Title 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
Chapter I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN


Subpart A_General Provisions Sec. 170.3 Definitions. 170.6 Opinion letters on food additive status. 170.10 Food additives in standardized foods. 170.15 Adoption...


(a) Over the years the Food and Drug Administration has given informal written opinions to inquiries as to the [[Page 10]] safety of articles intended for use as...


(a) The inclusion of food ingredients in parts 170 through 189 of this chapter does not imply that these ingredients may be used in standardized foods unless they are recognized...


(a) The Commissioner upon his own initiative may propose the issuance of a regulation prescribing, with respect to any particular use of a food additive, the conditions...


to market edible products from experimental animals. A food additive or food containing a food additive intended for investigational use by...


(a) Food additives that cause similar or related pharmacological effects will be regarded as a class, and in the absence of evidence to the contrary, as having additive toxic effects...


pesticide chemical residues occur in processed foods due to the use of raw agricultural commodities that bore or contained a pesticide chemical in conformity with an exemption...


(a) In reaching a decision on any petition filed under section 409 of the Act, the Commissioner will give full consideration to the specific...


with section 409(c)(5)(C) of the Act, the following [[Page 13]] safety factors will be applied in determining whether the proposed use of a food additive will...


safe (GRAS). (a) General recognition of safety may be based only on the views of experts qualified by scientific training and experience to evaluate the safety...


(a) The Commissioner, either on his initiative or on the petition of an interested person, may affirm the GRAS status of substances that directly or indirectly...


(a) The Commissioner may, in accordance with Sec. 170.35(b)(4) or (c)(5), publish a notice in the Federal Register determining that a substance is not GRAS and is a food additive...


(a) A substance used in a food-contact article (e.g., food-packaging or food-processing equipment) that migrates, or that may be expected to...


The Commissioner of Food and Drugs has concluded that it is in the interest of the public health to limit the addition of fluorine compounds to foods (a) to that resulting...


consumption. (a) Heretofore, the Food and Drug Administration has expressed the opinion in trade correspondence that glycine is generally recognized as safe...


(a) Nitrites and/or nitrates are food additives when combined in curing premixes with spices and/or other flavoring or seasoning ingredients that contain or constitute...


contact substance (FCN) to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Source: 67 FR 35729, May 21, 2002, unless otherwise noted. (a) An FCN is effective for...


substance (FCN). An FCN must contain the following: (a) A comprehensive discussion of the basis for the manufacturer's or supplier's determination that...


for a food contact substance (FCN). (a) During the 120-day period of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) review of an FCN, FDA will not disclose publicly...


a food contact substance (FCN). A manufacturer or supplier may withdraw an FCN without prejudice to a future submission to the Food and Drug Administration...


(FCN). (a) If the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not object to an FCN within the 120-day period for FDA review, the FCN becomes effective. (b) If...


a premarket notification for a food contact substance (FCN) is no longer effective. (a) If data or other information available to FDA, including...


(a) In order for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to accept an NFCSF, any food additive that is a component of the formulation must be authorized for...


Subpart A_General Provisions Sec. 171.1 Petitions. 171.6 Amendment of petition. 171.7 Withdrawal of petition without prejudice. 171.8 Threshold of...


been filed, the petitioner may submit additional information or data in support thereof. In such cases, if the Commissioner determines that the additional information or...


(a) In some cases the Commissioner will notify the petitioner that the petition, while technically complete, is inadequate to justify the establishment of a regulation or...


articles. Substances used in food-contact articles (e.g., food-packaging or food-processing equipment) that migrate or that may be expected to migrate into...


(a) The Commissioner will forward for publication in the Federal Register, within 90 days after filing of the petition (or within 180 days if the time is extended...


[Code of Federal Regulations] [Title 21, Volume 3] [Revised as of April 1, 2004] From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access [CITE: 21CFR171.102] [Page 29] TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) PART 171_FOOD ADDITIVE PETITIONS--Table of Contents Subpart B_Administrative Actions on Applications Sec. 171.102 Effective date of regulation. A regulation published in accordance with Sec. 171.100(a) shall become effective upon publication in the Federal Register. ...


Objections and hearings relating to food additive regulations under section 409 (c), (d), or (h) of the Act shall be governed by part 12 of this chapter. [42...


or exemptions from tolerances. (a) The Commissioner, on his own initiative or on the petition of any interested person, pursuant to part 10 of this...


General provisions for direct food additives. Subpart A_General Provisions Sec. 172.5 General provisions for direct...


Anoxomer. Anoxomer as identified in this section may be safely used in accordance with the following conditions: (a) Anoxomer is...


BHA. The food additive BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) alone or in combination with other antioxidants permitted in food for human consumption in this subpart...


BHT. The food additive BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene), alone or in combination with other antioxidants permitted in this subpart B may be safely used in or...


Calcium disodium EDTA. The food additive calcium disodium EDTA (calcium disodium ethylene- diaminetetraacetate) may be safely used in designated foods for...


Dehydroacetic acid. The food additive dehydroacetic acid and/or its sodium salt may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


Dimethyl dicarbonate. Dimethyl dicarbonate (CAS Reg. No. 4525-33-1) may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


Disodium EDTA. The food additive disodium EDTA (disodium ethylenediaminetetraace tate) may be safely used in designated foods for the purposes and...


Ethoxyquin. (a) Ethoxyquin (1,2-dihydro-6-ethoxy-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline) may be safely used as an antioxidant for preservation of color in the production...


Heptylparaben. (a) The food additive heptylparaben is the chemical n-heptyl p- hydroxybenzoate. (b) It may be safely used to inhibit microbiological spoilage...


4-Hydroxymethyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol. The food additive 4-hydroxymethyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol may be safely used in food in accordance with the...


Natamycin (pimaricin). (a) Natamycin (CAS Reg. No. 7681-93-8), also known as pimaricin, is a polyene macrolide antimycotic substance possessing an...


Potassium nitrate. The food additive potassium nitrate may be safely used as a curing agent in the processing of cod roe, in an amount not to exceed 200 parts...


Quaternary ammonium chloride combination. The food additive, quaternary ammonium chloride combination, may be safely used in food in accordance with the...


Sodium nitrate. The food additive sodium nitrate may be safely used in or on specified foods in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a)...


Sodium nitrite. The food additive sodium nitrite may be safely used in or on specified foods in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) It...


Sodium nitrite used in processing smoked chub. The food additive sodium nitrite may be safely used in combination with salt (NaCl) to aid in inhibiting...


Stannous chloride. The food additive stannous chloride may be safely used for color retention in asparagus packed in glass, with lids lined with an...


TBHQ. The food additive TBHQ, which is the chemical 2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)- 1,4-benzenediol (Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 1948-33-0), also known...


THBP. The food additive THBP (2,4,5-trihydroxybutyrophenone) may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The...


172.210 Coatings on fresh citrus fruit. Coatings may be applied to fresh citrus fruit for protection of the fruit in accordance with the...


172.215 Coumarone-indene resin. The food additive coumarone-indene resin may be safely used on grapefruit, lemons, limes, oranges, tangelos, and tangerines...


172.225 Methyl and ethyl esters of fatty acids produced from edible fats and oils. Methyl esters and ethyl esters of fatty acids produced from edible...


172.230 Microcapsules for flavoring substances. Microcapsules may be safely used for encapsulating discrete particles of flavoring substances that are...


172.235 Morpholine. Morpholine may be safely used as a component of food, subject to the following restrictions. (a) It is used as the salt(s) of one or...


172.250 Petroleum naphtha. Petroleum naphtha may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions: (a) The additive is a mixture...


172.255 Polyacrylamide. Polyacrylamide containing not more than 0.2 percent of acrylamide monomer may be safely used as a film former in the imprinting...


172.260 Oxidized polyethylene. Oxidized polyethylene may be safely used as a component of food, subject to the following restrictions: (a)...


172.270 Sulfated butyl oleate. Sulfate butyl oleate may be safely used in food, subject to the following prescribed conditions: (a) The additive is...


172.275 Synthetic paraffin and succinic derivatives. Synthetic paraffin and succinic derivatives identified in this section may be safely used as a component...


172.280 Terpene resin. The food additive terpene resin may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The food additive...


172.310 Aluminum nicotinate. Aluminum nicotinate may be safely used as a source of niacin in foods for special dietary use. A statement of the...


172.315 Nicotinamide-ascorbic acid complex. Nicotinamide-ascorbic acid complex may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


172.320 Amino acids. The food additive amino acids may be safely used as nutrients added to foods in accordance with the following conditions: (a)...


172.325 Bakers yeast protein. Bakers yeast protein may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions: (a) Bakers yeast protein is...


172.330 Calcium pantothenate, calcium chloride double salt. The food additive calcium chloride double salt of calcium pantothenate may be safely used in...


172.335 D-Pantothenamide. The food additive D-pantothenamide as a source of pantothenic acid activity, may be safely used in foods for special dietary use in...


172.340 Fish protein isolate. (a) The food additive fish protein isolate may be safely used as a food supplement in accordance with the following...


172.345 Folic acid (folacin). Folic acid (CAS Reg. No. 59-30-3), also known as folacin or folate, may be safely used in food as a nutrient in accordance...


172.350 Fumaric acid and salts of fumaric acid. Fumaric acid and its calcium, ferrous, magnesium, potassium, and sodium salts may be safely used in food...


172.365 Kelp. Kelp may be safely added to a food as a source of the essential mineral iodine, provided the maximum intake of the food as may be...


172.370 Iron-choline citrate complex. Iron-choline citrate complex made by reacting approximately equimolecular quantities of ferric hydroxide, choline, and...


172.372 N-Acetyl-L-methionine. The food additive N-acetyl-L-methionine may be safely added to food (except infant foods and foods containing...


172.375 Potassium iodide. The food additive potassium iodide may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a)...


172.380 Vitamin D3. The food additive may be used safely in foods as a nutrient supplement defined under Sec. 170.3(o)(20) of this chapter...


172.385 Whole fish protein concentrate. The food additive whole fish protein concentrate may be safely used as a food supplement in accordance with...


172.395 Xylitol. Xylitol may be safely used in foods for special dietary uses, provided the amount used is not greater than that required to produce...


172.399 Zinc methionine sulfate. Zinc methionine sulfate, CAS Reg. No. 56329-42-1, may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


Calcium silicate. Calcium silicate, including synthetic calcium silicate, may be safely used in food in accordance with the following...


Iron ammonium citrate. Iron ammonium citrate may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The additive is...


Silicon dioxide. The food additive silicon dioxide may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions: (a) The food additive...


Yellow prussiate of soda. (a) The food additive yellow prussiate of soda (sodium ferrocyanide decahydrate;...


172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors. Natural flavoring substances and natural adjuvants may...


172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants. Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants may be safely used in food in accordance with the...


172.520 Cocoa with dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate for manufacturing. The food additive ``cocoa with dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate for manufacturing,'' conforming...


172.530 Disodium guanylate. Disodium guanylate may be safely used as a flavor enhancer in foods, at a level not in excess of that reasonably required to produce...


172.535 Disodium inosinate. The food additive disodium inosinate may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a)...


172.540 DL-Alanine. DL-Alanine (a racemic mixture of D- and L-alanine; CAS Reg. No. 302- 72-7) may be safely used as a flavor enhancer for sweeteners in...


172.560 Modified hop extract. The food additive modified hop extract may be safely used in beer in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


172.575 Quinine. Quinine, as the hydrochloride salt or sulfate salt, may be safely used in food in accordance with the...


172.580 Safrole-free extract of sassafras. The food additive safrole-free extract of sassafras may be safely used in accordance with the following...


172.585 Sugar beet extract flavor base. Sugar beet extract flavor base may be safely used in food in accordance with the provisions of this section. ...


172.590 Yeast-malt sprout extract. Yeast-malt sprout extract, as described in this section, may be safely used in food in accordance with the following...


172.610 Arabinogalactan. Arabinogalactan may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions: (a) Arabinogalactan is...


172.615 Chewing gum base. The food additive chewing gum base may be safely used in the manufacture of chewing gum in accordance with the following...


172.620 Carrageenan. The food additive carrageenan may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The...


172.623 Carrageenan with polysorbate 80. Carrageenan otherwise meeting the definition and specifications of Sec. 172.620 (a) and (b) and salts of...


