US State Code:United States CodeTITLE 46 - SHIPPING


In this subtitle - (1) ''associated equipment'' - (A) means - (i) a system, accessory, component, or appurtenance of a recreational vessel; or ...


(a) In chapters 37, 43, 51, and 123 of this title and part I of this subtitle - (1) ''eligible State'' means a State that has a State recreational boating safety...


The Secretary has general superintendence over the merchant marine of the United States and of merchant marine personnel insofar as the enforcement of this subtitle is concerned and ...


(a) The Secretary may delegate the duties and powers conferred by this subtitle to any officer, employee, or member of the Coast Guard, and may provide for the subdelegation of...


The Secretary shall provide for the investigation of the operation of this subtitle and of all laws related to marine safety, and shall require that a report be made to the...


When a vessel is made liable in rem under this subtitle, the vessel may be libeled and proceeded against in a district court of the United States in which the vessel is found. ...


(a) After notice and an opportunity for a hearing, a person found by the Secretary to have violated this subtitle or a regulation prescribed under this subtitle for which a...


The Secretary may refund or remit a civil penalty collected under this subtitle if - (1) application has been made for refund or remission of the penalty within one...


Except as otherwise provided, this subtitle does not apply to a public vessel of the United States. However, this subtitle does apply to a vessel (except a Coast Guard or a...


(a)(1) Except as otherwise provided in this title, the Secretary shall establish a fee or charge for a service or thing of value provided by the Secretary under this subtitle,...


(a) The Secretary may prescribe a reasonable rate of extra pay for overtime services of civilian officers and employees of the Coast Guard required to remain on duty between 5...


In a port at which the customary working hours begin before 8 a.m. or end after 5 p.m., the Secretary may regulate the working hours of the officers and employees referred to...


If the Secretary decides that the application of a provision of part B, C, F, or G of this subtitle is not necessary in performing the mission of the vessel engaged in excursions...


(a) An owner, charterer, managing operator, agent, master, or individual in charge of a vessel may not discharge or in any manner discriminate against a seaman because the seaman...


Any person who fails to implement or conduct, or who otherwise fails to comply with the requirements prescribed by the Secretary for, chemical testing for dangerous drugs or...


Except as provided in section 2306 of this title, this chapter applies to a vessel operated on waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States (including the territorial...


(a) A person operating a vessel in a negligent manner or interfering with the safe operation of a vessel, so as to endanger the life, limb, or property of a person is liable to...


(a) The master or individual in charge of a vessel involved in a marine casualty shall - (1) render necessary assistance to each individual affected to save that...


(a) The Secretary shall establish procedures to ensure that after a serious marine casualty occurs, alcohol testing of crew members or other persons responsible for the operation...


(a) A master or individual in charge of a vessel shall render assistance to any individual found at sea in danger of being lost, so far as the master or individual in charge can do...


(a) The district courts of the United States have jurisdiction to enjoin the negligent operation of vessels prohibited by this chapter on the petition of the Attorney General for...


(a)(1) An owner, charterer, managing operator, or agent of a vessel of the United States, having reason to believe (because of lack of communication with or nonappearance of a...


When the President decides that the needs of foreign commerce require, the President may suspend a provision of this part for a foreign-built vessel registered as a vessel of...


(a) The Secretary shall by regulation require immersion suits on vessels designated by the Secretary that operate in the Atlantic Ocean north of 32 degrees North latitude or south...


The Secretary may rely, as evidence of compliance with this subtitle, on - (1) reports, documents, and records of other persons who have been determined by the Secretary...


In this chapter - (1) ''International Safety Management Code'' has the same meaning given that term in chapter IX of the Annex to the International Convention for...


(a) Mandatory Application. - This chapter applies to the following vessels engaged on a foreign voyage: (1) Beginning July 1, 1998 - (A) a vessel transporting more...


(a) In General. - The Secretary shall prescribe regulations which establish a safety management system for responsible persons and vessels to which this chapter applies, including - ...


(a) Safety Management Plan. - Each responsible person shall establish and submit to the Secretary for approval a safety management plan describing how that person and vessels of the ...


(a) Issuance of Certificate and Document. - After verifying that the responsible person for a vessel to which this chapter applies and the vessel comply with the...


The following categories of vessels are subject to inspection under this part: (1) freight vessels. (2) nautical school vessels. (3) offshore supply vessels. ...


(a) A vessel is not excluded from one category only because the vessel is - (1) included in another category of section 3301 of this title; or (2) excluded by...


Except as provided in chapter 37 of this title, a foreign vessel of a country having inspection laws and standards similar to those of the United States and that has an...


(a) A documented vessel transporting cargo that transports not more than 12 individuals in addition to the crew on international voyages, or not more than 16 individuals in...


(a) The inspection process shall ensure that a vessel subject to inspection - (1) is of a structure suitable for the service in which it is to be employed; (2)...


(a) To carry out this part and to secure the safety of individuals and property on board vessels subject to inspection, the Secretary shall prescribe necessary regulations to...


Each vessel subject to inspection under this part shall undergo an initial inspection for certification before being put into service. After being put into service - (1)...


In addition to inspections required by section 3307 of this title, the Secretary shall examine or have examined - (1) each vessel subject to inspection at proper times to ensure ...


(a) When an inspection under section 3307 of this title has been made and a vessel has been found to be in compliance with the requirements of law and regulations, a certificate...


The Secretary shall keep records of certificates of inspection of vessels and of all acts in the examination and inspection of vessels, whether of approval or disapproval. ...


(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), a vessel subject to inspection under this part may not be operated without having on board a certificate of inspection issued under...


The certificate of inspection issued to a vessel under section 3309 of this title shall be displayed, suitably framed, in a conspicuous place on the vessel. When it is...


(a) During the term of a vessel's certificate of inspection, the vessel must be in compliance with its conditions, unless relieved by a suspension or an exemption granted...


(a) If the certificate of inspection of a vessel expires when the vessel is on a foreign voyage, the vessel may complete the voyage to a port of the United States within 30 days...


(a) Each individual licensed under part E of this subtitle shall assist in the inspection or examination under this part of the vessel on which the individual is serving, and...


