US State Code:United States CodeTITLE 7 - AGRICULTURE


This chapter may be cited as the ''Commodity Exchange Act.'' ...


As used in this chapter: (1) Alternative trading system The term ''alternative trading system'' means an organization, association, or group of persons that - ...


(a) Jurisdiction of Commission; Commodity Futures Trading Commission (1) Jurisdiction of Commission (A) In general The Commission shall have...


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(a) Findings The transactions subject to this chapter are entered into regularly in interstate and international commerce and are affected with a national public interest...


(a) Restriction on futures trading Unless exempted by the Commission pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, it shall be unlawful for any person to offer to enter into,...


(a) Burden on interstate commerce; trading or position limits Excessive speculation in any commodity under contracts of sale of such commodity for future delivery made on or...


(a) Contracts designed to defraud or mislead; bucketing orders It shall be unlawful (1) for any member of a registered entity, or for any correspondent, agent, or employee of...


(a) In general (1) Prohibition It shall be unlawful for any person to offer to enter into, enter into, or confirm the execution of a transaction described in...


(a) Registration requirements; duties of merchants in handling customer receipts It shall be unlawful for any person to engage as futures commission merchant or...


It shall be unlawful for any person to act as floor trader in executing purchases and sales, or as floor broker in executing any orders for the purchase or sale, of any commodity...


(a) Registration of futures commission merchants, introducing brokers, and floor brokers and traders (1) Any person desiring to register as a futures commission ...


(a) In general Every person registered hereunder as futures commission merchant, introducing broker, floor broker, or floor trader shall make such reports as are required by...


It shall be unlawful for any person falsely to represent such person to be a member of a registered entity or the representative or agent of such member, or to be a registrant...


It shall be unlawful for any person to make any contract for the purchase or sale of any commodity for future delivery on or subject to the rules of any contract market or...


(a) Issuance of regulations The Commission shall issue regulations to prohibit the privilege of dual trading in security futures products on each contract market and...


(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to be associated with a futures commission merchant as a partner, officer, or employee, or to be associated with an introducing broker as...


It is hereby found that the activities of commodity trading advisors and commodity pool operators are affected with a national public interest in that, among other things - ...


(1) It shall be unlawful for any commodity trading advisor or commodity pool operator, unless registered under this chapter, to make use of the mails or any means or...


(1) Any commodity trading advisor or commodity pool operator, or any person who contemplates becoming a commodity trading advisor or commodity pool operator, may register under...


(1) It shall be unlawful for a commodity trading advisor, associated person of a commodity trading advisor, commodity pool operator, or associated person of a commodity pool...


(a) Authority The Commission shall consider issuing rules or orders which - (1) prescribe procedures under which each contract market is to provide for orderly...


(a) The Commission may specify by rules and regulations appropriate standards with respect to training, experience, and such other qualifications as the Commission finds necessary...


(a) Applications A board of trade applying to the Commission for designation as a contract market shall submit an application to the Commission that includes any...


(a) In general In lieu of compliance with the contract market designation requirements of sections 6(a) and 7 of this title, a board of trade may elect to operate as a...


(a) Registration requirement It shall be unlawful for a derivatives clearing organization, unless registered with the Commission, directly or indirectly to make use of the...


(a) Acceptable business practices under core principles (1) In general Consistent with the purposes of this chapter, the Commission may issue interpretations, or...


(a) Election to register with the Commission A board of trade that meets the requirements of subsection (b) of this section may operate as an exempt board of trade on receipt ...


The failure of a registered entity to comply with any provision of this chapter, or any regulation or order of the Commission under this chapter, shall be cause for the suspension...


(a) Any board of trade that is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission as a national securities exchange, is a national securities association registered pursuant...


(a) Treatment as financial institutions Notwithstanding section 509(3)(B) of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (15 U.S.C. 6809(3)(B)), any futures commission merchant, commodity ...


(a) Any person desiring to be designated or registered as a contract market or derivatives transaction execution facility shall make application to the Commission for the...


If the Commission has reason to believe that any person (other than a registered entity) is manipulating or attempting to manipulate or has manipulated or attempted to manipulate...


(1) In determining the amount of the money penalty assessed under sections 9 and 15 of this title, the Commission shall consider the appropriateness of such penalty to the gravity...


(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), not later than six months after the effective date of rules promulgated by the Federal Trade Commission under section 6102(a) of title 15,...


The Commission shall provide the Securities and Exchange Commission with notice of the commencement of any proceeding and a copy of any order entered by the Commission pursuant...


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(a) No board of trade which has been designated or registered as a contract market or a derivatives transaction execution facility exclude (FOOTNOTE 1) from membership in, and...


Any person that has been designated or registered a registered entity in the manner provided in this chapter may have such designation or registration vacated and set aside by...


(a) Investigations respecting operations of boards of trade and others subject to this chapter; publication of results; restrictions; information received from foreign futures ...


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The Commission is authorized - (1) to register futures commission merchants, associated persons of futures commission merchants, introducing brokers, associated persons...


It shall be unlawful for any person, against whom there is outstanding any order of the Commission prohibiting him from trading on or subject to the rules of any registered...


(a) Action taken; written notice of reasons for action (1) Any exchange or the Commission if the exchange fails to act, may suspend, expel, or otherwise discipline any person who...


The Commission may, in accordance with the procedures provided for in this chapter, refuse to register, register conditionally, or suspend, place restrictions upon, or revoke...


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(a) Felonies generally It shall be a felony punishable by a fine of not more than $1,000,000 (or $500,000 in the case of a person who is an individual) or imprisonment for...


(a) No contract for the sale of onions for future delivery shall be made on or subject to the rules of any board of trade in the United States. The terms used in this section...


If any registered entity is not enforcing or has not enforced its rules of government made a condition of its designation or registration as set forth in sections 7 through 7a-2...


(a) Action to enjoin or restrain violations Whenever it shall appear to the Commission that any registered entity or other person has engaged, is engaging, or is about to ...


(1) Whenever it shall appear to the attorney general of any State, the administrator of the securities laws of any State, or such other official as a State may designate, that...


If any person (other than a registered entity) is manipulating or attempting to manipulate or has manipulated or attempted to manipulate the market price of any commodity,...


(a) Any person who commits, or who willfully aids, abets, counsels, commands, induces, or procures the commission of, a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter, or any...


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For the purpose of securing effective enforcement of the provisions of this chapter, for the purpose of any investigation or proceeding under this chapter, and for the purpose of...


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(a) Short title This section may be cited as the ''United States Cotton Futures Act''. (b) Repeal of tax on cotton futures Subchapter D of chapter 39 of title 26...


(a) Cooperation with other agencies The Commission may cooperate with any Department or agency of the Government, any State, territory, district, or possession, or ...


(a) Development and implementation of plan for user fees; report to and approval by Congressional committees Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commodity Futures ...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of...


If any provision of the act of June 15, 1936, ch. 545, 49 Stat. 1491, which amends this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid,...


If any provision of this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the Act and the application of such...


(a) Petition for actual damages (1) Any person complaining of any violation of any provision of this chapter, or any rule, regulation, or order issued pursuant to this chapter,...


(a) Costs and benefits (1) In general Before promulgating a regulation under this chapter or issuing an order (except as provided in paragraph (3)), the Commission ...


(a) Information The Commission may conduct regular investigations of the markets for goods, articles, services, rights, and interests which are the subject of futures...


(a) Registration statement Any association of persons may be registered with the Commission as a registered futures association pursuant to subsection (b) of this section,...


(a) The Commission shall establish and maintain, as part of its ongoing operations, research and information programs to (1) determine the feasibility of trading by computer, and...


(a) Margin accounts or contracts and leverage accounts or contracts prohibited except as authorized Except as authorized under subsection (b) of this section, no person...


(a) Notwithstanding title 11, the Commission may provide, with respect to a commodity broker that is a debtor under chapter 7 of title 11, by rule or regulation - (1)...


(a) Actual damages; actionable transactions; exclusive remedy (1) Any person (other than a registered entity or registered futures association) who violates this chapter or...


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(a) Bank In sections 27 to 27f of this title, the term ''bank'' means - (1) any depository institution (as defined in section 1813(c) of title 12); (2) any...


No provision of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1 et seq.) shall apply to, and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission shall not exercise regulatory authority with respect...


No provision of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1 et seq.) shall apply to, and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission shall not exercise regulatory authority with respect...


(a) In general No provision of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1 et seq.) shall apply to, and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission shall not exercise regulatory...


(a) In general No provision of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1 et seq.) shall apply to, and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission shall not regulate, a...


No provision of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1 et seq.) (other than section 5b of such Act (7 U.S.C. 7a-1) with respect to the clearing of covered swap agreements) shall...


(a) Hybrid instruments No hybrid instrument shall be void, voidable, or unenforceable, and no party to a hybrid instrument shall be entitled to rescind, or recover any...


This chapter shall be known by the short title of ''United States Cotton Standards Act.'' ...


The Secretary of Agriculture is requested to extend to cotton growers facilities for the classification of cotton authorized in this chapter, with such supervision of...


On and after July 5, 1952 the Secretary may contract with cooperatives furnishing classers and other facilities for classing cotton and may pay for such services in amount, some...


Further to carry out the purposes of this chapter the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to issue to any qualified person, upon presentation of satisfactory evidence...


It shall be unlawful (a) in or in connection with any transaction or shipment in commerce made after August 1, 1923, or (b) in any publication of a price or quotation determined in...


The Secretary of Agriculture may, upon presentation of satisfactory evidence of competency, issue to any person a license to grade or otherwise classify cotton and to certificate...


Any person who has custody of or a financial interest in any cotton may submit the same or samples thereof, drawn in accordance with the regulations of the Secretary of...


(a) The Secretary of Agriculture shall cause to be collected such fees and charges for licenses issued to classifiers of cotton under section 53 of this title, for determinations...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to establish from time to time standards for the classification of cotton by which its quality or value may be judged or determined...


Any moneys received from or in connection with the sale of cotton purchased for the preparation of the copies mentioned in section 56 of this title and condemned as unsuitable...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to effectuate agreements with cotton associations, cotton exchanges, and other cotton organizations in foreign countries, for (1)...


In order to carry out the provisions of this chapter, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cause the inspection, including the sampling, of any cotton involved in...


It shall be unlawful for any person (a) with intent to deceive or defraud, to make, receive, use, or have in his possession any simulate or counterfeit practical form or copy of...


(a) Any person who shall knowingly violate any provision of sections 52 or 59 of this title, or (b) any person licensed under this chapter who, for the purposes of or in...


For the purposes of this chapter the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause to be promulgated such regulations, may cause such investigations, tests, demonstrations, and publications...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall hold annual meetings with representatives of the cotton industry to review (1) activities and operations under the Cotton Standards Act (7 U.S.C....


Wherever used in this chapter, (a) the word ''person'' imports the plural or the singular, as the case demands, and includes an individual, a partnership, a corporation, or two...


When construing and enforcing the provisions of this chapter, the act, omission, or failure of any agent, officer, or other person acting for or employed by any person, within...


There are authorized to be appropriated out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary for carrying out the provisions of this...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and the application of...


This chapter may be cited as the ''United States Grain Standards Act.'' ...


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(a) Grain is an essential source of the world's total supply of human food and animal feed and is merchandised in interstate and foreign commerce. It is declared to be the policy...


When used in this chapter, except where the context requires otherwise - (a) the term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States or delegates...


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(a) Authority of Secretary The Secretary is authorized to investigate the handling, weighing, grading, and transportation of grain and to fix and establish (1) standards of...


(a) Official samples and certificates; waiver; excepted grains Whenever standards or procedures are effective under section 76 of this title for any grain - (1) no...


(a) Whenever standards relating to kind, class, quality, or condition of grain are effective under section 76 of this title for any grain no person shall in any sale, offer for...


(a) Grain required to be officially inspected The Secretary is authorized to cause official inspection under the standards provided for in section 76 of this title to be made ...


(a) Official weighing in accordance with prescribed regulations The Secretary shall cause official weighing under standards or procedures provided for in section 76 of this title...


(a) Random and periodic testing at least annually; fees The Secretary shall provide for the testing of all equipment used in the sampling, grading, inspection, and weighing for...


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The total administrative and supervisory costs which may be incurred under this chapter for services performed (excluding standardization, compliance, and foreign...


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(a) Authorization The Secretary is authorized (1) to issue a license to any individual upon presentation to the Secretary of satisfactory evidence that such individual...


The Secretary may refuse to renew, or may suspend or revoke, any license issued under this chapter whenever, after the licensee has been afforded an opportunity for a hearing,...


(a) Grounds for refusal of services The Secretary may (for such period, or indefinitely, as the Secretary deems necessary to effectuate the purposes of this chapter) refuse...


(a) Prohibition with respect to persons licensed or authorized by Secretary to perform official functions No person licensed or authorized by the Secretary to perform any ...


(a) Samples of grain Every official agency, every State agency delegated authority under this chapter, and every person licensed to perform any official inspection or...


(a) No person shall - (1) knowingly falsely make, issue, alter, forge, or counterfeit any official certificate or other official form or official mark; (2)...


(a) Any person who commits any offense prohibited by section 87b of this title (except an offense prohibited by paragraphs (a)(7), (a)(8), and (b)(4) in which case the person shall...


When construing and enforcing the provisions of this chapter, the act, omission, or failure of any official, agent, or other person acting for or employed by any...


(a) Authority of Secretary The Secretary is authorized to conduct such investigations; hold such hearings; require such reports from any official agency, any State...


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(a) Subpena power For the purposes of this chapter, the Secretary shall at all reasonable times have access to, for the purpose of examination, and the right to copy...


(a) General requirement The Secretary shall provide, by regulation, for the registration of all persons engaged in the business of buying grain for sale in foreign commerce,...


(a) General requirements; annual report to Congressional committees On December 1 of each year, the Secretary shall submit a report to the Committee on Agriculture of the House...


(a) No State or subdivision thereof may require the inspection or description in accordance with any standards of kind, class, quality, condition, or other characteristics of grain...


There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary for standardization and compliance activities, monitoring in foreign ports grain officially inspected...


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(a) Establishment; number and terms of members Not later than ninety days after October 24, 1988, the Secretary shall establish an advisory committee to provide advice to the ...


(a) Testing equipment To promote greater uniformity in commercial grain inspection results, the Secretary may work in conjunction with the National Institute for Standards...


For convenience of reference, this chapter may be designated and cited as ''The Naval Stores Act.'' ...


When used in this chapter - (a) ''Naval stores'' means spirits of turpentine and rosin. (b) ''Spirits of turpentine'' includes gum spirits of turpentine and wood turpentine. ...


For the purposes of this chapter the kinds of spirits of turpentine defined in subdivisions (c), (e), and (f) of section 92 of this title and the rosin types heretofore prepared and ...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall provide, if practicable, any interested persons with duplicates of the official naval stores standards of the United States upon request...


The following acts are hereby declared injurious to commerce in naval stores and are hereby prohibited and made unlawful: (a) The sale in commerce of any naval stores, or...


Any person willfully violating any provision of section 95 of this title shall, on conviction, be punished for each offense by a fine not exceeding $5,000 or by imprisonment for...


The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized to purchase from time to time in open market samples of spirits of turpentine and of anything offered for sale as such for...


(a) The Secretary of Agriculture shall fix and cause to be collected fees and charges for the establishment of standards under section 93 of this title and for...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of...


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For purposes of this subchapter - (a) Active ingredient The term ''active ingredient'' means - (1) in the case of a pesticide other than a plant regulator, ...


(a) Requirement of registration Except as provided by this subchapter, no person in any State may distribute or sell to any person any pesticide that is not registered under...


(a) General rule The Administrator shall reregister, in accordance with this section, each registered pesticide containing any active ingredient contained in any pesticide...


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(a) Issuance Any person may apply to the Administrator for an experimental use permit for a pesticide. The Administrator shall review the application. After completion of...


(a) Existing stocks and information (1) Existing stocks The Administrator may permit the continued sale and use of existing stocks of a pesticide whose registration...


(a) Requirement No person shall produce any pesticide subject to this subchapter or active ingredient used in producing a pesticide subject to this subchapter in any State...


(a) Requirements The Administrator may prescribe regulations requiring producers, registrants, and applicants for registration to maintain such records with respect to...


(a) In general (1) For purposes of enforcing the provisions of this subchapter, officers or employees of the Environmental Protection Agency or of any State duly designated by...


(a) In general In submitting data required by this subchapter, the applicant may (1) clearly mark any portions thereof which in the applicant's opinion are trade secrets...


(a) Certification procedure (1) Federal certification In any State for which a State plan for applicator certification has not been approved by the Administrator, the ...


(a) Requirements (1) The Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, shall require certified applicators of...


(a) In general The Secretary of Agriculture shall collect data of statewide or regional significance on the use of pesticides to control pests and diseases of major crops...


(a) In general (1) Except as provided by subsection (b) of this section, it shall be unlawful for any person in any State to distribute or sell to any person - (A)...


(a) Stop sale, etc., orders Whenever any pesticide or device is found by the Administrator in any State and there is reason to believe on the basis of inspection or tests...


(a) Civil penalties (1) In general Any registrant, commercial applicator, wholesaler, dealer, retailer, or other distributor who violates any provision of this ...


(a) General indemnification (1) In general Except as otherwise provided in this section, if - (A) the Administrator notifies a registrant under section ...


(a) District court review Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter, the refusal of the Administrator to cancel or suspend a registration or to change a classification...


(a) Pesticides and devices intended for export Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, no pesticide or device or active ingredient used in producing a ...


The Administrator may, at the Administrator's discretion, exempt any Federal or State agency from any provision of this subchapter if the Administrator determines that...


(a) Storage, disposal, and transportation (1) Data requirements and registration of pesticides The Administrator may require under section 136a or 136d of this title that...


(a) Research The Administrator shall undertake research including research by grant or contract with other Federal agencies, universities, or others as may be necessary to...


The Secretary of Agriculture, in cooperation with the Administrator, shall implement research, demonstration, and education programs to support adoption of Integrated Pest ...


(a) Secretary of Agriculture The Administrator, before publishing regulations under this subchapter, shall solicit the views of the Secretary of Agriculture in accordance with...


(a) Delegation All authority vested in the Administrator by virtue of the provisions of this subchapter may with like force and effect be executed by such employees of...


(a) Cooperative agreements The Administrator may enter into cooperative agreements with States and Indian tribes - (1) to delegate to any State or Indian tribe the...


(a) In general A State may regulate the sale or use of any federally registered pesticide or device in the State, but only if and to the extent the regulation does not permit...


(a) In general (1) Regulations The Administrator is authorized, in accordance with the procedure described in paragraph (2), to prescribe regulations to carry out...


(a) In general For the purposes of this subchapter, a State shall have primary enforcement responsibility for pesticide use violations during any period for which...


(a) Referral Upon receipt of any complaint or other information alleging or indicating a significant violation of the pesticide use provisions of this subchapter,...


(a) In general The Administrator, in coordination with the Secretary of Agriculture, shall identify those pests that must be brought under control. The Administrator shall...


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Each State may establish minimum requirements for training of maintenance applicators and service technicians. Such training may include instruction in the safe and...


(a) The Administrator shall assure coordination of minor use issues through the establishment of a minor use program within the Office of Pesticide Programs. Such office shall...


(a) In general The Secretary of Agriculture (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ''Secretary'') shall assure the coordination of the responsibilities of the...


If any provision of this subchapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of...


There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subchapter (other than section 136u(a) of this title) - (1) $83,000,000 for fiscal year 1989, of which not more than ...


As used in this chapter: (1) Agricultural product The term ''agricultural product'' means any fresh fruit or vegetable or any commodity or product derived from...


(a) Establishment of Program The Secretary shall administer a National Laboratory Accreditation Program under which laboratories that request accreditation and conduct...


(a) In general The Secretary shall issue certificates of accreditation to laboratories that meet the requirements of this chapter, as determined by the Secretary. ...


(a) Performance evaluation samples (1) Provided by Secretary The Secretary shall ensure that performance evaluation samples are provided to any laboratory that has...


(a) Contents of application An application for accreditation under this chapter shall be prepared and submitted to the Secretary and shall include - (1) the name and...


(a) In general Each laboratory or individual that performs, brokers, or otherwise arranges for the performance of a pesticide chemical analysis of food shall prepare and submit...


(a) In general At the time that an application for accreditation is received by the Secretary and annually thereafter, a laboratory seeking accreditation by the Secretary...


The results of the evaluations of laboratories conducted by the Secretary under this chapter shall be made available to the Secretary of Health and Human Services and to the...


The Secretary shall promulgate regulations to carry out this chapter. ...


Nothing in this chapter shall alter the authority of the Secretary of Health and Human Services under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.). ...


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The Secretary of Agriculture (hereinafter called the ''Secretary'') is authorized - (1) To acquire by purchase, license, or other agreement, the right to operate...


(a) The Secretary is authorized to appoint such employees, including citizens of other countries, as may be necessary for carrying out the provisions of sections 171 to 173 of...


There are authorized to be appropriated such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of sections 171 to 173 of this title. Any amounts so appropriated, and any...


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Subject to conditions prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture, any part of the land acquired by lease, deed, or other agreement pursuant to sections 171 to 173 of this title,...


Guayule shrub may be sold to the Reconstruction Finance Corporation at a price reflecting the net realization from the sale of the rubber recovered from such shrub in mills...


(a)(1) Congress recognizes that natural latex rubber is a commodity of vital importance to the economy, the defense, and the general well-being of the Nation. The United States...


As used in this subchapter - (a) The term ''State'' means each of the fifty States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) The term...


(a) Establishment; function There is established a Joint Commission on Research and Development of Critical Agricultural Materials, hereinafter referred to as the...


(a) Designation of Department as lead agency The Department of Agriculture shall be the lead agency in carrying out this subchapter. (b) Scope of program The Secretary...


The Secretary of Commerce is authorized and directed to initiate and carry out research, technology development, technology transfer, and demonstration projects to test...


The Secretaries, in consultation with the Secretary of State, are authorized and encouraged to enter into cooperative projects with the Government of Mexico, the Government...


The Secretaries are authorized to accept financial or other assistance from any State or public agency to aid in carrying out the provisions of this subchapter and to enter...


In carrying out the provisions of this subchapter, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to - (a) make grants to States, education institutions, scientific ...


In carrying out the provisions of this subchapter, the Secretary of Commerce is authorized to - (a) make grants to States, education institutions, scientific ...


In carrying out the provisions of this subchapter, the Secretaries and the Joint Commission shall cooperate with each other in the conduct of their activities under this...


Relative to the definitions of, title to, and licensing of inventions made or conceived in the course of or under any contract or grant pursuant to this subchapter,...


The Secretaries may dispose of any latex, resin, wax, pulp, and any other byproducts, as well as products, other than rubber, developed from agricultural crops which are of...


The Secretaries may issue rules and regulations necessary to effectuate the purposes of this subchapter. ...


The Secretaries shall submit to the President and the Congress, no later than December 31, 1980, and each year thereafter through 1987, a report on the status of the...