172.626 Salts of carrageenan. The food additive salts of carrageenan may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


172.655 Furcelleran. The food additive furcelleran may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The...


172.660 Salts of furcelleran. The food additive salts of furcelleran may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


172.665 Gellan gum. The food additive gellan gum may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The...


172.695 Xanthan gum. The food additive xanthan gum may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The...


172.710 Adjuvants for pesticide use dilutions. The following surfactants and related adjuvants may be safely added to pesticide use dilutions by a grower...


172.712 1,3-Butylene glycol. The food additive 1,3-butylene glycol (CAS Reg. No. 107-88-0) may be safely used in food in accordance with the following...


172.715 Calcium lignosulfonate. Calcium lignosulfonate may be safely used in or on food, subject to the provisions of this section. (a) Calcium...


172.720 Calcium lactobionate. The food additive calcium lactobionate may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a)...


172.723 Epoxidized soybean oil. Epoxidized soybean oil may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The additive is prepared...


172.725 Gibberellic acid and its potassium salt. The food additives gibberellic acid and its potassium salt may be used in the malting of barley in accordance...


172.730 Potassium bromate. The food additive potassium bromate may be safely used in the malting of barley under the following prescribed conditions: (a)(1)...


172.735 Glycerol ester of wood rosin. Glycerol ester of wood rosin may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) It...


172.755 Stearyl monoglyceridyl citrate. The food additive stearyl monoglyceridyl citrate may be safely used in food in accordance with the following provisions: ...


172.765 Succistearin (stearoyl propylene glycol hydrogen succinate). The food additive succistearin (stearoyl propylene glycol hydrogen succinate) may be safely used...


172.770 Ethylene oxide polymer. The polymer of ethylene oxide may be safely used as a foam stabilizer in fermented malt beverages in accordance with the...


172.775 Methacrylic acid-divinylbenzene copolymer. Methacrylic acid-divinylbenzene copolymer may be safely used in food in accordance with the following...


172.800 Acesulfame potassium. Acesulfame potassium (CAS Reg. No. 55589-62-3), also known as acesulfame K, may be safely used as a general-purpose sweetener...


Acetone peroxides. The food additive acetone peroxides may be safely used in flour, and in bread and rolls where standards of identity do not preclude its...


172.804 Aspartame. The food additive aspartame may be safely used in food in accordance with good manufacturing practice as a sweetening agent and a flavor...


Azodicarbonamide. The food additive azodicarbonamide may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) It is used...


172.808 Copolymer condensates of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide. Copolymer condensates of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide may be safely used in food under...


172.809 Curdlan. Curdlan may be safely used in accordance with the following conditions: (a) Curdlan is a high molecular weight polymer of...


Dioctyl sodium sulfo suc cinate. The food additive dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, which meets the specifications of the Food Chemicals Codex, 3d Ed. (1981),...


172.811 Glyceryl tristearate. The food additive glyceryl tristearate may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a)...


Glycine. The food additive glycine may be safely used for technological purposes in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a)...


Hydroxylated lecithin. The food additive hydroxylated lecithin may be safely used as an emulsifier in foods in accordance with the following conditions: ...


Methyl glucoside-coconut oil ester. Methyl glucoside-coconut oil ester may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions: (a) It is...


Oxystearin. The food additive oxystearin may be safely used in foods, when such use is not precluded by standards of identity in accordance with the...


172.820 Polyethylene glycol (mean molecular weight 200-9,500). Polyethylene glycol identified in this section may be safely used in food in accordance with the...


172.822 Sodium lauryl sulfate. The food additive sodium lauryl sulfate may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions: (a) The...


Sodium mono- and dimethyl naphthalene sulfonates. The food additive sodium mono- and dimethyl naphthalene sulfonates may be safely used in accordance with...


Sodium stearyl fumarate. Sodium stearyl fumarate may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions: (a) It contains not less than...


172.828 Acetylated monoglycerides. The food additive acetylated monoglycerides may be safely used in or on food in accordance with the following...


Neotame. (a) Neotame is the chemical N-[N-(3,3-dimethylbutyl)-L-[alpha]- aspartyl]-L-phenylalanine-1-methyl ester (CAS Reg. No. 165450-17-9). (b)...


Succinylated monoglycerides. The food additive succinylated monoglycerides may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


172.831 Sucralose. (a) Sucralose is the chemical 1,6-dichloro-1,6-dideoxy-[beta]-D- fructofuranosyl-4-chloro-4-deoxy-[alpha]-D-galactopyranoside (CAS Reg....


Monoglyceride citrate. A food additive that is a mixture of glyceryl monooleate and its citric acid monoester manufactured by the reaction of...


172.833 Sucrose acetate isobutyrate (SAIB). Sucrose acetate isobutyrate may be safely used in foods in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


Ethoxylated mono- and diglycerides. The food additive ethoxylated mono-and diglycerides (polyoxyethylene (20) mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids)...


172.836 Polysorbate 60. The food additive polysorbate 60 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate) which is a mixture of polyoxyethylene ethers of mixed...


172.838 Polysorbate 65. The food additive polysorbate 65 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate), which is a mixture of polyoxyethylene ethers of mixed...


172.840 Polysorbate 80. The food additive polysorbate 80 (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate), which is a mixture of polyoxyethylene ethers of mixed...


Polydextrose. Polydextrose as identified in this section may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


172.842 Sorbitan monostearate. The food additive sorbitan monostearate, which is a mixture of partial stearic and palmitic acid esters of sorbitol anhydrides, may...


Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate. The food additive calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate may be safely used in or on food in accordance with the following...


172.846 Sodium stearoyl lactylate. The food additive sodium stearoyl lactylate (CAS Reg. No. 25-383- 997) may be safely used in food in accordance with the...


Lactylic esters of fatty acids. Lactylic esters of fatty acids may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a)...


Lactylated fatty acid esters of glycerol and propylene glycol. The food additive lactylated fatty acid esters of glycerol and propylene glycol may be...


Glyceryl-lacto esters of fatty acids. Glyceryl-lacto esters of fatty acids (the lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides) may be safely used in food...


172.854 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids. Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids, up to and including the decaglycerol esters, may be safely used in food in accordance...


Propylene glycol mono- and diesters of fats and fatty acids. Propylene glycol mono- and diesters of fats and fatty acids may be safely used in food, subject to...


172.858 Propylene glycol alginate. The food additive propylene glycol alginate (CAS Reg. No. 9005-37-2) may be used as an emulsifier, flavoring adjuvant, formulation...


172.859 Sucrose fatty acid esters. Sucrose fatty acid esters identified in this section may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


172.860 Fatty acids. The food additive fatty acids may be safely used in food and in the manufacture of food components in accordance with the following...


Cocoa butter substitute from coconut oil, palm kernel oil, or both oils. The food additive, cocoa butter substitute from coconut oil, palm kernel oil, or...


172.862 Oleic acid derived from tall oil fatty acids. The food additive oleic acid derived from tall oil fatty acids may be safely used in food and as a component in...


Salts of fatty acids. The food additive salts of fatty acids may be safely used in food and in the manufacture of food components in accordance with...


172.864 Synthetic fatty alcohols. Synthetic fatty alcohols may be safely used in food and in the synthesis of food components in accordance with the following...


Synthetic glycerin produced by the hydrogenolysis of carbohydrates. Synthetic glycerin produced by the hydrogenolysis of carbohydrates may be safely used in...


172.867 Olestra. Olestra, as identified in this section, may be safely used in accordance with the following conditions: (a) Olestra is a mixture of...


Ethyl cellulose. The food additive ethyl cellulose may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The food...


172.869 Sucrose oligoesters. Sucrose oligoesters, as identified in this section, may be safely used in accordance with the following conditions: (a)...


Hydroxypropyl cellulose. The food additive hydroxypropyl cellulose may be safely used in food, except standardized foods that do not provide for such use,...


Methyl ethyl cellulose. The food additive methyl ethyl cellulose may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions. (a)...


172.874 Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose. The food additive hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (CAS Reg. No. 9004- 65-3) may be safely used in food, except in standardized...


Castor oil. The food additive castor oil may be safely used in accordance with the following conditions: (a) The additive meets the specifications of...


172.878 White mineral oil. White mineral oil may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions: (a) White mineral oil is a mixture...


Petrolatum. Petrolatum may be safely used in food, subject to the provisions of this section. (a) Petrolatum complies with the specifications set forth...


172.882 Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons. Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used in food, in accordance with the...


Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used in food, in accordance with the following...


Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used in food, in accordance with the following...
...


Synthetic petroleum wax. Synthetic petroleum wax may be safely used in or on foods in accordance with the following conditions: (a) Synthetic petroleum...


Rice bran wax. Rice bran wax may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions: (a) It is the refined wax obtained from rice bran...


172.892 Food starch-modified. Food starch-modified as described in this section may be safely used in food. The quantity of any substance employed to effect...


Modified cottonseed products intended for human consumption. The food additive modified cottonseed products may be used for human consumption in accordance with...


Dried yeasts. Dried yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces fragilis) and dried torula yeast (Candida utilis) may be safely used in food provided...


172.898 Bakers yeast glycan. Bakers yeast glycan may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions: (a) Bakers yeast glycan is...


Sec. 173.5 Acrylate-acrylamide resins. Subpart A_Polymer Substances and Polymer Adjuvants for Food...


173.10 Modified polyacrylamide resin. Modified polyacrylamide resin may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


Sec. 173.20 Ion-exchange membranes. Ion-exchange membranes may be safely used in the processing of food under the following prescribed conditions: ...


173.21 Perfluorinated ion exchange membranes. Substances identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as ion exchange membranes...


Sec. 173.25 Ion-exchange resins. Ion-exchange resins may be safely used in the treatment of food under the following prescribed conditions: (a)...


173.40 Molecular sieve resins. Molecular sieve resins may be safely used in the processing of food under the following prescribed conditions: (a)...


173.45 Polymaleic acid and its sodium salt. Polymaleic acid (CAS Reg. No. 26099-09-2) and its sodium salt (CAS Reg. No. 70247-90-4) may be safely used...


173.50 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone. The food additive polyvinylpoly pyrrolidone may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


173.55 Polyvinylpyrrolidone. The food additive polyvinylpyrroli-done may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


Sec. 173.60 Dimethylamine-epichlorohydrin copolymer. Dimethylamine-epichlorohydrin copolymer (CAS Reg. No. 25988-97-0) may be safely used in food...


173.65 Divinylbenzene copolymer. Divinylbenzene copolymer may be used for the removal of organic substances from aqueous foods under the following...


173.70 Chloromethylated aminated styrene-divinylbenzene resin. Chloromethylated aminated styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer (CAS Reg. No. 60177-39-1) may...


173.73 Sodium polyacrylate. Sodium polyacrylate (CAS Reg. No. 9003-04-7) may be safely used in food in accordance with the following...


173.75 Sorbitan monooleate. Sorbitan monooleate may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The additive...


173.110 Amyloglucosidase derived from Rhizopus niveus. Amyloglucosidase enzyme product, consisting of enzyme derived from Rhizopus niveus, and diatomaceous...


173.115 Alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase ([alpha]-ALDC) enzyme preparation derived from a recombinant Bacillus subtilis. The food additive...


173.120 Carbohydrase and cellulase derived from Aspergillus niger. Carbohydrase and cellulase enzyme preparation derived from Aspergillus niger may be safely used...


173.130 Carbohydrase derived from Rhizopus oryzae. Carbohydrase from Rhizopus oryzae may be safely used in the production of dextrose from starch in accordance...


173.135 Catalase derived from Micrococcus lysodeikticus. Bacterial catalase derived from Micrococcus lysodeikticus by a pure culture fermentation process may be...


173.140 Esterase-lipase derived from Mucor miehei. Esterase-lipase enzyme, consisting of enzyme derived from Mucor miehei var. Cooney et Emerson by a pure...


173.145 Alpha-Galactosidase derived from Mortierella vinaceae var. raffinoseutilizer. The food additive alpha-galactosidase and parent mycelial...


173.150 Milk-clotting enzymes, microbial. Milk-clotting enzyme produced by pure-culture fermentation process may be safely used in the production of cheese...


173.160 Candida guilliermondii. The food additive Candida guilliermondii may be safely used as the organism for fermentation production of citric acid in...


173.165 Candida lipolytica. The food additive Candida lipolytica may be safely used as the organism for fermentation production of citric acid in accordance...


173.170 Aminoglycoside 3'-phospho trans ferase II. The food additive aminoglycoside 3'-phosphotransferase II may be safely used in the development of...


173.210 Acetone. A tolerance of 30 parts per million is established for acetone in spice oleoresins when present therein as a residue from...