(a) Each department, agency, and instrumentality of the United States Government shall recognize the American Bureau of Shipping as its agent in classifying vessels owned by...


(a) The Secretary may prescribe by regulation fees for inspecting or examining a small passenger vessel or a sailing school vessel. (b) When an inspection or examination under...


(a) Except as otherwise provided in this part, the owner, charterer, managing operator, agent, master, or individual in charge of a vessel operated in violation of this part or a ...


(a) Each certificate of inspection issued to a vessel carrying passengers (except a ferry) shall include a statement on the number of passengers that the vessel is permitted...


(a) The owner, charterer, managing operator, master, or individual in charge of the following categories of vessels carrying passengers shall keep a correct list of passengers ...


(a) A passenger vessel of the United States having berth or stateroom accommodations for at least 50 passengers shall be granted a certificate of inspection only if the vessel is ...


(a) A person selling passage on a foreign or domestic passenger vessel having berth or stateroom accommodations for at least 50 passengers and embarking passengers at United...


Notwithstanding section 3303(a) (FOOTNOTE 1) of this title, a foreign vessel may not depart from a United States port with passengers who are embarked at that port, if the...


A master of a passenger vessel shall keep on board a copy of this subtitle, to be provided by the Secretary at reasonable cost. If the master fails to do so, the master is liable...


In this chapter - (1) ''existing'', when referring to a type of vessel to which this chapter applies, means a vessel that is not a new vessel. ((2) Repealed. Pub....


(a) Subject to subsections (b)-(e) of this section, this chapter applies to a tank vessel. (b) This chapter does not apply to a documented vessel that would be subject to...


(a) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations for the design, construction, alteration, repair, maintenance, operation, equipping, personnel qualification, and manning of vessels...


(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a vessel to which this chapter applies shall be equipped with a double hull - (1) if it is constructed or adapted to carry,...


A segregated ballast tank, a crude oil washing system, or an inert gas system, required by this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter, on a vessel entitled to...


(a) A new crude oil tanker of at least 20,000 deadweight tons shall be equipped with - (1) protectively located segregated ballast tanks; (2) a crude oil washing...


(a) A new product carrier of at least 30,000 deadweight tons shall be equipped with protectively located segregated ballast tanks. (b) A new product carrier of at least...


(a) A new tanker of at least 10,000 gross tons as measured under section 14502 of this title, or an alternate tonnage measured under section 14302 of this title as prescribed by...


A self-propelled tank vessel of at least 10,000 gross tons as measured under section 14502 of this title, or an alternate tonnage measured under section 14302 of this title...


The Secretary may exempt a vessel from the minimum requirements established by sections 3704-3706 of this title for segregated ballast, crude oil washing, and dedicated clean...


(a) A vessel of the United States to which this chapter applies that has on board oil or hazardous material in bulk as cargo or cargo residue must have a certificate of...


(a) A foreign vessel to which this chapter applies may operate on the navigable waters of the United States, or transfer oil or hazardous material in a port or place under...


The Secretary shall notify the owner, charterer, managing operator, agent, master, or individual in charge of a vessel found not to be in compliance with a regulation prescribed...


(a) A person may not - (1) violate this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter; (2) refuse to permit any official, authorized by the Secretary ...


(a)(1) The Secretary shall have each vessel to which this chapter applies inspected or examined at least once each year. (2) Each of those vessels that is more than 10 years of...


(a) A vessel may transfer oil or hazardous material in a port or place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, when the cargo has been transferred from another vessel on...


(a) A vessel may not transfer cargo in a port or place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States if, before arriving, the vessel has discharged tank washings containing oil...


(a) The Secretary shall establish a marine safety information system that shall contain information about each vessel to which this chapter applies that operates on the...


(a)(1) A person violating this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than $25,000. Each...


The Secretary shall, in consultation with the Towing Safety Advisory Committee and taking into consideration the characteristics, methods of operation, and the size and nature of ...


The Secretary of Agriculture may prescribe regulations governing the accommodations on board vessels for cattle, horses, mules, asses, sheep, goats, and swine to be carried from...


When the owner, charterer, managing operator, agent, master, or individual in charge of a vessel carrying animals referred to in section 3901 of this title willfully violates,...


This chapter applies to an uninspected vessel not subject to chapter 45 of this title - (1) on the navigable waters of the United States; or (2) owned in the United...


(a) Each uninspected vessel propelled by machinery shall be provided with the number, type, and size of fire extinguishers, capable of promptly and effectively extinguishing...


(a) The Secretary may exempt a vessel from any part of this chapter if, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary (including regulations on special operating conditions), the ...


...


(a) Chapter 43 of this title applies to an uninspected passenger vessel. (b) Within twenty-four months of the date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall,...


If a vessel to which this chapter applies is operated in violation of this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter, the owner, charterer, managing operator,...


(a) This chapter applies to a recreational vessel and associated equipment carried in the vessel on waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States (including the...


(a) The Secretary may prescribe regulations - (1) establishing minimum safety standards for recreational vessels and associated equipment, and establishing procedures and ...


(a) Subject to regulations, supervision, and reviews that the Secretary may prescribe, the Secretary may delegate to a person, private or public agency, or organization, or to...


The Secretary and the Secretary of the Treasury may authorize by joint regulations the importation of any nonconforming recreational vessel or associated equipment on...


If the Secretary considers that recreational vessel safety will not be adversely affected, the Secretary may issue an exemption from this chapter or a regulation prescribed under...


Unless permitted by the Secretary under section 4305 of this title, a State or political subdivision of a State may not establish, continue in effect, or enforce a law or regulation ...


(a) A person may not - (1) manufacture, construct, assemble, sell or offer for sale, introduce or deliver for introduction into interstate commerce, or import into...


If an official charged with the enforcement of this chapter observes a recreational vessel being operated without sufficient lifesaving or firefighting devices or in an overloaded...


(a) A recreational vessel manufacturer to whom this chapter applies shall establish and maintain records and reports and provide information the Secretary may require to enable the ...


