Commission, either upon complaint or otherwise, that the provisions of this subchapter or of any rule or regulation...


(a) Information available to public The information contained in any registration application or report or amendment thereto filed with the Commission pursuant to any provision...


(a) Examination results and other information (1) The appropriate Federal banking agency shall provide the Commission upon request the results of any examination, reports, ...


(a) Power of Commission The Commission shall have authority from time to time to make, issue, amend, and rescind such rules and regulations and such orders as are necessary...


Hearings may be public and may be held before the Commission, any member or members thereof, or any officer or officers of the Commission designated by it, and appropriate...


(a) Petition; jurisdiction; findings of Commission; additional evidence; finality Any person or party aggrieved by an order issued by the Commission under this subchapter...


The district courts of the United States and the United States courts of any Territory or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States shall have jurisdiction...


(a) Waiver of compliance as void Any condition, stipulation, or provision binding any person to waive compliance with any provision of this subchapter or with any ...


...


Any person who willfully violates any provision of this subchapter, or any rule, regulation, or order promulgated by the Commission under authority thereof, shall, upon...


The provisions of section 78d(b) of this title shall be applicable with respect to the power of the Commission - (1) to appoint and fix the compensation of such other employees ...


(a) Jurisdiction of State regulators Nothing in this subchapter shall affect the jurisdiction of the securities commissioner (or any agency or officer performing like ...


If any provision of this subchapter or the application of such provision to any person or circumstances shall be held invalid, the remainder of the subchapter and the application...


This subchapter may be cited as the ''Investment Advisers Act of 1940''. ...


This subchapter shall become effective on November 1, 1940. ...


(a) Studies on needs, problems, and costs of businesses; availability The Securities and Exchange Commission shall gather, analyze, and make available to the...


(a) Responsibility of Securities Exchange Commission Pursuant to the consultation called for in section 80c of this title, the Securities and Exchange Commission shall conduct an ...


For fiscal year 1982, and for each of the three succeeding fiscal years, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated such amounts as may be necessary and appropriate to carry...


(a) The Securities and Exchange Commission shall use its best efforts to identify and reduce the costs of raising capital in connection with the issuance of securities by firms...


...


This chapter may be cited as the ''China Trade Act, 1922.'' ...


When used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise indicates - (a) The term ''person'' includes individual, partnership, corporation, and association; (b) The...


The Secretary of Commerce may authorize such Foreign Service officer as Secretary of State shall make available to perform duties of China Trade Act Registrar under his direction....


(a) Incorporation Three or more individuals (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as ''incorporators''), a majority of whom are citizens of the United States, may,...


Any China Trade Act corporation existing on June 25, 1938, may make its existence perpetual only upon application to the Secretary of Commerce to amend its charter in that respect...


The Secretary shall, upon the filing of such application, issue a certificate of incorporation certifying that the provisions of this chapter have been complied with and...


In addition to the powers granted elsewhere in this chapter, a China Trade Act corporation - (a) Shall have the right of succession during the existence of the corporation; ...


The Federal district courts shall have exclusive original jurisdiction of all suits to which a China Trade Act corporation, or a stockholder, director, or officer thereof in...


Each share of the original or any subsequent issue of stock of a China Trade Act corporation shall be issued at not less than par value, and shall be paid for in cash, or...


No share of stock of a China Trade Act corporation shall, for the purposes of section 147 of this title or of subdivision (d) of section 144 of this title, be held paid in real...


The bylaws may provide - (a) The time, place, manner of calling, giving notice, and conduct of, and determination of a quorum for, the meetings, annual or special, of...


(a) Time of first meeting; quorum Within six months after the issuance of the certificate of incorporation of a China Trade Act corporation there shall be held a...


The directors designated in the articles of incorporation shall, until their successors take office, direct the exercise of all powers of a China Trade Act corporation except such...


(a) For the purposes of this chapter the fiscal year of a China Trade Act corporation shall correspond to the calendar year. The corporation shall make and file with the...


Dividends declared by a China Trade Act corporation shall be derived wholly from the surplus profits of its business. ...


The registrar may, in order to ascertain if the affairs of a China Trade Act corporation are conducted contrary to any provision of this chapter, or any other law, or any treaty...


(a) Subpena for attendance of witness and production of records, etc. For the efficient administration of the functions vested in the registrar by this chapter, he...


In case of the voluntary dissolution of a China Trade Act corporation or revocation of its certificate of incorporation, the directors of the corporation shall be trustees for...


(a) The Secretary is authorized to make such regulations as may be necessary to carry into effect the functions vested in him or in the registrar by this chapter. (b)...


No stockholder, director, officer, employee, or agent of a China Trade Act corporation shall make, issue, or publish any statement, written or oral, or advertisement in any form,...


No individual, partnership, or association, or corporation not incorporated under this chapter or under a law of the United States, shall engage in business within China under a...


Every China Trade Act corporation shall maintain in the District of Columbia a person as its accredited agent, upon whom legal process may be served, in any suit to be brought in...


The Congress of the United States reserves the right to alter, amend, or repeal any provision of this chapter. ...


No corporation for the purpose of engaging in business within China shall be created under any law of the United States other than this chapter. ...


...


The duties of the Department of Labor, or Bureau of Labor, ''to ascertain, at as early a date as possible, and whenever industrial changes shall make it essential, the cost...


...


It shall be the province and duty of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, under the direction of the Secretary of Commerce, to foster, promote, and develop the...


A purpose of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce is the collection, arrangement, and classification of such statistical information as may be procured, showing, or tending...


Any statistical information furnished in confidence to the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce by individuals, corporations, and firms shall be held to be confidential, and...


...


...


It shall be the duty of the officer in charge of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce to gather and collate statistics and facts relating to commerce with foreign nations...


...


...


...


The Director of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce shall collect, digest, and arrange, for the use of Congress, the statistics of the manufactures of the United...


The Secretary of Commerce shall make a report to Congress on the first Monday of January in each year, containing the results of the information collected during the preceding...


...


The Secretary of Commerce shall publish official notifications, from time to time, of such commercial information communicated to him by diplomatic and consular officers, as he...


...


No part of the consular and other commercial reports of the Department of Commerce, including circular letters to chambers of commerce, discussing partisan political, religious,...


All terms of measure, weight, and money in the diplomatic, consular, and other commercial reports prepared, printed, published, and distributed by the Department of Commerce shall...


...


...


...


Section 3324(a) and (b) of title 31 shall not apply to advance payments for rent of offices in foreign countries by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. ...


...


...


...


...


The Secretary of Commerce is directed to cause a complete set of all the weights and measures adopted as standards to be delivered to the governor of each State in the Union for...


Such necessary repairs and adjustments shall be made to the standards furnished to the several States and Territories as may be requested by the governors thereof, and also...


The Secretary of Commerce is authorized and directed to furnish precise copies of standard weights and measures, bearing the seal of the National Institute of Standards and...


It shall be lawful throughout the United States of America to employ the weights and measures of the metric system; and no contract or dealing, or pleading in any court, shall...


The tables in the schedule annexed shall be recognized in the construction of contracts and in all legal proceedings as establishing, in terms of the weights and measures on June...


The Congress finds as follows: (1) The United States was an original signatory party to the 1875 Treaty of the Meter (20 Stat. 709), which established the ...


It is therefore the declared policy of the United States - (1) to designate the metric system of measurement as the preferred system of weights and measures for United...


As used in this subchapter, the term - (1) ''Board'' means the United States Metric Board, established under section 205d of this title; (2) ''engineering...


(a) Establishment There is established, in accordance with this section, an independent instrumentality to be known as a United States Metric Board. (b) Membership;...


It shall be the function of the Board to devise and carry out a broad program of planning, coordination, and public education, consistent with other national policy and...


In carrying out its duties under this subchapter, the Board may - (1) establish an Executive Committee, and such other committees as it deems desirable; (2)...


(a) Authorization; deposit into Treasury and disbursement The Board may accept, hold, administer, and utilize gifts, donations, and bequests of property, both real and personal, and ...


Members of the Board who are not in the regular full-time employ of the United States shall, while attending meetings or conferences of the Board or while otherwise engaged in...


(a) Executive Director; appointment; tenure; duties The Board shall appoint a qualified individual to serve as the Executive Director of the Board at the pleasure of the Board. The ...


Financial and administrative services, including those related to budgeting, accounting, financial reporting, personnel, and procurement, and such other staff services as may...


...


There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this subchapter. Appropriations to carry out the provisions of this...


(a) In general Construction services and materials for Federal facilities shall be procured in accordance with the policies and procedures set forth in chapter 137 of title...


For the purpose of securing uniformity the following is established as the only standard gauge for sheet and plate iron and steel in the United States of America, namely: ...


The Secretary of Commerce is authorized and required to prepare suitable standards in accordance with section 206 of this title. ...


In the practical use and application of the standard gauge esablished (FOOTNOTE 1) in section 206 of this title a variation of 2 1/2 percent, either way may be allowed. ...


...


...


From and after July 21, 1950, the legal units of electrical and photometric measurement in the United States of America shall be those defined and established as provided in...


It shall be the duty of the Secretary of Commerce to establish the values of the primary electric and photometric units in absolute measure, and the legal values for these units...


The standard barrel for apples shall be of the following dimensions when measured without distention of its parts: Length of stave, twenty-eight and one-half inches; diameter...


All barrels packed with apples shall be deemed to be below standard if the barrel bears any statement, design, or device indicating that the barrel is a standard barrel of apples,...


Any person, firm, or corporation, or association who shall knowingly pack or cause to be packed apples in barrels, or who shall knowingly sell or offer for sale such barrels...


The standard barrel for fruits, vegetables, and other dry commodities other than cranberries shall be of the following dimensions when measured without distention of its parts:...


It shall be unlawful to sell, offer, or expose for sale in any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or to ship from any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia to...


Reasonable variations shall be permitted and tolerance shall be established by rules and regulations made by the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology...


There is established a large and a small barrel of lime, the large barrel to consist of two hundred and eighty pounds and the small barrel to consist of one hundred and eighty...


It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or offer for sale lime imported in barrels from a foreign country, or to sell or offer for sale lime in barrels for shipment from any...


When lime is sold in interstate or foreign commerce in containers of less capacity than the standard small barrel, it shall be sold in fractional parts of said standard small...


Rules and regulations for the enforcement of sections 237 to 242 of this title, not inconsistent with the provisions of said sections, shall be made by the Director of the...


It shall be unlawful to pack, sell, or offer for sale for shipment from any State or Territory or the District of Columbia to any other State or Territory or the District of...


It shall be the duty of each United States attorney, to whom satisfactory evidence of any violation of sections 237 to 242 of this title is presented, to cause appropriate...


...


...


It is the policy of the United States to promote the adoption and observance of uniform time within the standard time zones prescribed by sections 261 to 264 of this title,...


(a) Duration of period; State exemption During the period commencing at 2 o'clock antemeridian on the first Sunday of April of each year and ending at 2 o'clock antemeridian...


For the purpose of establishing the standard time of the United States, the territory of the United States shall be divided into nine zones in the manner provided in this section....


Within the respective zones created under the authority of sections 261 to 264 of this title the standard time of the zone shall insofar as practicable (as determined by the...


The standard time of the first zone shall be known and designated as Atlantic standard time; that of the second zone shall be known and designated as eastern standard time; that...


In the division of territory, and in the definition of the limits of each zone, as provided in sections 261 to 264 of this title, so much of the State of Idaho as lies south of...


The Panhandle and Plains sections of Texas and Oklahoma are transferred to and placed within the United States standard central-time zone. The Secretary of Transportation...


Subchapter II of chapter 5, and chapter 7, of title 5 shall apply to all proceedings under this Act, sections 261 to 264 of this title, and section 265 of this title. ...


As used in this Act, the term ''State'' includes the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or any...


(a) The Congress finds and declares the following: (1) The future well-being of the United States economy depends on a strong manufacturing base and requires continual ...


(a) Establishment of National Institute of Standards and Technology There is established within the Department of Commerce a science, engineering, technology, and...


In addition to such other technology services and technology extension activities which may be mandated or authorized by law, and in order to help improve the use of technology...


The National Institute of Standards and Technology shall annually submit to the Congress, at the time of the release of the President's budget, a three year budget estimate for...


The Institute is authorized to exercise its functions for the Government of the United States and for international organizations of which the United States is a member;...


The Director shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Director shall have the general supervision of the Institute, its...


The officers and employees of the Institute, except the director, shall be appointed by the Secretary of Commerce at such time as their respective services may become necessary. ...


The Secretary shall charge for services performed under the authority of section 273 of this title, except in cases where he determines that the interest of the Government would...


The Secretary of Commerce shall charge for any service performed by the Institute, at the request of another Government agency, in compliance with any statute, enacted before, on,...


Fees for calibration services, standard reference materials, and other comparable services provided by the National Institute of Standards and Technology shall be at least...


In the absence of specific agreement to the contrary, additional facilities, including equipment, purchased pursuant to the performance of services authorized by section 273 of...


The Secretary of Commerce shall, from time to time, make regulations regarding the payment of fees, the limits of tolerance to be attained in standards submitted for verification,...


(a) Establishment; appointment; membership and composition; review and recommendations There is established within the Institute a Visiting Committee on Advanced...


...


(a) Utilization The Institute is authorized to utilize in the performance of its functions the Working Capital Fund established by the Act of June 29, 1950 (64 Stat. 275). ...


To the extent that funds are specifically appropriated therefor, the Secretary of Commerce is authorized to acquire land for such field sites as are necessary for the proper...


Within the limits of funds which are appropriated for the Institute, the Secretary of Commerce is authorized to undertake such construction of buildings and other facilities and...


In the performance of the functions of the Institute the Secretary of Commerce is authorized to undertake the following activities: (a) The purchase, repair, and cleaning of...


(a) Establishment; programs of research; functions of Secretary; dissemination of information There is hereby established within the Department of Commerce a Fire...


(a) Financial assistance to foreign nationals The Secretary is authorized, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to expend such sums, within the limit of appropriated ...


The Director is authorized to expend up to 1 per centum of the funds appropriated for activities of the Institute in any fiscal year, as the Director may deem desirable, for awards...


The Institute, in conjunction with the National Academy of Sciences, shall establish and conduct a post-doctoral fellowship program, subject to the availability of...


(a) Establishment The Director shall establish within the Institute a teacher science and technology enhancement program to provide for professional development of mathematics...


(a) Development of standards, guidelines, methods, and techniques for computer systems The Institute shall - (1) have the mission of developing standards, guidelines,...


(a) Establishment and composition There is hereby established a Computer System Security and Privacy Advisory Board within the Department of Commerce. The Secretary of...


Appropriations to carry out the provisions of this chapter may remain available for obligation and expenditure for such period or periods as may be specified in the Acts making...


(a) The Director shall keep the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of...


The Director may periodically contract with the National Research Council for advice and studies to assist the Institute to serve United States industry and science. The subjects...


(a) Creation and support of Centers; affiliations; merit review in determining awards; objectives The Secretary, through the Director and, if appropriate, through ...


(a) In addition to the Centers program created under section 278k of this title, the Secretary, through the Director and, if appropriate, through other officials, shall...


In conjunction with the initial organization of the Institute, the Director shall establish a program for the evaluation of inventions that are not energy-related to complement...


(a) Establishment; purpose; focus; guidance There is established in the Institute an Advanced Technology Program (hereafter in this chapter referred to as the ''Program'') for...


The Institute shall not implement a policy of charging fees with respect to the use of Institute research facilities by research associates in the absence of express...


(a) Notice of reprogramming If any funds authorized for carrying out this chapter are subject to a reprogramming action that requires notice to be provided to the...


In the case of the absence of the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology the Secretary of Commerce may designate some officer of said Institute to perform...


...


The National Institute of Standards and Technology, on its own initiative but only after consultation with local authorities, may initiate and conduct investigations to determine...


...


The Board of Assessment of the National Institute of Standards and Technology shall include, as part of its annual review, an assessment of emerging technologies which are expected...


...


...


...


The Congress hereby finds and declares that reliable standardized scientific and technical reference data are of vital importance to the progress of the Nation's science...


For the purposes of this chapter - (a) The term ''standard reference data'' means quantitative information, related to a measurable physical or chemical property of a...


The Secretary is authorized and directed to provide or arrange for the collection, compilation, critical evaluation, publication, and dissemination of standard reference data....


To provide for more effective integration and coordination of standard reference data activities, the Secretary, in consultation with other interested Federal agencies,...


Standard reference data conforming to standards established by the Secretary may be made available and sold by the Secretary or by a person or agency designated by him. To the...


(a) Notwithstanding the limitations contained in section 105 of title 17, the Secretary may secure copyright and renewal thereof on behalf of the United States as author or...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this chapter, $1.86 million for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1969. Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law,...


It shall be unlawful for any person, partnership, association, or corporation engaged in commerce among the several States, Territories, District of Columbia, and possessions of...


Any gold, silver, or goods manufactured therefrom after February 21, 1905, bearing any of the stamps, words, phrases, or devices prohibited to be used under section 291 of this...


Every person, partnership, association, or corporation violating the provisions of sections 291 to 293 of this title, and every officer, director, or managing agent of...


It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, corporation, or association, being a manufacturer of or wholesale or retail dealer in gold or silver jewelry or gold ware, silver goods...


In the case of articles of merchandise made in whole or in part of gold or of any of its alloys so imported into or exported from the United States, or so deposited in the...


In the case of articles of merchandise made in whole or in part of silver or any of its alloys so imported into or exported from the United States, or so deposited in the...


(a) Words ''sterling'' or ''coin'' forbidden In the case of articles of merchandise made in whole or in part of an inferior metal, having deposited or plated thereon or brazed ...


(a) Criminal prosecutions; penalties; jurisdiction Each and every person, firm, corporation, or association, being a manufacturer of or a wholesale or retail dealer in gold or...


(a) The expression ''article of merchandise'' as used in sections 294 to 300 of this title shall signify any goods, wares, works of art, commodity, or other thing which may...


All articles of merchandise to which sections 294 to 300 of this title apply which shall have been transported into any State, Territory, District, or possession of the United...


...


The National Weather Service shall consist of such civilian employees as Congress may annually provide for and as may be necessary to properly perform the duties devolving on...


The Secretary of Commerce shall have charge of the forecasting of weather, the issue of storm warnings, the display of weather and flood signals for the benefit of...


In order to improve the weather forecasting service of the United States and to promote safety and efficiency in civil air navigation to the highest possible degree, the Secretary...


The Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration shall establish an Institute for Aviation Weather Prediction. The Institute shall provide forecasts, weather ...


...


The Secretary of Commerce is authorized to make such changes or assignment to duty in the personnel or detailed force of the National Weather Service for limiting or reducing...


...


The appropriations for the support of the National Weather Service shall be made with those of the other bureaus of the Department of Commerce, and it shall be the duty of...


The Secretary of Commerce, in cooperation with the United States Postal Service, may arrange a plan by which there shall be displayed on all cars and other conveyances used...


...


...


...


National Weather Service part-time employees, appointed by designation or otherwise under regulations of the Director of the Office of Personnel Management for observational work,...


...


...


Appropriations now or hereafter provided for the National Weather Service shall be available for (a) furnishing food and shelter, without repayment therefor, to employees of...


When so specified in appropriation Acts, the National Weather Service is authorized to maintain a printing office in the city of Washington for the printing of weather...


The Secretary of Commerce is authorized to (a) appoint employees for the conduct of meteorological investigations in the Arctic region without regard to the civil service laws and...


Subject to approval of the President, and without charge to the National Weather Service, the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Air Force, and the Secretary of the Navy...


...


As used in this chapter - (1) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Commerce. (2) The term ''person'' means any individual, corporation, company,...


No person may engage, or attempt to engage, in any weather modification activity in the United States unless he submits to the Secretary such reports with respect thereto, in...