173.220 1,3-Butylene glycol. 1,3-Butylene glycol (1,3-butanediol) may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


173.228 Ethyl acetate. Ethyl acetate (CAS Reg. No. 141-78-6) may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions: (a)...


173.230 Ethylene dichloride. A tolerance of 30 parts per million is established for ethylene dichloride in spice oleoresins when present therein as...


173.240 Isopropyl alcohol. Isopropyl alcohol may be present in the following foods under the conditions specified: (a) In spice oleoresins as...


173.250 Methyl alcohol residues. Methyl alcohol may be present in the following foods under the conditions specified: (a) In spice oleoresins as...


173.255 Methylene chloride. Methylene chloride may be present in food under the following conditions: (a) In spice oleoresins as a residue from...


173.270 Hexane. Hexane may be present in the following foods under the conditions specified: (a) In spice oleoresins as a residue from...


173.275 Hydrogenated sperm oil. The food additive hydrogenated sperm oil may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


Sec. 173.280 Solvent extraction process for citric acid. A solvent extraction process for recovery of citric acid from...


173.290 Trichloroethylene. Tolerances are established for residues of trichloroethylene resulting from its use as a solvent in the manufacture of foods...


173.300 Chlorine dioxide. Chlorine dioxide (CAS Reg. No. 10049-04-4) may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


173.310 Boiler water additives. Boiler water additives may be safely used in the preparation of steam that will contact food, under the following conditions: ...


173.315 Chemicals used in washing or to assist in the peeling of fruits and vegetables. Chemicals may be safely used to wash or to assist in the peeling of...


173.320 Chemicals for controlling microorganisms in cane-sugar and beet-sugar mills. Agents for controlling microorganisms in cane-sugar and beet-sugar mills may...


Chemicals used in delinting cottonseed. Chemicals may be safely used to assist in the delinting of cottonseed in accordance with the following conditions: ...


173.325 Acidified sodium chlorite solutions. Acidified sodium chlorite solutions may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


173.340 Defoaming agents. Defoaming agents may be safely used in processing foods, in accordance with the following conditions: (a) They consist of one or more...


Chlorofluorocarbon 113 and perfluorohexane. A mixture of 99 percent chlorofluorocarbon 113 (1,1,2-trichloro- 1,2,2-trifluoroethane) (CAS Reg. No. 76-13-1, also...


Chloropentafluoroethane. The food additive chloropentafluoroethane may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a)...


173.350 Combustion product gas. The food additive combustion product gas may be safely used in the processing and packaging of the foods designated in paragraph (c)...


Dichlorodifluoromethane. The food additive dichlorodi fluoromethane may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a)...


173.357 Materials used as fixing agents in the immobilization of enzyme preparations. Fixing agents may be safely used in the immobilization of enzyme...


Octafluorocyclobutane. The food additive octafluorocyclo-butane may be safely used as a propellant and aerating agent in foamed or sprayed food products...


173.368 Ozone. Ozone (CAS Reg. No. 10028-15-6) may be safely used in the treatment, storage, and processing of foods, including meat and poultry (unless such use...


Peroxyacids. Peroxyacids may be safely used in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The additive is a mixture of peroxyacetic...


Sodium methyl sulfate. Sodium methyl sulfate may be present in pectin in accordance with the following conditions. (a) It is present as the result...


173.395 Trifluoromethane sulfonic acid. Trifluoromethane sulfonic acid has the empirical formula CF3SO3H (CAS Reg. No. 1493-13-6). The...


173.400 Dimethyldialkylammonium chloride. Dimethyldialkylammonium chloride may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


provisions applicable to indirect food additives. 174.6 Threshold of regulation for substances used in food-contact articles. Authority: 21 U.S.C....


in food-contact articles (e.g., food-packaging or food-processing equipment) that migrate, or that may be expected to migrate, into food at negligible levels may be reviewed...


in food-contact articles (e.g., food-packaging or food-processing equipment) that migrate, or that may be expected to migrate, into food at negligible levels may be reviewed...
...


175.125 Pressure-sensitive adhesives. Pressure-sensitive adhesives may be safely used as the food-contact surface of labels and/or tapes applied to food, in...


175.210 Acrylate ester copolymer coating. Acrylate ester copolymer coating may safely be used as a food- contact surface of articles intended for packaging...


Hot-melt strippable food coatings. Hot-melt strippable food coatings may be safely applied to food, subject to the provisions of this section. (a)...


Paraffin (synthetic). Synthetic paraffin may be safely used as an impregnant in, coating on, or component of coatings on articles used in...


Partial phosphoric acid esters of polyester resins. Partial phosphoric acid esters of polyester resins identified in this section and applied on aluminum may...


Poly(vinyl fluoride) resins. Poly(vinyl fluoride) resins identified in this section may be safely used as components of food-contact coatings for containers having...


Poly(vinyl fluoride) resins. Poly(vinyl fluoride) resins identified in this section may be safely used as components of food-contact coatings for containers having...
...


175.320 Resinous and polymeric coatings for polyolefin films. Resinous and polymeric coatings may be safely used as the food- contact surface of articles intended for...


Vinyl acetate/crotonic acid copolymer. A copolymer of vinyl acetate and crotonic acid may be safely used as a coating or as a component of a coating which is...


175.360 Vinylidene chloride copolymer coatings for nylon film. Vinylidene chloride copolymer coatings identified in this section and applied on nylon film may be...


Vinylidene chloride copolymer coatings for polycarbonate film. Vinylidene chloride copolymer coatings identified in this section and applied on polycarbonate film...


175.380 Xylene-formaldehyde resins condensed with 4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol-epichlorohydrin epoxy resins. The resins identified in paragraph (a) of this section may...


Zinc-silicon dioxide matrix coatings. Zinc-silicon dioxide matrix coatings may be safely used as the food- contact surface of articles intended for use in...


176.110 Acrylamide-acrylic acid resins. Subpart A [Reserved] Subpart B_Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper...


176.120 Alkyl ketene dimers. Alkyl ketene dimers may be safely used as a component of articles intended for use in producing, manufacturing, packing,...


176.130 Anti-offset substances. Substances named in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section may be safely used to prevent the transfer of inks employed in printing...


176.150 Chelating agents used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard. The substances named in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used in the manufacture...


176.160 Chromium (Cr III) complex of N-ethyl-N-heptadecylfluoro-octane sulfonyl glycine. The chromium (Cr III) complex of N-ethyl - N...


176.160 Chromium (Cr III) complex of N-ethyl-N-heptadecylfluoro-octane sulfonyl glycine. The chromium (Cr III) complex of N-ethyl - N...
...


176.180 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with dry food. The substances listed in this section may be safely used as components of the uncoated or...


176.200 Defoaming agents used in coatings. The defoaming agents described in this section may be safely used as components of articles intended for use in...


176.210 Defoaming agents used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard. Defoaming agents may be safely used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard intended...


176.230 3,5-Dimethyl-1,3,5,2H-tetrahydrothiadiazine-2-thione. 3,5-Dimethyl-1,3,5,2H-tetrahydrothi-adiazine-2-thione may safely be used as a preservative in...


176.250 Poly-1,4,7,10,13-pentaaza-15-hydroxyhexadecane. Poly-1,4,7,10,13-pentaaza-15-hydrox-yhexadecane may be safely used as a retention aid employed prior to...


176.260 Pulp from reclaimed fiber. (a) Pulp from reclaimed fiber may be safely used as a component of articles used in producing, manufacturing, packing,...


176.300 Slimicides. (a) Slimicides may be safely used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard that contact food, in accordance with the following...


176.320 Sodium nitrate-urea complex. Sodium nitrate-urea complex may be safely used as a component of articles intended for use in producing, manufacturing,...


176.350 Tamarind seed kernel powder. Tamarind seed kernel powder may be safely used as a component of articles intended for use in producing, manufacturing,...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1010 Acrylic and modified acrylic plastics, semirigid and rigid. Subpart A [Reserved] Subpart B_Substances for Use...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1020 Acrylonitrile/butadiene/sty rene co-polymer. Acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene copolymer identified in this section may be...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1030 Acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene/methyl methacrylate copolymer. Acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene/methyl methacrylate...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1040 Acrylonitrile/styrene copoly-mer. Acrylonitrile/styrene copolymers identified in this section may be...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1050 Acrylonitrile/styrene copoly-mer modified with butadiene/styrene elastomer. Acrylonitrile/styrene copolymer modified...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1060 n-Alkylglutarimide/acrylic copolymers. n-Alkylglutarimide/acrylic copolymers identified in this section may be safely used...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1200 Cellophane. Cellophane may be safely used for packaging food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: ...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1210 Closures with sealing gaskets for food containers. Closures with sealing gaskets may be safely used on containers intended for...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1211 Cross-linked polyacrylate copolymers. Cross-linked polyacrylate copolymers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1240 1,4-Cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate and 1,4-cyclohexylene dimethylene isophthalate copolymer. Copolymer...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1310 Ethylene-acrylic acid copolymers. The ethylene-acrylic acid copolymers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1312 Ethylene-carbon monoxide copolymers. The ethylene-carbon monoxide copolymers identified in paragraph (a)...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1315 Ethylene-1, 4-cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate copolymers. Ethylene-1, 4-cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1320 Ethylene-ethyl acrylate copolymers. Ethylene-ethyl acrylate copolymers may be safely used to produce packaging...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1330 Ionomeric resins. Ionomeric resins manufactured from either ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymers (and/or their ammonium,...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1340 Ethylene-methyl acrylate copolymer resins. Ethylene-methyl acrylate copolymer resins may be safely used as articles or components...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1345 Ethylene/1,3-phenylene oxyethylene isophthalate/ terephthalate copolymer. Ethylene/1, 3-phenylene...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1350 Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers. Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers may be safely used as articles or components of...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1360 Ethylene-vinyl acetate-vinyl alcohol copolymers. Ethylene-vinyl acetate-vinyl alcohol copolymers (CAS Reg. No. 26221- 27-2) may...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1380 Fluorocarbon resins. Fluorocarbon resins may be safely used as articles or components of articles intended for use in contact...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1390 Laminate structures for use at temperatures of 250 [deg]F and above. (a) The high-temperature laminates identified in this...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1395 Laminate structures for use at temperatures between 120 [deg]F and 250 [deg]F. (a) The laminates identified in this section may...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1400 Hydroxyethyl cellulose film, water-insoluble. Water-insoluble hydroxyethyl cellulose film may be safely used for packaging food...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1420 Isobutylene polymers. Isobutylene polymers may be safely used as components of articles intended for use in producing,...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1430 Isobutylene-butene copolymers. Isobutylene-butene copolymers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1440 4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol-epichlorohydrin resins minimum molecular weight 10,000. ...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1460 Melamine-formaldehyde resins in molded articles. Melamine-formaldehyde resins may be safely used as the food-contact surface of...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1480 Nitrile rubber modified acrylonitrile-methyl acrylate copolymers. Nitrile rubber modified acrylonitrile-methyl acrylate...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1500 Nylon resins. The nylon resins listed in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used to produce articles intended for use...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1500 Nylon resins. The nylon resins listed in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used to produce articles intended for use...
...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1550 Perfluorocarbon resins. Perfluorocarbon resins identified in this section may be safely used as articles or components of...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1555 Polyarylate resins. Polyarylate resins (CAS Reg. No. 51706-10-6) may be safely used as articles or components of articles intended...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1556 Polyaryletherketone resins. ...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1560 Polyarylsulfone resins. Polyarylsulfone resins (CAS Reg. No. 79293-56-4) may be safely used as articles or components of...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1570 Poly-1-butene resins and butene/ethylene copolymers. The poly-1-butene resins and butene/ethylene copolymers identified in...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1580 Polycarbonate resins. Polycarbonate resins may be safely used as articles or components of articles intended for use in...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1585 Polyestercarbonate resins. Polyestercarbonate resins may be safely used as articles or components of articles intended for use...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1590 Polyester elastomers. The polyester elastomers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as the...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1595 Polyetherimide resin. The polyetherimide resin identified in this section may be safely used as an article or component of...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1600 Polyethylene resins, carboxyl modified. Carboxyl-modified polyethylene resins may be safely used as the food-contact surface...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1610 Polyethylene, chlorinated. Chlorinated polyethylene identified in this section may be safely used as articles or components...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1615 Polyethylene, fluorinated. Fluorinated polyethylene, identified in paragraph (a) of this section, may be safely used as...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1620 Polyethylene, oxidized. Oxidized polyethylene identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as a component...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1630 Polyethylene phthalate polymers. Polyethylene phthalate polymers identified in this section may be safely used as, or...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1632 Poly (phenyl enetereph thala mide) resins. Poly(phenyleneterephthalamide) resins identified in paragraph (a) of this section...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1635 Poly(p-methylstyrene) and rubber-modified poly(p-methyl styrene). Poly(p-methylstyrene) and rubber-modified...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1637 Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyloxycarbonyl-2,6-naphthalenediylcarbonyl) resins. ...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1640 Polystyrene and rubber-modified polystyrene. Polystyrene and rubber-modified polystyrene identified in this section may be...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1650 Polysulfide polymer-polyepoxy resins. Polysulfide polymer-polyepoxy res- ins may be safely used as the food-contact surface...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1655 Polysulfone resins. Polysulfone resins identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as articles or components...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1660 Poly (tetramethylene terephthalate). Poly(tetramethylene terephthalate) (poly (oxytetramethyleneoxyter- ephthaloyl))...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1670 Polyvinyl alcohol film. Polyvinyl alcohol film may be safely used in contact with food of the types identified in Sec. 176.170(c)...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1680 Polyurethane resins. The polyurethane resins identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as the...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1810 Styrene block polymers. The styrene block polymers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as articles...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1820 Styrene-maleic anhydride copolymers. Styrene-maleic anhydride copolymers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1830 Styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymers. Styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymers identified in this section may be safely used...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1850 Textryls. Textryls identified in this section may be safely used as articles or components of articles, intended for use in...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1900 Urea-formaldehyde resins in molded articles. Urea-formaldehyde resins may be safely used as the food-contact surface of...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1950 Vinyl chloride-ethylene copolymers. The vinyl chloride-ethylene copolymers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may...