(a) In this section, ''associated equipment'' includes only items or classes of associated equipment that the Secretary shall prescribe by regulation after deciding that...


(a) A person willfully operating a recreational vessel in violation of this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter shall be fined not more than $5,000, imprisoned...


(a) This chapter applies to an uninspected vessel which is a fishing vessel, fish processing vessel, or fish tender vessel. (b) This chapter does not apply to the carriage of...


(a) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations which require that each vessel to which this chapter applies shall be equipped with - (1) readily accessible fire...


(a) A fish processing vessel to which this section applies may not be operated unless the vessel - (1) meets all survey and classification requirements prescribed by...


A person may not operate a vessel in violation of this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter. ...


An official authorized to enforce this chapter - (1) may direct the individual in charge of a vessel to which this chapter applies to immediately take reasonable steps ...


(a) The Secretary may exempt a vessel from any part of this chapter if, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary (including regulations on special operating conditions), the ...


(a) The owner, charterer, managing operator, agent, master, and individual in charge of a vessel to which this chapter applies which is operated in violation of this chapter or...


(a) The Secretary shall establish a Commercial Fishing Industry Vessel Advisory Committee. The Committee - (1) may advise, consult with, report to, and make ...


In this chapter - (1) ''abandon'' means to moor, strand, wreck, sink, or leave a barge of more than 100 gross tons as measured under section 14502 of this title, or...


(a) (FOOTNOTE 1) An owner or operator of a barge may not abandon it on the navigable waters of the United States. A barge is deemed not to be abandoned if - (FOOTNOTE 1) So...


Thirty days after the notification procedures under section 4704(a)(1) are completed, the Secretary may assess a civil penalty of not more than $1,000 for each day of the...


(a)(1) The Secretary may remove a barge that is abandoned after complying with the following procedures: (A) If the identity of the owner or operator can be determined, ...


(a)(1) (FOOTNOTE 1) A barge removal contractor and its subcontractor (FOOTNOTE 2) not liable for damages that result from actions taken or omitted to be taken in the course...


In this chapter - (1) ''domestic voyage'' means movement of a vessel between places in, or subject to the jurisdiction of, the United States, except movement between - ...


(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, this chapter applies to the following: (1) a vessel of the United States. (2) a vessel on the navigable waters...


(a) A vessel may be operated only if the vessel has been assigned load lines. (b) The owner, charterer, managing operator, agent, master, and individual in charge of a...


(a) The Secretary shall assign load lines for a vessel so that they indicate the minimum safe freeboard to which the vessel may be loaded. However, if the owner requests,...


(a) The Secretary may provide for annual, renewal, and other load line surveys. (b) In conducting a load line survey, the Secretary shall consider whether - (1) the...


(a) On finding that a load line survey of a vessel under this chapter is satisfactory and that the vessel's load lines are marked correctly, the Secretary shall issue the vessel...


(a) The Secretary shall delegate to the American Bureau of Shipping or other similarly qualified organizations the authority to assign load lines, survey vessels, determine that...


(a) The Secretary may exempt a vessel from any part of this chapter when - (1) the vessel is entitled to an exemption under an international agreement to which the...


(a) When the Secretary finds that the laws and regulations of a foreign country related to load lines are similar to those of this chapter and the regulations prescribed under...


Notwithstanding sections 5103-5105 of this title, the Secretary may prescribe regulations for submersible vessels to provide a minimum level of safety. In developing the...


The Secretary may prescribe regulations requiring the owner, charterer, managing operator, and agent of a vessel to provide loading information (including information on...


(a) A vessel may not be loaded in a way that submerges the assigned load line or the place at which the load line is required to be marked on the vessel. (b) If the loading...


(a) When the Secretary believes that a vessel is about to leave a place in the United States in violation of this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter, the...


(a) With the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary may use an officer or employee of the United States Customs Service to enforce this chapter and the regulations ...


...


(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the owner, charterer, managing operator, agent, master, and individual in charge of a vessel violating this chapter or a regulation ...


(a) Licenses and certificates of registry are established for individuals who are required to hold licenses or certificates under this subtitle. (b) Under regulations...


Licenses and certificates of registry for individuals on documented vessels may be issued only to citizens of the United States. ...


(a) A license as radio officer may be issued only to an applicant who has a first-class or second-class radiotelegraph operator license issued by the Federal...


A certificate of registry as a medical doctor or professional nurse may be issued only to an applicant who has a license as a medical doctor or registered nurse, respectively,...


An applicant for a license or certificate of registry shall take, before the issuance of the license or certificate, an oath before a designated official, without concealment...


A license issued under this part is valid for 5 years and may be renewed for additional 5-year periods. However, the validity of a license issued to a radio officer is conditioned...


A certificate of registry issued under this part is valid for 5 years and may be renewed for additional 5-year periods. However, the validity of a certificate issued to a...


When the holder of a license or certificate of registry, the duration of which is conditioned under section 7106 or 7107 of this title, fails to hold the license required as...


The Secretary may review the criminal record of each holder of a license or certificate of registry issued under this part who applies for renewal of that license or certificate...


Each holder of a license issued under this part shall display, within 48 hours after employment on a vessel for which that license is required, the license in a conspicuous place...


An individual may take an oral examination for a license to serve on a fishing, fish processing, or fish tender vessel not required to be inspected under part B of this subtitle. ...


A master or mate licensed under this part who also qualifies as a pilot is not required to hold 2 licenses. Instead, the qualification of the master or mate as pilot shall...


A licensed master, mate, pilot, or engineer of a vessel inspected under part B of this subtitle, propelled by machinery or carrying hazardous liquid cargoes in bulk, is not liable...


The Secretary may prescribe by regulation reasonable fees for the inspection of and the issuance of a certificate, license, or permit related to small passenger vessels and...


(a) In this chapter - (1) ''service on deck'' means service in the deck department in work related to the work usually performed on board vessels by able seamen and...


(a) The Secretary shall issue a merchant mariner's document to an individual required to have that document under part F of this subtitle if the individual satisfies the...


A merchant mariner's document shall be retained by the seaman to whom issued. The document shall contain the signature, notations of nationality, age, and physical description,...