(a) Authorization of appropriations to Secretary of Agriculture There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Agriculture such sums as are necessary to carry out...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Packers and Stockyards Act, 1921.'' ...


When used in this chapter - (1) The term ''person'' includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, and associations; (2) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary...


For the purpose of this chapter (but not in anywise limiting the definition in section 182 of this title) a transaction in respect to any article shall be considered to be in...


When used in this chapter the term ''packer'' means any person engaged in the business (a) of buying livestock in commerce for purposes of slaughter, or (b) of manufacturing...


It shall be unlawful for any packer with respect to livestock, meats, meat food products, or livestock products in unmanufactured form, or for any live poultry dealer with respect...


(a) Complaint; hearing; intervention Whenever the Secretary has reason to believe that any packer has violated or is violating any provision of this subchapter, he shall cause...


(a) Filing of petition; bond An order made under section 193 of this title shall be final and conclusive unless within thirty days after service the packer appeals to the court...


Any packer, or any officer, director, agent, or employee of a packer, who fails to obey any order of the Secretary issued under the provisions of section 193 of this title, or...


(a) Protection of public interest from inadequate financing arrangements It is hereby found that a burden on and obstruction to commerce in livestock is caused by...


(a) Protection of public interest from inadequate financing arrangements It is hereby found that a burden on and obstruction to commerce in poultry is caused by...


Except as provided in section 198b(a) of this title, in this part: (1) Market The term ''market'' means the sale or disposition of swine, pork, or pork products...


(a) In general Subject to the availability of appropriations to carry out this section, the Secretary shall establish and maintain a library or catalog of each type of...


(a) Definition of packer In this section, the term ''packer'' has the meaning given the term in section 191 of this title. (b) Report Not later than 90 days after...


When used in this chapter - (a) The term ''stockyard owner'' means any person engaged in the business of conducting or operating a stockyard; (b) The term...


(a) When used in this subchapter the term ''stockyard'' means any place, establishment, or facility commonly known as stockyards, conducted, operated, or managed for profit...


After the expiration of thirty days after the Secretary has given public notice that any stockyard is within the definition of section 202 of this title, by posting copies of...


On and after July 12, 1943, the Secretary may require reasonable bonds from every market agency (as defined in this subchapter), every packer (as defined in subchapter II of...


All stockyard services furnished pursuant to reasonable request made to a stockyard owner or market agency at such stockyard shall be reasonable and nondiscriminatory and...


All rates or charges made for any stockyard services furnished at a stockyard by a stockyard owner or market agency shall be just, reasonable, and nondiscriminatory, and any...


(a) Filing; public inspection Within sixty days after the Secretary has given public notice that a stockyard is within the definition of section 202 of this title, by...


(a) It shall be the duty of every stockyard owner and market agency to establish, observe, and enforce just, reasonable, and nondiscriminatory regulations and practices in respect...


(a) If any person subject to this chapter violates any of the provisions of this chapter, or of any order of the Secretary under this chapter, relating to the purchase, sale,...


(a) Complaint; response; satisfaction or investigation Any person complaining of anything done or omitted to be done by any stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer (hereinafter...


Whenever after full hearing upon a complaint made as provided in section 210 of this title, or after full hearing under an order for investigation and hearing made by the Secretary...


Whenever in any investigation under the provisions of this subchapter, or in any investigation instituted by petition of the stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer concerned,...


(a) It shall be unlawful for any stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer to engage in or use any unfair, unjustly discriminatory, or deceptive practice or device in connection...


Except as otherwise provided in this chapter all orders of the Secretary under this subchapter, other than orders for the payment of money, shall take effect within such...


(a) Any stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer who knowingly fails to obey any order made under the provisions of sections 211, 212, or 213 of this title shall forfeit to...


If any stockyard owner, market agency, or dealer fails to obey any order of the Secretary other than for the payment of money while the same is in effect, the Secretary, or any...


For the purposes of this subchapter, the provisions of all laws relating to the suspending or restraining the enforcement, operation, or execution of, or the setting aside in whole...


(a) Authorization by Secretary; registration as market agency The Secretary may, upon written application made to him, and if he deems it necessary, authorize the charging...


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Every packer, any live poultry dealer, stockyard owner, market agency, and dealer shall keep such accounts, records, and memoranda as fully and correctly disclose all...


For the efficient execution of the provisions of this chapter, and in order to provide information for the use of Congress, the provisions (including penalties) of sections 46 and...


When construing and enforcing the provisions of this chapter, the act, omission, or failure of any agent, officer, or other person acting for or employed by any packer, any...


The Secretary may report any violation of this chapter to the Attorney General of the United States, who shall cause appropriate proceedings to be commenced and prosecuted in...


Nothing contained in this chapter, except as otherwise provided herein, shall be construed - (a) To prevent or interfere with the enforcement of, or the procedure under,...


Nothing in this chapter shall affect the power or jurisdiction of the Interstate Commerce Commission, nor confer upon the Secretary concurrent power or jurisdiction over any...


(a) Omitted (b) Jurisdiction of Federal Trade Commission The Federal Trade Commission shall have power and jurisdiction over any matter involving meat, meat food...


(a) Rules, regulations, and expenditures; appropriations The Secretary may make such rules, regulations, and orders as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter...


Whenever the Secretary has reason to believe that any person subject to this chapter (a) with respect to any transactions subject to this chapter, has failed to pay or is unable...


(a) Full amount of purchase price required; methods of payment Each packer, market agency, or dealer purchasing livestock shall, before the close of the next business day...


(a) Delivery of full amount due Each live poultry dealer obtaining live poultry by purchase in a cash sale shall, before the close of the next business day following the...


(a) Written complaint by Secretary; hearing; intervention; amended complaint Whenever the Secretary has reason to believe that any live poultry dealer has violated or...


(a) Finality of order unless appeal to court of appeals; time limit; bond An order made under section 228b-2 of this title shall be final and conclusive unless within 30...


Any live poultry dealer, or any officer, director, agent, or employee of a live poultry dealer, who fails to obey any order of the Secretary issued under the provisions of...


No requirement of any State or territory of the United States, or any subdivision thereof, or the District of Columbia, with respect to bonding of packers or prompt payment by...


Not later than March 1 of each year, the Secretary shall submit to Congress and make publicly available a report that - (1) assesses the general economic state of the cattle...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of...


...


...


In this chapter: (1) Agricultural product The term ''agricultural product'' means an agricultural commodity, as determined by the Secretary, including a processed ...


(a) In general The Secretary shall have exclusive power, jurisdiction, and authority, to the extent that this chapter applies, with respect to - (1) each...


(a) In general The Secretary shall assess persons covered by this chapter fees to cover the costs of administering this chapter. (b) Rates The fees under this section...


If standards for the evaluation or determination of the quality or value of an agricultural product are not established under another Federal law, the Secretary may...


(a) In general As a condition of receiving a license or approval under this chapter (including regulations promulgated under this chapter), the person applying for the license...


To facilitate the administration of this chapter, the following persons shall maintain such records and make such reports, as the Secretary may by regulation require: (1)...


(a) In general Subject to the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator shall deal, in a fair and reasonable manner, with persons storing, or seeking to store, an...


(a) In general A warehouse operator may commingle agricultural products in a manner approved by the Secretary. (b) Liability A warehouse operator shall be severally...


(a) In general In accordance with regulations promulgated under this chapter, a warehouse operator may transfer a stored agricultural product from one warehouse to...


(a) In general At the request of the depositor of an agricultural product stored or handled in a warehouse licensed under this chapter, the warehouse operator shall issue...


(a) Prompt delivery In the absence of a lawful excuse, a warehouse operator shall, without unnecessary delay, deliver the agricultural product stored or handled in the...


(a) In general After providing notice and an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with this section, the Secretary may suspend or revoke any license issued, or approval for...


(a) In general The Secretary may release to the public the names, addresses, and locations of all persons - (1) that have been licensed under this chapter or that have ...


If a person fails to comply with any requirement of this chapter (including regulations promulgated under this chapter), the Secretary may assess, on the record after an...


(a) Federal jurisdiction A district court of the United States shall have exclusive jurisdiction over any action brought under this chapter without regard to the amount...


There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this chapter. ...


(a) In general The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to prohibit or restrict the importation or entry of honeybees and honeybee semen into or through the United States...


Any person who violates any provision of section 281 of this title or any regulation issued under it is guilty of an offense against the United States and shall, upon conviction,...


The Secretary of Agriculture may propagate bee-breeding stock and may release bee germ plasm to the public. ...


(a) Operations in United States The Secretary of Agriculture either independently or in cooperation with States or political subdivisions thereof, farmers' associations,...


Funds appropriated to carry out the provisions of this chapter may also be used for printing and binding without regard to section 501 of title 44 for employment, by contract...


There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. ...


Persons engaged in the production of agricultural products as farmers, planters, ranchmen, dairymen, nut or fruit growers may act together in associations, corporate or...


If the Secretary of Agriculture shall have reason to believe that any such association monopolizes or restrains trade in interstate or foreign commerce to such an extent that...


There is granted to the several States, for the purposes hereinafter mentioned in this subchapter, an amount of public land, to be apportioned to each State a quantity equal to...


The land aforesaid, after being surveyed, shall be apportioned to the several States in sections or subdivisions of sections, not less than one-quarter of a section; and...


All the expenses of management, superintendence, and taxes from date of selection of said lands, previous to their sales, and all expenses incurred in the management and...


All moneys derived from the sale of lands as provided in section 302 of this title by the States to which lands are apportioned and from the sales of land scrip provided for in...


The grant of land and land scrip hereby authorized shall be made on the following conditions, to which, as well as to the provisions contained in said sections, the previous assent...


...


The land officers shall receive the same fees for locating land scrip issued under the provisions of this subchapter as was on July 2, 1862, allowed for the location of...


The governors of the several States to which scrip shall be issued under the provisions of this subchapter shall be required to report annually to Congress all sales made of...


The Secretary of Agriculture is charged with the proper administration of this subchapter. ...


There is annually appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be paid as provided in section 324 of this title, to each State and Territory for...


No money shall be paid out under this subchapter to any State or Territory for the support or maintenance of a college where a distinction of race or color is made in the admission...


The sums appropriated by this subchapter to the States and Territories for the further endowment and support of colleges shall be annually paid on or before the 31st day of October...


If any portion of the moneys received by the designated officer of the State or Territory for the further and more complete endowment, support, and maintenance of colleges, or...


On or before the 1st day of October in each year, the Secretary of Agriculture shall ascertain and certify to the Secretary of the Treasury as to each State and Territory whether...


There is appropriated annually, out of funds in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for payment to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands of the United States,...


...


Congress may at any time amend, suspend, or repeal any or all of the provisions of this subchapter. ...


In order to provide for the more complete endowment and support of the colleges in the several States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands...


Pursuant to the recognized obligations of governments to guarantee the social security of their employees and in order to provide for the retirement on an annuity, or otherwise,...


In order to aid in diffusing among the people of the United States useful and practical information on subjects relating to agriculture, uses of solar energy with respect...


Cooperative agricultural extension work shall consist of the development of practical applications of research knowledge and giving of instruction and practical demonstrations...


(a) There are authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of this subchapter such sums as Congress may from time to time determine to be necessary. (b)(1) Out of such...


...


...


...


...


...


(a) Ascertainment of entitlement On or about the first day of October in each year after June 26, 1953, the Secretary of Agriculture shall ascertain as to each State whether it...


If any portion of the moneys received by the designated officer of any State for the support and maintenance of cooperative agricultural extension work, as provided in...


...


...


(a) Congressional findings The Congress finds that there exists special circumstances in certain agricultural areas which cause such areas to be at a disadvantage insofar...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make such rules and regulations as may be necessary for carrying out the provisions of this subchapter. ...


The term ''State'' means the States of the Union, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. ...


...


It is the policy of Congress to continue the agricultural research at State agricultural experiment stations which has been encouraged and supported by the Hatch Act of 1887 (7...


It is further the policy of the Congress to promote the efficient production, marketing, distribution, and utilization of products of the farm as essential to the health and...


(a) Authorization There are authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of sections 361a to 361i of this title such sums as Congress may from time to time determine to...


Moneys appropriated pursuant to sections 361a to 361i of this title shall also be available, in addition to meeting expenses for research and investigations conducted under...


Sums available for allotment to the States under the terms of sections 361a to 361i of this title, excluding the Multistate Research Fund, State Agricultural Experiment...


Bulletins, reports, periodicals, reprints of articles, and other publications necessary for the dissemination of results of the researches and experiments, including lists...


(a) Duties of Secretary The Secretary of Agriculture is charged with the responsibility for the proper administration of sections 361a to 361i of this title, and is authorized...


Nothing in sections 361a to 361i of this title shall be construed to impair or modify the legal relation existing between any of the colleges or universities under whose...


The Congress may at any time, amend, suspend, or repeal any or all of the provisions of sections 361a to 361i of this title. ...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture may furnish to such institutions or individuals as may care to buy them copies of the card index of agricultural literature prepared by the Department...


There is authorized to be appropriated the sum of $50,000 to enable the Secretary of Agriculture to cooperate with the South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station and/or...


There is authorized to be appropriated each fiscal year necessary appropriations to enable the Secretary of Agriculture to carry on the cooperative experiments contemplated by...


...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to cause such shade, ornamental, fruit, and shelter-belt trees, shrubs, vines, and vegetables as are adapted to the...


There is authorized to be appropriated each fiscal year necessary appropriations to enable the Secretary of Agriculture to carry on the experiments contemplated by section 387 of...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to cause such shade, ornamental, fruit, and shelter-belt trees, shrubs, and vines as are adapted to the conditions and needs...


There is authorized to be appropriated each fiscal year necessary appropriations to enable the Secretary of Agriculture to carry on the experiments contemplated by section 388 of...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, at such times as he deems appropriate, to convey by appropriate conveyances, without consideration, the interest of the United States...


Conveyances or patents under this section and section 389 of this title shall be upon such conditions as in the opinion of the Secretary of Agriculture will assure the use of...


In this subchapter: (1) Agricultural research facility The term ''agricultural research facility'' means a proposed facility for research in food and agricultural...


(a) Submission to Secretary Each proposal for an agricultural research facility shall be submitted to the Secretary for review. The Secretary shall review the proposals in...


(a) Establishment Not later than 6 months after April 4, 1996, the Secretary shall establish a task force, to be known as the ''Strategic Planning Task Force''. The task...


The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) and title XVIII of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2281 et seq.) shall not apply to a panel or board created...


(a) In general Subject to subsection (b) of this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary for each of fiscal years 1996 through 2002 for...


There shall be in the Department of Agriculture a Bureau of Animal Industry. The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to appoint a chief thereof, who shall be a...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to prepare and sell at cost such pathological and zoological specimens as he may deem of scientific or educational value to scientists...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, in his discretion, to pay employees of the Bureau of Animal Industry employed in establishments subject to the provisions of the...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to pay employees of the Bureau of Animal Industry employed in establishments subject to the provisions of section 157 of title 21, for...


Fees shall be charged for all diagnoses in connection with rabies, except those performed for agencies of the United States Government, in such amounts as the Secretary...


The Secretary of Agriculture upon application of any exporter, importer, packer, or owner of, or the agent thereof, or dealer in, livestock, hides, skins, meat, or other...


...


There is established in the Department of Agriculture a bureau to be known as the ''Bureau of Dairy Industry.'' ...


A Chief of the Bureau of Dairy Industry shall be appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture, who shall be subject to the general direction of the Secretary of Agriculture. He...


For the purpose of enabling the Secretary of Agriculture and the Chief of the Bureau of Dairy Industry to carry out the purposes of this chapter, the Secretary of Agriculture...


For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this chapter and the activities of the Bureau of Dairy Industry, such sums of money as Congress may deem necessary are authorized...


...


...


On and after October 18, 1986, no funds available to the Department of Agriculture shall be available to publish estimates of apple production for other than the commercial crop. ...


...


...


On and after August 31, 1951, there may be transferred to appropriations available for classing or grading any agricultural commodity without charge to the producers thereof such...


Purchase and distribution of vegetable, field, and flower seeds, plants, shrubs, vines, bulbs, and cuttings shall be of the freshest and best obtainable varieties and adapted...


...


There is authorized to be appropriated for expenditure by the Secretary of Agriculture, for the purposes stated in section 415c of this title, all funds prior to or after May...


The funds referred to in section 415b of this title may be used for the purpose of acquiring and diffusing among the people of the United States useful information relative to...


The Secretary of Agriculture may make such rules and regulations as he deems advisable for carrying out any of the provisions of sections 415b and 415c of this title. All...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to sell samples, illustrations, practical forms, or sets of the grades recommended or promulgated by him for farm or food products,...


The Secretary of Agriculture, after due advertisement and on competitive bids, is authorized to award the contract for the supplying of printed packets and envelopes and...


In the distribution of farmers' bulletins, which shall be adapted to the interests of the people of the different sections of the country, an equal proportion of four-fifths shall...


There shall be prepared by the Department of Agriculture an annual report on the work and expenditures of the agricultural experiment stations established under the Act of Congress...


...


In the performance of the duties required of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics in the administration or enforcement of provisions of Acts (United States Cotton Futures...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to establish at Mandan, North Dakota, a dairying and livestock experiment station, in connection with the Great...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to establish at or near Lewisburg, Tennessee, a dairying station for investigations, experiments, and demonstrations in...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Commerce are authorized to engage in technical and scientific research in American-grown cotton and its byproducts and their...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to investigate the ginning of cotton; to establish and maintain experimental ginning plants and laboratories; and to make such...


For the purposes of section 424 of this title there is authorized to be appropriated, after June 30, 1931, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums...


The Secretary of Agriculture may conduct a program of wildlife services with respect to injurious animal species and take any action the Secretary considers necessary in...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make such expenditures for equipment, supplies, and materials, including the employment of persons and means in the District of...


On and after December 22, 1987, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, except for urban rodent control, to conduct activities and to enter into agreements with States,...


It is declared to be the policy of the Congress to promote the efficient production and utilization of products of the soil as essential to the health and welfare of our people and...


...


(a) In order to carry out further research on utilization and associated problems in connection with the development and application of present, new, and extended uses...


...


...


(a) The Department of Agriculture is authorized to acquire land, or interest therein, by purchase, exchange or otherwise, as may be necessary to carry out its authorized...


In order to reduce fertilizer and herbicide usage in excess of production needs, to develop wheat and feed grain varieties more susceptible to complete fertilizer utilization, and...


(a) Regional and national research programs; rules; purposes The Secretary of Agriculture may, under rules prescribed by such Secretary, carry out regional and national...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cooperate with State authorities and with the authorities of the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico in...


The Secretary of Agriculture may purchase in the open market from applicable appropriations samples of all tuberculin, serums, antitoxins, or analogous products, of foreign...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to expend appropriations for meat inspection for the purchase of printed tags, labels, stamps, and certificates without regard to existing ...


The Secretary of Agriculture may purchase from applicable appropriations cultures in the open market for use in connection with soil and fertilizer investigations. ...


For the purposes of all classification and administration of Acts of Congress, Executive orders, administrative orders, and regulations pertaining to - (a) fox, rabbit,...


(a) All the functions of the Secretary of the Interior and the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior, which affect the breeding, raising, producing,...


...


In the interests of economy and efficiency, the records, property, real and personal, and civilian personnel of the Remount Service of the Quartermaster Corps, Department of the...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to receive the property transferred by section 436 of this title and is directed to administer it in such manner as he deems will...


...


For the purpose of assuring their operation for the production of products from agricultural commodities in order to provide a means of discharging the responsibility of...


In carrying out the purposes of sections 439 to 439e of this title the Secretary is authorized, upon such terms and conditions as he deems reasonable, and notwithstanding...


Whenever the Secretary finds that the operation of any plant or plants as provided in sections 439 to 439e of this title is no longer necessary or desirable, he shall report such...


For the purposes of sections 439 to 439e of this title, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized (a) to construct and provide additional facilities and equipment necessary to...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall assume all obligations of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation covering operations of the Muscatine, Iowa, plant, equipment, facilities,...


There are authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of sections 439 to 439e of this title such sums as the Congress may from time to time determine to be necessary. Also,...


On and after June 29, 1949, appropriations available for classing or grading any agricultural commodity without charge to the producers thereof may be reimbursed...


...


For the purpose of preventing crop damage by migratory waterfowl, the Commodity Credit Corporation shall make available to the Secretary of the Interior such wheat, corn, or...


Upon a finding by the Secretary of the Interior that any area in the United States is threatened with damage to farmers' crops by migratory waterfowl, whether or not during the...


With respect to all grain made available pursuant to section 443 of this title, the Commodity Credit Corporation shall be reimbursed by the Secretary of the Interior for its...


There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to reimburse the Commodity Credit Corporation for its investment in the grain transferred pursuant to...


...


For the purpose of meeting emergency situations caused by adverse weather conditions or other factors destructive of important wildlife resources, the States are authorized, upon...


Upon a finding by the Secretary of the Interior that migratory birds are threatened with starvation in any area of the United States, the Secretary is authorized to requisition...


There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to reimburse the Commodity Credit Corporation for its investment in grain transferred pursuant to sections 447...


In order to avoid duplication of functions, facilities, and personnel, and to attain closer coordination and greater effectiveness and economy in administration of Federal and State ...


On and after December 30, 1963, the Administrator of the Agricultural Research Service may enter into agreements with and receive funds from any State, other political subdivision, ...


In carrying on the activities of the Department of Agriculture involving cooperation with State, county, and municipal agencies, associations of farmers, individual...


As used in sections 450c to 450g of this title - (a) The term ''regulatory order'' means an order, marketing agreement, standard, permit, license, registration, suspension or ...


Whenever the Secretary of Agriculture deems that the delegation of the whole or any part of any regulatory function which the Secretary is, now or after April 4, 1940, required...


Whenever a delegation is made under section 450d of this title, all provisions of law shall be construed as if the regulatory function or the part thereof delegated had (to the...


The provisions of section 450d of this title shall not be deemed to prohibit the delegation, under authority of any other provision of law, of the whole or any part of any...


There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of sections 450c to 450g of this title. ...


...


(a) Establishment of grant program (1) In order to promote research in food, agriculture, and related areas, a research grants program is hereby established in the Department...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make indemnity payments for milk or cows producing such milk at a fair market value, to dairy farmers who have been directed...


There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of sections 450j to 450l of this title. ...


The authority granted under sections 450j to 450l of this title shall expire on September 30, 1995. ...


When used in this chapter the term ''agricultural products'' means agricultural, horticultural, viticultural, and dairy products, livestock and the products thereof, the products of ...


The division of cooperative marketing shall be under the direction and supervision of the Secretary of Agriculture. ...


(a) The division shall render service to associations of producers of agricultural products, and federations and subsidiaries thereof, engaged in the cooperative marketing of ...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, in his discretion, to call advisers to counsel with him and/or his representatives relative to specific problems of cooperative...


Persons engaged, as original producers of agricultural products, such as farmers, planters, ranchmen, dairymen, nut or fruit growers, acting together in associations, corporate...