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1960 Vinyl chloride-hexene-1 copolymers. The vinyl chloride-hexene-1 copolymers identified in paragraph (a) of this section or...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1970 Vinyl chloride-lauryl vinyl ether copolymers. The vinyl chloride-lauryl vinyl ether copolymers identified in paragraph (a) of...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1980 Vinyl chloride-propylene copolymers. The vinyl chloride-propylene copolymers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may...


Food Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.1990 Vinylidene chloride/methyl acrylate copolymers. The vinylidene chloride/methyl acrylate copolymers (CAS Reg. No....


Contact Surfaces Sec. 177.2000 Vinylidene chloride/methyl acrylate/methyl methacrylate polymers. The vinylidene chloride/methyl acrylate/methyl methacrylate...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2210 Ethylene polymer, chloro sulfonated. Ethylene polymer, chlorosulfonated as identified in this section may be safely used as...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2250 Filters, microporous polymeric. Microporous polymeric filters identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used, subject to...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2260 Filters, resin-bonded. Resin-bonded filters may be safely used in producing, manufacturing, processing, and preparing food, subject...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2280 4,4'-Isopropyl idenedi phenol epichloro hydrin thermo setting epoxy resins. 4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol-epichlo-rohydrin thermosetting...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2355 Mineral reinforced nylon resins. Mineral reinforced nylon resins identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2400 Perfluorocarbon cured elastomers. Perfluorocarbon cured elastomers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2410 Phenolic resins in molded articles. Phenolic resins identified in this section may be safely used as the food-contact surface of...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2415 Poly(aryletherketone) resins. Poly(aryletherketone) resins identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as articles...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2420 Polyester resins, cross-linked. Cross-linked polyester resins may be safely used as articles or components of articles intended...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2430 Polyether resins, chlorinated. Chlorinated polyether resins may be safely used as articles or components of articles intended for...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2440 Polyethersulfone resins. Polyethersulfone resins identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as articles or components...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2450 Polyamide-imide resins. Polyamide-imide resins identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as components of...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2460 Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene) oxide resins. The poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene) oxide resins identified in paragraph (a) of...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2465 Polymethylmethacrylate/poly(trimethoxysilylpropyl)methacrylate copolymers. Polymethylmethacrylate/poly(trimethoxysilylpropyl)...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2470 Polyoxymethylene copolymer. Polyoxymethylene copolymer identified in this section may be safely used as an article or component...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2480 Polyoxymethylene homopolymer. Polyoxymethylene homopolymer identified in this section may be safely used as articles or components...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2490 Polyphenylene sulfide resins. Polyphenylene sulfide resins (poly(1,4-phenylene sulfide) resins) may be safely used as coatings...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2500 Polyphenylene sulfone resins. The polyphenylene sulfone resins (CAS Reg. No. 31833-61-1) identified in paragraph (a) of this section may...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2510 Polyvinylidene fluoride resins. Polyvinylidene fluoride resins may be safely used as articles or components of articles intended...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2550 Reverse osmosis membranes. Substances identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as reverse osmosis...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2600 Rubber articles intended for repeated use. Rubber articles intended for repeated use may be safely used in producing,...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2710 Styrene-divinylbenzene resins, cross-linked. Styrene-divinylbenzene cross-linked copolymer resins may be safely used as articles...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2800 Textiles and textile fibers. Textiles and textile fibers may safely be used as articles or components of articles intended for use...


Repeated Use Sec. 177.2910 Ultra-filtration membranes. Ultra-filtration membranes identified in paragraphs (a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(3), and (a)(4) of this section may...


178.1005 Hydrogen peroxide solution. Subpart A [Reserved] Subpart B_Substances Utilized To Control the Growth...


178.1005 Hydrogen peroxide solution. Subpart A [Reserved] Subpart B_Substances Utilized To Control the Growth...
...


178.1005 Hydrogen peroxide solution. Subpart A [Reserved] Subpart B_Substances Utilized To Control the Growth...
...
...


4-Hydroxymethyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol. 4-Hydroxymethyl-2,6-di-tert-butyl-phenol may be safely used as an antioxidant in articles intended for use in contact...


Organotin stabilizers in vinyl chloride plastics. The organotin chemicals identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safety used alone or in...


178.3010 Adjuvant substances used in the manufacture of foamed plastics. The following substances may be safely used as adjuvants in the manufacture of...


178.3120 Animal glue. Animal glue may be safely used as a component of articles intended for use in producing, manufacturing, packing, processing,...


178.3125 Anticorrosive agents. The substances listed in this section may be used as anticorrosive agents in food-contact materials subject to the provisions of...


178.3130 Antistatic and/or anti fogging agents in food-packaging materials. The substances listed in paragraph (b) of this section may be safely used as...


178.3280 Castor oil, hydrogenated. Hydrogenated castor oil may be safely used in the manufacture of articles or components of articles intended for use in contact...


178.3290 Chromic chloride complexes. Myristo chromic chloride complex and stearato chromic chloride complex may be safely used as release agents in the closure area...


178.3295 Clarifying agents for polymers. Clarifying agents may be safely used in polymers that are articles or components of articles intended for...


178.3295 Clarifying agents for polymers. Clarifying agents may be safely used in polymers that are articles or components of articles intended for...
...


178.3300 Corrosion inhibitors used for steel or tinplate. Corrosion inhibitors may be safely used for steel or tinplate intended for use in, or to be fabricated...


178.3400 Emulsifiers and/or surface-active agents. The substances listed in paragraph (c) of this section may be safely used as emulsifiers and/or...


178.3450 Esters of stearic and palmitic acids. The ester stearyl palmitate or palmityl stearate or mixtures thereof may be safely used as adjuvants in...


178.3480 Fatty alcohols, synthetic. Synthetic fatty alcohols may be safely used as components of articles intended for use in contact with food, and in...


178.3500 Glycerin, synthetic. Synthetic glycerin may be safely used as a component of articles intended for use in packaging materials for food, subject to...


178.3505 Glyceryl tri-(12-acetoxy stearate). Glyceryl tri-(12-acetoxystearate) (CAS Reg. No. 139-43-5) may be safely used as a component of articles intended for use...


178.3520 Industrial starch-modified. Industrial starch-modified may be safely used as a component of articles intended for use in producing, manufacturing,...


178.3530 Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic. Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic, may be safely used in the production of nonfood...


178.3570 Lubricants with incidental food contact. Lubricants with incidental food contact may be safely used on machinery used for producing, manufacturing,...


178.3600 Methyl glucoside-coconut oil ester. Methyl glucoside-coconut oil ester identified in Sec. 172.816(a) of this chapter may be safely used as a processing...


178.3610 a-Methylstyrene-vinyltoluene resins, hydrogenated. Hydrogenated [alpha]-methylstyrene-vinyltoluene copolymer resins having a molar ratio of...


178.3610 a-Methylstyrene-vinyltoluene resins, hydrogenated. Hydrogenated [alpha]-methylstyrene-vinyltoluene copolymer resins having a molar ratio of...
...


178.3650 Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons. Odorless light petroleum hydrocarbons may be safely used, as a component of nonfood articles intended for use in...


178.3690 Pentaerythritol adipate-stearate. Pentaerythritol adipate-stearate identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as a lubricant in...


178.3700 Petrolatum. Petrolatum may be safety used as a component of nonfood articles in contact with food, in accordance with the following conditions: ...


178.3710 Petroleum wax. Petroleum wax may be safely used as a component of nonfood articles in contact with food, in accordance with the following conditions: ...


178.3720 Petroleum wax, synthetic. Synthetic petroleum wax may be safely used in applications and under the same conditions where naturally derived petroleum wax...


178.3725 Pigment dispersants. Subject to the provisions of this regulation, the substances listed in this section may be safely used as pigment dispersants...


178.3730 Piperonyl butoxide and pyrethrins as components of bags. Piperonyl butoxide in combination with pyrethrins may be safely used for insect control on bags that...


178.3740 Plasticizers in polymeric substances. Subject to the provisions of this regulation, the substances listed in paragraph (b) of this section may be safely...


178.3750 Polyethylene glycol (mean molecular weight 200-9,500). Polyethylene glycol identified in this section may be safely used as a component of articles intended...


178.3760 Polyethylene glycol (400) monolaurate. Polyethylene glycol (400) monolaurate containing not more than 0.1 percent by weight of ethylene and/or diethylene...


178.3760 Polyethylene glycol (400) monolaurate. Polyethylene glycol (400) monolaurate containing not more than 0.1 percent by weight of ethylene and/or diethylene...
...


178.3780 Polyhydric alcohol esters of long chain monobasic acids. Polyhydric alcohol esters of long chain monobasic acids identified in this section may be...


178.3790 Polymer modifiers in semirigid and rigid vinyl chloride plastics. The polymers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely admixed,...


178.3800 Preservatives for wood. Preservatives may be safely used on wooden articles that are used or intended for use in packaging, transporting, or holding...


178.3850 Reinforced wax. Reinforced wax may be safely used as an article or component of articles intended for use in producing, manufacturing,...


178.3860 Release agents. Substances listed in paragraph (b) of this section may be safely used as release agents in petroleum wax complying with Sec. 178.3710 and...


178.3870 Rosins and rosin derivatives. The rosins and rosin derivatives identified in paragraph (a) of this section may safely be used in the manufacture of...


178.3900 Sodium pentachlorophenate. Sodium pentachlorophenate may be safely used as a preservative for ammonium alginate employed as a processing aid in the...


178.3910 Surface lubricants used in the manufacture of metallic articles. The substances listed in this section may be safely used in surface lubricants...


178.3930 Terpene resins. The terpene resins identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely used as components of polypropylene film intended for use...


178.3940 Tetraethylene glycol di-(2-ethylhexoate). Tetraethylene glycol di-(2-ethylhexoate) containing not more than 22 parts per million ethylene and/or...


178.3950 Tetrahydrofuran. Tetrahydrofuran may be safely used in the fabrication of articles intended for packaging, transporting, or storing foods, subject to...


Sources of radiation used for inspection of food, for inspection of packaged food, and for controlling food processing. Subpart A [Reserved] ...


General provisions for food irradiation. For the purposes of Sec. 179.26, current good manufacturing practice is defined to include the following restrictions: ...


Ionizing radiation for the treatment of food. Ionizing radiation for treatment of foods may be safely used under the following conditions: (a) Energy...


Radiofrequency radiation for the heating of food, including microwave frequencies. Radiofrequency radiation, including microwave frequencies, may be safely used...


Ultraviolet radiation for the processing and treatment of food. Ultraviolet radiation for the processing and treatment of food may be safely used under the...


Pulsed light for the treatment of food. Pulsed light may be safely used for treatment of foods under the following conditions: (a) The radiation sources consist...