An individual applying for a merchant mariner's document shall provide satisfactory proof that the individual is a citizen of the United States before that notation is made on...


An applicant for a merchant mariner's document shall take, before issuance of the document, an oath that the applicant will perform faithfully and honestly all the duties required...


(a) To qualify for an endorsement as able seaman authorized by this section, an applicant must provide satisfactory proof that the applicant - (1) is at least 18 years...


The required service for the endorsement of able seaman - unlimited, qualified for unlimited service on a vessel on any waters, is at least 3 years' service on deck on board vessels ...


The required service for the endorsement of able seaman - limited, qualified for limited service on a vessel on any waters, is at least 18 months' service on deck on board vessels...


The required service for the endorsement of able seaman - special, qualified for special service on a vessel on any waters, is at least 12 months' service on deck on board...


For service on a vessel of less than 500 gross tons as measured under section 14502 of this title, or an alternate tonnage measured under section 14302 of this title as prescribed...


For service on a sailing school vessel on any waters, an individual may be rated as able seaman - sail if the individual has at least 6 months' service on deck on sailing...


For service on a fish processing vessel, an individual may be rated as able seaman - fishing industry if the individual has at least 6 months' service on deck on board...


(a) Individuals qualified as able seamen - unlimited under section 7307 of this title may constitute all of the able seamen required on a vessel. (b) Individuals qualified...


(a) Classes of endorsement as qualified members of the engine department on vessels of at least 100 gross tons as measured under section 14502 of this title, or an alternate...


To qualify for an endorsement as qualified member of the engine department, an applicant must provide proof that the applicant has 6 months' service in the related entry rating...


(a) Graduation from a nautical school vessel approved under law and regulation may be substituted for the service requirements under section 7307 or 7314 of this title. (b)...


To qualify for an endorsement as lifeboatman, an applicant must provide satisfactory proof that the applicant - (1) has the service or training required by regulation; ...


(a) The Secretary shall prescribe procedures, standards, and qualifications for the issuance of certificates or endorsements as tankerman, stating the types of oil or...


(a) A radiotelegraph operator on the Great Lakes only shall have a first-class or second-class radiotelegraph operator's license issued by the Federal Communications Commission. ...


The Secretary shall maintain records on each merchant mariner's document issued, including the name and address of the seaman to whom issued and the next of kin of the seaman....


(a) If a license, certificate of registry, or merchant mariner's document issued under this part is lost as a result of a marine casualty, the holder shall be supplied with...


The Secretary shall maintain computerized records on the issuances, denials, suspensions, and revocations of licenses, certificates of registry, merchant mariners' documents, and ...


((a) Repealed. Pub. L. 101-380, title IV, Sec. 4103(a)(2)(B), Aug. 18, 1990, 104 Stat. 511.) (b) A license, certificate of registry, or merchant mariner's document authorized...


When a requirement to qualify for the issuance of, or endorsement on, a certificate, license, or document under this part is administered at a place at the request of an applicant...


The Secretary shall make information received from the National Driver Register under section 206(b)(7) of the National Driver Register Act of 1982 (23 U.S.C. 401 note) available...


Notwithstanding any provision of section 14302(c) or 14305 of this title, the Secretary may - (1) evaluate the service of an individual who is applying for a license,...


(a) The purpose of suspension and revocation proceedings is to promote safety at sea. (b) Licenses, certificates of registry, and merchant mariners' documents may be...


(a) Sections 551-559 of title 5 apply to each hearing under this chapter about suspending or revoking a license, certificate of registry, or merchant mariner's document. (b)...


A license, certificate of registry, or merchant mariner's document issued by the Secretary may be suspended or revoked if the holder - (1) when acting under the authority...


((a) Repealed. Pub. L. 101-380, title IV, Sec. 4103(a)(2)(B), Aug. 18, 1990, 104 Stat. 511.) (b) If it is shown at a hearing under this chapter that a holder of a...


(a) An official designated to investigate or preside at a hearing on matters that are grounds for suspension or revocation of licenses, certificates of registry, and...


(a) The certificate of inspection issued to a vessel under part B of this subtitle shall state the complement of licensed individuals and crew (including lifeboatmen) considered...


(a) The owner, charterer, or managing operator of a vessel carrying passengers during the nighttime shall keep a suitable number of watchmen in the vicinity of the cabins...


(a) Only a citizen of the United States may serve as master, chief engineer, radio officer, or officer in charge of a deck watch or engineering watch on a documented vessel. ...


(a) An owner, charterer, managing operator, master, individual in charge, or other person having authority may permit an officer to take charge of the deck watch on a vessel...


Notwithstanding any other provision of law, neither the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, nor any amendment...


(a) Except as provided in chapter 89 of this title and except for a vessel operating only on rivers, harbors, lakes (except the Great Lakes), bays, sounds, bayous, and canals,...


(a) This section applies to a vessel of the United States except - (1) a fishing or whaling vessel or a yacht; (2) a vessel operated only on bays, sounds, inland...


An individual issued a license without examination before October 29, 1941, to serve as master, mate, or engineer on a vessel not subject to inspection under part B of this...


(a) In this section, ''high seas'' means waters seaward of the Boundary Line. (b) The Officers' Competency Certificates Convention, 1936 (International Labor Organization...


(a) Except as otherwise provided in this subtitle, pilots in the bays, rivers, harbors, and ports of the United States shall be regulated only in conformity with the laws of...


(a) Except as provided in subsections (g) and (i) of this section, a coastwise seagoing vessel shall be under the direction and control of a pilot licensed under section 7101 of...


(a) The Secretary may require a pilot licensed under section 7101 of this title on a self-propelled vessel when a pilot is not required by State law and the vessel is - ...


(a) This section applies to a merchant vessel of at least 100 gross tons as measured under section 14502 of this title, or an alternate tonnage measured under section 14302 of...


(a) This section applies to a vessel of at least 100 gross tons as measured under section 14502 of this title, or an alternate tonnage measured under section 14302 of this title...


(a) A vessel of the United States to which chapter 37 of this title applies, that has on board oil or hazardous material in bulk as cargo or cargo residue, shall have a...