The Secretary of Agriculture may make such rules and regulations as may be deemed advisable to carry out the provisions of this chapter and may cooperate with any department or...


If any provision of this chapter is declared unconstitutional or the applicability thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to collect and publish annually, on dates to be announced by him, statistics or estimates concerning the grades and...


The information furnished by any individual establishment under the provisions of this chapter shall be considered as strictly confidential and shall be used only for the...


It shall be the duty of every owner, president, treasurer, secretary, director, or other officer or agent of any cotton warehouse, cotton ginnery, cotton mill, or other place or ...


Effective for each of fiscal years 1992 through 2002, the Secretary of Agriculture shall make cotton classification services available to producers of cotton and shall provide...


The Secretary of Agriculture is also authorized and directed to collect, authenticate, publish, and distribute, by telegraph, radio, mail, or otherwise, timely information on...


The Secretary of Agriculture is further authorized to make such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary to effectuate the purposes of this chapter. ...


It shall be unlawful - (a) for any person sampling cotton for classification under this chapter knowingly to sample cotton improperly, or to identify cotton...


Any person violating any provision of section 473c-1 of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not more than $1,000, or imprisoned...


In construing and enforcing the provisions of this chapter, the act, omission, or failure of any agent, officer, or other person acting for or employed by an individual,...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make analyses of fiber properties, spinning tests, and other tests of the quality of cotton samples submitted to him by cotton...


The Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, any State, Territory, District, or possession, or department, agency, or...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall cause to be issued a report on or before the 12th day of July of each year showing by States and in toto the estimated acreage of cotton planted,...


After June 30, 1927, any person, firm, association, or corporation receiving any fruits, vegetables, melons, dairy, or poultry products or any perishable farm products of any kind...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to enforce this chapter. It is made the duty of all United States attorneys to prosecute cases arising under this...


The Secretary of Agriculture may make such rules and regulations as he may deem advisable to carry out the provisions of this chapter and may cooperate with any department or...


There is authorized to be appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary after the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1927...


This chapter shall not abrogate nor nullify any other statute, whether State or Federal, dealing with the same subjects as this chapter, but it is intended that all such...


If any provision of this chapter is declared unconstitutional or the applicability thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the...


(a) Short title This chapter may be cited as the ''Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act, 1930''. (b) Definitions For purposes of this chapter: (1) The...


It shall be unlawful in or in connection with any transaction in interstate or foreign commerce: (1) For any commission merchant, dealer, or broker to engage in or use...


(a) In general In the case of a perishable agricultural commodity (as defined under the Perishable Agricultural Commodity Act (7 U.S.C. 499a(4)) - (FOOTNOTE 1) (FOOTNOTE...


(a) License required; penalties for violations After December 10, 1930, no person shall at any time carry on the business of a commission merchant dealer, or broker without a ...


(a) Authority to do business; termination; renewal Whenever an applicant has paid the prescribed fee the Secretary, except as provided elsewhere in this chapter, shall issue to such ...


(a) Amount of damages If any commission merchant, dealer, or broker violates any provision of section 499b of this title he shall be liable to the person or persons...


(a) Reparation complaints (1) Petition; process Any person complaining of any violation of any provision of section 499b of this title by any commission merchant,...


(a) Determination by Secretary of Agriculture of amount of damages; order for payment If after a hearing on a complaint made by any person under section 499f of this title,...


(a) Authority of Secretary Whenever (1) the Secretary determines, as provided in section 499f of this title, that any commission merchant, dealer, or broker has violated any...


Every commission merchant, dealer, and broker shall keep such accounts, records, and memoranda as fully and correctly disclose all transactions involved in his business, including...


Any order of the Secretary under this chapter other than an order for the payment of money shall take effect within such reasonable time, not less than ten days, as is prescribed...


For the purposes of this chapter the provisions of all laws relating to the suspending or restraining of the enforcement, operation, or execution, or the setting-aside, in whole or...


The Secretary may report any violation of this chapter for which a civil penalty is provided to the Attorney General of the United States, who shall cause appropriate proceedings...


(a) Investigation by Secretary of Agriculture; inspection of accounts, records, and memoranda; penalty for refusing inspection The Secretary or his duly authorized...


(a) Employment of inspectors; fees and expenses; inspection certificate as evidence The Secretary is authorized, independently and in cooperation with other branches of...


The Secretary may make such rules, regulations, and orders as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter, and may cooperate with any department or agency of...


In construing and enforcing the provisions of this chapter, the act, omission, or failure of any agent, officer, or other person acting for or employed by any commission...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of...


...


Any unexpended balances of appropriations for the current fiscal year, and any subsequent appropriations, made to carry out the Acts referred to in section 499c(b) of this title,...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to collect and publish statistics of the quantity of leaf tobacco in all forms in the United States and Puerto Rico, owned...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish standards for the classification of leaf tobacco, and he is authorized to demonstrate such standards, to prepare and distribute...


It shall be the duty of every dealer, manufacturer, quasi-manufacturer, growers' cooperative association, warehouseman, broker, holder, or owner, other than the original...


The word ''person'' as used in this chapter shall be held to embrace also any partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity. ...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall have access to the tobacco records of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue and of the several collectors of internal revenue for the purpose...


The returns provided for in this chapter shall be made under oath before a collector or deputy collector of internal revenue, a postmaster, assistant postmaster, or anyone...


The information furnished under the provisions of this chapter shall be used only for the statistical purposes for which it is supplied. No publication shall be made by the...


If any provision of this chapter is declared unconstitutional or the applicability thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of...


...


When used in this chapter - (a) ''Person'' includes partnerships, associations, and corporations, as well as individuals. (b) ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of...


Transactions in tobacco involving the sale thereof at auction as commonly conducted at auction markets are affected with a public interest; such transactions are carried on by...


The Secretary is authorized to investigate the sorting, handling, conditioning, inspection, and marketing of tobacco from time to time, and to establish standards for tobacco by...


The Secretary is authorized to demonstrate the official standards; to prepare and distribute, upon request, samples, illustrations, or sets thereof; and to make reasonable charges ...


The Secretary is authorized to designate those auction markets where tobacco bought and sold thereon at auction, or the products customarily manufactured therefrom, moves in...


The Secretary, independently or in cooperation with other branches of the Government, State agencies, or persons whether operating in one or more jurisdictions, is authorized...


The Secretary shall provide for such reinspection or appeal inspection of tobacco as he may deem necessary for the confirmation or reversal of certificates issued under this chapter....


Warehousemen shall provide space on warehouse tickets or other tags or labels used by them for showing the grade of the lot covered thereby as determined by an authorized...


The Secretary is authorized to collect, publish, and distribute, by telegraph, mail, or otherwise without cost to the grower, timely information on the market supply and...


It shall be unlawful - (a) For any person to use the words ''United States'', ''Government'', or ''Federal'' or any abbreviation thereof, in, or in connection with,...


The Secretary is authorized to publish the facts regarding any violation of this chapter. ...


Any person violating any provision of sections 511d and 511i of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not more than $1,000,...


In construing and enforcing the provisions of this chapter; (FOOTNOTE 1) the act; (FOOTNOTE 1) omission, or failure of any agent, officer, or other person acting for or employed...


The Secretary is authorized to make such rules and regulations and hold such hearings as he may deem necessary to effectuate the purposes of this chapter and may cooperate with...


In carrying on the work authorized in this chapter, the Secretary, or any officer or employee designated by him for such purpose, shall have power to hold hearings, administer...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of...


Any duties devolving upon the Secretary of Agriculture by virtue of the provisions of this chapter may with like force and effect be executed by such officer or officers, agent...


This chapter may be cited as ''The Tobacco Inspection Act.'' ...


(a) Inspection for grade and quality; exception Notwithstanding any other provision of law - (1) All tobacco offered for importation into the United States, except...


(1) In general Not later than March 31, 2002, the Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the ''Secretary'') shall conduct referenda among producers of each...


The Congress of the United States of America consents that any of the States in which tobacco is produced may negotiate a compact or compacts for the purpose of regulating...


As used in this chapter, unless otherwise stated or unless the context or subject matter clearly indicates otherwise - ''Person'' means any individual, partnership, joint-stock ...


The Secretary is authorized to make advances from time to time, from the funds provided in section 515f of this title, to the tobacco commission established by the State act of...


The Secretary shall upon the request of the Commission of any compacting State, designate such tobacco producers or other persons engaged in the tobacco industry and such officials...


The Secretary, from the funds provided in section 515f of this title, is authorized to make loans for administrative purposes, upon terms and conditions stipulated by him, to...


The Secretary is authorized, upon the request of the commission of any compacting State, or at the request of any association referred to in section 515d of this title, to...


(a) For the purpose of administering this chapter there is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Agriculture the sum of $300,000, or so much thereof as may be...


All funds available for carrying out this chapter shall be available for allotment to the bureaus and offices of the Department of Agriculture and for transfer to such other...


If, pursuant to this chapter, any compact entered into among three or more of the States of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Wisconsin, Massachusetts, Florida, and Connecticut, becomes...


Any receipts by the Secretary under section 515h of this title shall be held in a separate fund and used by the Secretary for the purpose of paying administrative expenses...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, shall be held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and the application...


The Secretary shall prescribe such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. ...


...


...


...


...


It shall be unlawful for any person to ship or offer for shipment or for any carrier, or any steamship company, or any person to transport or receive for transportation to any...


The Secretary shall give reasonable notice through one or more trade papers of the effective date of standards of export established or designated by him under this chapter:...


Where the government of the country to which the shipment is to be made has standards or requirements as to condition of apples, the Secretary may in addition to inspection...


Apples in less than carload lots as defined by the Secretary may, in his discretion, be shipped to any foreign country without complying with the provisions of this chapter. ...


For inspecting and certifying the grade, quality, and/or condition of apples, the Secretary shall cause to be collected a reasonable fee which shall as nearly as may be cover the...


After opportunity for hearing the Secretary is authorized to refuse the issuance of certificates under this chapter for periods not exceeding ninety days to any person who ships...


The Secretary may make such rules, regulations, and orders as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter, and may cooperate with any department or agency of...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of...


When used in this chapter - (1) The term ''person'' includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, and associations. (2) The term ''Secretary of Agriculture''...


There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for the administration of this chapter. ...


It shall be unlawful for any person to ship or offer for shipment or for any carrier, or any steamship company, or any person to transport or receive for transportation to any...


The Secretary shall give reasonable notice through one or more trade papers of the effective date of standards of export established or designated by him under this chapter:...


Where the government of the country to which the shipment is to be made has standards or requirements as to condition of grapes and plums the Secretary may in addition to...


The Secretary may, by regulation, exempt from compliance with the provisions of this chapter (1) any variety or varieties of grapes and plums, and (2) the shipment of such...


For inspecting and certifying the grade, quality, or condition of grapes or plums the Secretary shall cause to be collected a reasonable fee which shall, as nearly as may be,...


After opportunity for hearing the Secretary is authorized to refuse the issuance of certificates under this chapter for periods not exceeding ninety days to any person who ships...


The Secretary may make such rules, regulations, and orders, and require such reports, as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter, and may cooperate with...


If any provision of the chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of...


When used in this chapter - (1) The term ''person'' includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, and associations. (2) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary...


It is declared that the disruption of the orderly exchange of commodities in interstate commerce impairs the purchasing power of farmers and destroys the value of agricultural...


It is declared to be the policy of Congress - (1) Through the exercise of the powers conferred upon the Secretary of Agriculture under this chapter, to establish and ...


The Farm Credit Administration and all departments and other agencies of the Government, not including the Federal intermediate credit banks are directed - (a) To sell to...


(a) The Secretary of Agriculture shall have authority to borrow money upon all cotton in his possession or control and may, at his discretion, deposit as collateral for such loans...


...


...


The Secretary shall sell cotton held or acquired by him pursuant to authority of this chapter at his discretion subject only to the conditions and limitations of this...


(1) Investigations; proclamation of findings Whenever the Secretary of Agriculture has reason to believe that: (a) The current average farm price for any basic agricultural ...


...


(1) to (4) Omitted (5) Forfeitures Any person exceeding any quota or allotment fixed for him under this chapter by the Secretary of Agriculture and any other person ...


...


(a) In order to effectuate the declared policy of this chapter, the Secretary of Agriculture shall have the power, after due notice and opportunity for hearing, to enter...


(1) Issuance by Secretary The Secretary of Agriculture shall, subject to the provisions of this section, issue, and from time to time amend, orders applicable to...


...


(1) All parties to any marketing agreement, and all handlers subject to an order, shall severally, from time to time, upon the request of the Secretary, furnish him with...


...


(a) Import prohibitions on tomatoes, avocados, limes, etc. Subject to the provisions of subsections (c) and (d) of this section and notwithstanding any other provision of...


...


(a) To obtain revenue for extraordinary expenses incurred by reason of the national economic emergency, there shall be levied processing taxes as hereinafter provided. When...


(a) Appointment of officers and employees; impounding appropriations The Secretary of Agriculture may appoint such officers and employees, subject to the provisions of...


As used in this chapter, the term ''basic agricultural commodity'' means wheat, rye, flax, barley, cotton, field corn, grain sorghums, hogs, cattle, rice, potatoes, tobacco,...


(a) There is appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $100,000,000 to be available to the Secretary of Agriculture for...


...


There is appropriated for each fiscal year beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 1936 an amount equal to 30 per centum of the gross receipts from duties collected under...


On and after December 30, 1963, such sums (not in excess of $25,000,000 in any one year) as may be approved by the Congress shall be available for the purpose of increasing domestic ...


The Department of Agriculture shall provide technical support to exporters and importers of United States agricultural products when so requested. Such support shall include, but...


...


This chapter shall cease to be in effect whenever the President finds and proclaims that the national economic emergency in relation to agriculture has been ended; and pending...


...


If any provision of this chapter is declared unconstitutional, or the applicability thereof to any person, circumstance, or commodity is held invalid the validity of the remainder...


(a) If at any time the Secretary of Agriculture finds, upon investigation and after due notice and opportunity for hearing to interested parties, that any class of products of...


(a) Upon the sale or other disposition of any article processed wholly or in chief value from any commodity with respect to which a processing tax is to be levied, that on the...


(a) Upon the exportation to any foreign country (and/or to the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the Canal Zone, and the island of Guam) of any product processed wholly or partly from...


(a) If (1) any processor, jobber, or wholesaler has, prior to the date a tax with respect to any commodity is first imposed under this chapter, made a bona fide contract of sale...


(a) The taxes provided in this chapter shall be collected by the Bureau of Internal Revenue under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury. Such taxes shall be paid into...


The processing tax authorized by section 609 of this title, when levied upon cotton, shall be payable ninety days after the filing of the processor's report: Provided, That,...


(a) Whoever in connection with the purchase of, or offer to purchase, any commodity, subject to any tax under this chapter, or which is to be subjected to any tax under this...


The provisions of section 616 of this title, shall not apply to articles of machinery belting processed wholly or in chief value from cotton, if such processing was completed prior...


...


(a) Action to restrain collection of tax or obtain declaratory judgment forbidden No suit, action, or proceeding (including probate, administration, and...


(a) Whenever the Secretary of Agriculture has reason to believe that any article or articles are being or are practically certain to be imported into the United States under...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall review, pursuant to section 624 of this title, the effects of imports of Burley tobacco on the Department of Agriculture's Burley...


(a) Compilation and report on imports The Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, the International Trade Commission, the United States ...


(a) Pilot program required Not later than 90 days after November 29, 1999, the Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a temporary pilot program under which milk producers...


...


(a) Application The Secretary of Agriculture, or such officer or employee of the Department of Agriculture as may be designated by him, upon written application of any...


(a) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as invalidating any marketing agreement, license, or order, or any regulation relating to, or any provision of, or any act of the...


No processing taxes or compensating taxes shall be levied or collected under the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), as amended. Except as provided in the...


This Act may be cited as the ''Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937''. ...


...


...


...


...


...


...


It is declared to be the policy of Congress to insure the maintenance of an adequate supply of anti-hog-cholera serum and hog-cholera virus by regulating the marketing of such...


In order to effectuate the policy declared in section 851 of this title the Secretary of Agriculture shall have the power, after due notice and opportunity for hearing, to enter...


Marketing agreements entered into pursuant to section 852 of this title shall contain such one or more of the following terms and conditions and no others as the Secretary finds,...


Whenever all the handlers of not less than 75 per centum of the volume of anti-hog-cholera serum and hog-cholera virus which is handled in the current of interstate or...


Subject to the policy declared in section 851 of this title, the provisions of subsections (6) to (9) of section 608a and of subsections (14) and (15) of section 608c of this...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Rural Electrification Act of 1936''. ...


(a) Loans The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this chapter as the ''Secretary'') is authorized and empowered to make loans in the several States and Territories of...


There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this chapter. ...


The Secretary is authorized and empowered, from the sums hereinbefore authorized, to make loans for rural electrification to persons, corporations, States, Territories,...


...


For the purpose of administering this chapter and for the purpose of making the studies, investigations, publications, and reports herein provided for, there is authorized to...


No funds provided under this chapter shall be used outside the United States or any of its territories. ...


The Secretary is authorized and empowered to bid for and purchase at any foreclosure or other sale, or otherwise to acquire, property pledged or mortgaged to secure any loan...


...


This chapter shall be administered entirely on a nonpartisan basis, and in the appointment of officials, the selection of employees, and in the promotion of any such officials...


...


In order to carry out the provisions of this chapter the Secretary may accept and utilize such voluntary and uncompensated services of Federal, State, and local officers and...


...


(a) The Secretary is authorized and empowered to extend the time of payment of interest or principal of any loans made by the Secretary pursuant to this chapter, except that,...


In addition to the loan extension authority provided in section 912 of this title, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to adjust and readjust the schedules for payment...


As used in this chapter the term ''rural area'', except as provided in section 924(b) of this title, shall be deemed to mean any area of the United States not included within...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter and the application of such provision...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to purchase such financial and credit reports as may be necessary to carry out the Secretary's authorized work: Provided, That...


In order to insure coordination of electric generation and transmission financing under this chapter with the national energy policy, the Secretary in making or guaranteeing loans...


(a) Prohibition Assistance under any rural development program administered by the Secretary or any agency of the Department of Agriculture shall not be conditioned on...


(a) No consideration of borrower's level of general funds The Secretary and the Governor of the telephone bank shall not deny or reduce any loan or loan advance under this...


(a) In general The Secretary, acting through the Rural Utilities Service, may - (1) in coordination with State rural development initiatives, make grants and loans...


On and after November 28, 2001, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service shall use the authorities provided in the...


It is declared to be the policy of the Congress that adequate telephone service be made generally available in rural areas through the improvement and expansion of existing...


It is hereby declared to be the policy of the Congress that the growing capital needs of the rural telephone systems require the establishment of a rural telephone bank which...


It is hereby declared to be the policy of the Congress that the Rural Telephone Bank should have the capability of obtaining adequate funds for its supplementary financing program...


From such sums as are from time to time made available by the Congress to the Secretary for such purpose, pursuant to section 903 of this title, the Secretary is authorized...


Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to deprive any State commission, board, or other agency of jurisdiction, under any State law, now or hereafter effective,...


(a) As used in this subchapter, the term ''telephone service'' shall be deemed to mean any communication service for the transmission or reception of voice, data, sounds, signals, ...


The Secretary and the Governor of the telephone bank may not, as a condition of making a telephone loan to an applicant therefor, require the applicant to - (1) increase...


(a) In general The Secretary and the Governor of the telephone bank shall not - (1) treat any amount invested by any qualified telephone borrower for any purpose...


(a) Duties The Secretary and the Governor of the telephone bank shall - (1) notwithstanding section 553(a)(2) of title 5, cause to be published in the Federal Register,...


Within ten days after the end of the second and fourth calendar quarters of each year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture and the Committee on...


It is hereby declared to be the policy of the Congress that adequate funds should be made available to rural electric and telephone systems through direct, insured and...


There is hereby established in the Treasury of the United States a fund, to be known as the Rural Electrification and Telephone Revolving Fund (hereinafter referred to as...


On and after October 28, 1991, no funds in this Act or any other Act shall be available to carry out loan programs under the Rural Electrification and Telephone Revolving Fund...


(a) Liabilities and obligations of fund The notes of the Secretary to the Secretary of the Treasury to obtain funds for loans under sections 904, 905, (FOOTNOTE 1) and 922 of...


Moneys in the fund shall remain on deposit in the Treasury of the United States until disbursed. ...


(a) The Secretary is authorized to make and issue interim notes to the Secretary of the Treasury for the purpose of obtaining funds necessary for discharging obligations of the...


(a) In general The Secretary is authorized to make insured loans under this subchapter and at the interest rates hereinafter provided to the full extent of the assets available...


The Secretary may provide financial assistance to borrowers for purposes provided in this chapter by guaranteeing loans, in the full amount thereof, made by the Rural Telephone...


(a) Conditions for prepayment Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, a borrower of a loan made by the Federal Financing Bank and guaranteed under section 936...


(a) Discounted prepayment by borrowers of electric loans (1) In general Except as provided in paragraph (2), a direct or insured loan made under this chapter shall not...


(a) In general A borrower of a loan made by the Federal Financing Bank and guaranteed under section 936 of this title may, at the option of the borrower, refinance or prepay...


For the purpose of determining the eligibility of a distribution borrower not in default on the repayment of a loan made or guaranteed under this chapter for a loan, loan...


(a) In general For the purpose of relieving borrowers of unnecessary and burdensome requirements, the Secretary, guided by the practices of private lenders with respect to...


When it appears to the Secretary that the loan applicant is able to obtain a loan for part of his credit needs from a responsible cooperative or other credit source at...


Any contract of insurance or guarantee executed by the Secretary under this subchapter shall be an obligation supported by the full faith and credit of the United States...


Loans made from or insured through the fund shall be for the same purposes and on the same terms and conditions as are provided for loans in subchapters I and II of this...


At the request of the borrower, the Secretary is authorized and directed to refinance with loans which will be insured under this chapter at the interest rates provided in section...


...


A borrower of an insured or guaranteed electric loan under this chapter may, without restriction or prior approval of the Secretary, invest its own funds or make loans or...


(a) Establishment (1) In general The Secretary shall develop and promote a program to encourage borrowers to voluntarily make deposits into cushion of credit ...


(a) ''Adjustment percentage'' defined As used in this section, the term ''adjustment percentage'' means, with respect to a fiscal year, the percentage (if any) by which - ...


(a) Establishment There is hereby established a body corporate to be known as the Rural Telephone Bank (hereinafter called the telephone bank). (b) General purposes ...


To carry out the specific powers herein authorized, the telephone bank shall have power to (a) adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal; (b) sue and be sued in its corporate name;...


Until the ownership, control, and operation of the telephone bank is converted as provided in section 950(a) of this title and not thereafter - (a) Supervision and direction...


Subject to the provisions of section 950 of this title, the Secretary shall designate an official of the Department of Agriculture who shall serve as the chief executive officer...