Packaging materials for use during the irradiation of prepackaged foods. The packaging materials identified in this section may be safely subjected...


Sec. 180.1 General. Subpart A_General Provisions Sec. 180.1 General. Subpart...


Certain Food Additives Sec. 180.22 Acrylonitrile copolymers. Acrylonitrile copolymers may be safely used on an interim basis as articles or...


Certain Food Additives Sec. 180.25 Mannitol. (a) Mannitol is the chemical 1,2,3,4,5,6,-hexanehexol (C6H14O6) a...


Certain Food Additives Sec. 180.30 Brominated vegetable oil. The food additive brominated vegetable oil may be safely used in accordance with the...


Certain Food Additives Sec. 180.37 Saccharin, ammonium saccharin, calcium saccharin, and sodium saccharin. The food additives saccharin, ammonium...


Subpart A_General Provisions Sec. 181.1 General. 181.5 Prior sanctions. Subpart B_Specific Prior-Sanctioned...


sanction shall exist only for a specific use(s) of a substance in food, i.e., the level(s), condition(s), product(s), etc., for which there was explicit approval by the Food and...


in the manufacture of food-packaging materials. Prior to the enactment of the food additives amendment to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act,...


Substances classified as antimycotics, when migrating from food- packaging material shall include: Calcium propionate. Methylparaben...


Substances classified as antioxidants, when migrating from food- packaging material (limit of addition to food, 0.005 percent) shall...


classified as driers, when migrating from food-packaging material shall include: Cobalt caprylate. Cobalt linoleate. Cobalt naphthenate. Cobalt...


finished resins. Substances classified as drying oils, when migrating from food- packaging material (as components of finished resins) shall include: Chinawood...


Substances classified as plasticizers, when migrating from food- packaging material shall include: Acetyl tributyl citrate. Acetyl triethyl...


Substances classified as release agents, when migrating from food- packaging material shall include: Dimethylpolysiloxane (substantially free from hydrolyzable chloride...


Substances classified as stabilizers, when migrating from food- packaging material shall include: Aluminum mono-, di-, and tristearate. Ammonium citrate. Ammonium...


of paper and paperboard products used in food packaging. Substances used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard products used in food packaging...


resins. (a) Acrylonitrile copolymers and resins listed in this section, containing less than 30 percent acrylonitrile and complying with the requirements...


Sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate are subject to prior sanctions issued by the U.S. Department of Agriculture for use as sources of nitrite, with or...


Sodium nitrite and potassium nitrite are subject to prior sanctions issued by the U.S. Department of Agriculture for use as color fixatives and...


as safe. Subpart A_General Provisions Sec. 182.1 Substances that are generally recognized as safe. 182.10 Spices...


and flavorings. Spices and other natural seasonings and flavorings that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use, within the meaning of section...


and natural extractives (including distillates). Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates) that...


in conjunction with spices, seasonings, and flavorings. Natural extractives (solvent-free) used in conjunction with spices, seasonings, and flavorings that...


oils, oleoresins, and natural extracts. Certain other spices, seasonings, essential oils, oleoresins, and natural extracts that are generally recognized...


adjuvants. Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use, within the meaning of section 409 of the...


cotton fabrics used in dry food packaging. Substances migrating to food from cotton and cotton fabrics used in dry food packaging that are generally recognized...


paper and paperboard products. Substances migrating to food from paper and paperboard products used in food packaging that are generally recognized as safe for...


Adjuvants, identified and used in accordance with 40 CFR 180.1001 (c) and [[Page 463]] (d), which are added to pesticide use dilutions by a grower...


(a) Product. Glutamic acid. (b) [Reserved] (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used as a...


(a) Product. Glutamic acid hydrochloride. (b) [Reserved] (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized...


(a) Product. Hydrochloric acid. (b) [Reserved] (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used as...


(a) Product. Phosphoric acid. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Sodium acid pyrophosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Aluminum sulfate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Aluminum ammonium sulfate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Aluminum potassium sulfate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Aluminum sodium sulfate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Caffeine. (b) Tolerance. 0.02 percent. (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in...


(a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with...


(a) Product. Caramel. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Glycerin. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing...


(a) Product. U.S.P. methylcellulose, except that the methoxy content shall not be less than 27.5 percent and not more than 31.5 percent on a dry-weight basis. ...


(a) Product. Monoammonium glutamate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Monopotassium glutamate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Silica aerogel as a finely powdered microcellular silica foam having a minimum silica content of 89.5 percent. (b) [Reserved] (c)...


(a) Product. Sodium carboxy methylcellulose is the sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose not less than 99.5 percent on a dry-weight basis, with...


(a) Product. Sodium caseinate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Sodium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with...


(a) Product. Sodium aluminum phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Sodium tripolyphosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Aluminum calcium silicate. (b) Tolerance. 2 percent. (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized...


(a) Product. Calcium silicate. (b) Tolerance. 2 percent and 5 percent. (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe...


(a) Product. Magnesium silicate. (b) Tolerance. 2 percent. [[Page 465]] (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is...


(a) Product. Sodium aluminosilicate (sodium silicoaluminate). (b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use at a level not exceeding 2 percent...


(a) Product. Hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate (sodium calcium silicoaluminate). (b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe...


(a) Product. Tricalcium silicate. (b) Tolerance. 2 percent. (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used...


(a) Product. Ascorbic acid. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Erythorbic acid. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Sorbic acid. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Thiodipropionic acid. (b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use in food when the total content of antioxidants is not over...


(a) Product. Ascorbyl palmitate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Butylated hydroxyanisole. (b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use in food when the total content of antioxidants is not...


(a) Product. Butylated hydroxytoluene. (b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use in food when the total content of antioxidants is not...


(a) Product. Calcium ascorbate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Calcium sorbate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing...


(a) Product. Dilauryl thiodipropionate. (b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use in food when the total content of antioxidants is...


(a) Product. Potassium bisulfite. (b) [Reserved] (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used...


(a) Product. Potassium metabisulfite. (b) [Reserved] (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used...


(a) Product. Potassium sorbate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Sodium ascorbate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Sodium bisulfite. (b) [Reserved] (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance...


(a) Product. Sodium metabisulfite. (b) [Reserved] (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used...


(a) Product. Sodium sorbate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Sodium sulfite. (b) [Reserved] (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance...


(a) Product. Sulfur dioxide. (b) [Reserved] (c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance...


(a) Product. Tocopherols. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing...


182.6085 Sodium acid phosphate. \1\ For the purpose of this subpart, no attempt has been made to designate those sequestrants that...


182.6197 Calcium diacetate. (a) Product. Calcium diacetate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...


182.6203 Calcium hexametaphosphate. (a) Product. Calcium hexametaphosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is...


182.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate. (a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is...


182.6285 Dipotassium phosphate. (a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized...


182.6290 Disodium phosphate. (a) Product. Disodium phosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized...


182.6757 Sodium gluconate. (a) Product. Sodium gluconate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as...


182.6760 Sodium hexametaphosphate. (a) Product. Sodium hexametaphosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally...


182.6769 Sodium metaphosphate. (a) Product. Sodium metaphosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized...


182.6778 Sodium phosphate. (a) Product. Sodium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). [[Page 468]] (b) Conditions...


182.6787 Sodium pyrophosphate. (a) Product. Sodium pyrophosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized...


182.6789 Tetra sodium pyrophosphate. (a) Product. Tetra sodium pyrophosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is...


182.6810 Sodium tripolyphosphate. (a) Product. Sodium tripolyphosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally...


(a) Product. Chondrus extract (carrageenin). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


Source: 45 FR 58838, Sept. 5, 1980, unless otherwise noted. (a) Product. Ascorbic acid. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when...


[Code of Federal Regulations] [Title 21, Volume 3] [Revised as of April 1, 2004] From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access [CITE: 21CFR182.8159] [Page 468] TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) PART 182_SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE--Table of Contents Subpart I_Nutrients Sec. 182.8159 Biotin. (a) Product. Biotin. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing practice. ...


(a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Calcium pyrophosphate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Choline bitartrate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Choline chloride. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Sodium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic). (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with...


Tocopherols. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. [alpha]-Tocopherol acetate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


(a) Product. Zinc chloride. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing...


(a) Product. Zinc gluconate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


[Code of Federal Regulations] [Title 21, Volume 3] [Revised as of April 1, 2004] From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access [CITE: 21CFR182.8991] [Page 469] TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) PART 182_SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE--Table of Contents Subpart I_Nutrients Sec. 182.8991 Zinc oxide. (a) Product. Zinc oxide. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing practice. ...


(a) Product. Zinc stearate prepared from stearic acid free from chickedema factor. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in...


Product. Zinc sulfate. (b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good...


Substances added directly to human food affirmed as generally recognized as safe (GRAS). Subpart A_General...


184.1005 Acetic acid. (a) Acetic acid (C2H4O2, CAS Reg. No. 64-19-7) is known as ethanoic acid. It occurs naturally in...


184.1007 Aconitic acid. (a) Aconitic acid (1,2,3-propenetricarboxylic acid (C6H6O6), CAS Reg. No. 000499-12-7) occurs in the...


184.1009 Adipic acid. (a) Adipic acid (C6H10O4, CAS Reg. No. 00124-04-9) is also known as 1,4-butanedicarboxylic acid...


184.1011 Alginic acid. (a) Alginic acid is a colloidal, hydrophilic polysaccharide obtained from certain brown algae by alkaline extraction. (b) The...


184.1012 [alpha]-Amylase enzyme preparation from Bacillus stearothermophilus. (a) [alpha]-Amylase enzyme preparation is obtained from the culture filtrate...


184.1021 Benzoic acid. (a) Benzoic acid is the chemical benzenecarboxylic acid (C7H6O2), occurring in nature in free and...


184.1024 Bromelain. (a) Bromelain (CAS Reg. No. 9001-00-7) is an enzyme preparation derived from the pineapples Ananas comosus and A. bracteatus L. It is a white...


184.1025 Caprylic acid. (a) Caprylic acid [CH3(CH2)6COOH, CAS Reg. No. 124-07-2] is the chemical name for octanoic acid. It...


184.1027 Mixed carbohydrase and protease enzyme product. (a) Mixed carbohydrase and protease enzyme product is an enzyme preparation that includes carbohydrase...


184.1033 Citric acid. (a) Citric acid (C6H8O7, CAS Reg. No. 77-92-9) is the compound 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic...


184.1034 Catalase (bovine liver). (a) Catalase (bovine liver) (CAS Reg. No. 9001-05-2) is an enzyme preparation obtained from extracts of bovine liver. It is a...


184.1061 Lactic acid. (a) Lactic acid (C3H6O3, CAS Reg. Nos.: dl mixture, 598-82-3; l-isomer, 79-33-4; d-isomer, 10326-41-7),...


184.1063 Enzyme-modified lecithin. (a) Enzyme-modified lecithin is prepared by treating lecithin with either [[Page...


184.1065 Linoleic acid. (a) Linoleic acid ((Z, Z)-9, 12-octadecadienoic acid (C17H31COOH) (CAS Reg. No. 60-33-3)), a straight...


184.1069 Malic acid. (a) Malic acid (C4H6O5, CAS Reg. No. of L-form 97-67-6, CAS Reg. No. of DL-form 617-48-1) is the common...


184.1077 Potassium acid tartrate. (a) Potassium acid tartrate (C4H5KO6, CAS Reg. No. 868-14-4) is the potassium acid salt...


184.1081 Propionic acid. (a) Propionic acid (C3H6O2, CAS Reg. No. 79-09-4) is an oily liquid having a slightly pungent,...


184.1090 Stearic acid. (a) Stearic acid (C16H36O2, CAS Reg. No. 57-11-4) is a white to yellowish white solid. It occurs...


184.1091 Succinic acid. (a) Succinic acid (C4H6O4, CAS Reg. No. 110-15-6), also referred to as amber acid and ethylenesuccinic...


184.1095 Sulfuric acid. (a) Sulfuric acid (H2SO4, CAS Reg. No. 7664- 93-9), also known as oil of vitriol, is a clear, colorless, oily...


184.1097 Tannic acid. (a) Tannic acid (CAS Reg. No. 1401-55-4), or hydrolyzable gallotannin, is a complex polyphenolic organic structure that yields gallic...


184.1099 Tartaric acid. (a) Food grade tartaric acid (C4H6O6, CAS Reg. No. 87-69-4) has the l configuration. The l form of...