An alien is deemed to be employed in the United States for purposes of section 274A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1324a) if the alien is an unlicensed...


A freight vessel of less than 100 gross tons as measured under section 14502 of this title, or an alternate tonnage measured under section 14302 of this title as prescribed by...


A small passenger vessel shall be operated by an individual licensed by the Secretary to operate that type of vessel in the particular geographic area, under prescribed regulations. ...


A self-propelled, uninspected passenger vessel shall be operated by an individual licensed by the Secretary to operate that type of vessel, under prescribed regulations. ...


(a) A towing vessel that is at least 26 feet in length measured from end to end over the deck (excluding sheer), shall be operated by an individual licensed by the Secretary...


(a) Section 8903 of this title applies to a recreational vessel operated in dealer demonstrations only if the Secretary decides that the application of section 8903 is necessary...


An owner, charterer, managing operator, agent, master, or individual in charge of a vessel operated in violation of this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter...


(a)(1) The Secretary shall evaluate the manning, training, qualification, and watchkeeping standards of a foreign country that issues documentation for any vessel to which chapter...


(a) The Secretary shall prescribe standards for the manning of each vessel of the United States to which chapter 37 of this title applies, related to the duties, qualifications,...


In this chapter - (1) ''Canadian registered pilot'' means an individual (except a regular crewmember of a vessel) who is registered by Canada on the same basis as...


(a)(1) Except as provided in subsections (d), (e), and (f) of this section, each vessel of the United States operating on register and each foreign vessel shall engage a United...


(a) The Secretary shall prescribe by regulation standards of competency to be met by each applicant for registration under this chapter. An applicant must - (1) have...


(a) The Secretary may authorize the formation of a pool by a voluntary association of United States registered pilots to provide for efficient dispatching of vessels and rendering...


To provide for a coordinated system of pilotage service on the Great Lakes, the Secretary, subject to the concurrence of the Secretary of State, may make agreements with...


A State or political subdivision of a State may not regulate or impose any requirement on pilotage on the Great Lakes. ...


(a) The Secretary shall establish a Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee. The Committee - (1) may review proposed Great Lakes pilotage regulations and policies and...


(a) An owner, charterer, managing operator, agent, master, or individual in charge of a vessel knowingly allowing the vessel to be operated in violation of section 9302 of this...


In this part - (1) ''master'' means the individual having command of a vessel. (2) ''owner'' means the person to whom the vessel belongs. (3) ''seaman'' means...


...


(a) A master of a vessel to which section 8701(a) of this title applies, who engages or discharges a seaman, shall submit reports to the vessel owner in the form, content, and...


(a) A master or other individual in charge of a documented vessel shall report to the Secretary a complaint of a sexual offense prohibited under chapter 109A of title 18,...


(a) Except as otherwise specifically provided, this chapter applies to a vessel of the United States - (1) on a voyage between a port in the United States and a port in...


(a) The owner, charterer, managing operator, master, or individual in charge shall make a shipping agreement in writing with each seaman before the seaman commences employment. ...


(a) A seaman shall be served at least 3 meals a day that total at least 3,100 calories, including adequate water and adequate protein, vitamins, and minerals in accordance with...


The form of the agreement required by section 10302 of this title shall be in substance as follows: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Date and place of...


The agreement required by section 10302 of this title shall be signed - (1) first by the master and dated at that time, after which each seaman shall sign; and ...


Before signing the agreement required by section 10302 of this title, each individual required by section 8701 of this title to have a merchant mariner's document shall exhibit to...


At the beginning of a voyage, the master shall have a legible copy of the agreement required by section 10302 of this title, omitting signatures, exhibited in a part of the...


When a seaman is engaged outside the United States, the agreement required by section 10302 of this title shall be signed in the presence of a consular officer. If a consular...


(a) If a desertion or casualty results in the loss of at least one seaman, the master shall engage, if obtainable, a number equal to the number of seamen of whose services the...


A master shall deliver to a seaman a full and true account of the seaman's wages and all deductions at least 48 hours before paying off or discharging the seaman. ...


(a) On discharging a seaman and paying the seaman's wages, the master or individual in charge shall provide the seaman with a certificate of discharge. The form of the...


When discharge and settlement are completed, the master, individual in charge, or owner and each seaman shall sign the agreement required by section 10302 of this title. ...


(a) A seaman's entitlement to wages and provisions begins when the seaman begins work or when specified in the agreement required by section 10302 of this title for the seaman...


(a)(1) A person may not - (A) pay a seaman wages in advance of the time when the seaman has earned the wages; (B) pay advance wages of the seaman to another person; or ...


(a) Under prescribed regulations, a seaman may stipulate as follows in the agreement required by section 10302 of this title for an allotment of any part of the wages the seaman...


Sections 10314 and 10315 of this title do not prevent an employer from making deductions from the wages of a seaman, with the written consent of the seaman, if - (1)...


A master or seaman by any agreement other than one provided for in this chapter may not forfeit the master's or seaman's lien on the vessel or be deprived of a remedy to which...


(a) When a master or seaman applies to a consular officer for the discharge of the seaman, the consular officer shall require the master to pay the seaman's wages if it appears...


In a proceeding about a seaman's wages, if it is shown that the seaman was convicted during the voyage of an offense by a competent tribunal and sentenced by the tribunal, the...


The Secretary shall prescribe regulations requiring vessel owners to maintain records of seamen on matters of engagement, discharge, and service. A vessel owner shall make...


(a) A person violating any provision of this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not more...


(a) Except for a vessel to which chapter 103 of this title applies, this chapter applies to a vessel of at least 50 gross tons as measured under section 14502 of this title, or...


(a) The owner, charterer, managing operator, master, or individual in charge shall make a shipping agreement in writing with each seaman before the seaman commences employment. ...


Before signing the agreement required by section 10502 of this title, a seaman required by section 8701 of this title to have a merchant mariner's document shall exhibit to the...


(a) After the beginning of a voyage, a seaman is entitled to receive from the master, on demand, one-half of the balance of wages earned and unpaid at each port at which the...