Notwithstanding the exemption contained in section 553(a)(2) of title 5, the Governor of the telephone bank shall cause to be published in the Federal Register, in accordance...


(a) In general The management of the telephone bank, within the limitations prescribed by law, shall be vested in a board of directors (in this subchapter referred to as...


(a) Federal and borrower subscriptions; Federal limitation; report to President, transmittal to Congress; net collection proceeds The telephone bank's capital shall consist...


(a) The telephone bank is authorized to obtain funds through the public or private sale of its bonds, debentures, notes, and other evidences of indebtedness (herein...


(a) Loans for prescribed purposes; requisite conditions The Governor of the telephone bank shall make loans on behalf of the telephone bank, to the extent that there are qualifying ...


Any receipts from the activities of the telephone bank shall be available for all obligations and expenditures of the telephone bank. ...


(a) Transfer of powers and authority from Secretary of Agriculture to Telephone Bank Board; cessation of Presidential appointees as Board members and reduction in number...


In the case of liquidation or dissolution of the telephone bank, after the payment or retirement, as the case may be, first, of all liabilities; second, of all class A stock at...


Except as provided in subsection (b)(2) of section 948 of this title, notwithstanding any other provision of law, a loan shall not be made under section 922 of this title to...


The Secretary shall - (1) provide advice and guidance to electric borrowers under this chapter concerning the effective and prudent use by such borrowers of the...


...


The purpose of this chapter is to encourage and improve telemedicine services and distance learning services in rural areas through the use of telecommunications, computer...


In this chapter: (1) Construct The term ''construct'' means to construct, acquire, install, improve, or extend a facility or system. (2) Cost of money loan ...


(a) Services to rural areas The Secretary may provide financial assistance for the purpose of financing the construction of facilities and systems to provide telemedicine...


(a) Nonduplication The Secretary shall ensure that facilities constructed using financial assistance provided under this chapter do not duplicate adequate established...


Not later than 180 days after April 4, 1996, the Secretary shall issue regulations to carry out this chapter. ...


There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this chapter $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1996 through 2002. ...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to collect and publish statistics of raw peanuts, shelled, unshelled, and crushed, and peanut oil, in the United...


...


It shall be the duty of each warehouseman, broker, cleaner, sheller, dealer, growers' cooperative association, crusher, salter, manufacturer of peanut products, and owner other...


The Secretary is authorized to establish and promulgate grades and standards for the classification of peanuts, whenever in his discretion he may see fit. ...


The information furnished under the provisions of this chapter shall be used only for the statistical purposes for which it is supplied. No publication shall be made by the...


The Secretary may make rules and regulations as may be necessary in the administration of this chapter and may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, any...


When used in this chapter - (1) The term ''person'' includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, and associations; (2) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary...


...


Sections 1001 to 1006, 1006c to 1006e, 1007, 1008 to 1010, 1011, 1012, and 1013 to 1029 of this title may be cited as ''The Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act.'' ...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make a loan or loans for any purpose authorized by and in accordance with the terms of the Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act, as amended,...


Any entry or purchase contract land with respect to which a loan is made under the authority of this section and section 1006a of this title shall be subject to cancellation by...


...


...


...


...


The Secretary is authorized and directed to develop a program of land conservation and land utilization, in order thereby to correct maladjustments in land use, and thus assist...


In recognition of the increasing need for soil, water, and related source data for land conservation, use, and development, for guidance of community development for a...


To effectuate the program provided for in section 1010 of this title, the Secretary is authorized - (a) Repealed. Pub. L. 87-703, title I, Sec. 102(b), Sept. 27, 1962, 76...


As soon as practicable after the end of each calendar year, the Secretary shall pay to the county in which any land is held by the Secretary under this subchapter, 25 per centum...


When the Secretary of Agriculture determines that a tract of National Forest System land in Alaska or in the eleven contiguous Western States is located adjacent to or contiguous...


...


The provisions of this subchapter shall extend to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. In the case of Alaska, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, the term ''county'' as used in...


...


...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture and the Governor of the Farm Credit Administration are directed, wherever practicable, to make suitable arrangements whereby all field offices under...


Any conveyance of real estate by the Government or any Government agency under this Act shall include all mineral rights. ...


All rights, interests, obligations, and duties of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation arising out of loans made or authorized to be made to the Secretary of Agriculture for the ...


The Comptroller General of the United States is authorized and directed to allow credit in the accounts of disbursing and certifying officers for advances made in good faith on...


Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, the Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in sections 1033 to 1035 and 1037 to 1039 of this title as the ''Secretary'') is authorized...


Such mineral interests shall be sold only to private persons who shall apply therefor and who at the time of application are the owners of the surface of the land covered by...


In areas where the Secretary determines after consultation with the Department of the Interior and competent local authorities that there is no active mineral development or...


...


All proceeds from sales made under sections 1033 to 1039 of this title of mineral interests described in section 1033 of this title shall be covered into the Treasury of the...


The Secretary may make such rules and regulations and such delegations of authority as he may deem necessary to carry out the provisions of sections 1033 to 1039 of this title. ...


No application for the purchase of mineral interests under sections 1033 to 1039 of this title shall be filed until ninety days after September 6, 1950. ...


When authorized by appropriation or other law, funds of the Farmers' Home Administration available for administrative expenses may be placed in a single account. ...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


(a) Complaints by Secretary of Agriculture; notice of hearings The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make complaint to the Surface Transportation Board with respect to...


(a) Regional research laboratories The Secretary is authorized and directed to establish, equip, and maintain four regional research laboratories, one in each major farm...


...


(a) General definitions For the purposes of this subchapter and the declaration of policy - (1)(A) The ''parity price'' for any agricultural commodity, as of any...


All references in other laws to - (1) parity, (2) parity prices, (3) prices comparable to parity prices, or (4) prices to be determined in the same manner...


...


...


If and when appropriations are made therefor, the Secretary is authorized and directed to make payments to producers of corn, wheat, cotton, rice, or tobacco, on their...


The powers conferred under this chapter shall not be used to discourage the production of supplies of foods and fibers sufficient to maintain normal domestic human consumption as ...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary, upon the request of any agency of any State charged with the administration of the public lands of the State, may...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in the determination of farm yields the Secretary may use projected yields in lieu of normal yields. In the determination of such...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law - (1) The total amount of payments which a person shall be entitled to receive under one or more of the annual programs established by ...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law: (1) Limitation on payments under production flexibility contracts The total amount of contract payments made under the ...


(a) Prevention of creation of entities to qualify as separate persons For the purposes of preventing the use of multiple legal entities to avoid the effective application...


If the Secretary of Agriculture determines that any person has adopted a scheme or device to evade, or that has the purpose of evading, section 1308, 1308-1, or 1308-3 of this...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law: (a) In general Any person who is not a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted into the United States...


(a) In general The Secretary shall carry out a payment provisions education program for appropriate personnel of the Department of Agriculture and members and other personnel...


(a) In general Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in the event of a transfer of ownership of land (or an ownership interest in land) by way of devise or descent,...


(a) Authority of Secretary to take action Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever the Secretary of Agriculture determines that an action authorized under ...


(a) Authorized planted acreage for 1982 through 1995 crops of wheat and feed grains as prerequisite for loan, etc.; eligibility; determinations; records ...


(a) Determination of short supply; suspension of commercial export sales; parity price Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever the President or any other...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if the Secretary of Agriculture determines that the supply of wheat, corn, upland cotton, or rice for the marketing year for any of...


(a) The marketing of tobacco constitutes one of the greatest basic industries of the United States with ramifying activities which directly affect interstate and foreign commerce...


(a) Proclamation of quota The Secretary shall, not later than December 1 of any marketing year with respect to flue-cured tobacco, February 1 of any marketing year with respect...


(a) Apportionment among States The national marketing quota for tobacco established pursuant to the provisions of section 1312 of this title, less the amount to be allotted...


(a) Persons liable The marketing of (1) any kind of tobacco in excess of the marketing quota for the farm on which the tobacco is produced, or (2) any kind of tobacco that is...


(a) Penalty Effective for the 1982 and subsequent crops of tobacco, the marketing of floor sweepings of any kind of tobacco in excess of allowable floor sweepings shall be...


...


(a) Conditions for permission from Secretary; false statements; exceptions (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law - (A)(i) The Secretary, if the...


(a) Sale or forfeiture of acreage allotment or marketing quota by institutional farmowners not later than the later of December 1, 1984, or December 1 of year after year...


(a) Sale or forfeiture of marketing quota by institutional farmowners not later than the later of December 1, 1984, or December 1 of year after year in which farm acquired ...


(a) Definitions For purposes of this section - (1)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), ''national marketing quota'' for any kind of tobacco for a marketing year ...


(a) Sale or lease of acreage allotments and acreage-poundage quotas Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary, if he determines that it will not impair the...


(a) Proclamations and referenda regarding burley tobacco Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall, within thirty days following April 14, 1971,...


(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, effective with respect to the 1982 and subsequent crops of tobacco, any kind of tobacco for which marketing quotas are not in...


(a) Quantity of intended purchases; aggregation not to allow identification (1) Not later than December 1 of any marketing year with respect to Flue-cured tobacco (or, in...


(a) Statement of quantity purchased during marketing year (1) At the conclusion of each marketing year, on or before a date prescribed by the Secretary, each domestic manufacturer...


(a) Certification A domestic manufacturer of cigarettes shall certify to the Secretary, for each calendar year, the percentage of the quantity of tobacco used by the...


(a) In general Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may, subject to subsection (b) of this section, release marketing information submitted by...


The farm acreage allotment for burley tobacco for any year shall not be less than the smallest of (1) the allotment established for the farm for the immediately preceding year,...


Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 1314b(c) and 1314c(b) of this title, relating to transfer of allotments for years subsequent to 1965, whenever acreage-poundage quotas...


Corn is a basic source of food for the Nation, and corn produced in the commercial corn-producing area moves almost wholly in interstate and foreign commerce in the form of...


...


...


...


(a) Whenever in any county or other area the Secretary finds that the actual production of corn plus the amount of corn stored under seal in such county or other area is less than...


...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, acreage allotments and a commercial corn-producing area shall not be established for the 1959 and subsequent crops of corn. ...


...


Wheat is a basic source of food for the Nation, is produced throughout the United States by more than a million farmers, is sold on the country-wide market and, as wheat or...


(a) Proclamation; duration of program Whenever prior to April 15 in any calendar year the Secretary determines that the total supply of wheat in the marketing year beginning...


The Secretary shall proclaim a national acreage allotment for each crop of wheat. The amount of the national acreage allotment for any crop of wheat shall be the number of...


(a) Apportionment among States; special acreage reserve The national allotment for wheat, less a reserve of not to exceed 1 per centum thereof for apportionment as provided in this ...


...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the 1971 through 1977 crops of wheat, feed grains and cotton, if in any year at least 55 per centum of the cropland acreage on...


If the acreage allotment for any State for any crop of wheat is twenty-five thousand acres or less, the Secretary, in order to promote efficient administration of this chapter...


Notwithstanding any other provision of this subpart, no farm marketing quota for any crop of wheat shall be applicable to any farm with a farm acreage allotment of less than...


If a national marketing quota for wheat for one, two, or three marketing years is proclaimed, the Secretary shall, not later than August 1 of the calendar year in which such...


...


Farm marketing quotas for wheat shall not be transferable, but, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary for such purpose, any farm marketing quota in excess of...


(a) Penalties: computation, lien, joint and several liability and interest; exceptions: nonsurplus supply crops, substantial impairment, and nonproduction of wheat;...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, to the extent the Secretary of Agriculture considers it desirable in order to provide fair and equitable treatment, the Secretary may...


In the establishment of State, county, and farm acreage allotments for wheat under this chapter, the acreage which is determined under regulations of the Secretary to have...


Effective with the 1964 crop, during any year in which an acreage diversion program is in effect for feed grains, the Secretary shall, notwithstanding any other provision of...


(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall permit any producer who is participating in the wheat program under title IV of this Act, in the feed grain...


Notwithstanding the other provisions of this chapter - (1) The farm marketing quota for any crop of wheat shall be the actual production of the acreage planted to such crop...


American cotton is a basic source of clothing and industrial products used by every person in the United States and by substantial numbers of people in foreign countries. American ...


Whenever during any calendar year the Secretary determines that the total supply of cotton for the marketing year beginning in such calendar year will exceed the normal supply...


The Secretary shall, not later than November 15, of the calendar years 1970 through 1976 proclaim a national cotton production goal for the 1971 and subsequent crops of upland...


Not later than December 15 following the issuance of the marketing quota proclamation provided for in section 1342 of this title, the Secretary shall conduct a referendum, by...


(a) Basis Whenever a national marketing quota is proclaimed under section 1342 of this title, the Secretary shall determine and proclaim a national acreage allotment for the...


Notwithstanding the provisions of subchapter III of this chapter, or of any other law, State, county, and farm acreage allotments and yields for cotton for any year after 1949...


(a) Authority for calendar years 1966 through 1970; transfer periods Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary, if he determines that it will not impair...


The farm marketing quota for any crop of cotton shall be the actual production of the acreage planted to cotton on the farm less the farm marketing excess. The farm marketing...


(a) Whenever farm marketing quotas are in effect with respect to any crop of cotton, the producer shall be subject to a penalty on the farm marketing excess at a rate per pound...


...


In order to maintain and expand domestic consumption of upland cotton produced in the United States and to prevent discrimination against the domestic users of such...


(a) Supplementary allotments for 1964 and 1965; acreage limitation; apportionment among States and farms; ''export market acreage'' on any farm; farm acreage allotment for...


(a) Establishment The Secretary shall establish for each of the 1971 through 1977 crops of upland cotton a national base acreage allotment. Such national base acreage...


...


...


...


The production, marketing, and processing of peanuts and peanut products employs a large number of persons and is of national interest. The movement of peanuts from producer...


(a) Proclamation; amount Between July 1 and December 1 of each calendar year the Secretary shall proclaim the amount of the national marketing quota for peanuts for the...


(a) National poundage quotas (1) Establishment The national poundage quota for peanuts for each marketing year shall be established by the Secretary at a level that is...


(a) Authority to permit transfers Notwithstanding any other provision of law for the 1968 and succeeding crop years, the Secretary, if he determines that it will not impair...


(a) In general (1) Sale and lease authority (A) Sale or lease within same State Subject to subparagraph (B) and such terms and conditions as the Secretary...


(a) In general Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Secretary may permit a portion of the poundage quota for peanuts apportioned to any State to be...


(a) The marketing of any peanuts in excess of the marketing quota for the farm on which such peanuts are produced, or the marketing of peanuts from any farm for which no...


(a) Marketing penalties (1) In general (A) Marketing peanuts in excess of quota The marketing of any peanuts for domestic edible use in excess of the...


(a) Duty of processors, refiners and manufacturers to report (1) Processors and refiners All sugarcane processors, cane sugar refiners, and sugar beet processors...


(a) Sugar estimates (1) In general Before the beginning of each of the fiscal years 1992 through 1998, the Secretary shall estimate - (A) the quantity of...


(a) In general The Secretary shall establish marketing allotments for sugar for any fiscal year in which the allotments are required under section 1359bb(b) of this title...


(a) In general (1) Allocation to processors Whenever marketing allotments are established for a fiscal year under section 1359cc of this title, in order to afford all ...


(a) Estimates of deficits At any time allotments are in effect under this subpart, the Secretary, from time to time, shall determine whether (in view of then-current...


(a) Processor assurances Whenever allotments for a fiscal year are allocated to processors under section 1359dd of this title, the Secretary shall obtain from the processors...


(a) Transfer of acreage base history For the purpose of establishing proportionate shares for sugarcane farms under section 1359ff of this title, the Secretary, on application...


(a) Regulations The Secretary or the Commodity Credit Corporation, as appropriate, shall issue such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the authority vested in...


(a) In general An appeal may be taken to the Secretary from any decision under section 1359dd of this title establishing allocations of marketing allotments, or under...


(a) Use of certain agencies In carrying out this subpart, the Secretary may use the services of local committees of sugar beet or sugarcane producers, sugarcane processors,...


This subpart shall apply to the publication and review of farm marketing quotas established for tobacco, corn, wheat, cotton, peanuts, and rice, established under part B of...


All acreage allotments, and the farm marketing quotas established for farms in a county or other local administrative area shall, in accordance with regulations of the Secretary,...


Any farmer who is dissatisfied with his farm marketing quota may, within fifteen days after mailing to him of notice as provided in section 1362 of this title, have such...


The members of the review committee shall receive as compensation for their services the same per diem as that received by the members of the committee utilized for the purposes...


If the farmer is dissatisfied with the determination of the review committee, he may, within fifteen days after a notice of such determination is mailed to him by registered mail...


The review by the court shall be limited to questions of law, and the findings of fact by the review committee, if supported by evidence shall be conclusive. If application is...


The commencement of judicial proceedings under this subpart shall not, unless specifically ordered by the court, operate as a stay of the review committee's determination....


Notwithstanding any increase of any farm marketing quota for any farm as a result of review of the determination thereof under this subpart, the marketing quotas for other farms...


(a) Investigation and adjustment to maintain normal supply If at any time the Secretary has reason to believe that in the case of cotton, rice, peanuts, or tobacco the operation...


(a) The penalty with respect to the marketing, by sale, of wheat, cotton, or rice, if the sale is to any person within the United States, shall be collected by the buyer. ...


(a) Persons reporting This subsection shall apply to warehousemen, processors, and common carriers of corn, wheat, cotton, rice, peanuts, or tobacco, and all ginners of...


(a) The Secretary shall provide for ascertaining, by measurement or otherwise, the acreage of any agricultural commodity or land use on farms for which the ascertainment of...


(a) The Secretary shall provide by regulations for the identification, wherever necessary, of corn, wheat, cotton, rice, peanuts, or tobacco so as to afford aid in discovering and ...


The several district courts of the United States are vested with jurisdiction specifically to enforce the provisions of this subchapter. If and when the Secretary shall so...


In any case in which, during any year beginning with 1956, the acreage planted to a commodity on any farm is less than the acreage allotment for such farm, the entire...


(a) Allotment pool Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the allotment determined for any commodity for any land from which the owner is displaced because...


(a) Transfers from parent farm In any case in which the ownership of a tract of land is transferred from a parent farm, the acreage allotments, history acreages, and base...


Wheat, in addition to being a basic food, is one of the great export crops of American agriculture and its production for domestic consumption and for export is necessary to...


During any marketing year for which a marketing quota is in effect for wheat, beginning with the marketing year for the 1964 crop, a wheat marketing allocation program shall be...


(a) Issuance; amount; reduction; sharing among producers; domestic and export certificates The Secretary shall provide for the issuance of wheat marketing certificates...


(a) Transfers of certificates; purchases by Commodity Credit Corporation Marketing certificates shall be transferable only in accordance with regulations prescribed by...


For the purpose of facilitating the purchase and sale of marketing certificates, the Commodity Credit Corporation is authorized to issue, buy, and sell marketing certificates in ...


The Secretary shall establish conversion factors which shall be used to determine the amount of wheat contained in any food product. The conversion factor for any such food...


(a) The Secretary is authorized to take such action as he determines to be necessary to facilitate the transition from the program currently in effect to the program provided for...


This section shall apply to processors of wheat, warehousemen and exporters of wheat and food products, and all persons purchasing, selling, or otherwise dealing in wheat...


(a) Forfeitures; amount; civil action Any person who knowingly violates or attempts to violate or who knowingly participates or aids in the violation of any of the provisions...


The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this part including but not limited to regulations governing the...


...


...


(a) The Commodity Credit Corporation shall place all insurance of every nature taken out by it on cotton, and all renewals, extensions, or continuations of existing insurance,...


In the administration of section 1383(b) of this title the written consent of the producer or borrower to the reconcentration of any cotton held as security for any loan heretofore...


...


The facts constituting the basis for any chapter 3B of title 16 payment, any payment under the wheat, feed grain, upland cotton, extra long staple cotton, and rice programs...


The provisions of section 22 of title 41 and sections 431 and 432 of title 18 shall not be applicable to loans or payments made under this chapter (except under section 1383(a)...


The Secretary may furnish reproductions of information such as geo-referenced data from all sources, aerial or other photographs, mosaics, and maps as have been obtained in...


(a) Designation of local agencies and local administrative areas The provisions of sections 590h(b) and 590k of title 16, relating to the utilization of State, county,...


The Secretary is authorized and directed to provide for the execution by the Agricultural Adjustment Administration of such of the powers conferred upon him by this chapter as...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and the application of...


(a) Beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 1938, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, for each fiscal year for the administration of this chapter and for the...


(a) The Secretary is authorized and directed to make such expenditures as he deems necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter and sections 590g, 590h, 590i, and 590j...


All funds for carrying out the provisions of this chapter shall be available for allotment to bureaus and offices of the Department, and for transfer to such other agencies of...


...


(a) Source The Secretary shall provide the price support authorized or required herein through the Commodity Credit Corporation and other means available to him. (b)...


(a) Study The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct an annual study of the financial impact of the support levels established and announced by the Secretary under...


Congress finds that, to improve the accuracy of commodity program benefit forecasts, the Secretary of Agriculture should designate a single organization to manage its...


...


(a) Crop reports The Secretary of Agriculture (hereafter in this section referred to as the ''Secretary'') shall gather data from producers to be used to develop crop reports...


(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, price support at a level in excess of the maximum level of price support otherwise prescribed in this Act may be made...


(a) In general The Secretary may make appropriate adjustments in the support price for any commodity (excluding cotton) for differences in grade, type, quality, location and...


The Secretary, in carrying out programs under section 612c of this title and section 1755 of title 42, may utilize the services and facilities of the Commodity Credit...


(a) Liability for deficiencies Except as otherwise provided in section 1425a of this title, no producer shall be personally liable for any deficiency arising from the sale of...


(a) Loan forfeiture limitation A producer of honey may satisfy the producer's obligation to repay a loan, or a portion of a loan, made to the producer under section...


...


(a) In general The Commodity Credit Corporation may sell any farm commodity owned or controlled by the Corporation at any price not prohibited by this section. ...


(a) Establishment of minimum standards Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall establish minimum quality standards that shall apply to grain that ...


(a) Establishment, maintenance and disposal by Secretary; amount and nature of reserve Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Agriculture may under...


For the purposes of this Act - (a) A commodity shall be considered storable upon determination by the Secretary that, in normal trade practice, it is stored for ...


Determinations made by the Secretary under this Act shall be final and conclusive: Provided, That the scope and nature of such determinations shall not be inconsistent with...


This Act shall not be effective with respect to price support operations for any agricultural commodity for any marketing year or season commencing prior to January 1, 1950, except...


(a) Eligible recipients; barter; estimates; reprocessing and other charges In order to prevent the waste of commodities whether in private stocks or acquired...


Commodity Credit Corporation is authorized, on such terms as the Secretary of Agriculture may approve, to donate cotton acquired through its price support operations to...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law those areas under the jurisdiction or administration of the United States are authorized to receive from the Department of Agriculture...


(a) In order to insure the nutritional value of cornmeal, grits, rice, and white flour when such foods are made available for distribution under section 1431(3) (FOOTNOTE 1) of...