(a) Records, maintenance; summaries, publication The Secretary shall maintain a record of weather modification activities, including attempts, which take place in the United ...


(a) Information; reports and records; inspection; availability of data from any Federal agency as limitation of authority The Secretary may obtain from any person whose...


Any person who knowingly and willfully violates section 330a of this title, or any rule issued thereunder, shall upon conviction thereof be fined not more than $10,000. ...


There are authorized to be appropriated $150,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1972, $200,000 each for the fiscal years 1973 through 1980, $100,000 for the fiscal year...


...


For the purposes of this chapter - (1) The term ''person'' includes corporations, companies, associations, firms, partnerships, societies, and joint stock companies,...


(a) Contents Any person who sells or transfers for profit cigarettes in interstate commerce, whereby such cigarettes are shipped into a State taxing the sale or use of...


Whoever violates any provision of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined not more than $1,000, or imprisoned not more than 6 months, or both. ...


The United States district courts shall have jurisdiction to prevent and restrain violations of this chapter. ...


(a) Minimum standards No State, or political subdivision thereof, shall have power to impose, for any taxable year ending after September 14, 1959, a net income tax on the...


(a) Limitations No State, or political subdivision thereof, shall have power to assess, after September 14, 1959, any net income tax which was imposed by such State or...


For purposes of this chapter, the term ''net income tax'' means any tax imposed on, or measured by, net income. ...


If any provision of this chapter or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of this chapter or the application of such...


No State, or political subdivision thereof, may impose or assess a tax on or with respect to the generation or transmission of electricity which discriminates against...


...


When used in this chapter (a) the term ''agricultural products'', means agricultural, horticultural, viticultural, and dairy products, food products of livestock, the products...


No board of trade whose members are engaged in the business of buying or selling agricultural products or receiving the same for sale on consignment in interstate commerce...


Any such cooperative association or any such organization whose duly authorized representative is excluded from such membership and privileges by any board of trade referred to...


The Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Agriculture, and three directors first appointed as provided in section 502 of this title and their successors, are created a...


(a) Composition The board of directors of the corporation (in this chapter referred to as the board) shall be constituted as follows: (1) The Secretary of Commerce; ...


(a) Scientific and economic research The purposes of the corporation shall be to administer and expend its funds and other property for scientific and economic research for...


The corporation - (a) Shall have perpetual succession; (b) May sue and be sued; (c) May adopt a corporate seal and alter it at pleasure; (d) May adopt and...


The corporation shall, on or before the 1st day of December in each year, transmit to Congress and to the President a report of its proceedings and activities for the...


The right to alter, amend, or repeal this chapter is expressly reserved. ...


Persons engaged in the fishery industry, as fishermen, catching, collecting, or cultivating aquatic products, or as planters of aquatic products on public or private beds, may...


If the Secretary of Commerce shall have reason to believe that any such association monopolizes or restrains trade in interstate or foreign commerce to such an extent that the...


...


...


...


(a) Aid, counsel, assistance, etc., to small business concerns The essence of the American economic system of private enterprise is free competition. Only through full and...


(a) Foster small business For the purpose of preserving and promoting a competitive free enterprise economic system, Congress hereby declares that it is the continuing policy...


(a) Report on Small Business and Competition The President shall transmit to the Congress not later than January 20 of each year a Report on Small Business and Competition ...


(a) Criteria (1) For the purposes of this chapter, a small-business concern, including but not limited to enterprises that are engaged in the business of production of food...


(a) Creation; principal, branch, and regional offices In order to carry out the policies of this chapter there is created an agency under the name ''Small Business Administration'' ...


(a) Seal; appointment and compensation of personnel; use of other services and facilities The Administration shall have power to adopt, alter, and use a seal, which shall...


There is established within the Small Business Administration an Office of Advocacy. The management of the Office shall be vested in a Chief Counsel for Advocacy who shall...


The primary functions of the Office of Advocacy shall be to - (1) examine the role of small business in the American economy and the contribution which small business can...


The Office of Advocacy shall also perform the following duties on a continuing basis: (1) serve as a focal point for the receipt of complaints, criticisms, and...


In carrying out the provisions of sections 634a to 634g of this title, the Chief Counsel for Advocacy may - (1) employ and fix the compensation of such additional staff ...


Each department, agency, and instrumentality of the Federal Government is authorized and directed to furnish to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy such reports and other information as...


The Chief Counsel may from time to time prepare and publish such reports as he deems appropriate. Not later than one year after June 4, 1976, he shall transmit to the Congress,...


There are authorized to be appropriated not to exceed $1,000,000 to carry out the provisions of sections 634a to 634g of this title. Any sums so appropriated shall remain...


(a) All moneys of the Administration not otherwise employed may be deposited with the Treasury of the United States subject to check by authority of the Administration. The...


(a) Loans to small business concerns; allowable purposes; qualified business; restrictions and limitations The Administration is empowered to the extent and in such amounts ...


...


Any loan made under section 636a (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title and section 4452 (FOOTNOTE 1) of title 42 shall not exceed the current cost of repairing or replacing the disaster...


In the administration of any Federal disaster loan program under the authority of section 636a (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title, section 4452 (FOOTNOTE 1) of title 42, or section 233...


(a) Loans to disaster areas The Small Business Administration in the case of a nonagricultural enterprise, and the Farmers Home Administration in the case of an...


(a) Procurement contracts; subcontracts to disadvantaged small business concerns; performance bonds; contract negotiations; definitions; eligibility;...


...


(a) Requests for information For any contract to be let by any Federal agency, such agency shall provide to any small business concern upon its request - (1) a copy of...


For purposes of this Act - (1) the term ''Administrator'' means the Administrator of the Small Business Administration; (2) the term ''Federal agency'' has the...


(a) Declaration of policy Research and development are major factors in the growth and progress of industry and the national economy. The expense of carrying on research...


(a) Annual reports to President and Congressional officers and committees The Administration shall, as soon as practicable each fiscal year make a comprehensive annual...


It is the sense of the Congress that the regular business loan program of the Small Business Administration should be reviewed by the Congress at least once every two years. It...


(a) Consultation with President The President is authorized to consult with representatives of small-business concerns with a view to encouraging the making by such persons...


The President may transfer to the Administration any functions, powers, and duties of any department or agency which relate primarily to small-business problems. In connection...


No loan shall be made or equipment, facilities, or services furnished by the Administration under this chapter to any business enterprise unless the owners, partners, or officers...


To the fullest extent the Administration deems practicable, it shall make a fair charge for the use of Government-owned property and make and let contracts on a basis that will...


(a) Determination To effectuate the purposes of this chapter, small-business concerns within the meaning of this chapter shall receive any award or contract or any part...


(a) False statements; overvaluation of securities Whoever makes any statement knowing it to be false, or whoever willfully overvalues any security, for the purpose of obtaining for ...


Any interest held by the Administration in property, as security for a loan, shall be subordinate to any lien on such property for taxes due on the property to a State, or...


(a) General prohibition; exception The Administration shall not duplicate the work or activity of any other department or agency of the Federal Government,, (FOOTNOTE 1)...


(a) Grants, contracts and cooperative agreements for establishment of small business development centers and for small business activities and purposes; role of...


...


(a) Establishment There is established within the Administration an Office of International Trade which shall implement the programs pursuant to this section. (b)...


...


(a) Limitations and restrictions The Secretary of Commerce (hereinafter referred to as the ''Secretary'') is authorized to make grants (including contracts and...


At least one small business international program shall be established within each region of the Department of Commerce. There are authorized to be appropriated to the...


The Secretary through the International Trade Administration, shall, only to such extent and in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts on and after October 1,...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, rule, or regulations, for purposes of section 636(b) of this title, the Administrator shall, with respect to small business...


(a) Authorization of grants and contracts with States The Administrator is authorized to make grants to or to enter into contracts with any State for the purpose of contracting with ...


(a) Establishment There is hereby established a Central European Small Business Enterprise Development Commission (hereinafter in this section referred to as the...


(a) Establishment There is hereby established in the Small Business Administration an Office of Rural Affairs (hereafter in this section referred to as the ''Office''). ...


(a) Definitions In this section: (1) Drug-free workplace program The term ''drug-free workplace program'' means a program that includes - (A) a...


(a) Establishment The Administration, in consultation with the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the National Technical Information Service, shall establish...


(a) Definitions In this section - (1) the term ''Assistant Administrator'' means the Assistant Administrator of the Office of Women's Business Ownership ...


(a) Definitions For purposes of this section, the term - (1) ''Board'' means a Regional Small Business Regulatory Fairness Board established under subsection (c) of...


(a) In general There is established within the Administration a program to be carried out by the Administrator to provide for Federal contracting assistance to qualified...


(a) Office of Veterans Business Development There is established in the Administration an Office of Veterans Business Development, which shall be administered by the Associate ...


(a) Establishment There is established a federally chartered corporation to be known as the National Veterans Business Development Corporation (in this section referred to as...


(a) Definitions In this section and section 657e of this title, the following definitions apply: (1) Applicant The term ''applicant'' means an entity, organization, or ...


(a) Findings Congress finds that - (1) the SBIR and STTR programs create jobs, increase capacity for technological innovation, and boost international ...


It is declared to be the policy of the Congress and the purpose of this chapter to improve and stimulate the national economy in general and the small-business segment thereof...


As used in this chapter - (1) the term ''Administration'' means the Small Business Administration; (2) the term ''Administrator'' means the Administrator of the ...


There is hereby established in the Small Business Administration a division to be known as the Small Business Investment Division. The Division shall be headed by an...


...


(a) Incorporation and charter under State law, period of succession; area of operations A small business investment company shall be an incorporated body, a limited...


(a) Amount (1) In general Except as provided in paragraph (2), the private capital of each licensee shall be not less than - (A) $5,000,000; or ...


(a) Authority to issue obligations Each small business investment company shall have authority to borrow money and to issue its securities, promissory notes, or other...


(a) Function of investment companies It shall be a function of each small business investment company to provide a source of equity capital for incorporated and ...


(a) Authorization Each company is authorized to make loans, in the manner and subject to the conditions described in this section, to incorporated and...


(a) Percentage limitation of private capital If any small business investment company has obtained financing from the Administration and such financing remains outstanding, the ...


(a) Cooperation with banks and other financial institutions Wherever practicable the operations of a small business investment company, including the generation of business, may be ...


(a) Grounds for suspension or revocation A license may be revoked or suspended by the Administration - (1) for false statements knowingly made in any written ...


(a) Investigation of violations The Administration may make such investigations as it deems necessary to determine whether a licensee or any other person has engaged or is...


(a) Grounds; jurisdiction of court Whenever, in the judgment of the Administration, a licensee or any other person has engaged or is about to engage in any acts or practices...


For the purpose of controlling conflicts of interest which may be detrimental to small business concerns, to small business investment companies, to the shareholders, partners,...


(a) Definition of ''management official'' In this section, the term ''management official'' means an officer, director, general partner, manager, employee, agent, or ...


(a) Violation by licensee deemed violation by persons participating Wherever a licensee violates any provision of this chapter or regulation issued thereunder by reason of its...


(a) Report violations Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, a licensee which violates any regulation or written directive issued by the Administrator,...


Any suit or action brought under section 687, 687a, 687c, 687e, or 687g of this title by the Administration at law or in equity to enforce any liability or duty created by, or...


...


Nothing in any provision of law shall be construed to authorize the Federal Financing Bank to acquire after September 30, 1985 - (1) any obligation the payment of principal...


(a) Issuance; debentures or participating securities composing trust or pool The Administration is authorized to issue trust certificates representing ownership of all or...


The Administration shall issue guarantees under section 683 of this title and trust certificates under section 687l of this title at periodic intervals of not less than every...


...


In this part, the following definitions apply: (1) Developmental venture capital The term ''developmental venture capital'' means capital in the form of equity...


The purposes of the New Markets Venture Capital Program established under this part are - (1) to promote economic development and the creation of wealth and...


In accordance with this part, the Administrator shall establish a New Markets Venture Capital Program, under which the Administrator may - (1) enter into...


(a) Eligibility A company shall be eligible to apply to participate, as a New Markets Venture Capital company, in the program established under this part if - (1)...


(a) In general The Administrator may guarantee the timely payment of principal and interest, as scheduled, on debentures issued by any New Markets Venture Capital company. ...


(a) Issuance The Administrator may issue trust certificates representing ownership of all or a fractional part of debentures issued by a New Markets Venture Capital company...


Except as provided in section 689e(d) of this title, the Administrator may charge such fees as it deems appropriate with respect to any guarantee or grant issued under this part. ...


(a) In general (1) Authority In accordance with this section, the Administrator may make grants to New Markets Venture Capital companies and to other entities,...


(a) In general Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any national bank, any member bank of the Federal Reserve System, and (to the extent permitted...


Section 687k of this title shall not apply to any debenture issued by a New Markets Venture Capital company under this part. ...


Each New Markets Venture Capital company that participates in the program established under this part shall provide to the Administrator such information as the Administrator...


(a) In general Each New Markets Venture Capital company that participates in the program established under this part shall be subject to examinations made at the direction of...


(a) In general Whenever, in the judgment of the Administrator, a New Markets Venture Capital company or any other person has engaged or is about to engage in any acts or...


(a) In general With respect to any New Markets Venture Capital company that violates or fails to comply with any of the provisions of this chapter, of any regulation issued...


(a) Parties deemed to commit a violation Whenever any New Markets Venture Capital company violates any provision of this chapter, of a regulation issued under this chapter, or...


Using the procedures for removing or suspending a director or an officer of a licensee set forth in section 687e of this title (to the extent such procedures are not inconsistent...


The Administrator may issue such regulations as it deems necessary to carry out the provisions of this part in accordance with its purposes. ...


(a) In general There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years 2001 through 2006, to remain available until expended, the following sums: (1) Such subsidy...


...


(a) Nonavailability of guarantees from other sources; participation with qualified sureties The Administration may, whenever it determines such action to be necessary...


Without limiting the authority conferred upon the Administrator and the Administration by section 671 of this title, the Administrator and the Administration shall have, in...


...


(a) Definitions For purposes of this section, the term - (1) ''pollution control facilities'' means such property (both real and personal) as the Administration in...


There is created within the Treasury a separate fund for guarantees which shall be available to the Administrator without fiscal year limitations as a revolving fund for the...


As used in this part - (1) The term ''bid bond'' means a bond conditioned upon the bidder on a contract entering into the contract, if he receives the award thereof,...


(a) Authority of Administration to guarantee surety against loss from principal's breach of bond (1) The Administration may, upon such terms and conditions as it ...


(a) There is created within the Treasury a separate fund for guarantees which shall be available to the Administrator without fiscal year limitation as a revolving fund for...


(a) Congressional finding and declaration of purpose The Congress hereby finds and declares that the purpose of this subchapter is to foster economic development and to create or ...


The Administration may, in addition to its authority under section 695 of this title, make loans for plant acquisition, construction, conversion or expansion, including...


(a) Guarantees; Administration authority; regulatory terms and conditions; full faith and credit; subordination of debentures (1) Except as provided in subsection (b) of...


(a) Notwithstanding any other law, rule, or regulation, the Administration shall sell to investors, either publicly or by private placement, debentures pursuant to section 697 of...


(a) Issuance; debentures composing trust or pool The Administration is authorized to issue trust certificates representing ownership of all or a fractional part of debentures ...


Notwithstanding Any Other Provision of Law: (1) on or after May 1, 1991, no development company may accept funding from any source, including but not limited to any department...


(a) Establishment The Administration is authorized to establish an Accredited Lenders Program for qualified State and local development companies that meet the requirements...


(a) Establishment The Administration may establish a Premier Certified Lenders Program for certified development companies that meet the requirements of subsection (b) of...


(a) In general (1) Prepayment authorized Subject to the requirements set forth in subsection (b) of this section, an issuer of a debenture purchased by the Federal ...


(a) Delegation of authority In accordance with this section, the Administration shall delegate to any qualified State or local development company (as defined in section 697(e)...


...


...


...


(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, none of the establishments or agencies named in subsection (b) of this section shall, after June 30, 1937, incur any obligations for ...


...


...


...


...


With the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, the Commodity Credit Corporation is authorized to issue and have outstanding at any one time, bonds, notes, debentures, and...


Bonds, notes, debentures, and other similar obligations issued by the Commodity Credit Corporation under the provisions of sections 713a-1 to 713a-5 of this title shall be deemed...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commodity Credit Corporation, with the approval of the President, is authorized to sell surplus agricultural commodities, acquired...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, has concluded a treaty involving the exchange of...


...


Full reimbursement shall be made to the Commodity Credit Corporation for services performed, losses sustained, operating costs incurred, or commodities purchased or delivered to...


...


There is authorized to be appropriated annually for each fiscal year by means of a current, indefinite appropriation, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated,...


After September 30, 1964, the portion of borrowings from Treasury equal to the unreimbursed realized losses recorded on the books of the Commodity Credit Corporation after...


In the event the accounts of the Commodity Credit Corporation reflect a net realized gain for any such fiscal year, the amount of such net realized gain shall be deposited in...


Congress hereby reconfirms its long-standing policy of favoring the use by governmental agencies of the usual and customary channels, facilities, and arrangements of trade...


(a) Establishment and operation During the period beginning 60 days after December 23, 1985, and ending on December 31, 2002, the Commodity Credit Corporation shall establish...


...


In carrying out the provisions of clause (2) of section 612c of title 7, the Secretary of Agriculture may transfer to the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation, which Corporation...


The Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation shall submit to Congress on the first day of each regular session an annual report setting forth a statement of the activities,...


Any part of the funds not to exceed $1,500,000 per year, created under and to carry out the provisions of section 612c of title 7, may also be used by the Secretary of Agriculture...


(a) Definitions As used in this section - (1) The term ''person'' means - (A) any individual who is a citizen or national of the United States or a citizen...


For the purpose of stabilizing, supporting, and protecting farm income and prices, of assisting in the maintenance of balanced and adequate supplies of agricultural...


The Corporation may establish offices in such place or places as it may deem necessary or desirable in the conduct of its business. ...


The Corporation - (a) Shall have succession in its corporate name. (b) May adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal, which shall be judicially noticed. (c) May sue and...


In the fulfillment of its purposes and in carrying out its annual budget programs submitted to and approved by the Congress pursuant to chapter 91 of title 31, the Corporation...


The Federal statutes applicable to Commodity Credit Corporation, a Delaware corporation, shall be applicable to the Corporation. Commodity Credit Corporation, a Delaware...


The Corporation shall have a capital stock of $100,000,000 which shall be subscribed by the United States. Such subscription shall be deemed to be fully paid by the transfer of...


The Corporation is authorized to use in the conduct of its business all its funds and other assets, including capital and net earnings therefrom, and all funds and other assets...


(a) Composition; appointment, tenure and compensation; quorum; duties The management of the Corporation shall be vested in a board of directors (hereinafter referred to as...


The Secretary shall appoint such officers and employees as may be necessary for the conduct of the business of the Corporation, define their authority and duties, delegate to...


The Corporation may, with the consent of the agency concerned, accept and utilize, on a compensated or uncompensated basis, the officers, employees, services, facilities,...


The Corporation may, in the conduct of its business, utilize on a contract or fee basis, committees or associations of producers, producer-owned and producer-controlled...


The Corporation shall at all times maintain complete and accurate books of account and shall file annually with the Secretary of Agriculture a complete report as to the business...


The provisions of section 22 of title 41 shall apply to all contracts or agreements of the Corporation, except contracts or agreements of a kind which the Corporation may enter...


(a) False statements; overvaluation of securities Whoever makes any statement knowing it to be false, or whoever willfully overvalues any security, for the purpose of influencing ...


The assets, funds, property, and records of Commodity Credit Corporation, a Delaware corporation, are transferred to the Corporation. The rights, privileges, and powers, and...