(a)(1) A person may not - (A) pay a seaman wages in advance of the time when the seaman has earned the wages; (B) pay advance wages of the seaman to another person; or ...


Section 10505 of this title does not prevent an employer from making deductions from the wages of a seaman, with the written consent of the seaman, if - (1) the deductions...


...


(a) A master who carries a seaman on a voyage without first making the agreement required by section 10502 of this title shall pay to the seaman the highest wage that was paid for...


(a) A seaman who fails to be on board at the time contained in the agreement required by section 10502 of this title, without having given 24 hours' notice of inability to do...


(a) Before proceeding on a voyage, the master or individual in charge of a fishing vessel, fish processing vessel, or fish tender vessel shall make a fishing agreement in writing...


(a) When fish caught under an agreement under section 10601 of this title are delivered to the owner of the vessel for processing and are sold, the vessel is liable in rem for...


(a) A seaman on a fishing vessel, fish processing vessel, or fish tender vessel shall notify the master or individual in charge of the vessel or other agent of the employer...


(a) Except as otherwise specifically provided, this chapter applies to a vessel on a voyage between - (1) a port of the United States and a port in a foreign country ...


(a) When a seaman dies during a voyage, the master shall take charge of the seaman's money and property. An entry shall be made in the official logbook, signed by the master,...


(a) If the vessel is proceeding to the United States when a seaman dies, the master shall deliver the seaman's money, property, and wages when the agreement required by this part...


When a seaman dies outside the United States leaving money or property not on board a vessel, the consular officer nearest the place at which the money and property is located...


When money, property, or wages of a deceased seaman comes into possession of a consular officer, the officer may - (1) sell the property and remit the proceeds and other money...


When a seaman dies in the United States and is entitled at death to claim money, property, or wages from the master or owner of a vessel on which the seaman served, the master...


...


A district court of the United States may direct the sale of any part of the property of a deceased seaman. Proceeds of the sale shall be held as wages of the seaman are held. ...


(a)(1) If the money, property, and wages of a seaman, including proceeds from the sale of property, are not more than $1,500 in value, the court, subject to deductions it allows...


(a) When a claim for the money, property, or wages of a deceased seaman held by a district court of the United States has not been substantiated within 6 years after their receipt...


An owner or master violating this chapter are each liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of 3 times the value of the seaman's money, property, and wages...


This chapter applies to a vessel of the United States except a fishing or whaling vessel or a yacht. ...


(a)(1) If the chief and second mates or a majority of the crew of a vessel ready to begin a voyage discover, before the vessel leaves harbor, that the vessel is unfit as to...


(a) On application made under section 10902(a) of this title, the judge or justice of the peace shall appoint 3 experienced and skilled marine surveyors to examine the vessel for...


After a judgment under section 10903 of this title that a vessel is fit to proceed on the intended voyage, or after the order of a judgment to make up deficiencies is complied...


(a) When a complaint under section 10902(a) of this title is made in a foreign port, the procedures of this chapter shall be followed, with a consular officer performing the duties...


When a survey is made at a foreign port, the surveyors shall state in the report whether, in their opinion, the vessel had been sent to sea unsuitably provided in any...


(a) A master may not refuse to permit, deny the opportunity to, or hinder a seaman who wishes to make a complaint authorized by this chapter. (b) A master violating this...


A person that knowingly sends or attempts to send, or that is a party to sending or attempting to send, a vessel of the United States to sea, in an unseaworthy state that is likely...


(a) On a merchant vessel of the United States the construction of which began after March 4, 1915 (except a yacht, pilot vessel, or vessel of less than 100 gross tons as...


(a) A vessel of the United States on a voyage from a port in the United States to a foreign port (except to a Canadian port), and a vessel of the United States of at least 75...


(a) A vessel to which section 11102 of this title applies shall be provided with a slop chest containing sufficient clothing for the intended voyage for each seaman, including - ...


(a) A consular officer shall provide, for a destitute seaman of the United States, subsistence and passage to a port of the United States in the most reasonable manner, at the...


(a) When a vessel of the United States is sold in a foreign country, the master shall deliver to the consular officer a certified crew list and the agreement required by this part....


(a) Before a seaman on a vessel of the United States is discharged in a foreign country by a consular officer on the seaman's complaint that the agreement required by this part has ...


An engagement of a seaman contrary to a law of the United States is void. A seaman so engaged may leave the service of the vessel at any time and is entitled to recover the...


(a) Withholding. - Wages due or accruing to a master or seaman on a vessel in the foreign, coastwise, intercoastal, interstate, or noncontiguous trade or an individual employed on...


(a) Wages due or accruing to a master or seaman are not subject to attachment or arrestment from any court, except for an order of a court about the payment by a master or seaman...


The clothing of a seaman is exempt from attachments and liens. A person detaining a seaman's clothing shall be fined not more than $500, imprisoned for not more than 6 months,...


When a seaman is on a voyage on which a written agreement is required under this part, not more than $1 is recoverable from the seaman by a person for a debt incurred by the...


The master of a documented vessel has the same lien against the vessel for the master's wages and the same priority as any other seaman serving on the vessel. ...


(a) Eligibility. - (1) In general. - The qualified service of a person referred to in paragraph (2) shall be considered to be active duty in the Armed Forces during...


For purposes of this chapter, a person shall be considered to have engaged in qualified service if, between August 16, 1945, and December 31, 1946, the person - (1) was...


(a) Record of Service. - The Secretary, or in the case of personnel of the Army Transport Service or the Naval Transport Service, the Secretary of Defense, shall, upon application - ...


(a) Collection of Fees. - The Secretary, or in the case of personnel of the Army Transport Service or the Naval Transport Service, the Secretary of Defense, shall collect a fee of...


(a) Except a vessel on a voyage from a port in the United States to a port in Canada, a vessel of the United States shall have an official logbook if the vessel is - (1) on...


Each entry made in the official logbook - (1) shall be made as soon as possible after the occurrence; (2) if not made on the day of the occurrence, shall be dated ...


(a) A master failing to maintain an official logbook as required by this part is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of $200. (b) A master failing to...