In any school feeding programs undertaken on and after September 27, 1962 outside the United States pursuant to section 1431 of this title, section 308 of Public Law 480...


(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever Government stocks of commodities are acquired under the price support programs and are not likely to be sold by the...


Any price support program in effect on cottonseed or any of its products shall be extended to the same seed and products of the cottons defined under section 1347(a) of this title. ...


...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever a producer samples, turns, moves, or replaces grain or any other commodity which is security for a Commodity Credit...


(a) Authority of Commodity Credit Corporation; terms and conditions established by Secretary; fuel prices Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in order to prevent ...


Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the Secretary may make advance recourse loans available to producers of the commodities of the 1986 through 1990 crops for...


(a) Availability; due date; procedures for repayment; applicability; security; limitation It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Agriculture carry out a...


...


...


...


Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act, the Secretary shall encourage the production of any crop of which the United States is a net importer and for which a price...


(a) The Secretary of Agriculture shall permit, subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary shall prescribe, all or any part of the acreage set aside or diverted under...


The Secretary of Agriculture (hereinafter called the ''Secretary'') is authorized and directed to make available through loans, purchases, or other operations, price support...


...


(a) Authority of Commodity Credit Corporation to issue negotiable marketing certificates Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever, during the period...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture, in cooperation with the land grant colleges, commodity organizations, general farm organizations, and individual farmers, shall conduct a cost...


(a) Conditions of eligibility Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever base acreages are in effect for corn, the Secretary shall require, as a condition of...


...


(a) Basic support levels for 1961 and subsequent years Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1441 of this title, price support to cooperators for each crop of upland cotton, ...


...


...


(a) Referendum of 1958 corn producers Not later than December 15, 1958, the Secretary shall conduct a referendum of producers of corn in 1958 in the commercial corn-producing...


(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1441 of this title, beginning with the 1964 crop, price support shall be made available to producers for each crop of corn at such...


...


...


(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, effective only for each of the 1986 through 1996 crops of feed grains, the Secretary of Agriculture may make available loans...


...


...


Notwithstanding any of the provisions of section 1441 of this title: (a) For the 1960 crop of any kind of tobacco for which marketing quotas are in effect, or for which...


(a) Definitions As used in the section - (1) the term ''association'' means a producer-owned cooperative marketing association which has entered into a loan agreement ...


(a) Definitions As used in this section - (1) the term ''association'' means a producer-owned cooperative marketing association which has entered into a loan agreement ...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in order to reduce or eliminate the excessive inventories of Flue-cured and Burley tobacco held by associations from the 1976 through...


Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1441 of this title, beginning with the 1964 crop - (1) Price support for wheat accompanied by domestic certificates shall be...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law - (a) Authorization for program; acreage designation; payment The Secretary is authorized to administer a special wheat acreage ...


(a) In general The Secretary shall formulate and administer a farmer owned reserve program under which producers of wheat and feed grains will be able to store wheat and...


The President is encouraged to enter into negotiations with other nations to develop an international system of food reserves to provide for humanitarian food relief needs and...


Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act - (a) The Secretary may permit, subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary may prescribe, all or any part of the ...


...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law: (1) The Secretary of Agriculture may enter into multiyear set-aside contracts for a period not to extend beyond the 1990 ...


(a) Deficiency payments (1) In general If the Secretary establishes an acreage limitation program for any of the 1991 through 1997 crops of wheat, feed grains, upland ...


(a) In-kind payments by Secretary In making in-kind payments under any of the annual programs for wheat, feed grains, upland cotton, or rice (other than negotiable ...


(a) The Secretary is authorized and directed to make available (without regard to the provisions of sections 1447 to 1449 of this title) price support to producers for...


As a means of increasing the utilization of dairy products (including for purposes of this section, milk) upon the certification by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs or by the ...


The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized to use funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation to purchase sufficient supplies of dairy products at market prices to meet...


The production and use of abundant supplies of high quality milk and dairy products are essential to the health and general welfare of the Nation: a dependable domestic source...


In order to prevent the accumulation of excessive inventories of dairy products the Secretary of Agriculture shall undertake domestic disposal programs under authorities granted...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall utilize, to the fullest extent practicable, the authorities under the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714 et seq.)...


(a) Annual availability of surplus stocks of nonfat dry milk; bid basis The Commodity Credit Corporation shall provide surplus stocks of nonfat dry milk of not less...


...


...


...


...


...


The Secretary is authorized to make available through loans, purchases, or other operations price support to producers for any nonbasic agricultural commodity not designated...


Without restricting price support to those commodities for which a marketing quota or marketing agreement or order program is in effect, price support shall, insofar as feasible,...


In determining the level of price support for any nonbasic agricultural commodity under sections 1447 to 1449 of this title, particular consideration shall be given to the levels...


...


...


As used in this subchapter: (1) The term ''livestock producer'' means - (A) a person that is actively engaged in farming and that receives a substantial amount...


(a) The Secretary shall provide emergency feed assistance under this subchapter for the preservation and maintenance of livestock in any State or area of a State where, because...


(a) Determination and request by Governor or county committee (1) Whenever the Governor of a State determines that a livestock emergency due to a natural disaster exists in the...


(a) Qualifying livestock producers (1) If the Secretary determines that a livestock emergency exists in a State, county, or area, qualifying livestock producers located in...


(a) Available programs In accordance with section 1471c(a) of this title, the Secretary shall make one or more of the following assistance programs available to...


(a) Determination by Secretary In addition to the assistance provided under section 1471d of this title, if the Secretary determines that the livestock emergency also requires...


The Secretary shall carry out this subchapter through the use of the funds, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity Credit Corporation. ...


(a) Total amount of benefits The total amount of benefits that a person shall be entitled to receive annually under one or more of the programs established under this...


(a) Any person that has qualifying gross revenues in excess of $2,500,000 annually, as determined by the Secretary, shall not be eligible to receive any livestock emergency...


(a) Regulations The Commodity Credit Corporation shall issue regulations to carry out this subchapter. (b) Processing and decisions to be made as quickly as practicable ...


A person that disposes of any feed made available to a livestock producer under this subchapter other than as authorized by the Secretary shall be (1) subject to a civil penalty...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Federal Crop Insurance Act''. Except as otherwise expressly provided the provisions in titles I to IV, inclusive, shall not apply with respect...


(a) Purpose It is the purpose of this chapter to promote the national welfare by improving the economic stability of agriculture through a sound system of crop insurance...


To carry out the purposes of this chapter, there is hereby created as an agency of and within the Department a body corporate with the name ''Federal Crop Insurance Corporation''....


(a) Subscription by United States The Corporation shall have a capital stock of $500,000,000 subscribed by the United States of America, payment for which shall, with the...


The payment for capital stock in the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation shall be effected by transfer of funds on the books of the Treasury Department to the credit of...


(a) Board of Directors (1) Establishment The management of the Corporation shall be vested in a Board of Directors subject to the general supervision of the Secretary. ...


(a) Succession The Corporation shall have succession in its corporate name. (b) Corporate seal The Corporation may adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal, which shall...


...


(a) Appointment; civil service exemption; compensation The Secretary shall appoint such officers and employees as may be necessary for the transaction of the business of...


(a) Authority to offer insurance (1) In general If sufficient actuarial data are available (as determined by the Corporation), the Corporation may insure, or provide ...


(a) Definitions In this section: (1) First crop The term ''first crop'' means the first crop of the first agricultural commodity planted for harvest, or...


Claims for indemnities under this chapter shall not be liable to attachment, levy, garnishment, or any other legal process before payment to the insured or to deduction on account...


All money of the Corporation not otherwise employed may be deposited with the Treasurer of the United States or in any bank approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, subject...


The Corporation, including its franchise, its capital, reserves, and surplus, and its income and property, shall be exempt from all taxation on or after February 16, 1938, imposed...


When designated for that purpose by the Secretary of the Treasury, the Corporation shall be a depository of public money, except receipts from customs, under such regulations as...


The Corporation shall at all times maintain complete and accurate books of accounts and shall file annually with the Secretary a complete report as to the business of...


(a) to (e) Repealed. June 25, 1948, ch. 645, Sec. 21, 62 Stat. 862, eff. Sept. 1, 1948 (f) Application of laws on interest of Members of Congress in contracts ...


(a) Purpose (1) In general The purpose of this section is to improve compliance with, and the integrity of, the Federal crop insurance program. (2) Role of...


(a) Authorization of appropriations (1) Discretionary expenses There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1999 and each subsequent fiscal year such sums as...


The sections of this chapter and subdivisions of sections are declared to be separable, and in the event any one or more sections or parts of the same of this chapter be held to be ...


''Agricultural commodity'', as used in this chapter, means wheat, cotton, flax, corn, dry beans, oats, barley, rye, tobacco, rice, peanuts, soybeans, sugar beets, sugar...


...


Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a producer shall not be denied insurance under this chapter if - (1) for purposes of catastrophic risk protection coverage, the ...


If the Secretary determines that a person has knowingly adopted a material scheme or device to obtain catastrophic risk, additional coverage, or noninsured assistance benefits...


(a) Definition of policy In this section, the term ''policy'' means a policy, plan of insurance, provision of a policy or plan of insurance, and related materials. ...


(a) General provisions (1) Authority Except as otherwise provided in this section, the Corporation may conduct a pilot program submitted to and approved by the ...


(a) Education assistance (1) In general Subject to the amounts made available under paragraph (4) - (A) the Corporation shall carry out the program established ...


This chapter may be cited as the ''Federal Seed Act.'' ...


(a) When used in this chapter - (1) The term ''United States'' means the several States, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. (2) The term ''person'' includes...


Any labeling, advertisement, or other representation subject to this chapter which represents that any seed is certified seed or any class thereof shall be deemed to be false in...


It shall be unlawful for any person to transport or deliver for transportation in interstate commerce - (a) Any agricultural seeds or any mixture of agricultural seeds ...


All persons transporting, or delivering for transportation, in interstate commerce, agricultural seeds shall keep for a period of three years a complete record of origin,...


(a) Carrier transporting seeds The provisions of sections 1571 and 1572 of this title shall not apply to any carrier in respect to any seed transported or delivered...


The use of a disclaimer, limited warranty, or nonwarranty clause in any invoice, advertising, labeling, or written, printed, or graphic matter, pertaining to any seed shall...


It shall be unlawful for any person to disseminate, or cause to be disseminated, any false advertisement concerning seed, by the United States mails, or in interstate or...


The importation into the United States is prohibited of - (1) any agricultural or vegetable seeds if any such seed contains noxious-weed seeds or the labeling of which is...


(a) The Secretary of the Treasury shall deliver to the Secretary of Agriculture, subject to joint rules and regulations prescribed under section 1592 of this title, samples of...


...


Whenever the Secretary of Agriculture, after a public hearing, determines that seed of alfalfa or red clover from any foreign country is not adapted for general agricultural use...


It shall be unlawful for any person - (a) To sell or offer for sale - (1) any seed for seeding purposes if imported under this subchapter for other than seeding...


Any duties devolving upon the Secretary of Agriculture by virtue of the provisions of this chapter may with like force and effect be executed by such officer or officers, agent...


(a) The Secretary of Agriculture shall make such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary for the effective enforcement of this chapter, except as otherwise provided in...


(a) The samplings, analyses, tests, or examinations of seeds made in connection with the administration of this chapter shall be made by methods set forth by rules and...


(a) Information (1) In general Grain submitted for public testing shall be evaluated for selected specific agronomic performance characteristics and intrinsic...


No person shall detach, alter, deface, or destroy any label provided for in this chapter or the rules and regulations made and promulgated thereunder by the Secretary of...


(a) Any seed sold, delivered for transportation in interstate commerce, or transported in interstate or foreign commerce in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter...


(a) Any person who knowingly, or as a result either of gross negligence or of a failure to make a reasonable effort to inform himself of the pertinent facts, violates any provision...


When construing and enforcing the provisions of this chapter, the act, omission, or failure of any officer, agent, or other person acting for or employed by any person,...


Before any violation of this chapter is reported by the Secretary of Agriculture to any United States attorney for institution of a criminal proceeding, the person against whom...


(a) Hearing Whenever the Secretary of Agriculture has reason to believe that any person has violated or is violating any of the provisions of this chapter or the rules...


An order made under section 1599 of this title shall be final and conclusive unless within thirty days after the service the person appeals to the court of appeals for the circuit...


If any person against whom an order is issued under section 1599 of this title fails to obey the order, the Secretary of Agriculture, or the United States, by its Attorney...


The institution of any one of the proceedings provided for in sections 1595, 1596, 1599 to 1601 of this title shall not bar institution of any of the others, except that action...


(a) In carrying on the work herein authorized, the Secretary of Agriculture, or any officer or employee designated by him for such purpose, shall have power to hold...


After judgment by the court, or the issuance of a cease and desist order, in any case arising under this chapter, notice thereof shall be given by publication in such manner as...


(a) There is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary for administering this chapter. (b)...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to make such expenditures for rent, outside of the District of Columbia, printing, binding, telegrams, telephones, books of reference, ...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cooperate with any other department or agency of the Federal Government; or with any State, Territory, District, or possession,...


If any provision of this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter, and the application of such provisions...


Sections 111 to 116 of this title are repealed on the one hundred and eightieth day after August 9, 1939: Provided, however, That the notices with respect to imported alfalfa and...


This chapter shall take effect as follows: As to agricultural seeds, and the importation of vegetable seeds, on the one hundred and eightieth day after August 9, 1939; as to...


It shall be unlawful in the United States or in interstate or foreign commerce to sell or offer for sale or advertise, by variety name, seed not certified by an official...


The Congress declares that a sound, efficient, and privately operated system for distributing and marketing agricultural products is essential to a prosperous agriculture and is ...


The Secretary of Agriculture is directed and authorized: (a) Determination of methods of processing, packaging, marketing, etc.; publication of results To conduct,...


The Secretary may provide technical assistance (including information on such financial assistance as may be available) to grain producers and elevator operators to assist...


(a) In order to conduct research and service work in connection with the preparation for market, processing, packaging, handling, storing, transporting, distributing, and marketing...


Not less than $1,500,000 of the appropriations of the Department of Agriculture in this Act for research and service work authorized by sections 1 and 10 of the Act of June 29,...


(a) In carrying out the provisions of this chapter, the Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with other branches of the Government, State agencies, private research...


In order to facilitate administration and to increase the effectiveness of the marketing research, service, and regulatory work of the Department of Agriculture to the fullest...


When used in this chapter, the term ''agricultural products'' includes agricultural, horticultural, viticultural, and dairy products, livestock and poultry, bees, forest...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall have the power to appoint, remove, and fix, in accordance with existing law, the compensation of such officers and employees, and to make...


...


In the furtherance of the research and service work authorized by sections 427 and 427i of this title and this chapter, the Secretary of Agriculture may, in addition to the...


...


(a) Congressional findings Congress finds that - (1) certain State laws permit a secured lender to enforce liens against a purchaser of farm products even if the...


(a) The Secretary of Agriculture, using available funds, shall increase and intensify research programs conducted by or for the Department of Agriculture that are directed...


The purpose of this subchapter is to establish a program of information regarding the marketing of cattle, swine, lambs, and products of such livestock that - (1)...


In this subchapter: (1) Base price The term ''base price'' means the price paid for livestock, delivered at the packing plant, before application of any premiums...


In this part: (1) Cattle committed The term ''cattle committed'' means cattle that are scheduled to be delivered to a packer within the 7-day period beginning on ...


(a) Establishment The Secretary shall establish a program of live cattle price information reporting that will - (1) provide timely, accurate, and reliable...


(a) Daily reporting The corporate officers or officially designated representatives of each packer processing plant shall report to the Secretary at least twice each reporting...


In this part: (1) Affiliate The term ''affiliate'', with respect to a packer, means - (A) a person that directly or indirectly owns, controls, or holds...


(a) Establishment The Secretary shall establish a program of swine price information reporting that will - (1) provide timely, accurate, and reliable market information; ...


(a) Establishment The Secretary may establish a program of mandatory lamb price information reporting that will - (1) provide timely, accurate, and reliable...


(a) Confidentiality The Secretary shall make available to the public information, statistics, and documents obtained from, or submitted by, packers, retail entities, and...


It shall be unlawful and a violation of this subchapter for any packer or other person subject to this subchapter (in the submission of information required under part B, C, or D...


(a) Civil penalty (1) In general Any packer or other person that violates this subchapter may be assessed a civil penalty by the Secretary of not more than $10,000...


The Secretary shall not charge or assess a user fee, transaction fee, service charge, assessment, reimbursement, or any other fee for the submission or reporting of information,...


(a) In general Subject to subsection (b) of this section, each packer required to report information to the Secretary under this subchapter shall maintain, and make available...


The Secretary shall encourage voluntary reporting by packers (as defined in section 191 of this title) to which the mandatory reporting requirements of this subchapter do not apply. ...


(a) In general Beginning not later than 90 days after October 22, 1999, the Secretary shall compile and publish at least monthly (weekly, if practicable) information on...


(a) In general The Secretary may suspend any requirement of this subchapter if the Secretary determines that application of the requirement is inconsistent with the purposes...


In order to achieve the goals, purposes, and objectives of this chapter on a nationwide basis and to avoid potentially conflicting State laws that could impede the goals, purposes,...


The purpose of this subchapter is to establish a program of information regarding the marketing of dairy products that - (1) provides information that can be readily...


In this subchapter: (1) Dairy products The term ''dairy products'' means manufactured dairy products that are used by the Secretary to establish minimum prices for ...


(a) Establishment The Secretary shall establish a program of mandatory dairy product information reporting that will - (1) provide timely, accurate, and reliable...


The President is authorized, acting through the Commodity Credit Corporation, to make available or cause to be made available, notwithstanding the provisions of any other law,...


(a) Rules or regulations The President is further authorized to take such other action, including prohibiting or restricting the importation or exportation of wheat or...


...


It is the policy of the United States to use its abundant agricultural productivity to promote the foreign policy of the United States by enhancing the food security of...


(a) Policy In light of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture and the Ministerial Decision on Measures Concerning the Possible Negative Effects of the Reform Program...


...


...


(a) In general The President shall establish a program under this subchapter to provide for the sale of agricultural commodities to developing countries and private entities...


(a) Priority In selecting agreements to be entered into under this subchapter, the Secretary shall give priority to agreements providing for the export of agricultural...


(a) Payment (1) Dollars Except as provided in paragraph (2), agreements under this subchapter shall require that payment for agricultural commodities be made...


(a) In general Agreements under this subchapter may provide that the Secretary shall use payments made in local currencies by the developing country or private entity...


Within sixty days after any agreement is entered into for the use of any foreign currencies, a full report thereon shall be made to the Senate and the House of Representatives of...


...


The Secretary of Defense shall pay to the Commodity Credit Corporation an amount not to exceed $6,000,000 per year until the amount due for foreign currencies used for...


...


...


...


...


...


The President shall establish a program under this subchapter to provide agricultural commodities to foreign countries on behalf of the people of the United States to - ...


(a) Emergency assistance Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Administrator may provide agricultural commodities to meet emergency food needs under this...


(a) Local sale and barter of commodities An agreement entered into between the Administrator and a private voluntary organization or cooperative to provide food assistance ...


(a) Minimum levels (1) Minimum assistance Except as provided in paragraph (3), the Administrator shall make agricultural commodities available for food distribution ...


(a) Establishment There is established a Food Aid Consultative Group (hereinafter referred to in this section as the ''Group'') that shall meet regularly to review and...


(a) Maximum expenditures Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, programs of assistance shall not be undertaken under this subchapter during any fiscal year if...


(a) Proposals (1) Time for decision Not later than 45 days after the receipt by the Administrator of a proposal submitted - (A) by an eligible organization,...


(a) In general The Administrator may provide grants to - (1) United States nonprofit organizations (described in section 501(c)(3) of title 26 and exempt from tax...


(a) In general The President shall establish a program under which agricultural commodities are donated in accordance with this subchapter to least developed countries....


(a) Least developed countries A country shall be considered to be a least developed country and eligible for the donation of agricultural commodities under this subchapter if - ...


To carry out the policies and accomplish the objectives described in section 1691 of this title, the Administrator may negotiate and execute agreements with least developed...


Agricultural commodities provided to a least developed country under this section - (1) may be used in such country for - (A) direct feeding programs, including...


(a) Retention of proceeds To the extent determined to be appropriate by the Administrator, revenues generated from the sale, under section 1727c(2) of this title, of...


(a) In general The local currency proceeds of sales pursuant to section 1727c(2) of this title shall be used in the recipient country for specific economic development...


...


The Congress finds that - (1) acute food crises continue to cause loss of life, severe malnutrition, and general human suffering in many areas of the Third...


(a) Establishment; authority of President to furnish assistance from Fund There is hereby established the President's Emergency Food Assistance Fund (hereafter in...


...


(a) Availability of commodities No agricultural commodity shall be available for disposition under this chapter if the Secretary determines that the disposition would reduce...


As used in this chapter: (1) Administrator The term ''Administrator'' means the Administrator of the Agency for International Development, unless otherwise specified ...


(a) Prohibition No agricultural commodity shall be made available under this chapter unless it is determined that - (1) adequate storage facilities will be available in the ...


(a) In general Before entering into agreements with foreign countries under subchapters II and III-A of this chapter for the provision of commodities, the Secretary or...


The Secretary and the Administrator shall cooperate and consult in the implementation of this chapter. ...


(a) In general The Commodity Credit Corporation may acquire and make available such agricultural commodities (that have been determined to be available under section 1731(a)...


(a) Appointment by President The President shall appoint a Special Assistant to the President for Agricultural Trade and Food Assistance (hereinafter in this section referred...


(a) Subchapter II programs (1) Acquisitions The importing country or private entity that enters into an agreement under subchapter II of this chapter shall acquire the ...


No agreements to finance sales or to provide other assistance under this chapter shall be entered into after December 31, 2002. ...


...


(a) Authority The President, taking into account the financial resources of a country, may waive payments of principal and interest that such country would otherwise be...


(a) Reimbursement There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out - (1) the concessional credit sales program established under ...


(a) In general To provide for a trust solely to meet emergency humanitarian food needs in developing countries, the Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as...


To the maximum extent practicable, assistance for a foreign country under subchapter III-A of this chapter shall be coordinated and integrated with United States...


(a) Substantial injury Local currencies that are made available for use under this chapter may not be used to finance the production for export of agricultural commodities...


(a) In general Subject to the availability of practical technology and to cost effectiveness, not later than September 30, 1997, the Secretary, in consultation with...


Local currency payments received by the United States pursuant to agreements entered into under subchapter II of this chapter (as in effect on November 27, 1990) may be utilized...


As soon as practicable before the Government of the United States enters into any bilateral international agreement, other than a treaty, involving a commitment on the part of...


...


Congress encourages the Secretary of Agriculture, in coordination with other appropriate Federal departments and agencies, to continue to consult with representatives of other...


...


(a) Short title This section may be cited as the ''Food for Progress Act of 1985''. (b) Agreements with developing countries and emerging democracies to...