The Secretary of Agriculture, representing the United States as the sole owner of the capital stock of Commodity Credit Corporation, a Delaware corporation, is authorized and...


A buyer in the ordinary course of business of fungible goods sold and physically delivered by a warehouseman or other dealer who was regularly engaged in the business of buying...


It is declared to be the policy of Congress to protect interstate and foreign commerce from the diversion and obstruction of, and the burden and harmful effect upon, such...


As used in this chapter - (1) The term ''contraband oil'' means petroleum which, or any constituent part of which, was produced, transported, or withdrawn from storage...


The shipment or transportation in interstate commerce from any State of contraband oil produced in such State is prohibited. For the purposes of this section contraband oil shall...


Whenever the President finds that the amount of petroleum and petroleum products moving in interstate commerce is so limited as to be the cause, in whole or in part, of a lack...


(a) Rules and regulations The President shall prescribe such regulations as he finds necessary or appropriate for the enforcement of the provisions of this chapter, including...


Any person knowingly violating any provision of this chapter or any regulation prescribed thereunder shall upon conviction be punished by a fine of not to exceed $2,000 or...


(a) Seizure procedure; return of contraband oil Contraband oil shipped or transported in interstate commerce in violation of the provisions of this chapter shall be liable to be ...


No common carrier who shall refuse to accept petroleum or petroleum products from any area in which certificates of clearance are required under authority of this chapter, by...


(a) Hearings Any board established under authority of section 715d of this title, and any agency designated under authority of section 715j of this title, may hold and...


(a) Mandatory injunction upon application of President Upon application of the President, by the Attorney General, the United States District Courts shall have jurisdiction to issue ...


Wherever reference is made in this chapter to the President such reference shall be held to include, in addition to the President, any agency, officer, or employee who may...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, shall be held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and the application...


...


The Secretary of the Interior, in carrying out this chapter, is authorized to cooperate with Federal and State authorities. ...


(a) Necessity of regulation in public interest As disclosed in reports of the Federal Trade Commission made pursuant to S. Res. 83 (Seventieth Congress, first session) and ...


When used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires - (1) ''Person'' includes an individual or a corporation. (2) ''Corporation'' includes any...


(a) Mandatory authorization order After six months from June 21, 1938, no person shall export any natural gas from the United States to a foreign country or import any natural...


(a) Just and reasonable rates and charges All rates and charges made, demanded, or received by any natural-gas company for or in connection with the transportation or sale...


(a) Decreases in rates Whenever the Commission, after a hearing had upon its own motion or upon complaint of any State, municipality, State commission, or gas...


(a) Cost of property The Commission may investigate and ascertain the actual legitimate cost of the property of every natural-gas company, the depreciation therein, and,...


(a) Extension or improvement of facilities on order of court; notice and hearing Whenever the Commission, after notice and opportunity for hearing, finds such action...


(a) Rules and regulations for keeping and preserving accounts, records, etc. Every natural-gas company shall make, keep, and preserve for such periods, such accounts,...


(a) Depreciation and amortization The Commission may, after hearing, require natural-gas companies to carry proper and adequate depreciation and amortization accounts ...


(a) Form and contents of reports Every natural-gas company shall file with the Commission such annual and other periodic or special reports as the Commission may by rules...


(a) Assembly of pertinent information; report to Congress In case two or more States propose to the Congress compacts dealing with the conservation, production, transportation, or ...


It shall be unlawful for any officer or director of any natural-gas company to receive for his own benefit, directly or indirectly, any money or thing of value in respect to the ...


Any State, municipality, or State commission complaining of anything done or omitted to be done by any natural-gas company in contravention of the provisions of this chapter may...


(a) Power of Commission The Commission may investigate any facts, conditions, practices, or matters which it may find necessary or proper in order to determine whether any...


(a) Hearings; parties Hearings under this chapter may be held before the Commission, any member or members thereof, or any representative of the Commission designated by it,...


The Commission shall have power to perform any and all acts, and to prescribe, issue, make, amend, and rescind such orders, rules, and regulations as it may find necessary...


(a) Reference of matters to joint boards; composition and power The Commission may refer any matter arising in the administration of this chapter to a board to be composed of a...


The Commission is authorized to appoint and fix the compensation of such officers, attorneys, examiners, and experts as may be necessary for carrying out its functions under...


(a) Application for rehearing; time Any person, State, municipality, or State commission aggrieved by an order issued by the Commission in a proceeding under this chapter to...


(a) Action in district court for injunction Whenever it shall appear to the Commission that any person is engaged or about to engage in any acts or practices which constitute...


(a) Any person who willfully and knowingly does or causes or suffers to be done any act, matter, or thing in this chapter prohibited or declared to be unlawful, or who willfully and ...


The District Courts of the United States and the United States courts of any Territory or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States shall have...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance, shall be held invalid, the remainder of the chapter, and the application of...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Natural Gas Act.'' ...


(a) Determination of entitlement (1) For purposes of determining the natural gas entitlement of any local distribution company under any curtailment plan, if the ...


(a) Transfer of contractual interests (1) In order to facilitate voluntary conversion of facilities from the use of natural gas to the use of heavy petroleum fuel oil, ...


(a) Presidential declaration The President may declare a natural gas supply emergency (or extend a previously declared emergency) if he finds that - (1) a severe natural...


The Congress finds and declares that - (1) a natural gas supply shortage exists in the contiguous States of the United States; (2) large reserves of natural gas in...


The purpose of this chapter is to provide the means for making a sound decision as to the selection of a transportation system for delivery of Alaska natural gas to the...


As used in this chapter: (1) the term ''Alaska natural gas'' means natural gas derived from the area of the State of Alaska generally known as the North Slope of...


(a) Proceedings: suspension, vacation or removal of suspension; issuance of certificate of convenience and necessity (1) Notwithstanding any provision of the Natural Gas Act...


(a) Federal officer or agency comments; submittal to President; public availability Not later than July 1, 1977, any Federal officer or agency may submit written comments...


(a) Dateline for decision; transmission to Congress, delay: notice to Congress; contents of decision; chairman, appointment; Federal inspector of construction:...


(a) Effectiveness of decision designating transportation system for approval upon enactment of joint resolution Any decision under section 719e(a) of this title or subsection ...


(a) Earliest practicable date for issuance or grant of authorizations To the extent that the taking of any action which is necessary or related to the construction and...


(a) Exclusiveness of remedy Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the actions of Federal officers or agencies taken pursuant to section 719g of this title, shall not...


(a) Compliance order or civil action In addition to remedies available under other applicable provisions of law, whenever any Federal officer or agency determines that any...


Any exports of Alaska natural gas shall be subject to the requirements of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717 et seq.) and section 103 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act...


(a) Ownership in transportation system There shall be included in the terms of any certificate, permit, right-of-way, lease, or other authorization issued or granted pursuant...


Nothing in this chapter, and no action taken hereunder, shall imply or effect an amendment to, or exemption from, any provision of the antitrust laws. ...


There is hereby authorized to be appropriated beginning in fiscal year 1978 and each fiscal year thereafter, such sums as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application thereof, is held invalid, the remainder of this chapter shall not be affected thereby. ...


All Federal officers and agencies shall take such affirmative action as is necessary to assure that no person shall, on the grounds of race, creed, color, national origin, or sex,...


...


...


...


...


(a) Objectives The Congress hereby declares that the general welfare and the common defense and security require positive and effective action to conserve scarce energy...


There is hereby established an independent agency in the executive branch to be known as the Federal Energy Administration (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the ...


...


(a) Limitation on discretionary powers Subject to the provisions and procedures set forth in this chapter, the Administrator shall be responsible for such actions as are taken...


(a) Functions of Secretary and Department of the Interior There are hereby transferred to and vested in the Administrator all functions of the Secretary of the Interior,...


(a) Rules, regulations, and procedures; Environmental Protection Agency, notification; quality of environment, publication of comments; emergency preclusion of review...


(a) Continuance of effective status All orders, determinations, rules, regulations, permits, contracts, certificates, licenses, and privileges - (1) which have been...


...


As used in this chapter - (1) any reference to ''function'' or ''functions'' shall be deemed to include references to duty, obligation, power, authority,...


(a) Interim funds Funds available to any department or agency (or any official or component thereof), and lawfully authorized for any of the specific functions which...


(a) Scope of activities; monitoring activity; data to Comptroller General from Administration; reports and recommendations to Congress For the duration of this...


(a) Comprehensive and particular energy information; categorical groupings; monitoring activity and policy guidance The Administrator shall collect, assemble, evaluate,...


(a) Analyses, data, information, reports, and summaries; objectives of disclosure The Administrator shall make public, on a continuing basis, any statistical and...


(a) Administrator's initial submittal to President and Congress Not later than one year after the effective date of this chapter, the Administrator shall submit a report to...


No individual shall on the grounds of sex be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity carried on or ...


...


(a) Scope of analysis In carrying out the provisions of this chapter, the Administrator shall, to the greatest extent practicable, insure that the potential economic impacts...


The Administrator may, for a period not to exceed thirty days in any one calendar year, provide for the exercise or performance of a management oversight review with respect to...


(a) Report to Congress and State governments: organization of Administration; report to the public, Congress and State governments; scope of nontechnical report; comments...


(a) Establishment; director; statement of purpose The Administrator shall establish and maintain an Office of Private Grievances and Redress, headed by a director, to receive ...


(a) Report to President and Congress; analytical justification; scope of analysis Pursuant and subject to the provisions and procedures set forth in this chapter,...


(a) Scope of report Within ninety days after he has entered upon the office of Administrator or has been designated by the President to act in such office, the Administrator,...


Within ninety days of the effective date of this chapter, the Administrator of the Federal Energy Administration, in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior and the...


(a) File concerning export transactions, sales, exchanges or shipments: establishment and maintenance; scope of information The Administrator is authorized and directed...


The Administrator shall conduct a comprehensive review of foreign ownership of, influence on, and control of domestic energy sources and supplies. Such review shall draw...


...


The Administrator of the Federal Energy Administration shall - (1) submit to the Congress, not later than September 1, 1976, full and complete structural and...


(a) General notice of proposed rulemaking If any proposed rule by the Administrator contains any commercial standards, or specifically authorizes or requires the use of any ...


...


(a) Director; appointment; qualifications (1) There is established within the Federal Energy Administration an Office of Energy Information and Analysis (hereinafter in this ...


(a) It shall be the duty of the Director to establish a National Energy Information System (hereinafter referred to in this chapter as the ''System''), which shall be operated...


(a) Compensation of Director The Director of the Office shall receive compensation at the rate now or hereafter prescribed for offices and positions at level IV of the...


(a) The Director shall establish and maintain the scientific, engineering, statistical, or other technical capability to perform analysis of energy information to - (1)...


...


(a) Review In carrying out the purposes of this chapter the Director shall, as he deems appropriate, review the energy information gathering activities of Federal agencies with...


(a) Access by Director to energy information in possession of other Federal agencies; limitations In furtherance and not in limitation of any other authority, the Director,...


The Director shall promptly provide upon request any energy information in the possession of the Office to any duly established committee of the Congress. Such information shall...


The purposes of this chapter are (1) to provide for a means to assist in meeting the essential needs of the United States for fuels, in a manner which is consistent, to the...


(a) Powerplant and fuel burning installations The Federal Energy Administrator - (1) shall, by order, prohibit any powerplant, and (2) may, by order, prohibit any...


(a) Distribution of low sulfur fuel Any allocation program provided for in section 792 of this title or in the Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act of 1973 (15 U.S.C. 751 et...


(a) Study of conservation methods The Federal Energy Administrator shall conduct a study on potential methods of energy conservation and, not later than six months after June...


The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall report to Congress not later than January 31, 1975, on the implementation of sections 3 through 7 of the Energy...


(a) Authority of Federal Energy Administrator to request, acquire, and collect energy information; rules and regulations For the purpose of assuring that the Federal Energy ...


(a) Violations It shall be unlawful for any person to violate any provision of section 792 of this title (relating to coal conversion and allocation) or section 796 of this...


(a) For purposes of this chapter and the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) the term ''Federal Energy Administrator'' means the Administrator of the Federal Energy...


...


...


...


Every film or other pictorial representation of any prize fight or encounter of pugilists, under whatever name, transported into any State, Territory, or possession, for use,...


Tolls may be charged for the passage or transit over the Golden Gate Bridge of Government traffic, of military or naval personnel and their dependents, and of civilian employees...


(a) The use of the Golden Gate Bridge free of toll, provided for in section 1002 of this title, shall be granted upon the presentation and surrender at the toll lanes of...


Whoever secures or attempts to secure the exemption from toll provided for in sections 1002 to 1004 of this title or an authorization referred to in section 1003 of this...


Tolls may be charged for the passage or transit over the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge of Government traffic, or military, naval, or civilian personnel and their dependents, and...


(a) The use of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge free of toll, provided for in section 1005 of this title, shall be granted upon the presentation and surrender at the toll lanes...


Whoever secures or attempts to secure the exemption from toll provided for in sections 1005 to 1007 of this title or an authorization referred to in section 1006 of this...


Congress hereby declares that the continued regulation and taxation by the several States of the business of insurance is in the public interest, and that silence on the part of...


(a) State regulation The business of insurance, and every person engaged therein, shall be subject to the laws of the several States which relate to the regulation or taxation...


(a) Until June 30, 1948, the Act of July 2, 1890, as amended, known as the Sherman Act, and the Act of October 15, 1914, as amended, known as the Clayton Act, and the Act of...


Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to affect in any manner the application to the business of insurance of the Act of July 5, 1935, as amended, known as the...


As used in this chapter, the term ''State'' includes the several States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the District of Columbia. ...


(a) Generally The Congress declares that it is the continuing policy and responsibility of the Federal Government to use all practicable means, consistent with its needs...


(a) Time of submission; contents The President shall annually transmit to the Congress not later than 10 days after the submission of the budget under section 1105(a) of title...


(a) Incorporation of necessary programs and policies In each Economic Report after October 27, 1978, the President shall incorporate (as part of the five-year numerical goals in...


(a) Analysis of goals To aid in determining the short-term and medium-term goals for employment, production, real income, and prices, analysis shall be presented in the...


To contribute to the achievement of the goals under the Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act of 1978 (15 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.), the President's Budget for each fiscal year...


(a) Recommendations The President's Budget shall recommend levels of outlays and receipts which shall be consistent with the short-term economic goals of section 1022(a)(2)(A)...


(a) Methods and requirements for achieving price stability The Congress determines that the objective of achieving reasonable price stability as soon as feasible, as set forth in ...


(a) Establishment An advisory board or boards (including regional advisory boards) may be established as the President deems appropriate, to advise and consult periodically...


(a) Creation; composition; qualifications; selection of chairman and vice chairman There is created in the Executive Office of the President a Council of Economic...


(a) Composition There is established a Joint Economic Committee, to be composed of ten Members of the Senate, to be appointed by the President of the Senate, and ten Members...


The Joint Economic Committee is authorized to issue a monthly publication entitled ''Economic Indicators'', and a sufficient quantity shall be printed to furnish one copy to...


...


(a) Application for use of trademark (1) The owner of a trademark used in commerce may request registration of its trademark on the principal register hereby established by...


No trademark by which the goods of the applicant may be distinguished from the goods of others shall be refused registration on the principal register on account of its nature ...


Subject to the provisions relating to the registration of trademarks, so far as they are applicable, service marks shall be registrable, in the same manner and with the same effect...


Subject to the provisions relating to the registration of trademarks, so far as they are applicable, collective and certification marks, including indications of regional origin, ...


Where a registered mark or a mark sought to be registered is or may be used legitimately by related companies, such use shall inure to the benefit of the registrant or applicant...


(a) Compulsory and voluntary disclaimers The Director may require the applicant to disclaim an unregistrable component of a mark otherwise registrable. An applicant...


(a) Issuance and form Certificates of registration of marks registered upon the principal register shall be issued in the name of the United States of America, under the seal...


(a) In general Each registration shall remain in force for 10 years, except that the registration of any mark shall be canceled by the Director for failure to comply with...


(a) Period of renewal; time for renewal Subject to the provisions of section 1058 of this title, each registration may be renewed for periods of 10 years at the end of ...


(a) A registered mark or a mark for which an application to register has been filed shall be assignable with the good will of the business in which the mark is used, or with that...


Acknowledgments and verifications required under this chapter may be made before any person within the United States authorized by law to administer oaths, or, when made in a...


(a) Examination and publication Upon the filing of an application for registration and payment of the prescribed fee, the Director shall refer the application to the examiner...


(a) Any person who believes that he would be damaged by the registration of a mark upon the principal register, including as a result of dilution under section 1125(c) of this...


A petition to cancel a registration of a mark, stating the grounds relied upon, may, upon payment of the prescribed fee, be filed as follows by any person who believes that he is...


Except on a ground for which application to cancel may be filed at any time under paragraphs (3) and (5) of section 1064 of this title, and except to the extent, if any, to which...


Upon petition showing extraordinary circumstances, the Director may declare that an interference exists when application is made for the registration of a mark which so resembles...


(a) In every case of interference, opposition to registration, application to register as a lawful concurrent user, or application to cancel the registration of a mark, the...


In such proceedings the Director may refuse to register the opposed mark, may cancel the registration, in whole or in part, may modify the application or registration by limiting...


In all inter partes proceedings equitable principles of laches, estoppel, and acquiescence, where applicable may be considered and applied. ...


An appeal may be taken to the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board from any final decision of the examiner in charge of the registration of marks upon the payment of the prescribed fee. ...


(a) Persons entitled to appeal; United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit; waiver of civil action; election of civil action by adverse party; procedure (1)...


Registration of a mark on the principal register provided by this chapter or under the Act of March 3, 1881, or the Act of February 20, 1905, shall be constructive notice of...


(a) Marks registerable In addition to the principal register, the Director shall keep a continuation of the register provided in paragraph (b) of section 1 of the Act of March...


Marks for the supplemental register shall not be published for or be subject to opposition, but shall be published on registration in the Official Gazette of the Patent and...


The certificates of registration for marks registered on the supplemental register shall be conspicuously different from certificates issued for marks registered on the...


The provisions of this chapter shall govern so far as applicable applications for registration and registrations on the supplemental register as well as those on the...


Registration of a mark on the supplemental register, or under the Act of March 19, 1920, shall not preclude registration by the registrant on the principal register established...


Registration on the supplemental register or under the Act of March 19, 1920, shall not be filed in the Department of the Treasury or be used to stop importations. ...


Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1072 of this title, a registrant of a mark registered in the Patent and Trademark Office, may give notice that his mark is registered...


The Director may establish a classification of goods and services, for convenience of Patent and Trademark Office administration, but not to limit or extend the applicant's or ...


(a) Applications; services; materials The Director shall establish fees for the filing and processing of an application for the registration of a trademark or other mark and...


(1) Any person who shall, without the consent of the registrant - (a) use in commerce any reproduction, counterfeit, copy, or colorable imitation of a registered mark...


(a) Evidentiary value; defenses Any registration issued under the Act of March 3, 1881, or the Act of February 20, 1905, or of a mark registered on the principal register...


(a) Jurisdiction; service The several courts vested with jurisdiction of civil actions arising under this chapter shall have power to grant injunctions, according to...


(a) Profits; damages and costs; attorney fees When a violation of any right of the registrant of a mark registered in the Patent and Trademark Office, a violation under ...


In any action arising under this chapter, in which a violation of any right of the registrant of a mark registered in the Patent and Trademark Office, a violation under...


In any action involving a registered mark the court may determine the right to registration, order the cancelation of registrations, in whole or in part, restore...


Any person who shall procure registration in the Patent and Trademark Office of a mark by a false or fraudulent declaration or representation, oral or in writing, or by any...