When a seaman lawfully engaged commits any of the following offenses, the seaman shall be punished as specified: (1) For desertion, the seaman forfeits any part of the money or ...


(a) When an offense listed in section 11501 of this title is committed, an entry shall be made in the vessel's official logbook - (1) on the day of the offense; ...


(a) A consular officer shall use every means to discountenance insubordination on vessels of the United States, including employing the aid of local authorities. (b) When...


When an offense by a seaman also is a criminal violation, it is not necessary that a criminal proceeding be brought to enforce a forfeiture. ...


(a) Money, property, and wages forfeited under this chapter for desertion may be applied to compensate the owner or master of the vessel for expenses caused by the desertion....


A seaman in the merchant marine may not wear a sheath knife on board a vessel without the consent of the master. The master of a vessel of the United States shall inform each...


When an officer of a vessel of the United States (except the master) has violated section 2191 of title 18, and the master has actual knowledge of the offense or if complaint is...


(a) In this chapter - (1) ''fisheries'' includes processing, storing, transporting (except in foreign commerce), planting, cultivating, catching, taking, or...


(a) A vessel of at least 5 net tons that is not registered under the laws of a foreign country is eligible for documentation if the vessel is owned by - (1) an individual...


(a) Except as provided in section 12123 of this title, on application by the owner of a vessel eligible for documentation, the Secretary of Transportation shall issue a...


A certificate of documentation is - (1) conclusive evidence of nationality for international purposes, but not in a proceeding conducted under the laws of the ...


(a) A certificate of documentation may be endorsed with a registry endorsement. (b) A vessel for which a registry endorsement is issued may be employed in foreign trade or...


(a) A certificate of documentation may be endorsed with a coastwise endorsement for a vessel that - (1) is eligible for documentation; (2)(A) was built in the...


...


(a) A certificate of documentation may be endorsed with a fishery endorsement for a vessel that - (1) is eligible for documentation; (2)(A) was built in the United...


(a) A certificate of documentation with a recreational endorsement may be issued for a vessel that is eligible for documentation. (b) A documented vessel with a...


(a) A vessel may not be employed in a trade except a trade covered by the endorsement issued for that vessel. (b) A barge qualified to be employed in the coastwise trade may ...


(a) A certificate of documentation is invalid if the vessel for which it is issued - (1) no longer meets the requirements of this chapter and regulations prescribed...


(a) The Secretary of Transportation and the Secretary of State, acting jointly, may provide for the issuance of a certificate of documentation with an appropriate endorsement for...


...


The Secretary of Transportation may provide for the recording and certifying of information about vessels built in the United States that the Secretary considers to be in the...


...


The Secretary of Transportation shall publish periodically a list of all documented vessels and information about those vessels that the Secretary considers pertinent or useful....


To ensure compliance with this chapter and laws governing the qualifications of vessels to engage in the coastwise trade and the fisheries, the Secretary of Transportation may...


...


(a) A person that violates this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than $10,000. Each...


When the owner of a vessel fails to pay a civil penalty assessed by the Secretary, the Secretary may deny the issuance or renewal of an endorsement or revoke the endorsement on...


(a) A documented vessel shall not be titled by a State or required to display numbers under chapter 123, and any certificate of title issued by a State for a documented vessel...


(a) An undocumented vessel equipped with propulsion machinery of any kind shall have a number issued by the proper issuing authority in the State in which the vessel principally...


(a) The Secretary shall prescribe by regulation a standard numbering system for vessels to which this chapter applies. On application by a State, the Secretary shall approve a...


(a) When the Secretary is the authority issuing a number under this chapter, the Secretary may exempt a vessel or class of vessels from the numbering requirements of this...


(a) A certificate of number is granted for a number issued under this chapter. The certificate shall be pocketsized, shall be at all times available for inspection on the vessel...


A number required by this chapter shall be painted on, or attached to, each side of the forward half of the vessel for which it was issued, and shall be the size, color, and type...


When a State is the authority issuing a number under this chapter, it may require that the individual in charge of a numbered vessel have a valid safety certificate issued...


The authority issuing a number under this chapter may prescribe regulations and establish fees to carry out the intent of this chapter. The fees shall apply equally to residents...


A person may request from an authority issuing a number under this chapter the numbering and registration information of a vessel that is retrievable from vessel numbering...


(a) A person willfully violating this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter shall be fined not more than $5,000, imprisoned for not more than one year, or both. ...


(a) The Secretary of Transportation shall establish a vessel identification system to make available information under section 12503 of this title for use by the public for...


(a) For the identification of a vessel of the United States, the Secretary of Transportation - (1) shall maintain a unique numbering system and assign a number to...


(a) Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c) of this section, a State or a State's delegee approved by the Secretary of Transportation may make information available to...


For law enforcement or other purposes and under conditions prescribed by the Secretary of Transportation, the Secretary - (1) shall make available information in the vessel ...


(a) The Secretary of Transportation may charge a fee under section 9701 of title 31 for providing information to or requesting information from the vessel identification...


The Secretary of Transportation may delegate to an agency, a State, or a qualified person the authority to - (1) establish and maintain the vessel identification system; ...


(a) A person shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 2 years, or both, if the person with the intent to defraud - (1) provides false information to...


(a) To encourage greater State participation and uniformity in boating safety efforts, and particularly to permit the States to assume the greater share of boating safety...


(a) The Secretary shall make a contract with, and allocate and distribute amounts from the Boat Safety Account established by section 9504 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to,...


(a) The Secretary shall allocate amounts available for allocation and distribution under this chapter for State recreational boating safety programs as follows: (1)...


(a)(1) Amounts allocated to a State shall be available for obligation by that State for a period of 2 years after the date of allocation. (2) Amounts allocated to a State...


(a) Consistent with regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the computation by a State of amounts expended for the State recreational boating safety program shall include - ...


(a)(1) Subject to paragraph (2) and subsection (c), the Secretary shall expend in each fiscal year for State recreational boating safety programs, under contracts with States...


...


(a) Amounts allocated and distributed under section 13103 of this title shall be computed and paid to the States as follows: (1) During the second quarter of a fiscal year and...