It is hereby declared to be the agricultural trade policy of the United States to - (1) be the premier supplier of agricultural and food products to world markets and...


...


(a) Findings Congress finds that - (1) on a level playing field, United States producers are the most competitive suppliers of agricultural products in the world; ...


...


(a) Sense of Congress It is the sense of Congress that the cooperator market development program of the Foreign Agricultural Service should be continued to help develop...


...


It is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States - (1) to foster and encourage the export of agricultural commodities and the products of such commodities; ...


...


...


...


(a) In general To further assist developing countries, middle-income countries, and emerging markets to increase farm production and farmer incomes, the President...


There is established in the Department of the Treasury an entity to be known as the ''Enterprise for the Americas Facility'' (hereafter referred to in this subchapter as...


The purpose of this subchapter is to encourage and support improvement in the lives of the people of Latin America and the Caribbean through market-oriented reforms and...


(a) Requirements To be eligible for benefits from the Facility under this subchapter, a country shall - (1) be a Latin American or Caribbean country; (2) have...


(a) Authority to reduce debt (1) In general Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President may reduce the amount owed to the United States or any agency of the ...


(a) Currency of payment The principal amount owed under each new obligation issued under section 1738c of this title shall be repaid in United States dollars. (b) Deposit...


(a) Rate of interest New obligations issued to an eligible country under section 1738c of this title shall bear interest at a concessional rate. (b) Currency of payment,...


(a) Authority The President is authorized to enter into an environmental framework agreement with each country eligible for benefits from the Facility concerning the operation...


(a) Establishment An eligible country shall, under the terms of an environmental framework agreement entered into under section 1738f of this title, establish an...


Funds in an Environmental Fund shall be disbursed only pursuant to a framework agreement entered into pursuant to section 1738f of this title. ...


(a) Establishment There is established a board to be known as the ''Enterprise for the Americas Board'' (hereafter referred to in this subchapter as the ''Board''). ...


The President may designate appropriate United States agencies to review the implementation of programs under this subchapter and the fiscal audits relating to such programs....


(a) Eligible entities Activities eligible to receive assistance through the framework agreements entered into under section 1738f of this title, shall include - ...


(a) Encouraging donations from official creditors The President should actively encourage other official creditors of an eligible country to provide debt reduction to such eligible ...


...


The President shall consult with the appropriate congressional committees on a periodic basis to review the operation of the Facility under this subchapter and the eligibility...


(a) In general (1) Authorization The President may sell to an eligible country up to 40 percent of such country's qualified debt, only if an amount of the local ...


(a) Authority to sell, reduce, or cancel qualified debt For the purpose of facilitating eligible debt swaps, the President, in accordance with this section - (1) may sell...


(a) Notice of negotiations The Secretary of State and the Secretary of the Treasury shall, in every feasible instance, notify the designated congressional committees not less...


As used in sections 1738o, 1738p, and 1738q of this title, the term ''qualified debt'' means any obligation, or portion of such obligation, of an eligible country to pay for...


The Commodity Credit Corporation shall, as rapidly as the Secretary of Agriculture shall determine to be practicable, set aside within its inventories not more than the...


Quantities of commodities shall not be included in the commodity set-aside which have an aggregate value in excess of $2,500,000,000. The value of the commodities placed in the ...


(a) Such commodity set-aside shall be reduced by disposals made in accordance with the directions of the President as follows: (1) Donation, sale, or other disposition...


(a) The Corporation shall have authority to sell, without regard to section 1743(a)(7) of this title, any commodity covered by the commodity set-aside for the purpose of...


The quantity of any commodity in the commodity set-aside or transferred from the set-aside to the National Defense Stockpile established by the Strategic and Critical Materials...


The Commodity Credit Corporation shall keep such records and accounts as may be necessary to show, for each commodity set-aside, the initial and current composition, value...


In order to make payment to the Commodity Credit Corporation for any commodities transferred to the national stockpile pursuant to section 1743(a)(4) of this title, there...


(a) In general The Secretary shall require appropriate officers and employees of the Department of Agriculture, including those stationed in foreign countries, to prepare...


The Administrator of the Foreign Agricultural Service shall establish a program within the Service that directs attacheAE1s of the Service who are reassigned from abroad to the...


For the purpose of encouraging and promoting the marketing of agricultural commodities of the United States and assisting American farmers, processors, distributors, and exporters...


(a) Appointment To effectuate the carrying out of the purposes of this subchapter, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to appoint such personnel as he determines to...


...


(a) Availability to Department of State and interested Government agencies The reports and dispatches prepared by the officers appointed or assigned under this...


Provisions in annual appropriation Acts of the Department of State facilitating the work of the Foreign Service of the United States shall be applicable under rules and...


(a) Establishment For the purpose of developing, maintaining, and expanding international markets for United States agricultural commodities, the Secretary of Agriculture,...


The functions of each United States Agricultural Trade Office shall be to - (1) increase the effectiveness of agricultural export promotion efforts through consolidation...


...


Each United States Agricultural Trade Office shall carry out its functions under section 1765b of this title in the nation where the United States Agricultural Trade Office is...


Upon the request of the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of State may use the authorities contained in the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 292 et seq.),...


On and after October 28, 2000, notwithstanding any other provision of law, no housing or residence in a foreign country purchased by an agent or instrumentality of the United...


United States Agricultural Trade Offices shall be centrally located in the cities of assignment to facilitate foreign trade meetings and foreign trade reliance on such offices...


Upon the request of the Secretary of Agriculture, each Federal agency may make its services, personnel, and facilities available to a United States Agricultural Trade Office in...


The provisions of section 1764(a) of this title shall apply with respect to personnel appointed and assigned under this subchapter. ...


Any Agricultural Trade Officer and the senior representative of the Secretary of Agriculture assigned to a nation under subchapter I of this chapter may, under regulations...


The Secretary of Agriculture may make rules and regulations necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter and may cooperate with any Department or agency of the United States ...


The President shall prescribe regulations to insure that the official activities of persons assigned abroad under this chapter are carried on (1) consonant with United States...


Effective October 1, 1976, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to provide appropriate orientation and language training to families of officers and employees of the...


The Secretary of Agriculture may, under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the President or his designee, provide to personnel appointed or assigned by the...


(a) Unexpended balances For the fiscal year 1955 so much of the Department of State and Department of Agriculture unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, and...


Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to affect personnel employed by or funds available to the Foreign Operations Administration or programs conducted under its authorities. ...


The term ''agricultural commodity'' as used in this chapter includes any agricultural commodity or product thereof. ...


...


...


...


...


...


On and after June 13, 1958 no conservation reserve contract shall be entered into which provides for (1) payments for conservation practices in excess of the average rate...


...


(a) Authority for calendar years 1965 through 1970; term of agreements Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the purpose of reducing the costs of farm...


...


...


...


The President may, whenever he determines such action appropriate, negotiate with representatives of foreign governments in an effort to obtain agreements limiting the export...


There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year, beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 1957, the sum of $500,000,000 to enable the Secretary of...


(a) Strategic and other materials acquired by the Commodity Credit Corporation as a result of barter or exchange of agricultural commodities or products, unless acquired for the ...


...


...


Notwithstanding any other limitations as to the disposal of surplus commodities acquired through price support operations, the Commodity Credit Corporation is authorized on such...


(a) Restriction on crop loans or farm payments or benefits For a period of three years from May 28, 1956, no agricultural commodity determined by the Secretary of Agriculture...


...


The Congress finds that the use of humane methods in the slaughter of livestock prevents needless suffering; results in safer and better working conditions for persons engaged in...


No method of slaughtering or handling in connection with slaughtering shall be deemed to comply with the public policy of the United States unless it is humane. Either of...


...


In furtherance of the policy expressed herein the Secretary is authorized and directed - (a) to conduct, assist, and foster research, investigation, and experimentation...


...


Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit, abridge, or in any way hinder the religious freedom of any person or group. Notwithstanding any other provision of...


(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever the Secretary of Agriculture determines that additional legislative authority is necessary to develop new...


If the Secretary of Agriculture, after such consultation and receipt of such advice as provided in section 1911 of this title, determines that additional legislative authority...


Nothing in this Act shall be deemed to limit the authority of the Secretary of Agriculture under other provision of law or to establish or consult with advisory committees. ...


The Congress finds that the statutory authority of the Secretary of Agriculture, hereinafter referred to in this chapter as the ''Secretary,'' for making and insuring loans to...


(a) Authorization and conditions The Secretary is authorized to make and insure loans under this subchapter to farmers and ranchers in the United States, and to farm...


(a) Allowed purposes (1) Direct loans A farmer or rancher may use a direct loan made under this subchapter only for - (A) acquiring or enlarging a farm or ranch; ...


(a) In general Loans may also be made or insured under this subchapter for soil and water conservation and protection. Such loans may be made to farm owners or tenants who...


(a) In general The Secretary shall make or insure no loan under sections 1922, 1923, 1924, 1934, and 1935 of this title that would cause the unpaid indebtedness under...


(a) In general (1) The Secretary is also authorized to make or insure loans to associations, including corporations not operated for profit, Indian tribes on Federal and...


...


(a) In general The Secretary shall provide grants in accordance with this section to assist the residents of rural areas and small communities to secure adequate quantities...


...


(a) Loans and grants to persons other than individuals (1) In general The Secretary shall make or insure loans and make grants to rural water supply...


(a) In general The Secretary may make grants to the State of Alaska for the benefit of rural or Native villages in Alaska to provide for the development and construction of...


(a) Period of repayment; interest rates (1) The period for repayment of loans under this subchapter shall not exceed forty years. (2) Except as otherwise provided in...


Effective October 1, 1981, and thereafter, in the case of water and waste disposal and community facility borrowers, and effective November 12, 1983, and thereafter, in the case...


(a) In general A contract of insurance or guarantee executed by the Secretary under this chapter shall be an obligation supported by the full faith and credit of the...


(a) Revolving fund The fund established pursuant to section 11(a) of the Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act, as amended, shall hereafter be called the Agricultural Credit...


On and after October 28, 1991, no funds in this Act or any other Act shall be available to carry out loan programs under the Agricultural Credit Insurance Fund at levels other...


(a) Creation; revolving fund; rural development loans There is hereby created the Rural Development Insurance Fund (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ''Insurance...


The Secretary may purchase, on such terms and conditions as the Secretary deems appropriate, the guaranteed portion of any loan guaranteed under this chapter: Provided, That...


Funds appropriated for the purpose of making direct real estate loans to farmers and ranchers under this subchapter shall remain available until expended. ...


...


(a) Loans for private business enterprises; pollution abatement and control; aquaculture; solar energy; loan guarantees The Secretary may also make and insure loans to...


(a) Rural Housing Loans which (1) are guaranteed by the Secretary under section 517(a)(2) (FOOTNOTE 1) of the Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1487(a)(2)), (2) are made by other...


(a) The Secretary is authorized to make and insure loans for any of the purposes referred to in section 1923(a) of this title, or paragraphs (1) through (5) of section 1924(a) of...


(a) In general (1) Establishment Notwithstanding any other section of this subchapter, the Secretary shall establish, within the farm ownership loan program ...


...


(a) Requirements The Secretary is authorized to make and insure loans under this subchapter to farmers and ranchers in the United States, and to farm cooperatives and...


(a) In general A direct loan may be made under this subchapter only for - (1) paying the costs incident to reorganizing a farm or ranch for more profitable operation; ...


(a) In general The Secretary shall make or insure no loan under this subchapter - (1) that would cause the total principal indebtedness outstanding at any one time...


Loans aggregating not more than $500,000 in any one year may also be made to soil conservation districts which cannot obtain necessary credit elsewhere upon reasonable terms...


...


(a) Determination of interest rates (1) The Secretary shall make all loans under this subchapter upon the full personal liability of the borrower and upon such security as...


...


(a) Graduation plan The Secretary shall establish a plan, in coordination with activities under sections 2006a, 2006b, 2006c, and 2006d of this title, to encourage each...


(a) Persons eligible The Secretary shall make and insure loans under this subchapter only to the extent and in such amounts as provided in advance in appropriation Acts to...


(a) For the purpose of determining whether to make or insure any loan under this subchapter, the Secretary shall take into consideration the net worth of the applicant...


Loans may be made or insured under this subchapter for any purpose authorized for loans under subchapter I or II of this chapter and for crop or livestock changes that...


(a) Maximum amount of loan The Secretary may not make a loan under this subchapter to a borrower who has suffered a loss in an amount that - (1) exceeds the actual loss...


...


The Secretary is authorized to utilize the revolving fund created by section 1148a (FOOTNOTE 1) of title 12 (hereinafter in this subchapter referred to as the ''Emergency...


(a) All sums received by the Secretary from the liquidation of loans made under the provisions of this subchapter or under the Act of April 6, 1949, as amended, or the Act of...


...


...


The Secretary shall make financial assistance under this subchapter available to any applicant seeking assistance based on production losses if the applicant shows that a...


...


(a) Appointment and compensation of Administrator; transfer of powers, duties, and assets pertaining to agricultural credit In accordance with section 2006a of this title,...


In addition to any other authority that the Secretary may have to defer principal and interest and forego foreclosure, the Secretary may permit, at the request of the borrower,...


Any loan for farm ownership purposes under subchapter I of this chapter, farm operating purposes under subchapter II of this chapter, or disaster emergency purposes under...


(a) The Secretary shall permit a borrower of a loan made or insured under this chapter to make a prospective payment on such loan with proceeds from - (1) the leasing of...


(a) Requirement The Secretary shall provide notice by certified mail to each borrower who is at least 90 days past due on the payment of principal or interest on a loan made...


(a) In general The Secretary shall ensure that appropriate procedures, including to the extent practicable onsite inspections, or use of county or State yield averages, are...


In the administration of this chapter, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, use underwriting forms, standards, practices, and terminology similar to the forms, standards, ...


...


In connection with loans made or insured under this chapter, the Secretary shall require - (1) the applicant (A) to certify in writing, and the Secretary shall...


(a) Applications; time for action by Secretary; notice; statement of reasons (1) The Secretary shall approve or disapprove an application for a loan or loan guarantee...


...


(a) In general On request of a farm borrower of a farmer program loan, the Secretary shall make available to the borrower the following: (1) One copy of each document...


All property subject to a lien held by the United States or the title to which is acquired or held by the Secretary under this chapter other than property used for...


(a) Preservation and protection of security, lien, or priority of lien securing loan The Secretary is authorized and empowered to make advances, without regard to any loan...


(a) Acceptance of fees, commissions, gifts, or other considerations prohibited No officer, attorney, or other employee of the Secretary shall, directly or indirectly, be...


(a) The Secretary may provide voluntary debt adjustment assistance between farmers and their creditors and may cooperate with State, territorial, and local agencies and...


(a) Authorization There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary such sums as the Congress may from time to time determine to be necessary to enable the Secretary...


(a) In general The Secretary is authorized to make such rules and regulations, prescribe the terms and conditions for making or insuring loans, security instruments...


The President may at any time in his discretion transfer to the Secretary any right, interest, or title held by the United States in any lands acquired in the program of...


(a) As used in this chapter: (1) The term ''farmer'' includes a person who is engaged in, or who, with assistance afforded under this chapter, intends to engage in,...


No loan (other than one to a public body or nonprofit association (including Indian tribes on Federal and State reservations or other federally recognized Indian tribal groups)...


...


(a) Maximum aggregate principal amounts for loans authorized Effective October 1, 1979, the aggregate principal amount of loans under the programs authorized under each subchapter...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, other departments, agencies, and executive establishments of the Federal Government may participate and provide financial and...


Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter limiting the making and insuring of loans to citizens of the United States, the Secretary may make and insure loans under this...


(a) Definitions For purposes of this section: (1) The term ''governmental entity'' means any agency of the United States, a State, or a unit of local government of a...


Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Secretary shall ensure that farm loan guarantee programs carried out under this chapter are designed so as to be...


(a) Establishment of program (1) In general The Secretary shall establish and carry out in accordance with this section an interest rate reduction program for loans ...


(a) Definitions As used in this section: (1) The term ''Administrator'' means the Administrator of the Small Business Administration. (2) The term...


(a) In general The Secretary shall modify delinquent farmer program loans made or insured under this chapter, or purchased from the lender or the Federal Deposit...


The Secretary shall establish and implement a program that is similar to the program established under section 2001 of this title, except that the debt restructuring and...


(a) In general Subject to subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary may transfer to any Federal or State agency, for conservation purposes any real property, or...


(a) Establishment (1) In general The Secretary shall establish annual target participation rates, on a county wide basis, that shall ensure that members of ...


The Farmers Home Administration may employ local attorneys, on a case-by-case basis, to process all legal procedures necessary to clear the title to foreclosed properties in...


(a) Payments to lenders (1) Requirement Within 3 months after a court of competent jurisdiction confirms a plan of reorganization under chapter 12 of title 11, for...


The Secretary may not make, insure, or guarantee any farmer program loan to a farm borrower on the condition that the borrower waive any right under the mediation program of...


(a) In general The Secretary shall enter into contracts to provide educational training to all borrowers of farmer program direct loans made under this chapter in financial...


(a) In general After an applicant is determined eligible for assistance under this chapter by the appropriate county committee established pursuant to section 1982 (FOOTNOTE 1)...


The Secretary shall provide adequate training to employees of the Farmers Home Administration on credit analysis and financial and farm management to - (1) better acquaint...


The Secretary shall establish a market placement program for qualified beginning farmers and ranchers and other borrowers of farmer program loans that the Secretary believes have...


The Secretary shall not approve any loan under this chapter to drain, dredge, fill, level, or otherwise manipulate a wetland (as defined in section 3801(a)(16) (FOOTNOTE 1) of...


(a) Certified lenders program (1) In general The Secretary may establish a program under which the Secretary may guarantee a loan for any rural development program that is ...


...


The Secretary shall classify, by gender, records of applicants for loans and loan guarantees under this chapter. ...


(a) Prohibition Assistance under any rural development program administered by the Rural Development Administration, the Farmers Home Administration, the Rural...


(a) In general As a condition of obtaining any benefit (including a direct loan, loan guarantee, or payment) described in subsection (b) of this section, a borrower must obtain...


The Secretary may not reschedule or reamortize a loan for a borrower under this chapter who has not requested consideration under section 1981d(e) of this title unless the...


(a) Delinquent borrowers prohibited from obtaining direct operating loans The Secretary may not make a direct operating loan under subchapter II of this chapter to a...


The Secretary shall develop and utilize a consolidated short form for farm program borrowers to use in certifying compliance with any applicable provision of law (including...


(a) Definitions In this section: (1) Board The term ''Board'' means the Board of Directors established under subsection (f) of this section. (2) Center ...


In this subchapter: (1) Rural and rural area The terms ''rural'' and ''rural area'' mean, subject to section 1926(a)(7) of this title, a city, town, or...


The Secretary shall establish a rural community advancement program to provide grants, loans, loan guarantees, and other assistance to meet the rural development needs of...


The national objectives of the program established under this subchapter shall be to - (1) promote strategic development activities and collaborative efforts by State...


(a) In general The Secretary shall direct each of the Directors of Rural Economic and Community Development State Offices to prepare a strategic plan - (1) for each...


(a) Establishment There is established in the Treasury of the United States a trust fund which shall be known as the Rural Development Trust Fund (in this subchapter referred...


(a) General authority Subject to subsection (b) of this section, the State Director (FOOTNOTE 1) of any State may, during any fiscal year, transfer from each account specified...


(a) Simple grants (1) Mandatory grant The Secretary shall make a grant to any eligible State for any fiscal year for which the State requests a grant under this ...


(a) ''Eligible public entity'' defined In this section, the term ''eligible public entity'' means any unit of general local government. (b) Guarantee and commitment ...


An application for assistance under this subchapter shall include evidence of significant community support for the project for which the assistance is requested. In the case...


The Secretary shall permit the establishment of voluntary pooling arrangements among States, and regional fund-sharing agreements, to carry out projects receiving assistance...


(a) In general The Secretary, in collaboration with State, local, public, and private entities, State rural development councils, and community-based organizations, shall...


(a) In general The Secretary shall provide leadership within the Executive branch for, and assume responsibility for, establishing an interagency working group chaired by...


In carrying out this subchapter, the Director of a Rural Economic and Community Development State Office shall - (1) to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that the State ...


The Secretary shall transfer funds in accordance with this subchapter through electronic transfer as soon as practicable after April 4, 1996. ...


(a) In general The Secretary may designate for each fiscal year up to 10 community development venture capital organizations to demonstrate the utility of guarantees to...


In this subchapter: (1) Authority The term ''Authority'' means the Delta Regional Authority established by section 2009aa-1 of this title. (2) Region ...


(a) Establishment (1) In general There is established the Delta Regional Authority. (2) Composition The Authority shall be composed of - (A) a...


(a) In general The Authority may approve grants to States and public and nonprofit entities for projects, approved in accordance with section 2009aa-8 of this title - ...


(a) Finding Congress finds that certain States and local communities of the region, including local development districts, may be unable to take maximum advantage of Federal...


(a) Definition of local development district In this section, the term ''local development district'' means an entity that - (1) is - (A) a planning district...


(a) Designations Not later than 90 days after December 21, 2000, and annually thereafter, the Authority, in accordance with such criteria as the Authority may establish,...


(a) State development plan In accordance with policies established by the Authority, each State member shall submit a development plan for the area of the region represented...


(a) In general In considering programs and projects to be provided assistance under this subchapter, and in establishing a priority ranking of the requests for assistance...


(a) In general A State or regional development plan or any multistate subregional plan that is proposed for development under this subchapter shall be reviewed by the Authority. ...


Nothing in this subchapter requires any State to engage in or accept any program under this subchapter without the consent of the State. ...


(a) Records of the Authority (1) In general The Authority shall maintain accurate and complete records of all transactions and activities of the Authority. ...


Not later than 180 days after the end of each fiscal year, the Authority shall submit to the President and to Congress a report describing the activities carried out under...


(a) In general There is authorized to be appropriated to the Authority to carry out this subchapter $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 through 2002, to remain...


This subchapter and the authority provided under this subchapter expire on October 1, 2002. ...


It is declared to be the policy of Congress, in order to promote the general welfare, to safeguard the health and well-being of the Nation's population by raising levels of...


As used in this chapter, the term: (a) ''Allotment'' means the total value of coupons a household is authorized to receive during each month. (b) ''Authorization card''...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the provisions of subsections (f) and (i) of section 2012 of this title and section 2019 of this title, concerning private, nonprofit...


(a) Use of coupons; redeemability Subject to the availability of funds appropriated under section 2027 of this title, the Secretary is authorized to formulate and administer...


(a) Income and other financial resources as substantial limiting factors in obtaining more nutritious diet; recipients under Social Security Act Participation in the...


(a) Additional specific conditions rendering individuals ineligible In addition to meeting the standards of eligibility prescribed in section 2014 of this title, households...


(a) Printing Coupons shall be printed under such arrangements and in such denominations as may be determined by the Secretary to be necessary, and (except as provided...