(a) The district and territorial courts of the United States shall have original jurisdiction and the courts of appeal of the United States (other than the United States Court...


...


(a) Waiver of sovereign immunity by the United States The United States, all agencies and instrumentalities thereof, and all individuals, firms, corporations, other persons...


The Director shall make rules and regulations, not inconsistent with law, for the conduct of proceedings in the Patent and Trademark Office under this chapter. ...


Except as provided in subsection (d) of section 1526 of title 19, no article of imported merchandise which shall copy or simulate the name of any domestic manufacture,...


(a) Civil action (1) Any person who, on or in connection with any goods or services, or any container for goods, uses in commerce any word, term, name, symbol, or device, or...


(a) Register of marks communicated by international bureaus The Director shall keep a register of all marks communicated to him by the international bureaus provided for by...


In the construction of this chapter, unless the contrary is plainly apparent from the context - The United States includes and embraces all territory which is under...


(a) Establishment There is established the National Intellectual Property Law Enforcement Coordination Council (in this section referred to as the ''Council''). The Council...


(1) In general (A) Civil liability Any person who registers a domain name that consists of the name of another living person, or a name substantially and ...


The purpose of this chapter is to make the results of technological research and development more readily available to industry and business, and to the general public, by...


The Secretary of Commerce (hereinafter referred to as the ''Secretary'') is directed to establish and maintain within the Department of Commerce a clearinghouse for the...


The Secretary is authorized to make, amend, and rescind such orders, rules, and regulations as he may deem necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter, and to...


...


The Secretary is directed to refer to the armed services all scientific or technical information, coming to his attention, which he deems to have an immediate or potential...


Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Secretary shall respect and preserve the security classification of any scientific or technical information, data,...


(a) Available assistance The Secretary may utilize any personnel, facilities, bureaus, agencies, boards, administrations, offices, or other instrumentalities of the Department...


Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to repeal or amend any other legislation pertaining to the Department of Commerce or its component offices or bureaus. ...


As used in this chapter - (a) The term ''gambling device'' means - (1) any so-called ''slot machine'' or any other machine or mechanical device an essential part of...


(a) General rule It shall be unlawful knowingly to transport any gambling device to any place in a State or a possession of the United States from any place outside of such...


(a) Activities requiring registration; contents of registration statement (1) It shall be unlawful for any person engaged in the business of manufacturing gambling devices,...


All gambling devices, and all packages containing any such, when shipped or transported shall be plainly and clearly labeled or marked so that the name and address of the shipper...


(a) General rule It shall be unlawful to manufacture, recondition, repair, sell, transport, possess, or use any gambling device in the District of Columbia, in any possession...


Whoever violates any of the provisions of sections 1172, 1173, 1174, or 1175 of this title shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. ...


Any gambling device transported, delivered, shipped, manufactured, reconditioned, repaired, sold, disposed of, received, possessed, or used in violation of the provisions of...


None of the provisions of this chapter shall be construed to apply - (1) to any machine or mechanical device designed and manufactured primarily for use at a racetrack...


As used in this chapter - (a) The term ''person'' means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, or any other form of business enterprise. (b) The...


(a) Nonconforming products The manufacture for sale, the sale, or the offering for sale, in commerce, or the importation into the United States, or the introduction, delivery...


(a) Proceedings by Commission for determination Whenever the Consumer Product Safety Commission finds on the basis of the investigations or research conducted pursuant to ...


(a) Enforcement under Federal Trade Commission Act provisions; civil action to enforce standard or regulation Except as otherwise specifically provided herein, sections 1192, ...


(a) Temporary injunction; venue Whenever the Commission has reason to believe that any person is violating or is about to violate section 1192 of this title, or a rule...


Any person who willfully violates section 1192 or 1197(b) of this title, or who fails to comply with section 1202(c) of this title, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and...


(a) Defense to prosecution No person shall be subject to prosecution under section 1196 of this title for a violation of section 1192 of this title if such person (1)...


An imported product, fabric, or related material to which flammability standards under this chapter are applicable shall not be delivered from customs custody except as provided...


The provisions of this chapter shall be held to be in addition to, and not in substitution for or limitation of, the provisions of any other law. If any provision of this chapter...


The provisions of this chapter shall not apply (a) to any common carrier, contract carrier, or freight forwarder in transporting a product, fabric, or related material shipped...


(a) The Consumer Product Safety Commission shall conduct a continuing study and investigation of the deaths, injuries, and economic losses resulting from accidental burning...


(a) Exports; risk of injury to residents of United States This chapter shall not apply to any fabric, related material, or product which is to be exported from the United States,...


(a) Standards or regulations designed to protect against same risk as State standards or regulations; identical State standards Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c)...


(a) Transmission to Congress The Consumer Product Safety Commission shall transmit to the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives a copy of...


It shall be unlawful for any person to introduce or deliver for introduction into interstate commerce any household refrigerator manufactured on or after the date this section...


Any person who violates section 1211 of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to imprisonment for not more than one year, or...


The Consumer Product Safety Commission shall prescribe and publish in the Federal Register commercial standards for devices which, when used in or on household refrigerators,...


As used in this chapter, the term ''interstate commerce'' includes commerce between one State, Territory, possession, the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico...


As used in this chapter - (a) The term ''automobile manufacturer'' shall mean any person, partnership, corporation, association, or other form of business enterprise engaged...


An automobile dealer may bring suit against any automobile manufacturer engaged in commerce, in any district court of the United States in the district in which said...


Any action brought pursuant to this chapter shall be forever barred unless commenced within three years after the cause of action shall have accrued. ...


No provision of this chapter shall repeal, modify, or supersede, directly or indirectly, any provision of the antitrust laws of the United States. ...


This chapter shall not invalidate any provision of the laws of any State except insofar as there is a direct conflict between an express provision of this chapter and an...


For purposes of this chapter - (a) The term ''manufacturer'' shall mean any person engaged in the manufacturing or assembling of new automobiles, including any person...


Every manufacturer of new automobiles distributed in commerce shall, prior to the delivery of any new automobile to any dealer, or at or prior to the introduction date of new...


...


(a) Failure to affix required label Any manufacturer of automobiles distributed in commerce who willfully fails to affix to any new automobile manufactured or imported by him...


As used in this chapter - (a) The term ''interstate commerce'' means commerce between any State, Territory, possession of the United States, or the District of Columbia, and...


Whoever knowingly introduces, or manufactures for introduction, into interstate commerce, or transports or distributes in interstate commerce, any switchblade knife, shall be...


Whoever, within any Territory or possession of the United States, within Indian country (as defined in section 1151 of title 18), or within the special maritime and...


Sections 1242 and 1243 of this title shall not apply to - (1) any common carrier or contract carrier, with respect to any switchblade knife shipped, transported, or...


(a) Prohibition and penalties for possession, manufacture, sale, or importation Whoever in or affecting interstate commerce, within any Territory or possession of the...


For the purposes of this chapter - (a) The term ''territory'' means any territory or possession of the United States, including the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth...


(a) Declaration of hazardous substances by regulation; review (1) Whenever in the judgment of the Commission such action will promote the objectives of this chapter by avoiding...


The following acts and the causing thereof are prohibited: (a) The introduction or delivery for introduction into interstate commerce of any misbranded hazardous substance or...


(a) Criminal penalties Any person who violates any of the provisions of section 1263 of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall on conviction thereof be subject to...


(a) Grounds and jurisdiction Any misbranded hazardous substance or banned hazardous substance when introduced into or while in interstate commerce or while held for sale...


Before any violation of this chapter is reported by the Commission to any United States attorney for institution of a criminal proceeding, the person against whom such proceeding is ...


(a) Jurisdiction The United States district courts and the United States courts of the territories shall have jurisdiction, for cause shown and subject to the provisions of...


All criminal proceedings and all libel or injunction proceedings for the enforcement, or to restrain violations, of this chapter shall be by and in the name of the United...


(a) Authority The authority to promulgate regulations for the efficient enforcement of this chapter, except as otherwise provided in this section, is vested in the Commission. ...


(a) Authority to conduct The Commission is authorized to conduct examinations, inspections, and investigations for the purposes of this chapter through officers and employees...


For the purpose of enforcing the provisions of this chapter, carriers engaged in interstate commerce, and persons receiving hazardous substances in interstate commerce or...


(a) Summaries of judgments, decrees, orders The Commission may cause to be published from time to time reports summarizing any judgments, decrees, or court orders which have...


(a) Delivery of samples to Commission; examination; refusal of admission The Secretary of the Treasury shall deliver to the Commission, upon its request, samples of...


(a) Notice to protect public; form and contents If any article or substance sold in commerce is defined as a banned hazardous substance (whether or not it was such at the time ...


(a) Establishment; functions; review and recommendations (1) Within 180 days after November 10, 1978, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (hereinafter in this section referred...


(a) Transmission to Congress The Consumer Product Safety Commission shall transmit to the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives a copy of...


(a) Regulation status of standard D-4236 of American Society for Testing and Materials On and after the last day of the 2-year period beginning on November 18, 1988,...


(a) Toys or games for children who are at least 3 (1) Requirement The packaging of any toy or game intended for use by children who are at least 3 years old but not...


...


The antitrust laws, as defined in section 1 of the Act of October 15, 1914, as amended (38 Stat. 730) (15 U.S.C. 12), or in the Federal Trade Commission Act, as amended (38 Stat....


Section 1291 of this title shall not apply to any joint agreement described in the first sentence in such section which prohibits any person to whom such rights are sold...


The first sentence of section 1291 of this title shall not apply to any joint agreement described in such section which permits the telecasting of all or a substantial part of...


Nothing contained in this chapter shall be deemed to change, determine, or otherwise affect the applicability or nonapplicability of the antitrust laws to any act, contract, ...


As used in this chapter, ''persons'' means any individual, partnership, corporation, or unincorporated association or any combination or association thereof. ...


...


For the purposes of this chapter - (a) The term ''antitrust law'' includes: (1) Each provision of law defined as one of the antitrust laws by section 12 of...


(a) Issuance; service; production of material; testimony Whenever the Attorney General, or the Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Antitrust Division of the Department...


(a) Designation The Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice shall designate an antitrust investigator to serve as custodian...


(a) Petition for enforcement; venue Whenever any person fails to comply with any civil investigative demand duly served upon him under section 1312 of this title or ...


...


It is the policy of the Congress, and the purpose of this chapter, to establish a comprehensive Federal Program to deal with cigarette labeling and advertising with respect to...


As used in this chapter - (1) The term ''cigarette'' means - (A) any roll of tobacco wrapped in paper or in any substance not containing tobacco, and ...


(a) Required warnings; packages; advertisements; billboards (1) It shall be unlawful for any person to manufacture, package, or import for sale or distribution within the...


(a) Additional statements No statement relating to smoking and health, other than the statement required by section 1333 of this title, shall be required on any...


After January 1, 1971, it shall be unlawful to advertise cigarettes and little cigars on any medium of electronic communication subject to the jurisdiction of the Federal ...


(a) Each person who manufactures, packages, or imports cigarettes shall annually provide the Secretary with a list of the ingredients added to tobacco in the manufacture of...


Nothing in this chapter (other than the requirements of section 1333 of this title) shall be construed to limit, restrict, expand, or otherwise affect the authority of the...


...


Any person who violates the provisions of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall on conviction thereof be subject to a fine of not more than $10,000. ...


The several district courts of the United States are invested with jurisdiction, for cause shown, to prevent and restrain violations of this chapter upon the application of...


Packages of cigarettes manufactured, imported, or packaged (1) for export from the United States or (2) for delivery to a vessel or aircraft, as supplies, for consumption beyond...


(a) Establishment of program; Secretary; functions The Secretary of Health and Human Services (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ''Secretary'') shall establish and...


Congress finds that wider diffusion and more effective application of science and technology in business, commerce, and industry are essential to the growth of the economy, to...


For the purposes of this chapter - (a) ''Technical services'' means activities or programs designed to enable businesses, commerce, and industrial establishments to acquire...


The Governor of any State which wishes to receive Federal payments under this chapter in support of its existing or planned technical services program shall designate,...


The designated agency shall prepare and submit to the Secretary in accordance with such regulations as he may publish - (a) A five-year plan which may be revised annually...


The Secretary shall not accept the five-year plan of a State for review and approval under this chapter unless the Governor of the State or his designee determines and certifies...


The Secretary shall review the five-year plan and each annual program submitted by a designated agency under section 1354 or 1357 of this title, and shall approve only those which...


Two or more States may cooperate in administering and coordinating their plans and programs supported under this chapter, in which event all or part of the sums authorized and...


(a) The consent of the Congress is given to any two or more States to enter into agreement or compacts, not in conflict with any law of the United States, for cooperative efforts...


Each designated agency shall appoint an advisory council for technical services, the members of which shall represent broad community interests and shall be qualified to...


(a) Authorization of appropriations There are authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of this chapter, $10,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1966; $20,000,000...


The Secretary is authorized and directed to aid designated agencies in carrying out their technical services programs by providing reference services which a designated agency may...


The Secretary is authorized to establish such policies, standards, criteria, and procedures and to prescribe such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary or appropriate...


(a) Control of educational institutions Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed as authorizing a department, agency, officer, or employee of the United States...


(a) Agency reports Each designated agency shall make an annual report to the Secretary on or before the first day of September of each year on the work accomplished under...


Within three years from September 14, 1965, the Secretary shall appoint a public committee, none of the members of which shall have been directly concerned with the preparation...


Whenever the Secretary, after reasonable notice and opportunity for hearing to any designated agency or participating institution receiving funds under this chapter finds that - ...


Upon notice by the Secretary to any designated agency or participating institution that no further payments will be made pending substantial compliance, correction, or...


(a) Grant recipients Each recipient of a grant under this chapter shall keep such records as the Secretary shall prescribe, including records which fully disclose the amount...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


Informed consumers are essential to the fair and efficient functioning of a free market economy. Packages and their labels should enable consumers to obtain accurate information...


(a) Nonconforming labels It shall be unlawful for any person engaged in the packaging or labeling of any consumer commodity (as defined in this chapter) for distribution...


(a) Contents of label No person subject to the prohibition contained in section 1452 of this title shall distribute or cause to be distributed in commerce any packaged...


(a) Promulgating authority The authority to promulgate regulations under this chapter is vested in (A) the Secretary of Health and Human Services (referred to hereinafter as...


(a) Hearings by Secretary of Health and Human Services Regulations promulgated by the Secretary under section 1453 or 1454 of this title shall be promulgated, and shall be subject...


(a) Misbranded consumer commodities Any consumer commodity which is a food, drug, device, or cosmetic, as each such term is defined by section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug,...


...


(a) A copy of each regulation promulgated under this chapter shall be transmitted promptly to the Secretary of Commerce, who shall (1) transmit copies thereof to all appropriate...


For the purpose of this chapter - (a) The term ''consumer commodity'', except as otherwise specifically provided by this subsection, means any food, drug, device, or...


Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to repeal, invalidate, or supersede - (a) the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq.) or any statute...


It is hereby declared that it is the express intent of Congress to supersede any and all laws of the States or political subdivisions thereof insofar as they may now or...


For the purpose of this Act - (1) The term ''Commission'' means the Consumer Product Safety Commission. (2) The term ''household substance'' means any substance which is ...


(a) Establishment The Commission, (FOOTNOTE 1) may establish in accordance with the provisions of this Act, by regulation, standards for the special packaging of any...


(a) Noncomplying packages for elderly or handicapped persons; labeling statements For the purpose of making any household substance which is subject to a standard...


(a) Rule making procedure; election and application of procedure under section 371 of title 21; publication of election and proposal Proceedings to issue, amend, or...


...


(a) Exception for identical State standards Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c) of this section, whenever a standard established by the Commission under this Act ...


There shall be at the seat of government an executive department to be known as the Department of Commerce, and a Secretary of Commerce, who shall be the head thereof, who shall...


...


There shall be in the Department of Commerce an Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs who shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of...


There shall be in the Department of Commerce an Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere who shall serve as the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric ...


...


There shall be in the Department of Commerce one additional Assistant Secretary of Commerce, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the...


There shall be on and after July 2, 1954 in the Department of Commerce, in addition to the Assistant Secretaries now provided for by law, one additional Assistant Secretary...


There shall be in the Department of Commerce, in addition to the Assistant Secretaries now provided by law, one additional Assistant Secretary of Commerce who shall be appointed...


...


There shall be in the Department of Commerce, in addition to the Assistant Secretaries provided by law as of November 12, 1977, one additional Assistant Secretary of Commerce...


There shall be in the Department of Commerce, in addition to the Assistant Secretaries of Commerce provided by law before November 14, 1986, one additional Assistant Secretary...


There shall be in the Department of Commerce a General Counsel, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. ...


The Secretary may designate an officer of the Department to sign minor routine official papers and documents during the temporary absence of the Secretary, the Under Secretary,...


There shall also be such clerical assistants as may from time to time be authorized by the Congress. ...


The following named bureaus, administrations, services, offices, and programs of the public service, and all that pertains thereto, shall be under the jurisdiction and subject to...


...


(a) Appointment For purposes of carrying out export promotion and other fishery development responsibilities, the Secretary of Commerce (hereinafter in this section referred to...


(a) Establishment The Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ''Administrator'') shall...


(a) Establishment (1) The Secretary of Commerce shall establish, within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, an office to be known as the Chesapeake Bay...


(a) Establishment There is established within the Department of Commerce an Office of Space Commercialization (referred to in this section as the ''Office''). (b) Director ...


It shall be the province and duty of said Department to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce, the mining, manufacturing, and fishery industries of the...


All duties performed and all power and authority possessed or exercised by the head of any executive department in and over any bureau, office, officer, board, branch, or division...


Appropriations are authorized for the following activities of the Department of Commerce: (a) furnishing to employees of the Department of Commerce and other...


The official records and papers on file in and pertaining exclusively to the business of any bureau, office, department, or branch of the public service transferred to the...


The Secretary of Commerce shall have control of the work of gathering and distributing statistical information naturally relating to the subjects confided to his department; and...


The Department of Commerce, the Department of Labor, the Department of Health and Human Services, and the Department of Agriculture shall each collect, and publish...


The President is authorized, by order in writing, to transfer at any time the whole or any part of any office, bureau, division, or other branch of the public service engaged...


The Secretary of Commerce shall have charge, in the buildings or premises occupied by or appropriated to the Department of Commerce, of the library, furniture, fixtures, records,...


The Secretary of Commerce shall annually, at the close of each fiscal year, make a report in writing to Congress, giving an account of all moneys received and disbursed by him...


...


...


There is established a working capital fund of $100,000, without fiscal year limitation, for the payment of salaries and other expenses necessary to the maintenance and operation...


The Secretary of Commerce is hereby authorized to accept, hold, administer, and utilize gifts and bequests of property, both real and personal, for the purpose of aiding...


For the purpose of Federal income, estate, and gift taxes, property accepted under section 1522 of this title shall be considered as a gift or bequest to or for the use of the...


Upon the request of the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of the Treasury may invest and reinvest in securities of the United States or in securities guaranteed as to principal...


The Secretary of Commerce is authorized, upon the request of any person, firm, organization, or others, public or private, to make special studies on matters within the authority...


All payments for work or services performed or to be performed under this Act shall be deposited in a separate account or accounts which may be used to pay directly the costs of...


Except as to those laws expressly repealed herein, nothing in this Act shall alter, amend, modify, or repeal any existing law prescribing fees or charges or authorizing...


There is hereby established the Economics and Statistics Administration Revolving Fund which shall be available without fiscal year limitation. For initial capitalization, there is ...


...


Notwithstanding any other law, the Secretary of Commerce, whenever the Secretary considers it desirable, may relinquish to a State, or to a Commonwealth, territory, or possession...


The Administration may not award any contract for the performance of any ''commercial activity'', as defined by paragraph 6.a. of the Office of Management and Budget...