184.1101 Diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides. (a) Diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides, also know as DATEM, are composed...


184.1115 Agar-agar. (a) Agar-agar (CAS Reg. No. PM 9002-18-0) is a dried, hydrophyllic, colloidal polysaccharide extracted from one of a number of related...


184.1120 Brown algae. (a) Brown algae are seaweeds of the species Analipus japonicus, Eisenia bicyclis, Hizikia fusiforme, Kjellmaniella gyrata,...


184.1121 Red algae. (a) Red algae are seaweeds of the species Gloiopeltis furcata, Porphyra crispata, Porphyra deutata, Porphyra perforata, Porphyra...


184.1133 Ammonium alginate. (a) Ammonium alginate (CAS Reg. No. 9005-34-9) is the ammonium salt of alginic acid, a natural polyuronide constituent of certain...


184.1135 Ammonium bicarbonate. (a) Ammonium bicarbonate (NH4HCO3, CAS Reg. No. 1066-33-7) is prepared by reacting gaseous carbon dioxide...


184.1137 Ammonium carbonate. (a) Ammonium carbonate ((NH4)2CO3, CAS Reg. No. 8000-73-5) is a mixture of ammonium...


184.1138 Ammonium chloride. (a) Ammonium chloride (NH4Cl, CAS Reg. No. 12125-02-9) is produced by the reaction of sodium chloride and an ammonium salt...


184.1139 Ammonium hydroxide. (a) Ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH, CAS Reg. No. 1336-21-6) is produced by passing ammonia gas into water. (b) The...


184.1140 Ammonium citrate, dibasic. (a) Ammonium citrate, dibasic ((NH4)2HC6H5O7, CAS Reg. No. 3012-65-5)...


184.1141a Ammonium phosphate, monobasic. (a) Ammonium phosphate, monobasic (NH4H2PO4, CAS Reg. No. 7722-76-1) is...


184.1141b Ammonium phosphate, dibasic. (a) Ammonium phosphate, dibasic ((NH4)2HPO4, CAS Reg. No. 7783-28-0) is manufactured...


184.1143 Ammonium sulfate. (a) Ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4, CAS Reg. No. 7783-20-2) occurs naturally and consists of colorless...


184.1148 Bacterially-derived carbohydrase enzyme preparation. (a) Bacterially-derived carbohydrase enzyme preparation is obtained from the culture...


184.1150 Bacterially-derived protease enzyme preparation. (a) Bacterially-derived protease enzyme preparation is obtained from the culture filtrate resulting from...


184.1155 Bentonite. (a) Bentonite (Al2O34SiO2nH2O, CAS Reg. No. 1302-0978-099) is principally a colloidal...


184.1157 Benzoyl peroxide. (a) Benzoyl peroxide ((C6H5CO)2O2, CAS Reg. No. 94-36-0) is a colorless, rhombic...


184.1165 n-Butane and iso-butane. (a) n-Butane and iso-butane (empirical formula C4H10, CAS Reg. Nos. 106- [[Page...


184.1185 Calcium acetate. (a) Calcium acetate (Ca (C2H3O2)2, CAS Reg. No. 62- 54-4), also known as acetate of lime...


184.1187 Calcium alginate. (a) Calcium alginate (CAS Reg. No. 9005-35-0) is the calcium salt of alginic acid, a natural polyuronide constituent of certain...


184.1191 Calcium carbonate. (a) Calcium carbonate (CaCO3, CAS Reg. No. 471-34-1) is prepared by three common methods of manufacture: (1) As...


184.1193 Calcium chloride. (a) Calcium chloride (CaCl2[middot]2H2O, CAS Reg. No. 10035-04-8) or anhydrous calcium chloride...


184.1195 Calcium citrate. (a) Calcium citrate (Ca3(C6H5O7)2[midd ot]4H2O, CAS Reg....


184.1199 Calcium gluconate. (a) Calcium gluconate ([CH2OH(CHOH)4COO]2Ca, CAS Reg. No. 299-28-5) is the calcium salt of...


184.1201 Calcium glycerophosphate. (a) Calcium glycerophosphate (C3H7CaO6P, CAS Reg. No. 27214-00-2) is a fine, white,...


184.1205 Calcium hydroxide. (a) Calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2, CAS Reg. No. 1305-62-0) is also known as slaked lime or calcium hydrate. It is produced by...


184.1206 Calcium iodate. (a) Calcium iodate [Ca(IO3)2[middot]H2O, CAS Reg. No. 7789-80-2], also referred to as lautarite, does...


184.1207 Calcium lactate. (a) Calcium lactate (C6H10CaO6.xH2O, where x is any integer up to 5, CAS Reg....


184.1210 Calcium oxide. (a) Calcium oxide (CaO, CAS Reg. No. 1305-78-8) is also known as lime, quick lime, burnt lime, or calx. It is produced from...


184.1212 Calcium pantothenate. (a) Calcium pantothenate ((C9H16NO5)2Ca, CAS Reg. No. of the D-isomer, 137-08-6) is...


184.1221 Calcium propionate. (a) Calcium propionate (C6H10CaO4, CAS Reg. No. 4075-81-4) is the calcium salt of propionic acid. It...


184.1229 Calcium stearate. (a) Calcium stearate (Ca(C17H35COO)2, CAS Reg. No. 1529-23- 0) is the calcium salt of stearic...


184.1230 Calcium sulfate. (a) Calcium sulfate (CaSO4, CAS Reg. No. 7778-18-9 or CaSO4[middot]2H2O, CAS Reg. No. 10101-41-4),...


184.1240 Carbon dioxide. (a) Carbon dioxide (empirical formula CO2, CAS Reg. No. 124-38-9) occurs as a colorless, odorless, noncombustible gas at...


184.1245 Beta-carotene. (a) Beta-carotene (CAS Reg. No. 7235-40-7) has the molecular formula C40H56. It is synthesized by saponification...


184.1250 Cellulase enzyme preparation derived from Trichoderma longibrachiatum. (a) Cellulase enzyme preparation is derived from a nonpathogenic,...


184.1257 Clove and its derivatives. (a) Cloves are the dried unopened flower buds and calyx tubes, harvested before the flowers have opened, of the clove...


184.1259 Cocoa butter substitute. (a) The common or usual name for the triglyceride 1-palmitoyl-2- oleoyl-3-stearin is ``cocoa butter substitute primarily from...


184.1260 Copper gluconate. (a) Copper gluconate (cupric gluconate (CH2OH(CHOH)4COO)2Cu, CAS Reg. No. 527- 09-3) is a substance...


184.1261 Copper sulfate. (a) Copper sulfate (cupric sulfate, CuSO4[middot]5H2O, CAS Reg. No. 7758-98-7) usually is used in...


184.1262 Corn silk and corn silk extract. (a) Corn silk is the fresh styles and stigmas of Zea mays L. collected when the corn is in milk. The filaments are...


184.1265 Cuprous iodide. (a) Cuprous iodide (copper (I) iodide, CuI, CAS Reg. No. 7681-65-4) is a pure white crystalline powder. It is prepared by the reaction...


184.1271 L-Cysteine. (a) L-Cysteine is the chemical L-2-amino-3-mercaptopropanoic acid (C3H7O2NS). (b) The ingredient...


184.1272 L-Cysteine monohydrochloride. (a) L-Cysteine monohydrochloride is the chemical L-2-amino-3- mercaptopropanoic acid monohydrochloride...


184.1277 Dextrin. (a) Dextrin ((C6H10O5)n[middot]H2 O, CAS Reg. No. 9004-53-9) is an incompletely...


184.1278 Diacetyl. (a) Diacetyl (C4H6O2, CAS Reg. No. 431-03-8) is a clear yellow to yellowish green liquid with a...


184.1282 Dill and its derivatives. (a) Dill (American or European) is the herb and seeds from Anethum graveolens L., and dill (Indian) is the herb and seeds from...


184.1287 Enzyme-modified fats. (a) Enzyme-modified refined beef fat, enzyme-modified butterfat, and enzyme-modified steam-rendered chicken fat are prepared from...


184.1293 Ethyl alcohol. (a) Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) is the chemical C2H5OH. (b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the...


184.1295 Ethyl formate. (a) Ethyl formate (C3H6O2, CAS Reg. No. 109-94-4) is also referred to as ethyl methanoate. It is an ester...


184.1296 Ferric ammonium citrate. (a) Ferric ammonium citrate (iron (III) ammonium citrate) is prepared by the reaction of ferric hydroxide with citric...


184.1297 Ferric chloride. (a) Ferric chloride (iron (III) chloride, FeC13, CAS Reg. No. 7705-08-0) may be prepared from iron and chlorine or from...


184.1298 Ferric citrate. (a) Ferric citrate (iron (III) citrate, C6H5FeO7, CAS Reg. No. 2338-05-8) is prepared from reaction...


184.1301 Ferric phosphate. (a) Ferric phosphate (ferric orthophosphate, iron (III) phosphate, FePO4[middot]xH2O, CAS Reg. No. 10045-86-0) is...


184.1304 Ferric pyrophosphate. (a) Ferric pyrophosphate (iron (III) pyrophosphate, Fe4(P207)3[middot]xH2O, CAS Reg....


184.1307 Ferric sulfate. (a) Ferric sulfate (iron (III) sulfate, Fe2(SO4)3, CAS Reg. No. 10028-22-5) is a yellow substance that...


184.1307a Ferrous ascorbate. (a) Ferrous ascorbate (CAS Reg. No. 14536-17-5) is a reaction product of ferrous hydroxide and ascorbic acid. It is a...


184.1307b Ferrous carbonate. (a) Ferrous carbonate (iron (II) carbonate, FeCO3, CAS Reg. No. 563-71-3) is an odorless, white solid prepared by...


184.1307c Ferrous citrate. (a) Ferrous citrate (iron (II) citrate, (C6H6FeO7), CAS Reg. No. 23383-11-1) is a slightly...


184.1307d Ferrous fumarate. (a) Ferrous fumarate (iron (II) fumarate, (C4H2FeO4), CAS Reg. No. 141-01-5) is an...


184.1308 Ferrous gluconate. (a) Ferrous gluconate (iron (II) gluconate dihydrate, C12H22FeO14[middot]2H2O, CAS...


184.1311 Ferrous lactate. (a) Ferrous lactate (iron (II) lactate, C6H10FeO6, CAS Reg. No. 5905-52-2) in the trihydrate form is...


184.1315 Ferrous sulfate. (a) Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate (iron (II) sulfate heptahydrate, FeSO4[middot]7H2O, CAS Reg. No. 7782-63-0)...


184.1316 Ficin. (a) Ficin (CAS Reg. No. 9001-33-6) is an enzyme preparation obtained from the latex of species of the genus Ficus, which include a variety...


184.1317 Garlic and its derivatives. (a) Garlic is the fresh or dehydrated bulb or cloves obtained from Allium sativum, a genus of the lily family. Its...


184.1318 Glucono delta-lactone. (a) Glucono delta-lactone (C6H10O6, CAS Reg. No. 90-80-2), also called D-gluconic acid delta-lactone...


184.1321 Corn gluten. (a) Corn gluten (CAS Reg. No. 66071-96-3), also known as corn gluten meal, is the principal protein component of corn endosperm. It...


184.1322 Wheat gluten. (a) Wheat gluten (CAS Reg. No. 8002-80-0) is the principal protein component of wheat and consists mainly of gliadin and glutenin....


184.1323 Glyceryl monooleate. (a) Glyceryl monooleate is prepared by esterification of commerical oleic acid that is derived either from edible sources or from...


184.1324 Glyceryl monostearate. (a) Glyceryl monostearate, also known as monostearin, is a mixture of variable proportions of glyceryl...


184.1328 Glyceryl behenate. (a) Glyceryl behenate is a mixture of glyceryl esters of behenic acid made from glycerin and behenic acid (a saturated...


184.1329 Glyceryl palmitostearate. (a) Glyceryl palmitostearate is a mixture of mono-, di-, and triglyceryl esters of palmitic and stearic acids made from...


184.1330 Acacia (gum arabic). (a) Acacia (gum arabic) is the dried gummy exudate from stems and branches of trees of various species of the genus Acacia,...


184.1333 Gum ghatti. (a) Gum ghatti (Indian gum) is an exudate from wounds in the bark of Anogeissus latifolia, a large tree found in the dry deciduous forests...


184.1339 Guar gum. (a) Guar gum is the natural substance obtained from the maceration of the seed of the guar plant, Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (Linne) Taub.,...