(a) Calculation The value of the allotment which State agencies shall be authorized to issue to any households certified as eligible to participate in the food stamp program...


(a) Applications; qualifications; certificate of approval; periodic reauthorization (1) Regulations issued pursuant to this chapter shall provide for the submission...


Regulations issued pursuant to this chapter shall provide for the redemption of coupons accepted by retail food stores through approved wholesale food concerns or through...


(a) State responsibility; records, inspection, and audit The State agency of each participating State shall assume responsibility for the certification of applicant households and ...


(a) Disqualification or civil penalty Any approved retail food store or wholesale food concern may be disqualified for a specified period of time from further participation in...


(a) Authority of Secretary; review of State program investment when settling claims; interest on claims against State agencies; joint and several liability (1)...


(a)(1) Whenever an application of a retail food store or wholesale food concern to participate in the food stamp program is denied pursuant to section 2018 of this title, or a...


(a) Coupon redemption Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Secretary may provide for the issuance or presentment for redemption of coupons to such person...


(a) Administrative costs Subject to subsection (k) of this section, the Secretary is authorized to pay to each State agency an amount equal to 50 per centum of all...


(a) Contracts or grants; issuance of aggregate allotments (1) The Secretary may, by way of making contracts with or grants to public or private organizations or agencies,...


(a) Authorization of allotments; monthly reports of expenditures to Congressional committees; restriction on use of funds; nutrition education improvements (1) To...


(a) Appropriations; payment (1)(A) From the sums appropriated under this chapter, the Secretary shall, subject to the provisions of this section, pay to the Commonwealth of...


(a) Program plan; guidelines; compliance (1) The Secretary shall permit any political subdivision, in any State, that applies and submits a plan to the Secretary in ...


(a) In general Upon written application of the State of Washington (in this section referred to as the ''State'') and after the approval of such application by the Secretary,...


(a) In general (1) Subject to paragraph (2), upon written application of the State of Minnesota that complies with this section and sections 6 to 11, 13, 130, and 132 of article...


(a) Standards and procedures for reviews (1) Initial reviews (A) In general Not later than 1 year after November 28, 1990, the Secretary shall complete a...


Effective October 1, 1995, from amounts made available to carry out this chapter, the Secretary shall pay to the Territory of American Samoa not more than $5,300,000 for each...


(a) ''Community food projects'' defined In this section, the term ''community food project'' means a community-based project that requires a 1-time infusion of Federal ...


(a) ''Federal costs'' defined In this section, the term ''Federal costs'' does not include any Federal costs incurred under section 2026 of this title. (b) Election ...


(a) Purchase of commodities From amounts made available to carry out this chapter, for each of fiscal years 1997 through 2002, the Secretary shall purchase $100,000,000 of...


...


Cotton is the basic natural fiber of the Nation. It is produced by many individual cottongrowers throughout the various cotton-producing States of the Nation and also outside...


To effectuate the declared policy of this chapter, the Secretary shall, subject to the provisions of this chapter, issue and from time to time amend, orders applicable to...


Whenever the Secretary has reason to believe that the issuance of an order will tend to effectuate the declared policy of this chapter, he shall give due notice and opportunity for...


After notice and opportunity for hearing as provided in section 2103 of this title, the Secretary shall issue an order if he finds, and sets forth in such order, upon the...


Orders issued pursuant to this chapter shall contain one or more of the following terms and conditions, and except as provided in section 2106 of this title, no others. ...


Orders issued pursuant to this chapter shall contain the following terms and conditions: (a) Providing for the establishment and selection by the Secretary, of a Cotton...


(a) Referendum and cotton producer approval of orders The Secretary shall conduct a referendum among persons who, during a representative period determined by the Secretary, have ...


(a) Discretionary suspension or termination by Secretary The Secretary shall, whenever he finds that any order issued under this chapter, or any provision thereof, obstructs or...


(a) Provisions applicable to amendments to orders Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the provisions of this chapter applicable to orders shall be applicable ...


(a) Notwithstanding any other section of this chapter and except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any cotton producer against whose cotton any assessment is made...


(a) Any person subject to any order may file a written petition with the Secretary, stating that any such order or any provision of such order or any obligation imposed in...


(a) The several district courts of the United States are vested with jurisdiction specifically to enforce, and to prevent and restrain any person from violating any order...


The eligibility of each cotton producer organization to represent cotton producers of a cotton producing State to request the issuance of an order under section 2103 of this...


The Secretary is authorized to make such regulations with the force and effect of law, as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter and the powers vested in him...


The Secretary may make such investigations as he deems necessary for the effective carrying out of his responsibilities under this chapter or to determine whether a handler or...


As used in this chapter: (a) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture. (b) The term ''person'' means any individual, partnership, corporation, association,...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of...


There is hereby authorized to be appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated such funds as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter....


...


The Congress finds that animals and activities which are regulated under this chapter are either in interstate or foreign commerce or substantially affect such commerce or the...


When used in this chapter - (a) The term ''person'' includes any individual, partnership, firm, joint stock company, corporation, association, trust, estate, or other...


The Secretary shall issue licenses to dealers and exhibitors upon application therefor in such form and manner as he may prescribe and upon payment of such fee established pursuant...


No dealer or exhibitor shall sell or offer to sell or transport or offer for transportation, in commerce, to any research facility or for exhibition or for use as a pet any animal,...


No dealer or exhibitor shall sell or otherwise dispose of any dog or cat within a period of five business days after the acquisition of such animal or within such other period as...


Every research facility, every intermediate handler, every carrier, and every exhibitor not licensed under section 2133 of this title shall register with the Secretary in...


It shall be unlawful for any research facility to purchase any dog or cat from any person except an operator of an auction sale subject to section 2142 of this title or a...


No department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States which uses animals for research or experimentation or exhibition shall purchase or otherwise acquire any dog or cat...


When construing or enforcing the provisions of this chapter, the act, omission, or failure of any person acting for or employed by a research facility, a dealer, or an exhibitor or...


Dealers and exhibitors shall make and retain for such reasonable period of time as the Secretary may prescribe, such records with respect to the purchase, sale,...


All animals delivered for transportation, transported, purchased, or sold, in commerce, by a dealer or exhibitor shall be marked or identified at such time and in such humane...


The Secretary is authorized to promulgate humane standards and recordkeeping requirements governing the purchase, handling, or sale of animals, in commerce, by dealers,...


(a) Promulgation of standards, rules, regulations, and orders; requirements; research facilities; State authority (1) The Secretary shall promulgate standards to govern...


Any department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States having laboratory animal facilities shall comply with the standards and other requirements promulgated by the...


(a) The Secretary shall consult and cooperate with other Federal departments, agencies, or instrumentalities concerned with the welfare of animals used for research,...


(a) Investigations and inspections The Secretary shall make such investigations or inspections as he deems necessary to determine whether any dealer, exhibitor, ...


The Secretary shall promulgate rules and regulations requiring dealers, exhibitors, research facilities, and operators of auction sales subject to section 2142 of this title to...


...


(a) Temporary license suspension; notice and hearing; revocation If the Secretary has reason to believe that any person licensed as a dealer, exhibitor, or operator of an auction...


...


The Secretary is authorized to promulgate such rules, regulations, and orders as he may deem necessary in order to effectuate the purposes of this chapter. ...


If any provision of this chapter or the application of any such provision to any person or circumstances shall be held invalid, the remainder of this chapter and the application...


The Secretary shall charge, assess, and cause to be collected reasonable fees for licenses issued. Such fees shall be adjusted on an equitable basis taking into consideration...


The regulations referred to in sections 2140 and 2143 of this title shall be prescribed by the Secretary as soon as reasonable but not later than six months from August 24,...


...


(a) Sponsoring or exhibiting animal in any fighting venture It shall be unlawful for any person to knowingly sponsor or exhibit an animal in any animal fighting venture to which any ...


(a) Release of confidential information prohibited It shall be unlawful for any member of an Institutional Animal Committee to release any confidential information of the research ...


(a) Holding period (1) Requirement In the case of each dog or cat acquired by an entity described in paragraph (2), such entity shall hold and care for such dog or ...


(a) Request Whenever the Secretary has reason to believe that any dealer, carrier, exhibitor, or intermediate handler is dealing in stolen animals, or is placing the health of...


There shall be at the seat of government a Department of Agriculture, the general design and duties of which shall be to acquire and to diffuse among the people of the United...


The Department of Agriculture shall be an executive department, under the supervision and control of a Secretary of Agriculture, who shall be appointed by the President, by and...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to procure a proper seal, with such suitable inscriptions and devices as he may approve, to be known as the official seal...


(a) The Secretary of Agriculture shall procure and preserve all information concerning agriculture, rural development, aquaculture, and human nutrition which he can obtain by means...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall utilize to the maximum extent practicable State, regional, district, county, local, or other Department of Agriculture offices to enhance...


(a) Coordination of nationwide rural development program using services of executive branch departments and agencies and State and local governments The Secretary...


(a) Congressional commitment The Congress commits itself to a sound balance between rural and urban America. The Congress considers this balance so essential to the...


(a) In general The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, directly or in coordination with any other Federal agency, entity, corporation, department, unit of State or...


(a) In general For the purpose of promoting local job creation and private sector investment in rural communities, the Secretary of Agriculture is encouraged, where...


(a) Office of Risk Assessment and Cost-Benefit Analysis The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish in the Department of Agriculture an Office of Risk Assessment and...


(a) In general There is established in the Treasury of the United States an account to be known as the Fund for Rural America (referred to in this section as the ''Account'')...


(a) Census of agriculture required In 1998 and every fifth year thereafter, the Secretary of Agriculture shall take a census of agriculture. (b) Methods In connection...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to perform all the duties named in all Acts of Congress in force on February 8, 1889, to be performed by the Commissioner of ...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall have charge, in the building and premises appropriated to the department, of the library, furniture, fixtures, records, and other...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Agriculture may - (1) convey title to excess Federal personal property owned by the Department of...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall annually make a general report in writing of his acts to the President, in which he may recommend the publication of papers forming parts of...


(a) Not later than 20 days after the end of each fiscal year, the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to Congress a report on the amounts obligated and expended by the...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall direct and superintend the expenditure of all money appropriated to the Department and render accounts thereof. ...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall furnish proper vouchers and accounts for the sums appropriated for the Department of Agriculture to the General Accounting Office. ...


On and after October 28, 1991, advances of money to chiefs of field parties from any appropriation for the Department of Agriculture may be made by authority of the Secretary of ...


New obligational authority provided for the following appropriation items in this Act shall remain available until expended: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, the ...


On and after October 28, 1991, funds appropriated to the Department of Agriculture and the Food and Drug Administration may be used for one-year contracts which are to be performed...


On and after October 28, 1991, the Department of Agriculture, when issuing statements, press releases, requests for proposals, bid solicitations, and other documents...


On and after October 21, 1993, none of the funds available to the Department of Agriculture may be used to make production or other payments to a person, persons, or corporations...


On and after October 28, 2000, none of the funds made available to the Department of Agriculture shall be used to carry out any commodity purchase program that would...


There is established in the Department of Agriculture the position of Deputy Secretary of Agriculture, to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of...


The Deputy Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to exercise the functions and perform the duties of the first assistant of the Secretary of Agriculture within the meaning of...


...


...


...


(a) The President shall appoint on and after July 31, 1956, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, a General Counsel of the Department of Agriculture. (b)...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall appoint a chief clerk. ...


...


Such officers, agents, or employees of the Department of Agriculture of the United States as are designated by the Secretary of Agriculture for the purpose are authorized...


No officer, agent, or employee of the Department of Agriculture shall demand or accept any fee or compensation whatsoever for administering or taking any oath, affirmation,...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to pay the salary of each employee from the roll of the bureau, independent division, or office in which the employee...


The officials and the employees of the Department of Agriculture engaged in the activities described in section 450b of this title and paid in whole or in part out of...


Details may be made from or to the office of the Secretary when necessary and the services of the person whom it is proposed to detail are not required in that office. ...


Law clerks may be detailed by the Secretary of Agriculture for service in or out of Washington. ...


Employees of the library may be temporarily detailed by the Secretary of Agriculture for library service in the bureaus and offices of the department, and employees of the bureaus...


Employees of the Division of Accounts and Disbursements may be detailed by the Secretary of Agriculture for accounting and disbursing work in any of the bureaus and offices of...


On and after October 28, 1991, notwithstanding any other provision of law, employees of the agencies of the Department of Agriculture, including employees of the...


The Department of Agriculture may employ persons or organizations, on a temporary basis, by contract or otherwise: Provided, That no expenditures for such temporary employment shall ...


On and after October 28, 1991, the expenditure of any appropriation for the Department of Agriculture for any consulting service through procurement contract, pursuant to 5...


On and after October 28, 1991, provisions of law prohibiting or restricting personal services contracts shall not apply to veterinarians employed by the Department to take...


On and after October 28, 2000, funds appropriated to the Department of Agriculture may be used to employ individuals by contract for services outside the United States as...


Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, the Department is authorized on and after August 31, 1951, to employ or otherwise contract with persons at regular rates of pay...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to purchase from appropriations made for traveling expenses for employees of the Department of Agriculture, mileage and mileage books,...


The Department of Agriculture is authorized to furnish subsistence to employees without consideration as, or deduction from, the compensation of such employees where warranted by ...


Under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture, funds available to the Department of Agriculture may be used for the payment of transportation...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to furnish subsistence to employees of the United States Department of Agriculture in the Territory of Alaska, and to purchase...


Employees of the Department of Agriculture stationed abroad may, with the approval of the Secretary of Agriculture, enter into leases for official quarters, for periods not...


On and after October 28, 1991, notwithstanding any other provision of law, any appropriations or funds available to the agencies of the Department of Agriculture may be used...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no employee of the United States Department of Agriculture shall be peremptorily removed, on or after February 15, 1994, from the...


The Department of Agriculture is authorized to contract for stenographic reporting services. ...


Funds available for carrying out the activities of the Department of Agriculture shall be available for expenses of advisory committees, including travel expenses in accordance...


The Secretary of Agriculture may purchase stationery, supplies, furniture, and miscellaneous materials from this appropriation for contingent expenses and transfer the same at...


A working capital fund of $400,000 is established without fiscal year limitation, for the payment of salaries and other expenses necessary to the maintenance and operation of...


On and after November 28, 2001, refunds or rebates received on an on-going basis from a credit card services provider under the Department of Agriculture's charge card programs may...


There is established a working capital fund of $300,000, to be available without fiscal year limitation, for expenses necessary for furnishing facilities and services by...


Funds available for field work in the Department of Agriculture shall be available for employment by contract or otherwise of men with equipment, boats, work animals,...


Funds available for field work in the Department of Agriculture may be used for the purchase of arms and ammunition whenever the individual purchase does not exceed $50, and...


Funds available to the Department of Agriculture may be used for printing and binding, including the purchase of reprints of scientific and technical articles. ...


The Secretary of Agriculture may, by transfer settlements through the General Accounting Office, reimburse any appropriation made for the salaries and compensation of employees in...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to sell in the open market or to exchange for other livestock such animals or animal products as cease to be needed in the work of...


...


(a) Authority of Secretary The Secretary of Agriculture may - (1) furnish, on request, copies of software programs, pamphlets, reports, or other publications, regardless...


On and after October 28, 1991, funds appropriated to the Department of Agriculture by this Act may be used for translation of publications of the Department of Agriculture...


The Secretary of Agriculture may dispose of photographic prints (including bromide enlargements), lantern slides, transparencies, blueprints, and forest maps at cost and 10 per...


...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to furnish, upon application, prints and lantern slides from negatives in the possession of the department and to charge for the same...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, under such rules and regulations and subject to such conditions as he may prescribe, to loan, rent, or sell copies of films. In the...


The Secretary of Agriculture may furnish, upon application, samples of pure sugars, naval stores, microscopical specimens, and other products to State and municipal...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to collect and/or compile and publish annually, and at such other times, and in such form and on such date or dates as...


Unless otherwise provided by the Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944 or by other statute, the measure and character of cooperation authorized by said Act on the part of...


The Department of Agriculture is authorized to erect, alter, and repair such buildings and other public improvements as may be necessary to carry out its authorized work:...


Notwithstanding the provisions of existing law, except the Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act (15 U.S.C. 714 et seq.) and without regard to section 255 of title 40, but...


Beginning with the fiscal year 1942, each appropriation to enable the Secretary of Agriculture to carry into effect any program administered through the Production and...


Applicable appropriations available to the Production and Marketing Administration current at the time services are rendered or payment therefore is received may be reimbursed by ...


If the Secretary of Agriculture shall find after the acquisition by the United States of any land or interest therein which is subject to his administration, custody, or...


Appropriations for the Agricultural Research Service shall be available for the operation and maintenance of aircraft and the purchase of not to exceed one for replacement only...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to expend funds, available for agricultural conservation, adjustment, and land use programs, for the share of the United States as a...


On and after October 21, 1993, appropriations available to the Department of Agriculture can be used to provide financial assistance to the organizers of national and international ...


The head of any department or independent establishment of the Government requiring inspections, analyses, and tests of food and other products, within the scope of the functions...


Not to exceed 7 per centum of the amounts appropriated for any fiscal year for the miscellaneous expenses of the work of any bureau, division, or office of the Department...


The Department of Agriculture is authorized to subscribe for such newspapers as may be necessary to carry out its authorized work: Provided, That purchases under this authority...


Market-inspection certificates issued by authorized agents of the Department of Agriculture shall be received in all courts of the United States as prima facie evidence of the...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to pay employees of the United States Department of Agriculture performing inspection or quarantine services relating to imports into...


(a) In general The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the ''Secretary'') may enter into reimbursable fee agreements with persons for preclearance...


In the conduct of foreign market development programs, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to credit contributions from individuals, firms, associations, agencies, and...


The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to obtain insurance to cover the liability of any employee of the Department of Agriculture for damage to or loss of property or...


(a) In general The Secretary of Agriculture may pay a tort claim in the manner authorized by section 2672 of title 28, if the claim arises outside the United States in...


Subject to limitations applicable with respect to each appropriation concerned, each appropriation available to the Department of Agriculture may be charged, at any time during a ...


The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized to accept, receive, hold, and administer on behalf of the United States gifts, bequests, or devises of real and personal...


Any gift of money accepted pursuant to the authority granted in section 2264 of this title, or the net proceeds from the liquidation of any other property so accepted, or the...


(a) Congress reaffirms the historical policy of the United States to foster and encourage the family farm system of agriculture in this country. Congress believes that...


...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Agriculture may, whenever he considers it desirable, relinquish to a State all or part of the legislative jurisdiction...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to accept, receive, hold, utilize, and administer on behalf of the United States...


Any person who is employed in the Office of the Inspector General, Department of Agriculture, who conducts investigations of alleged or suspected felony criminal violations...


For fiscal year 1999 and thereafter, funds transferred to the Office of the Inspector General through forfeiture proceedings or from the Department of Justice Assets Forfeiture...


In carrying out marketing research and education programs, the Secretary of Agriculture shall take such steps as may be necessary to increase the efforts of the Department...


The Secretary of Agriculture may establish a program to train farmers and ranchers in advanced techniques for the marketing of agricultural commodities, livestock, and...


(a) Establishment of program The Secretary of Agriculture (hereafter referred to in this section as the ''Secretary'') may establish a program to use volunteers in carrying...


On and after August 6, 1996, funds appropriated to the Department of Agriculture may be used for incidental expenses such as transportation, uniforms, lodging, and subsistence...


The Secretary of Agriculture may assist, through the use of Soil Conservation Service personnel, vehicles, communication equipment, and other equipment or materials available to...


Any employee of the United States Department of Agriculture designated by the Secretary of Agriculture and the Attorney General of the United States may carry a firearm and use...


...


(a) Authorized disclosure In the case of information furnished under a provision of law referred to in subsection (d) of this section, neither the Secretary of Agriculture,...


Funds available to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) under this and subsequent appropriations shall be available for contracting with individuals for services...


(a) In general Prior to the promulgation of, or amendment to, any order or plan under a research and promotion program relating to research and promotion of any...


(a) Outreach and assistance (1) In general The Secretary of Agriculture (hereafter referred to in this section as the ''Secretary'') shall provide outreach and ...


(a) Fair crop acreage bases and farm program payment yields If the Secretary of Agriculture determines that crop acreage bases or farm program payment yields established for...


(a) Definitions In this section: (1) Graduate School The term ''Graduate School'' means the Graduate School of the Department of Agriculture. (2) Board ...


(a) Student intern subsistence program (1) ''Student intern'' defined In this subsection, the term ''student intern'' means a person who - (A) is employed by...


In any claim brought under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 701 et seq.) and filed with the Secretary of Agriculture after January 1994 resulting in a finding that a...


(a) In general Any person that causes harm to, or interferes with, an animal used for the purposes of official inspections by the Department of Agriculture, may, after notice...


(a) In general The Secretary shall have power to subpoena the attendance and testimony of any witness, and the production of all documentary evidence relating to the...


The purposes of this chapter are to - (1) require strict financial and program accounting by advisory committees of the Department of Agriculture; (2) assure balance...


When used in this chapter - (1) the term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States; (2) the term ''Department of Agriculture'' means...


(a) Simultaneous service No person other than an officer or employee of the Department of Agriculture may serve simultaneously on more than one advisory committee,...


...


No advisory committee may expend funds in excess of its estimated annual operating costs by more than 10 per centum or $500, whichever is greater, until it provides the Secretary...


The Secretary shall terminate any advisory committee upon a finding that any such advisory committee - (1) has expended funds in excess of its estimated annual ...


...


Agricultural products are produced in the United States by many individual farmers and ranchers scattered throughout the various States of the Nation. Such products in fresh...


When used in this chapter - (a) The term ''handler'' means any person engaged in the business or practice of (1) acquiring agricultural products from producers or...


It shall be unlawful for any handler knowingly to engage or permit any employee or agent to engage in the following practices: (a) To coerce any producer in the exercise of...


Nothing in this chapter shall prevent handlers and producers from selecting their customers and suppliers for any reason other than a producer's membership in or contract with...


(a) Civil actions by persons aggrieved; preventive relief; attorneys' fees; security Whenever any handler has engaged or there are reasonable grounds to believe that...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the chapter and of the application of...


There is hereby established in the Department of Agriculture an office to be known as the Plant Variety Protection Office, which shall have the functions set forth in this chapter. ...


The Plant Variety Protection Office shall have a seal with which documents and certificates evidencing plant variety protection shall be authenticated. ...


The organization of the Plant Variety Protection Office shall, except as provided herein, be determined by the Secretary of Agriculture (hereinafter called the Secretary). The...


Employees of the Plant Variety Protection Office shall be ineligible during the periods of their employment, to apply for plant variety protection and to acquire directly...


...


The Secretary may establish regulations, not inconsistent with law, for the conduct of proceedings in the Plant Variety Protection Office after consultations with the Plant...


(a) Appointment The Secretary shall appoint a Plant Variety Protection Board. The Board shall consist of individuals who are experts in various areas of varietal...