In order to maintain overseas program activity for the Department of Commerce provided for each fiscal year at the appropriated program levels, the Secretary may establish...


The Secretary of Commerce is authorized to - (1) conduct research on all of the telecommunications sciences, including wave propagation and reception, the conditions which ...


There is established within the Department of Commerce a Commerce, Science, and Technology Fellowship Program with the stated purpose of providing a select group of employees of the ...


(a) Basis of assessment Except as otherwise provided in this section, the Secretary is authorized to assess fees, based on fair market value, for access to environmental data...


Commencing in fiscal year 1992, and every fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary of Commerce shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate...


If it has been finally determined by a court or a Federal agency that any person intentionally affixed a label bearing a ''Made in America'' inscription, or an inscription with...


(1) Not later than 12 months after October 29, 1992, and at least biennially thereafter, the Secretary of Commerce shall complete an assessment of the adequacy of the...


(a) In general The Secretary of Commerce shall provide notice to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and to...


(a) Processing of applications Within 12 months after October 29, 1992, the Secretary of Commerce shall develop and, after notice and opportunity for public comment,...


The Secretary of Commerce, acting through the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, may enter into cooperative agreements and other financial agreements with...


Notwithstanding section 559 of title 5, with respect to any marine resource conservation law or regulation administered by the Secretary of Commerce acting through the...


(a) Informed use of credit The Congress finds that economic stabilization would be enhanced and the competition among the various financial institutions and other firms engaged...


(a) The definitions and rules of construction set forth in this section are applicable for the purposes of this subchapter. (b) The term ''Board'' refers to the Board of...


This subchapter does not apply to the following: (1) Credit transactions involving extensions of credit primarily for business, commercial, or agricultural purposes, or ...


(a) Promulgation, contents, etc., of regulations The Board shall prescribe regulations to carry out the purposes of this subchapter. Except in the case of a mortgage referred to ...


(a) ''Finance charge'' defined Except as otherwise provided in this section, the amount of the finance charge in connection with any consumer credit transaction shall...


(a) ''Annual percentage rate'' defined The annual percentage rate applicable to any extension of consumer credit shall be determined, in accordance with the regulations of...


(a) Enforcing agencies Compliance with the requirements imposed under this subchapter shall be enforced under (1) section 8 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. ...


In the exercise of its functions under this subchapter, the Board may obtain upon requests the views of any other Federal agency which, in the judgment of the Board,...


...


(a) Inconsistent provisions; procedures applicable for determination (1) Except as provided in subsection (e) of this section, this part and parts B and C of this...


Whoever willfully and knowingly (1) gives false or inaccurate information or fails to provide information which he is required to disclose under the provisions of...


(a) Consultation requirements respecting compliance of credit instruments issued to participating creditor Any department or agency of the United States which administers a ...


Each year the Board shall make a report to the Congress concerning the administration of its functions under this subchapter, including such recommendations as the Board deems ...


...


(a) Prompt refund of unearned interest required (1) In general If a consumer prepays in full the financed amount under any consumer credit transaction, the creditor...


(a) Duty of creditor or lessor respecting one or more than one obligor Subject to subsection (b) of this section, a creditor or lessor shall disclose to the person who...


(a) Information clearly and conspicuously disclosed; ''annual percentage rate'' and ''finance charge''; order of disclosures and use of different terminology ...


The Board shall by regulation exempt from the requirements of this part any class of credit transactions within any State if it determines that under the law of that State that...


If information disclosed in accordance with this part is subsequently rendered inaccurate as the result of any act, occurrence, or agreement subsequent to the delivery of...


(a) Disclosure of obligor's right to rescind Except as otherwise provided in this section, in the case of any consumer credit transaction (including opening or increasing the ...


...


(a) Required disclosures by creditor Before opening any account under an open end consumer credit plan, the creditor shall disclose to the person to whom credit is to be...


(a) Application disclosures In the case of any open end consumer credit plan which provides for any extension of credit which is secured by the consumer's principal dwelling,...


(a) Required disclosures by creditor For each consumer credit transaction other than under an open end credit plan, the creditor shall disclose each of the following items, to...


(a) Disclosures (1) Specific disclosures In addition to other disclosures required under this subchapter, for each mortgage referred to in section 1602(aa) of ...


(a) Individual or class action for damages; amount of award; factors determining amount of award Except as otherwise provided in this section, any creditor who fails to...


(a) Prerequisites Except as otherwise specifically provided in this subchapter, any civil action for a violation of this subchapter or proceeding under section 1607 of this...


No credit card shall be issued except in response to a request or application therefor. This prohibition does not apply to the issuance of a credit card in renewal of, or...


(a) Limits on liability (1) A cardholder shall be liable for the unauthorized use of a credit card only if - (A) the card is an accepted credit card; (B) the...


(a) Use, attempt or conspiracy to use card in transaction affecting interstate or foreign commerce Whoever knowingly in a transaction affecting interstate or foreign...


The exemption provided by section 1603(1) of this title does not apply to the provisions of sections 1642, 1643, and 1644 of this title, except that a card issuer and a business...


(a) Annual percentage rates The Board shall collect, publish, and disseminate to the public, on a demonstration basis in a number of standard metropolitan statistical areas to...


(a) Index requirement In the case of extensions of credit under an open end consumer credit plan which are subject to a variable rate and are secured by a consumer's...


(a) In general In addition to the disclosures required under this subchapter, for each reverse mortgage, the creditor shall, not less than 3 days prior to consummation of...


(a) Limitations on liability For any closed end consumer credit transaction that is secured by real property or a dwelling, that is subject to this subchapter, and that...


For the purposes of this part, a catalog or other multiple-page advertisement shall be considered a single advertisement if it clearly and conspicuously displays a credit terms...


No advertisement to aid, promote, or assist directly or indirectly any extension of consumer credit may state (1) that a specific periodic consumer credit amount or ...


No advertisement to aid, promote, or assist directly or indirectly the extension of consumer credit under an open end credit plan may set forth any of the specific terms of that...


(a) Exclusion of open end credit plans Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, this section applies to any advertisement to aid, promote, or assist directly...


There is no liability under this part on the part of any owner or personnel, as such, of any medium in which an advertisement appears or through which it is disseminated. ...


In responding orally to any inquiry about the cost of credit, a creditor, regardless of the method used to compute finance charges, shall state rates only in terms of the...


(a) In general If any advertisement to aid, promote, or assist, directly or indirectly, the extension of consumer credit through an open end consumer credit plan under...


(a) Written notice by obligor to creditor; time for and contents of notice; procedure upon receipt of notice by creditor If a creditor, within sixty days after having...


(a) Reports by creditor on obligor's failure to pay amount regarded as billing error After receiving a notice from an obligor as provided in section 1666(a) of this title,...


(a) Additional finance charge If an open end consumer credit plan provides a time period within which an obligor may repay any portion of the credit extended without incurring...


Payments received from an obligor under an open end consumer credit plan by the creditor shall be posted promptly to the obligor's account as specified in regulations of the...


Whenever a credit balance in excess of $1 is created in connection with a consumer credit transaction through (1) transmittal of funds to a creditor in excess of the total balance ...


With respect to any sales transaction where a credit card has been used to obtain credit, where the seller is a person other than the card issuer, and where the seller accepts...


(a) Cash discounts With respect to credit card which may be used for extensions of credit in sales transactions in which the seller is a person other than the card issuer,...


Notwithstanding any agreement to the contrary, a card issuer may not require a seller, as a condition to participating in a credit card plan, to open an account with or procure...


(a) Offset against consumer's funds A card issuer may not take any action to offset a cardholder's indebtedness arising in connection with a consumer credit transaction under...


(a) Claims and defenses assertible Subject to the limitation contained in subsection (b) of this section, a card issuer who has issued a credit card to a cardholder pursuant to...


(a) Consistency of provisions This part does not annul, alter, or affect, or exempt any person subject to the provisions of this part from complying with, the laws of any...


For purposes of this part - (1) The term ''consumer lease'' means a contract in the form of a lease or bailment for the use of personal property by a natural person for...


Each lessor shall give a lessee prior to the consummation of the lease a dated written statement on which the lessor and lessee are identified setting out accurately and in a...


(a) Estimated residual value of property as basis; presumptions; action by lessor for excess liability; mutually agreeable final adjustment Where the lessee's liability...


(a) In general If an advertisement for a consumer lease includes a statement of the amount of any payment or a statement that any or no initial payment is required,...


(a) Grounds for maintenance of action Any lessor who fails to comply with any requirement imposed under section 1667a or 1667b of this title with respect to any person is ...


(a) This part does not annul, alter, or affect, or exempt any person subject to the provisions of this part from complying with, the laws of any State with respect to consumer...


(a) Regulations authorized (1) In general The Board shall prescribe regulations to update and clarify the requirements and definitions applicable to lease disclosures and ...


(a) Disadvantages of garnishment The Congress finds: (1) The unrestricted garnishment of compensation due for personal services encourages the making of...


For the purposes of this subchapter: (a) The term ''earnings'' means compensation paid or payable for personal services, whether denominated as wages, salary, commission,...


(a) Maximum allowable garnishment Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section and in section 1675 of this title, the maximum part of the aggregate disposable earnings...


(a) Termination of employment No employer may discharge any employee by reason of the fact that his earnings have been subjected to garnishment for any one indebtedness. ...


The Secretary of Labor may by regulation exempt from the provisions of section 1673(a) and (b)(2) of this title garnishments issued under the laws of any State if he determines...


The Secretary of Labor, acting through the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor, shall enforce the provisions of this subchapter. ...


This subchapter does not annul, alter, or affect, or exempt any person from complying with, the laws of any State (1) prohibiting garnishments or providing for more limited ...


(a) Findings The Congress makes the following findings: (1) Consumers have a vital interest in establishing and maintaining their credit worthiness (FOOTNOTE 1) and credit ...


For purposes of this subchapter, the following definitions apply: (1) Consumer The term ''consumer'' means an individual. (2) Consumer credit transaction The...


(a) In general No person may - (1) make any statement, or counsel or advise any consumer to make any statement, which is untrue or misleading (or which, upon ...


(a) Disclosure required Any credit repair organization shall provide any consumer with the following written statement before any contract or agreement between the consumer...


(a) Written contracts required No services may be provided by any credit repair organization for any consumer - (1) unless a written and dated contract (for the purchase of ...


(a) In general Any consumer may cancel any contract with any credit repair organization without penalty or obligation by notifying the credit repair organization of the...


(a) Consumer waivers invalid Any waiver by any consumer of any protection provided by or any right of the consumer under this subchapter - (1) shall be treated as void; and ...


(a) Liability established Any person who fails to comply with any provision of this subchapter with respect to any other person shall be liable to such person in an amount...


(a) In general Compliance with the requirements imposed under this subchapter with respect to credit repair organizations shall be enforced under the Federal Trade Commission...


Any action to enforce any liability under this subchapter may be brought before the later of - (1) the end of the 5-year period beginning on the date of the occurrence...


This subchapter shall not annul, alter, affect, or exempt any person subject to the provisions of this subchapter from complying with any law of any State except to the extent...


(a) Accuracy and fairness of credit reporting The Congress makes the following findings: (1) The banking system is dependent upon fair and accurate credit reporting....


(a) Definitions and rules of construction set forth in this section are applicable for the purposes of this subchapter. (b) The term ''person'' means any individual, partnership, ...


(a) In general Subject to subsection (c) of this section, any consumer reporting agency may furnish a consumer report under the following circumstances and no other: (1)...


(a) Information excluded from consumer reports Except as authorized under subsection (b) of this section, no consumer reporting agency may make any consumer report containing ...


(a) Disclosure of fact of preparation A person may not procure or cause to be prepared an investigative consumer report on any consumer unless - (1) it is clearly...


(a) Identity and purposes of credit users Every consumer reporting agency shall maintain reasonable procedures designed to avoid violations of section 1681c of this title and...


Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1681b of this title, a consumer reporting agency may furnish identifying information respecting any consumer, limited to his name,...


(a) Information on file; sources; report recipients Every consumer reporting agency shall, upon request, and subject to section 1681h(a)(1) of this title, clearly and accurately ...


(a) In general (1) Proper identification A consumer reporting agency shall require, as a condition of making the disclosures required under section 1681g of this ...


(a) Reinvestigations of disputed information (1) Reinvestigation required (A) In general If the completeness or accuracy of any item of information contained...


(a) Reasonable charges allowed for certain disclosures (1) In general Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section, a consumer reporting agency...


(a) In general A consumer reporting agency which furnishes a consumer report for employment purposes and which for that purpose compiles and reports items of information...


Whenever a consumer reporting agency prepares an investigative consumer report, no adverse information in the consumer report (other than information which is a matter of...


(a) Duties of users taking adverse actions on basis of information contained in consumer reports If any person takes any adverse action with respect to any consumer that...


(a) In general Any person who willfully fails to comply with any requirement imposed under this subchapter with respect to any consumer is liable to that consumer in an...


(a) In general Any person who is negligent in failing to comply with any requirement imposed under this subchapter with respect to any consumer is liable to that consumer in...


An action to enforce any liability created under this subchapter may be brought in any appropriate United States district court without regard to the amount in controversy, or in...


Any person who knowingly and willfully obtains information on a consumer from a consumer reporting agency under false pretenses shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not...


Any officer or employee of a consumer reporting agency who knowingly and willfully provides information concerning an individual from the agency's files to a person not authorized...


(a) Enforcement by Federal Trade Commission (1) Compliance with the requirements imposed under this subchapter shall be enforced under the Federal Trade Commission Act (15...


Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, a consumer reporting agency shall include in any consumer report furnished by the agency in accordance with section 1681b...


(a) Duty of furnishers of information to provide accurate information (1) Prohibition (A) Reporting information with actual knowledge of errors A person...


(a) In general Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c) of this section, this subchapter does not annul, alter, affect, or exempt any person subject to the provisions of...


(a) Identity of financial institutions Notwithstanding section 1681b of this title or any other provision of this subchapter, a consumer reporting agency shall furnish to...


(a) Disclosure Notwithstanding section 1681b of this title or any other provision of this subchapter, a consumer reporting agency shall furnish a consumer report of a consumer...


(a) Activities constituting discrimination It shall be unlawful for any creditor to discriminate against any applicant, with respect to any aspect of a credit transaction - ...


(a) The definitions and rules of construction set forth in this section are applicable for the purposes of this subchapter. (b) The term ''applicant'' means any person who...


(a) Regulations (1) The Board shall prescribe regulations to carry out the purposes of this subchapter. These regulations may contain but are not limited to such...


(a) Enforcing agencies Compliance with the requirements imposed under this subchapter shall be enforced under: (1) section 8 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. ...


(a) Privileged information (1) Conditions for privilege A report or result of a self-test (as that term is defined by regulations of the Board) shall be considered to...


(a) Requests for signature of husband and wife for creation of valid lien, etc. A request for the signature of both parties to a marriage for the purpose of creating a...


(a) Individual or class action for actual damages Any creditor who fails to comply with any requirement imposed under this subchapter shall be liable to the aggrieved applicant ...


Each year, the Board and the Attorney General shall, respectively, make reports to the Congress concerning the administration of their functions under this subchapter, including ...


(a) Abusive practices There is abundant evidence of the use of abusive, deceptive, and unfair debt collection practices by many debt collectors. Abusive debt collection...


As used in this subchapter - (1) The term ''Commission'' means the Federal Trade Commission. (2) The term ''communication'' means the conveying of information...


Any debt collector communicating with any person other than the consumer for the purpose of acquiring location information about the consumer shall - (1) identify...


(a) Communication with the consumer generally Without the prior consent of the consumer given directly to the debt collector or the express permission of a court of competent ...


A debt collector may not engage in any conduct the natural consequence of which is to harass, oppress, or abuse any person in connection with the collection of a debt....


A debt collector may not use any false, deceptive, or misleading representation or means in connection with the collection of any debt. Without limiting the general application...


A debt collector may not use unfair or unconscionable means to collect or attempt to collect any debt. Without limiting the general application of the foregoing, the...


(a) Notice of debt; contents Within five days after the initial communication with a consumer in connection with the collection of any debt, a debt collector shall, unless...


If any consumer owes multiple debts and makes any single payment to any debt collector with respect to such debts, such debt collector may not apply such payment to any debt which...


(a) Venue Any debt collector who brings any legal action on a debt against any consumer shall - (1) in the case of an action to enforce an interest in real ...


(a) It is unlawful to design, compile, and furnish any form knowing that such form would be used to create the false belief in a consumer that a person other than the creditor of...


(a) Amount of damages Except as otherwise provided by this section, any debt collector who fails to comply with any provision of this subchapter with respect to any person...


(a) Federal Trade Commission Compliance with this subchapter shall be enforced by the Commission, except to the extent that enforcement of the requirements imposed under...


(a) Not later than one year after the effective date of this subchapter and at one-year intervals thereafter, the Commission shall make reports to the Congress concerning...


This subchapter does not annul, alter, or affect, or exempt any person subject to the provisions of this subchapter from complying with the laws of any State with respect to...


The Commission shall by regulation exempt from the requirements of this subchapter any class of debt collection practices within any State if the Commission determines that under...


(a) Rights and liabilities undefined The Congress finds that the use of electronic systems to transfer funds provides the potential for substantial benefits to consumers....


As used in this subchapter - (1) the term ''accepted card or other means of access'' means a card, code, or other means of access to a consumer's account for the...


(a) Prescription by Board The Board shall prescribe regulations to carry out the purposes of this subchapter. In prescribing such regulations, the Board shall: ...


(a) Disclosures; time; form; contents The terms and conditions of electronic fund transfers involving a consumer's account shall be disclosed at the time the consumer ...


(a) Availability of written documentation to consumer; contents For each electronic fund transfer initiated by a consumer from an electronic terminal, the financial...


(a) A preauthorized electronic fund transfer from a consumer's account may be authorized by the consumer only in writing, and a copy of such authorization shall be provided to...


(a) Notification to financial institution of error If a financial institution, within sixty days after having transmitted to a consumer documentation pursuant to section ...


(a) Unauthorized electronic fund transfers; limit A consumer shall be liable for any unauthorized electronic fund transfer involving the account of such consumer only if the card or ...


(a) Action or failure to act proximately causing damages Subject to subsections (b) and (c) of this section, a financial institution shall be liable to a consumer for all damages ...


(a) Prohibition; proper issuance No person may issue to a consumer any card, code, or other means of access to such consumer's account for the purpose of initiating an...


If a system malfunction prevents the effectuation of an electronic fund transfer initiated by a consumer to another person, and such other person has agreed to accept payment by...


No person may - (1) condition the extension of credit to a consumer on such consumer's repayment by means of preauthorized electronic fund transfers; or ...


No writing or other agreement between a consumer and any other person may contain any provision which constitutes a waiver of any right conferred or cause of action created by...


(a) Individual or class action for damages; amount of award Except as otherwise provided by this section and section 1693h of this title, any person who fails to comply with...


(a) Violations respecting giving of false or inaccurate information, failure to provide information, and failure to comply with provisions of this subchapter ...


(a) Enforcing agencies Compliance with the requirements imposed under this subchapter shall be enforced under - (1) section 8 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. ...


(a) Not later than twelve months after the effective date of this subchapter and at one-year intervals thereafter, the Board shall make reports to the Congress concerning...


This subchapter does not annul, alter, or affect the laws of any State relating to electronic fund transfers, except to the extent that those laws are inconsistent with the...


The Board shall by regulation exempt from the requirements of this subchapter any class of electronic fund transfers within any State if the Board determines that under the law...


For the purposes of this chapter, the term - (1) ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development; (2) ''person'' means an individual, or...


(a) Sale or lease of lots generally Unless the method of disposition is adopted for the purpose of evasion of this chapter, the provisions of this chapter shall not apply to - ...