184.1343 Locust (carob) bean gum. (a) Locust (carob) bean gum is primarily the macerated endosperm of the seed of the locust (carob) bean tree, Ceratonia...


184.1349 Karaya gum (sterculia gum). (a) Karaya gum (sterculia gum) is the dried gummy exudate from the trunk of trees of various species of the...


184.1351 Gum tragacanth. (a) Gum tragacanth is the exudate from one of several species of Astragalus gummifier Labillardiere, a shrub that grows wild in...


184.1355 Helium. (a) Helium (empirical formula He, CAS Reg. No. 7440-59-7) is a colorless, odorless, flavorless, nonflammable, inert gas. It is lighter than...


184.1366 Hydrogen peroxide. (a) Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2, CAS Reg. No. 7722-84-1) is also referred to as hydrogen dioxide. It is made by...


184.1370 Inositol. (a) Inositol, or myo-inositol (C6H12O6, CAS Reg. No. 87-89-8), is cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-cyclohexanehexol....


184.1372 Insoluble glucose isomerase enzyme preparations. (a) Insoluble glucose isomerase enzyme preparations are used in the production of high fructose corn...


184.1375 Iron, elemental. (a) Iron, elemental (CAS Reg. No. 7439-89-6) is metallic iron obtained by any of the following processes: reduced iron,...


184.1386 Isopropyl citrate. (a) Isopropyl citrate is a mixture of the mono-, di-, and triisopropyl esters of citric acid. It is prepared by esterifying citric...


184.1387 Lactase enzyme preparation from Candida pseudotropicalis. (a) This enzyme preparation is derived from the nonpathogenic, nontoxicogenic yeast...


184.1388 Lactase enzyme preparation from Kluyveromyces lactis. (a) This enzyme preparation is derived from the nonpathogenic, nontoxicogenic yeast Kluyveromyces...


184.1400 Lecithin. (a) Commercial lecithin is a naturally occurring mixture of the phosphatides of choline, ethanolamine, and inositol, with smaller amounts of...


184.1408 Licorice and licorice derivatives. (a)(1) Licorice (glycyrrhiza) root is the dried and ground rhizome and root portions of Glycyrrhiza glabra or...


184.1409 Ground limestone. (a) Ground limestone consists essentially (not less than 94 percent) of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) and is prepared by...


184.1415 Animal lipase. (a) Animal lipase (CAS Reg. No. 9001-62-1) is an enzyme preparation obtained from edible forestomach tissue of calves, kids, or lambs,...


184.1420 Lipase enzyme preparation derived from Rhizopus niveus. (a) Lipase enzyme preparation contains lipase enzyme (CAS Reg. No. 9001-62-1), which is obtained...


184.1425 Magnesium carbonate. (a) Magnesium carbonate (molecular formula...


184.1426 Magnesium chloride. (a) Magnesium chloride (MgC12[middot]6H2O, CAS Reg. No. 7786-30-3) is a colorless, deliquescent, crystalline...


184.1428 Magnesium hydroxide. (a) Magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH)2, CAS Reg. No. 1309-42-8) occurs naturally as the colorless, crystalline mineral brucite....


184.1431 Magnesium oxide. (a) Magnesium oxide (MgO, CAS Reg. No. 1309-48-4) occurs naturally as the colorless, crystalline mineral periclase. It is produced...


184.1434 Magnesium phosphate. (a) Magnesium phosphate includes both magnesium phosphate, dibasic, and magnesium phosphate, tribasic. Magnesium phosphate,...


184.1440 Magnesium stearate. (a) Magnesium stearate (Mg(C17H34COO)2, CAS Reg. No. 557-04-0) is the magnesium salt of stearic...


184.1443 Magnesium sulfate. (a) Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4[middot]7H2O, CAS Reg. No. 10034-99-8) occurs naturally as the mineral epsomite. It...


184.1443a Malt. (a) Malt is an enzyme preparation obtained from barley which has been softened by a series of steeping operations and germinated under...


184.1444 Maltodextrin. (a) Maltodextrin ((C6H10O5)n, CAS Reg. No. 9050-36-6) is a nonsweet nutritive saccharide...


184.1445 Malt syrup (malt extract). (a) Malt is the product of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) germinated under controlled conditions. Malt syrup and malt extract...


184.1446 Manganese chloride. (a) Manganese chloride (MnCl2[middot]4H2O, CAS Reg. No. 7773-01-5) is a pink, translucent, crystalline product. It...


184.1449 Manganese citrate. (a) Manganese citrate (Mn3(C6H5O7)2, CAS Reg. No. 1002-46-65) is a...


184.1452 Manganese gluconate. (a) Manganese gluconate (C12H22MnO14[middot]2H2O, CAS Reg. No. 648-0953-0998) is...


184.1461 Manganese sulfate. (a) Manganese sulfate (MnSO4[middot]H2O, CAS Reg. No. 7785-0987-097) is a pale pink, granular, odorless powder....


184.1472 Menhaden oil. (a) Menhaden oil. (1) Menhaden oil is prepared from fish of the genus Brevoortia, commonly known as menhaden, by cooking and...


184.1490 Methylparaben. (a) Methylparaben is the chemical methyl p-hydroxybenzoate. It is produced by the methanol esterification of p-hydroxybenzoic acid in...


184.1498 Microparticulated protein product. (a) Microparticulated protein product is prepared from egg whites or milk protein or a combination of egg whites and...


184.1505 Mono- and diglycerides. (a) Mono- and diglycerides consist of a mixture of glyceryl mono- and diesters, and minor amounts of triesters, that are...


184.1521 Monosodium phosphate derivatives of mono- and diglycerides. (a) Monosodium phophate derivatives of mono- and diglycerides are composed of glyceride...


184.1530 Niacin. (a) Niacin (C6H5NO2, CAS Reg. No. 59-67-6) is the chemical 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid (nicotinic acid). It is...


184.1535 Niacinamide. (a) Niacinamide (C6H6N2O, CAS Reg. No. 98-92-0) is the chemical 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid...


184.1537 Nickel. (a) Elemental nickel (CAS Reg. No. 7440-02-0) is obtained from nickel ore by transforming it to nickel sulfide (Ni3S2)....


184.1538 Nisin preparation. (a) Nisin preparation is derived from pure culture fermentations of certain strains of Streptococcus lactis Lancefield Group N....


184.1540 Nitrogen. (a) Nitrogen (empirical formula N2, CAS Reg. No. 7727-37- 9) is a colorless, odorless, flavorless gas that is produced commercially...


184.1545 Nitrous oxide. (a) Nitrous oxide (empirical formula N2O, CAS Reg. No. 10024-97-2) is also known as dinitrogen monoxide or laughing gas. It...


184.1553 Peptones. (a) Peptones are a variable mixture of polypeptides, oligopeptides, and amino acids that are produced by partial hydrolysis of casein,...


184.1555 Rapeseed oil. (a) Fully hydrogenated rapeseed oil. (1) Fully hydrogenated rapeseed oil is a mixture of triglycerides in which the fatty acid composition...


184.1560 Ox bile extract. (a) Ox bile extract (CAS Reg. No. 8008-63-7), also known as purified oxgall or sodium choleate, is a yellowish green, soft solid, with...


184.1563 Ozone. (a) Ozone (O3, CAS Reg. No. 10028-15-6) is an unstable blue gas with a pungent, characteristic odor, which occurs freely in...


184.1583 Pancreatin. (a) Pancreatin (CAS Reg. No. 8049-47-6) is an enzyme preparation obtained from porcine or bovine pancreatic tissue. It is a white to...


184.1585 Papain. (a) Papain (CAS Reg. No. 9001-73-4) is a proteolytic enzyme derived from Carica papaya L. Crude latex containing the enzyme is collected...


184.1588 Pectins. (a) The pectins (CAS Reg. No. 9000-69-5) are a group of complex, high molecular weight polysaccharides found in plants and composed chiefly...


184.1595 Pepsin. (a) Pepsin (CAS Reg. No. 9001-75-6) is an enzyme preparation obtained from the glandular layer of hog stomach. It is a white to light tan...


184.1610 Potassium alginate. (a) Potassium alginate (CAS Reg. No. 9005-36-1) is the potassium salt of alginic acid, a natural polyuronide constituent of...


184.1613 Potassium bicarbonate. (a) Potassium bicarbonate (KHCO3, CAS Reg. No. 298-14-6) is made by the following processes: (1) By treating...


184.1619 Potassium carbonate. (a) Potassium carbonate (K2CO3, CAS Reg. No. 584-08-7) is produced by the following methods of manufacture: ...


184.1622 Potassium chloride. (a) Potassium chloride (KCl, CAS Reg. No. 7447-40-7) is a white, odorless solid prepared from source minerals by...


184.1625 Potassium citrate. (a) Potassium citrate (C6H5K3O7[middot]H2 O, CAS Reg. No. 006100-0905-096) is...


184.1631 Potassium hydroxide. (a) Potassium hydroxide (KOH, CAS Reg. No. 1310-58-3) is also known as caustic potash, potash lye, and potassa. The empirical...


184.1634 Potassium iodide. (a) Potassium iodide (KI, CAS Reg. No. 7681-11-0) is the potassium salt of hydriodic acid. It occurs naturally in sea water and in...


184.1635 Potassium iodate. (a) Potassium iodate (KIO3, CAS Reg. No. 7758-05-6) does not occur naturally but can be prepared by reacting iodine...


184.1639 Potassium lactate. (a) Potassium lactate (C3H5O3K, CAS Reg. No. 996-31-6) is the potassium salt of lactic acid. It is...


184.1643 Potassium sulfate. (a) Potassium sulfate (K2SO4, CAS Reg. No. 7778-80-5) occurs naturally and consists of colorless or white...


184.1655 Propane. (a) Propane (empirical formula C3H8, CAS Reg. No. 74-98-6) is also known as dimethylmethane or propyl hydrid. It is...


184.1660 Propyl gallate. (a) Propyl gallate is the n-propylester of 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid (C10H12O5). Natural occurrence...


184.1666 Propylene glycol. (a) Propylene glycol (C3H8O2, CAS Reg. No. 57-55-6) is known as 1,2-propanediol. It does not occur...


184.1670 Propylparaben. (a) Propylparaben is the chemical propyl p-hydroxybenzoate. It is produced by the n-propanol esterification of p-hydroxybenzoic acid in...


184.1676 Pyridoxine hydrochloride. (a) Pyridoxine hydrochloride (C8H11NO3[middot]HCl, CAS Reg. No. 58- 56-0) is the...


184.1685 Rennet (animal-derived) and chymosin preparation (fermentation-derived). (a)(1) Rennet and bovine rennet are commercial extracts containing the...


184.1695 Riboflavin. (a) Riboflavin (C17H20N4O6, CAS Reg. No. 83-88-5) occurs as yellow to orange-yellow needles...


184.1697 Riboflavin-5'-phosphate (sodium). (a) Riboflavin-5'-phosphate...


184.1698 Rue. (a) Rue is the perennial herb of several species of Ruta (Ruta montana L., Ruta graveolens L., Ruta bracteosa L., and Ruta calepensis L.). The...


184.1699 Oil of rue. (a) Oil of rue is the natural substance obtained by steam distillation of the fresh blossoming plants of rue, the perennial herb of...


184.1702 Sheanut oil. (a) Sheanut oil is produced from sheanuts derived from the Shea tree Butyrospermum parkii and is composed principally of...


184.1721 Sodium acetate. (a) Sodium acetate (C2H3O2Na, CAS Reg. No. 127-09-3...


184.1724 Sodium alginate. (a) Sodium alginate (CAS Reg. No. 9005-38-3) is the sodium salt of alginic acid, a natural polyuronide constituent of certain brown...


184.1733 Sodium benzoate. (a) Sodium benzoate is the chemical benzoate of soda (C7H5NaO2), produced by the neutralization...


184.1736 Sodium bicarbonate. (a) Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3, CAS Reg. No. 144-55-8) is prepared by treating a sodium carbonate or a sodium carbonate...


184.1742 Sodium carbonate. (a) Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3, CAS Reg. No. 497-19-8) is produced (1) from purified trona ore that has been...


184.1751 Sodium citrate. (a) Sodium citrate (C6H5Na3O7[middot]2H2 O, CAS Reg. No. 68-0904-092) is the...


184.1754 Sodium diacetate. (a) Sodium diacetate (C4H7O4Na[middot]xH2O, CAS Reg. No. 126-96-5) is a...


184.1763 Sodium hydroxide. (a) Sodium hydroxide (NaOH, CAS Reg. No. 1310-73-2) is also known as sodium hydrate, soda lye, caustic soda, white caustic, and lye....