(a) In carrying out responsibilities under this chapter, the Secretary may consult with State and local governments, public and private agencies, organizations and committees,...


(a) The Secretary shall establish a National Boating Safety Advisory Council. The Council shall consist of 21 members appointed by the Secretary, whom the Secretary considers to...


In this part - (1) ''Convention'' means the International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships, 1969. (2) ''existing vessel'' means a vessel the keel of which...


...


(a) The Secretary may delegate to a qualified person the authority to measure a vessel and issue an International Tonnage Certificate (1969) or other appropriate certificate...


(a) When the application of a law of the United States to a vessel depends on the vessel's tonnage, the vessel shall be measured under this part. (b) If a statute allows for...


(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, this chapter applies to the following: (1) a documented vessel. (2) a vessel that is to be documented under chapter...


(a) The Secretary shall measure a vessel to which this chapter applies in the way provided by this chapter and the Convention. (b) Except as provided in section 1602(a) of...


(a) After measuring a vessel under this chapter, the Secretary shall issue, on request of the owner, an International Tonnage Certificate (1969) and deliver it to the owner or...


(a) To the extent necessary, the Secretary shall remeasure a vessel to which this chapter applies if - (1) the Secretary or the owner alleges an error in its ...


(a) On request of the owner of a documented vessel measured under this chapter, the Secretary also shall measure the vessel under chapter 145 of this title. The tonnages...


(a) When the Secretary finds that the laws and regulations of a foreign country related to measurement of vessels are similar to those of this chapter and the regulations...


(a) The Secretary may inspect a vessel of a foreign country to verify that - (1) the vessel has an International Tonnage Certificate (1969) and the main characteristics...


This chapter applies to the following: (1) a vessel not measured under chapter 143 of this title if - (A) the vessel is to be documented under chapter 121 of this ...


The Secretary shall measure a vessel to which this chapter applies in the way provided by this chapter. ...


The Secretary shall prescribe the certificate to be issued as evidence of a vessel's measurement under this chapter. ...


(a) To the extent necessary, the Secretary shall remeasure a vessel to which this chapter applies if - (1) the Secretary or the owner alleges an error in its measurement; ...


This subchapter applies to a vessel described in section 14501 of this title if - (1) the owner requests; or (2) the vessel is - (A) self-propelled; ...


(a) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations for measuring the gross and net tonnages of a vessel under this subchapter. The regulations shall provide for tonnages comparable to...


(a) On application by the owner and approval by the Secretary, the tonnage of spaces prescribed by the Secretary may be excluded in measuring under this section the gross tonnage of...


This subchapter applies to a vessel described in section 14501 of this title that is not measured under subchapter II of this chapter. ...


(a) In this section, ''length'' means the horizontal distance of the hull between the foremost part of the stem and the aftermost part of the stern, excluding fittings...


The owner, charterer, managing operator, agent, master, and individual in charge of a vessel violating this part or a regulation prescribed under this part are each liable to...


A person knowingly making a false statement or representation in a matter in which a statement or representation is required by this part or a regulation prescribed under this part...


In this subtitle - (1) ''documented vessel'' means a vessel documented under chapter 121 of this title; (2) ''foreign vessel'' means a vessel of foreign registry or ...


In this chapter - (1) ''acknowledge'' means making - (A) an acknowledgment or notarization before a notary public or other official authorized by a law of the...


The Secretary of Transportation shall - (1) make any instrument filed or recorded with the Secretary under this chapter available for public inspection; (2) on...


If a mortgage covers a vessel and additional property that is not a vessel, this chapter does not authorize a civil action in rem to enforce the rights of the mortgagee under...


(a) If a person makes a contract secured by, or on the credit of, a vessel covered by a mortgage filed or recorded under this chapter and sustains a monetary loss because...


This chapter does not prevent a mortgagee or other lien holder from waiving or subordinating at any time by agreement or otherwise the lien holder's right to a lien, the priority...


(a) Except as provided by the Secretary of Transportation, when an instrument transferring an interest in a vessel is presented to the Secretary for filing or recording,...


This chapter supersedes any State statute conferring a lien on a vessel to the extent the statute establishes a claim to be enforced by a civil action in rem against the vessel...


When the Secretary of Commerce or Transportation is a mortgagee under this chapter, the Secretary may foreclose on a lien arising from a right established under a mortgage under...


Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a person violating this chapter or a regulation prescribed under this chapter is liable to the United States Government for a...


(a)(1) A bill of sale, conveyance, mortgage, assignment, or related instrument, whenever made, that includes any part of a documented vessel or a vessel for which an application for ...


(a) A preferred mortgage is a mortgage, whenever made, that - (1) includes the whole of the vessel; (2) is filed in substantial compliance with section 31321 of ...


(a) On request of the mortgagee and before executing a preferred mortgage, the mortgagor shall disclose in writing to the mortgagee the existence of any obligation known to...


(a) On request, the owner, master, or individual in charge of a vessel covered by a preferred mortgage shall permit a person to examine the mortgage if the person has business...


(a) A preferred mortgage is a lien on the mortgaged vessel in the amount of the outstanding mortgage indebtedness secured by the vessel. (b) On default of any term of...


(a) When a vessel is sold by order of a district court in a civil action in rem brought to enforce a preferred mortgage lien or a maritime lien, any claim in the vessel existing...


The interest of a mortgagee in a documented vessel or a vessel covered by a preferred mortgage under section 31322(d) of this title may be terminated by a forfeiture of the vessel...


...


(a) A documented vessel may be sold by order of a district court only to - (1) a person eligible to own a documented vessel under section 12102 of this title; or ...


(a)(1) A mortgagor shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 2 years, or both, if the mortgagor - (A) with intent to defraud, does not disclose an obligation...


(a) The following persons are presumed to have authority to procure necessaries for a vessel: (1) the owner; (2) the master; (3) a person entrusted with...


(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, a person providing necessaries to a vessel on the order of the owner or a person authorized by the owner - (1) has...


(a) Except as provided under subsection (d) of this section, a person claiming a lien on a vessel covered by a preferred mortgage filed or recorded under this chapter may record...




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