(a) Prohibited activities It shall be unlawful for any developer or agent, directly or indirectly, to make use of any means or instruments of transportation or communication...


(a) Filing of statement of record A subdivision may be registered by filing with the Secretary a statement of record, meeting the requirements of this chapter and such rules...


The statement of record shall contain the information and be accompanied by the documents specified hereinafter in this section - (1) the name and address of each...


(a) Thirtieth day after filing or such earlier date as determined by Secretary; consolidation of subsequent statement with earlier recording Except as...


(a) Contents of report A property report relating to the lots in a subdivision shall contain such of the information contained in the statement of record, and any...


(a) Criteria; request by State (1) A State shall be certified if the Secretary determines - (A) that, when taken as a whole, the laws and regulations of the State...


(a) Violations; relief recoverable A purchaser or lessee may bring an action at law or in equity against a developer or agent if the sale or lease was made in violation of...


(a) Petition; jurisdiction; findings of Secretary; additional evidence; finality Any person, aggrieved by an order or determination of the Secretary issued after a...


(a) Section 1703(a) violations No action shall be maintained under section 1709 of this title with respect to - (1) a violation of subsection (a)(1) or (a)(2)(D) of section ...


Any condition, stipulation, or provision binding any person acquiring any lot in a subdivision to waive compliance with any provision of this chapter or of the rules and...


The rights and remedies provided by this chapter shall be in addition to any and all other rights and remedies that may exist at law or in equity. ...


(a) Permanent or temporary injunction or restraining order; jurisdiction Whenever it shall appear to the Secretary that any person is engaged or about to engage in any acts...


(a) Delegation of functions, duties, and powers; scope of delegations; appointment, etc., of delegates; right of appeal The authority and responsibility for administering...


The fact that a statement of record with respect to a subdivision has been filed or is in effect shall not be deemed a finding by the Secretary that the statement of record is...


Any person who willfully violates any of the provisions of this chapter, or the rules and regulations prescribed pursuant thereto, or any person who willfully, in a statement...


(a) In general (1) Authority Whenever any person knowingly and materially violates any of the provisions of this chapter or any rule, regulation, or order issued...


The Secretary shall have authority from time to time to make, issue, amend, and rescind such rules and regulations and such orders as are necessary or appropriate to the exercise...


The district courts of the United States, the United States courts of any territory, and the United States District Court for the District of Columbia shall have jurisdiction...


...


There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this chapter. ...


In the public interest of maintaining a newspaper press editorially and reportorially independent and competitive in all parts of the United States, it is hereby declared to be...


As used in this chapter - (1) The term ''antitrust law'' means the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq.) and each statute defined by section 4 thereof...


(a) Joint operating arrangements entered into prior to July 24, 1970 It shall not be unlawful under any antitrust law for any person to perform, enforce, renew, or amend...


(a) Notwithstanding any final judgment rendered in any action brought by the United States under which a joint operating arrangement has been held to be unlawful under any...


As used in this chapter unless the context otherwise requires: (1) The term ''management'' means any person who organizes, exercises control over, or administers or who...


The Congress finds and declares that - (1) the soring of horses is cruel and inhumane; (2) horses shown or exhibited which are sore, where such soreness improves...


(a) Disqualification of horses The management of any horse show or horse exhibition shall disqualify any horse from being shown or exhibited (1) which is sore or (2) if...


The following conduct is prohibited: (1) The shipping, transporting, moving, delivering, or receiving of any horse which is sore with reason to believe that such...


(a) Criminal acts and penalties (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, any person who knowingly violates section 1824 of this title shall, upon...


Whenever the Secretary believes that a willful violation of this chapter has occurred and that prosecution is needed to obtain compliance with this chapter, he shall inform...


(a) Assistance from Department of Agriculture and States The Secretary, in carrying out the provisions of this chapter, shall utilize, to the maximum extent practicable, the...


The Secretary is authorized to issue such rules and regulations as he deems necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. ...


No provision of this chapter shall be construed as indicating an intent on the part of the Congress to occupy the field in which such provision operates to the exclusion of the law...


...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this chapter $125,000 for the period beginning July 1, 1976, and ending September 30, 1976; and for the fiscal year...


There is created an Emergency Loan Guarantee Board (referred to in this chapter as the ''Board'') composed of the Secretary of the Treasury, as Chairman, the Chairman of the Board...


The Board, on such terms and conditions as it deems appropriate, may guarantee, or make commitments to guarantee, lenders against loss of principal or interest on loans that meet...


(a) Necessary findings A guarantee of a loan may be made under this chapter only if - (1) the Board finds that (A) the loan is needed to enable the borrower to continue...


In negotiating a loan guarantee under this chapter, the Board shall make every effort to arrange that the payment of the principal of and interest on any plan guaranteed shall...


(a) Stock dividends or other payments, prohibition; waiver A guarantee agreement made under this chapter with respect to an enterprise shall require that while there is any...


(a) Board; inspection of documents; disapproval of certain transactions The Board is authorized to inspect and copy all accounts, books, records, memoranda,...


The maximum obligation of the Board under all outstanding loans guaranteed by it shall not exceed at any time $250,000,000. ...


(a) Establishment; use; investment There is established in the Treasury an emergency loan guarantee fund to be administered by the Board. The fund shall be used for the payment...


Any Federal Reserve bank which is requested to do so shall act as fiscal agent for the Board. Each such fiscal agent shall be reimbursed by the Board for all expenses and...


(a) Attorney General, enforcement authority; payments into emergency loan guarantee fund The Attorney General shall take such action as may be appropriate to enforce any...


The Board shall submit to the Congress annually a full report of its operations under this chapter. In addition, the Board shall submit to the Congress a special report not...


The authority of the Board to enter into any guarantee or to make any commitment to guarantee under this chapter terminates on December 31, 1973. Such termination does not affect...


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(a) The Congress finds that - (1) an unacceptable number of consumer products which present unreasonable risks of injury are distributed in commerce; (2) complexities...


(a) For purposes of this chapter: (1) The term ''consumer product'' means any article, or component part thereof, produced or distributed (i) for sale to a consumer...


(a) Establishment; Chairman An independent regulatory commission is hereby established, to be known as the Consumer Product Safety Commission, consisting of five Commissioners...


(a) Injury Information Clearinghouse; duties The Commission shall - (1) maintain an Injury Information Clearinghouse to collect, investigate, analyze, and disseminate...


(a) Disclosure requirements for manufacturers or private labelers; procedures applicable (1) Nothing contained in this Act shall be construed to require the release of...


(a) Types of requirements The Commission may promulgate consumer product safety standards in accordance with the provisions of section 2058 of this title. A consumer...


Whenever the Commission finds that - (1) a consumer product is being, or will be, distributed in commerce and such consumer product presents an unreasonable risk ...


(a) In general Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, butyl nitrite shall be considered a banned hazardous product under section 2057 of this title. (b)...


(a) In general Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, volatile alkyl nitrite shall be considered a banned hazardous product under section 2057 of this title. ...


(a) Commencement of proceeding; publication of prescribed notice of proposed rulemaking; transmittal of notice A proceeding for the development of a consumer product safety ...


...


(a) Petition by persons adversely affected, consumers, or consumer organizations Not later than 60 days after a consumer product safety rule is promulgated by the...


(a) Filing of action The Commission may file in a United States district court an action (1) against an imminently hazardous consumer product for seizure of such product...


...


(a) Certification accompanying product; products with more than one manufacturer (1) Every manufacturer of a product which is subject to a consumer product safety...


(a) ''Substantial product hazard'' defined For purposes of this section, the term ''substantial product hazard'' means - (1) a failure to comply with an applicable...


(a) For purposes of implementing this chapter, or rules or orders prescribed under this chapter, officers or employees duly designated by the Commission, upon presenting appropriate ...


(a) Refusal of admission Any consumer product offered for importation into the customs territory of the United States (as defined in general note 2 of the Harmonized...


(a) Risk of injury to consumers within United States This chapter shall not apply to any consumer product if (1) it can be shown that such product is manufactured, sold, or held for ...


(a) Designation It shall be unlawful for any person to - (1) manufacture for sale, offer for sale, distribute in commerce, or import into the United States any...


(a) Amount of penalty (1) Any person who knowingly violates section 2068 of this title shall be subject to a civil penalty not to exceed $5,000 for each such violation....


(a) Any person who knowingly and willfully violates section 2068 of this title after having received notice of noncompliance from the Commission shall be fined not more than...


(a) Jurisdiction The United States district courts shall have jurisdiction to take the following action: (1) Restrain any violation of section 2068 of this title. ...


(a) Persons injured; costs; amount in controversy Any person who shall sustain injury by reason of any knowing (including willful) violation of a consumer product safety rule, or ...


Any interested person (including any individual or nonprofit, business, or other entity) may bring an action in any United States district court for the district in which...


(a) Liability at common law or under State statute not relieved by compliance Compliance with consumer product safety rules or other rules or orders under this chapter...


(a) State compliance to Federal standards Whenever a consumer product safety standard under this chapter is in effect and applies to a risk of injury associated with a ...


(a) Authority to conduct hearings or other inquiries The Commission may, by one or more of its members or by such agents or agency as it may designate, conduct any hearing or other ...


(1) Beginning 1 year after November 16, 1990, and every year thereafter, the Consumer Product Safety Commission shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and...


(a) Appointment; purposes The Commission shall appoint Chronic Hazard Advisory Panels (hereinafter referred to as the Panel or Panels) to advise the Commission in accordance...


(a) Programs to promote Federal-State cooperation The Commission shall establish a program to promote Federal-State cooperation for the purposes of carrying out this chapter. In ...


(a) Hazardous substances and poisons The functions of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (15 U.S.C. 1261 et seq.) and...


(a) Authority to regulate The Commission shall have no authority under this chapter to regulate any risk of injury associated with a consumer product if such risk could...


(a) There are authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of carrying out the provisions of this chapter (other than the provisions of section 2076(h) of this title which...


(a) Applicability of specification of General Services Administration; authority and effect of interim standard; modifications; criteria; labeling requirements (1)...


(a) Transmission to Congress The Commission shall transmit to the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives a copy of any consumer product safety...


(a) Notification of settlements or judgments If a particular model of a consumer product is the subject of at least 3 civil actions that have been filed in Federal or State ...


(a) Political items The manufacture in the United States, or the importation into the United States, for introduction into or distribution in commerce of any imitation...


If any person violates section 2101(a) or (b) of this title or a rule under section 2101(c) of this title, any interested person may commence a civil action for injunctive...


(a) Statutory authority Except as provided in section 2102 of this title, this chapter shall be enforced by the Federal Trade Commission under the Federal Trade Commission Act...


Any item imported into the United States in violation of section 2101(a) or (b) of this title or regulations under section 2101(c) of this title shall be subject to seizure...


The provisions of this chapter are in addition to, and not in substitution for or limitation of, the provisions of any other law of the United States or of the law of any State. ...


For purposes of this chapter: (1) The term ''original political item'' means any political button, poster, literature, sticker, or any advertisement produced for use...


The Congress finds that - (1) The National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control, established pursuant to Public Law 90-259, has made an exhaustive and...


It is declared to be the purpose of Congress in this chapter to - (1) reduce the Nation's losses caused by fire through better fire prevention and control; ...


As used in this chapter, the term - (1) ''Academy'' means the National Academy for Fire Prevention and Control; (2) ''Administration'' means the United States Fire ...


(a) Establishment There is hereby established in the Department of Commerce an agency which shall be known as the United States Fire Administration. (b) Administrator ...


The Administrator is authorized to take all steps necessary to educate the public and to overcome public indifference as to fire and fire prevention. Such steps may include, but...


(a) Establishment The Director shall establish, at the earliest practicable date, a National Academy for Fire Prevention and Control. The purpose of the Academy shall be...


(a) Development The Administrator shall conduct a continuing program of development, testing, and evaluation of equipment for use by the Nation's fire, rescue, and civil...


(a) Functions The Administrator shall operate, directly or through contracts or grants, an integrated, comprehensive National Fire Data Center for the selection,...


(a) Encouragement by Administrator The establishment of master plans for fire prevention and control are the responsibility of the States and the political subdivisions thereof....


(a) Filing of claims Each fire service that engages in the fighting of a fire on property which is under the jurisdiction of the United States may file a claim with...


The Administrator is authorized to review, evaluate, and suggest improvements in State and local fire prevention codes, building codes, and any relevant Federal or private codes...


The Administrator is authorized to encourage owners and managers of residential multiple-unit, commercial, industrial, and transportation structures to prepare Fire...


The Administrator is authorized to organize, or to participate in organizing, an annual conference on fire prevention and control. He may pay, in whole or in part, the cost of...


(a) Establishment There is hereby established an honorary award for the recognition of outstanding and distinguished service by public safety officers to be known as...


The Director shall report to the Congress and the President not later than ninety calendar days following the year ending September 30, 1980 and similarly each year thereafter on...


(a) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the foregoing provisions of this chapter, except as otherwise specifically provided, with respect to the payment of...


Copies of any document, report, statement, or information received or sent by the Director or the Administrator shall be made available to the public pursuant to the provisions...


(a) Assistance to Administrator Each department, agency, and instrumentality of the executive branch of the Federal Government and each independent regulatory agency of the...


Upon request, the Administrator shall assist the Consumer Product Safety Commission in the development of fire safety standards or codes for consumer products, as defined in...


The Administrator shall - (1) develop arson detection techniques to assist Federal agencies and States and local jurisdictions in improving arson prevention,...


(a) Definitions As used in this section: (1) Arson The term ''arson'' includes all incendiary and suspicious fires. (2) Office The term ''Office''...


...


The Administrator of the United States Fire Administration (hereafter in sections 2223a to 2223e of this title referred to as the ''Administrator'') shall conduct a review of...


For the purpose of carrying out section 2223a of this title, the Administrator shall establish a working group which shall, at a minimum, consist of - (1) program...


The working group established under section 2223b of this title shall, within 1 year after October 22, 1990, submit a report to the Administrator and to the Committee on...


After the submission of the report cited in section 2223c of this title, the working group established under section 2223b of this title shall meet as needed, but at least once...


As used in sections 2223a to 2223e of this title, the term ''emergency response personnel'' means personnel responsible for mitigation activities in a medical emergency,...


(a) Submissions by States (1) Not later than 2 years after September 25, 1990, each State (acting through its Governor or the Governor's designee) shall, under...


(a) Contents of guidelines The guidelines referred to in sections 2224 and 2226 of this title consist of - (1) a requirement that hard-wired, single-station smoke ...


(a) In general No Federal funds may be used to sponsor or fund in whole or in part a meeting, convention, conference, or training seminar that is conducted in, or that...


The Director, acting through the Administrator, is authorized to take steps to encourage the States to promote the use of automatic sprinkler systems and automatic smoke...


(a) Definitions For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply: (1) The term ''affordable cost'' means the cost to a Federal agency of leasing office space...


No funds shall be made available to a State or local government under section 2221 of this title unless such government has a policy to actively promote the training of...


(a) Definition of firefighting personnel In this section, the term ''firefighting personnel'' means individuals, including volunteers, who are firefighters, officers of...


The Administrator shall make publicly available, including through the Internet, information on procedures for acquiring surplus and excess equipment or property that may be...


The Administrator shall make publicly available, including through the Internet, information on procedures for establishing cooperative agreements between State and local fire...


(a) Office The Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall establish an office in the Agency to establish specific criteria of grant recipients and to...


For the purposes of this chapter: (1) The term ''consumer product'' means any tangible personal property which is distributed in commerce and which is normally used...


(a) Full and conspicuous disclosure of terms and conditions; additional requirements for contents In order to improve the adequacy of information available to ...


(a) Full (statement of duration) or limited warranty Any warrantor warranting a consumer product by means of a written warranty shall clearly and conspicuously designate such...


(a) Remedies under written warranty; duration of implied warranty; exclusion or limitation on consequential damages for breach of written or implied warranty; election of...


Nothing in this chapter shall prohibit the selling of a consumer product which has both full and limited warranties if such warranties are clearly and conspicuously differentiated. ...


(a) The Commission may prescribe by rule the manner and form in which the terms and conditions of service contracts shall be fully, clearly, and conspicuously disclosed. ...


Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prevent any warrantor from designating representatives to perform duties under the written or implied warranty: Provided, That...


(a) Restrictions on disclaimers or modifications No supplier may disclaim or modify (except as provided in subsection (b) of this section) any implied warranty to a consumer ...


(a) Oral presentation Any rule prescribed under this chapter shall be prescribed in accordance with section 553 of title 5; except that the Commission shall give...


(a) Informal dispute settlement procedures; establishment; rules setting forth minimum requirements; effect of compliance by warrantor; review of informal procedures...


(a) Federal Trade Commission Act and Federal Seed Act (1) Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to repeal, invalidate, or supersede the Federal Trade Commission Act ...


(a) Effective date of chapter Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, this chapter shall take effect 6 months after January 4, 1975, but shall not apply to...


The Congress finds that - (1) the rate of productivity growth in the United States has declined during four of the past six years; (2) the decline in the rate...


It is the purpose of this chapter - (1) to establish a national policy which will encourage productivity growth consistent with needs of the economy, the ...


(a) Stimulation of high rate of productivity growth The Congress, recognizing the profound impact of productivity on the interrelations of all components of the national economy, ...


For the purposes of this chapter - (1) the term ''Center'' means the National Center for Productivity and Quality of Working Life; (2) the term ''Board'' means the...


There is hereby established as an independent establishment of the executive branch of the Government the National Center for Productivity and Quality of Working Life. ...


(a) Membership The Center shall have a Board of Directors, to be comprised of not more than twenty-seven members, as follows: (1) a Chairman, appointed by the President,...


(a) Appointment of Executive Director; term of temporary Executive Director The Center shall have an Executive Director, who shall be appointed by the President by and...


The Center shall - (1) develop and establish, in consultation with the appropriate committees of the Congress and with the appropriate departments and agencies of...


In carrying out its functions, the Center is authorized - (1) to enter into contracts or other funding arrangements, or modifications thereof, in order to carry out...


(a) Qualification of contracts or arrangements No contracts or other funding arrangements may be entered into under this chapter unless - (1) such contracts or other...


(a) Establishment of criteria by regulation The Center shall prescribe by regulation, after consultation with appropriate agencies and officials of Federal, State, and local ...


(a) Contents Not later than December 31 of each year, the Center shall report to the President and to the Congress on activities pursuant to the provision of this...


(a) Designee Each department, agency, and independent establishment of the Federal Government shall designate a qualified individual to serve as liaison with the Center and...


Each department, agency, and independent establishment of the Federal Government, in coordination with the Center, shall study and review the promulgation and implementation of...


Each department, agency, and independent establishment of the Federal Government, in coordination with the Center, shall, to the extent appropriate, make available to State and...


Each department, agency, and independent establishment of the Federal Government shall identify, develop, initiate, and support appropriate programs, systems, procedures,...


Nothing in this subchapter affects any specific statutory obligation of any Federal agency (1) to coordinate or consult with any other Federal or State agency or (2) to act, or...


The Executive Director is authorized to - (1) prescribe such regulations as are deemed necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter; (2) receive money and...


(a) Audit, etc., by Comptroller General The Comptroller General of the United States shall audit, review, and evaluate the implementation of the provisions of this chapter by...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the purposes of this chapter, not to exceed $6,250,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1976, and the subsequent...


(a) The Congress finds and declares that - (1) the Nation's dependence on foreign sources of petroleum must be reduced, as such dependence jeopardizes national ...


As used in this chapter, the term - (1) Omitted (2) ''advanced electric or hybrid vehicle'' means a vehicle which - (A) minimizes the total amount of energy...


(a) Establishment of project The Secretary of Energy shall promptly establish, as an organizational entity within the Department of Energy, the Electric and Hybrid...