The Secretary shall maintain a library of scientific and other works and periodicals, both foreign and domestic, in the Plant Variety Protection Office to aid the examiners in...


The Secretary shall maintain a register of descriptions of United States protected plant varieties. ...


(a) The Secretary may publish, or cause to be published, in such format as the Secretary shall determine to be suitable, the following: (1) The descriptions of plant...


The Secretary may supply printed copies of descriptions, drawings, and photographs of protected plant varieties to public libraries in the United States which shall maintain...


When the day, or the last day, for taking any action or paying any fee in the United States Plant Variety Protection Office falls on Saturday, Sunday, a holiday within the District...


The Secretary may by regulations prescribe the form of papers to be filed in the Plant Variety Protection Office. ...


The Secretary may establish regulations for taking affidavits, depositions, and other evidence required in cases before the Plant Variety Protection Office. Any officer authorized...


(a) The clerk of any United States court for the district wherein testimony is to be taken in accordance with regulations established by the Secretary for use in any contested case...


Any document to be filed in the Plant Variety Protection Office and which is required by any law or regulation to be executed in a specified manner may be provisionally accepted...


The Secretary shall prescribe regulations governing the admission to practice and conduct of persons representing applicants or other parties before the Plant Variety...


Anyone who in the United States engages in direct or indirect practice before the Office of Plant Variety Protection while suspended or excluded under section 2356 of this title,...


(a) In general The Secretary shall, under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, charge and collect reasonable fees for services performed under this chapter. ...


All fees shall be paid to the Secretary, and the Secretary may refund any sum paid by mistake or in excess of the fee required. ...


(a) Definitions As used in this chapter: (1) Basic seed The term ''basic seed'' means the seed planted to produce certified or commercial seed. (2) Breeder ...


(a) In general The breeder of any sexually reproduced or tuber propagated plant variety (other than fungi or bacteria) who has so reproduced the variety, or the successor...


Protection under this chapter may, by regulation, be limited to nationals of the United States, except where this limitation would violate a treaty and except that nationals of...


The Secretary may declare a protected variety open to use on a basis of equitable remuneration to the owner, not less than a reasonable royalty, when the Secretary determines...


(a) An application for a certificate of Plant Variety Protection may be filed by the owner of the variety sought to be protected. The application shall be made in writing to...


An application for a certificate recognizing plant variety rights shall contain: (1) The name of the variety except that a temporary designation will suffice until...


(a) When two or more persons are the breeders, one person (or the successor of the person) may apply, naming the others. (b) The Secretary, after such notice as the Secretary may ...


Legal representatives of deceased breeders and of those under legal incapacity may make application for plant variety protection upon compliance with the requirements and on the...


(a)(1) An application for a certificate of plant variety protection filed in this country based on the same variety, and on rights derived from the same breeder, on which there...


Applications for plant variety protection and their contents shall be kept in confidence by the Plant Variety Protection Office, by the Board, and by the offices in the Department...


The Secretary may establish regulations for the publication of information regarding any pending application when publication is requested by the owner. ...


The Secretary shall cause an examination to be made of the application and if on such examination it is determined that the applicant is entitled to plant variety protection under...


(a) Whenever an application is refused, or any objection or requirement made by the examiner, the Secretary shall notify the applicant thereof, stating the reasons therefor,...


When an application for plant variety protection has been refused by the Plant Variety Protection Office, the applicant may appeal to the Secretary. The Secretary shall seek...


From the decisions made under sections 2404, 2443, 2501, and 2568 of this title appeal may, within sixty days or such further times as the Secretary allows, be taken under the...


An applicant dissatisfied with a decision under section 2443 or 2501 of this title, may, as an alternative to appeal, have remedy by civil action against the Secretary in the...


...


(a) If it appears that a certificate of plant variety protection should be issued on an application, a written notice of allowance shall be given or mailed to the owner. The...


A certificate of plant variety protection shall be issued in the name of the United States of America under the seal of the Plant Variety Protection Office, and shall be signed by...


(a) Certificate (1) Every certificate of plant variety protection shall certify that the breeder (or the successor in interest of the breeder), (FOOTNOTE 1) has the right,...


Whenever a mistake in a certificate of plant variety protection incurred through the fault of the Plant Variety Protection Office is clearly disclosed by the records of the...


Whenever a mistake of a clerical or typographical nature, or of minor character, or in the description of the variety, which was not the fault of the Plant Variety Protection...


An error as to the naming of a breeder in the application, without deceptive intent, shall not affect validity of plant variety protection and may be corrected at any time by the ...


(a) Any person may, within five years after the issuance of a certificate of plant variety protection, notify the Secretary in writing of facts which may have a bearing on...


...


(a) The owner of a certificate of plant variety protection may have relief against another owner of a certificate of the same variety by civil action, and the court may adjudge...


(a) Subject to the provisions of this subchapter, plant variety protection shall have the attributes of personal property. (b) Applications for certificates of plant...


An owner who, with notice that release is for testing only, releases possession of seed or other sexually reproducible or tuber propagable plant material for testing retains...


(a) Acts constituting infringement Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter, it shall be an infringement of the rights of the owner of a protected variety to ...


Nothing in this chapter shall abridge the right of any person, or the successor in interest of the person, to reproduce or sell a variety developed and produced by such person...


Except to the extent that such action may constitute an infringement under subsections (3) and (4) of section 2541 (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title, it shall not infringe any right ...


The use and reproduction of a protected variety for plant breeding or other bona fide research shall not constitute an infringement of the protection provided under this chapter. ...


Transportation or delivery by a carrier in the ordinary course of its business as a carrier, or advertising by a person in the advertising business in the ordinary course of...


An owner shall have remedy by civil action for infringement of plant variety protection under section 2541 of this title. If a variety is sold under the name of a variety shown in...


(a) Certificates of plant variety protection shall be presumed valid. The burden of establishing invalidity of a plant variety protection shall rest on the party...


The several courts having jurisdiction of cases under this subchapter may grant injunctions in accordance with the principles of equity to prevent the violation of any right...


(a) Upon finding an infringement the court shall award damages adequate to compensate for the infringement but in no event less than a reasonable royalty for the use made of...


The court in exceptional cases may award reasonable attorney fees to the prevailing party. ...


(a) No recovery shall be had for that part of any infringement committed more than six years (or known to the owner more than one year) prior to the filing of the complaint...


Owners may give notice to the public by physically associating with or affixing to the container of seed of a variety or by fixing to the variety, a label containing either the...


(a) Each of the following acts, if performed in connection with the sale, offering for sale, or advertising of sexually reproducible plant material or tubers or parts of tubers, is ...


Every owner not residing in the United States may file in the Plant Variety Protection Office a written designation stating the name and address of a person residing within the...


(a) Any State, any instrumentality of a State, and any officer or employee of a State or instrumentality of a State acting in the official capacity of the officer or employee,...


It is the intent of Congress to provide the indicated protection for new varieties by exercise of any constitutional power needed for that end, so as to afford adequate...


If this chapter is held unconstitutional as to some provisions or circumstances, it shall remain in force as to the remaining provisions and other circumstances. ...


...


Potatoes are a basic food in the United States and foreign countries. They are produced by many individual potato growers in every State in the United States and imported into...


As used in this chapter: (a) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture. (b) The term ''person'' means any individual, partnership, corporation, association,...


To effectuate the declared policy of this chapter, the Secretary shall, subject to the provisions of this chapter, issue and from time to time amend, orders applicable to handlers...


When sufficient evidence is presented to the Secretary by interested persons, or whenever the Secretary has reason to believe that a plan will tend to effectuate the declared...


After notice and opportunity for hearing, the Secretary shall issue a plan if he finds, and sets forth in such plan, upon the evidence introduced at such hearing, that the issuance...


The Secretary is authorized to make such regulations with the force and effect of law, as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter and the powers vested in him...


Any plan issued pursuant to this chapter shall contain the following terms and conditions: (a) National Potato Promotion Board; establishment; powers and duties ...


Any plan issued pursuant to this chapter may contain one or more of the following terms and conditions: (a) Exemptions Providing authority to exempt from the provisions of...


(a) Collection and payment; recordkeeping; limitation (1) Each handler designated by the board, pursuant to regulations issued under the plan, to make payment of assessments shall...


(a) Administrative proceedings; petition; hearing; finality of ruling Any person subject to a plan may file a written petition with the Secretary, stating that such plan...


(a) Jurisdiction of United States district courts; administrative action The several district courts of the United States are vested with jurisdiction specifically to...


(a) Administration of oath; subpena; contempts; process; jurisdiction The Secretary may make such investigations as he deems necessary for the effective carrying out of...


(a) Secretary's duty to conduct; purpose of referendum The Secretary shall conduct a referendum among producers, who during a representative period determined by the Secretary have ...


(a) Duty of Secretary The Secretary shall, whenever he finds that a plan or any provision thereof obstructs or does not tend to effectuate the declared policy of this...


The provisions of this chapter applicable to plans shall be applicable to amendments to plans. ...


If any provision of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this chapter and of the application...


There is hereby made available from the funds provided by section 612c of this title such sums as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter: Provided, That no such...


...


(a) The overall purpose of this subchapter is to foster a balanced national development that provides opportunities for increased numbers of the people of the United States to...


The Secretary of Agriculture may conduct, in cooperation and coordination with colleges and universities, the following programs to carry out the purposes and achieve the goals...


...


(a) Authorization of appropriations There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out the purposes of this subchapter. (b) Distributions ...


(a) Program administration To ensure national coordination with other federally supported agricultural research and extension programs, administration of each State program...


If the Secretary of Agriculture determines that a State is not eligible to receive part or all of the funds to which it is otherwise entitled for programs under section 2662(a)...


For the purposes of this subchapter - (a) ''rural development'' means the planning, financing, and development of facilities and services in rural areas that contribute...


The Secretary of Agriculture may issue such regulations as the Secretary determines necessary to carry out the provisions of this subchapter. ...


...


(a) Formulation and execution of program The Secretary is authorized and directed to formulate and carry out a pilot program for the production and marketing of industrial ...


...


Eggs constitute one of the basic, natural foods in the diet. They are produced by many individual egg producers throughout the United States. Egg products, spent fowl, and products...


As used in this chapter - (a) The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Agriculture or any other officer or employee of the Department of Agriculture to whom there...


To effectuate the declared policy of this chapter, the Secretary shall, subject to the provisions of this chapter, issue and from time to time amend, orders applicable to...


Whenever the Secretary has reason to believe that the issuance of an order will tend to effectuate the declared policy of this chapter, he shall give due notice and opportunity...


After notice and opportunity for hearing as provided in section 2704 of this title, the Secretary shall issue an order if he finds, and sets forth in such order, upon the...


Order issued pursuant to this chapter shall contain one or more of the following terms and conditions, and except as provided in section 2707 of this title, no others. ...


Orders issued pursuant to this chapter shall contain the following conditions: (a) Egg Board; establishment; appointment and terms of membership; powers and duties ...


(a) Producer approval of order The Secretary shall conduct a referendum among egg producers not exempt hereunder who, during a representative period determined by the...


(a) Authority of Secretary The Secretary shall, whenever he finds that any order issued under this chapter, or any provisions thereof, obstructs or does not tend to effectuate...


The provisions of this chapter applicable to orders shall be applicable to amendments to orders. ...


(a) In general The following shall be exempt from the specific provisions of this chapter under such conditions and procedures as may be prescribed in the order or rules...


(a) Procedures Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, any egg producer against whose commercial eggs...


(a) Any person subject to any order may file a written petition with the Secretary, stating that any such order or any provisions of such order or any obligations imposed...


(a) Enforcement of orders by district court; referral of civil actions to Attorney General The several district courts of the United States are vested with ...


The eligibility of any organization to represent commercial egg producers of any egg producing area of the United States to request the issuance of an order under section 2704 of...


The Secretary is authorized to make regulations with force and effect of law, as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter and the powers vested in him by...


The Secretary may make such investigations as he deems necessary for the effective carrying out of his responsibilities under this chapter or to determine whether an egg...


There is hereby authorized to be appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated such funds as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter....


...


(a) Duties of agencies Each Federal agency shall - (1) designate an office or person adequately trained in the management of undesirable plant species to develop...


(a) Congress finds that - (1) beef and beef products are basic foods that are a valuable part of human diet; (2) the production of beef and beef products plays a ...


For purposes of this chapter - (1) the term ''beef'' means flesh of cattle; (2) the term ''beef products'' means edible products produced in whole or in part from...


(a) During the period beginning on January 1, 1986, and ending thirty days after receipt of a proposal for a beef promotion and research order, the Secretary shall publish...


An order issued under section 2903(b) of this title shall contain the following terms and conditions: (1) The order shall provide for the establishment and selection of...


(a) Eligibility of State organization certified by Secretary; eligibility criteria The eligibility of any State organization to represent producers and to participate in...


(a) Continuation or termination of order For the purpose of determining whether the initial order shall be continued, not later than 22 months after the issuance of the order ...


(a) Establishment of escrow account During the period prior to the approval of the continuation of an order pursuant to the referendum required under section 2906(a) of ...


(a) Restraining order; civil penalty If the Secretary believes that the administration and enforcement of this chapter or an order would be adequately served by such ...


The Secretary may make such investigations as the Secretary deems necessary for the effective administration of this chapter or to determine whether any person subject to this...


(a) Nothing in this chapter may be construed to preempt or supersede any other program relating to beef promotion organized and operated under the laws of the United States or...


There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this chapter. Sums appropriated to carry out this chapter shall not be available for payment of...


...


It is the purpose of this chapter to promote, through appropriate means and on an economically sustainable basis, the development and expansion of direct marketing of...


For purposes of this chapter, the term ''direct marketing from farmers to consumers'' shall mean the marketing of agricultural commodities at any marketplace (including, but...


The Secretary shall provide, through the Economic Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture, or whatever agency or agencies the Secretary considers...


(a) In order to promote the establishment and operation of direct marketing from farmers to consumers, the Secretary shall provide that funds appropriated to carry out this section...


...


(a) For purposes of carrying out section 3003 of this title, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary. (b) For purposes of carrying out the provisions...


The purposes of federally supported agricultural research, extension, and education are to - (1) enhance the competitiveness of the United States agriculture and...


The purposes of this chapter are to - (1) establish firmly the Department of Agriculture as the lead agency in the Federal Government for the food and agricultural ...


When used in this chapter: (1) The term ''Advisory Board'' means the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board. (2) The...


The Department of Agriculture is designated as the lead agency of the Federal Government for agricultural research (except with respect to the biomedical aspects of human...


...


(a) Establishment The Secretary shall establish within the Department of Agriculture a board to be known as the ''National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education,...


...


It is the intent of Congress in enacting this chapter to augment, coordinate, and supplement the planning, initiation, and conduct of agricultural research programs existing prior...


(a) Covered programs; statement of purposes A unique partnership arrangement exists in food and agricultural research, extension, and teaching between the Federal Government ...


The Secretary shall submit to the President and Congress by January 1 of each year a report on the Nation's agricultural research, extension, and teaching activities, and such...


(a) Purpose The purpose of this section is to consolidate and expand the statutory authority for the operation of the library of the Department of Agriculture established...


(a) Establishment The Secretary shall establish, within the National Agricultural Library, in coordination with the Extension Service, a National Rural Information...


...


(a) Congressional declaration of policy It is declared to be the policy of Congress that - (1) cooperation and coordination among, and the more effective utilization...


(a) Appointment of staff To assist the Advisory Board in the performance of its duties, the Secretary may appoint, after consultation with the chairperson of the Advisory Board...


(a) Vacancies in Advisory Board Any vacancy in the Advisory Board shall not affect its duties under this title and shall be filled in the same manner as the original position. ...


(a) Review of information technology systems The Secretary shall conduct a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art information technology systems that are available for use...


The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) and title XVIII of this Act (7 U.S.C. 2281 et seq.) shall not apply to any committee, board, commission, panel, or task force,...


...


(a) Competitive grant program The Secretary shall conduct a program of competitive grants to States for the purpose of meeting the costs of renovation, improving compliance...


(a) Higher education teaching programs The Secretary shall promote and strengthen higher education in the food and agricultural sciences by formulating and administering ...


(a) Establishment The Secretary shall establish the National Agricultural Science Award for research or advanced studies in the food and agricultural sciences, including...


(a) Authority of Secretary The Secretary may award grants under this section to colleges, universities, and Federal laboratories for the purpose of conducting research related...


(a) In general Consistent with this section, the Secretary may make grants, competitive grants, and special research grants to, and enter into cooperative agreements and...


(a) Findings Congress finds that there is increasing evidence of a relationship between diet and many of the leading causes of death in the United States: that improved...


In order to carry out the policy of this subchapter, the Secretary shall develop and implement a national food and human nutrition research and extension program that shall...


(a) Increase in level of support The Secretary shall establish research into food and human nutrition as a separate and distinct mission of the Department of Agriculture, and...


(a) Authority of Secretary The Secretary may establish, and award grants for projects for, a multi-year research initiative on human nutrition intervention and health promotion. ...


(a) Findings Congress finds the following: (1) Although medical researchers in recent years have demonstrated that there are several naturally occurring compounds ...


(a) Establishment The Secretary shall establish a national education program which shall include, but not be limited to, the dissemination of the results of food and...


Congress finds that individuals in households eligible to participate in programs under the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) and other low-income individuals,...


The purpose of the program provided for under sections 3175a through 3175e of this title is to expand effective food, nutrition, and consumer education services to the...


The cooperative extension services of the States shall, with funds made available under this subtitle, carry out an expanded program of food, nutrition, and consumer education...


(a) Administration by Secretary of Agriculture The program provided for under section 3175c of this title shall be administered by the Secretary of Agriculture through the ...


(a) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated to carry out sections 3175a through 3175e of this title $8,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 1995. (b)...


...


...


(a) Formulation of system The Secretary and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall formulate and submit to Congress, within ninety days after September 29, 1977,...


The Secretary of Agriculture shall - (1) in conducting the Department of Agriculture's continuing survey of food intakes of individuals and any nationwide food ...


(a) Purposes The purposes of this subchapter are to - (1) promote the general welfare through the improved health and productivity of domestic livestock, poultry,...


When used in this subchapter - (1) the term ''eligible institution'' means an accredited school or college of veterinary medicine or a State agricultural ...


(a) Authority to cooperate with, encourage, and assist States In order to carry out the purpose of this subchapter, the Secretary is authorized to cooperate with, encourage,...


...


(a) Authorization of appropriations There are authorized to be appropriated such funds as Congress may determine necessary to support continuing animal health and disease...


(a) Authorization of appropriations There are authorized to be appropriated such funds as Congress may determine necessary to support research on specific national or ...


Funds available for allocation under the terms of this subchapter shall be paid to each State or eligible institution at such times and in such amounts as shall be determined by...


If the Secretary determines that a State is not entitled to receive its allocation of the annual appropriation under section 3195 of this title because of its failure to...


With respect to research projects on problems of animal health and disease to be performed at eligible institutions and supported with funds allocated to the States under section...


No funds in excess of $100,000, exclusive of the funds provided for research on specific national or regional animal health and disease problems under the provisions of section...


The sums appropriated and allocated to States and eligible institutions under this subchapter shall be in addition to, and not in substitution for, sums appropriated or otherwise...


(a) Authorization of appropriations There are authorized to be appropriated annually such sums as Congress may determine necessary to support continuing agricultural and...


(a) Authorization of appropriations There are authorized to be appropriated annually such sums as Congress may determine necessary to support continuing agricultural research...


...


(a) Purpose It is hereby declared to be the intent of Congress to assist the institutions eligible to receive funds under the Act of August 30, 1890 (7 U.S.C. 321 et...


(a) Competitive grants authorized The Secretary of Agriculture may make a competitive grant to five national research and training centennial centers located at colleges (or...


(a) Definitions In this section: (1) Eligible institution The term ''eligible institution'' means a college eligible to receive funds under the Act of August 30,...


(a) Eligible institutions; statement of purposes It is hereby declared to be the intent of Congress to assist the institutions eligible to receive funds under the Act of August 30, ...


...


(a) Grant authority The Secretary may make competitive grants (or grants without regard to any requirement for competition) to Hispanic-serving institutions for the purpose...


(a) Education grants program for Alaska Native serving institutions (1) Grant authority The Secretary of Agriculture may make competitive grants (or grants without regard...


(a) Authority of Secretary To carry out the policy of this subchapter, the Secretary (in consultation with the Agency for International Development and subject to...


...


(a) Research and development program The Secretary may provide for an agricultural research and development program with the George E. Brown United States/Mexico Foundation...


(a) Competitive grants authorized The Secretary may make competitive grants to colleges and universities in order to strengthen United States economic competitiveness and...


(a) Establishment The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a fellowship program for, (FOOTNOTE 1) to be known as the ''Cochran Fellowship Program'', to provide fellowships...


(a) Establishment The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish a center, to be known as the Center For North American Studies, whose primary purpose shall be to promote...


...


Except as otherwise provided in law, indirect costs charged against a competitive agricultural research, education, or extension grant awarded under this Act or any other Act...


(a) Existing programs Notwithstanding any authorization for appropriations for agricultural research in any Act enacted prior to September 29, 1977, there are hereby authorized...


Notwithstanding any authorization for appropriations for the Cooperative Extension Service in any Act enacted prior to September 29, 1977, there are hereby authorized to...


Except as provided elsewhere in this Act or any other Act of Congress, funds available for allotment under this chapter shall be paid to each eligible institution or State at...


...


(a) In general Except as provided elsewhere in this Act or any other Act of Congress - (1) assistance provided under this chapter shall be subject to the provisions...


The Secretary is authorized to issue such rules and regulations as the Secretary deems necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter. ...


(a) The Secretary shall regularly conduct program evaluations to meet the purposes of this chapter and the responsibilities assigned to the Secretary and the Department of...


(a) Purposes, nature and construction The purpose of this section is to confer upon the Secretary general authority to enter into contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements...


Funds made available by the Secretary under established Federal-State partnership arrangements to State cooperative institutions under the Acts referred to in section 3103(16)...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Agriculture may enter into cost-reimbursable agreements with State cooperative institutions or other colleges...


...


(a) Research and pilot project program Notwithstanding any other provision of law, during the period beginning October 1, 1986, and ending September 30, 2002, the Secretary...


...


It is the purpose of this subchapter to promote research and extension activities of the institutions hereinafter referred to in section 3322(b) of this title, and to coordinate...


(a) Research and extension program The Secretary may develop and implement a cooperative research and extension program to encourage the development, management, and production...


...


There is authorized to be appropriated $7,500,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 2002. Funds appropriated under this section or section 3323 (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title...


It is the purpose of this subchapter to promote the general welfare through improved productivity of the Nation's rangelands, which comprise 60 per centum of the land area of...


The Secretary may develop and implement a cooperative rangeland research program in coordination with the program carried out under the Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978...


The Secretary may make grants to land-grant colleges and universities, State agricultural experiment stations, and to colleges, universities, and Federal laboratories having a ...


...


(a) There are authorized to be appropriated, to implement the provisions of this subchapter, such sums not to exceed $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 through 2002. ...