184.1764 Sodium hypophosphite. (a) Sodium hypophosphite (NaH2PO2, CAS Reg. No. 7681-53-0) is a white, odorless, deliquescent granular powder with...


184.1768 Sodium lactate. (a) Sodium lactate (C3H5O3Na, CAS Reg. No. 72- 17-3) is the sodium salt of lactic acid....


184.1769a Sodium metasilicate. (a) Sodium metasilicate (CAS Reg. No. 6834-92-0) is a strongly alkaline white powder. It does not occur naturally but rather...


184.1784 Sodium propionate. (a) Sodium propionate (C3H5NaO2, CAS Reg. No. 137-40-6) is the sodium salt of propionic acid. It...


184.1792 Sodium sesquicarbonate. (a) Sodium sesquicarbonate (Na2CO3[middot]NaHCO3[middot]2H2 O, CAS Reg. No. 533-96-0)...


184.1801 Sodium tartrate. (a) Sodium tartrate (C4H4Na2O6[middot]2H2 O, CAS Reg. No. 868-18-8) is the...


184.1804 Sodium potassium tartrate. (a) Sodium potassium tartrate (C4H4KNaO6[middot]4H2O, CAS Reg. No. 304-59-6)...


184.1807 Sodium thiosulfate. (a) Sodium thiosulfate (Na2S2O3[middot]5H2O, CAS Reg. No. 010102-0917-097) is also known...


184.1835 Sorbitol. (a) Sorbitol is the chemical 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexanehexol (C6H14O6), a hexahydric alcohol, differing...


184.1845 Stannous chloride (anhydrous and dihydrated). (a) Stannous chloride is anhydrous or contains two molecules of water of hydration. Anhydrous stannous...


184.1848 Starter distillate. (a) Starter distillate (butter starter distillate) is a steam distillate of the culture of any or all of the following species...


184.1851 Stearyl citrate. (a) Stearyl citrate is a mixture of the mono-, di-, and tristearyl esters of citric acid. It is prepared by esterifying citric acid...


184.1854 Sucrose. (a) Sucrose (C12H22O11, CAS Reg. No. 57-50-11-1) sugar, cane sugar, or beet sugar is the...


184.1857 Corn sugar. (a) Corn sugar (C6H12O6, CAS Reg. No. 50-99-7), commonly called D-glucose or dextrose, is the...


184.1859 Invert sugar. (a) Invert sugar (CAS Reg. No. 8013-17-0) is an aqueous solution of inverted or partly inverted, refined or partly refined sucrose,...


184.1865 Corn syrup. (a) Corn syrup, commonly called ``glucose sirup'' or ``glucose syrup,'' is obtained by partial hydrolysis of corn starch with safe and...


184.1866 High fructose corn syrup. (a) High fructose corn syrup, a sweet, nutritive saccharide mixture containing either approximately 42 or 55 percent fructose,...


184.1875 Thiamine hydrochloride. (a) Thiamine hydrochloride (C12H17C1N4OS[middot]HCl, CAS Reg. No. 67-03-8) is...


184.1878 Thiamine mononitrate. (a) Thiamine mononitrate (C12H17N5O4S, CAS Reg. No. 532-43-4) is the mononitrate salt...


184.1890 [alpha]-Tocopherols. (a) The [alpha]-tocopherols that are the subject of this GRAS affirmation regulation are limited to the following: ...


184.1901 Triacetin. (a) Triacetin (C8 H14O6, CAS Reg. No. 102-76-1), also known as 1,2,3,-propanetriol triacetate or...


184.1903 Tributyrin. (a) Tributyrin (C15H26O6, CAS Reg. No. 60-01-5), also known as butyrin or glyceryl tributyrate, is...


184.1911 Triethyl citrate. (a) Triethyl citrate (C12H20O7, CAS Reg. No. 77-93-0) is the triethyl ester of citric acid. It is...


184.1914 Trypsin. (a) Trypsin (CAS Reg. No. 9002-07-7) is an enzyme preparation obtained from purified extracts of porcine or bovine pancreas. It is a white to...


184.1923 Urea. (a) Urea (CO(NH2)2, CAS Reg. No. 57-13-6) is the diamide of carbonic acid and is also known as carbamide. It is a...


184.1924 Urease enzyme preparation from Lactobacillus fermentum. (a) This enzyme preparation is derived from the nonpathogenic, nontoxicogenic bacterium...


184.1930 Vitamin A. (a)(1) Vitamin A (retinol; CAS Reg. No. 68-26-8) is the...


184.1945 Vitamin B12. (a) Vitamin B12, also known as cyanocobalamin (C63H88CoN14O14P, CAS Reg....


184.1950 Vitamin D. (a) Vitamin D is added to food as the following food ingredients: (1) Crystalline vitamin D2...


184.1973 Beeswax (yellow and white). (a) Beeswax (CAS Reg. No. 8012-89-3) is a secretory product of honey bees used as a structural material in honeycombs. Beeswax...


184.1976 Candelilla wax. (a) Candelilla wax (CAS Reg. No. 8006-44-8) is obtained from the candelilla plant. It is a hard, yellowish-brown,...


184.1978 Carnauba wax. (a) Carnauba wax (CAS Reg. No. 008-015-869) is obtained from the leaves and buds of the Brazilian wax palm Copernicia cerifera Martius....


184.1979 Whey. (a)(1) Whey. Whey is the liquid substance obtained by separating the coagulum from milk, cream, or skim milk in cheesemaking. Whey obtained...


184.1979a Reduced lactose whey. (a) Reduced lactose whey is the substance obtained by the removal of lactose from whey. The lactose content of the finished...


184.1979b Reduced minerals whey. (a) Reduced minerals whey is the substance obtained by the removal of a portion of the minerals from whey. The dry product...


184.1979c Whey protein concentrate. (a) Whey protein concentrate is the substance obtained by the removal of sufficient nonprotein constituents from whey so...


184.1983 Bakers yeast extract. (a) Bakers yeast extract is the food ingredient resulting from concentration of the solubles of mechanically ruptured cells of...


184.1984 Zein. (a) Zein (CAS Reg. No. 9010-66-6) is one of the components of corn gluten. It is produced commercially by extraction from corn gluten...


184.1985 Aminopeptidase enzyme preparation derived from lactococcus lactis. (a) Aminopeptidase enzyme preparation is derived from the nonpathogenic...


Substances added indirectly to human food affirmed as generally recognized as safe (GRAS). Subpart...


186.1093 Sulfamic acid. (a) Sulfamic acid (H3NO3S, CAS Reg. No. 5329- 14-6) is a white crystalline solid manufactured from urea,...


186.1256 Clay (kaolin). (a) Clay (kaolin) Al2O3.2SiO2.nH2O, Cas Reg. No. 1332-58-7) consists of hydrated aluminum silicate. The...


186.1275 Dextrans. (a) Dextrans (CAS Reg. No. 9004-54-0) are high molecular weight polysaccharides produced by bacterial fermentation of sucrose....


186.1300 Ferric oxide. (a) Ferric oxide (iron (III) oxide, Fe2O3, CAS Reg. No. 1309-37-1) occurs naturally as the mineral hematite. It may...


186.1316 Formic acid. (a) Formic acid (CH2O2, CAS Reg. No. 64-18-6) is also referred to as methanoic acid or hydrogen carboxylic acid....


186.1374 Iron oxides. (a) Iron oxides (oxides of iron, CAS Reg. No. 97705-33-85) are undefined mixtures of iron (II) oxide (CAS Reg. No. 1345-25-1, black...


186.1551 Hydrogenated fish oil. (a) Hydrogenated fish oil (CAS Reg. No. 91078-95-4) is a class of oils produced by partial hydrogenation of oils expressed from...


186.1555 Japan wax. (a) Japan wax (CAS Reg. No. 8001-39-6), also known as Japan tallow or sumac wax, is a pale yellow vegetable tallow, containing...


186.1557 Tall oil. (a) Tall oil (CAS Reg. No. 8002-26-4) is essentially the sap of the pine tree. It is obtained commercially from the waste liquors of...


186.1673 Pulp. (a) Pulp is the soft, spongy pith inside the stem of a plant such as wood, straw, sugarcane, or other natural plant sources. (b) The...


186.1750 Sodium chlorite. (a) Sodium chlorite (NaCLO2, CAS Reg. No. 7758-19-2) exists as slightly hygroscopic white crystals or flakes. It...


186.1756 Sodium formate. (a) Sodium formate (CHNaO2, CAS Reg. No. 141-53-7) is the sodium salt of formic acid. It is produced by the reaction of...


186.1770 Sodium oleate. (a) Sodium oleate (C18H33O2Na, CAS Reg. No. 143-19-1) is the sodium salt of oleic acid...


186.1771 Sodium palmitate. (a) Sodium palmitate (C16H31O2Na, CAS Reg. No. 408-35-5) is the sodium salt of palmitic acid...


186.1797 Sodium sulfate. (a) Sodium sulfate (Na2SO4, CAS Reg. No. 7757- 82-6), also known as Glauber's salt, occurs naturally and exists...


186.1839 Sorbose. (a) Sorbose (L-sorbose, sorbinose) (C6H12O6, CAS Reg. No. 87-79-6) is an orthorhombic, bisphenoidal...


use in human food. Subpart A_General Provisions Sec. 189.1 Substances prohibited from use in human...


Human Food Sec. 189.110 Calamus and its derivatives. (a) Calamus is the dried rhizome of Acorus calamus L. It has been used as a flavoring...


Human Food Sec. 189.113 Cinnamyl anthranilate. (a) The food additive cinnamyl anthranilate (C16H15NO2, CAS Reg....


Human Food Sec. 189.120 Cobaltous salts and its derivatives. (a) Cobaltous salts are the chemicals,...


Human Food Sec. 189.130 Coumarin. (a) Coumarin is the chemical 1,2-benzopyrone, C9H6O2. It is found in tonka beans...


Human Food Sec. 189.135 Cyclamate and its derivatives. (a) Calcium, sodium, magnesium and potassium salts of cyclohexane sulfamic...


Human Food Sec. 189.140 Diethylpyrocarbonate (DEPC). (a) Diethylpyrocarbonate is the chemical pyrocarbonic acid diethyl...


Human Food Sec. 189.145 Dulcin. (a) Dulcin is the chemical 4-ethoxyphenylurea, C9H12N2O2. It is a...


Human Food Sec. 189.155 Monochloroacetic acid. (a) Monochloroacetic acid is the chemical chloroacetic acid, C2H3C1O2. It...


Human Food Sec. 189.165 Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA). (a) Nordihydroguaiaretic acid is the chemical 4,4'-(2,3- dimethyltetrame thylene)...


Human Food Sec. 189.175 P-4000. (a) P-4000 is the chemical 5-nitro-2-n-propoxyaniline, C9H12N2O3. It is...


Human Food Sec. 189.180 Safrole. (a) Safrole is the chemical 4-allyl-1,2-methylenedioxy-benzene, C10H10O2. It is a...


Human Food Sec. 189.190 Thiourea. (a) Thiourea is the chemical thiocarbamide, CH4N2S. It is a synthetic chemical, is not found...


Human Food Sec. 189.191 Chlorofluorocarbon propellants. The use of chlorofluorocarbons in human food as propellants in self- pressurized containers...


Through Food-Contact Surfaces Sec. 189.220 Flectol H. (a) Flectol H is the chemical 1,2-dihydro-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline,...


Through Food-Contact Surfaces Sec. 189.240 Lead solders. (a) Lead solders are alloys of metals that include lead and are used in the construction of metal...


Through Food-Contact Surfaces Sec. 189.250 Mercaptoimidazoline and 2-mercaptoimidazoline. (a) Mercaptoimidazoline and 2-mercaptoimidazoline both have the...


Through Food-Contact Surfaces Sec. 189.280 4,4'-Methylenebis (2-chloro analine). (a) 4,4'-Methylenebis (2-chloroanaline) has the molecular...


Through Food-Contact Surfaces Sec. 189.300 Hydrogenated 4,4'-isopropyl idene-diphenol phosphite ester resins. (a) Hydrogenated...


Through Food-Contact Surfaces Sec. 189.301 Tin-coated lead foil capsules for wine bottles. (a) Tin-coated lead foil is composed of a lead foil coated on one or...


[Reserved] Subpart B_New Dietary Ingredient Notification Sec. 190.6 Requirement for premarket notification. ...




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