(a) Consultation with Secretary of Transportation In carrying out the project established under section 2503 of this title, the Secretary of Energy shall, to the maximum extent ...


The Secretary of Energy, acting through appropriate agencies and contractors, shall initiate and provide for the conduct of research and development in areas related to electric...


(a) Data development; baseline data; acquisition of vehicles Within 12 months after September 17, 1976, the Secretary of Energy shall develop data characterizing the present ...


(a) Research, development, and demonstration The Secretary of Energy shall provide funds, by contract, to initiate, continue, supplement, and maintain research, development, ...


(a) Opportunity to participate The Secretary of Energy shall take such steps as are feasible to assure that small business concerns have a realistic and adequate opportunity...


(a) Congressional policy It is the policy of the Congress to assist in the introduction into the Nation's transportation fleet of electric and hybrid vehicles and to assure...


The Postmaster General of the United States Postal Service, the Administrator of the General Services Administration, the Secretary of Defense, and the heads of other Federal...


Section 5908 of title 42 shall apply to any contract (including any assignment, substitution of parties, or subcontract thereunder), entered into, made, or issued by the Secretary...


(a) Bias of surface transportation systems; submission of report The Secretary of Energy shall conduct a study to determine the existence of any tax, regulatory, traffic,...


...


(a) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Energy, for purposes of carrying out this chapter, (1) not to exceed $30,000,000 for the fiscal year ending...


(a) Findings The Congress finds that - (1) human beings and the environment are being exposed each year to a large number of chemical substances and mixtures; ...


As used in this chapter: (1) the (FOOTNOTE 1) term ''Administrator'' means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. (FOOTNOTE 1) So in original....


(a) Testing requirements If the Administrator finds that - (1)(A)(i) the manufacture, distribution in commerce, processing, use, or disposal of a chemical substance...


(a) In general (1) Except as provided in subsection (h) of this section, no person may - (A) manufacture a new chemical substance on or after the 30th day after the...


(a) Scope of regulation If the Administrator finds that there is a reasonable basis to conclude that the manufacture, processing, distribution in commerce, use, or disposal of...


(a) Actions authorized and required (1) The Administrator may commence a civil action in an appropriate district court of the United States - (A) for seizure of an...


(a) Reports (1) The Administrator shall promulgate rules under which - (A) each person (other than a small manufacturer or processor) who manufactures or processes...


(a) Laws not administered by the Administrator (1) If the Administrator has reasonable basis to conclude that the manufacture, processing, distribution in commerce, use, or ...


(a) Authority The Administrator shall, in consultation and cooperation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and with other heads of appropriate departments...


(a) In general For purposes of administering this chapter, the Administrator, and any duly designated representative of the Administrator, may inspect any establishment,...


(a) In general (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) and subsection (b) of this section, this chapter (other than section 2607 of this title) shall not apply to any...


(a) In general (1) The Secretary of the Treasury shall refuse entry into the customs territory of the United States (as defined in general note 2 of the Harmonized Tariff...


(a) In general Except as provided by subsection (b) of this section, any information reported to, or otherwise obtained by, the Administrator (or any representative of...


It shall be unlawful for any person to - (1) fail or refuse to comply with (A) any rule promulgated or order issued under section 2603 of this title, (B) any ...


(a) Civil (1) Any person who violates a provision of section 2614 or 2689 of this title shall be liable to the United States for a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed...


(a) Specific enforcement (1) The district courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction over civil actions to - (A) restrain any violation of section 2614 or 2689...


(a) Effect on State law (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), nothing in this chapter shall affect the authority of any State or political subdivision of a State to...


(a) In general (1)(A) Not later than 60 days after the date of the promulgation of a rule under section 2603(a), 2604(a)(2), 2604(b)(4), 2605(a), 2605(e), or 2607 of this...


(a) In general Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any person may commence a civil action - (1) against any person (including (A) the United States, and ...


(a) In general Any person may petition the Administrator to initiate a proceeding for the issuance, amendment, or repeal of a rule under section 2603, 2605, or 2607 of this...


The Administrator shall waive compliance with any provision of this chapter upon a request and determination by the President that the requested waiver is necessary in the interest...


(a) In general No employer may discharge any employee or otherwise discriminate against any employee with respect to the employee's compensation, terms, conditions, or...


(a) In general The Administrator shall evaluate on a continuing basis the potential effects on employment (including reductions in employment or loss of employment from...


(a) Indemnification study The Administrator shall conduct a study of all Federal laws administered by the Administrator for the purpose of determining whether and under...


(a) Cooperation of Federal agencies Upon request by the Administrator, each Federal department and agency is authorized - (1) to make its services, personnel, and...


(a) In general The Secretary of Health and Human Services, in consultation with the Administrator and acting through the Assistant Secretary for Health, may conduct, and...


(a) In general For the purpose of complementing (but not reducing) the authority of, or actions taken by, the Administrator under this chapter, the Administrator may make...


There are authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator for purposes of carrying out this chapter (other than sections 2626 and 2627 of this title and subsections (a) and...


The Administrator shall prepare and submit to the President and the Congress on or before January 1, 1978, and on or before January 1 of each succeeding year a comprehensive report...


(a) Findings The Congress finds the following: (1) The Environmental Protection Agency's rule on local educational agency inspection for, and notification of, the ...


For purposes of this subchapter - (1) Accredited asbestos contractor The term ''accredited asbestos contractor'' means a person accredited pursuant to the provisions...


(a) In general Within 360 days after October 22, 1986, the Administrator shall promulgate regulations as described in subsections (b) through (i) of this section. With respect...


(a) In general (1) Failure to promulgate If the Administrator fails to promulgate within the prescribed period - (A) regulations described in section 2643(b)...


(a) Submission Within 720 days after October 22, 1986 (or within 810 days if there are no regulations under section 2643(i) of this title), a local educational agency shall...


(a) Contractor accreditation A person may not - (1) inspect for asbestos-containing material in a school building under the authority of a local educational agency or in ...


(a) Penalties Any local educational agency - (1) which fails to conduct an inspection pursuant to regulations under section 2643(b) of this title or under section ...


(a) Emergency action (1) Authority Whenever - (A) the presence of airborne asbestos or the condition of friable asbestos-containing material in a...


(a) No preemption Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed, interpreted, or applied to preempt, displace, or supplant any other State or Federal law, whether statutory...


(a) Study (1) General requirement The Administrator shall conduct a study on the availability of liability insurance and other forms of assurance against ...


(a) Public protection No State or local educational agency may discriminate against a person in any way, including firing a person who is an employee, because the person...


(a) Appointment The Administrator shall appoint an Asbestos Ombudsman, who shall carry out the duties described in subsection (b) of this section. (b) Duties The duties...


Within 360 days after October 22, 1986, the Administrator shall conduct and submit to the Congress the results of a study which shall - (1) assess the extent to...


Any regulation of the Environmental Protection Agency under subchapter I of this chapter which is inconsistent with this subchapter shall not be in effect after October 22, 1986....


(a) Prohibition on certain activities Until the local educational agency with authority over a school has submitted a management plan (for the school) which the State Governor...


(a) Grants The Administrator is authorized to award grants under this section to nonprofit organizations that demonstrate experience in implementing and operating health...


The national long-term goal of the United States with respect to radon levels in buildings is that the air within buildings in the United States should be as free of radon as...


For purposes of this subchapter: (1) The term ''local educational agency'' means - (A) any local educational agency as defined in section 7801 of title 20; ...


(a) Publication In order to make continuous progress toward the long-term goal established in section 2661 of this title, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection...


The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall develop model construction standards and techniques for controlling radon levels within new buildings. To the...


(a) Required activities The Administrator (or another Federal department or agency designated by the Administrator) shall develop and implement activities designed to assist...


(a) In general For each fiscal year, upon application of the Governor of a State, the Administrator may make a grant, subject to such terms and conditions as the...


(a) Study of radon in schools (1) Authority The Administrator shall conduct a study for the purpose of determining the extent of radon contamination in the Nation's ...


(a) Funding program Upon application of colleges, universities, institutions of higher learning, or consortia of such institutions, the Administrator may make a grant...


(a) Study requirement The head of each Federal department or agency that owns a Federal building shall conduct a study for the purpose of determining the extent of...


The Administrator is authorized to issue such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this subchapter. ...


Amounts authorized to be appropriated in this subchapter for purposes of carrying out the provisions of this subchapter are in addition to amounts authorized to be appropriated...


For the purposes of this subchapter: (1) Abatement The term ''abatement'' means any set of measures designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards...


(a) Regulations (1) In general Not later than 18 months after October 28, 1992, the Administrator shall, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary...


Within 18 months after October 28, 1992, the Administrator shall promulgate regulations which shall identify, for purposes of this subchapter and the Residential Lead-Based...


(a) Approval Any State which seeks to administer and enforce the standards, regulations, or other requirements established under section 2682 or 2686 of this title, or both,...


(a) Program to promote lead exposure abatement The Administrator, in cooperation with other appropriate Federal departments and agencies, shall conduct a comprehensive program to ...


(a) Lead hazard information pamphlet Not later than 2 years after October 28, 1992, after notice and opportunity for comment, the Administrator of the Environmental ...


The regulations of the Administrator under this subchapter shall include such recordkeeping and reporting requirements as may be necessary to insure the effective implementation...


Each department, agency, and instrumentality of executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Federal Government (1) having jurisdiction over any property or facility, or...


It shall be unlawful for any person to fail or refuse to comply with a provision of this subchapter or with any rule or order issued under this subchapter. ...


Nothing in this subchapter shall affect the authority of other appropriate Federal agencies to establish or enforce any requirements which are at least as stringent as...


(a) Applicability This section applies to the promulgation or revision of any regulation issued under this subchapter. (b) Rulemaking docket Not later than the date...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the purposes of this subchapter such sums as may be necessary. ...


(a) The Congress finds that - (1) existing automobile propulsion systems, on the average, fall short of meeting the long-term goals of the Nation with respect...


As used in this chapter, the term - (1) ''advanced automobile propulsion system'' means an energy conversion system, including engine and drive train, which ...


(a) Establishment and conduct of program The Secretary of Energy shall establish, within the Department of Energy, a program to insure the development of advanced automobile ...


The Secretary of Transportation, in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter, shall evaluate the extent to which the automobile industry utilizes advanced automotive...


(a) Conduct of overall management responsibilities The Secretary of Energy shall have overall management responsibility for carrying out the program under section 2703 of ...


(a) Evaluations of new or improved technologies pursuant to written submissions The Secretary of Energy shall, for the purposes of performing his responsibilities under...


Section 5908 of title 42 shall apply to any contract (including any assignment, substitution of parties, or subcontract thereunder) or grant, entered into, made, or issued by...


Section 5876 of title 42 shall apply with respect to the authority of the Comptroller General to have access to and rights of examination of books, documents, papers, and records of ...


(a) Comprehensive program, etc. As a separate part of the annual report submitted under section 5914(a) (FOOTNOTE 1) of title 42 with respect to the comprehensive plan and...


There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out the purposes of this chapter, in addition to any amounts made available for such purposes pursuant to title I of this Act, the...


As used in this subchapter: (1)(A) The term ''franchise'' means any contract - (i) between a refiner and a distributor, (ii) between a refiner and a retailer, ...


(a) General prohibition against termination or nonrenewal Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section and section 2803 of this title, no franchisor engaged in the...


(a) Nonapplicability of statutory nonrenewal provisions The provisions of section 2802 of this title shall not apply to the nonrenewal of any franchise relationship - ...


(a) General requirements applicable to franchisor Prior to termination of any franchise or nonrenewal of any franchise relationship, the franchisor shall furnish notification ...


(a) Maintenance of civil action by franchisee against franchisor; jurisdiction and venue; time for commencement of action If a franchisor fails to comply with the requirements...


(a) Termination or nonrenewal of franchise (1) To the extent that any provision of this subchapter applies to the termination (or the furnishing of notification with respect ...


As used in this subchapter: (1) The term ''octane rating'' means the rating of the antiknock characteristics of a grade or type of automotive fuel as determined...


(a) Determination and certification of automotive fuel rating by refiner distributing automotive fuel Each refiner who distributes automotive fuel in commerce shall - ...


(a) Procedural, investigative, and enforcement powers of Federal Trade Commission The Federal Trade Commission shall have procedural, investigative, and enforcement...


(a) To the extent that any provision of this subchapter applies to any act or omission, no State or any political subdivision thereof may adopt or continue in effect, except...


(a) Consultation with Chairman of Federal Trade Commission, Attorney General, and other agencies deemed appropriate by Secretary The Secretary of Energy, in...


The Congress finds and declares the following: (1) Weather and climate change affect food production, energy use, land use, water resources and other factors vital to ...


It is the purpose of the Congress in this chapter to establish a national climate program that will assist the Nation and the world to understand and respond to natural...


As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires: (1) The term ''Board'' means the Climate Program Policy Board. (2) The term ''Office'' means the...


(a) Establishment The President shall establish a National Climate Program in accordance with the provisions, findings and purposes of this chapter. (b) Duties ...


...


The Secretary shall prepare and submit to the President and the authorizing committees of the Congress, not later than March 31 of each year, a report on the activities...


(a) Functions vested in any Federal officer or agency by this chapter or under the Program may be exercised through the facilities and personnel of the agency involved or, to...


In addition to any other funds otherwise authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of conducting climate-related programs, there are authorized to be appropriated to...


As used in this chapter, the term - (1) ''Committee'' means the Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences established under section 2932 of this title; ...


(a) Findings The Congress makes the following findings: (1) Industrial, agricultural, and other human activities, coupled with an expanding world population,...


(a) Establishment The President, through the Council, shall establish a Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences. The Committee shall carry out Council functions...


The President shall establish an interagency United States Global Change Research Program to improve understanding of global change. The Program shall be implemented by the...


(a) In general The Chairman of the Council, through the Committee, shall develop a National Global Change Research Plan for implementation of the Program. The Plan shall...


(a) Committee guidance The Committee shall each year provide general guidance to each Federal agency or department participating in the Program with respect to the preparation...


On a periodic basis (not less frequently than every 4 years), the Council, through the Committee, shall prepare and submit to the President and the Congress an assessment which - ...


...


(a) National Climate Program research activities The President, the Chairman of the Council, and the Secretary of Commerce shall ensure that relevant research activities of the ...


(a) Findings The Congress makes the following findings: (1) Pooling of international resources and scientific capabilities will be essential to a successful international ...


(a) Global change research The President should direct the Secretary of State, in cooperation with the Committee, to initiate discussions with other nations leading...


Not more than 180 days after November 16, 1990, the President shall, in consultation with the Committee and all relevant Federal agencies, establish an Office of Global...


(a) Study of consequences of community growth and development; decision aid to assist State and local authorities in managing development The Secretary of Commerce...


(a) The Congress finds that - (1) the States should have the primary responsibility for determining what forms of gambling may legally take place within their borders; ...


For the purposes of this chapter the term - (1) ''person'' means any individual, association, partnership, joint venture, corporation, State or political subdivision ...


No person may accept an interstate off-track wager except as provided in this chapter. ...


(a) Consent of host racing association, host racing commission, and off-track racing commission as prerequisite to acceptance of wager An interstate off-track wager may...


Any person accepting any interstate off-track wager in violation of this chapter shall be civilly liable for damages to the host State, the host racing association and the...


(a) Parties; remedies The host State, the host racing association, or the horsemen's group may commence a civil action against any person alleged to be in violation of...


(a) District court jurisdiction Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the district courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction over any civil action under...


(a) The Congress finds that the Nation has suffered substantial unemployment and underemployment, idleness of other productive resources, high rates of inflation, and...


Not later than one year after October 27, 1978, the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives...


(a) Organization and implementation A National Employment Conference may be convened in the District of Columbia within a reasonable period of time after October 27, ...


The Congress recognizes that general economic policies alone have been unable to achieve the goals set forth in this chapter related to full employment, production, and real...


(a) Programmatic entities Any countercyclical efforts undertaken to aid in achieving the purposes of section 3111 of this title shall consider for inclusion the...


(a) Federal, regional, State, local, and private sector As an integral part of any countercyclical employment policies undertaken in accord with section 3112 of this title,...


(a) Recommendation of legislation To the extent deemed appropriate by the President in fulfillment of the purposes of section 3111 of this title, the President shall ...


(a) Congressional findings The Congress finds and declares - (1) That (FOOTNOTE 1) serious unemployment and economic disadvantage of a unique nature exist among youths...


(a) Policies, procedures and recommendations Further to promote achievement of full employment under this chapter and the Employment Act of 1946 (15 U.S.C. 1021 et seq.), ...


(a) Congressional findings The Congress finds that - (1) promotion of full employment and balanced growth is in itself a principal avenue to high and sustained rates...


(a) Establishment of procedures for review and action The purposes of this subchapter are to establish procedures for congressional review and action with respect to the...


(a) Short-term and medium-term goals In conjunction with its review of the Economic Report, and the holding of hearings on the Economic Report under the Employment Act of 1946...


(a) (FOOTNOTE 1) The Provisions of this subchapter and the amendments made by such provisions are enacted by the Congress - (FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. No subsec. (b) has...


(a) Exclusion from participation or denial of benefits No person in the United States shall on the ground of sex, age, race, color, religion, national origin or handicap be...


(a) Equal wages; increase in employment Any new program enacted and funded pursuant to the implementation of this chapter shall, subject to any limitations on maximum annual ...


(a) Purposes The purposes of this chapter are to encourage - (1) conservation of energy supplied by gas utilities; (2) the optimization of the efficiency of use...


For purposes of this chapter - (1) The term ''gas consumer'' means any person, State agency, or Federal agency, to which natural gas is sold other than for purposes...


(a) Adoption of standards Not later than 2 years after November 9, 1978 (or after October 24, 1992, in the case of standards under paragraphs (3), (FOOTNOTE 1) and (4)...


(a) Procedures for termination of gas service The procedures for termination of service referred to in section 3203(b)(1) of this title are procedures prescribed by the State ...


(a) Intervention In addition to the authorities vested in the Secretary pursuant to any other provision of law, the Secretary, on his own motion, may intervene as a matter...


(a) Study (1) The Secretary, in consultation with the Commission and, after affording an opportunity for consultation and comment by representatives of the State...


(a) Limitation of Federal jurisdiction (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no court of the United States shall have jurisdiction over any action arising under ...


Nothing in this chapter prohibits any State regulatory authority or nonregulated gas utility from adopting, pursuant to State law, any standard or rule affecting gas utilities...


(a) State authorities and nonregulated utilities Not later than 1 year after November 9, 1978, and annually thereafter for 10 years, each State regulatory authority (with ...


For purposes of this chapter, proceedings commenced by any State regulatory authority (with respect to gas utilities for which it has ratemaking authority) and any nonregulated...


Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to limit or affect any authority of the Secretary or the Commission under any other provision of law. ...


For purposes of this chapter - (1) Natural gas The term ''natural gas'' means either natural gas unmixed, or any mixture of natural and artificial gas. (2) Well ...


...


...


(a) Presidential declaration The President may declare a natural gas supply emergency (or extend a previously declared emergency) if he finds that - (1) a severe natural...


(a) Presidential authorization During any natural gas supply emergency declared under section 3361 of this title, the President may, by rule or order, authorize any...


(a) In general In order to assist in meeting natural gas requirements for high-priority uses of natural gas during any natural gas supply emergency declared under section 3361...


(a) Information (1) Obtaining of information In order to obtain information to carry out his authority under this part, the President may - (A) sign and...


(a) Commission approval of transportation (1) Interstate pipelines (A) In general The Commission may, by rule or order, authorize any interstate pipeline...


(a) Authorization of assignments The Commission may, by rule or order, authorize any intrastate pipeline to assign, without compensation, to any interstate pipeline or...


(a) High-cost natural gas No price paid in any first sale of high-cost natural gas (as defined in section 3317(c) (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title, as such section was in effect...


(a) General rule Any provision of any contract for the first sale of natural gas is hereby declared against public policy and unenforceable with respect to any natural gas...


The Commission may, by rule or order, require any first sale purchaser of natural gas under a new contract, a successor to an existing contract, or a rollover contract to file...


(a) General rule Not later than 120 days after November 9, 1978, the Secretary of Energy shall prescribe and make effective a rule, which may be amended from time to time,...


For the purposes of section 3391 of this title, the term ''essential agricultural use'' shall - (1) include use of natural gas in sugar refining for production of alcohol; ...


(a) General rule The Secretary of Energy shall prescribe and make effective a rule which provides that, notwithstanding any other provision of law (other than subsection (b)...


(a) Establishment of priorities The Secretary of Energy shall prescribe the rules under sections 3391 and 3392 of this title pursuant to his authority under the Department...


(a) General rule The Commission may not, during the 10-year period beginning on November 9, 1978, revoke or amend any certificate of public convenience and necessity issued...


(a) In general Except where expressly provided otherwise, the Commission shall administer this chapter. The Commission, or any other Federal officer or agency in which...


(a) Administrative Procedure Act Subject to subsection (b) of this section, the provisions of subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5 shall apply to any rule or order issued...


...


(a) General rule It shall be unlawful for any person to violate any provision of this chapter or any rule or order under this chapter. (b) Civil enforcement (1) In general ...


(a) Authority to intervene (1) Intervention as matter of right The Secretary of Energy may intervene as a matter of right in any proceeding relating to the prorationing...


(a) Orders (1) In general The provisions of this subsection shall apply to judicial review of any order, within the meaning of section 551(6) of title 5 (other than...


...


In order to obtain information for the purpose of carrying out its functions under this chapter, the Commission shall have the same authority as is vested in the Secretary...


(a) Jurisdiction of the Commission under the Natural Gas Act (1) Sales (A) Application to first sales For purposes of section 1(b) of the Natural Gas Act (15 ...


(a) Authority to prescribe maximum lawful prices Nothing in this chapter shall affect the authority of any State to establish or enforce any maximum lawful price for the first sale ...


Nothing contained in any antitrust law shall render unlawful the inclusion and enforcement in any trademark licensing contract or agreement, pursuant to which the licensee engages...


Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to legalize the enforcement of provisions described in section 3501 of this title in trademark licensing contracts or agreements...


As used in this chapter, the term ''antitrust law'' means the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. 1 et seq.), the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C. 12 et seq.), and the Federal Trade Commission Act...


(a) The Congress finds and declares that - (1) there is a shortage of adequate and affordable housing throughout the Nation, especially for low- and moderate-income ...


It is the sense of the Congress that lending by federally insured lending institutions for the conversion of rental housing to condominiums and cooperative housing should...


For the purpose of this chapter - (1) ''affiliate of a developer'' means any person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with a developer. A ...


The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to - (1) a cooperative or condominium unit sold or offered for sale by the Federal Government, by any State or local...


It is the sense of the Congress that, when multifamily rental housing projects are converted to condominium or cooperative use, tenants in those projects are entitled to...


Where an application for mortgage or loan insurance in connection with a conversion or purchase of a rental housing project being undertaken by a tenants' organization is...


(a) Operation, maintenance, and management contracts; penalty Any contract or portion thereof which is entered into after October 8, 1980, and which - (1) provides...


(a) Lease characteristics; authorization by unit owners; conditions precedent to action Cooperative and condominium unit owners through the unit owners' association may...


Any provision in any lease or contract requiring unit owners or the owners' association, in any conversion project involving a contract meeting the requirements of section 3607...


Nothing in this chapter may be construed to prevent or limit the authority of any State or local government to enact and enforce any law, ordinance, or code with regard to...


(a) Suits at law or equity Unless otherwise limited as in section 3607 or 3608 of this title, any person aggrieved by a violation of this chapter may sue at law or in equity. ...


The district courts of the United States, the United States courts of any territory, and the United States District Court for the District of Columbia shall have jurisdiction...


No action shall be maintained to enforce any right or liability created by this chapter unless brought within six years after such cause of action accrued, except that an...


Any condition, stipulation, or provision binding any person to waive compliance with any provisions of this chapter shall be void. ...


The rights and remedies provided by this chapter shall be in addition to any and all other rights and remedies that may exist under Federal or State law. ...


If any provisions of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of this chapter shall not be affected thereby. ...


The Congress finds and declares that: (1) Technology and industrial innovation are central to the economic, environmental, and social well-being of citizens of the ...


It is the purpose of this chapter to improve the economic, environmental, and social well-being of the United States by - (1) establishing organizations in the executive branch...


As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, the term - (1) ''Office'' means the Office of Technology Policy established under section 3704 of...


(a) Establishment There is established in the Department of Commerce a Technology Administration, which shall operate in accordance with the provisions, findings, and purposes...


(a) Establishment There is established within the Office of Productivity, Technology, and Innovation a Clearinghouse for State and Local Initiatives on Productivity,...


(a) Powers (1) The Secretary of Commerce, acting through the Director of the National Technical Information Service (hereafter in this section referred to as the ''Director'')...


Operating costs for the National Technical Information Service associated with the acquisition, processing, storage, bibliographic control, and archiving of information and...


(a) Transfer The head of each Federal executive department or agency shall transfer in a timely manner to the National Technical Information Service unclassified...


(a) Establishment The Secretary shall provide assistance for the establishment of Cooperative Research Centers. Such Centers shall be affiliated with any university, or...


(a) In general The Secretary may make grants and enter into cooperative agreements according to the provisions of this section in order to assist any activity consistent with...


(a) Establishment and provisions The National Science Foundation shall provide assistance for the establishment of Cooperative Research Centers. Such Centers shall be...


(a) Coordination The Secretary and the National Science Foundation shall, on a continuing basis, obtain the advice and cooperation of departments and agencies whose...


...


(a) Policy (1) It is the continuing responsibility of the Federal Government to ensure the full use of the results of the Nation's Federal investment in research and development....


(a) General authority Each Federal agency may permit the director of any of its Government-operated Federal laboratories, and, to the extent provided in an agency-approved...


The head of each Federal agency that is making expenditures at a rate of more than $50,000,000 per fiscal year for research and development in its Government-operated...


(a) In general (1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (4), any royalties or other payments received by a Federal agency from the licensing and assignment of inventions...


(a) In general If a Federal agency which has ownership of or the right of ownership to an invention made by a Federal employee does not intend to file for a patent application...


(a) Establishment There is hereby established a National Technology Medal, which shall be of such design and materials and bear such inscriptions as the President, on the basis...


(a) Establishment There is hereby established the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, which shall be evidenced by a medal bearing the inscriptions ''Malcolm Baldrige...


Not later than 180 days after December 18, 1991, the Secretary of Commerce, through the Under Secretary of Commerce for Technology, in consultation with other appropriate...


(a) Establishment There is established a National Award for the Advancement of Motor Vehicle Research and Development. The award shall consist of a medal, and a cash prize...


The Secretary and the National Science Foundation, jointly, shall establish a program to foster the exchange of scientific and technical personnel among academia, industry,...


(a)(1) There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for the purposes of carrying out sections 3704, 3710(g), and 3711 of this title not to exceed $3,400,000 for the...


No payments shall be made or contracts shall be entered into pursuant to the provisions of this chapter (other than sections 3710a, 3710b, and 3710c of this title) except to...


(a) Authority Subject to the approval of the Secretary or head of the affected department or agency, the Director of a Federal laboratory, or in the case of a federally...


(a) Identification of industries and development of plan The Secretary shall - (1) identify those civilian industries in the United States that are necessary to support...


(a) Establishment and functions There is established a National Quality Council (hereafter in this section referred to as the ''Council''). The functions of the Council shall...


(a) The Congress finds and declares that - (1) gasoline and diesel fuel for vehicular use are in short supply and constitute a sizable portion of domestic petroleum ...


For purposes of this chapter - (a) the term ''methane'' means either natural gas (as defined in section 3301(1) of this title), gas derived from coal, liquefied...


(a) Designation of management entity for program The Secretary shall designate prior to February 1, 1981, an appropriate organizational entity within the Department of Energy ...


(a) Related responsibilities and regulatory activities In carrying out the programs established under sections 3803 and 3806 of this title, the Secretary shall assure, to the...


The Secretary, acting through appropriate agencies and contractors, shall initiate and provide for the conduct of research and development in areas relating to...


(a) Development of data assessing current state-of-the-art Not later than January 1, 1982, the Secretary shall develop data assessing the current state-of-the-art with respect...


The Secretary shall consult with the Postmaster General of the United States Postal Service, the Administrator of the General Services Administration, the Secretary of Defense,...


...


There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for purposes of carrying out this chapter, not to exceed $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1982, not...


(a) Modification or waiver Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as authorizing the Secretary or any other official with respect to any activity pursuant to this chapter...


(a) As used in this chapter - (1) ''insurance'' means primary insurance, excess insurance, reinsurance, surplus lines insurance, and any other arrangement for shifting...


(a) Exemptions from State laws, rules, regulations, or orders Except as provided in this section, a risk retention group is exempt from any State law, rule, regulation, or order...


(a) Exemptions from State laws, rules, regulations, or orders Except as provided in this section and section 3905 of this title, a purchasing group is exempt from any State...


(a) Ownership interest of members in risk retention groups The ownership interests of members in a risk retention group shall be - (1) considered to be exempted securities...


(a) No exemption from State motor vehicle no-fault and motor vehicle financial responsibility laws Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to exempt a risk retention...


Any district court of the United States may issue an order enjoining a risk retention group from soliciting or selling insurance, or operating, in any State (or in all States) or...


(a) The Congress finds that - (1) United States exports are responsible for creating and maintaining one out of every nine manufacturing jobs in the United States and...


(a) For purposes of this subchapter - (1) the term ''export trade'' means trade or commerce in goods or services produced in the United States which are exported, or ...


The Secretary of Commerce shall establish within the Department of Commerce an office to promote and encourage to the greatest extent feasible the formation of export...


To promote and encourage export trade, the Secretary may issue certificates of review and advise and assist any person with respect to applying for certificates of review. ...


(a) Written form; limitation to export trade; compliance with regulations To apply for a certificate of review, a person shall submit to the Secretary a written...


(a) Requirements A certificate of review shall be issued to any applicant that establishes that its specified export trade, export trade activities, and methods of operation...


(a) Report of changes in matters specified; application to amend; treatment as application for issuance (1) Any applicant who receives a certificate of review - (A)...


(a) District court review of grants or denials; erroneous determination If the Secretary grants or denies, in whole or in part, an application for a certificate of review...


(a) Protection from civil or criminal antitrust actions Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, no criminal or civil action may be brought under the antitrust...


(a) Issuance; content To promote greater certainty regarding the application of the antitrust laws to export trade, the Secretary, with the concurrence of the Attorney...


Every person to whom a certificate of review is issued shall submit to the Secretary an annual report, in such form and at such time as the Secretary may require, that updates...


(a) Exemption Information submitted by any person in connection with the issuance, amendment, or revocation of a certificate of review shall be exempt from disclosure...


The Secretary, with the concurrence of the Attorney General, shall promulgate such rules and regulations as are necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter. ...


As used in this subchapter - (1) the term ''export trade'' means trade or commerce in goods, wares, merchandise, or services exported, or in the course of being...


(a) General rule Notwithstanding any other provision of law, money appropriated to the Department of Commerce for expenses to carry out any export promotion program may...


There are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Commerce to carry out export promotion programs such sums as are necessary for fiscal years 1995 and 1996. ...


(a) Report on status of Federal barter programs The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Energy shall, not later than 90 days after July 12, 1985, submit to the Congress ...


(a) The Congress finds and declares that - (1) the Arctic, onshore and offshore, contains vital energy resources that can reduce the Nation's dependence on foreign oil ...


(a) Establishment The President shall establish an Arctic Research Commission (hereafter referred to as the ''Commission''). (b) Membership (1) The Commission shall...


(a) The Commission shall - (1) develop and recommend an integrated national Arctic research policy; (2) in cooperation with the Interagency Arctic Research Policy ...


(a) Acquisition of information from Federal agencies; withholding authorization (1) The Commission may acquire from the head of any Federal agency unclassified data,...


The Commission may - (1) in accordance with the civil service laws and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, appoint and fix the compensation of an Executive...


(a) National Science Foundation and Director; functions The National Science Foundation is designated as the lead agency responsible for implementing Arctic research policy, and the ...


(a) The Interagency Committee shall - (1) survey Arctic research conducted by Federal, State, and local agencies, universities, and other public and private ...


(a) The Interagency Committee, in consultation with the Commission, the Governor of the State of Alaska, the residents of the Arctic, the private sector, and public interest...


(a) The Office of Science and Technology Policy shall - (1) review all agency and department budget requests related to the Arctic transmitted pursuant to section 4107(a)(5)...


(a) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for carrying out this chapter. (b) Any new spending authority (within the meaning of section 651 ...


As used in this chapter, the term ''Arctic'' means all United States and foreign territory north of the Arctic Circle and all United States territory north and west of the...


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(a) For purposes of this chapter: (1) The term ''antitrust laws'' has the meaning given it in subsection (a) of section 12 of this title, except that such term ...


In any action under the antitrust laws, or under any State law similar to the antitrust laws, the conduct of any person in making or performing a contract to carry out a joint...


(a) Amount recoverable Notwithstanding section 15 of this title and in lieu of the relief specified in such section, any person who is entitled to recovery on a claim under...


(a) Notwithstanding sections 15 and 26 of this title, in any claim under the antitrust laws, or any State law similar to the antitrust laws, based on the conducting of a...


(a) Written notifications; filing Any party to a joint venture, acting on such venture's behalf, may, not later than 90 days after entering into a written agreement to form...


Notwithstanding sections 4303 and 4305 of this title, the protections of section 4303 of this title shall not apply with respect to a joint venture's production of a product,...


(a) Development (1) The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall establish and carry out a program to inform the public of any dangers to human health resulting from the...


(a) General rule (1) It shall be unlawful for any person to manufacture, package, or import for sale or distribution within the United States any smokeless tobacco product...


(a) In general (1) Each person who manufactures, packages, or imports smokeless tobacco products shall annually provide the Secretary with - (A) a list of the...


(a) Enforcement (1) A violation of section 4402 of this title or the regulations promulgated pursuant to this chapter shall be considered a violation of section 45 of this...


The several district courts of the United States are vested with jurisdiction, for cause shown, to prevent and restrain violations of sections 4402 and 4403 of this title...


(a) Federal action No statement relating to the use of smokeless tobacco products and health, other than the statements required by section 4402 of this title, shall be...


...


For purposes of this chapter: (1) The term ''smokeless tobacco'' means any finely cut, ground, powdered, or leaf tobacco that is intended to be placed in the oral...


(a) In general This chapter (other than section 4504 of this title) - (1) specifies the procedure for the disbursement of funds collected, including interest thereon, by...


(a) In general (1) Subject to paragraph (2) - (A) all rulings, policies, or other statements (including any administrative order or settlement agreement) issued after ...


The amount that remains from the excess amount described in section 4502(c) (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title after all disbursements have been made for a fiscal year under section...


(a) In general (1) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the commencement of a civil enforcement action shall be barred unless such action is commenced before...


(a) Report on receipts and disbursements The Secretary shall transmit, not later than 60 days after October 21, 1986, a report to the committees referred to in subsection (d)...


(a) In general (1) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the provisions of this chapter (other than section 4504 of this title) shall terminate 90 days after...


For purposes of this chapter: (1) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Energy. (2) The term ''subpart V regulations'' means the provisions of Subpart V...


(a) Findings The Congress finds that it is in the national economic and security interests of the United States for the Department of Defense to provide financial assistance...


(a) Authority to make grants The Secretary of Defense shall make grants, in accordance with section 6304 of title 31, to Sematech in order to defray expenses incurred by...


(a) Establishment There is established the Semiconductor Technology Council. (b) Purposes and functions (1) The purposes of the Council are the following: (A) To...


(a) Study and report Not later than February 1, 1989, and annually thereafter for each fiscal year in which appropriated funds are expended for Sematech the...


...


Any export of materials, equipment, and technology developed by Sematech in whole or in part with financial assistance provided under section 4602(a) of this title shall be subject...


(a) Freedom of Information Act Section 552 of title 5 shall not apply to information obtained by the Federal Government on a confidential basis under section 4602(b)(5) of...


Congress makes the following findings: (1) Semiconductors and related microelectronic devices are key components in computers, telecommunications equipment, advanced ...


The Secretary of Energy shall initiate and carry out a program (hereinafter in this subchapter referred to as the ''Initiative'') of research on semiconductor manufacturing...


(a) Mission of national laboratories Each national laboratory of the Department of Energy may participate in research and development projects under the Initiative in...


The Secretary of Energy may authorize temporary exchanges of personnel between the national laboratories of the Department of Energy and any domestic firm or any consortium...


(a) Availability of resources Subject to subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary of Energy may make available to the Department of Defense, to any other department or...


(a) Budget submission To the extent the Secretary considers appropriate and necessary, the Secretary of Energy, in preparing the research and development budget of the...


(a) Permitted provisions The director of each national laboratory of the Department of Energy that is participating in the Initiative or the contractor operating any such...


(a) Provisions relating to disapproval and modification of agreements If the Secretary of Energy desires an opportunity to disapprove or require the modification of...


In carrying out the Initiative, the Secretary of Energy shall ensure that unnecessary duplicative research is not performed at the research facilities (including the...


There is authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1988 the sum of $25,000,000 for general science and research activities of the Department of...


(a) In general The Secretary of Energy shall adopt procedures to provide for timely and efficient transfer of semiconductor technology developed under the Initiative pursuant...


(a) Short title This section may be cited as the ''National Advisory Committee on Semiconductor Research and Development Act of 1988''. (b) Findings and purposes (1)...


...


In this subchapter: (1) Japanese markets The term ''Japanese markets'' refers to markets, including markets in the United States and Japan, where automotive parts ...


(a) In general The Secretary of Commerce shall re-establish the initiative to increase the sale of United States-made automotive parts and accessories to Japanese markets. ...


(a) In general The Secretary of Commerce shall seek the advice of the United States automotive parts industry in carrying out this subchapter. (b) Establishment of Committee ...


The authority under this subchapter shall expire on December 31, 2003. ...


The Secretary of State shall, not later than January 31 of each year, prepare and transmit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House...


(a) Interagency group (1) Establishment The President shall establish an interagency group on countertrade, to be composed of representatives of such departments...


(a) Establishment (1) In general The Secretary of Commerce shall establish, within the International Trade Administration, the United States and Foreign ...


...


(a) Authority of Secretary of Commerce In order to promote further the exportation of goods and services from the United States, the Secretary of Commerce is authorized to ...


(a) Establishment The Secretary of Commerce, in his or her role as chairperson of the Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee, is authorized and encouraged to establish...


(a) Authority of Secretary of Commerce In order to facilitate exporting by United States businesses, the Secretary of Commerce shall provide assistance for trade shows in ...


(a) In general In order to encourage the export of United States goods and services to Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan, the United States and Foreign Commercial Service shall...


(a) Assistance authorized The Secretary of Commerce is authorized to provide assistance to eligible entities for the development of foreign markets for authentic American...


(a) Establishment and purpose The President shall establish the Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee (hereafter in this section referred to as the ''TPCC''). The purpose of...


The Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee shall - (1) report on the actions taken or efforts currently underway to eliminate the areas of overlap and duplication identified ...


(a) Statement of policy It is the policy of the United States to foster the export of United States environmental technologies, goods, and services. In exercising their...


(a) In general Not later than May 31 of each year, the Secretary of Commerce shall submit to the Congress a report on the international economic position of the United States...